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Royal Garrison Artillery

Want to know more about Royal Garrison Artillery?

There are:654 articles tagged Royal Garrison Artillery available in our Library

  These include information on officers service records, regimental histories, letters, diaries, personal accounts and information about actions during the Great War.

Those known to have served with

Royal Garrison Artillery

during the Great War 1914-1918.

  • Aiken Henry. AM3. (d.5th Nov 1918)
  • Alexander Arthur John. Gnr. (d.22nd March 1918)
  • Alexander Frank George. Pte. (d.21st Nov 1918)
  • Alexander Kenneth Henry .
  • Allen Ernest Robert. Gnr.
  • Allen John Harcourt. Mjr.
  • Anderson John Craig. Gnr. (d.6th Sep 1917)
  • Archer George Henry. BSM. (d.7th July 1917)
  • Arnison Edward Burra. 2nd Lt. (d.18th Aug 1918)
  • Arnold Frederick Arthur. Sgt. (d.7th July 1917)
  • Ashurst Albert Henry. Gnr. (d.5th Nov 1917)
  • Atkinson Brumfitt. Cpl.
  • Ault Henry Charles. Gunner
  • Baker George William. Gnr.
  • Baker Maurice William Harry. Sgt. (d.10th April 1918)
  • Banfield Charles. Capt.
  • Bathe John Victor. Gnr.
  • Beechey Abel. Dvr.
  • Beer Edward Albert. 2nd Lt. (d.22nd Sep 1917)
  • Beer William Thomas. Gnr. (d.22nd Dec 1917)
  • Bell William James Knox. 2nd Lt. (d.5th Apr 1918)
  • Bentham James. Gnr. (d.16th Apr 1916)
  • Bicknell Arthur John . Gnr. (d.30th Sep 1916)
  • Birch Arthur. Gnr. (d.12th April 1917)
  • Blackburn Herbert. Sgt. (d.7th Aug 1917)
  • Blowers William Benjamin. Gnr.
  • Bohill Percy. Gnr.
  • Bonner George Albert.
  • Brabazon John Henry. Maj.
  • Brace Arthur Henry. Sgt. (d.30th Sep 1917)
  • Bradshaw Joe. Sgt.
  • Brennan John. L/Bdr. (d.16th Oct 1918)
  • Brewer Arthur George. Bombardier (d.2nd June 1916)
  • Brick Philip. Sgt.
  • Brien Andrew. Gnr. (d.22nd Mar 1918)
  • Brinton William Samuel. Gunner
  • Broadhead Herbert Wilson. Gnr.
  • Bromley Frank Darcy. Gnr.
  • Brooks Francis T. Gnr.
  • Brooks William E.
  • Broughton James William. Dvr.
  • Brown Archie Maynard. 2nd Lt. (d.6th Apr 1918)
  • Brown Archie Maynard. 2nd Lt. (d.6th Apr 1918)
  • Brown Robert . Gnr.
  • Brown Thomas. Cpl. (d.18th Sep 1918)
  • Brown William.
  • Bruce J.. Gnr. (d.29th September 1917)
  • Bryant John. Gnr.
  • Buckhurst Bertie William. Gnr. (d.14th Oct 1918)
  • Burgess Arthur. Bdr.
  • Burgess Harry. Serjeant (d.8th Jul 1917)
  • Burke James. BQMS.
  • Burton Hubert Oscar. Gnr.
  • Butler Frank Herbert. Gnr.
  • Byrne Edward. Gnr.
  • Cades Lawrence. Cpl. (d.16th Aug 1918)
  • Calderhead Donald. Gnr. (d.16th Feb 1917)
  • Campbell Edward Alexander Munroe. Gnr
  • Carr Albert. Gnr. (d.14th Jul 1916)
  • Channell Frederick. Gunner
  • Chilmaid Fred. A/Cpl.
  • Chisholm Isaac. Gnr. (d.10th Feb 1916)
  • Clarke Henry. Gunner
  • Clarke Henry. Sgt.
  • Clemmett John Leonard Scott. Bmbdr.
  • Coe Edward. Sgt.
  • Coleman John Henry. Gnr. (d.16th November 1916)
  • Coley Alfred. Gnr.
  • Coram Thomas Ebenezer. Gnr. (d.1st Dec 1918)
  • Corbett Charles William. Gnr. (d.10th Nov 1917)
  • Corney James Stewart.
  • Coxhead A. A.. Gnr.
  • Craymer Douglas Charles. 2nd Lt. (d.15th Sep 1918)
  • Croft George. Gnr.
  • Curson James R.. Cpl.
  • daCosta-Andrade Edward Neuville. Capt.
  • Dacre Frederick. Gnr. (d.20th April 1918)
  • Dancer Albert. Cpl.
  • Davies David Charles. Gnr. (d.5th April 1918)
  • Davies Samuel. Gnr. (d.13th May 1917)
  • Davison Frank. Bdr. (d.28th Sep 1917)
  • Dawe Leonard Reth. Gnr. (d.21st Oct 1917)
  • Deadman Archibald Henry. Gnr.
  • Delaney James. Gnr. (d.24th Dec 1916)
  • Dewhurst Robert. Gnr. (d.11th Feb 1915)
  • Dickenson George Ernest. Cpl. (d.1st Jul 1917)
  • Dixon Rennie. Gnr. (d.17th Jun 1918)
  • Dixon Rennie. Gnr. (d.17th June 1918)
  • Dolley Herbert George. Gnr. (d.25th Dec 1915)
  • Dorrell James Henry. Gnr/Bombdr
  • Douthwaite T.. Sjt.
  • Downs Harold. Sgt.
  • Drake Denis Timothy. Sgt. (d.11th Jun 1917)
  • Dunwell Harry. Gnr. (d.12th Nov 1918)
  • Dunwell Harry. Gunner (d.12th November 1918)
  • Edwards Godfrey Charles. Cpl.
  • Elliott Ronald Cecil.
  • Farmer Jack. Capt.
  • Fewster Joseph Daniel. Gnr.
  • Field Thomas Walter Henry. Sgt. (d.19th Sep 1917)
  • Fishburn Samuel. Bdr.
  • Ford Harry Cecil. Gunner (d.23th August 1917)
  • Fox John Henry Raymond. Gnr.
  • Francis Charles . Pte.
  • Fredericks Charles. Cpl. (d.2nd Jan 1919)
  • Freeman Matthew. Gunner (d.23rd Jul 1916)
  • Gemmell Alexander. Pte.
  • Glassford David. Gnr.
  • Goddard Edward Brett. A/Cpl.
  • Griffiths Ivor Wynne. Gnr. (d.24th September 1917)
  • Grinter Wilfred. Gnr. (d.25th Sep 1918)
  • Hackett Arthur. Gnr.
  • Hadden Andrew Haggie. Cpl.
  • Haigh Victor Louis Bosker. Lt.
  • Hallmark John.
  • Hambridge Thomas. Gnr.
  • Harcus Andrew. Gnr. (d.3rd Aug 1917)
  • Harcus Thomas. Gnr. (d.3rd Aug 1917)
  • Hardy William. Gnr.
  • Harkness William Frederick Samuel. 2nd Lt.
  • Henniker George William. L/Bdr.
  • Hewitt Thomas. Gnr. (d.30th Mar 1917)
  • Hicks Albert. Sgt.
  • Higgins Cecil John. CorporalCpl. (d.15 March 1916)
  • Hill Victor Leo. Lt.
  • Hills Arthur. Gnr. (d.17th Oct 1918)
  • Hodgson Frederick. Gnr.
  • Hodgson Joseph Ward. Gnr.
  • Hodkinson James .
  • Hole Thomas. Dvr.
  • Hope J. J.. Acting Bombardier
  • Houston James. Cpl.
  • Houston William. Gnr. (d.16th Dec 1914)
  • Hudson Leonard George. Gnr. (d.16th Oct 1917)
  • Hughes Howell Tudor. Gunner (d.14th Oct 1917)
  • Hughes John Edward. Gnr. (d.2nd Nov 1917)
  • Hugo Thomas. Gnr.
  • Hunt Ben. Gnr. (d.30th Jun 1917)
  • Hunter Archibald James. Gnr. (d.7th June 1917 )
  • Hunter Sidney Lewis. Gnr. (d.25th June 1916)
  • Hussey Thomas Joseph. Gnr.
  • Hussey Thomas Joseph. Gnr.
  • Hutson Thomas Alfred. Acting Bomb. (d.19th December 1915)
  • Ingham Harry. Gnr.
  • Jamieson John Robert. Lt.
  • Jennison E.. Gnr. (d.14th November 1916)
  • John W. Sheardown. Bombadier
  • Johnson Ernest. Gnr.
  • Johnson Wallace. Bmbdr. (d.8th Jul 1917)
  • Johnston Robert. Gnr. (d.19th May 1915)
  • Jolley Frederick. Gnr. (d.3rd Aug 1918)
  • Jordan William John. Gnr. (d.4th Nov 1917)
  • Kelly Charles Colville. 2nd Lt.
  • Kuhler Robert. Gnr. (d.16th Oct 1917)
  • Lally Edward. Gnr. (d.29th November 1918)
  • Law .
  • Laws Arthur. Sig. (d.7th Oct 1918)
  • Lawton Thomas Frederick. Gunner
  • Leese Harry. Gnr. (d.26th March 1918)
  • Leete Joseph Oswald. Gnr. (d.30th Nov 1917)
  • Legge Sidney Jackson. Gnr.
  • Legge Sidney Jackson. Gnr.
  • Lewis Albert H.. Gnr.
  • Linden Samuel McCullagh. 2nd Lt. (d.31 July 1917)
  • Loader John William. Gnr. (d.9th Apr 1918)
  • Macarthur David Christie. Lt.
  • Mallin F. W.. Sjt.
  • Manfield Stanley Charles. Sgt.
  • Manville Henry. Pte. (d.20th Nov 1914)
  • Martin Edgar. A/WOII
  • Mason Miles Farrar Hemming. Gunner (d.15th Sept 1916)
  • Mathias Stanley Mostyn. Gnr. (d.25th December 1914)
  • Mathias Stanley Mostyn. Gnr. (d.25th Dec 1915)
  • Matson Thomas. Gnr.
  • Matthews William. Gnr. (d.26th Feb 1919)
  • McCarthy Daniel. Cpl. (d.26th June 1916)
  • McDonald C. A.. (d.7th Nov 1918)
  • McGuigan James. Gunner
  • McLennan William Wright. Gnr.
  • McLoughlin James C. Cpl.
  • Mercer John. BSM.
  • Meredith John Raymond . Gnr.
  • Metcalf Thomas. Gnr. (d.25th Oct 1917)
  • Miles John H. Gnr. (d.9th Aug 1915)
  • Moore George Edward.
  • Moriarty James Henry. Lt. (d.12th Oct 1915)
  • Morrice Louis. Gnr. (d.10th Aug 1914)
  • Mortimer Hugh James. Cpt.
  • Moss Sidney James. Gnr. (d.10th Feb 1916)
  • Mugford Jack Herbert. Gnr. (d.3rd Jul 1918)
  • Mugford Jack Herbert. Gnr. (d.3rd July 1918)
  • Mussalli Antonio Edward. Gnr. (d.22nd Apr 1917)
  • Mustard George Douglas. Gnr. (d.7th Apr 1916)
  • Neill Joseph.
  • Neville A.. Trumpeter
  • Oatley John Henry James. RSM.
  • Organ Charles. Gnr.
  • Overton Chestney George. Gnr.
  • Pailor Tom. Sjt Mjr
  • Parker Albert J. Gnr.
  • Parsons George Walter Henry. Gunner
  • Pascoe John Frederick. Cpl.
  • Patchett Robert. Gnr. (d.12th Jun 1917)
  • Paxman Walter William. Gnr.
  • Peacock Charles Frederick G.. Gnr. (d.27th May 1918)
  • Peartree Craine. BSM (d.23rd April 1917)
  • Pentreath Fredrick Charles. Gunner (d.24th July 1917)
  • Pettet Thomas Albert. Gnr. (d.30th Jan 1918)
  • Pickering Joseph. Driver
  • Powell Stephen. Gnr.
  • Prudence George. Gnr. (d.21st Mar 1918)
  • Purdie Peter Robertson. 2nd Lt. (d.17th Aug 1917)
  • Ramsay David Mitchell.
  • Richards Lewis. Gnr. (d.11th Dec 1918)
  • Robb Thomas. Gnr.
  • Roberts Harold Pendleton. Gunner (d.12th Jul 1916)
  • Robinson Percy. Gnr.
  • Robson Lancelot. Lt -Col.
  • Scholefield Cyril Hamilton Reid. A/Maj. (d.28th March 1918)
  • Scholefield Cyril H.R.. Maj. (d.28th March 1918)
  • Scott Francis Richard. Gunner
  • Scott Frank Edward. 2Lt. (d.4th Apr 1918)
  • Shand John James Fraser. 2nd Lt. (d.6th Aug 1917)
  • Shannon William. Gmr. (d.18th May 1917)
  • Simmonds George Henry. Cpl.
  • Smith George Crosby. Sgt. (d.16th Aug 1914)
  • Smith Thomas Stoker. Sgt. (d.3rd Aug 1917)
  • Smythe Ralph Conran. Mjr. (d.24th Nov 1915)
  • Snell Ernest William. Sgt.
  • Southren James Edward. Gnr. (d.6th Nov 1918)
  • Spalding Sydney Leonard. 2nd Lt.
  • Spalding William James. Gnr. (d.11th Nov 1918)
  • Spence Robert. Gnr. (d.16th Dec 1914)
  • Spring Arthur William.
  • Stallard Jack . Gunner
  • Stevenson John William. Gnr. (d.4th Nov 1918)
  • Stewart James. (d.12th July 1917)
  • Storrar David. Pte. (d.15th Nov 1918)
  • Stretton William James. Gnr.
  • Stroud Thomas . Cpl
  • Sutton John William Wellesley. 2nd Lt (d.29th Jun 1917)
  • Taylor Herbert. Gunner (d.9th Otober 1917)
  • Thomas Arthur Crichton. Major (d.19th Nov, 1917)
  • Thomas Harry Reid. Capt. (d.25th Dec 1915)
  • Thomas Harry Reid. Cpt. (d.25th Dec, 1915)
  • Timms Thomas. Gnr. (d.30th March 1917)
  • Trenchmann Oscar. Capt.
  • Trenchmann Richard.
  • Trull Joseph Charles. Gnr. (d.9th Apr 1918)
  • Turnbull Robert Joseph. Gunner (d.30th May 1917)
  • Turner Harold. Bombdr.
  • Tyson Harry. Gnr.
  • Wadey Thomas William. Gnr. (d.3rd Dec 1915)
  • Walker T. H..
  • Wallis John George. Pte.
  • Walsh Christopher. Pte.
  • Watters William Dunn. Gnr.
  • Weller Charles Henry. Gnr
  • Westby W.. Sgt.
  • Weston Jonah. Gnr. (d.10th June 1917)
  • Wheaton Percy. Trptr. (d.10th Nov 1914)
  • White Charles Noel. Sjt.
  • White William Spencer. A/Bdr.
  • Whyte Arthur Duncan. Bdr.
  • Wilkinson Jack. Gnr.
  • Williams William James. Gunner (d.16 September 1917)
  • Wills Frank O.. Gnr. (d.27th May 1919)
  • Wilson John. Gnr. (d.12th April 1918)
  • Winton Ernest Walter. 2nd Lt. (d.15th Dec 1917)
  • Wood Cecil. Gnr. (d.11th Feb 1916)
  • Woodworth Alfred. Pte.
  • Workman Archibald. Gnr.
  • Worsnip James. Gnr.
  • Yendall Arthur Fred. Gnr.
  • York H. H.. Gnr/Drvr
  • York Herber Henry. gunner
  • Young Cyril Rutherford. Mjr. (d.1st Jul 1917)

All names on this list have been submitted by relatives, friends, neighbours and others who wish to remember them, if you have any names to add or any recollections or photos of those listed, please Add a Name to this List

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Did you know? We also have a section on World War Two. and a Timecapsule to preserve stories from other conflicts for future generations.


Pte. David Storrar attd. 123rd Siege Bty. Royal Garrison Artillery Army Service Corps (d.15th Nov 1918)

David Storrar died on 15th November 1918 aged 29 and is buried in the St Sever Cemetery extension in France. He was the son of the late Smart Storrar and of Christina Storrar, of 1 Lorne Place, Leith, Edinburgh.

s flynn


Gnr. William James Spalding 69th Siege Battery Royal Garrison Artillery (d.11th Nov 1918)

William James Spalding died on 11th November 1918, aged 26. He is buried in in the St Sever Cemetery extension in France and was the son of Richard and Louisa Spalding, of 62, Richmond Park Rd., Kingston-on-Thames.

s flynn


Sgt. Stanley Charles Manfield MID. 25th Heavy Battery Royal Garrison Artillery

Stanley and Bessie Manfield

Stanley Manfield served with the 25th Heavy Battery, Royal Garrison Artillery

Stanley and Bessie Manfield wedding 1916

Nick Manfield


A/WOII Edgar Martin MM 283 Siege Battery Royal Garrison Artillery

Edgar Martin was born in Ramsbury Wiltshire and volunteered to join the Royal Garrison Artillery in 1916. He was married to Bertha (Vockins) and had 5 children at the time. He returned in 1919 but subsequently died in 1924, some say from injuries received during the war.

Diary of Edgar Martin for World War 1


  • May 31st - Joined up
  • June 1st - Arrived at Plymouth at No 3 Depot, Royal Garrison Artillery
  • July 14th - Appointed Acting Bombardier, with pay.
  • Sept 16th – sent to Bexhill for Seige Course.
  • Oct 16th – Passed Course and sent on B.E.F.
  • Nov 11th – Appointed Full Bombardier
  • Nov 13th – Joined Battery at Broughly Ferry (unable to locate)
  • Nov 23rd – Arrived Ewshot (near Aldershot)
  • Dec 16th – moved to Aldershot
  • Jan 30th – moved to Lydd
  • Feb 20th – moved to Devizes
  • Feb 23rd – Overseas Leave
  • March 25th – Left Devizes for France
  • March 31st – Left Le Havre for Bailleul (Belgium)
  • April 2nd – arrived at Battalion positions at Kemmel Hill (near Ypres) in Belgium
  • April 5th – fired first round
  • April 29th – first casualty
  • April 30th – appointed acting corporal with pay
  • June 7th – premature on No 4 gun – 3 men wounded, also Messines Ridge captured June 10th – pulled out and move to new position at Peckham (Battle of Messines)
  • June 26th – Acting Bmdr Kimber wounded
  • June 30th – Gnrs Tolkey and Harvey wounded
  • July 4th – King George passed Battery positions and camp
  • July 22nd – premature on No 1 gun. Bdr Killed and 4 men wounded
  • July 29th – went to 2nd Army Rest Camp at Abbeville (?) for 14 days
  • Aug 12th – returned to base … - moved to Onreat Wood. (location not found)
  • Sept 4th – hit by shell splinters on shoulder – in the evening
  • Sept 16th – promoted to acting Sgt
  • Sept 19th – premature (explosion) on No 1 gun. 1 killed, 8 wounded of 405 Seige Batt.
  • Sept 21st – went to rest at Veibix berque?? (poss Vieux-Berquin)
  • Sept 24th – returned to Battery positions and went into action – some rest
  • Oct 1st – appointed full Sgt
  • Dec 9th – premature on No 1 gun. 1 man wounded
  • Jan 13th – 27th – leave in Blighty
  • Feb 15th – pulled out for rest at Arques near Saint Omer.
  • Feb 21st – left Arques for Bty positions at Montes Court(unable to locate)
  • March 13th – Right section pulled out and relieved 306 Siege Bty at forward position in front of Fort Vendeuil
  • March 16th – shelled out of position, returned to Liez
  • March 17th – left section took over position at Liez from 306 Seige Bty
  • March 21st – German Offensive commenced at 04.30 am, retired to reserve position on the evening of the 21st. On the retirement the Battery had 11 guns. Fired 2000 rounds and left behind 1700 rounds partially destroyed. Travelled 300 miles, causalities one man wounded and one missing. Pulled out on Easter Sunday for Beaucamps-le-Jeune to refit.
  • April 10th – went into action
  • April 12th – moved up to Gentles Wood at Boves
  • April 15th – premature on No 2 gun. Sgt Farlow and Gnr Butterfield killed. 5 men wounded.
  • April 15th – Bdr Pilcher wounded
  • April 24th 1918 – Awarded the Military Medal. Authority III Corp Routine Orders No 63.
  • April 30th – Pullout of line for Marcuil near Abberville.
  • May 17th – Left Marciul for Caubirk
  • May 19th – arrived at Bty positions and relieved 216 Siege Bty at Heilly.
  • May 31st - four men wounded at Centre Section, Gnr Round died of wounds.
  • June 16th – Eight men wounded, five men killed at camp and position.
  • July 2nd - pulled out and went to forward position at Merricourt.
  • July 19th – Cpl Green left battery for Commission.
  • July 30th – Cpl Leonard and four men gassed at forward position.
  • August 3rd – Pulled out of forward positions at Merricourt.
  • August 4th – reached Battery positions near front line.
  • August 4th – appointed to Acting Battery Sergeant Major (BSM) on BSM Davies leaving battery.
  • August 8th – Push started. The following moves took place between 8th Aug and 20th Sept. Battery positions as follows:
    • 1. Vaux Sur Somme
    • 2. Sailly Le Sec
    • 3. Sailly Laurette
    • 4. Chiphilly
    • 5. Etinehem
    • 6. Bray Sur Somme
    • 7. Suzanne
    • 8. Hem Monacu
    • 9. Clery sur Somme
    • 10. Mout St Quintin
    • 11. Bussu
    • 12. Doingt
    • 13. Buire
    • 14. Tincourt
    • 15. Marquaix
    • 16. Avallette (not found)
    • 17. Roibel
    • 18. Hargicourt.
  • Sept 20th – Wounded on left forearm, leg and right hand at Hargicourt.
  • Sept 21st - Arrived at No 10 General hospital at Rouen.
  • Sept 26th – draft to No 2 [unreadable]
  • Nov 11th – Armistice Signed. (The battery continue moving forwards until the ceasefire on 11th November 1918.)
  • Dec 2nd – Left Con Camp Rouen for the base at Le Havre.
  • Dec 27th – Fourteen days leave to Blighty.
  • Feb 27th – Demob at Fovant. (Salisbury, Wiltshire)

    Bob Francis

  • 1206084

    2nd Lt. Archie Maynard Brown 126th Heavy Battery Royal Garrison Artillery (d.6th Apr 1918)

    Archie Brown joined the war as a Bombardier in the 126th Heavy Battery of the Royal Garrison Artillery. He was promoted to 2nd Lieutenant in the field in 1916.The same year his brother Victor Brown was killed in Northern France while serving with the 46th battalion of the Saskatchewan Regiment in the Canadian army.

    Archie was killed on the 6th April 1918 in a heavy German artillery attack on British units in the area. He was one of six officers in the battery and was buried in Heudeville Communal cemetery, in France. He had been awarded 3 medals, all of which were lost in time. He was the husband of Gertrude Mary Brown, of 23, Patrick St., Limerick.

    A Brown


    AM3. Henry Aiken attd. 67th Bde. Royal Garrison Artillery (d.5th Nov 1918)

    Harry Aikin died of influenza on the 5th of Novemeber 1918, aged 21 and is buried in the Etaples Military Cemetery in France. He was the son of Charlie and Ellen Aikin, of 104 Burnley Rd., Accrington, Lancs.

    s flynn


    David Mitchell Ramsay 2nd Siege Battery Royal Garrison Artillery

    In the photo David Ramsay is in the front row, sitting 3rd from the left.

    Linda Rooke


    BQMS. James Burke DCM. 14th Siege Battery Royal Garrison Artillery

    My great grandfather James Burke served in WW1 with the Royal Garrison Artillery (Liscard, Cheshire). He fought under the 14th Siege Battery. He received the DCM for his gallantry during heavy gas concentrations in the Nieppe Forest during May & June 1918 and for keeping his men motivated to keep going under very trying conditions. He died in February 1959.



    Pte. Frank George Alexander Signals Sub Section Royal Engineers (d.21st Nov 1918)

    Private Alexander – RGA and Royal Engineers domiciled at 14 Castle Street East, Banbury has died in the Number 9 General Hospital (Lakeside USA) Rouen, France. He was working as a butcher before the war, again probably at his Uncles shop in Warwick Road. No records exist save for a couple of postcards and the existence of a photograph of his memorial at Rouen, Northern France taken by a relative before the stone grave markers were erected.

    249631 Private Frank George Alexander served with the Royal Garrison Artillery and the Royal Engineers during WW1 and died on the 21st November 1918, aged 26, in hospital at Rouen. He is buried in St Sever Cemetery Extension, Rouen, France. He was the son of Mrs. Ada Makepeace, of 15, Castle St. East, Banbury, Oxon.

    He was serving with the Royal Engineers Signals Sub Section possibly attached to the headquarters of 41st Brigade RFA part of 2nd Division Troops. Alternatively if initial reference to RGA is correct then it was likely to have been 41st Siege Battery RGA as the Brigade and Battery names were interchanged during the course of WW1.


    Sgt. Thomas Walter Henry Field 137th Heavy Battery Royal Garrison Artillery (d.19th Sep 1917)

    Thomas Field was killed in action on the 19th of September 1917, aged 25. Buried in the Barlin Communal Cemetery Extension in France, he was the son of Mr. and Mrs. Benjamin Ernest Field, of Plymouth, husband of Stephanie Grace Field, of Cricketers Cottage, Littlewick Green, nr. Maidenhead, Berks Thomas died when his oldest son Cecil Thomas Field was just 2 years old, and before his second son Thomas Walter Douglas Field was born, so his family never knew him.

    s flynn


    BSM. George Henry Archer 147th Siege Battery Royal Garrison Artillery (d.7th July 1917)

    Geroge Archer was killed in action on the 7th of July 1917, aged 30. Buried in the Barlin Communal Cemetery Extension in France, he was the son of Mr. and Mrs. Archer, of Kent, husband of Mrs. E. B. Archer, of 23 Fredrick St., Neyland, Pembrokeshire.

    s flynn


    Gunner Harry Dunwell Royal Garrison Artillery (d.12th November 1918)

    Harry Dunwell died on 12th November 1918 age 32and is buried in the Alexandria (Hadra) War Memorial Cemetery in Egypt. He lived at 15 Walverden Road, Briercliffe and was the Husband of Annie Dunwell.

    s flynn


    Bombdr. Harold "Nutty" Turner 190th Brigade Royal Garrison Artillery

    Harold Turner was featured in the Wandsworth newspaper with troops leaving for France. He took his clarinet with him and was playing it awaiting departure.


    Pte. Christopher Walsh 18th Royal Garrison Artillery

    My grandfather, Christopher and his brother Martin Walsh, signed up for service in Dublin, Ireland. Both boys grew up without a father, who went to America, and my great grandmother, Mary Walsh put them in a boys' home. Christopher received a wound in the left arm and my mother recalls the little bullet hole there. My mother said that her father rarely talked about the war but tried to enlist again in the Pioneer Corps in 1941.

    Patricia Earls


    Gnr. Archibald James Hunter 181st Seige Bty. Royal Garrison Artillery (d.7th June 1917 )

    Archibald James Hunter died from wounds on 7th June 1917 and was buried in the Lijssenthoek Military Cemetery in Poperinge. He was 29 years old. His wife was Margaret McNeill Duncan and he had a daughter, Mary McNeill Hunter (born 24 Sept 1912), and a son, John Hunter (born 14 March 1915).


    Gnr. Stanley Mostyn Mathias 48th Heavy Battery Royal Garrison Artillery (d.25th Dec 1915)

    Stan Mathias died at Mont St Eloi aged 19 and is buried at Louvencourt Cemetery.

    Audrie Mills


    Sgt. Ernest William Snell 5th Siege Bty. Royal Garrison Artillery

    Ernest Snell was my grandfather.



    Gnr/Bombdr James Henry Dorrell 32nd Siege Battery Royal Garrison Artillery

    James Dorrell was born in 1884 in Homerton, London. He joined the Garrison Artillery in 1904 and served in Belfast until late 1911. James then transferred to B Reserves on his marriage and moved to Stanley, County Durham, where he worked at the West Stanley coal mine until recalled in 1914. His former unit 15th Company was remustered and became numbers 31 and 32 Siege Batteries. Jim was in No 32 and went to France on 1st October 1915. He served at Kemmel, Ypres and on the Somme. James was taken prisoner on 30th November 1917 during the German counter-attack at Vellers-Guislain during the Battle of Cambrai. He arrived at Munster II POW Camp on 22nd January 1918. James returned to Stanley after the war and later moved to Southend on Sea in Essex. He died in 1975.

    Paul Dorrell


    Gnr. Frederick Dacre 202nd Siege Battery Royal Garrison Artillery (d.20th April 1918)

    Fred Dacre was the second of 7 children born in 1891 to John & Mary Jane Dacre. In the 1900s the family moved from Old Farm, Lower Holker, Cartmel, where John had worked as a farm labourer, to Barnoldswick, a rapidly growing cotton town in search of work in the mills for their children. Fred became a weaver working for H Pickles and Bros at Long Ing Mill. In 1909 at the age of 17 he volunteered as a part-time recruit in the new Territorial Force established to defend the UK in case the Regular Army became involved in a European war. He attested to serve for 4 years in the Territorial Army (6th West Riding Regiment).

    After his marriage to Mary Emma Dodgson in January 1912 he continued to work as a weaver. However, instead of volunteering to join the army at the outbreak of war, he became a policeman with the City of Liverpool Constabulary. Though in an exempted occupation, he joined the Royal Garrison Artillery. He served as a gunner in the 202nd Siege Battery for 6 months before he was killed on 20th April 1918 during the German Spring Offensive on the Somme. He is buried in La Neuville British Cemetery, Corbie, the site of a Casualty Clearing Station.

    In the In Memoriam column of the Craven Herald of April 1920 Mary Emma Dacre continued to grieve:- Two years have passed since they laid you to rest. In a grave I may never see; But while my life and memory last I will remember thee.

    The inscription on his gravestone, chosen by his widow, reads Ever true. Waiting for you

    Poignantly, Fred had not long to wait, as Mary Emma died at Morton Sanatorium near Keighley, probably of TB, on 21st March 1921.

    Fred Dacre's story in a sense illustrates the patriotic attitudes of the time coupled with the wish to escape the humdrum life of the weaver, first joining the Territorials, then serving as a police constable before enlisting as a gunner. Yet it also serves to emphasize the tragic impact that the loss of every soldier had on every family. Did Mary Emma indeed die of a broken heart?

    Fred Dacre's Grave, La Neuville Cemetery, Corbie

    Ken Wilkinson


    Gunner James McGuigan 258th Siege Battery Royal Garrison Artillery

    My father, Gunner James McGuigan 49090, served in the Royal Garrison Artillery. During 1914/15 he was in Turkey and then served in Europe. On 05/10/1918 he was admitted to No. 34 Casualty Clearing Station, Ailment - Gassed, shell (mixed), with the following comments: Transferred to Sick Convoy 06/10/1918, 2nd. New Zealand Field Ambulance, No. 11 Ambulance Train. He suffered from the effects of Gas poisoning until his death 48 years later in 1963.

    Terry McGuigan


    Gunner William James Williams 153 Siege Battery Royal Garrison Artillery (d.16 September 1917)

    This is my grandfather, who, having been born in 1950, I sadly never knew. Tragically his widow, Rosa, my grandmother, was left alone with three young children and had to raise them on her small earnings as a seamstress. My grandfather died in a field hospital in Belgium. I plan to visit his grave in Belgium, hopefully, before I am much older.

    Rosa died when I was about six years old and I never learnt anything about my grandfather from her although my mother said that Rosa had admired William in his blue uniform.

    I have been unable to find out much about the 153rd. Siege Battery, for instance the guns they had. Als,o I have never seen a picture of my grandfather, perhaps there is a regimental photograph that a reader of this may have.


    A/Cpl. Fred Chilmaid MM. 283rd Siege Battery Royal Garrison Artillery Royal Garrison Artill

    Fred Chilmaid served with 283rd Siege Battery, RGA.

    Robert Chilmaid


    Gunner Harry Cecil Ford 230th Siege Battery Royal Garrison Artillery (d.23th August 1917)

    In WW1, Harry Cecil Ford was a gunner, Army number 157389, with the 230th Siege Battery, 4th Army, Royal Garrison Artillery, having enlisted at Lewisham, Kent.

    He died on Thursday 23rd August 1917, and was buried at: Perth Cemetery (China Wall), Leper, West Vlaanderen, Belgium, Grave 11. C. 10/11

    Detail from War Diary WO 95/476 12 July 17 to 5 Sept 17:

    23.8.1917. Bty position at Zillebeke (Having come from rest Billets near Dickebusch on the 8.Aug). Time 2.40pm. A 5.9 Howitzer apparently registering on the Battery Command-Post House- the shell fell a little short. 3 men killed and 1 wounded. The other two men killed with 157389 Ford were 15697 Pigrem and 101954 Cottingham.

    Nick Ford


    gunner Herber Henry "Bert" York 181 Battery RGA

    H H York enlisted in 1915 as H H York, but birth certificate states W H York, with his brother C York in the RGA 181 Heavy Battery. He served in Salonika and Palestine.

    Ivon York


    Gnr. Stanley Mostyn Mathias 48th Heavy Battery Royal Garrison Artillery (d.25th December 1914)

    Stanley Mathias volunteered for the Army in August 1914. After his initial training as a gunner he joined the 48th Heavy Battery in France. In December 1915 he was stationed at Mont St Eloi, Le Basset.

    His team mates were:

    • Bert Dolly and
    • Joseph Anderson.

    At Mont St Eloi most of the movement and maintenance of equipment and guns took place at night owing to the accuracy of sniper activity during the daylight hours. On Christmas Day 1915 Stan and Joseph went to a barn to catch up on their sleep; later in the morning a German bombardment began and Bert Dolly left the cellar he was sheltering in and ran to the barn to waken his mates. He arrived at the same time as a shell that hit the barn and all three men were mortally wounded. They were taken to Louvencourt Field Hospital where Stan and Bert died Christmas Day and Joseph died 2days later.

    All three are buried in Louvencourt Cemetary: Grave24:Herbert Dolly; Grave 25: Stanley Mathias; Grave 26: Joseph Anderson.

    They served together in life and lie together in death.

    Audrie Mills


    Gnr. William Wright McLennan MM 2nd Siege Bty. Royal Garrison Artillery

    My father enlisted at Edinburgh on 17th September 1903 for the Royal Garrison Artillery. He disembarked to France on 17th September 1914 with the 2nd Siege Battery. He was engaged in the Battle of the Marne, for which he received the Mons Star. Reference: the London Gazette dated 12th September 1916, page 9003, states he was awarded the Military Medal for firing an ammunition store to atoms. (Reference Edinburgh Bulitin dated October 1916.) I believe he was part of the 85th mobile Battery from 1916 to the end of the war.


    Sgt. Albert Hicks MM. 39th Battery

    My Grandad Albert Hicks got to France just in time for the battle of Le Cateau with 39th Battery, XIV Brigade and the retreat to the Marne. He then fought his way back up to the Aisne. Later he transferred to Howitzers in 460th Heavy Battery and joined the 29th Division to fight in the Dardanelles. Then returned to finish his time on the Western Front.

    At the end of the war, he seems to have spent some time in Eastern command (the MOD will not release this part of his records yet), and it was during this time that he won the Military Medal.

    Gary Hicks


    Gnr. Edward Lally 257th Seige Bty. Royal Garrison Artillery (d.29th November 1918)

    Gunner Lally was my mother's uncle. He died in the UK at Eccelston Hall Sanitorium of an unknown cause.

    Peter Laughton


    Gnr/Drvr H. H. York 181 Heavy Bty. Royal Garrison Artillery

    Father joined as H H York but his birth certificate states his name as W H York.

    I J York


    Gnr. John Edward Hughes 155th Heavy Bty Royal Garrison Artillery (d.2nd Nov 1917)

    John Hughes was the son of the late Mr E Hughes of Post Office Lane, Denbigh.

    Richard Roberts


    Gunner Howell Tudor Hughes 245th Siege Bty. Royal Garrison Artillery (d.14th Oct 1917)

    Howell Hughes was the son of John Thomas and Leah Hughes of Bronallt, Vale Street, Denbigh.

    Richard Roberts


    Gnr. David Charles Davies 210th Siege Bty. Royal Garrison Artillery (d.5th April 1918)

    David Charles Davies, son of David and Susannah Davies, 12 Bridge Street, Denbigh.

    Richard Roberts


    Gnr. Thomas Hambridge 99 Company Royal Garrison Artillery

    Thomas Hambridge was born on 24th March 1888 in Braunston, Northamptonsire. His parents were Thomas Hambridge and Eliza Cole. Thomas was married in 1910 to Mary Ann Grantham. Prior to enlisting, Thomas worked as a coal and timber merchant in Fisher Row, Oxford. He enlisted on 3rd June 1916 in Oxford, possibly with a family friend, Abel Beechey.

    Thomas was posted to Malta with the 99 Company RGA in 1917. He survived the war and was demobilised in 1919, after serving in both India and South Africa.

    Andy Beechey


    Gnr. Harry Leese 297 Siege Bty. Royal Garrison Artillery (d.26th March 1918)

    Harry Leese is buried in Duisans British Cemetery at Etrun, 9k west of Arras.

    L. Wood


    Gnr. Thomas Ebenezer Coram 29th Siege Bty. Royal Garrison Artillery (d.1st Dec 1918)

    Thomas Coram was the son of Ebenezer and Annie Jayne (nee Bryant). He was born in Bristol in October 1883 and worked as a Warehouseman. Died in No. 8 Casualty Clearing Station and is buried in Tourcoing Communal Cemetery.



    Gnr. Arthur John Bicknell 51st Seige Battery Royal Garrison Artilley (d.30th Sep 1916)

    I am just at the beginning of finding out about my great grand father, Arthur Bicknell but I know he died when my grandmother was only three years old and that he was buried in the Bernafay Wood British Cemetery, Somme, France. He is also commemorated on the All Saints Church War Memorial Warwick and the All Saints School Roll of Honour, Warwick.

    Sue Kyle-Ferguson


    Gnr. Joseph Oswald Leete 38th Siege Battery Royal Garrison Artillery (d.30th Nov 1917)

    Joseph Leete was born at Docking, Norfolk on the 28th of October 1893 and was baptised at North Creake, Norfolk on the 10th of December. In the 1901 census he is resident in family home at 4 Room House, Burnham Road, North Creake, age 7. Also resident are his Parents Tempest & Minnie; Brothers: Ernest (17); Albert Edward (10); George William (2); Sisters: Rosanna (13); Daisy (5) In 1911 he is resident in family home still at ‘4 Room House’, Burnham Road, North Creake. Aged 17 and an unmarried farm labourer. Also resident: Father: Tempest Simeon Leete, Farm Labourer (born in Thorpe, Norwich, in 1861. Married 28 years. 11 children, of which 7 were surviving in 1911. He died in 1933); Mother: Minnie Leete (nee Grimes; Born Fakenham, Norfolk 1864. She died in 1937); sister: Daisy (15); Brothers: George William (12); Frederick Arthur (8. He died in 1943.)

    On the 16th of December 1915 38th Siege Battery, Royal Garrison Artillery, embarked for Egypt, equipped with four 6” howitzers. and arrived on the 29th Joseph Leete being with them. On the 30th of March 1916 38th Siege Battery arrived in France to join the BEF.

    On the 30th of November 1917 the Germans counterattacked in the aftermath of the British offensive at Cambrai, pushing back the British infantry to the gun line. Unable to withdraw the guns in time, many were disabled by removing their breech blocks which were then buried. The crews joined the fight as infantry. Among these was 53193 Acting BQMS Tom Cordingley, from Irlam, Manchester, who helped hold back the advancing Germans with rifle fire. He received the Distinguished Conduct Medal for the action. Joseph Leete was one of the artillerymen killed on that day. His body was not identified and he has no known grave. He is commemorated on the Cambrai and North Creake Memorials. He was aged 24.

    Nick Forder


    Maj. Cyril H.R. Scholefield CDG 69th Siege Battery Royal Garrison Artillery (d.28th March 1918)

    Major Cyril Scholefield fell at Vimy Ridge, 28th of March, 1918, aged 22 years. He received the Croix de Guerre with palm and was made Chevalier de l’Ordre de la Couronne.

    s flynn


    Gnr. Sidney Jackson Legge 8th Seige Battery Royal Garrison Artillery

    Sidney Legge served with the 8th Seige Battery, Royal Garrison Artillery.


    Gnr. Thomas Timms 58th Siege Battery Royal Garrison Artilery (d.30th March 1917)

    Thomas Timms served as a Gunner with 58th Seige Battery and died on the 30th of March 1917 aged 26.

    David Harvey


    Gnr. Edward "Big Ned" Byrne 108 Heavy Battery Royal Garrison Artillery

    Edward Byrne was my grandfather, he served with 108 Heavy Battery, RGA.

    Edward Byrne


    George Edward Moore 174 Siege Bty. Royal Garrison Artillery

    My grandfather George Edward Charles Moore was part of 174 Siege Battery. He seems to have joined up in 1916 when the government enlisted married men into the war effort. I have found a medal record card for him, but no enlistment documents. He survived the war with shrapnel wounds.

    D Moore


    Gnr. Arthur John Alexander 83rd Siege Battery Royal Garrison Artillery (d.22nd March 1918)

    Arthur Alexander was my great uncle. He served with 83rd Siege Battery, Royal Garrison Artillery

    Roger Elmitt


    RSM. John Henry James Oatley MM. 16 Siege Bty. Royal Garrison Artillery

    John Oatley (my maternal grandfather) joined the Army on short service on 8th July 1894 at the age of 18 years and 5 months. He was given the service number 5052 and joined the 5th Btn. Royal Fusiliers. After serving in the Boer war, he then served in WW1 rising up through the ranks and was discharged in Bermuda on 17th December 1920 with the rank of Warrant Officer Class 2, Battery Sgt Major.

    He was mentioned in dispatches three times: 10th September 1901, 16th August 1914 awarded the French Medaille Militaire for bravery and also on 14th December 1917. I am trying to find out what was the brave action.

    Derek Paul


    A/Maj. Cyril Hamilton Reid Scholefield CdG. 69 Siege Battery Royal Garrison Artillery (d.28th March 1918)

    My great uncle, Cyril Scholefield, was born on 12 April 1895. He studied at King William College, Isle of Man, from the age of 13 and then went to Woolwich. He was friends with Maurice Rogers at Woolwich - I have photos of groups of men at Woolwich, bridge building etc. In July 1914 he went to Gibraltar for a year.

    At the end of 1915 he went to train under Major Christian with 91 Siege Battery. In 1917 he was exchanged to 69 Siege Battery - a move that disappointed him as he had become close to Major Christian and 91 Siege Battery. He was made Battery Commander Acting Major. He was awarded the Croix de Guerr and made Chevalier de l'Ordre de l'Honneur. He died at Vimy Ridge on 28th March 1918 when a shell hit the hut he and Captain Howard were resting in.

    Amanda Stuart


    Cpl. John Frederick Pascoe MID. 211th Siege Battery Royal Garrison Artillery

    My grandfather John Pascoe was a tin miner and so was exempt from Military Service in the 1st World War. Unfortunately, whilst drinking in his local pub, he was persuaded by a recruiting sergeant to volunteer. His training took place at St. Mawes Castle in Falmouth from where he was sent to join the 211th Siege Battery, Royal Garrison Artillery.

    Jack was wounded at the Battle of the Somme when his gun battery was over-run by the Germans and although he was wounded in the thigh he managed to carry the Chaplain, who was also wounded, to safety. For this he was mentioned in despatches. He got a certificate from Winston Churchill and also two weeks loss of wages for not carrying the chaplain to the nearest medical station (because he thought the Germans were going to overrun it). The wounded chaplain also survived and after the war he came to visit my grandfather once every year until my grandfather, who had gone back to mining, died from silicosis at the age of 61. The chaplain told my grandmother he believed that if my grandfather had been an officer he would have received the Victoria Cross.

    Peter Soloman


    Gnr. Arthur Hackett 142nd (Durham) Heavy Battery Royal Garrison Artillery

    Arthur Hackett was one of five sons of Arthur & Alice (née Trickett) Hackett of Shenstone, Staffordshire.

    s flynn


    Capt. Edward Neuville daCosta-Andrade MID. Royal Garrison Artillery

    At the outbreak of war in 1914, Edward daCosta-Andrade was commissioned as an artillery officer. He served on the French front from 1915 to 1917, first with a battery of 60-pounders and later with a group of counter-batteries on the Arras salient, where with Lawrence Bragg and others the exact position of the enemy's guns was tracked down with ingenious apparatus. He rose to the rank of captain, and was mentioned in dispatches; he was injured when a shell burst prematurely in a battery gun, and later when a sudden burst of gunfire caused a horse to shy and roll on him. In 1917 he returned to England to work for the Ministry of Munitions on explosives.

    Eric Mouillefarine


    Gnr. Albert Henry Ashurst 76th Siege Bty. Royal Garrison Artillery (d.5th Nov 1917)

    Albert Henry Ashurst served with 76th Siege Battery, Royal Garrison Artillery, he was 25 years old.

    Paul Kent


    Gnr. Robert Dewhurst 2nd Siege Battery Royal Garrison Artillery (d.11th Feb 1915)

    Bob Dewhurst was my Grandmother's first husband and he died in WW1. He was born and brought up in Bamber Bridge in Lancashire which in those days was a very small village South of Preston. He had two daughters, Nellie and Margaret, and a son, James. His wife remarried and had another 3 daughters Marie, Jane and Joan. He is buried in the Merville Communal Cemetery in France.

    Mike Prater


    Cpl. Thomas Brown 138th Siege Bty. Royal Garrison Artillery (d.18th Sep 1918)

    My relative Thomas Brown served as a corporal with 138th Siege Battery, Royal Garrison Artillery. He was killed in action and is buried in Sarigol Military Cemetery, Kritston, Thessaloniki, Greece. He was 38 years old. Any information would be much appreciated.



    Gnr. Ernest Robert Allen Royal Garrison Artillery

    My nan's brother Ernest Allen served in World War 1, he was a gunner. He was discharged in November 1918 with shell shock. He lived with his sister Harriet at 2 Alma Road, Bethnal Green, Middlesex.

    Patricia Tims


    Cpl. Albert Dancer Royal Garrison Artillery

    Albert Dancer became the second husband of my great grandmother, or Nan, as we called her. I never met him, although my mother remembers him as a jovial and friendly man. Albert was born in Wolverhampton in 1881, eldest son of Samuel and Elizabeth Dancer. He married in 1910 but my family never knew his first wife. He was relatively old to join up during the war, being in his mid-thirties, but he served in the RGA and reached the rank of acting-sergeant by the war's end.

    After the Second World War he met my Nan, whose own first husband (my great grandfather) had died fairly young. They lived a very happy life together and Albert involved himself actively in amateur dramatics. He passed away in 1967.

    Unfortunately, we know almost nothing of Albert's service in the Great War. Being in the RGA makes it very difficult to research his unit and we have no records of where he served. My family do, however, have his war medals which help us to remember the man who shared the last 20 years of his life with Nan.

    Albert Dancer

    Matthew Hall


    Gnr. Rennie Dixon 153rd Btn. Royal Garrison Artillery (d.17th June 1918)

    Rennie Dixon died on the 17th of June 1918 age 23 and is buried in the Mikra British Cemetery, Kalameria, Greece. He was the son of Joseph Dixon of 3 Reedley Rd., Reedley, Burnley

    s flynn


    Gnr. Jack Herbert Mugford 122nd Anti-Aircraft Section Royal Garrison Artillery (d.3rd July 1918)

    Jack Mugford died on the 3rd of July 1918, aged 23 and is buried in the Cairo War Memorial Cemetery, Cairo, Egypt. He was the son of Helena Phoebe Mugford of 44 Stanger Rd., Norwood, London and the late John Hearn Searle Mugford.

    s flynn


    James Stewart 12th Heavy Battery Royal Garrison Artillery (d.12th July 1917)

    My Great Uncle James Stewart was killed in action at Ypres on the 12th of July 1917 whilst serving with the 12th Heavy Battery, Royal Garrison Artillery.

    Tim Stewart


    Pte. Alfred Woodworth Royal Garrison Artillery

    Alfred Woodworth, brother of Arthur and William was born in Shepton Mallet in 1893 and moved to Bristol with his family in 1899. As a youngster he had joined the 6th Battalion Gloucester Territorials and was at summer camp in Swanage in 1910. However at 17 he joined the Merchant Navy, firstly sailing on the SS Clio, a Dutch freighter out of Rotterdam and then on the SS Mary Anne. A story he later told to his daughter was of the time that a voyage was diverted and set sail to look for survivors of the Titanic disaster in 1912. A year later, Alfred was working on the Elders and Fyffe’s “Banana Boats” between Avonmouth and Jamaica. They also delivered mail and carried passengers. Alfred sent back many post cards to his mother Eliza Woodworth detailing his travels to Jamaica, Egypt, Canada, South Africa, Ireland, Jordan and Jerusalem. He also collected a number of tattoos! A post card from Canada reported “rough seas all the way”

    In 1915 at 21 years of age, height 5ft 7” and a girth of thirty six and a half inches, Alfred enlisted to the Army Reserve as a Private. His occupation was given as a Steam Wagon Driver, as he had been working for builders and Government contractors 'Wort and Way' of Salisbury. Eight months later after training he was mobilised as a Gunner in the Heavy and Siege Royal Garrison Artillery. The RGA fired the most powerful guns in the British Army.

    On leave in 1916 Alfred married my Grand Mother Gladys Evelyn Beeston in Long Eaton, Derbyshire and Gladys then moved to the Woodworth family home in Stacey Street, Bedminster in Bristol. After the marriage Alfred was posted with a Mountain Battery to fight against the Bulgarians in the campaign in Salonika. While he was there he contracted malaria. He also got fined 15 day’s pay and was strapped to the gun barrel for being drunk on duty!

    At the beginning of 1918 the Allied troops were prepared for a major offensive intended to end the war in the Balkans. Just before the Armistice Alfred was involved in the Palestine campaign He also later saw action in Alexandra in 1919 where by the end of the first world war the Egyptian people had demanded their independence from Britain. He left there for Dover on the 3rd September 1919 and requested to leave the army. He demobilised on the 27th September 1919 and his discharge character included temperate, sobriety, reliable and intelligent! He was awarded the Victory and British War medals.

    I was only 5 when Grand Dad passed away but I know he did struggle after the 1st World War and reportedly drank a lot. He worked hard all his life and said little about his war time experiences and he had very little to do with his two brothers Arthur and William.

    Simon Bennett


    Sig. Arthur Laws 200th Siege Battery Royal Garrison Artillery (d.7th Oct 1918)

    Arthur Laws was my Great Uncle. He was married in March 1918 and died in action the following October in France aged 26. I am currently researching further details.

    Tony Fletcher


    Sgt. Philip Brick DCM 39th Siege Battery Royal Garrison Artillery

    Philip Brick was my grandfather of whom I am very proud. He was born 16 December 1893 at Cravens Arms Shropshire England, the fourth of five children and second son of Edward Brick and Priscilla Evans. His father was a farmer and to supplement the family’s income, worked as a platelayer on the railways.

    At the outbreak of World War 1, Philip answered the call to fight for his country. According to his military record he enlisted as a Bombadier in the 39th Siege Battery of the Royal Garrison Artillery on 2 December 1915 and was sent to Sheerness Kent for training. On his enlistment he was living at 104 Grey Street Bootle, Lancashire, he being 21 years and 330 days of age and 5ft 6¾ in tall and his occupation was a clerk.

    Philip went to France and Belgium and was awarded the Distinguished Conduct Medal for his actions on 13 October 1916 at Butte de Warlencourt France, as it states in the London Gazette, "For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty. He performed most valuable services under very heavy fire and by his courage and coolness set a splendid example to all."

    He was promoted to Sergeant on the 7th of May 1917. It was around this time he was severely wounded, a fractured right tibia and fibula and from his discharge papers dated 31 May 1919 from the Royal Chelsea Hospital, it states "that as from 18 February 1919 he will receive a sum of 6d a day for as long as." After being wounded, Philip was sent to Rubery Hospital Birmingham to recover from his injuries and it was here he met a nurse Sarah (Ducie), who would later become his wife. Sarah was serving in Queen Alexandra’s Imperial Nursing Service.

    Sarah Duncan (Ducie) Miller was born December 1890 in Toronto Ontario Canada, the eldest daughter of Alexander Getty Miller and Rachel Fleming both born in Antrim, Ireland. They married in Antrim Ireland on 22 January 1919. After they married the couple moved to Llandrindod Wells Radnorshire Wales and shared a house with Philip’s parents, Edward and Priscilla. There were three daughters born between 1920 and 1923. With their three daughters, Philip and Ducie decided to migrate to a new life in a new country, Australia. They boarded the ship Orama at Southampton on 5 March 1927 and arrived in Sydney on 13 April 1927. In 1933 Philip bought a small farm of 5 acres at St Marys NSW and a son was born soon after to complete their family. It was a small poultry farm with about 900 chickens, a couple of cows, and a horse. As the years passed Philip's health became progressively worse, caused mainly through his war injuries, and Ducie nursed him for many years until he passed away on 21 November 1938 aged just 45 years. Both Philip and Ducie are buried in St Mary’s Cemetery, Ducie passing away 14 September 1954.

    Ducie Hood


    Sgt. W. Westby 150th (Rotherham) Heavy Battery Royal Garrison Artillery

    Seargeant W. Westby (150th R.G.A.), whose home is in Warwick Street, Rotherham, sends us the following interesting record of the 150th (Rotherham) Heavy Battery since it's formation up to the present time, when it is keeping watch on the Rhine. He writes:

    It is now possible to give a short review of the part which both the 150th (Rotherham) Heavy Battery played in the war. For nearly two and a half years the battery was fighting on the Western front, taking part in most of the big battles during that time, including the last gigantic offensive by General Sir Herbert Plumer's Army, which immediately preceded the signing ot the Armistace. The Battery has, at different periods, served in all five Armies which constituted the British Expeditionary Force, and except for that short portion of the line between Arras and Baupaume, has been in action in all sectors between the Belgians in the North and the French on the South.

    It will be recalled that the unit was formed in October 1915, and in its ranks were some of the finest young fellows the town could give. After a period of some seven months training the Battery was sent to France in the middle of June 1916. After spending about six weeks in what was, at the time, a rather quiet part of the line (in front of the Messiness Ridge), they entrained for the Somme, which was the begining of a long period of real hardship and continuous fighting.

    Looking back to the days spent in that vast wilderness of death and desolation, it seems almost a miracle that so many men were spared. Delville Wood, Montaubau, and High Wood will always remain grim memories to those who were there. The Battery was never out of the fighting zone from the day it came into action at Mametz for the Somme offensive in July 1916, till the great German attack in March, 1918. When the unit came out it was equipped with four guns, but at High Wood another section was added, making six guns.

    When the Germans retired on the Hindenburg line the 150 "Heavies" followed them up through Perenne to Nurin and Revelon, harassing the enemy day and night, and assisting the capture of Trescault, Beaucamp, Gouzeacourt, Villers Guislain, and Gennelieu. The summer months were spent in the area, being engaged chiefly in counter battery work and "sniping" at the traffic and other targets visible from the O.P.

    In September 1917, the Battery moved to the Ypres salient to take part in the offensive which was in progress there. No one who was present during the attack on Passchendaele Ridge, which lasted until December 1917, will ever forget the unexampled sacrifices and the trying ordeals that befel the fighting forces on those stricken Flanders plains. The very mention of such places as St. Julien, Poelcapielle, Kitchener's Wood, Zonnebeke, and many others will instantly conjure up in the minds of those men scenes of the greatest heroism. The conditions were appalling, but they revealed a spirit of comradeship between the men that was both wonderful and inspiring. Never were men called upon to undergo greater hardships and never was the call of duty more nobly answered.

    The more or less quiet but anxious period from the begining of January to the opening of the Boche offensive in March, 1918, was spent near the famous "Hell Fire Corner" at Ypres.

    On 22nd March, 1918, the guns were pulled out of the Ypres area and tracks were made for the Somme once more. As the Hun offensive was being gradually held up, however, the Battery were kept in reserve in the Lens area, and so remaind till the enemy onslaught in the valley of the Lys.

    The Battery came into action again at Mount Bernenchon on the 10th April, 1918, and spent a very exciting week. With practically no infantry in front, the artillery had to fall back. Teams were standing by ready harnessed, and on the order of limber-up the guns would withdraw to another position in the rear, drop their trails, and re-commence firing. Then the order to limber-up would come again, and the process would be repeated. This sort of thing went on for some days until the enemy was held.

    The period which followed these latter events, up to the begining of the fourth and final battle of Ypres, was compaitively un eventful. Bursts of fire at irregular intervals were kept up night and day on the enemy's roads and communications, and this was one of the chief factors in the withdrawal from the Bethune area back to the Aubers ridge.

    The only disagreeable part of this period was that the Battery became "marked" by a German counter-battery group, and was repeatedly subjected to terrific bombardments lasting sometimes nearly 24 hours. Fortunately the guns were scattered, and, when these hurricane bursts were on, there were usually one or two guns which could carry on retaliatory fire.

    On the 28th September, 1918, the Battery, having travelled north again to take part in the last big offensive, came into action at Belgian Battery Corner (immediately behind Ypres), and from that date until the Armistace was signed was one long series of successes and conquest advances.

    The Battery, which is now considerably depleted in numbers owing to the large number of miners being demobilised, is at Sehlebusch, Germany a few miles east of Cologne, ready for all emergencies. Nevertheless, it is the ardent hope of everyone that the guns have boomed their last.

    To merely say that the number of rounds fired by the Battery was 110,426 will convey little to people who have not had experience in the serving of heavy guns; but when it is remembered that each shell had to be handled many times before actually fired, some idea of the vast amount of labour entailed will be apparent to all.

    Considering the lengthy time in the fighting zone, the casualties have been surprisingly few. Twenty three men have been killed or have died of wounds, and 65 men have more or less seriously wounded. In addition, however, at least another dozen men who first came to France with the Battery have been killed whist serving in other units.

    Though, happily, quite a good percentage of the original men of the unit still remain, all the officers who were with the Battery at Rotherham have gone. Major Grepe was succeeded by Major Weatherhead who, during 18 months he was commanding the Battery, was held in the highest esteem by all ranks. Since December 1917, the unit has been grouped under the 10th Brigade R. G. A., under Colonel a.S. P. McGhee. Major B. Lamb who was the O. C. from March to November, 1918, will long be remembered for the kindly interest he took in the men and his thoughtfulness and consideration in all matters affecting their welfare and safety. For a short period after the signing of the Armistace Captain W. W. Bentley was in command, and at the moment Captain W. F. Towson, who joined the Battery in France in 1916, is the O. C. Captain H. P. Dick, who joined the Battery at Rotherham, remained with the unit throughout the period of action, but was transferred in November to the G. H. Q. Training Centre.

    Appended are detailed particulars of the Battery's movements and activities on the Western front:

    • Landed in France 17th June 1916.
    • Opened fire at Neuve Eglise, 29th June, 1916.
    • oved to Rouge de Bout (Laventie), and opened fire on 18th July, 1916.
    • Returned to Neuve Eglise and thense to Petite Pont, 24th July, 1916.
    • Entrained for the Somme on 2nd August, and came into action at Mametz, 8th August, 1916.
    • Advanced to Montaubau, 12th September, 1916 and then to Delville Wood. In 24 hours at Montaubau 1206 rounds were fired.
    • Moved to High Wood, after being shelled out of Delville Wood, 3rd November, 1916.
    • Withdrawn on 2nd December, 1916, to Franvillers, and came into action again at Le Forest, 9th December, 1916.
    • Pulled out from Le Forest on 13th March, 1917, and moved to Foiles.
    • Came into action 15th March, 1917.
    • German retreat to Hindenburg line. The Battery moved to Bray sur Somme, 18th March, 1917; Suzanne 20th March; Combles, 24th March; Clery, 29th March; Nurlu, 30th March; and came into action at Equancourt 2nd April, 1917.
    • Moved to Railton, 6th April, 1917.
    • Advanced to Villers Guislain, 16th May, 1917.
    • Battery moved to Ypres, 26th September, 1917.
    • Opened fire from English Farm ( St. Jean), on 27th September, 1917. ( In one day at this position 1077 rounds were fired).
    • Moved to Kitchener's Wood (st. Julien)' 12th Octore, 1917. (From this position18,249 rounds were fired).
    • Left Kitchener's Wood on 14th December, 1917, and Christmas was spent at Boeschepe (near Poperinghe).
    • Moved into action as a silent battery, near Hell Fire Corner, on 19th December, 1917, and did not open fire until 26th December.
    • ulled out from Ypres area, 22nd March, 1918.
    • Moved to Westoutre, 23rd March, 1918.
    • Moved to Caudescure on the 24th and Barlin on the 25th March.
    • Battery came into action at Mount Berenchon 10th April, 1918; at Eeleme, 11th April, 1918; at Ham-en-Artois, 12th April; at Marbecque, 18th April, and at Bas Hamel, 28th April.
    • oved to Divion to G.H.Q. Reserve 17th May, 1918, and then to Gouy Servians, 31st May, 1918.
    • Four guns came into action again on 19th June, 1918, at Vendin-les-Bethune; two guns being in reserve positions at Lenglet.
    • Moved on Annezin on 11th June, 1918.
    • attery advanced to Mount Bernenchon on 20th August, 1918; to Locon, 1st September, 1918, and to Vielle Chappelle, 6th September, 1918.
    • Left Bethune sector 17th September, 1918. Arrived at Taunay on the 18th, on the way to Ypres once more, and at Beauverde Wood on the 21st.
    • Battery removed to Belgian Battery Corner on the 25th, and came into action on the 28th September, 1918. (1298 rounds were fired by five guns in 24 hours from this position, which is the Battery record).
    • Battery advanced and came into action at Zillebeke and Hill 60 on 29th September 1918; near Becelaere, 5th October, 1918; Vigfwegen, 14th October, 1918; near Ledeghem, 15th October, 1918; at Marke, 19th October, 1918; Belleghem, 23rd October, 1918; Knokke, 28th October, 1918, and Auseghem, 5th November, 1918.
    • The Battery was at the latter place, which is between Coutrai and Renaix, when the Armistice was signed on 11th November, 1918.

    Total rounds fired by the Battery in different areas:

    • June and July, 1916 - Messines Area - 725
    • August 1916, to March 1917 - Battle of the Somme - 33,380
    • March 1917, to May 1917 - German retreat on the Somme - 4,363
    • May 1917, to September 1917 - Villiers Guislain - 1,903
    • Sept. 1917, to March 1918 - 3rd Battle of Ypres - 24,254
    • April, 1918 to September, 1918 - Battle of the Lys - 39,094
    • September, 1918, to November 11th, 1918 - 4th Battle of Ypres - 6,707
    • Total 110, 426
    3rd January 1919

    Alyn Hodgson


    Gnr. George Croft 150th Heavy Battery Royal Garrison Artillery

    George Croft served with the 150th Heavy Battery, Royal Garrison Artillery, details taken from WO 329/307 Medal Roll.

    Alyn Hodgson


    Gnr. Frederick Hodgson 71st Heavy Battery Royal Garrison Artillery

    My grandfather Frederick Hodgson was born at Kilnurst, Swinton, near Rotherham on 2nd November 1892. As  youngster he had an accident with a horse and cart in Swinton, which resulted in him injuring a leg that reduced his mobility for the rest of his life. At the outbreak of WW1 he tried to enlist in the infantry with his pals, but due to his disability he has turned down. He persisted with his wish to serve his country and was finally accepted into the Royal Garrison Artillery as he had experience of working with pit ponies in the colliery in which he was employed. He joined the 150th Heavy Battery RGA which was raised in his home town of Rotherham in  October 1915. The Battery trained for 7 months in the UK before being sent to France, landing 17th June 1916 and opened fire for the first time at Neuvre Eglise, 29th June 1916.

    At some time during his service in France he was transferred to the 71st Heavy Battery. Whilst with the 71st Heavies, he was captured by the Germans at Villers on the 30th November 1917. The story goes that after a heavy night of exhausting shelling, their position was over run in a major German advance. A German soldier apparently stood over Frederick and his gun crews dug out with a stick grenade. Thankfully the grenade wasn't thrown and the crew were all captured. Frederick eventually was transferred to a POW camp at Dulmen in Westphalia, Germany. When the Armistace was signed in November 1918, the gates to the prison camp were opened and as there was no transport available, Frederick and his fellow internees had to walk all the way to Antwerp in Belgium to get a ship home to England. As they walked through Germany they had to steal turnips out of the fields to eat as there was no other food available. He recalled that they were sworn and spat at by the German residents as they went along their way.

    Frederick finally got home to Rotherham, went back to his pit ponies and married Mary Clarke in 1922. They had four boys and the third born was my father Russell Hodgson and I am his son Alyn Hodgson. I'm here now because the German soldier didn't throw his grenade, so I thank him for his humanity in not taking Frederick, my grand father's life.

    Frederick never talked about his war and although he received his three medals for his service to his country, but he never wore them. They were thrown in a drawer at home and were lost over time. Frederick died on 1st March 1952 on his way home from a shift with his beloved ponies.

    I never knew my grandad Frederick, as he died before I was born, but I wish I had. He was just a normal and humble young man doing his duty for this pals, his community and country. I'm proud of him and so thankful that he came out of there alive, so many didn't leaving tens of thousands grandchildren un-born.

    Alyn Hodgson


    Gnr. Albert Carr 21st Battery Royal Garrison Artillery (d.14th Jul 1916)

    My grandfather Albert Carr attested into Kitchener's Army in 1914, was trained as a Gunner and posted to 21st Battery, RGA, proceeding to France in 1915. When he farewelled his wife Annie Elizabeth and year-old son Albert, Annie was carrying their second son Ronald. Sadly, Ronald and his father were never to know each other. Details of 21st Battery's deployment are scant, but it appears that, on arrival in France, it went to Loos to participate in the Battle, then on to Albert to participate in the opening Battle of the Somme in 1916.

    It is not clear exactly how or where Albert Carr was wounded, but he passed away from those wounds at 2nd Field Ambulance on 14th of July 1916, and was buried at Fricourt British Cemetery. After the war his wife (my grandmother) was presented with his Memorial Plaque and posthumous medals: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal and Victory Medal. It is sad that, apart from these, we have only two photographs to remember him by.

    56235 Gunner Alert Carr, RGA - Thoughts of Home

    David Carr


    Trptr. Percy Wheaton 4th Siege Battery Royal Garrison Artillery (d.10th Nov 1914)

    Percy Wheaton, my uncle, was born on 19th October, 1897 and enlisted very early on, aged 16, at Devonport. Underage, of course. The first Battle of Ypres started on his 17th birthday. He died of wounds on November 10 1914. To this day we do not know why a boy who was obviously well under 19, was sent on service overseas. He is buried in the Bailleul Communal Cemetry.

    Editors Note:- The Register of Soldiers Effects (entry number 146685) refers to the death of Trumpeter 37106 Percy Wheaton and gives his date of enlistment as 9th April 1912, whilst still a schoolboy. I can only conclude that, at the age of 14, he has been enrolled as a boy soldier to train on part-time basis. That would account for his involvement so soon in the conflict without the apparent need for full training. That said, the ruling at the time was that all soldiers serving, in conflict, abroad must be aged at least 19. The Army must have been well aware of his age. His next of kin is shown as his father William Bradford.

    Susan Ekins


    Sgt. Frederick Arthur Arnold MM 1st/1st North Midland Royal Garrison Artillery (d.7th July 1917)

    Sorry I don't know to much only that Frederick Arnold was killed by enemy aircraft.

    Andy Arnold


    Cpt. Hugh James "Mort" Mortimer MC & Bar Royal Garrison Artillery

    Hugh aged 19 in 1915

    Hugh Mortimer served with the RGA.

    Hugh in 1945



    Gnr. Thomas Joseph Hussey Clyde Royal Garrison Artillery

    Thomas J Hussey, (1878-1951) known as Joe. was my grandfather. He was born and raised in a rural area outside Mullingar, County Westmeath, Ireland. He was the only son of Patrick Hussey and Mary Hussey (nee Flynn).

    He served in the First World war as a Gunner in the Artillery. I don't know too much about his service. He served in the RFA and the RHA (671490) and also in the RGA (Clyde). I think he may have served with the RGA early in the war and then went overseas or even the other way round. I know from family stories that he served in Palestine and Mesopotamia at one time (I think in 1917). He was in Jerusalem around the time it was taken. I think he also served in France and Flanders at some stage. According to records he was with the Clyde RGA also. I do have a memory of my uncle telling me that my grandfather had been in Scotland, but I didn't associate this with the war.

    I have a copy of a letter he wrote home from Baddow in Essex in Oct 1916 and I also have his 2 service medals. He survived the war and married in 1919 and had 5 children. He worked in a saw mill and also as a farmer. He passed away on September 1st 1951. I never met him.

    Patrick Hussey


    BSM. John Mercer DCM. Royal Garrison Artillery

    John Mercer was born in 1874 in St Helens, Merseyside. He joined the Army in 1892 and served most of his army life in India and Ceylon (Sri Lanka).

    He joined the Battery on 5/3/1915 as a Sergeant Major and landed in Le Havre with the Battery on 11/7/15. He later went on to 64th Heavy Artillery Group and was awarded the DCM for action at Trones Wood.



    Gnr. Wilfred Grinter Royal Garrison Artillery (d.25th Sep 1918)

    Wilfred Grinter was born in Charmouth Dorset on the 28th of June 1895, the son of George and Jane Squires (nee Gordge) and worked on family farm. He is buried at Villers-Faucon, France.

    Martyn Rundle


    Gnr. Alfred Coley 2nd Siege Battery Royal Garrison Artillery

    Alfred Coley was my maternal great grandfather. He departed for France on 8 October 1916, aged 36,and survived the war and had a fifth child, my grandmother.

    Family stories recount that he was gassed, although no details of when or where. His son-in-law, my grandfather, saw action in WWII with the invasion of Sicily and in early waves of assault infantry on D-Day at Sword Beach, Lion-sur-Mer, through Caen, Falaise, Nijmegen, Belsen to Luneberg.

    Stephen Geary


    2nd Lt. Edward Burra Arnison 11th Siege Battalion Royal Garrison Artillery (d.18th Aug 1918)

    Edward Arnison was born in Sheffield in 1877, the son of Robert and Frances Ann (nee Bowstead). He worked as a Manager for Silversmiths before war broke out. Edward Arnison is buried in Heath Cemetery, Harbonnieres, Picardie, France. He is also commemorated on the Masonic Roll of Honour, Sheffield Cathedral and Lodge 296, Tapton Hall, Shore Lane, Sheffield.

    Martyn Rundle


    BSM Craine Peartree 41 Siege Bty. Royal Garrison Artillery Royal Garrison Artill (d.23rd April 1917)

    Craine Peartree served with 41 Siege Bty. Royal Garrison Artillery

    Sharon Byrne


    2nd Lt. Douglas Charles Craymer Royal Garrison Artillery (d.15th Sep 1918)

    Douglas Craymer was the son of Herbert & Maria Craymer (nee Costa) of Muswell Hill, London and brother of Horace Leonard Craymer (23rd London Reg.)

    Douglas was killed in action aged 25 while serving on the Somme. He is buried at Vraignes-En-Vermandois Communal Cemetery, Somme, France.

    Rebecca Mayfield


    Cpl. Daniel McCarthy MM attd. Y Bty. 21st Trench Mortar Bty Royal Garrison Artillery (d.26th June 1916)

    Daniel McCarthy died 26th June 1916 aged 45 and is buried in the Norfolk Cemetery in France.

    s flynn


    Gnr. Robert Johnston 1st Siege Battery Royal Garrison Artillery (d.19th May 1915)

    Gunner Robert Johnston served with the 1st Seige Battery, Royal Garrison Artillery. He died of wounds, on 19th May 1915 and is buried in the Longuenesse (St. Omer) Souvenir Cemetery in France.

    s flynn


    Gnr. Arthur Fred Yendall 350 Siege Battery Riyal Garrison Artillery

    Arthur Fred Yendall was my grandfather. He hardly ever talked about the war. He served with the 350 Siege Battery, Royal Garrison Artillery. He was gassed on 7th September 1918 and arrived home via Chilseldon No2 Dispersal Unit on 23rd December 1918. He suffered with lung problems for the rest of his life but lived to the age of 73.

    Gill Garratt


    CorporalCpl. Cecil John Higgins 24th Divisional Trench Mortar Battery Royal Garrison Artillery (d.15 March 1916)

    Discovered the brass 'death medal' for this relative (my Great Uncle) and that of his brother. CWGC records show he was Cpl C J Higgins, of Forton Rd, Gosport. He was in "Y" 24th T.M. Bty., RGA.

    Graham Banks


    Sgt. Herbert Blackburn Northumbrian Heavy Battery Royal Garrison Artillery (d.7th Aug 1917)

    My great uncle Sgt. Herbert Blackburn served with the Royal Garrison Artillery Northumbrian Heavy Battery and died of wounds on 7th August 1917. I am trying to locate where he is buried.

    Ann Griffiths


    Gnr. Walter William Paxman Royal Garrison Artillery

    Walter William Paxman lost a leg in WW1 and was awarded The Silver War Badge. He enlisted in December 1915.

    Anne Milne


    Sgt. George Crosby Smith 5th Mountain Bty Royal Garrison Artillery (d.16th Aug 1914)

    Sergent George Crosby Smith, a member of the Royal Garrison Artillery, died in India. He was born in Christchurch, New Zealand, in 1878. I'd like some details if possible.

    Gerry Wright


    Gunner George Walter Henry Parsons 61 Bty.

    My father in law, Gnr George Parsons served in what the documents describe as 'C/61, RGA.' He was medically evacuated from France in about April 1918 having been a victim of a gas attack. I would really like to know where this gas attack took place and what the action was called, if possible. He lived on, in sickness, until dying in 1961 in Portland, Dorset. Any information regarding this action gratefully received.

    Eddie Billington


    Bmbdr. Wallace Johnson 289th Siege Battery Royal Garrison Artillery (d.8th Jul 1917)

    Wallace Johnson is commemorated on a family grave cross in Hull Western Cemetery. In 1877 he was born at Howden, Yorkshire and later moved to Margate, Kent where he was teaching at the "Asylum for the Deaf and Dumb Children of the Poor" in 1901. Before the the outbreak of the Great War he had married and had two daughters. He enlisted at Margate in 1915 and served with the 289th Siege Battery, Royal Garrison Artillery. He was killed in action on 8th July 1917. His body was interred in the Dickebusch New Military Cemetery Extension in Belgium.



    Gnr. James Delaney Royal Garrison Artillery (d.24th Dec 1916)

    My Great grandfather James Delaney served with the Royal Garrison Artillery in the Battle of the Somme. Family say he died in it but his death was after the end of the battle on 24th October 1916 so I assume he died from injuries received as he's buried in St. Marie Cemetery Le Harve. I want to trace his unit etc... but don't know how to. Any advice or info would be gratefully received.

    Bronwyn Fraley


    Dvr. James William Broughton Royal Garrison Artillery

    Will Broughton served as a driver with the Royal Garrison Artillery



    2nd Lt. Archie Maynard Brown 126th Bat Royal Garrison Artillery (d.6th Apr 1918)

    My great uncle, Archie Brown, was the uncle of my father. He is commemorated on a plaques in St Michaels Church of Ireland Church, Barrington Street, Limerick. We have very little information only what I have supplied above but am in the process of investigating further. We are lucky to know where he is buried, the cemetery is the Hedauville Community Cemetery Ext in the town of Albert in Northern France. A kind gentleman several years ago was visiting the cemetery and actually placed a cross with a poppy at the grave site and took some pictures.

    Susan Brown Butterfield


    Gnr. Ben Hunt 76th Siege Bty. Royal Garrison Artillery (d.30th Jun 1917)

    Gunner Ben Hunt served with 76th Siege Battery, Royal Garrison Artillery attached to 90th Heavy Artillery Group during WW1 and was killed in action on the 30th June 1917, aged 31. He is buried in Vlamertinghe New Military Cemetery in Belgium.

    S Flynn


    Gnr. Thomas Harcus 95th Siege Battery Royal Garrison Artillery (d.3rd Aug 1917)

    Gunner Thomas Harcus served with 95th Siege Battery, Royal Garrison Artillery during WW1 and was killed in action on the 3rd August 1917, aged 32. He is buried in Vlamertinghe New Military Cemetery in Belgium. Husband of Ellen Rendall, he left two children and was a native of Westray, Orkney

    S Flynn


    Gnr. Andrew Harcus 95th Siege Battery Royal Garrison Artillery (d.3rd Aug 1917)

    Gunner Andrew Harcus served with 95th Siege Battery, Royal Garrison Artillery during WW1 and was killed in action on the 3rd August 1917, aged 27. He is buried in Vlamertinghe New Military Cemetery in Belgium. He was the son of Andrew and Jessie Harcus, Husband of Frances Harcus, of Dogtoo, Westray, Orkney. Native of Tirlot, Westray.

    S Flynn


    Gnr. Jack Herbert Mugford 122nd Anti-Aircraft Section Royal Garrison Artillery (d.3rd Jul 1918)

    Jack Herbert Mugford served with 122nd Anti Aircraft Section RGA during WW1 and died on the 3rd July 1918, aged 23. He is buried in Cairo War Memorial Cemetery, Egypt. He was the son of Helena Phoebe Mugford, of 44, Stanger Rd., Norwood, London, and the late John Hearn Searle Mugford.

    S Flynn


    Gnr. Harry Dunwell Royal Garrison Artillery (d.12th Nov 1918)

    Harry Dunwell served with the Royal Garrison Artillery during WW1 and died on the 12th November 1918 age 32. He is buried in the Alexandria (Hadra) War Memorial Cemetery, Egypt. He was the husband of Annie Dunwell, of 15, Wolverden Rd., Husband of Annie Dunwell, of 15, Wolverden Rd., Briercliffe, Burnley..

    S Flynn


    Gnr. Rennie Dixon 153rd Heavy Battery Royal Garrison Artillery (d.17th Jun 1918)

    Rennie Dixon served with the 153rd Heavy Battery, Royal Garrison Artillery during WW1 and died on the 17th June 1918 age 23. He is buried in Mikra British Cemetery, Greece. He was the son of Joseph Dixon, of 3, Reedley Rd., Reedley, Burnley.

    S Flynn


    Gnr. Frank Darcy Bromley Royal Garrison Artillery

    Frank Bromley married a relative from my Family, a Great Great Great Aunt. I am just trying to find some more information about Mr Bromley the only information I have regarding his war records are from the Medals awarded page in Ancestry which states he served with The Royal Garrison Artillery and The Royal Engineers.


    Gnr. Thomas Hugo Royal Garrison Artillery

    Tom Hugo fought in the Egypt campaign with the RGA. He was discharged due to sickness (unfit for further service) 20 Aug 1916. His Medal card records the award of the 1915 Star, War and Victory medal together with the Silver War Badge which was worn to show that he had been discharged honourably from active service usually on health grounds. He was discharged from Depot Number 2 and his silver badge number was 182550.

    Mark Dycher


    Gnr. Frank O. Wills 50th Trench Mortar Battery Royal Field Artillery (d.27th May 1919)

    Frank Wills was executed for murder 27/05/1919 age 20 and buried in Ste. Marie Cemetery, Le Havre, France.

    s flynn


    Gnr. Sidney Jackson Legge 8th Siege Battery Royal Garrison Artillery

    Sid Legge was born in 1896 and left home in Cambridgeshire to join the Army in 1913. He was then 7269 Private S. Legge of the 3rd Battalion of the Bedfordshire Regiment. He attained his Third Class Certificate of Education on the 18th July, 1913 at the Army School in Colchester.

    It appears that at the outbreak of the Great War he was transferred to the Royal Garrison Artillery and posted to the 8th Siege Battery and became 39552 Gunner S. Legge. He was shipped to France in 1914 with his Regiment, and spent the whole war there, apart from leave, till the armistice in 1918. He was engaged in a battle on the 21st and 22nd May, 1916 on the Western front for which the 8th Siege Battery was mentioned in dispatches. At one stage of his service he was wounded in action.

    He was demobbed after the war and married Daisy Richardson in 1919. He then took up a position as a postman in Scotswood, Newcastle Upon Tyne. He died in Wolverhampton in 1981.

    John Legge


    Gnr. William Dunn Watters Fifeshire Battery Royal Garrison Artillery

    My great- grandfather William Dunn Watters was in the territorial army, a gunner with the RGA Fifeshire Heavy Battery in 51st Highland Division. His address in 1918 was Cowdenbeath Fife, on his marriage records he was stationed at Sheringham England, home base to the Royal Artillery. I can find no other records of him, I have a photo of him in his uniform and the badge on his shoulder has a T then RGA then Fifeshire, he survived the war, I would like to know if there are any records of him and what his regiment contributed to the first word war.


    Gnr. Andrew Brien Royal Garrison Artillery (d.22nd Mar 1918)

    Andrew Brien was born in Lucan, Co. Dublin and enlisted at Seaforth, Lancs. He served with the Royal Garrison Artillery and died of wounds in March 1918.

    s flynn


    L/Bdr. John Brennan Royal Garrison Artillery (d.16th Oct 1918)

    John Brennan served with the Royal Garrison Artillery, and was killed in action in October 1918.

    s flynn


    Gnr. William Matthews 140th Siege Battery Royal Garrison Artillery (d.26th Feb 1919)

    William Matthews served with 140th Siege Battery Royal Garrison Artillery he was aged 30 when he died on 26th February 1919 in South Shields. Born in Devonport, he lived in Jarrow and was the son of William and Emily Maria Matthews (nee Crabb) of Fowey, Croft Terrace, Jarrow. On the 1911 census he is recorded as William Matthews age 22 Draughtsman in Shipyard living with his parents William and Emily Maria Matthews and family at 40 Croft Terrace, Jarrow.

    William is buried in Jarrow Cemetery and is commemorated on the Triptych in St. Paul's Church Jarrow.

    Vin Mullen


    Gnr. John William Loader 20th Siege Battery Royal Garrison Artillery (d.9th Apr 1918)

    John Loader died aged 30, he was the son of Isabella Loader (nee Laidler) of 72 High Street Jarrow and the late John Philip Loader. Born, lived and enlisted in Jarrow as a regular solider. John William Loader, age 24, was a serving gunner with number 78, Company, Royal Garrison Artillery in the 1911 Census. He first served in overseas with the BEF in WW1 on the 17th of September 1914.

    John is buried in Beuvry Communal Cemetery Extension and is commemorated on the Triptych in St. Paul's Church Jarrow.

    Vin Mullen


    Gnr. George Douglas Mustard 142 Bty. Royal Garrison Artillery (d.7th Apr 1916)

    George Douglas Mustard enlisted at Sunderland and served with 142nd Battery TF, Royal Garrison Artillery. He died from his wounds age 20 on the 7th April 1916 and is remembered at Jarrow Library. He is buried in Bailleul Communal Cemetery. His medal card records the award of the War and Victory Medals and that he died from wounds.

    George was born in Sunderland 1895, son of Charles Robert and Ada Mustard nee Douglas of 52 Union Street, Jarrow. In the 1911 census the family is living at 47 Frances Street, O------, Sunderland with Charles Robert(37) a weigh cabin clerk and his wife of 17 years Ada(39). They have 5 children all living at home. George Douglas(15) is a grocers errand boy, Charles Robert(12), John George(7)and Frederick Arthur(5) all at school. Their only daughter is Hannah Mary who is age 9.

    Vin Mullen


    Gunner Robert Joseph Turnbull 1st/1st Highland Brigade Royal Garrison Artillery (d.30th May 1917)

    Robert Turnbull died aged 38, he was born in Saltwell, Gateshead in 1880. In the 1911 Census, he is listed as Robert Joseph Turnbull, age 31, a Boiler Maker's Labourer, living with his first wife Charlotte Turnbull (Nee Hamilton) & a son at 2, York Street, Jarrow. He was later husband of Mary Jane Turnbull (nee Storar) of 6 Hurworth Place Jarrow. Robert enlisted in Jarrow.

    He is buried in Sunken Road Cemetery. Boisleux-St. Marc and is commemorated on the Triptych in St. Paul's Church Jarrow.

    Vin Mullen


    Gnr. William John Jordan Royal Garrison Artillery (d.4th Nov 1917)

    William John Jordan was a Gunner with the Royal Garrison Artillery. (formerly of the Clyde Royal Garrison Artillery). Born in Jarrow in 1884, he was aged 33 when he died on 4th November 1917. He lived in Clydebank and was the son of Mary Jane McLeod (formerly Jordan nee Wilkinson) of II Gordon Street Kilbowie and the late Arthur James Jordan (one time Librarian in Mechanics Institute Jarrow). He enlisted in Dunbarton.

    William is buried in Kilbowie Cemetery.

    Vin Mullen


    Sgt. Thomas Stoker Smith 51st Siege Battery Royal Garrison Artillery (d.3rd Aug 1917)

    Thomas Smith died age 26, he was born in South Shields, son of Anthony and Jane J. Smith. Thomas Stoker Smith, age 20, a Blacksmith Apprentice with North Eastern Railways, is recorded as living with his parents Anthony & Jane Smith at 4 Hope Street, Green Forge, South Shields in the 1911 Census.

    Thomas is buried in Bailleul Communal Cemetery Extension (Nord) and is commemorated on the Triptych in St. Paul's Church Jarrow.

    Vin Mullen


    Gnr. John Wilson Royal Garrison Artillery (d.12th April 1918)

    John Wilson, Gunner 37939, enlisted at Jarrow and served with the 5th/6th Heavy Trench Mortar Battery, Royal Garrison Artillery. He died age 29 on the 12th April 1918 and is remembered at St. Paul's Church and Doullens Communal Cemetery Extension No.1. VI.B.13. His medal card records the award of the 1915 Star, War and Victory Medals.

    John was born in Jarrrow 1889, son of Gibson and Ann Wilson of Jarrow. In the 1911 census the family is living at 40 Nansen Street, Jarrow. Gibson(60) is a stevedore and his wife of 39 years Annie has had 11 children of whom 7 survived with 5 living at this address. Matthew(31) widower and John(24) single, are both stevedores. Annie(21), Frances(18) and Phyllis(16) are all single at home. Matthew,s only surviving daughter Phyllis is 8 years old.

    Early in 1918 Heavy Trench Mortar Batteries V5 with 5th Division and V6 with 6th Division were combined as Corps Units as target were reduced by German Tactics. They operated 9045 Mortars known as flying pigs.

    Vin Mullen


    Gmr. William Shannon 44th Siege Battery Royal Garrison Artillery (d.18th May 1917)

    William Shannon died age 28, he had formerly served in the Tynemouth RGA. He was the son of Edward Thomas and Mary Shannon of North Shields and husband of Margaret Ann Shannon (nee Riddle) of 52 Little Bedford Street North Shields. William Thomas Shannon age 21, a Labourer & Fish Manure Manufacturer, is recorded with his wife Margaret Ann Shannon & 1 month old son, living at East Percy street, North Shields in the 1911 Census

    William is buried in Duisans Military Cemetery, Etrun and is commemorated on the Palmer Cenotaph Jarrow.

    Vin Mullen


    2Lt. Frank Edward Scott 405th Siege Battery Royal Garrison Artillery (d.4th Apr 1918)


    Edward Scott died of wounds aged 37, he was the son of Edward Hawkes Scott and Mary Scott and husband of Lilian Scott of 19 Birch Street, Jarrow. Born in Newcastle, in the 1911 Census he is recorded as Frank Edward Scott, age 30, an Assistant Teacher with the Urban Council, lived with his Wife & son at 35 Coquet Street, Jarrow.

    Edward is buried in Etaples Military Cemetery. He is commemorated on the Monkton Memorial in Monkton Village, Jarrow, on the Triptych in St. Paul's Church Jarrow and in St. Peter's Church Jarrow.

    Vin Mullen


    Gnr. Thomas William Wadey 32nd How. Bty. Royal Garrison Artillery (d.3rd Dec 1915)

    Thomas William Wadey, Gunner 3291, served in 32nd T Howitzer Battery, Royal Garrison Artillery and died age 36 on the 3rd December 1915. He is remembered at St. Paul's Church and is buried in Menin Road Military Cemetery. His medal card records the award of the 1915 Star initially under the above reference, but the later award of the War and Victory Medals are recorded under 235 Siege Battery RGA with Regimental No. 278291.

    William was born at Willington Quay, Wallsend 1879 son of Thomas William and Elizabeth Charlotte Wadey nee Dadd. He married Catherine Wadey nee Monaghan and is brother in law to William and Frank Monaghan who are also remembered in St. Paul's Church. In the 1911 census Thomas(32) is a Farm Labourer and Catherine, his wife of 11 years, has borne 6 children with 4 surviving. Mary Alice is 6, Olive 4, Margaret 2 and Elizabeth Ann is 4 months old. They are living at 18 Robensworth Street Willington Quay.

    Vin Mullen


    Gnr. Thomas Hewitt 57th Siege Battery Royal Garrison Artillery (d.30th Mar 1917)

    Thomas Hewitt served with 57th Siege Battery, Royal Garrison Artillery, he was aged 26 when he died on 30th March 1917. Born in Newcastle in 1890 he was the son of Catherine and the late Thomas Hewitt of 352 Alice Street South Shields. On the 1911 census Thomas Hewitt age 20 is recorded as a Sawyer in Sawmills, living with his parents Thomas and Catherine Hewitt and family at 19 South Frederick Street, South Shields.

    Thomas is buried in Maroeuil British Cemetery and is commemorated on the Triptych in St. Paul's Church, Jarrow.

    Vin Mullen


    Gnr. Robert Kuhler MM 361st Siege Bty Royal Garrison Artillery (d.16th Oct 1917)

    Robert Kuhler was my Grandfather. He was born in Lodz, Poland and married my Grandmother on 2 March 1911 in London. They later moved to Paris before returning to England and living in Brighton. He enlisted in the army on 13 September 1916 and was posted to 361 Seige Battalion.The Military Medal was awarded to Robert Kuhler for acts of gallantry and devotion to duty under fire - he was also entitled to the Victory medal and the British War medal but was unfortunately killed in action on 16th October 1917 and is buried in Zuydcote military cemetery,

    Christine Gooch


    Cpl. George Ernest Dickenson 9th Trench Mortar Bty, Y Coy. Royal Garrison Artillery (d.1st Jul 1917)

    George died aged 20. Born in Great Yarmouth, he lived in Hebburn and enlisted at Jarrow. He was the son of Henry and Agnes Dickenson (nee Bligh). George Ernest Dickenson age 14 Office Boy in Palmer Steel Works is recorded as living with his parents Henry and Agnes Dickenson and family at 36 Victoria Road West, Hebburn on the 1911 census.

    George is buried in Windmill British Cemetery, Monchy-Le-Preux and is commemorated on the Palmer Cenotaph (north face) Jarrow.

    Vin Mullen


    Gnr. Isaac Chisholm 50th Trench Mortar Bty Royal Garrison Artillery (d.10th Feb 1916)

    Isaac Chisholm was aged 23 when he died on 10th February 1916 whilst serving with the 50th Trench Mortar Battery, Royal Garrison Artillery. Son of the late Andrew and Frances Chisholm of Jarrow, he is recorded on the 1911 census as; Isaac Chisholm age 19 Factory Machine Man at Ropeworks is lodging at 22 Nixon Street, Jarrow. He was born and enlisted in Jarrow.

    Issac is buried in Vlammertinghe Military Cemetery and is commemorated on the Triptych in St. Paul's Church Jarrow.

    Vin Mullen


    Gnr. James Edward "Jim" Southren 37th Seige Battery Royal Garrison Artillery (d.6th Nov 1918)

    James Edward Southren was the half brother of my maternal grandmother Kate Adelaide Appleby (nee Southren). Jim was born in Sunderland, Co. Durham in 1894, the first son of James Bell Southren and Kate Adelaide Taylor, who had married in 1893. His mother died the following year at the age of 23.

    James Bell Southren was a ship's engineer and was often away at sea so Jim was bought up by James Bell's brother, Edward and his wife Elizabeth.

    In 1895 James Bell met and married Ann Cansfield. Together they had six children, Sam, Thomas, Kate, Charlotte, Sid and Sarah. James had a good relationship with his half brothers and sisters although he continued to live with Edward and Elizabeth for the rest of his life. When he left school, probably age 14 or younger, he went to work at Wearmouth Colliery, where he became an apprentice blacksmith.

    When the First World War started, in 1914, Jim volunteered and his enrolment papers show his occupation as “Blacksmith's Striker”. After attesting Jim would have undergone basic training and somewhere around 18th November 1914 he would have been sent to No.1 Depot at Newhaven. It is likely he was first sent to a home company before being posted to the 37th Siege Battery of the Royal Garrison Artillery. He would then have been trained for duties as a Gunner. By August 1915 his unit was based at Lydd where they underwent further training on the 6inch howitzers with which the 37th was equipped. The battery had 4 horse drawn 6inch howitzers, each weighing 30cwt.

    The battery was then sent to Devonport to await departure to Egypt on 15th December 1915. They arrived at Port Said on 29th December 1915. On arrival they joined the 32nd Heavy Artillery Brigade. As they were officially in a Theatre of War when they arrived in Egypt they became eligible for the 1914-15 Star campaign medal.

    After 4 months in Egypt the brigade were sent to Alexandria for embarkation to Marseille on 8th April 1916. They arrived in Marseille on 15th April 1916 and were immediately transported to the Western Front, where they stayed until the end of the war. In December 1917 they were transferred to the 59th Heavy Artillery Brigade, part of the 2nd Army. The battery was increased to 6 x 6inch howitzers in August 1918, with 1 section from the 510th Siege Battery being transferred in.

    On 6th November 1918, just 5 days before the Armistice came into effect, Jim was killed. The War Diary for the 59th Brigade is the only reference I have found to his death. The entry made on 6th November reads “In the field, 37 SB had 2 men killed in their forward Battery position by hostile shellfire”. The two men were Jim and his Bombardier Walter J. Reakes (no. 50580).

    I am trying to piece together where Jim was killed. From the information I have gathered from the Commonwealth War Graves Commission (CWGC) and the website Great War Forum (GWF).

    Jim is buried in the Harlebeke New British Cemetery at Harlebeke, West Vlaanderen in Belgium. Although this is the final resting place of Jim's remains he would have been initially buried close to where he was killed. Harlebeke is village just outside the town of Kotrijk, about 15 miles east of Ypres. Jim's grave is in plot IV and numbered C9. The New British Cemetery at Harlebeke was formed initially from deaths incurred in the fighting in 1918. Harlebeke village was taken by the Allies on the night of 19th-20th October 1918 by the 9th (Scottish) Division. At this time the German front line was collapsing and the Allies making significant gains daily. Harlebeke New British Cemetery was made after the Armistice when graves were bought in from the surrounding battlefields of 1918 and, in 1924-25, from German cemeteries or plots in Belgium. The earlier concentrations are in plots I to X, the later in plots XI to XIX. In the latter group are many graves from 1914. So, as Jim's grave is in plot IV, it would seem that Jim was killed quite close to Harlebeke. Bombardier W. Reakes, who was killed at the same time as Jim is buried close by in Harlebeke New British Cemetery.

    Jim was first buried at map reference 29K. 31 d 9 3. (Information from the CWGC). This is a reference from a military map and needs further research. It is likely that Jim was killed close-by.

    At this time the front was quite fluid and up to 3rd November 1918 the 37th Siege Battery, as part of the 59th Brigade, were under II Corps. On 3rd Novemeber II Corps HQ went to rest in the rear and their brigades came under XIX Corps. The XIX Corps HQ at this time was Harlebeke Church Square. XIX Corps War Diary records that on 5th November the 37th Siege Battery was located as follows:

    • 4 Howitzers at J.19.d.58.60 and
    • 2 Howitzers at I.12.a.8.0.

    These are marked on sheet 28 & 29 of the military maps at the Imperial War Museum.

    On the 8th November the 37th. Siege Battery moved forward to a position near Caster. The latest information I have (via the GWF) is that the co-ordinates above are located at the village of Anzegem, close to the railway station approx 1km south of the village. He was taking part in the Battle of the Scheldt.

    The following are extracts from the War Diary of the British Army 59th Division, to which the 37th were attached at this stage of the war. Original is held in the National Archives at Kew, ref: WO95/322. (Visited in December 2013)

    Note about the later stages of World War 1. After over 3 years of almost static trench warfare the German Army was being slowly pushed back by the Allies. Following the failure of a major German attack in spring 1917 the Allies started to advance, this advance slowly gathered momentum. By the late summer of 1918 the Germans were in rapid retreat along majority of the Western Front. In the north (where Jim was located as part of the II Corps of British 2nd Army) the advance had taken the allies past Ypres and well on the road to the Belgian capital, Brussels. Earlier in the war the huge guns of the Siege Artillery (30 cwt each, most batteries had 4) were fairly stationary, moving occasionally when the German guns located their position and concentrated their fire. However, at this stage of the war they were moving more frequently and advancing all the time into newly liberated areas. As a unit the 37th did not have it's own official War Diary, that being maintained at Divisional level, as was usual at this time.

    The extracts below are from the official War Diary of the 59th Division as recorded at Divisional HQ, some way back from the front line. The extracts are those where the 37th is mentioned in the diary. Sections in red / brackets are my comments / questions.

    War Diary of 59th Brigade Heavy Artillery Entries

    December 18th 1917 The system of the Royal Garrison Artillery Brigades came into force at 4pm. The 59th Brigade consisting of: 30th Siege Battery; 37th Siege Battery ; 335th Siege Battery; 1 section of the 288th transferred from the 79th Heavy Artillery Group to become part of the 305th Siege Battery. The 37th Siege Battery transferred from 79th HAG. Lt Col. W. Arthy left the Brigade to take command of the 79th Brigade, Lt. Col. T.H. Blew returned from Senior Officers Course (to take command of the 59th Divn.)

    December 19th 59th Brigade takes over the Heavy Artillery Report Centre at Bellevue. () 1918

    December 27th 1917 A premature occurred in 37th SB and another in 305th SB. (A “premature” is where a shell explodes in the gun or immediately after firing and leaving the barrel).

    January 31st 1918 The HQ and 1 section each of 37th, 335th & 350th SB's pulled out (of line) for rest and proceeded to Esqelbecq. They were relieved by the 115th, 212th & 202nd SB respectively of the 65th Brigade, RGA.

    February 1st The remaining sections of the 37th, 335th & 350th SB pulled out to rest. Stripped guns only were left in position for the relieving batteries.

    February 15th Orders received for the Brigade HQ and batteries to return to the line tomorrow in relief of the 65th Brigade, who were ordered to move.

    February 16th Brigade HQ & 4 batteries left Wprmoult en route for the Ypres Salient, combining at Clifford Camp for the night. During the 15 days at rest the batteries had spent the time in profitable training & recreation. The mornings were devoted to training, drill and overhaul of equipment. The afternoons and evenings being for recreation. A football inter-battery (sic) tournament had been arranged & commenced.

    February 17th Batteries started to relieve the batteries of the 65th Brigade by sections. Stripped guns were taken over in position.

    February 18th Remaining sections of batteries took over. 59th Brigade HQ. moved to the line relieving 65th Brigade and their HQ. Sheet 28 (Belgium) C19d.2.8 (see note on system of British Army battlefield maps in WW1).

    March 22nd 37th SB shelled again today. This battery has been shelled intermittently for the past 3 days.

    April 1st 37th SB shelled with aeroplane observation inflicting casualties. Battery pulled out at night and went into their alternate positions.

    April 8th & 9th 30th SB & 37th SB shelled with HV (?) gun.

    April 12th Orders to move back to Army Line positions, except 185th & 145th SB's who were to move to Siege Park with 1 section of 30th SB. 37th & 350th SB's to move back to Army Line complete, 335th SB moving 1 section today and the remainder tomorrow.

    April 13th Brigade HQ moved to Trois Tours Chateau (B.29a)

    April 25th Heavy shelling of Battery positions on the Canal Bank. 350th SB had one gun knocked out during the evening. Enemy attacked on our right and captured Kemmel Hill.

    April 26th 30th SB ordered to pull out and proceed at once to Esquelbcq under administration of 25th Brigade RGA. 37th, 335th & 350th SB's ordered to pull out 1 section and get it into action on the Red Line position. 350th SB subsequently pulled out remaining section. 335th SB were badly shelled on the Canal Bank during the move, 1 man being killed and 4 wounded.

    April 27th HQ moved from Trois Tours to Steentje. 37th SB were shelled in their Red Line positions. 1 casualty. All Batteries set to work to construct positions for defence of the Green Line.

    April 28th 37th SB continued in action at forward position, Canal Bank. Firing day & night with this section. Some very good shooting accomplished.

    April 29th & 30th Continuous harassing on enemy roads, tracks & strong-points was carried out during the latter part of this month by the forward sections of Batteries, which were in action day and night almost continuously.

    May 2nd 37th SB forward sections carried out a very successful visual shoot on a hostile battery in Poelcapelle setting ammunition on fire and dispersing personnel.

    May 5th 37th SB engaged in gassing hostile batteries. This action was continued each night when conditions permitted.

    May 7th 30th SB was heavily shelled with yellow x gas. About 200 rounds were fired in the neighbourhood of their position. The particular hostile battery was gassed by the 37th SB the same evening.

    May 8th 30th & 350th SB's again heavily shelled with gas & HE. Apparently 3 batteries were firing at them from different positions.

    May 12th II Corps took over a large additional front on the right from the XXII Corps, extending as far south as Voormezele. 37th & 350th SB's moved their rear sections from the Red Line to intermediate positions. As soon as the section of 350th SB was in action in it's new position the other sections at Rome Wood pulled out and joined them.

    May 13th Forward section of 37th SB at Canal Bank was relieved by 268th SB and pulled back to intermediate position making 4 guns of the battery in action in 1 position.

    June 15th to 19th 37th & 350th SB's moved guns each night to the alternative positions in view of possible enemy attack.

    June 27th 37th SB moved 2 guns over the Yser Canal to Foch Farm, about 2500 yards from the front line.

    June 30th Throughout the month the Batteries have carried out continuous harrassing fire on enemy roads, tracks and strong-points. A large percentage of rounds being fired during the hours of darkness.

    July 1st to 4th 30th & 37th SB's were engaged in breaking up enemy main crossroads with aeroplane and balloon observation. Some very successful shooting was achieved.

    July 2nd 37th SB moved another gun forward to Foch Farm (C10d) making 3 guns in all at this position.

    July 26th 37th SB had a premature when firing an experimental series in connection with air burst ammunition. 2 men killed and 5 wounded.

    July 30th 37th SB received notification that they would e raised to a 6 gun battery by the addition of a section of the 510th SB arriving at Hauke on 1st August.

    August 1st Orders received to reconnoitre and prepare positions for covering the defence of the West Poperinghe Line.

    August 6th 37th SB shelled at intervals during the afternoon and evening, 1 man being killed. The section of 510th SB joined up with 37th SB making the battery up to establishment of 6 guns. 1918 August 6th (cont'd) HM the King (George V) visited the Corps area today. All batteries sent representatives to La Lovie Chateau to line the road as the King drove by.

    August 9th Heavy concentrated bursts were fired on the defences of Voormezel during the afternoon, batteries cooperated.

    August 17th 37th SB (forward position) was heavily shelled. 2 men killed and 3 wounded and 1 gun put out of action.

    August 19th 37th SB carried out an experimental shoot with a star shell at nnight time. Results were not altogether satisfactory.

    August 20th In conjuction with 33rd (British) Division Batteries of the 59th Brigade cooperated in the bombarding of Laukhoff Chateau and La Chapelle, S/E of Ypres. 37th SB took another gun (making 4 in all) to their position across the Yser Canal.

    August 27th Batteries cooperated with the Belgian Army on the left in an attack which resulted in pushing the enemy line back to the Steenbeck.

    August 31st The enemy evacuated Mount Kemmel on our right.

    September 1st We occupied Voormezele and pushed our line further east on the southern part of the Corps front. September 6th 30th SB moved guns to forward positions East of Ypres.

    September 8th All batteries cooperated with the Belgian Army on our left in pushing forward their front line by about 500 yds.

    September 16th Brigade HQ moved to forward position at Stern Farm near Eleverdinghe. 37th SB moved forward 1 section to a forward position near St. Jean with orders to remain silent.

    September 17th Work commenced on building 3 battery positions for incoming batteries.

    September 22nd 37th, 335th and 350th SB's each moved 1 section forward to new positions in preparation for the battle.

    September 23rd 37th SB shelled in their new positions. 1 man killed, 3 wounded.

    September 25th 37th, 335th & 350th SB's moved remaining sections to forward battle positions. The Corps commander visited Brigade HQ.

    September 27th 30th SB moved remaining sections to forward battle positions. Orders received to attack tomorrow.

    September 28th II Corps, with the Belgian Army on the left and XIX Corps on the right attacked at 5.30am. (Summer time). Batteries of this Brigade (ie 59th Brigade) were reinforced for the barrage with batteries of the 77th Brigade and 86th Brigade RGA. This brigade covered the front of the 9th Division and fired a creeping barrage in conjunction with the 9th Divisions Artillery. The attack was a complete success, the objectives being all captured according to programme. The enemy was pushed back beyond the Broodseide Ridge. On conclusion of the barrage 350th SB pulled out and moved to a previously prepared forward position The 335th SB moved during the afternoon to a forward position. The enemy put up a very poor reply to our barrage and generally offered but little resistance to our advance.

    September 30th All batteries were out of range. 37Th & 350th SB's were ordered to pull out and advance towards Moorslede and report to 9th Division. Lorries got ditched on the Zonnebeke Road and orders were subsequently received to delay any further advance owing to the bad state of the roads. Forward Brigade HQs were established on the Broodseinde Ridge.

    October 1st Brigade HQs were established on the Broodseinde Ridge. Reconnaisance made new forward positions for batteries.

    October 2nd 37th SB moved forward to a position near Waterdamhoek

    October 3rd 350th SB moved forward to a position near Waterdamhoek

    October 4th 335th SB moved forward to a position near Waterdamhoek

    October 6th to 11th Generally quiet. Batteries did no firing, but were subjected to much area shooting, with HE and gas. Enemy put down counter preparations each morning.

    October 12th 37th SB moved one section to a forward position in front of Waterdamhoek.

    October 13th 350th SB moved one section to a forward position in front of Waterdamhoek.

    October 14th II Corps attacked, with the Belgian Army on the left and XIX Corps on the right. All batteries (including 88th SB & 152SB) joined the barrage. Good progress was made and all objectives gained. One section of each of the 37th, 335th and 350th SB's moved forward and took up positions west of Winkel & Eloi, reporting to the 9th Division for orders.

    October 15th II Corps again attacked. One section of each battery joined in a Heavy Artillery Barrage. Remaining sections moved forward and parked in the forward area ready for orders. Brigade HQ's moved forward to the neighbourhood of Rolleghem Cappelle.

    October 17th Positions were reconnoitred for covering an attack on the Lys River. Each battery subsequently moved forward and got into action by nightfall near Hulste.

    October 18th Remaining section of 37th SB moved forward and joined the battery near Hulste.

    October 19th Brigade HQ's moved forward to a position between Leadelede and Hulste.

    October 20th II Corps forced a passage over the River Lys during the night of 19th/20th and attacked at 6am from the other side. Good progress made by 9th Division (right) but the 36th Division on the left was held up and formed a flank only. 1918

    October 24th 37th, 335th and 350th SB's crossed the River LYS at Harlebeke and parked at the latter place whilst positions were reconnoitred. These batteries subsequently pulled into position east of Deerlyck. 59th Brigade HQ's were moved across the river during the afternoon and opened in the vicinity of the batteries.

    October25th At 9 am II Corps attacked with the object of reaching the crossing over the River Escalut. The attack was held up on the left and an average of about 1000 - 2000 yds advance was made including the capture of Ingoyghem. Batteries (6 no. Howitzers) joined in a creeping barrage and bombarded key points.

    October 28th 30th SB moved up from Ypres, where they had remained parked since the beginning of the Flanders battles owing to their lorries not being available. The battery crossed the (river) Lys today and parked in Harlebeke.

    October 30th 335th & 350th SB's moved to forward positions near Kmocke, 37th SB moved forward another section to a forward position which had been taken up by 1 section during the advance of 25th October.

    October 31st II Corps attacked at 5.25 am with French on the left and XIX Corps on the right. All objectives were taken and the River Escault reached. Batteries cooperated by bombarding strong points on the approach of our infantry.

    November 1st Brigade HQ's moved forward to Knocke. II Corps, with French on the left, continued to push forward towards the (river) Scheldt but heavy artillery did not participate in the fighting.

    November 2nd Positions were reconnoitred in the forward area, for batteries of the Brigade for the purpose of covering a forcing of the (river) Scheldt.

    November 3rd II Corps was withdrawn from the line and Brigade came under the orders of XIX Corps Heavy Artillery. Col. A.J.H. Keyes was attached to the Brigade Head Quarters.

    November 4th Batteries proceeded with the preparation of of the forward positions.

    November 6th Capt. M. Wilks, RAMC posted to Brigade HQ as Medical Officer in place of Lt. E.B. Peace M.O.R.C. USA. 37th SB had 2 men killed at their forward battery position by hostile shell fire. (One of these fatalities was Jim)

    November 8th 37th, 335th & 350th SB's moved their guns forward to positions near Caster preparatory to the Battle for the crossing of the (river) Scheldt. A guard only was left with the guns, the personnel of the batteries still remaining behind at their old battery positions.

    November 10th Enemy retired from the East bank of the Scheldt and batteries were ordered to stand fast with the move of their personnel and stores to their forward positions. Report received that the Kaiser had abdicated. II Corps Heavy Artillery took over command of the Brigade from the XIX Corps Heavy Artillery. Notification received that Armistice terms had been accepted by the German Government.

    November 11th Orders received to “Stand Fast” at 11 am.

    November 13th Brigade HQ moved into billets at Deerlyck. 37Th & 350th SB's also moved into Deerlyck.

    November 15th XIX Corps Heavy Artillery took over command of the Brigade from II Corps Heavy Artillery.

    John Osborn


    Cpl. Lawrence Cades 15th Battalion King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry (d.16th Aug 1918)

    Lawrence Cades Medal Index Card

    Lawrence Cades aged 39, died on 16th August 1918 whilst serving with the 15th Battalion King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry. (formerly 52570 RGA) Born in Jarrow he was the husband of Isabella Cades (nee McLaughlin) of 20 Deptford Terrace Sunderland. On the 1911 census he is listed as Lawrence Cades age 31 Painter and Decorator living with his wife Isabella and children at 20 Deptford Terrace, Sunderland. He enlisted in Sunderland.

    Lawrence is buried in Aval Wood Military Cemetery. Vieux-Berquin.

    Vin Mullen


    Serjeant Harry Burgess 262nd Siege Battery Royal Garrison Artillery (d.8th Jul 1917)

    Harry Burgess Medal Index Card

    Harry Burgess was aged 25 when he died on 8th July 1917 whilst serving with 262nd Siege Battery Royal Garrison Artillery. Born and enlisted in Jarrow, he was the son of John Robert and Margaret Burgess (nee Veitch) of Jarrow. Harry Burgess age 19 Gunner is with the Royal Garrison Artillery at The Citadel, Plymouth on the 1911 census, his widowed father John Robert Burgess and family are at 239 High Street, Jarrow. His 2 older brothers William Soutter Burgess and James Burgess were also of the fallen.

    Harry is buried in Rois Arbres Cemetery. Steenwerck. He is commemorated on the Triptych in St. Paul's Church Jarrow.

    Harry Burgess family grave in Jarrow Cemetery

    Vin Mullen


    Gnr. James Bentham 12th Company Royal Garrison Artillery (d.16th Apr 1916)

    James Bentham Gunner 58836 of the 12th Company Royal Garrison Artillery, died age 27 on 16th April 1916 at home. He was the son of Matthew and Mary Bentham (nee Cain) of 61 Buddle Street Jarrow. Born around 1889 and living Jarrow, he enlisted in Gateshead. On the 1911 census, he is recorded as James Bentham age 22 Gunner, with 87th Company, Royal Garrison Artillery stationed at Hong Kong

    James is buried in Jarrow Cemetery and is commemorated on the Triptych in St. Paul's Church Jarrow. His brothers Robert and Thomas Bentham were also of the fallen.

    Vin Mullen


    Gnr. John Craig Anderson 9th Siege Battery Royal Garrison Artillery (d.6th Sep 1917)

    John Craig Anderson's Medal Index Card

    John Craig Anderson served as a gunner with 9th Siege Battery Royal Garrison Artillery. Aged 33 he died on 6th September 1917 in Warrington. He was born in Jarrow in 1882 and was living in Jarrow when he enlisted in Newcastle. On the 1911 census he is listed as John Craig Anderson aged 27 Caulker in Shipyard living with his wife Edith Anderson at 37 Percy Street, Jarrow, John is buried in Jarrow Cemetery and is commemorated on the Triptych in St. Paul's Church Jarrow. He was also commemorated on the Triptych (left panel) in St. Mark's Church Jarrow (it is no longer a Church and the Triptych is no longer there)

    John Craig Anderson CWGC headstone in Jarrow Cemetery

    Triptych (left panel) in that was in St. Mark's Church in Jarrow (it is no longer a Church)

    Vin Mullen


    Gunner Matthew Freeman 32nd Siege Battery Royal Garrison Artillery (d.23rd Jul 1916)

    Matthew Freeman, was born and lived in Jarrow, he enlisted at North Shields and served with 32nd Siege Battery Royal Garrison Artillery, which was attached to 45th Brigade and landed in France during October 1915. It consisted of 6 x 6 inch Howitzers. Mathew was killed in action aged 27 on the 23rd July 1916. He is buried in Peronne Road Cemetery Maricourt and is remembered on the Triptych in St. Pal's Church Jarrow.

    Vin Mullen


    Gnr. A. A. Coxhead 1st Siege Battery Royal Garrison Artillery

    The signature of 35582 Gnr A A Coxhead, 1st Siege Battery, Royal Garrison Artillery appears on a Pyke Brothers Riverina Pride flour bag signed by 'Lads and Regiments in France' which belonged to Private S H Nest, 20 Battalion AIF, and is now on display.

    Malcolm Coxhead


    Gnr. Jonah Weston 41st Siege Battery Royal Garrison Artillery (d.10th June 1917)

    Having joined up prior to the outbreak of hostilities Jonah weston first went to France on the 9th December 1915. He died, along with four other members of his gun crew on 10th June 1917 at the Battle of Messines following a direct hit.

    Claire Constable


    Sgt. Denis Timothy Drake 90th Heavy Battery Royal Garrsion Artillery (d.11th Jun 1917)

    Sgt. Denis Timothy Drake's Grave in St Quentin Cabaret Cemetery, Belgium

    My Great Grand Uncle Denis Drake enlisted in Waterford on the 7th December 1903 aged 18 years. He was then sent to the Royal Garrison Artillery's No. 3 Depot at the Citadel in Plymouth, England in order to undertake his basic training.

    From the 1911 census I know that Denis was serving with the RGA 90th Heavy Battery at Multan in India and had the rank of Gunner. On the 1st June 1915 Denis and the 90th Heavy Battery landed at Cape Helles in Gallipoli having departed from Nowgong in Central India. The 90th Heavy Battery served throughout the rest of the Gallipoli campaign and was under the command of the 29th Artillery Division. In January 1916 the 90th was evacuated along with the rest of the British force at Cape Helles and moved to Egypt where it was reorganised and resumed training.

    In April 1916, the 90th was sent to the Western Front and came under the command of the 22nd Heavy Artillery Group. The 90th spent the rest of 1916 on the battlefield of the Somme and was heavily engaged at times during that battle. In early 1917, Denis and the 90th were moved to Flanders and came under the orders of the 2nd New Zealand and Australian Army Corps.

    In June 1917 the British Army launched the "Battle of Messines" at Ypres. The intention of this battle was to capture a ridge of high ground running southwards from Ypres. This was required before a larger offensive could be undertaken aimed at breaking out of the Ypres area and recapturing the Belgian coast. The British attack involved a heavy artillery bombardment of enemy positions and the detonation of 19 enormous mines below key German strong points. This attack was a success and the Ridge was gained. However once the German's recovered from the initial shock they launched Heavy Artillery down on the newly won ground and on the British Artillery behind it. It was in one of these artillery attacks on the 11th June 1917 that Sergeant Denis Drake was killed aged 32 years.

    According to the war diary for the 90th Heavy Battery, during the initial British attack at Messines the 90th Battery's job was "Counter Battery work" - that is firing to destroy or neutralise enemy artillery. During this work the Germans responded by "the battery and vicinity was shelled by asphyxiating gas shell from dusk to dawn", but the gunners toiled away throughout this wearing gas masks. The entry in the War Diary for the 11th June 1917 states that an enemy gun fired several high explosive shells into the battery's position at about 1600 hrs and "Sgt Drake was severely wounded and died in a few minutes". Three other men were also badly wounded, one dying in Hospital later in the day.

    Sergeant Denis Drake is buried at Saint Quentin Cabaret Military Cemetery in Belgium.

    Alan Roche


    Sgt. Maurice William Harry Baker 1st Siege Battery Royal Garrison Artillery (d.10th April 1918)

    Maurice Baker is listed on the War Memorial and Roll of Honour for Minchinhampton, Gloucestershire. He was the husband of Gertrude Baker of 24 Seymour Road, Ipswich. Remembered with honour. Maurice is buried at Ebblington Military Cemetary, France.


    James Stewart Corney 297th Siege Battery Royal Garrison Artillery

    On the 7th of August 1917, 297th Siege Battery of the RGA suffered casualties, including 5 dead: Briggs,R; Messenger,AD; Plastts,H; Taunton,PCJ; Taylor,AE and at least one seriously wounded by shrapnel, being my Grandfather James Stewart Corney, who was repatriated on the 8th August 1917. I believe this was at Ypres, but don't know for sure.

    Jeremy Corney


    Cpl. James Houston MM 42nd Siege Battery Royal Garrison Artillery

    My Grandfather, James Houston, was awarded Military Medal in the first Battle of the Somme, he served with 42nd Siege Battery on the 9.2 inch Howitzer.

    John van-Vegchel


    Gnr. Charles Frederick G. Peacock 200th Siege Battery Royal Garrison Artillery (d.27th May 1918)

    Just yesterday I learned that Charles Frederick G. Peacock died in the War. I was earlier aware of his enlistment but not of his death. He was a first cousin of my grandmother Harriet. They were both born in Forest Hill, Kent. Charles married in 1918 to a May Mundy, possibly when home on leave. His parents were: Frederick George Peacock 1867-1948, mother Elizabeth Mary nee Drinkwater 1869-1944. My grandmother emigrated to Canada in 1906, and it is possible she never knew of Charles' death in 1918.

    Beryl R Meehan


    Lt. Victor Leo Hill Royal Garrison Artillery

    Victor Leo Hill in 1901

    Victor Hill enlisted with the Royal Regiment of Artillery, Fort Rowner, Gosport, Hampshire on the 8th of May 1900. His record of service is as follows
    • 1901 - Boy Soldier, Royal Garrison Artillery, Fort Rowner, Gosport, Hampshire
    • 29 Oct 1904-Specialist Depression Range Finding Course, Cork Harbour, Ireland
    • 8 Nov 1904-Promoted to Acting Bombardier, 8 Company, Royal Garrison Artillery
    • 14 Jul 1905-Local Short Gunnery Course, Gibraltar
    • May-Sep 1906-Gunnery Short Course, Shoeburyness, Kent
    • Sep-Oct 1906-Light Guns Instructor's Course, Shoeburyness, Kent
    • 15 Feb 1907-Corporal's Promotion Course, Gibraltar
    • 1 Apr 1907-Gun Laying Course, Gibraltar
    • Feb-Nov 1908-Gunnery Staff Instructor's Course, Shoeburyness, Kent
    • 26 Mar 1908-Promoted to Bombardier, 8 Company, Royal Garrison Artillery
    • 1 Nov 1910-Gun Laying Course, Gibraltar
    • 1911-EW Bombardier, 8 Company, Royal Garrison Artillery, Europa Barracks, Gibraltar
    • 23 Jan 1912-Gun Laying Course, Gibraltar
    • 15 Jun 1912-Promoted to Corporal, 8 Company, Royal Garrison Artillery
    • 20 Apr 1913-Gun Laying Course, Sheerness, Kent
    • 2 Oct 1914-Posted to 7th Siege Battery, Royal Garrison Artillery, Woolwich
    • 5 Oct 1914-Arrived Belgium with British Expeditionary Force (The Old Contemptibles)
    • 6 Oct 1914-7th Siege Battery, Royal Garrison Artillery, Ostende, Belgium
    • 13 Oct 1914-Returned to England
    • 27 Oct 1914-7th Siege Battery, Royal Garrison Artillery, Boulogne, France
    • 6–23 Nov 1914-7th Siege Battery, Royal Garrison Artillery, Hazebrouck, France
    • Nov-Dec 1914-7th Siege Battery, Royal Garrison Artillery, Loker, Belgium
    • 31 Aug 1915-Field promotion to 2nd Lieutenant for "Loyalty, Courage & Good Conduct"
    • 1 Jul 1917-Promoted to Lieutenant, Royal Garrison Artillery
    • 20 Apr 1919-Royal Garrison Artillery, North District, Gibraltar
    • 1920-Army Quarters, Bruces Farm, Gibraltar
    • 8 May 1921-Retired from war service with Royal Artillery, Dover, Kent
    • 16 Apr 1935-Appointed Special War Department Clerk
    • 8 May 1940-Retired from uniform service with Royal Artillery as Lieutenant
    • 1940-Appointed as Civil Servant, working for the Army
    • 1951-Civil Servant, Army Barracks Store, Weedon, Northamptonshire
    • 28 Dec 1955-Civil Servant, Army Barracks Store, Weedon, Northamptonshire
    • May 1951-Retirement from Army
    • 5 May 1951-Commendation by Secretary of State for "valued work in the War Department" and "appreciation for his long years of loyal service"

    Victor Leo Hill

    Victor Leo Hill

    Richard Hill


    George Albert Bonner Royal Garrison Artillery

    George Bonner was 33 when he was recruited and was appointed to the Royal Garrison Artillery. He had married Lily in 1903 and had five children, my grandfather was the youngest and only 10 months old at that time. I don't know anything about his service other than I don't think he was wounded and his date of dispersal was 24th May 1919 at Crystal Palace. A sixth child was born in September the following year 1920.

    Angela McPherson


    Gnr. John Raymond "Jack" Meredith Royal Garrison Artillery

    My Grandfather John Meredith was a Gunner in France during WW1 and may have been in Ypres and The Somme. We are still researching this but Grandad lived in Enfield and survived the War


    Maj. John Henry Brabazon MC. 137 Heavy Battery Royal Garrison Artillery

    Fifth Supplement to The London Gazette, volume WO389/7, Number 30813, Page 8779:

    Awarded the Military Cross. T./Lt. John Henry Brabazon, R.G.A. For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty in remaining at his observation post in a precarious position and enabling the battery to inflict severe losses on the advancing infantry."

    Essigny on 21st March 1918, while John Henry served with 137 Heavy Battery RGA. He was my grandfather.

    S. Flynn


    Bdr. Frank Davison 332 Seige Battery Royal Garrison Artillery (d.28th Sep 1917)

    My great uncle was Bdr 317454 Frank Davison from Faversham, Kent. He served with the Home Counties (Kent) Heavy Battery before joining 332 Seige Battery RGA with whom he died of wounds on 26/09/1917. He is buried in Dozinghem Military Cemetery near Poperinghe.Also buried very close is Corporal 125696 Fred Hudd of the same Battery. He died of wounds on 28/09/1917. In Brandhoek Military Cemetery is Gunner 168213 Duncan LANG of the same battery. He died of wounds on 30/09/1917. Did these men die through wounds sustained at the same time? My great uncle served with the unit of the Battery that was based in Preston Street, Faversham. Any information of the Home Counties (Kent) Heavy Battery or 332 Siege battery would be gratefully received.

    Ian Davison


    Sgt. Harold Downs DCM 11th Hull Heavy Battery Royal Garrison Artillery

    There seems to be little information regarding the 11th Hull Heavy Battery of the Royal Garrison Artillery, but I have just finished a book concerning their time in East Africa fighting the German General Von Lettow Vorbeck and his army. I can't take much credit for the book as it is actually a first hand account written by Sgt Harold Downs DCM. He joined in Hull in 1914 and made it all the way through the war, despite getting Maleria in 1917 and being redeployed to Northern France just in time for the Big Push of 1918. If anyone is interested and would like to know more, please get in touch.

    Richard Pullen


    Gnr. Thomas Joseph Hussey Royal Garrison Artillery

    My Grandfather, Thomas J Hussey, served in the Royal Garrison Artillery in World War One. I don't know too much about his service. He was from outside Mullingar, Co. Westmeath, Ireland. He was long dead before I was born. I have his medals, (the British war medal and the Victory Medal). He was 39 and single when he joined up. Apparently he used to talk about serving in 'France and Flanders'. He had an old shell case that he brought home also, which we don't have any more. I have a photocopy of a letter that he sent home in 1916 to a neighbour. I know he also served in the East in the Palestine campaign and possibly Egypt or Mesopotamia and was in Jerusalem in 1917 when the British took it from the Turks. He served mass for the Chaplain on Christmas Day 1917 and the Chaplain asked him to guess his name, 'Joe' as he was known, guessed it correctly as Murphy and the Priest told him that he would go home safely from the war, and he did. He married and had 5 children and worked in a saw mills for years and as a farmer also. He passed away in September 1951. Unfortunately I don't have any photos of him.

    Patrick Hussey


    Gnr. Herbert George "Bertie" Dolley 48th Heavy Battery Royal Garrison Artillery (d.25th Dec 1915)

    Bertie Dolley married my maternal grandmother, Emma Cocks, at St Marys Church, Hertingfordbury on 15th April 1909. He was 21 and she 24.He was, I believe, at that time a police constable in Bishops Stortford. They lived at Coles Green.

    He was among the first of the BEF to set foot in France in August 1914. Gunner Herbert Dolley 19963 was a member of 48th Heavy Battery Royal Garrison Artillery. The photos of him at the time show him dressed as a cavalryman, when most of his comrades would have been dressed as infantry soldiers, perhaps his being groom to Captain Rupert B. Peters had something to do with that.

    He was 29 years old and had four young children, the youngest, my mother just 14 months, when on Christmas Day 1915 he was killed by enemy shelling. It was reported he climbed out of the relative safety of a cellar during the barrage of German artillery shells, to waken two men who were sleeping in a barn. The barn took a direct hit and all three were killed. A letter was found amongst his belongings, which was sent to the addressee Mrs Leslie of Birch Green Schools, in it he thanked the children for the parcel he had safely received, and said how much he would treasure the card they had sent with it. It had brought back many pleasant memories of the happy hours spent with his school chums, many of whom, he knew had given their lives for the country. Both this letter and the one from Captain Peters which accompanied, it were later published in The Hertingfordbury War Record along with the notification of Herbert's death. Captain Peters spoke of how much he liked my Grandfather who was his groom and said how deeply saddened he was for my widowed Grandmother and her four little, now fatherless, children.

    Gunner Dolley 19963 is buried in Louvencourt Military Cemetery Plot 1, Row C, Grave 24.

    John Herbert Webb


    Gnr. Herbert Wilson Broadhead 278 Siege Btty. Royal Garrison Artillery

    Herbert Broadhead, my Great-Grandfather, was a Gunner with the 278 & 535 Siege Batteries, RGA in France, he joined the Army in 1915. He was gassed in 1918 and sent to 26th Hospital, Etaples and then to Birmingham. He spent 61 days in hospital before returning to the Front.

    Nick Monaghan


    Gnr Edward Alexander Munroe Campbell 1st Siege Battery Royal Garrison Artillery

    Edward A. M. Campbell Gnr 54070, was my Great Uncle. He enlisted 25 Nov 1914 at Oldham at the age of 21. He was posted to the 1st Siege Battery, RGA 22 May 1915. Dec 1915 he was posted to the 123rd Siege Battery, 41st Brigade, RGA where he served the rest of the was. He spent a total of 3 yrs. 287 days assigned to the B.E.F. in France. He was discharged 6 May 1919. He was awarded the 1914-15 Star, British War Medal and the WW1 Victory Medal.

    Paul M. Blank


    Major Arthur Crichton Thomas 355th Battery Royal Garrison Artillery (d.19th Nov, 1917)

    My story begins in memory of the 3rd son Major Arthur Crichton Thomas, who was born in Jamaica B.W.I. 29th Dec,1890. He also went to the UK and joined the British Army of WW-1, he died on 19th Nov while serving with the Royal Garrison Artillery, and is buried in Belgium at Talana Farm Cemetery. This son of my grandfather, Jamaican Police Inspector Herbert Theodore Thomas 1856 to 1930. This son is also one of five sons who fought in the British Army of WW-1. All these five brothers were my step-uncles from my grandfather's first marriage. My grandfather did marry again after his first wife died, to my grandmother Leonora Thomas in Jamaica.

    Gerald A. Archambeau


    Cpt. Harry Reid Thomas 34th Siege Battery Royal Garrison Artillery (d.25th Dec, 1915)

    My step-uncle, Harry R.Thomas, was the first son of my grandfather, Jamaican Police Inspector Herbert Theodore Thomas, from his first marriage to Gertrude Thomas. Harry R. Thomas was born in Jamaica on 15th March,1883. He attended Jamaica College in Kingston, and he first volunteered to fight in the Boer War with Baden Powell's African Constabulary as a Trooper. For his service he was awarded the King's Medal with 5 clasps. After the Boer War, he was shipped of to fight again in WW1 as a Captain in France with the Royal Garrison Artillery, and is buried in France, at Vielle, Chapelle, Lacouture. Grave-1.C, 9.

    The sad thing about Harry's story is that this officer who gave his life for his country Jamaica, and the UK His memory has been erased in Jamaica, and if I had not done research for my autobiography "A Struggle to Walk with Dignity" 2008, he would never be remembered today as so many other soldiers have been forgotten in the past. My sincere thanks to your organization for this project. I will pass on info about Harry's three other brothers who also died as Officers in WW1.

    Gerald A. Archambeau


    Gnr. John Victor Bathe 132 Siege Battery, 424 Siege Battery Royal Garrison Artillery

    Gnr. J V Bathe 132nd Siege Battery Royal Garrison Artillery

    On 19 December 1916, 96342 Gunner Bathe J V was posted to the Macedonian Expeditionary Force at Salonika. He joined 132 Siege Battery on 8 January 1917. He reported sick on 30 September 1917 and was diagnosed with malaria. Until 17 March 1918 he was in and out of various field hospitals and convalescent camps as the disease fluctuated. When he had recovery sufficiently to return to duty that he joined 424 Siege Battery and during his time with this battery he was sent on a short course at the RA Training School to train as a telephonist. During the final assault on the Bulgarian positions, at about midnight on 17 September, Gunner Bathe was wounded by a splinter from a shrapnel shell which burst above the dugout he was in. Described as a “sitting case” he was taken to a causalty clearing station where he “witnessed the stunt of the Pips”. Later he was taken to a hospital at Dudular, where he was X-rayed and stitched up on the next evening.

    When he had recovered sufficiently, he was transferred to Ghain Tuffieha Camp on Malta where he stayed until 12 January 1919. He then started his return journey to the UK via Taranto in Italy, where he arrived on 14 January. Once back in Britain, he was posted first to the Clearing Office (30 January) and then to 3rd Battery No 3 Siege Artillery Reserve Brigade at Prees Heath, Shropshire, (22 February) and then to 1 Fire Command, Falmouth, Cornwall (10 April) from where he was posted to the Hayle Battery on the north coast of Cornwall, which was under Falmouth Garrison. Gunner Bathe was eventually demobbed on 22 September 1919.

    Peter Bathe


    Sgt. Henry Clarke MID 14th Siege Battery Royal Garrison Artillery

    Henry Clarke was my Great Uncle. His parent's were George Christmas Clarke and Lucy Brown. They was born in Bawdeswell in Norfolk. He served in Gallipoli then onto France. He did 8 years and and 350 days. Certificate of Discharge number 1405766. He enlisted in Norwich, Norfolk. He received The Star & the French bravery medal Croix-d-Guere. Mentions in Despatches British War Victory Medal. Henry also served in 15/16 Fire Command R.G.A. Regiment number 33629. He served for a Reserve for a short time and looks as if he came out of the Army in 1922. I was told that he was awarded the French Medal and was kissed on both cheeks, which at the time he did not approve of. I have one picture of him but I wish I had a photo of him in his army uniform. I just would like him to be remembered by all, as many of them also deserve.

    Faith Batson


    Acting Bomb. Thomas Alfred Hutson 6th Siege Battery Royal Garrison Artillery (d.19th December 1915)

    Thomas Alfred Hutson was born in Romford in 1886, he enlisted to the British Army in 1914 in Great Yarmouth.

    He fought with the Royal Garrison Artillery in France and Belgium, on the 19th of December 1915 he was killed in the early hours of the morning at the second battle of Ypres. The Germans launched a massive gas and artillery attack on the British front line and Artillery line. It was the first known use of the new Chlorine gas. Thomas Alfred Hutson was awarded with 3 campaign medals; Victory Medal, British War Medal and the 1914-1915 star. He will be remembered.

    Samuel Leslie Hutson


    Gunner Fredrick Charles Pentreath Gunner Royal Garrison Artillery (d.24th July 1917)

    Fredrick Charles Pentreath was my Grandmother's brother. He was born in Penzance, Cornwall, and is buried in Dickesbusch New Military Cemetary Extension. He was 29 when he died, and his memory was always spoken about and my Grandmother was able to visit his grave a few years before she died.

    Sally Hartley


    Gnr. Louis Morrice 1st Lancashire Brigade Royal Garrison Artillery (d.10th Aug 1914)

    Liverpool Weekly Mercury, 15th August 1914

    A Cheshire Tragedy.

    The mysterious death of a gunner in the Lancashire Brigade Royal Garrison Artillery whilst engaged in military duties at Bidston on Monday night formed the subject of an inquest held on Wednesday in the Reading-room, Bidston Village, by M J C Bate, the West Cheshire coroner. The proceedings lasted for nearly two hours, and ended in the jury returning an open verdict. Major Stitt, representing the Lancashire Brigade, was present during the inquiry.

    The victim of the tragedy is Louis Morrice, aged twenty, who had been a labourer, and ha resided with his mother and stepfather at 34, Upper Hill-street, Liverpool, until Wednesday of last week, when he joined the artillery. Since that time deceased, with others, had been doing garrison duty at Bidston Hill. The evidence of various members of the corps was to the effect that about midnight on Monday and alarm was raised consequent upon the report of a sentry that a suspected person was loitering in the vicinity of the gun park. The guard turned out, and some shots were fired. The, under the direction of Lieutenant Cook, the men, split up into parties, were moved into the fir wood in extended order with the object of searching for the trespasser. Morrice was one of a party of five who made their way through the thick undergrowth towards the railing dividing the wood from Eleanor-road. When within two or three yards of the railing deceased's comrades saw a flash in front, followed by a retort. Morrice, who was nearest the railings, staggered, cried "Oh! I am shot." and fell to the ground. It was found that a bullet had passed through his body, and although medical aid was promptly summoned, the young soldier died a few minutes after the shot had been fired.

    Bombardier Beamish said that when the alarm was given he ran to the gun park. "There he is," pointing towards a man who was on the wall. Witness ran to seize the man, but he clambered over the wall into the ferns. He challenged the man, but got no response. Witness was the ferns moving. He ordered some of his men to fire, which they did. Lieutenant Cook then arrived, and ordered the men to beat the wood. When witness's men fired, the wood was quite clear so far as soldiers were concerned. The men in the deceased's party were not in complete agreement as to the direction from which the shot which killed Morrice came. One said he saw a flame in front, about ten yards outside the railings. Another said the flash came from the right-hand bottom corner of the railings near the bushes. His opinion was that the shot which killed Morrice came from the wood. A third member of the party said the shot came from the road and not from the wood. This witness did not see anything moving. On the question whether Morrice's rifle had been fired inadvertently through the trigger catching in a twig, it was pointed out by Major Stitt that this was unlikely, as the trigger would require a 6lb poll.

    Lieutenant A E Cook said he gave strict instructions that no one was to fire without challenging. The deceased could not have been in front of any portion of the line owing to the position in which witness had placed his men. Witness added that when he came back to the gun park he saw a man standing close up to the ammunition, and when challenged he ran away. Dr Thomas Brown, captain in the Royal Army Medical corps attached to the Lancashire Brigade, deposed to being called to the deceased. The bullet had gone through the lower part of his body, entering on the right side and coming out on the left near the spine. It was a clean wound, and must have been caused by a nickel bullet - either a service bullet or a bullet from a heavy automatic pistol. It was impossible to distinguish which. From the relative position of the points of entrance and exit he assumed that the bullet was fired from a spot lower than where the man was standing. Judging by the size and the condition of the wound, he thought the shot had been fired at a distance of about twenty yards. Major Stitt told the coroner that there certainly had been men hanging about the garrison "I saw a man myself later on in the night standing beside the ammunition on the Liverpool side of the gun park." The verdict of the jury was that death had been caused by a bullet, but there was no evidence to show by whom the shot had been fired. The jury expressed sympathy with the relatives of the deceased.

    Ian Turner


    Sgt. Joe Bradshaw DCM. 11th Battalion East Lancashire Regiment

    Joe Bradshaw was my husband's grandfather and was revered as a legend in the family. He originally joined up in 1910 giving his name as Jack Bradshaw, and re-enlisted at the start of the war. He appears to have been in Egypt when he was awarded the D.C.M., and I have yet to find out the reason for the award. I am not sure whether the family actually knew as he was a very self-effacing man, so much so that on hearing that the Accrington town dignitaries and population were waiting to greet him on is return when it became known of his medal, he got off the train at the station before so avoid the fuss. If anyone knows how I can find details of the reason for the award I would be most grateful.

    Norma Bradshaw


    Gnr. Percy Bohill Royal Garrison Artillery

    My Grandfather, Percy Bohill, served for two years with the Royal Garrison Artillery in the UK. He was 30 when he was called up and was invalided out with a duodenal ulcer on the 11/07/1918.

    Richard Bohill


    Arthur William Spring London Brigade Royal Garrison Artillery

    My grandfather, Arthur William Spring, joined the Territorial Force, London Brigade, Royal Garrison Artillery on the 16th October 1912, aged 19 years, 0 months. He was given a 3 day pass to get married on the 9th of June 1915, he then went overseas.From his British Army WWI Medal Rolls Index Card he served in Egypt, from 24-7-1915. He did not return to England until mid 1919.

    Steve Spring


    Gnr. John Bryant 1/1st Heavy Coy Kent Royal Garrison Artillery

    Jack Bryant was posted for duty on the 8th of August 1914 at Sheerness. He was wounded at Achiet-le-Grand 23rd of March 1918 and was hospitalized for 2 years before being discharged 23rd March 1920. I would be very grateful for any information in relation to my grandfather.

    Dan Dynes


    L/Bdr. George William Henniker MM. 3rd Seige Battery Royal Garrison Artillery

    George Henniker was my grandfather on my mothers side. During my research I have discovered that he enlisted on 25th October 1915. George served with the Royal Garrison Artillery. His medal cards at the National Archive show that as a gunner he was with the 128th battery (not known if that was the 128th Heavy Battery or the 128th Siege Battery, both units saw service in France).

    George went on to be promoted to Lance Bombardier and was serving with the 3rd Siege Battery at this time. He was awarded the Military Medal on 21st December 1918 allegedly for an action involving him taking a water cart behind enemy lines and returning with water for the troops (more research required). George was transferred to 'Z' Reserve on 2nd April 1919 and returned home safely to West Peckham.

    George had a brother Ernest who served with the 9th Battalion Royal Sussex Regiment who unfortunately did not survive the war and is buried in Tincourt New British Cemetery on the Somme.

    David Sands


    Capt. Harry Reid Thomas 34th Siege Battery Royal Garrison Artillery (d.25th Dec 1915)

    One of my five step-uncles, Harry Thomas, served as a Captain in the British Army. He served as the first Jamaican born officer in the British Army in WW1. These brothers were the sons of my grandfather; Jamaican Police Inspector Herbert Theodore Thomas, from his first marriage to Gertrude Thomas. Captain Harry Reid Thomas was born in Jamaica on the 15th of March 1883. He attended Jamaica College, and volunteered to fight in the Boer War with Baden Powell's African Constabulary as a trooper. For his service he was awarded the King's Medal with 5 clasps.

    After the Boer War, he was shipped off to fight again in WW1 in France where he died on 25th Dec. 1915. He is buried in France, at Viell, Chapell, Lacouture. Grave-1.C.9. This brave solder has been forgotten by his country Jamaica, and should be remembered by the UK for his service. Harry is only one of the five Thomas brothers who served in the British Army of WW1. All of these brothers were officers, and only one of them survived WW1 to fight again in WW2.

    All the research on these brothers was done by UK Genealogist Alan Greveson.

    Gerald A. Archambeau


    Gnr. Hubert Oscar Burton 174 Siege Battery Royal Garrison Artillery

    Hubert Burton is my great grandfather, unfortunately his army records have not survived but I have traced his army career through his unit's war diary at The National Archives. I found his army number through the 1918 Absent Voters List in my local Library.



    Cpl. James C McLoughlin 103rd Siege Battery Royal Garrison Artillery

    James McLoughlin enlisted in the Royal Garrison Artillery in November 1915 at Dover. He was sent to France with 103rd Siege Battery on 29 May 1916. 103rd Siege Battery was armed with two 12-inch railway mounted howitzers and served at Gommecourt during the Battle of the Somme. He remained with this battery for the remainder of the war and was wounded in March 1917 in the head and hand. He served in the Sudan and Cork after the war as a Sergeant.

    103rd Siege Battery was commanded by Major Kenneth Douglas Hutchison for most of the war. Other officers who served during the war with this battery at various times were

    • Captain John Carew Meredith,
    • Lt.Charles Edward Reed,
    • Lt Chadwick Nind Aytoun,
    • 2/Lt Walter George White,
    • 2/Lt Percy Tindell Maybury,
    • Major A Notley,
    • Capt. Francis Edward Rowland,
    • Capt. H. Bamford,
    • A/Capt. Edward Spalding,
    • T/Capt. Edward Granville Eliot,
    • 2/Lt. George Henry Edge,
    • 2/Lt L.J. Ginnett,
    • 2/Lt. James McIntosh Clark,
    • 2/Lt. WWL Halkier,
    • 2/Lt. Hugh Tristram Counsell,
    • 2/Lt. Charles Palmer Nethton,
    • 2/Lt/ D. Williams,
    • 2/Lt. Reginald White Gridley,
    • 2/Lt. Lowe.

    Gunners who served included:

    • 7769 Thomas H. Rooke,
    • 8693 James William Carlisle,
    • 16905 Richard Hogan,
    • 18295 Ben Scott Redfern,
    • 24084 Thomas Plowman,
    • 28872 William Charles Bartholomew,
    • 29896 William Henry Snook,
    • 30862 Arthur Holt,
    • 42878 William Page,
    • 43138 Edwin Beaumont Faulkner,
    • 46971 Arthur Merris Clatworthy,
    • 47962 Wiliam J. Fogarty,
    • 48152 Alfred J. Godfrey,
    • 52057 Frank H. Bracey,
    • 53558 Herbert Ripley,
    • 57680 Arthur William C. Tyrer,
    • 57681 Ernest Sheppard,
    • 57682 Archibald L. Culliford,
    • 57715 Thomas Ainscough,
    • 57771 Charles H. Castro,
    • 57786 Thomas W. Barrett,
    • 57794 Henry Neal,
    • 57809 William Maddams,
    • 57820 Maurice Drummond Stirling,
    • 57823 Thomas Shuttleworth,
    • 57836 Ralph O. Beard,
    • 57847 David H. Gilbert,
    • 57851 James Whitfield,
    • 57855 William Hill,
    • 57865 Cecil E. Jory,
    • 60540 William E Pellow,
    • 62443 James E. Sale,
    • 62499 Charles Henry Butler,
    • 64050 Joseph Smith,
    • 64073 Arthur Henry Dicken,
    • 64107 George Mitchell Sutcliffe,
    • 64168 Frank L. Chimes,
    • 54232 Frank M. Stephens,
    • 64280 George A. Fryer,
    • 64404 Wilfred S. White,
    • 64506 Malcolm Turner,
    • 64549 Frank Ogden,
    • 64666 Harry W. Ellis,
    • 64667 Charles Tompkins,
    • 64668 Henry Toogood,
    • 64680 Henry Jones,
    • 64694 Reginald C. Watsham,
    • 64701 Ernest Burgess,
    • 65486 Isaac Bell Armstrong,
    • 65901 Daniel Mills Fry,
    • 66074 Arthur Pickup,
    • 66334 James Henry Smith,
    • 66371 Henry B. Turner,
    • 66386 William Christopher Singleton,
    • 66608 John Strickland,
    • 66822 George Edward Deighton,
    • 67125 William George Castle,
    • 67353 Percival Joseph Bowyer,
    • 67960 Thomas Stanley Green,
    • 68151 Stanley B. Wills,
    • 70523 Frank Thomas May,
    • 70589 Arthur Moore,
    • 70828 James Walker Parker,
    • 72451 Arthur Rayner Brown.

    Mark McLoughlin


    Lt. Victor Louis Bosker Haigh MC. Royal Garrison Artillery

    Lt. Victor Haigh is buried in Camden, NSW, Australia. His faded gravestone indicates he won an MC. The Supplement to the London Gazette 26th of July 1918 details his act of gallantry: "For Conspicuous Gallantry and devotion to duty. He kept close touch with the field batteries and placed his section in positions of extreme danger, in order to protect the batteries. On one occasion he stopped a panic, collecting stragglers and leading them to high ground, where they were most urgently needed. He had crashed one enemy aeroplane and has many times kept his guns firing until forced by heavy fire to withdraw."

    Camden has a special project going at the moment "Camden Remembers" and we would like further information about him.

    Janice Johnson


    Gnr. Thomas Metcalf 118 Seige Battery Royal Garrison Artillery (d.25th Oct 1917)

    Thomas Metcalf was killed aged 19 during the battle of Passchendaele. The Battery War Diary for the day records: "The guns in action registered visually on their new lines and some 200 rounds were fired in the course of the day and night on counter battery work. Two telephonists, Gunners Dunkley and Metcalf were killed when going forward for the pending attacks with Forward Observation Officer Lieut Gough."

    He has no known grave and is remembered on the Tyne Cot Memorial. His parents were Alfred and Mary Ann Metcalfe.


    Bdr. Samuel Fishburn 138 Seige Battery Royal Garrison Artillery

    My grandfather, Samuel Fishburn was a bombardier with the Royal Garrison Artillery, in the Somme Region. I have been told that he was gassed in one attack, but survived. He enlisted 29th February 1916 and was discharged 12th June 1919. I have located an image of his medal index card, but unfortunately it does not give details of the medals he received. The medal themselves have been lost during their passage through the hands of family members. I have also obtained the war diary day headings for the 138th Battery and hope to add more information as I discover it.



    Gnr. Samuel Davies 170th Siege Bty Royal Garrison Artillary (d.13th May 1917)

    We know nothing about Samuel Davies' service during WW1, except that he served with 170th Siege Battery and is buried in France, at Duisans British Cemetery Etrun, Plot 1V, Row G, Grave 23. How do we find out more information? Can anyone help?

    Alan Mason


    Gnr. Frank Herbert Butler 35th Heavy Battalion Royal Garrison Artillery

    Frank Butler served with 35th Heavy Battery and was discharged sometime in 1916. I would like to know why.

    David Keene


    Gnr. Archibald Henry Deadman 45th Siege Battery Royal Garrison Artillery

    Archibald Deadman was attested on 13/11/1914 at Newhaven and posted to 22nd Company on the 14/12/14, followed by the 18th Company on the 8/2/1915. The 18th and 22nd Companies were Sheeness, Eastern Coast Defences. He was posted to the 45th Siege Battery on the 17/7/1915, on the 31/9/1915 the Battery embarked at Southampton, disembarking at Boulogne on the 1/9/1915. He served with the 45th throughout the war except for a short posting between 2/5/1918 and 8/10/1918 to II Corps Supply Column Rgt. He was embarked at Boulogne on the 16/1/1919 and demobed at Shorncliffe on 18/2/1919.

    Paul Hayter


    Sgt. Edward Coe MM. 11th Siege Battery Royal Garrison Artillery

    Edward Coe was my Grandfather. His Military Medal was gazetted on 13 March 1919. I have no citation or other information on his service, as it appears that his service record was destroyed in the Blitz.

    Susan Potts


    Gunner Francis Richard Scott 247 Siege Battery Royal Garrison Artillery

    Like many others I guess, my Grandfather, Francis Scott left nothing except his "Active Service Testament 1916" book which the men each received from Lord Roberts and some photographs. He was born in 1877 in Ashby, Leicester and was 39 years old when he entered service. Mercifully he lived through the war and I have been asking myself ever since he died why I never asked him about the war. He never mentioned it as far as I can ascertain.

    We have been to Kew to look up the records; although we have found a Francis Richard Scott in 214 Siege Battery (not 247 as he wrote in the book from Lord Roberts) and we have the war diaries from Kew for this group of men, we cannot tell whether it was my Grandfather or not. Was he transferred from 214 Siege Battery to 247 Siege Battery? We cannot find out how to check this. Any help would be highly appreciated.

    Brian Scott


    Gnr. John H Miles 42 Trench Howitzer Bty. Royal Garrison Artillery (d.9th Aug 1915)

    John Miles was my wife's Great Uncle, he was killed at Ypres within 6 weeks of arriving at the front. He is buried at Lijssenhoek Cemetery, alongside others who seem to be from the same gun crew.

    R Horne


    Pte. Henry Manville 2nd Battalion Royal Sussex Regiment (d.20th Nov 1914)

    Henry Manville died of wounds in France & Flanders on the 20th November 1914, aged 35. He was born in Burgess Hill, Sussex, the son of John and Elizabeth Manville of Coxe's Cottages, Plumpton, Sussex and enlisted at Uckfield, Sussex. Henry is buried in Hazebrouck Communal Cemetery, France in Plot III. Row A. Grave 25. He is commemorated on the War Memorial at All Saints' Churchyard, Plumpton and on the Roll of Honour inside All Saints' Church where he shown as enlisting in The Royal Sussex Regiment in 1914. However he first enlisted in the RGA before transferring to The Royal Sussex Regiment. Henry was my Grandfather's older brother and was the only one to not return from the Great War out of all his brothers who enlisted including my Grandfather.

    Julie Maville


    Gnr. Donald Calderhead 108 Heavy Battery Royal Garrison Artillery (d.16th Feb 1917)

    Donald Calderhead is buried At Etaples Military Cemetery in France. He was the son of John Calderhead and Mary Wotherspoon of Wishaw

    Stewart MacPherson


    Joseph Neill 18th Siege Battery Royal Garrison Artillery

    Hi. I am tracing my grandfather's career in the Royal Garrison Artillery. I have been told he was appointed officer commander of 18th Siege Battery RGA 1917-18, though I can not confirm this myself. If I can be of any help or if anyone can provide me with information, please do not hesitate to get in touch.

    Roger Neill


    2nd Lt John William Wellesley Sutton MC. attd. 28th Bde RFA. Royal Garrison Artillery (d.29th Jun 1917)

    I have researched two large candle holders in our local church both of which have memorial plaques on their bases. These candle holders were given to our church when the navy moved out of Portland, Dorset and closed the naval chapel. I could not understand why the two men on the memorial plaques did not appear on the village memorial tablet in the church. Upon researching the two men I found their fathers were high ranking officers in the Royal Navy who must have had the plaques made in memory of their lost sons.

    John William Wellesley Sutton was killed at the battle of Vimy Ridge on the 29th June 1917 where he was killed by poison gas. The other memorial plaque is to another 2nd Lieutenant, John James Fraser Shand R.G.A 185th Heavy Battery killed at the battle of Salonika on the 6th August 1917 at the age of 19.

    C Taylor


    Lt. John Robert "Old Jimmy " Jamieson Highland Brigade; later 178 Siege Battery RGA RFA (Aberdeen); later RGA

    My father John R. Jamieson (1877-1936) enlisted in Edinburgh. Used to handling heavy horses, he joined the RFA (Aberdeen) Highland Brigade. He was later commissioned into the RGA and served in France. I was 2 when he died and have no personal memory of him, but I have a number of interesting mementoes including: His diary for 1918 (including positions of the Battery), and notebook of lecture notes; Six Trench Maps. A copy of "The Old Front Line" (John Masefield, 1917). A copy of "A Battery in France", an account of the service of 178 Battery RGA, including some amusing anecdotes about JRJ. Picture postcards of Arras, Albert and elsewhere. His uniform, including sword; "Pip, Squeak & Wilfred" medals. Ashtray made from bullets and hand bell made from Ypres brass;

    At the end of the War JRJ was made a Chevalier de Merite Agricole.

    Ian Jamieson


    Gnr. Joseph Charles Trull 160th Siege Battery Royal Garrison Artillery (d.9th Apr 1918)

    Joseph Trull was one of five brothers went to France and Flanders in the Great War. Only one survived, my great gramp James Trull.

    Jospeh's Obituary reads:

    A few weeks ago we recorded the distressing news that Mr. and Mrs.W.Trull of Shadwell, Uley had lost their fourth son in action in France - Gunner Joseph Charles Trull of the Royal Garrison Artillery, husband of Mrs. Bessie Trull of Bencombe. He was killed on April 9th in the 26th year of his age. Letters since to hand from officers gave particulars as to how the deceased soldier met his end.

    2nd Lt.P.P.Howe, Siege Battery, France, writing on April 10th to the Rector of Uley (who was asked to break the news to the widow) stated that Gunner Trull was killed instantaneously by enemy shell fire on the previous morning at about 11 o.clock. He was that afternoon laid to rest in a little military cemetery in rear of the line. The Chaplain who buried him was present almost at the scene of his death, and the service was attended by the Commanding Officer and others of his comrades who were able to. There was especially, a little contingent of the signallers among whom he had done his work, and now laid down his life.

    2nd Lieut.C.W.Ruddle of Battery, R.G.A France, the officer with whom the deceased went overseas in the previous June, wrote a most sympathetic and appreciative letter to the widow, in the course of which he said "Your husband had been with me for over a year. Men of his stamp are few and far between. He always did his duty in a quiet way, and made no fuss, however hard his task. At the time of your husbands death the Battalion was not actually in action, but was being shelled, and he, like all of us, was sheltering in a dug-out, when a shell hit the side of it, the concussion causing instant and painless death".

    The late Gunner joined up on Oct 6. 1916 and went to France in June 1917. He returned from his last leave the 6th March only five weeks before his death. His wife is left with two little children. Mr. William Webb's band will play selections of music on Uley Bury tomorrow, Sunday afternoon.

    Jon Eeley


    Mjr. John Harcourt Allen MC. MID. 144 Siege Battery. Royal Garrison Artillery

    John Allen served in France with 122, 220 and 144 Siege Batterries and was mentioned in Despatches in 1918 the same year he was awarded the Military Cross for gallantry for saving the battery's guns during a retreat.

    After the war he served with Territorial Service, Suffolk Heavy Brigade, winning King's prize on four occasions. In 1938 he was Lieutenant-Colonel of the Brigade and commanded East Coast of England's defences 1939 - 1942.

    Mike Fulford


    Sjt. Charles Noel "Blanco" White MM. Royal Garrison Artillery

    I have no record of my Father Charles White, as to how he was awarded the Military Medal. My Siblings tell me he captured a German Machine Gun Post and took Prisoners. He apparently was awarded this as a Sgt., but records show him as a gunner, and no other information. I have his War Medals,including his M.M. I would be grateful if anyone could contact me with any information about my Father, Charles Noel White 44883, who was 65 yrs old when I was born.



    Gnr. William Hardy 1st Lowland Battery Royal Garrison Artillery

    William was my Granddad. He died before I was born but had survived the War. He joined up in August 1914 serving with the 1st Lowland Battery and suffered a shrapnel wound to his right leg on 28/3/1918 which shattered bone. On his discharge from hospital William was transferred to Unit 185 Labour Company where he remained until the end of the war. He "proceeded to Purfleet for Demob" on 12.01.1919 (Long Service). His date of transfer to reserve is listed as 17.02.1919 This is about as much as I could glean from Grandad's service records. Most of the records were held at the War Office Building at Arnside Street in London which was destroyed by fire resulting from a German air raid in 1940. Well over half the records there were lost and many that did survive were damaged by smoke and water (as with my grandad's). Happily, part of his record had been copied to the Pensions Office - I obtained copies of the burnt and unburnt records via

    James Knight


    Gnr. Frederick Jolley 239th Siege Bty Royal Garrison Artillery (d.3rd Aug 1918)

    My great uncle, Frederick Jolley was born in 1890 in Wigan, Lancashire. As I can only find a medal card I assume his service records where in those that have been lost. He served as a Gunner with the 239th Siege Bty, RGA. He was killed on Monday August 3rd 1918 and is buried in Faubourg d'Amiens Cemetery, Arras. This is all I know about his time in the service any information about the 239th Siege Bty or Fred himself would be fantastic.

    Ian Wiggans


    Gnr. Francis T Brooks Royal Garrison Artillery

    I do not have too much information on my great grandfather, all I know is that he signed up to the Royal Garrison Artillery and was a Gunner on 2nd August 1905, aged 22 years old. I know he was based at Pembroke R.G.A. I have his Military History Sheet, which included which missions he was sent on during WW1.

    Before teh Great War he served in Aden, 13/01/1906 to 28/12/1906 and India, 29/12/1906 to 30/01/1907. He came back home as was struck down with malaria caught whilst touring in India. Then he went back to India, 21/01/1908 to 05/02/1914

    During the great War her served in Sierra Leone, 28/05/1916 to 24/05/1917 and with the B.E.F, 20/11/1917 to 27/12/1918. In between those dates he was back at home or back on British soil.

    Now I know after WW1 was over, he didn't go into WW2, rather he did for just 8 months, because he got injured when coming back from a mission at the end of WW1. By then he was married and had 3 children. He moved to Leicester and they owned a pub and a local grocery store in Leicester city centre. Then he committed suicide in 1954 owing to the decline caused by local big shops coming in and taking the trade of small businesses.

    Donna Harrup


    A/Cpl. Edward Brett "Dewey" Goddard Royal Garrison Artillery

    Edward Goddard on enlistment

    My newly discovered Cousins & I are trying to find any information on our Great GrandFather, Edward Brett Goddard, known as Dewey. He left his family in Rutland to fight in WW1 & never returned.The family reached the obvious conclusion that he was lost in battle but, upon my Grandmothers death we discovered that, when she had told us that he "didn't return from WW1", She wasn't exactly lying, she just ommitted to tell us that the reason he didn't return was that he ran off with a German woman & ended up emigrating to America!!! I've contacted some of the "second" family that he subsequently had in America & they have very little information on him at all. We have mamaged to track down a medal card at Kew that lists him as serving in the Royal Garrison Artillery with the rank of Acting Corporal. His regiment number is shown as 132460. One of my American cousins seems to recall him talking of having a horse shot from under him & having to use it as a "shield" in the Battle of the Marne, but he doesn't know which one! Apparently my Great Grandfather "liked to tell a story" so we really have no idea if he was a bit of a fantasist or whether his stories were actually true!! Any information that anybody has or if anybody knows how I can extend my research (without it costing more than I can afford by joining one of the online Genealogy sites!) would be gratefully received.

    Editor's Note: The cap badge worn by your Great Grandfather isn't that of the RGA, the copy of the photo isn't clear enough to tell which it is, but if you have the original you may be able to match it. Have a look at our cap badges page which displays many badges for guidance

    Shaun Jackson


    Gnr. John William Stevenson 69th Siege Battery Royal Garrison Artillery (d.4th Nov 1918)

    Johnny Stevenson went to France in 1917, the eldest son of John and Mary Stevenson on the Island of Stronsay,in Orkney.

    We do not know much about his time in the war, but he was in the RGA and was killed when a gun carriage rolled back on him, just several days before the war ended. He was 21 and is buried in La Vallee Mulatre Cemetery, France.

    One relative visited there in the 1940's and now two of us, his niece and grand niece, are making the journey there.

    Marlene Mainland


    2nd Lt. Sydney Leonard Spalding 200th Siege Battery Royal Garrison Artillery

    Not too much known at this point,but definitely was in action in the Loos area between January and April 1917 possibly in support of 16th Infantry Brigade.

    Obviously went on to Egypt, when I do not know but I do have a photo of the guns in action there though this may have been practice. He came back to work at his family's firm of Spalding & Hodge but could not settle down and left under a cloud. Lived in London & Cambridge and died in 1962.

    Malcolm Spalding


    Gnr. David Glassford Royal Garrison Artillery

    David Glassford was my grandmother's uncle. I have two postcards of him in the trenches December 1916.

    He married in 1918,his marriage cert states that he was a gunner in the RGA and still in service.

    The only David Glassford that fits in the medal cards has regimental number 69321.

    David Todd


    Gnr. William James Stretton Royal Garrison Arillery

    I don't know much about my great grandfather, William Stretton but we do have a lovely photo of him in uniform, and his original discharge certificate.

    William James Stretton in WWI army uniform. Discharge certificate and Medals Roll Index confirm he was a gunner in the Royal Garrison Artillery. First active service, France July 1915.

    His daughter remembered him training at Woolwich and creeping in quietly one night to kiss her and her brother goodbye the night before he left for France. She said he was "on the guns" in France and Belgium, and was in charge of 6 horses to pull the guns. William James Stretton was born in Hastings, Sussex, in 1879, and then moved to the Hackney area of London by 1901. After being invalided out of WWI, his daughter said he moved to Essex to look for a new job.

    L Dixon


    Gnr. Chestney George Overton Royal Garrison Artillery

    British Army WWI Medal Rolls Index Cards, 1914-1920 Record for Chertney G Overton: RGA 144B, Page 4433 further info :SWB list rls a500 ? Please could someone advise of any Battilion or section, so we might find further records or photos. Thank you.

    Simon Whittaker-Overton


    Dvr. Abel Beechey 120th & 111 Heavy Battery Royal Garrison Artillery

    My Grand uncle Abel Beechey, born and bred a canal boatman joined up on 23/4/1916, could not read or write but decided to fight for his country. Served until the end of the war when demobilised 22/7/1919 and returned to his canal boat. Received the war and Victory medals

    Andrew Beechey


    Pte. Alexander Gemmell 326 Seige Battery Royal Garrison Arillery

    This is the story of my father - a soldier, like many others, because he had to be and would not have considered himself a hero in any way. However, also like many others, he did what was asked of him to the very best of his ability and Sandy was described by an officer as 'a capable and intelligent soldier'. Alex (Sandy) Gemmell was born on 10th July 1895 at Letterfinlay near Spean Bridge where his father, Andrew Gemmell worked as a sheep manager and gamekeeper, but who also had a croft in the nearby township of Stronaba. As a youngster Sandy spent a lot of time on the hill helping his father and also becoming a good shot with the gun. He, with his siblings, was educated at Glenfintaig School at Invergloy which was a one teacher school. He walked the three miles there and back each day.

    As he had gained employment as a railway surfaceman on the Invergarry and Fort Augustus railway when WWI broke out he was exempted from military service because of his occupation. He was attested and placed in the Army Reserve on 23rd February 1916 giving his year of birth as 1894 when in fact he was born in 1895. He used to laugh about this but I do not recall any explanation for his doing so. On 18th August 1917 he was mobilised to Royal Garrison Artillery Depot in Plymouth until 6th of September 1917 when he joined 495 Siege Battery RGA where he remained until he embarked from Southampton for France on 1st April 1918, arriving at Le Harve the next day. From there he was posted to 326 Siege Battery in the Field. On the 25th July 1917 he was granted Class 1 pay. On the 3rd of August 1918 he was sent to Corps Rest Camp before rejoining his unit 326 Siege Battery. On 21st February 1919 he was granted leave to UK and being four days late in reporting to his unit on return forfeited four days pay! Instead of returning on 7th March he did not report until the 11th. No reason was given and the evidence was apparently 'documentary'. Although the Armistice had been signed by this time and the war over, he was still on 'active service'.

    Sandy was released from the army on 27th September 1919 and returned to his parent's croft at Stronaba resuming his occupation on the railway as before. He later transferred to The West Highland Line where he worked as a ganger on the permanent way along with his two brothers, Harry and George. Sandy married in 1932 and lived at 2 Railway Cottages close to the 90th milepost of the West Highland Line near Spean Bridge. In 1952 with his wife and daughter he moved to live in the village of Spean Bridge where he died very sudddenly on 17th February 1957. He was, in the post WW1 years a keen shinty player and played as goalkeeper for Spean Bridge. Extremely clever with his hands he made walking sticks and crooks, shinty sticks (camans), acted as barber to his friends and relatives. Not educated beyond 14 years of age he was nevertheless a man who was able to learn skills very quickly and to size up situations before taking any action required. Very knowledgeable about natural history and of local folklore he had a wicked sense of humour and often had a pertinent and witty comment to make. He died when I was 16 and I missed out on so much of his knowledge and wisdom by not knowing him when I was an adult. I have his RA spurs which were found rusting in an outhouse in his father's old croft about 20 years ago. He rarely spoke of the war and his experiences. On the occasions when he did it was in connection with the horses that formed part of his daily life in the army or of escapades he and his pals engaged in. In contrast to the experiences of so many, Sandy's war was relatively short and in the RGA he was usually some way behind the front lines. However it is interesting that in 1922 he acquired his medals so his experiences must have meant something to him more than he cared to admit.

    Catherine Lockhart


    Bdr. Arthur Duncan Whyte MID. 118th Siege Battery Royal Garrison Artillery

    My grandfather Arthur Duncan Whyte was a signaller in 118th Siege BAttery RGA served from June 1916 to 1919 just about everywhere on the Somme and Ypres battlefields. His story is told in a book 'Gunfire :Diary of a Siege Gunner' by A.W. Paton and published in 1927. He was a very proud man and spent many hours helping those returned servicemen who did not come away from the war unscathed.

    The battery was a Scots battery and was raised round Edinburgh in 1915. It was nicknamed the "Crown Nine" battery.



    Lt. David Christie Macarthur No. 8 Mt Bty Royal Garrison Artillery

    My Grandfather, David Christie Macarthur served with No 8 Mt Bty, Royal Garrison Artillery in Peshawar, India during WW1. He was born on 3 March 1898, and was awarded medals which he applied for on 11 March 1921 shortly before his first marriage. The family does not know when he left the service.

    Joyce Surenne Penny


    Capt. Charles Banfield Royal Garrison Artillery

    Photo taken in 1919 of Capt Charles Banfield, RGA and hs wife Sarah Beatrice Williams and sons Stewart Alfred George and Stanley

    My Grandfather was Capt. Charles Banfield. He retired from the Royal Garrison Artillery in 1926. He was married to Sarah Beatrice Williams and had two sons - Stewart Alfred George Banfield in 1914 and Stanley Banfield in 1911.

    Colin Banfield


    Gnr. Archibald Workman 150 Bty. Royal Garrison Artillery

    My grandfather served throughout the Great War, with a minor wound once, and dysentry in 1917. He returned to his home town to pick up his job as village postman until he retired in 1948. He died before I was born, but am told he never talked about his war experiences. But I do have a wonderful collection of postcards he sent my grandmother throughout the fighting, which is most prized!

    Lorna Proctor


    Bdr. Arthur Burgess 20 Heavy Battery Royal Garrison Artillery

    Arthur Burgess was my Grandfather and he served in WW1 in the Royal Garrison Artillery. I know he served in Salonika in 1917 but cannot find any information as to where else he served. He was wounded to the hands and face in Salonika and was admitted to 28 General Hospital in Salonica on 9th April 1917. He survived the war being demobbed on 27th March 1919 and died in 1965.

    Arthur Burgess is sitting down on the left. I have no idea who the others are.

    Derek Burgess


    T. H. Walker 6rd Gun Station Royal Garrison Artillery

    I have in my possession a bible given to T H Walker, dated 4th June 1918 and on active service 1917. I am trying to trace the gentleman in question and find out any more info, with having had his bible given to him during his service in my possession for a number of years now, I'd be grateful of any help.

    Jane Robinson


    2nd Lt. Samuel McCullagh Linden MID 90th Heavy Artillery. Royal Garrison Artillery (d.31 July 1917)

    Samuel is my Great-great Uncle, I have got most of the information about him, but I'm unable to find out why he was mentioned in despatches. Any help in this matter would be great.

    Ian Fereday


    2nd Lt. William Frederick Samuel Harkness 42 Bde.

    My father, William Harkness, joined up from the Trinity College Dublin OTC in 1917 and was commissioned 2Lt on 1/10/1917. He served in France and subsequently in the occupation of Germany in 1919, was promoted Lt on 1/4/1919 and was demobilised on 7/11/1919, relinquishing his commission, retaining the rank of Lt, on 1/4/1920.

    I have a map of Koln area indicating that he was in the 195th Siege Bty during this latter period. I would like to find out more about his service. He left behind Richard Blaker's Medal Without Bar (published by Hodder & Stoughton in 1930) which gives a very vivid account of the life of a junior officer in the Artillery in action in France.

    His slim record at Kew described him as a good officer and mentioned one or two periods of leave and his appointment as Brigade gas officer(42 Bde & 29 Bde, RGA) 13/5/1918-3/6/1918. He never talked of his service so if anyone out there can add anything I would be delighted.

    David Harkness


    Gnr. Leonard Reth Dawe 31st Heavy Battery Royal Garrison Artillery (d.21st Oct 1917)

    Leonard Dawe was my cousin and I have a copy of the notification of death sent to his widow but I cannot read where the death occurred other than at "St John's Hospital....???" Would records show where this hospital was situated and where he was buried please?

    Editors note: Leonard is buried in the Etaples Military Cemetery, which is situated to the north of the town of Etaples on the coast of Northern France not far from Boulogne. There were a number of hospitals around the town and it is very likely that St John's Hospital was the St. John Ambulance Brigade Hospital which was at Etaples. The most likely scenario is that Leonard was injured and evacuated from the front line to the hospital where he died of his wounds.

    Marjorie Cunningham


    Gnr. John Henry Raymond Fox 13th Siege Battery Royal Garrison Artillery

    Ray Fox joined up on the 30th of November 1914 and served with 13th and 14th Siege Battery, RGA. I have his army form b2067, but can't read the hand writing on the campaigns section. I can make out home, 30/11/14 to 15/12/15 then some where (could have been Gallipoli) 16/12/15 to 14/4/16 France 15/4/16 to 26/11/16, Home 27/11/16 to 25/6/18. He was then given a medical discharge, Nephritis.

    Can anyone help find more info, the records I have down loaded are water damaged and have gaps. Does anyone have regimental diarys, for the 13th or 14th Siege Batterys?



    Gnr. Joseph Ward Hodgson 42nd Siege Battery Royal Garrison Artillery

    Joseph Hodgson was my maternal grandfather, he was the headmaster of the local C of E Board school that took children from the local villages of Gleaston, Leece, and Dendron (on the north side of Morecambe Bay) to the age of 14.

    He signed up, aged 34, for service on 10th December 1915 and was called up for service with the RGA on 8th April 1916 at Fort Brockhurst, Gosport and was posted to BEF in France on 8th August 1916 and joined 42nd Siege Battery on 24th August that year, staying with his unit from that time until his discharge on 17 January 1919.

    Unfortunately he died in 1946, three years before my birth, but my mother said that like so many of his generation who were close to the front, he never spoke of the War. However, she did tell the storey of going on a painting holiday to Belgium (he was a keen amateur watercolourist) in the early 1930s and all was normal until they visited a graveyard when this six foot 2 inches tall man, her daddy and a pillar of the local establishment in her home area, collapsed to the ground sobbing and shooed her and her stepmother away until he could regain his composure

    Peter Tate


    James Hodkinson Royal Garrison Artillery

    All I know is what my Grand Mother told me, and that is James Hodkinson moved from Wrexham to Bath and served with an Artillery Garrison in Bath ,and he was gassed in the the war.



    Cpl Thomas Stroud 141st Siege Battery Royal Garrison Artillery

    My Grandfather, Thomas Stroud served in the Boer War in the Army and I have the New Testament Bible given to him by Queen Victoria (not in person of course!). He joined the 141 Siege Battery R.G.A. in WW1. I know this much from the trench art bracelet with a German coin soldered onto it made for his wife and engraved on it was 141 S.B.R.G.A. and he made WW1 tank money box and 2 coal-scuttles which I still have. I did not know what the insignia was until today when I looked through the internet. He died in 1945 a few months before I was born so I never got to meet him.

    My other Grandfather on my mother's side served in WW1 in the R.E.M.E. and I have his diary from the trenches and also some trench art also.

    Victor Stroud


    Gnr. Stephen Powell Royal Garrison Artillery

    I'm searching for information on Stephen Powell of the RGA. Stephen was my wife's Grandfather. We know little other than he was at the Somme and mentioned Flanders. He was also gassed but survived. He was born in 1897, Longton Staffs.



    Pte. Charles Francis Royal Garrison Artillery

    Charles Francis was my grandfather, he served with the RGA and I am trying to trace him for my mother. She was born in 1920. She is the only offspring of Charles Francis and Margaret Annie Kennedy who were married at Mablethorpe in April 1920.

    Robert Smith


    2nd Lt. William James Knox Bell M.C 9th Siege Bty. Royal Garrison Artillery (d.5th Apr 1918)

    I am trying to obtain more information on William James Knox Nell, whose name appears on our village War Memorial in Orton. The CWGC says that he was Second Lieutenant in 9th Seige Bty. Royal Garrison Artillery and his parents were apparently of Ashbrook, Coltraine. Nothing else is known about him in our small village of Orton in Cumbria. Can anyone help, please?

    Mary Jenkin


    Gnr. James Worsnip 395th Siege Battery, B3 Royal Garrison Artillery

    James Worsnip was in the English Artillery Group in Italy. I have a certificate from the Italian Army which awards him with a decoration, It is dated 4 October 1917 and signed by the commandant of the regiment - E. Picconey. I would like to know more about this as he was my grandfather. From Italy he was sent to Mesopotamia in October 1917 and was there at the end of the War.

    Barbara Charlton


    Gunner Thomas Frederick "Pick" Lawton 45 &138 Siege Battery Royal Garrison Artillery

    Thomas Lawton, enlisted in the Army at Grange Road Middlesbrough on 9/10/11 when he was aged 18 years & 6months He Trained at Newhaven & was posted to Bermuda from 14/11/12 to 14/11/14. Then he went to to France aboard the SS. Oratava. His brothers James & George are named on Thomas' Military history sheet as next of Kin They both served with the Royal Navy, James Henry Lawton for 22 years 1900 - 1922 and George Robert Lawton served 15 years from 1904 to 1919.



    Gunner Henry Clarke 103rd TR Battalion Royal Garrison Artillery

    Sorry I was wondering if you had any pictures of the Guns he may have used during WW1? I know he was based at Dover. His Regimental number was I think 191913. If you can help it would be fantastic.

    Ian Clarke


    Gnr. Arthur Hills "K" Anti-Aircraft Bty. Royal Garrison Artillery (d.17th Oct 1918)

    Arthur Hills died on 17th Oct 1918 aged 31. I have a card of him with an unknown female, with the writing on the back, to Mary with love dated 02/03/18. I would be interested in any further information


    Gunner Henry Charles Ault Royal Garrison Artilery

    My grandfather, Henry charles Ault is one of those soldiers whose records apart from medal card are lost. He was a Gunner with the RGA and I believe he was with the seige batt. Mobilised to No 1 Depot, Fort Burgoyne, Dover at the end of August 1916. His Regt no is 115850, Roll RGA/166B. Thats it thats all I have and up until 2 months ago I didn't even know he was a soldier in the 1914-1918 war, I'm sure he was brave and hopefully may even have helped save a life.

    Susan Ault


    Dvr. Thomas Hole Y Bty. Royal Garrison Artillery

    My Granddad Thomas Hole joined in 1916 as a gunner but I don't really know anything more. On a card I have from 1919 he transferred to the reserves at the end of the war and it says one of his specialist military qualifications was as a driver, not that this seems something that would be classed as specialist but maybe then it was. If anyone could help with any information or knows where I could find information that would be a great help and then I could add more to his story.

    Allison Hole


    Gnr. Antonio Edward Mussalli Royal Garrison Artillery (d.22nd Apr 1917)

    I have recently acquired a large portrait photograph of Antonio Mussalli which has the notation of his name, regiment and the day he died at Arras. I would like to trace any family members who may want to have this portrait of one of their ancestors.

    Ann Robinson


    Ronald Cecil Elliott 144th Heavy Battery Royal Garrison Artillery

    My father, Ronald Elliott served with the 144th Heavy Battery, RGA, but I can find no record of him at Kew, he did not come home until 1919, having been there from June of 1916, we know this by the postcards he sent to my Mother. He also had four brothers serving in the army, at the same time, one taken prisioner. I can find none of these records either. Any help or suggestions would be gratefully received.

    Pam Murphy


    Gnr. Robert Brown Royal Garrison Artillery

    I have in my possession a world war one medal awarded to Gnr. Brown, 176780, RGA, it was purchased by myself at a car boot sale in Bury, Lancashire, I would appreciate any information that would lead to the recipients family having the medal returned to them.

    M Dempsey


    Gunner Jack Stallard Royal Garrison Artilery

    I have been asked to enquire by Joseph Stallard about his uncle Jack Stallard and his brother Robert who served together in the RGA. Robert is the father of my negbour Joseph Stallard. Jack Stallard was badly wounded and discharged but died as a result of his wounds on 20 Oct 1918. The family have always said that he was promoted on the field to W.O., but there is no evidence for this. Can you possibly provide any information or the service records of the two brothers Jack and Robert Stallard, please. Thank you

    Gwilym Davies


    2nd Lt. Peter Robertson Purdie M.C Royal Garrison Artillery (d.17th Aug 1917)

    My great uncle, Peter Roberson Purdie died in Flanders and is burried at Coxyde Military cemetery in Belgium. I Would like more information about him and about the circumstances of his Award.

    L. Robertson-Mackay


    Gnr. Lewis Richards 275th Siege Battery Royal Garrison Artillery (d.11th Dec 1918)

    Lewis Richards died of Spanish flu in Belgium on the 11th of December 1918 He was a gunner in the Royal Garrsion Artillery, 275th Siege Battery.

    Helen Baker


    John Hallmark Royal Garrison Artillery

    John Hallmark and eldest daughter May.

    John Hallmark 3rd from right

    John is seated in this photograph.


    2nd Lt. Edward Albert Beer 298th Siege Bty. Royal Garrison Artillery (d.22nd Sep 1917)

    Bert joined the army after leaving school and served until 1913 when he was transferred to the reserves. Recalled from Australia at the outbreak of war, he left his wife in Toowoomba and returned to England to rejoin his regiment. He was sent to the front where he was promoted through the ranks. Bert was killed by a sniper whilst attempting to rescue one of his men who had been wouned in no-man's-land in September 1917 near Voormezelle. He was 30 years old.

    Bill Beer


    Gnr. William Thomas Beer 39th Ammunition Supply Park Royal Garrison Artillery (d.22nd Dec 1917)

    Gnr William Thomas Beer, RGA

    My grandfather, William Beer, was killed by a shell while on police duty at an Ammunition Park outside Ypres in December 1917. William Thomas Beer joined the Territorials in August 1917. He was transferred to 39th Ammunition Park and sent to the front.

    William Thomas Beer, wife Rosina Mary, & children Lillian, Ethel, Winifred, William Alfred & Doris.

    The children were orphaned 4 months after this picture was taken when he was killed near Ypres in December 1917. William is buried in Ypres Reservoir Cemettery.

    Bill Beer


    2nd Lt. John James Fraser Shand 185th Heavy Brigade Royal Garrison Artillery (d.6th Aug 1917)

    I have researched two large candle holders in our local church both of which have memorial plaques on their bases. These candle holders were given to our church when the navy moved out of Portland, Dorset and closed the Naval chapel. I could not understand why the two men on the memorial plaques did not appear on the village memorial tablet in the church. Upon researching the two men I found their fathers were high ranking officers in the Royal Navy who must have had the plaques made in memory of their lost sons.

    John James Fraser Shand R.G.A 185th Heavy Battery was killed at the battle of Salonika on the 6th August 1917 at the age of 19, he was the son of Surgeon Rear-Admiral J. Shand (R.N.) of Royal Naval Hospital, Malta.

    The other memorial plaque is to another 2nd Lieutenant John William Wellesley Sutton was killed at the battle of Vimy Ridge on the 29th June 1917 where he was killed by poison gas.

    C Taylor


    Mjr. Ralph Conran Smythe 2nd Siege Battery Royal Garrison Artillery (d.24th Nov 1915)

    Ralph Conran Smythe was the son of Captain William W. Smythe RN of Plympton St. Mary and his wife Robina Augusta. Ralph was born in Plympton and died aged 35 on 24 November 1915 of wounds received on Monday 22 November 1915. His younger brother Andrew served with the 10th Seige Battery.


    Gnr. Robert Patchett 2nd Siege Battery Royal Garrison Artillery (d.12th Jun 1917)

    Robert Patchett was killed in action on the 12th June 1917. He was the the son of William and Harriett Patchett, of Leicester and husband of Ann Lucy Clarice Patchett, of 68 Ivanhoe Street, Leicester. He lies in in Henin Communal Cemetery Extension, near Arras in France.


    Gnr. Cecil Wood 2nd Siege Battery Royal Garrison Artillery (d.11th Feb 1916)

    Cecil Wood died of wounds received in action in France and is buried in Northwich Cemetery, Cheshire, he was 25 years old.


    2nd Lt. Ernest Walter Winton 2nd Siege Battery Royal Garrison Artillery (d.15th Dec 1917)

    Second Lieutenant Ernest Walter Winton, 2nd Siege Battery, Royal Garrison Artillery, killed in action while taking ammunition up to the firing line 15th December 1917.

    Ernest was was the younger son of Mr & Mrs Weintraud, of Hampstead. The family, like so many at this time, changed their Germanic sounding surname. Born in February 1898 Ernest was educated at Oundle, UCL & Clare College, Cambridge, where he read for the Economics Tripos. Leaving University after 2 terms, he passed through the RMA Woolwich, being gazetted to the RGA in June 1917. He joined his battery on 27 November 1917, and was killed when going into action with his battery for the first time, aged 19. Ernest Winton is buried in Bleuet Farm Cemetery, Belgium.


    Mjr. Cyril Rutherford Young 253rd Siege Bty. Royal Garrison Artillery (d.1st Jul 1917)

    Cyril Young studied engineering at Durham University. He went to France as a subaltern with the 41st Siege Battery, R.G.A., in early 1915. He returned to England in 1916 to train and command the 253rd Siege Battery, returning to France as a Major, early in 1917. On the 7th of June 1917 he was severely wounded at the Battle of Messines. He was sent back to England on the 9th June and died of his wounds in a London hospital on 1st of July 1917.


    Gnr. Ernest Johnson 297 Seige Battery Royal Garrison Artillery

    my grandfather Ernest JOHNSON. He served in WW1 as Gunner 142011 with the 297 Seige Battery of the Royal Garrison Artillery in Salonika, Greece, where he died in 1918 and is buried in Mikra British Cemetery, Kalamaria. I have gone through the usual channels in an effort to research him but his was one of the many records destroyed in WW2. I would be very grateful for any information no matter how small about him or the part played by the RGA in the Salonika campaign.

    Michael Johnson


    2nd Lt. Charles Colville Kelly Royal Garrison Artillery

    This photo includes my husband's grandfather Charles Colville Kelly who joined up in the South African Infantry and as a Private and then the Royal Garrison Artillery as a Second Lt.

    Julie Kelly


    William Brown Royal Garrison Artillery

    William Brown probably enlisted in Portsmouth and probably served in Jersey possibly around 1889 before going to McNabs Island, Halifax, Nova Scotia in 1897. On Jersey, they were part complementing four local batteries (Elizabeth Castle?) There is a chance he married there to Alice Jane Mauger. His service number prior to 1914 could be 6942. Assuming he rejoined the service in 1914, his service number could be 296116. That is all the information I have. Can anyone help put me in the right direction or give me further information?

    Desira Smith


    Kenneth Henry Alexander Durham RGA caa Battery

    My grandfather, Kenneth Alexander, Service number 166096, was a member of the Durham RGA, caa Battery, and served from 27.4.1914 until 10.3.1919, being discharged at Dover. A family story says that he worked on the "big guns" at Hartlepool and spent time on active service abroad. I have been unable to find his service record, possibly one of the burned ones, and would be grateful for any information.

    Margaret Alexander


    Cpl. Godfrey Charles Edwards 9 Pack Bty. Royal Garrison Artillery

    The man on the left is believed to be. Godfrey Charles Edwards

    2nd Pack Brigade. R.G.A. -Royal Guard- 1921

    2nd Pack Brigade. R.G.A. Royal Guard, 1921

    9 Pack Battery at Lavington Camp.

    9th. P. Bty. RGA

    These are some photos that I came across when I was going through some of my late Uncle's papers. He was Mr. Godfrey Charles Edwards born in 1899, at Crofton Farm, Great Bedwyn, Marlborough, Wiltshire. At 6ft 4ins tall, he joined the Army during 1914-18 war, becoming a Corporal, and he would appear to be in each of these pictures.

    In 1921 he was serving with 2nd Pack Brigade. R.G.A. Also I would be very interested in any information anyone may have.

    Joy Aust.


    Acting Bombardier J. J. Hope MM. Durham. Royal Garrison Artillery

    Acting Bombardier Hope was awarded the Military Medal on the 16th of December 1914 during the Bombardment of the Hartlepools when he was manning the guns at Heugh Battery.


    Sjt. F. W. Mallin MM. Durham. Royal Garrison Artillery

    Sjt Mallin was awarded the Military Medal for his part in the Bombardment of the Hartlepools on the 16th of December 1914. He was the Gun Captain of the No 2 gun at Heugh Battery.


    Sjt. T. Douthwaite DCM. Durham. Royal Garrison Artillery

    Sjt Douthwaite was awarded the DCM for his swift action in removing a live cartridge from the Lighthouse gun at Heugh Battery on the 16th of December 1914 during the bombardment of the Hartlepools. The gun had misfired on the fourth shell, one of the leads carrying the electrical charge to fire the cartridge had become detached. The drill was that the cartridge should be left in the barrel for 10 minutes until it cooled. This would mean the gun being out of action. As they were under fire from the German ships. Sjt Douthwaite ordered his men away from the gun emplacement, and at great risk of the cartiridge exploding, withdrew it from teh gun and placed it in a bucket of water. The gun was then switched to percussion firing.


    Capt. Jack Farmer Durham. Royal Garrison Artillery

    Capt Farmer was the gun Captain at the Lighthouse Battery, at Heugh Battery on the 16th of December 1914 during the Bombardment of teh Hartlepools.The third shell from his gun scored a direct hit on the "Bulcher's" forebridge at a distance of some 4,000 yards.


    Lt -Col. Lancelot Robson DSO. Durham. Royal Garrison Artillery

    Lt Col Robson was the fire commander of Heugh Battery and also the Battery Medical Officer, being a Doctor in civilian life. He was at home in Hartlepool when the Bombardment began and rushed to the Battery on his bicycl, leaving his breakfast half eaten, when gunfire first sounded. The journey was not an wasy one as the townsfolk were filling the streets, some fleeing away from the coast, others running towards the sea to look at the spectacle.

    "The guns were going by that time and the first thing that cheered me was the sight of the old battery dog barking away beside the guns! So then I knew that everything was alright" (Northern Daily Mail, 29th March 1935)

    On reaching the lookout Robson found that the telephone lines had been brought down by the shelling, he had long argued that they should be routed underground, but he was relieved to see that the battery was acting under standing orders, as he could not contact his gunners to issue orders.


    Gnr. Robert Spence Durham. Royal Garrison Artillery (d.16th Dec 1914)

    Gnr. Spence was killed by a German shell at Heugh Battery whilst acting as a stretcher barer along with Gnr Houston, attempting to rescue those men wounded by the first shell of the Bombardment.


    Gnr. William Houston Durham. Royal Garrison Artillery (d.16th Dec 1914)

    Gnr. Houston was killed by a German shell at Heugh Battery whilst acting as a stretcher barer along with Gnr Spence, attempting to rescue those men wounded by the first shell of the Bombardment.


    Gnr. Harry Tyson Durham Royal Garrison Artillery

    Gunner Tyson was serving at the Heugh Battery on the 16th December 1914 when the Bombardment of the Hartlepools took place.

    The men were billeted at the Borough Hall and at 7.30 that morning, they marched to the battery singing 'Tipperary'. Each man was issued with 250 rounds of .303 for their Lee Enfield rifles, at this time there was a shortage of webbing so the ammunition had to be carried in the pockets of their Greatcoats. Harry Tyson and Jack Wilkinson were assigned to look out duty and whilst most of their fellow gunners retired to the shelters, they marched back and firth btween the Heugh guns with bayonets fixed. As dawn broke the German raiderswere spotted by the gunners aty South Gare on the southern bank of Teesmouth, and Heugh Battery was alerted by telephone,though at this stage the ships were beleived to be British as they were flying the White Ensign and had responded to the signal. There was a British ship in the area, HMS Doon, whose Captain was aware of the true nationality of the newcommers but was out of range of his guns. He led HMS Moy, Test and Waveney as they closed the range and began firing.

    At Heugh Captain Trenchman ordered the gun crews to man the guns, Tyson and Wilkinson took up their posts at No. 1 gun as Number 2 and Loading number respectivley. The rangefinder crew took the barings and the guns were laid on the inavders.

    "Then all of a sudden the three ships gave us a broadside and Captain Trenchmann called 'Action'"

    The first of the shells began to fall and the men at the Maxin machine gun post were wounded. Shells also fell on the houses behind the Battery. The elctrical firing mechanism of No 1 Gun failed after firing two shots and it too several minutes to change to percussio firing whilst No 2 gun continued to get off 30 rounds. The German fire was very accurate, the shells hitting the concrete and bouncing over the Battery to explode on the houses and in the field behind. One shell landed next to the doors of teh ammunition locker but fortunatley did not explode. Teh German ships continued to fire on the Battery and the town for about 15 minutes before repossitioning and aiming at the docks and West Hartlepool. The ceasefire was ordered at 8.53, after 38 minutes in action, as the German ships retreated into the mist. Gunner Tyson noted in Ward's book "Dawn raid"

    "I would like to say a word of praise to our cooks, Billy Sanderson and Arthur Hall. They must have been making tea all the time we were in action. As soon as we stopped firing out came buckets of hot tea."

    Later that afternoon a group photograph of the gunners was taken


    Capt. Oscar Trenchmann Durham. Royal Garrison Artillery

    Capt Trenchman was the Battery Commader at Heugh Battery during the Bombardment of the Hartlepools on the 16th December 1914.

    He left the battery in 1915 with many of the gunners who had served with him, to join 41st Seige Battery RGA in France, returning to Hartlepool to become fire commander in 1918. His brother Richard also served at Heugh Battery.

    Want to know more about the Royal Garrison Artillery?

    There are:654 articles tagged Royal Garrison Artillery available in our Library

    Recomended Reading.

    Available at discounted prices.

    Dawn Raid: Bombardment of the Hartlepools

    J M Ward

    An excellent account of the naval bombardment on the 16th of December 1914.
    Guns of the Northeast: Coastal Defences from the Tyne to the Humber

    Joe Foster

    A detailed study of the coastal defences of North East England, including accounts of the bombardment of the East coast in 1914, with many excellent photgraphs and diagrams.
    Bombardment: The Day the East Coast Bled

    Mark Marsay

    A well researched book with many personal accounts of the events of the 16th of December 1914
    Retreat and Rearguard 1914: The BEF's Actions from Mons to the Marne

    Jerry Murland

    The British action at Mons on 23 August 1914 was the catalyst for what became a full blown retreat over 200 blood drenched miles. This book examines eighteen of the desperate rearguard actions that occurred during the twelve days of this near rout. While those at Le Cateau and Nery are well chronicled, others such as cavalry actions at Morsain and Taillefontaine, the Connaught Rangers at Le Grand Fayt and 13 Brigades fight at Crepy-en-Valois are virtually unknown even to expert historians. We learn how in the chaos and confusion that inevitably reigned units of Gunners and other supporting arms found themselves in the front line.


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