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World War 1 One ww1 wwII greatwar great

German Army of the North



 German Army - ORBAT  Army of the North

9th German North Army

IX Reserve Corps (General der Infanterie Max von Boehn)

  • 17th Reserve Division
  • 18th Reserve Division
  • 1st Landwehr Division (Senior Landwehr Commander 1)
    • 33rd Mixed Landwehr Brigade
    • 34th Mixed Landwehr Brigade
    • 37th Mixed Landwehr Brigade
    • 38th Mixed Landwehr Brigade

Central Reserves and Border Fortresses

Strassburg 30th Reserve Division

  • 60th Reserve Infantry Brigade
  • 3rd Bavarian Reserve Infantry Brigade
  • 10th Bavarian Reserve Infantry Brigade

    Metz 33rd Reserve Division

    • 8th Bavarian Infantry Brigade
    • 66th Reserve Infantry Brigade
    • Reserve Infantry Regiment Metz

    Thorn 35th Reserve Division

    • 5th Landwehr Infantry Brigade
    • 20th Landwehr Infantry Brigade

    Königsberg

    • 9th Landwehr Infantry Brigade Königsberg
    • Ersatz Infantry Brigade Königsberg

    Posen 19th Landwehr Infantry Brigade

    Graudenz Provisional 69th Infantry Brigade



     Corps structure  9th German Army Reserve Corps part of 1st Army and Army of the North

    Divisions

    • 17th Reserve Infantry Division
    • 18th Reserve Infantry Division
    • 1st Landwehr Division


     Divisional Structure 1915  1st German Division part of 1st Army Corps and 9th Army of the North

    Divisional Order of Battle 1915

    Infantry Brigades

    • 1st Infantry Brigade
      • 1st Grenadiers Regiment
      • 41st Regiment
    • 2nd Infantry Brigade
      • 3rd Grenadiers Regiment
      • 43rd Regiment

    Cavalry

    8th Uhlan Regiment

    Artillery

    1st Artillery Brigade

    • 16th Field Artillery Regiment
    • 52nd Field Artillery Regiment

    Engineers and Liaison

    • 1st Engineers Battalion (1st Command District)
    • 1st Pioneers Field Company
    • 1st Pontoon Engineers
    • 1st Telephone Detachment



     Divisional Structure 1914  1st German Landwehr Division part of 9th German Army Reserve Corps and Army of the North

    On mobilization, the 1st Landwehr Division was created by aggregating four mixed Landwehr brigades (gemischte Landwehr-Brigaden), each of which generally included its own infantry, cavalry and artillery.

    Order of Battle in 1914

    • 33rd Mixed Landwehr Brigade
      • Landwehr Infantry Regiment No. 75
      • Landwehr Infantry Regiment No. 76
      • 2nd Guard Landwehr Squadron
      • 1st Landwehr Squadron/IX Corps
      • 1st Landwehr Battery/IX Corps
    • 34th Mixed Landwehr Brigade
      • Landwehr Infantry Regiment No. 31
      • Landwehr Infantry Regiment No. 84
      • 3rd Guard Landwehr Squadron
      • 2nd Landwehr Squadron/IX Corps
      • 2nd Landwehr Battery/IX Corps
    • 37th Mixed Landwehr Brigade
      • Landwehr Infantry Regiment No. 73
      • Landwehr Infantry Regiment No. 74
      • 2nd Landwehr Squadron/X Corps
      • 2nd Landwehr Field Artillery Battalion/X Corps
    • 38th Mixed Landwehr Brigade
      • Landwehr Infantry Regiment No. 77
      • Landwehr Infantry Regiment No. 78
      • 3rd Landwehr Squadron/X Corps

        The 33rd and 34th Mixed Landwehr Brigades were raised in the IX Corps area (the Province of Schleswig-Holstein, part of the Province of Hanover, the Grand Duchies of Mecklenburg-Schwerin and Mecklenburg-Strelitz, and the Hanseatic Cities of Bremen, Hamburg, and Lübeck). The 37th and 38th Mixed Landwehr Brigades were raised in the X Corps area (the Province of Hanover, the Grand Duchy of Oldenburg, and the Duchy of Brunswick).

        On 27 August, the division was ordered to reinforce the eastern front; however, the 37th and 38th Mixed Landwehr Brigades were left behind to guard the northern coast and later transferred to the western front.

         Divisional Structure 1918  1st German Landwehr Division part of 9th German Army Reserve Corps and Army of the North

        Order of Battle 1918

        German Divisions underwent many changes during the war, with regiments moving from division to division, and some being destroyed and rebuilt. During the war, most divisions became triangular - one infantry brigade with three infantry regiments rather than two infantry brigades of two regiments (a square division). In the case of Landwehr divisions, the mixed Landwehr brigades were converted to regular infantry brigades before being triangularized and were often used to form new units. The 1st Landwehr Division's order of battle on 15 January 1918 was as follows:

        34th Landwehr Brigade

        • Landwehr Infantry Regiment No. 31
        • Landwehr Infantry Regiment No. 33
        • Landwehr Infantry Regiment No. 84
        • 3rd Squadron, Light Cavalry Regiment No. 12
        • Artillery Command 128
        • Field Artillery Regiment No. 96
        • Pioneer Battalion No. 401
        • 1st Ersatz Company, Pioneer Battalion 'Prinz Radziwill' (East Prussian) No. 1
        • 2nd Landwehr Pioneer Company/II Corps
        • Trench Mortar Company No. 301
        • Divisional Signals Command 501



        1st August 1914 Early actions 1914  1st German Division part of 1st Army Corps and 8th Army then with 9th and 10th Armies

        1914-1915

        Along with the 2nd Division, the 1st Division formed the 1st Army Corps (Koenigsberg).

        Russia

        The 1st Army Corps was engaged on the Russian Front at the very beginning of the war.

        Up until November, the 1st Division participated in the operations of East Prussia and notably in the battle of Tannenberg (Aug. 27-29).

        In December the two division of the 1st Corps separated. The 2nd Division remained in the north and the 1st Division went to the 9th Army, from December, 1914, to January, 1915 (Bzura-Rawka), then to the Army of the South, operating in the Carpathians and on the Dniester, from February, 1915, to February, 1916.

        If you can provide any additional information, please add it here.



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    Those known to have served with

    German Army of the North

    during the Great War 1914-1918.

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      Want to know more about German Army of the North?


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