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German Army - Deutsches Heer



 German Army Structure  The Imperial German Army (Deutsches Heer) was the name given to the combined land and air forces of the German Empire. The term Deutsches Heer is also used for the modern German Army, the land component of the Bundeswehr. The German Army was formed after the unification of Germany under Prussian leadership in 1871, and dissolved in 1919, after the defeat of the German Empire in World War I.

The basic peacetime organizational structure of the Imperial German Army was based around the Army inspectorate (Armee-Inspektion), the army corps (Armeekorps), the division, and the regiment. During wartime, the staff of the Army inspectorates formed field army commands, which controlled the corps and subordinate units. During World War I, a higher command level, the army group (Heeresgruppe) was created. Each army group controlled several field armies.

Military Service - Conscription.

All European countries, except Britain, required compulsory military service for it's young men, a tradition created by Napoleon Bonaparte. In Germany, all able bodied men between the ages of 17 and 45, were liable for military service. Some men working in professions considered more important than military service were exempt. During the War, some agricultural workers, heavy industrial workers, and munitions workers were also exempt.

The German Army had four classifications of military service; Active, Reserve, Landwehr and Landsturm. At the age of 17, a man might be called up to serve in the Landsturm 1st Ban, a sort of National Guard for home defense. The British Army equivalent was the Territorial Force. In peacetime, it was mandatory to serve in the Army upon a man's 20th birthday. A 2 year period of Active service then began, or 3 years in the cavalry and field artillery. After that time, a man would be liable to serve the next 4 to 5 years in the Reserve, usually a 2 week training period each year. Serving in the Reserve during peacetime, was generally regarded as a vacation from home and work. After the Reserve period, a man was then liable to serve in the Landwehr for the next 11 years. The last stage was being liable for service for 7 years in the Landsturm 2nd Ban. After the age of 45, a man was then free from further military service. It was only in times of war that the Landwehr and Landsturm were expected to be called for duty.

After 1900, another measure was created, the Ersatz (Supplement or Reinforcement) Reserve. The Ersatz Reserve was made up of men fit for active duty, but excused for family or economic reasons, and for minor physical defects. These men were liable for Reserve service for 12 years, where they might be called up for 3 annual training sessions. In practice only a small number of these men underwent any training before 1914. Men unfit for war service were still liable for service in the Landsturm from the age of 17-45.



 German Army - ORBAT  First Army was commanded by Generaloberst Alexander von Kluck.

Order of Battle

II Corps (General der Infanterie Alexander von Linsingen)

  • 3rd Infantry Division
  • 4th Infantry Division

III Corps (General der Infanterie Ewald von Lochow)

  • 5th Infantry Division
  • 6th Infantry Division

IV Corps (General der Infanterie Friedrich Bertram Sixt von Armin)

  • 7th Infantry Division
  • 8th Infantry Division

IX Corps (General der Infanterie Ferdinand von Quast)

  • 17th Infantry Division
  • 18th Infantry Division

III Reserve Corps (General der Infanterie Hans von Beseler)

  • 5th Reserve Division
  • 6th Reserve Division

IV Reserve Corps (General der Artillerie Hans von Gronau)

  • 7th Reserve Division
  • 22nd Reserve Division

IX Reserve Corps (General der Infanterie Max von Boehn)

  • 17th Reserve Division
  • 18th Reserve Division

Army Troops

  • 10th Mixed Landwehr Brigade
  • 11th Mixed Landwehr Brigade
  • 27th Mixed Landwehr Brigade
  • Pionier Regiment


 German Army - ORBAT  2nd Army was commanded by Generaloberst Karl von Bülow.

Guards Corps (General der Infanterie Karl von Plettenberg)

  • 1st Guards Infantry Division
  • 2nd Guards Infantry Division

VII Corps (General der Kavallerie Karl von Einem)

  • 13th Infantry Division
  • 14th Infantry Division

X Corps (General der Infanterie Otto von Emmich)

  • 19th Infantry Division
  • 20th Infantry Division

Guards Reserve Corps (General der Artillerie Max von Gallwitz)

  • 3rd Guards Infantry Division
  • 1st Guards Reserve Division

VII Reserve Corps (General der Infanterie Hans von Zwehl)

  • 13th Reserve Division
  • 14th Reserve Division

X Reserve Corps (General der Infanterie Günther Graf von Kirchbach)

  • 2nd Guards Reserve Division
  • 19th Reserve Division

Army Troops

  • 25th Mixed Landwehr Brigade
  • 29th Mixed Landwehr Brigade
  • 4 Mortar Battalions
  • 10-cm Gun Battalion
  • 2 Heavy Coastal Mortar Batteries
  • 2 Pionier Regiments



 German Army - ORBAT  3rd Army was commanded by Generaloberst Max von Hausen.

XI Corps (General der Infanterie Otto von Plüskow)

  • 22nd Infantry Division
  • 38th Infantry Division

XII (1st Royal Saxon) Corps (General der Infanterie Karl d'Elsa)

  • 23rd Infantry Division
  • 32nd Infantry Division

XIX (2nd Royal Saxon) Corps (General der Kavallerie Maximilian von Laffert)

  • 24th Infantry Division
  • 40th Infantry Division

XII (Royal Saxon) Reserve Corps (General der Artillerie Hans von Kirchbach)

  • 23rd Reserve Division
  • 24th Reserve Division

Army Troops

  • 47th Mixed Landwehr Brigade
  • Mortar Battalion
  • Pionier Regiment



 German Army - ORBAT  4th Army was commanded by Generaloberst Albrecht, Duke of Württemberg.

VI Corps (General der Infanterie Kurt von Pritzelwitz)

  • 11th Infantry Division
  • 12th Infantry Division

VIII Corps (Generalleutnant Erich Tülff von Tschepe und Weidenbach)

  • 15th Infantry Division
  • 16th Infantry Division

XVIII Corps (General der Infanterie Dedo von Schenck)

  • 21st Infantry Division
  • 25th Infantry Division

VIII Reserve Corps (General der Infanterie Wilhelm Freiherr von Egloffstein)

  • 15th Reserve Division
  • 16th Reserve Division

XVIII Reserve Corps (Generalleutnant Kuno von Steuben)

  • 21st Reserve Division
  • 25th Reserve Division

Army Troops

  • 49th Mixed Landwehr Brigade
  • 2 Mortar Battalions
  • Pionier Regiment



 German Army - ORBAT  5th Army was commanded by Generalmajor Wilhelm, Crown Prince of Germany.

V Corps (General der Infanterie Hermann von Strantz)

  • 9th Infantry Division
  • 10th Infantry Division

XIII (Royal Württemberg) Corps (General der Infanterie Max von Fabeck)

  • 26th Infantry Division
  • 27th Infantry Division

XVI Corps (General der Infanterie Bruno von Mudra)

  • 33rd Infantry Division
  • 34th Infantry Division

V Reserve Corps (General der Infanterie Erich von Gündell)

  • 9th Reserve Division
  • 10th Reserve Division

VI Reserve Corps (General der Infanterie Konrad von Goßler)

  • 11th Reserve Division
  • 12th Reserve Division
  • 13th Mixed Landwehr Brigade

2nd Landwehr Division(Senior Landwehr Commander 2)

  • 43rd Mixed Landwehr Brigade
  • 45th Mixed Landwehr Brigade
  • 53rd Mixed Landwehr Brigade
  • 9th Bavarian Mixed Landwehr Brigade
  • 13th Mixed Lanfwehr Brigade

Army Troops

  • 4 Mortar Battalions
  • 2 Pionier Regiments



 German Army - ORBAT  6th Army was commanded by Generaloberst Rupprecht, Crown Prince of Bavaria.

XXI Corps (General der Infanterie Fritz von Below)

  • 31st Infantry Division
  • 42nd Infantry Division

I Bavarian Corps (General der Infanterie Oskar Ritter und Edler v. Xylander)

  • 1st Bavarian Infantry Division
  • 2nd Bavarian Infantry Division

II Bavarian Corps (General der Infanterie Karl Ritter von Martini)

  • 3rd Bavarian Infantry Division
  • 4th Bavarian Infantry Division

III Bavarian Corps (General der Kavallerie Ludwig Freiherr von Gebsattel)

  • 5th Bavarian Infantry Division
  • 6th Bavarian Infantry Division

I Bavarian Reserve Corps (General der Infanterie Karl Ritter von Fasbender)

  • 1st Bavarian Reserve Division
  • 5th Bavarian Reserve Division

Army Troops

  • Guards Ersatz Division
  • 4th Ersatz Division
  • 8th Ersatz Division
  • 10th Ersatz Division
  • 3 Mortar Battalions
  • Heavy Coastal Mortar Battery
  • Heavy Coastal Gun Battery
  • 2 Pionier Regiments



 German Army - ORBAT  7th Army was commanded by Generaloberst Josias von Heeringen.

XIV Corps (General der Infanterie Ernst Freiherr von Hoiningen, Gen. Huene)

  • 28th Infantry Division
  • 29th Infantry Division

XV Corps (General der Infanterie Berthold von Deimling)

  • 30th Infantry Division
  • 39th Infantry Division

XIV Reserve Corps (General der Artillerie Richard von Schubert)

  • 26th Reserve Division
  • 28th Reserve Division

Army Troops

  • 19th Ersatz Division
  • Bavarian Ersatz Division
  • 60th Mixed Landwehr Brigade
  • Upper Rhine Fortifications
  • 55th Mixed Landwehr Brigade
  • 110th Reinforced Landwehr Infantry Regiment
  • 1st Bavarian Mixed Landwehr Brigade
  • 2nd Bavarian Mixed Landwehr Brigade



 German Army - ORBAT  Eastern Front - Eighth Army

8th Army was commanded by Generaloberst Maximilian von Prittwitz.

I Corps (Generalleutnant Hermann von François)

  • 1st Infantry Division
  • 2nd Infantry Division

XVII Corps (General der Kavallerie August von Mackensen)

  • 35th Infantry Division
  • 36th Infantry Division

XX Corps (General der Infanterie Friedrich von Scholtz)

  • 37th Infantry Division
  • 41st Infantry Division

I Reserve Corps (Generalleutnant Otto von Below)

  • 1st Reserve Division
  • 36th Reserve Division
  • 3rd Reserve Division
  • 1st Cavalry Division

Landwehr Corps (General der Infanterie Remus von Woyrsch)

  • 3rd Landwehr Division (Senior Landwehr Commander 3)
  • 17th Landwehr Infantry Brigade
  • 18th Landwehr Infantry Brigade

  • 4th Landwehr Division (Senior Landwehr Commander 4)
  • 22nd Landwehr Infantry Brigade
  • 23rd Landwehr Infantry Brigade

Army Troops

  • 2nd Mixed Landwehr Brigade
  • 6th Mixed Landwehr Brigade
  • 70th Mixed Landwehr Brigade



 German Army - ORBAT  Army of the North

9th German North Army

IX Reserve Corps (General der Infanterie Max von Boehn)

  • 17th Reserve Division
  • 18th Reserve Division
  • 1st Landwehr Division (Senior Landwehr Commander 1)
    • 33rd Mixed Landwehr Brigade
    • 34th Mixed Landwehr Brigade
    • 37th Mixed Landwehr Brigade
    • 38th Mixed Landwehr Brigade

Central Reserves and Border Fortresses

Strassburg 30th Reserve Division

  • 60th Reserve Infantry Brigade
  • 3rd Bavarian Reserve Infantry Brigade
  • 10th Bavarian Reserve Infantry Brigade

    Metz 33rd Reserve Division

    • 8th Bavarian Infantry Brigade
    • 66th Reserve Infantry Brigade
    • Reserve Infantry Regiment Metz

    Thorn 35th Reserve Division

    • 5th Landwehr Infantry Brigade
    • 20th Landwehr Infantry Brigade

    Königsberg

    • 9th Landwehr Infantry Brigade Königsberg
    • Ersatz Infantry Brigade Königsberg

    Posen 19th Landwehr Infantry Brigade

    Graudenz Provisional 69th Infantry Brigade



     Corps Structure  1st Bavarian Army Corps part of 6th Army Group.

    Divisions

    • 1st Bavarian Infantry Division
    • 2nd Bavarian Infantry Division


     Corps structure  2nd Bavarian Army Corps part of 6th Army

    Divisions

  • 3rd Bavarian Infantry Division
  • 4th Bavarian Infantry Division

     Corps structure  3rd Bavarian Army Corps part of 6th Army

    Divisions

    • 5th Bavarian Infantry Division
    • 6th Bavarian Infantry Division


     Corps structure  1st Bavarian Reserve Army Corps part of 6th Army

    Divisions

    • 1st Bavarian Reserve Infantry Division
    • 5th Bavarian Reserve Infantry Division


     Corps structure  21st Army Corps part of 6th Army

    Divisions

    • 31st Infantry Division
    • 42nd Infantry Division


     Corps structure  2nd German Army Corps part of 1st Army

    Divisions

    • 3rd Infantry Division
    • 4th Infantry Division

    Later transformed as Headquarters of the German South Army from 11th January 1915 to 25th January 1918, serving exclusively on the Eastern Front.

     Corps structure  3rd German Army Corps part of 1st Army

    Divisions

    • 5th Infantry Division
    • 6th Infantry Division


     Corps structure  4th German Army Corps part of 1st Army

    Divisions

    • 7th Infantry Division
    • 8th Infantry Division


     Corps structure  9th German Army Corps part of 1st Army

    Divisions

    • 17th Infantry Division
    • 18th Infantry Division


     Corps structure  3rd German Reserve Army Corps part of 1st Army

    Divisions

    • 5th Reserve Infantry Division
    • 6th Reserve Infantry Division


     Corps structure  9th German Army Reserve Corps part of 1st Army and Army of the North

    Divisions

    • 17th Reserve Infantry Division
    • 18th Reserve Infantry Division
    • 1st Landwehr Division


     Corps structure  4th German Army Reserve Corps part of 1st Army

    Divisions

    • 7th Reserve Infantry Division
    • 22nd Reserve Infantry Division


     Corps structure  German Guards Corps part of 2nd Army

    Divisions

    • 1st Guards Division
    • 2nd Guards Division


     Corps structure  7th German Army Corps part of 2nd Army

    Divisions

    • 13th Infantry Division
    • 14th Infantry Division


     Corps structure  10th German Army Corps part of 2nd Army

    Divisions

    • 19th Infantry Division
    • 20th Infantry Division


     Corps structure  7th German Army Reserve Corps part of 2nd Army

    Divisions

    • 13th Reserve Infantry Division
    • 14th Reserve Infantry Division


     Corps structure  German Guards Reserve Army Corps part of 2nd Army

    Divisions

    • 3rd Guards Infantry Division
    • 1st Guards Reserve Infantry Division


     Corps structure  10th German Army Reserve Corps part of 2nd Army

    Divisions

    • 2nd Guards Reserve Division
    • 19th Reserve Infantry Division


     Corps structure  5th German Army Corps part of 5th Army

    Divisions

    • 9th Infantry Division
    • 10th Infantry Division


     Corps structure  13th German Army Corps part of 5th Army

    Divisions

    • 26th Infantry Division
    • 27th Infantry Division


     Corps structure  16th German Army Corps part of 5th Army

    Divisions

    • 33rd Infantry Division
    • 34th Infantry Division


     Corps structure  5th German Army Reserve Corps part of 5th Army

    Divisions

    • 9th Reserve Infantry Division
    • 10th Reserve Infantry Division


     Corps structure  6th German Army Reserve Corps part of 5th Army

    Division

    • 11th Reserve Infantry Division
    • 12th Reserve Infantry Division


     Corps structure  11th German Army Corps part of 3rd Army

    Division

    • 22nd Infantry Division
    • 38th Infantry Division


     Corps structure  12th German Army Corps part of 3rd Army

    Divisions

    • 23rd Infantry Division
    • 32nd Infantry Division


     Corps structure  19th German Army Corps part of 3rd Army

    Divisions

    • 24th Infantry Division
    • 40th Infantry Division


     Corps structure  12th German Army Reserve Corps part of 3rd Army

    Divisions

    • 23rd Reserve Infantry Division
    • 24th Reserve Infantry Division


     Corps structure  6th German Army Corps part of 4th Army

    Divisions

    • 11th Infantry Division
    • 12th Infantry Division


     Corps structure  8th German Army Corps part of 4th Army

    Division

    • 15th Infantry Division
    • 16th Infantry Division


     Corps structure  18th German Army Corps part of 4th Army

    Divisions

    • 21st Infantry Division
    • 25th Infantry Division


     Corps structure  8th German Army Reserve Corps part of 4th Army

    Divisions

    • 15th Reserve Infantry Division
    • 16th Reserve Infantry Division


     Corps structure  18th German Army Reserve Corps part of 4th Army

    Divisions

    • 21st Reserve Infantry Division
    • 25th Reserve Infantry Division


     Corps structure  14th German Army Corps part of 7th Army

    Divisions

    • 28th Infantry Division
    • 29th Infantry Division


     Corps structure  15th German Army Corps part of 7th Army

    Divisions

    • 30th Infantry Division
    • 39th Infantry Division


     Corps structure  14th German Army Reserve Corps part of 7th Army

    Divisions

    • 26th Reserve Infantry Division
    • 28th Reserve Infantry Division


     Corps structure  1st German Army Corps part of 8th Army - Eastern Front

    Divisions

    • 1st Infantry Division
    • 2nd Infantry Division


     Corps structure  17th German Army Corps part of 8th Army

    Divisions

    • 35th Infantry Division
    • 36th Infantry Division


     Corps structure  20th German Army Corps part of 8th Army

    Divisions

    • 37th Infantry Division
    • 41st Infantry Division


     Corps structure  1st German Army Reserve Corps part of 8th Army

    Divisions

    • 1st Reserve Infantry Division
    • 3rd Reserve Infantry Division
    • 1st Cavalry Division


     Corps structure  1st German Cavalry Corps preceding 3rd Army (General der Kavallerie Manfred Freiherr von Richthofen)

    Divisions

    Each Cavalry Division consisted of 3 Brigades, each of 2 Cavalry Regiments (24 squadrons in total), 3 horse artillery batteries (of 4 guns each) and an MG detachment (with 6 Machine Guns).

    • Guards Cavalry Division
    • 5th Cavalry Division



     Corps structure  2nd German Cavalry Corps - preceding 1st and 2nd Armies (General der Kavallerie Georg von der Marwitz)

    Divisions

    Each Cavalry Division consisted of 3 Brigades, each of 2 Cavalry Regiments (24 squadrons in total), 3 horse artillery batteries (of 4 guns each) and an MG detachment (with 6 Machine Guns).

    • 2nd Cavalry Division
    • 4th Cavalry Division
    • 9th Cavalry Division


     Corps structure  3rd German Cavalry Corps - preceding 6th Army(General der Kavallerie Rudolf Ritter von Frommel)

    Divisions

    Each Cavalry Division consisted of 3 Brigades, each of 2 Cavalry Regiments (24 squadrons in total), 3 horse artillery batteries (of 4 guns each) and an MG detachment (with 6 Machine Guns).

    • 7th Cavalry Division
    • 8th Cavalry Division
    • Bavarian Cavalry Division



     Corps structure  4th German Cavalry Corps - preceding 4th and 5th Armies (General der Kavallerie Gustav Freiherr von Hollen)

    Divisions

    Each Cavalry Division consisted of 3 Brigades, each of 2 Cavalry Regiments (24 squadrons in total), 3 horse artillery batteries (of 4 guns each) and an MG detachment (with 6 Machine Guns).

    • 3rd Cavalry Division
    • 6th Cavalry Division



     Divisional Structure 1918  Bavarian Cavalry Division part of 3rd Cavalry Corps - preceding 6th Army.

    Order of Battle 1918

    Cavalry 1918

    • 1st Bavarian Cavalry Brigade
      • 1st Heavy Reiter Regiment
    • 4th Bavarian Cavalry Brigade
      • 1st Bavarian Uhlan Regiment
      • 2nd Bavarian Uhlan Regiment
    • 5th Bavarian Cavalry Brigade
      • 1st Bavarian Light Cavalry Regiment
      • 6th Bavarian Light Cavalry Regiment

    Artillery

    5th Bavarian Horse Artillery Abteil.

    Engineering and Liaison

    • Pioneer Detachment
    • 1st Bavarian Machine Gun Battery
    • 300 Bavarian Trench Mortar Company

    Attached: Glanz Landsturm Infantry Battalion (VI/9)

    Divisional History 1918

    The units of this division were used on police duty in the Ukraine and in Roumania in the spring of 1918.

    A part of the division was serving in the Crimea in the early summer. It continued in that general area through the year.

    Allied Intelligent Estimate 1918.

    The division was rated as fourth class.

     Divisional Structure 1914  Bavarian Ersatz Division part of 7th Army

    Divisional Order of Battle 1914

    • 3rd Bavarian Reserve Brigade
      • 4th Bavarian Reserve Regiment
      • 15th Bavarian Reserve Regiment
    • 59th Landwer Brigade
      • 28th Ersatz Regiment
      • 120th Landwehr Regiment


     Divisional Structure 1915  Bavarian Ersatz Division part of 7th Army

    Addition to Divisional Order of Battle 1915

    Infantry - no changes

    Artillery

    • 1st Ersatz Abteil Field Artillery Regiment - 1st Bavarian Cavalry Division
    • 2nd Ersatz Battery 8th Bavarian Field Artillery Regiment



     Divisional Structure 1916  Bavarian Ersatz Division part of 7th Army

    Divisional Order of Battle 1916

    Infantry

    • 3rd Bavarian Reserve Brigade
      • 4th Bavarian Reserve Regiment
      • 15th Bavarian Reserve Regiment
    • 59th Landwehr Brigade
      • 28th Ersatz Regiment
      • 81st Landwehr Regiment

    Cavalry

    Ersatz Cavalry Detachment - 1st Bavarian Cavalry Division

    Engineering and Liaison

    • 2nd Landwehr Pioneer Company - 2nd Bavarian Cavalry Division
    • 3rd Landwehr Pioneer Company - 3rd Bavarian Cavalry Division
    • 1st Bavarian Mining Company
    • 1st Bavarian Heavy Trench Mortar Detachment



     Divisional Structure 1917  Bavarian Ersatz Division part of 7th Army

    Divisional Order of Battle 1917

    Infantry

    3rd Bavarian Reserve Brigade

    • 4th Bavarian Reserve Regiment
    • 15th Bavarian Reserve Regiment
    • 28th Ersatz Regiment

    Cavalry

    • 1st Squadron, 6th Bavarian Reserve Schutzen Cavalry Regiment
    • Ersatz Cavalry Abteil, 1st Bavarian Cavalry Division.

    Artillery Command

    Bavarian Ersatz Field Artillery Regiment

    Engineers and Liaison

    • Pioneer Battalion: 4th and 6th Bavarian Landwehr Pioneer Companies.
    • 1st Bavarian Mining Company
    • 100 Bavarian Trench Mortar Company
    • 5th Bavarian Reserve Searchlight Section
    • 551 Telephone Detachment

    Medical and Veterinary

    • 9th Bavarian Ambulance Company
    • 40th Bavarian Field Hospital
    • 41st Bavarian Field Hospital
    • 33rd Bavarian Veterinary Hospital

    Transport

    767 Motor Transport Company

     Divisional Structure 1918  Bavarian Ersatz Division part of 7th Army

    Divisional Order of Battle 1918

    Infantry

    3rd Bavarian Reserve Brigade

    • 4th Bavarian Reserve Regiment
    • 15th Bavarian Reserve Regiment
    • 18th Bavarian Reserve Regiment

    Cavalry

    1st Squadron, 6th Bavarian Reserve Schutzen Cavalry Regiment

    19th Bavarian Artillery Command

    Bavarian Ersatz Field Artillery Regiment

    Engineers and Liaison

    • 13th Pioneer Battalion: 4th and 6th Bavarian Landwehr Pioneer Companies.
    • 1st Bavarian Mining Company
    • 100 Bavarian Trench Mortar Company
    • 5th Bavarian Reserve Searchlight Section
    • 551 Bavarian Telephone Detachment

    Medical and Veterinary

    • 9th Bavarian Ambulance Company
    • 40th Bavarian Field Hospital
    • 41st Bavarian Field Hospital
    • 33rd Bavarian Veterinary Hospital

    Transport

    767 Motor Transport Company

     Divisional Structure 1914  1st Guards Reserve Division part of 2nd German Army

    Divisional Order of Battle 1914

    Infantry

    • 1st Guards Reserve Brigade
      • 1st Guards Reserve Regiment
      • 2nd Guards Reserve Regiment
    • 15th Reserve Brigade
      • 64th Reserve Regiment
      • 93rd Reserve Regiment
    • Guards Reserve Snipers Battalion

    Cavalry

    Guards Reserve Dragoons - 3 Squadrons

    Artillery

    • 1st Guards Reserve Field Artillery Regiment
    • 3rd Guards Reserve Field Artillery Regiment



     Divisional Structure 1915  1st Guards Reserve Division part of 2nd German Army

    Divisional Order of Battle 1915

    Infantry

    • 1st Guards Reserve Brigade
      • 1st Guards Reserve Regiment
      • 2nd Guards Reserve Regiment
    • 15th Reserve Brigade
      • 64th Reserve Regiment
      • 93rd Reserve Regiment
    • Guards Reserve Snipers Battalion

    Cavalry

    Guards Reserve Dragoons Regiment

    Artillery

    • 1st Guards Reserve Field Artillery Regiment
    • 3rd Guards Reserve Field Artillery Regiment

    Engineers and Liaison

      1st Engineers Battalion
      • 2nd Field Company
      • 3rd Field Company
      • 28th Pioneer Company
      • 1st Guards Reserve Pontoon Engineers
      • 1st Guards Reserve Telephone Detachment



       Divisional Structure 1916  1st Guards Reserve Division part of 2nd German Army

      Divisional Order of Battle 1916

      Infantry

      • 1st Guards Reserve Brigade
        • 1st Guards Reserve Regiment
        • 2nd Guards Reserve Regiment
        • 64th Reserve Regiment

      Cavalry

      Guards Reserve Dragoons Regiment 3 Squadrons

      Artillery

      • 1st Guards Reserve Field Artillery Regiment
      • 3rd Guards Reserve Field Artillery Regiment

      Engineers and Liaison

        1st Engineers Battalion
        • 2nd Field Company
        • 3rd Field Company
        • 28th Pioneer Company
        • 1st Guards Reserve Pontoon Engineers
        • 1st Guards Reserve Telephone Detachment
        • 5th Guards Trench Mortar Company



         Divisional Structure 1917  1st Guards Reserve Division part of 2nd German Army

        Divisional Order of Battle 1917

        Infantry

        • 1st Guards Reserve Brigade
          • 1st Guards Reserve Regiment
          • 2nd Guards Reserve Regiment
          • 64th Reserve Regiment

        Cavalry

        Guards Reserve Dragoons Regiment 1st Squadron

        Artillery

        • 7th Guards Artillery Command
        • 1st Guards Reserve Field Artillery Regiment (9 Batteries)

        Engineers and Liaison

          1st Engineers Battalion
          • 2nd Field Company
          • 3rd Field Company
          • 28th Pioneer Company
          • 401 Guards Telephone Detachment
          • 5th Guards Trench Mortar Company

          Medical and Veterinary

          • 266 Ambulance Company
          • 395 Field Hospital
          • Veterinary Hospital

          Transport

          701 Motor Transport Column



           Divisional Structure 1914  Guard Ersatz Division part of German 6th Army

          The Guard Ersatz Division (Garde-Ersatz-Division) was a division of the Imperial German Army during World War I. Ersatz is German for replacement. The division was formed from companies of the replacement battalions (Ersatz-Bataillone) of the regiments of Prussian Guards and several other Prussian regiments. The division was formed on mobilization of the German Army in August 1914.

          • The Guard Ersatz Division fought in the opening phases of the war in the Battle of the Frontiers and then participated in the Race to the Sea.
          • In 1916, the division fought in the Battle of Verdun.
          • In 1917, the division participated in the Second Battle of the Aisne.
          • In July 1917, the division was sent to the Eastern Front, where it fought in the Baltic region. It returned to the Western Front in September 1917 near Verdun and remained on the Western Front until the Armistice.

          Divisional Order of Battle 1914

          Infantry and Support

          • 1st Mixed Guard Ersatz Brigade
            • Guard Brigade Ersatz Battalion number 1
            • Guard Brigade Ersatz Battalion number 2
            • Guard Brigade Ersatz Battalion number 3
            • Guard Brigade Ersatz Battalion number 4
            • Guard Brigade Ersatz Battalion number 5
            • Guard Brigade Ersatz Battalion number 6
            • Guard Cavalry Ersatz Abteilung Berlin
            • 1st Guard Field Artillery Ersatz Abteilung
            • 2nd Guard Field Artillery Ersatz Abteilung
            • 1st Ersatz Company Guard Pioneer Battalion
          • 5th Mixed Guard Ersatz Brigade
            • Guard Brigade Ersatz Battalion number 5
            • Guard Brigade Ersatz Battalion number 6
            • Guard Brigade Ersatz Battalion number 7
            • Guard Brigade Ersatz Battalion number 8
            • Cavalry Ersatz Abteilung Pasewalk - 2 Army Corps
            • Forward Pomeranian Field Artillery Ersatz Abteilung 38
            • Rear Pomeranian Field Artillery Ersatz Abteilung 53
            • 1st Ersatz Company Guard Pioneer Battalion 2


           Divisional Structure 1918  Guard Ersatz Division part of German 6th Army

          Divisional Order of Battle - 8th March 1918

          Guard Ersatz Brigade

          • 6th Guard Regiment
          • 7th Guard Regiment
          • 399th Infantry Regiment
          • Machine Gun Abteilung 29
          • 5th Squadron 2nd Guard Uhlan Regiment
          • Guard Artillery Command 6
          • 7th Guard Field Artillery Regiment
          • 89th Foot Artillery Battalion
          • 501 Stab Pioneer Battalion
          • 301 Guard Pioneer Company
          • 302 Guard Pioneer Company
          • 7th Guard Trench Company
          • 551 Guard Division Communications Command



           Divisional Structure 1914  Guards Cavalry Division part of German 1st Cavalry Corps preceeding 3rd Army

          Pre-war - The Guards Corps had four cavalry brigades organised as the Guards Cavalry Division, the only peace-time Cavalry Division in the German Army. On mobilisation, the pre-war cavalry brigades were withdrawn from their divisions. 33 Brigades (66 regiments) were used to form the 11 Cavalry Divisions. The remaining 22 brigades (44 regiments) were broken up and their regiments were employed as divisional cavalry for the 50 active divisions

          The Guards Cavalry Division (Garde-Kavallerie-Division) was a unit of the German army that was stationed in Berlin. The division was a part of the Guards Corps (Gardekorps).

          Before the outbreak of war, the division order of Battle was:

          • 1st Guards Cavalry Brigade
            • Gardes du Corps
            • Guards Cuirassiers
          • 2nd Guards Cavalry Brigade
            • 1st Guards Uhlans
            • 3rd Guards Uhlans
          • 3rd Guards Cavalry Brigade
            • 1st Guards Dragoons "Queen of Great Britain and Ireland"
            • 2nd Guards Dragoons "Empress Alexandra of Russia"
          • 4th Guards Cavalry Brigade
            • Life Guards Hussars
            • 2nd Guards Uhlans

          The division was initially assigned to I Cavalry Corps, which preceded the 3rd Army on the Western Front. It served on the Western Front until December 1914, then undertook frontier guard duties against Holland until 30 June 1915, when it relocated to Russia.

          From 16 March 1918 to 9 April 1918, it was dismounted, re-formed and trained on the Zossen troop training ground. Thereafter, it served as the Guard Cavalry Schützen Division on the Western Front. It was in Artois until May 1918, then Champagne and Aisne. By the end of the war, it was serving under VI Reserve Corps, 1st Army, Heeresgruppe Deutscher Kronprinz on the Western Front.



           Divisional Structure 1916 to 1918  Guards Cavalry Division part of German 1st Cavalry Corps preceeding 3rd Army

          Conversion to Schutzen Division (Dismounted Infantry Role)

          Guard Cavalry Schützen Division

          The Guard Cavalry Division was extensively reorganised in the course of the war, culminating in conversion to a Cavalry Schützen Division, i.e. Dissmounted Cavalry. The cavalry brigades were renamed Cavalry Schützen Commands and performed a similar role to that of an infantry regiment command. Likewise, the cavalry regiments became Cavalry Schützen Regiments and were allocated the role of an infantry battalion (and their squadrons acted as infantry companies). However, these units were much weaker than normal infantry formations (for example, a Schützen squadron had a strength of just 4 officers and 109 NCOs and other ranks, considerably less than that of an infantry company).

          • 1st Guards Cavalry Brigade became independent on 9 April 1917
          • 2nd Guards Cavalry Brigade became independent on 6 June 1916
          • 3rd Guards Cavalry Brigade became independent on 18 October 1916
          • 19th Cavalry Brigade joined from 9th Cavalry Division on 8 April 1917 and became independent on 12 February 1918
          • 11th Cavalry Brigade joined from 5th Cavalry Division on 23 March 1918 and was renamed 11th Cavalry Schützen Command on 8 May 1918
          • 14th Cavalry Brigade joined from 9th Cavalry Division on 23 February 1918 and was renamed 14th Cavalry Schützen Command on 8 May 1918
          • 38th Cavalry Brigade joined from 8th Cavalry Division on 20 April 1918 and renamed 38th Cavalry Schützen Command on 8 May 1918



           Divisional Structure 1918  Guards Cavalry Division part of German 1st Cavalry Corps preceeding 3rd Army

          Divisional Order of Battle - Late 1918

          • 5th Landwehr Brigade
            • 11th Cavalry Schützen Command
              • Guards Cuirassiers
              • 1st (Silesian) Life Cuirassiers "Great Elector"
              • 8th (2nd Silesian) Dragoons "King Frederick III"
            • 14th Cavalry Schützen Command
              • 4th (1st Silesian) Hussars "von Schill"
              • 11th (2nd Westphalian) Hussars
              • 5th (Westphalian) Uhlans
            • 38th Cavalry Schützen Command
              • 4th (Westphalian) Cuirassiers "von Driesen"
              • 2nd Jäger zu Pferde
              • 6th Jäger zu Pferde

          • 1st Guard MG Detachment
          • 1st Squadron, 5th Jäger zu Pferde (mounted cavalry)
          • 132nd Artillery Command 3rd Guards Field Artillery
          • 722nd Light Ammunition Column
          • 852nd Light Ammunition Column
          • 1135th Light Ammunition Column
          • 412th Pioneer Battalion 2nd Ersatz Company, 18th Pioneer Battalion
          • 307th Pioneer Company
          • 226th Signal Command
          • 226th Telephone Detachment
          • 183rd Wireless Detachment

          Medical and Veterinary

          • 257th Ambulance Company
          • 642nd Ambulance Company
          • 1st Field Hospital
          • 302nd Field Hospital
          • 262nd Veterinary Hospital

          Transport

          636th Motor Transport Column

           Divisional Structure 1918  Jäger Division part of 54th Corps z.b.V - German Second Army.

          Divisional Order of Battle on formation in 1917.

          Stab 5th Ersatz Infantry Brigade

          • Stab 4th Dragoon Regiment - von Bredow (1st Schlesisches)
          • Guards Reserve Jäger Battalion
          • Guards Reserve Schützen Battalion

          • Stab 2nd Uhlen Regiment - von Katzler (Schlesisches)
          • 1st Reserve Jäger Battalion
          • 2nd Pomeranian Jäger Battalion (Fürst Bismarck)

          • Stab 8th Royal Bavarian Chevalliers Regiment
          • 8th Reserve Jäger Battalion
          • Wurttemberg Mountain Battalion
          • Brandenberg Jäger Battalion

          Notes

          Stab refers to a Headquarters or Command to which units can be attached.

          In the Corps title - z.b.V (zur besonderen Verwendung) translates to "For Special Use"

           Divisional Structure 1918  Jäger Division part of 54th Corps z.b.V - German Second Army.

          Divisional Order of Battle 1918

          5th Ersatz Infantry Brigade

          • Jäger-Regiment Nr. 11
            • The Regiment was formed in October 1917 on the Italian front.
            • The regimental staff was the staff of the Dragoner Nr. 4
            • Garde Reserve Jäger Bataillon,
            • Garde Reserve Schützen Bataillon,
            • Jäger Bataillon Nr. 1
            • The Regiment was part of the Deutsche Jäger Division, the commander was Oberstleutnant Freiherr von Bettendorf
          • Jäger-Regiment Nr. 12
            • The Regiment was formed in October 1917 on the Italian front.
            • The regimental staff was the staff of the Ulanen Regiment Nr. 2
            • Jäger-Bataillon Nr. 2,
            • Reserve Jäger Bataillon Nr. 1,
            • Jäger Bataillon Nr. 12 (from 1.12.1917)
            • The Regiment was part of the Deutsche Jäger Division, the commander was Oberstleutnant von Pappritz of the Ulanen Regiment Nr. 2
          • Jäger-Regiment Nr. 13
            • The Regiment was formed in October 1917 on the Italian front.
            • The regimental staff was the staff of the 8. Bayerische Chevauleger-Regiment
            • Reserve Jäger Bataillon Nr. 8,
            • Reserve Jäger Bataillon Nr. 20,
            • Reserve Jäger Bataillon Nr. 21
            • The Regiment was part of the Deutsche Jäger Division, the commander was Oberstleutnant von Bibra of the 8, Bayerische Chevauleger-Regiment
          • 1st Squadron 10th Dragoon Regiment - King Albert of Saxony (east Prussian)

            224th Artillery Command

            • 24th Holstein Field Artillery Regiment
            • 4th Bavarian Foot Artillery Regiment

            422 Pioneer Battalion

            901 Communications Command

            Divisional Commanders

            • Oberst Georg von Wodtke - 14th Sep to 23rd Nov. 1917
            • Generalmajor Johannes von Dassel - 24th Nov 1917 to 14th Dec 1918.



             Order of Battle 1918  17th German Army

            Commander (1918) General der Infanterie Bruno von Mudra

            • 1st Bavarian Reserve Corps
              • 187th Division
              • 26th Reserve Division
              • 10th Ersatz Division
              • 208th Division
            • 2nd Bavarian Corps
              • 234th Division
              • 25th Division
            • 18th German Army Corps
              • 220th Division
              • 35th Division
              • 6th Division
            • 14th German Army Reserve Corps
              • 214th Division
              • 111th Division
              • 48th Reserve Division
              • 206th Division
              • 12th Division
              • 28th Reserve Division



             Order of Battle 1918  18th German Army

            Commander (1918) General der Infanterie Oskar von Hutier

            • 1st Bavarian Corps
              • 19th Reserve Division
              • 29th Division
              • 15th Reserve Division
              • 200th Division
              • 204th Division
              • 34th Division
            • 26th German Reserve Corps
              • 75th Reserve Division
              • 9th Division
              • 18th Division
              • 6th Bavarian Division
            • 18th German Reserve Corps
              • 231st Division
              • 238th Division
              • 81st Reserve Division
              • 2nd Division
              • 1st Reserve Division
              • 82nd Reserve Division (two-thirds)
              • 5th Reserve Division
            • 14th German Corps
              • 232nd Division
              • 237th Division
              • 11th Division
              • 221st Division
              • 105th Division
              • 87th Division
            • Army Command
                5th Ersatz Division



             Order of Battle 1918  19th German Army

            Commander (1918) Generaloberst Felix Graf von Bothmer

            • 19th German Army Corps
              • 84th Landwehr Brigade
              • 48th Landwehr Division
            • 66th German Army Corps (zbV)
              • 2nd Bavarian Landwehr Division
              • 19th Ersatz Division
              • 17th Reserve Division
            • 15th German Army Corps
              • 1st Bavarian Landwehr Division
              • 83rd Division


             Order of Battle 1918  Armee Abteilung A

            Commander (1918) General der Infanterie Johannes von Eben

            • 59th German Army Corps (zbV)
              • 96th Division
              • 21st Landwehr Division
              • 75th Reserve Division
            • 7th German Army Corps
              • 82nd Composite Reserve Infantry Brigade
              • 301st Division
            • 15th Bavarian Army Corps
              • 39th Bavarian Reserve Division
              • 61st Landwehr Division
            • 9th Austro-Hungarian Army Corps
              • 37th Austro-Hungarian Division
              • 4th Landwehr Division



             Order of Battle 1918  Armee Abteilung B

            Commander (1918) General der Infanterie Erich von Gündell

            • 64th German Army Corps (zbV)
              • 6th Bavarian Landwehr Division
              • 4th Cavalry Schützen Division
              • 7th Cavalry Schützen Division
            • 10th German Army Corps
              • 26th Landwehr Division
              • 30th Bavarian Reserve Division
              • 31st Division
            • 12th German Army Corps
              • 44th Landwehr Division
              • 25th Landwehr Division



             Order of Battle 1918  Armee Abteilung C

            Commander (1918) Generalleutnant Georg Fuchs

            • 13th German Army Corps
              • 5th Guards Division
              • 3rd Bavarian Division
              • 241st Division
            • 5th German Army Corps
              • 13th Landwehr Division
              • 94th Division
              • 35th Austro-Hungarian Division
            • 12th German Army Reserve Corps
              • 5th Landwehr Division
              • 224th Division
            • 57th German Army Corps (zbV)
              • 8th Landwehr Division
              • 255th Division
            • Group Metz
              • 31st Landwehr Brigade
              • 10th Division
              • 18th Landwehr Division
              • 2nd Landwehr Division
            • Army Troops
              • 45th Reserve Division



             Corps structure  German Naval Corps part of German 4th Army.

            Divisions

            • 1st Naval Division
            • 2nd Naval Division
            • 38th Landwehr Division (two-thirds)
            • 3rd Division (one-third)
            • 85th Landwehr Division



             Corps structure  18th Austro-Hungarian Army Corps part of 5th German Army

            Divisions

            • 33rd Division
            • 32nd Division
            • 106th Austro-Hungarian Division (less elements)
            • 37th Division
            • 236th Division
            • 20th Division



             Corps structure  9th Austro-Hungarian Army Corps part of Armee Abteilung A

            Divisions

            • 37th Austro-Hungarian Division
            • 4th Landwehr Division



             Corps structure  55th German Army Corps (zbV) part of 6th German Army

            zbV (zur besonderen Vervendung) [for special use]

            Divisions

            • 38th Division
            • 12th Bavarian Division
            • 5th Bavarian Division
            • 4th Ersatz Division (two-thirds)
            • 9th Reserve Division



             Corps structure  40th German Army Reserve Corps part of 6th German Army

            Divisions

            • 16th Division
            • 8th Division



             Corps structure  51st German Army Corps (zbV)part of 2nd German Army

            zbV (zur besonderen Vervendung) [for special use]

            Divisions

            • 2nd Cyclist Brigade
            • 243rd Division
            • 121st Division
            • 54th Division
            • 1st Guards Reserve Division
            • 22nd Reserve Division

            Army Troops

            17th Reserve Division



             Corps structure  54th German Army Corps (zbV) part of 2nd German Army

            zbV (zur besonderen Vervendung) [for special use]

            Divisions

            • 21st Reserve Division
            • 22nd Division
            • 4th Division
            • 113th Division
            • 239th Division
            • 12th Reserve Division
            • Jäger Division
            • 185th Division



             Corps structure  German Army Group Metz part of Armee Abteilung C

            Divisions

            • 31st Landwehr Division
            • 10th Division
            • 18th Landwehr Division
            • 2nd Landwehr Division



             Corps structure  57th German Army Corps (zbV) part of Armee Abteilung C.

            zbV (zur besonderen Vervendung) [for special use]

            Divisions

            • 8th Landwehr Division
            • 255th Division



             Corps structure  15th Bavarian Army Reserve Corps part of Armee Abteilung A.

            Divisions

            • 39th Bavarian Reserve Division
            • 61st Landwehr Brigade



             Corps structure  58th German Army Corps (zbV) part of 5th German Army

            zbV (zur besonderen Vervendung) [for special use]

            Divisions

            • 240th Division
            • 15th Bavarian Division
            • 52nd Division
            • 31st Division



             Corps structure  59th German Army Corps (zbV) part of Armee Abteilung A.

            zbV (zur besonderen Vervendung) [for special use]

            Divisions

          • 96th Division
          • 21st Landwehr Division
          • 75th Reserve Division



           Corps structure  64th German Army Corps (zbV) part of Armee Abteilung B.

          zbV (zur besonderen Vervendung) [for special use]

          Divisions

          • 6th Bavarian Landwehr Division
          • 4th Cavalry Schützen Division
          • 7th Cavalry Schützen Division
          • 26th Landwehr Division



           Corps structure  66th German Army Corps (zbV) part of 19th German Army

          zbV (zur besonderen Vervendung) [for special use]

          Divisions

          • 2nd Bavarian Landwehr Division
          • 19th Ersatz Division
          • 17th Reserve Division



           Corps structure  65th German Army Corps (zbV) part of 7th German Army

          zbV (zur besonderen Vervendung) [for special use]

          Divisions

        • 5th Division
        • 4th Guards Division
        • 216th Division
        • 50th Division



         Corps structure  24th German Army Reserve Corps part of 1st German Army

        Divisions

        • 51st Reserve Division
        • 7th Division



         Corps structure  25th German Army Reserve Corps part of 3rd German Army

        Divisions

        • 9th Landwehr Division
        • 199th Division
        • 3rd Guards Division
        • 1st Guards Division



         Corps structure  26th German Army Reserve Corps part of 18th German Army

        Divisions

        • 75th Reserve Division
        • 9th Division
        • 18th Division
        • 6th Bavarian Division



         Corps structure  38th German Army Reserve Corps part of 3rd German Army

        No divisions assigned in 1918.



         Divisional Structure 1914  1st German Division part of 1st Army Corps and 8th Army

        Divisional Order of Battle 1914

        Infantry Brigades

        • 1st Infantry Brigade
          • 1st Grenadiers Regiment
          • 41st Regiment
        • 2nd Infantry Brigade
          • 3rd Grenadiers Regiment
          • 43rd Regiment

        Cavalry

        8th Uhlan Regiment

        Artillery

        1st Artillery Brigade

        • 16th Field Artillery Regiment
        • 52nd Field Artillery Regiment



         Divisional Structure 1915  1st German Division part of 1st Army Corps and 9th Army of the North

        Divisional Order of Battle 1915

        Infantry Brigades

        • 1st Infantry Brigade
          • 1st Grenadiers Regiment
          • 41st Regiment
        • 2nd Infantry Brigade
          • 3rd Grenadiers Regiment
          • 43rd Regiment

        Cavalry

        8th Uhlan Regiment

        Artillery

        1st Artillery Brigade

        • 16th Field Artillery Regiment
        • 52nd Field Artillery Regiment

        Engineers and Liaison

        • 1st Engineers Battalion (1st Command District)
        • 1st Pioneers Field Company
        • 1st Pontoon Engineers
        • 1st Telephone Detachment



         Divisional Structure 1916  1st German Division part of 1st Army Corps and 10th Army of the South

        Divisional Order of Battle 1916

        Infantry Brigades

        • 1st Infantry Brigade
          • 1st Grenadiers Regiment
          • 41st Regiment
        • 2nd Infantry Brigade
          • 3rd Grenadiers Regiment
          • 43rd Regiment

        Cavalry

        8th Uhlan Regiment

        Artillery

        1st Artillery Brigade

        • 16th Field Artillery Regiment
        • 52nd Field Artillery Regiment

        Engineers and Liaison

        • 1st Engineers Battalion (1st Command District)
        • 1st Pioneers 3rd Field Company
        • 1st Pontoon Engineers
        • 1st Telephone Detachment
        • 1st Trench Mortar Company
        • 271st Pioneer Company

        Attached 100th Labour Battalion



         Divisional Structure 1917  1st German Division part of 1st Army Corps and 8th Army

        Divisional Order of Battle 1917

        Infantry Brigades

        • 1st Infantry Brigade
          • 1st Grenadiers Regiment
          • 3rd Grenadiers Regiment
          • 43rd Regiment

        Cavalry

        3rd Squadron 8th Uhlan Regiment

        Artillery

        1st Artillery Command (z)

        • 16th Field Artillery Regiment
        • 52nd Field Artillery Regiment

        Engineers and Liaison

        • 112th Engineers Battalion
        • 1st Pioneers 3rd Field Company (z)
        • 1st Telephone Detachment
        • 1st Trench Mortar Company
        • 271st Pioneer Company
        • 305th Searchlight Section
        • 311th Searchlight Section
        • 312th Searchlight Section
        • 392nd Searchlight Section

        Medical and Veterinary

        • 4th Ambulance Company
        • Field Hospital
        • 1st Veterinary Hospital

        Transport

        534th Motor Transport Column

        Attached units

        • 66th Machine Gun Sharpshooting Detachment
        • 54th Light Machine Gun Section
        • 55th Light Machine Gun Section
        • 56th Light Machine Gun Section
        • 57th Light Machine Gun Section



         Divisional Structure 1918  1st German Division part of 1st Army Corps and 8th Army

        Divisional Order of Battle 1918

        Infantry Brigades

        • 1st Infantry Brigade
          • 1st Grenadiers Regiment
          • 3rd Grenadiers Regiment
          • 43rd Regiment

        Cavalry

        3rd Squadron 8th Uhlan Regiment

        Artillery

        1st Artillery Command

        • 16th Field Artillery Regiment
        • 10th Field Artillery Regiment - 1st Abteilung (Staff, 1, 3 and 4 Batteries)
        • 1083 Light Ammunition Column
        • 1095 Light Ammunition Column
        • 1096 Light Ammunition Column

        Engineers and Liaison

        • 110th Pioneer Battalion
        • 1st Pioneers 3rd Field Company (z)
        • 1st Trench Mortar Company
        • 271st Pioneer Company
        • 108th Searchlight Section
        • 1st Signal Command
        • 1st Telephone Detachment
        • 43rd Wireless Detachment

        Medical and Veterinary

        • 4th Ambulance Company
        • 13th Field Hospital
        • 16th Field Hospital
        • 1st Veterinary Hospital

        Transport

        534th Motor Transport Column



           German Army of the South

        10th South German Army

        The South Army was formed in Breslau, on 11 January 1915, by the transformation of II Corps for the Hungarian Carparthian Front. II Corps commander, General der Infanterie Alexander von Linsingen took over the new army command.

        On 8 July 1915, von Linsingen transferred as commander of the new Army of the Bug. In his place, General der Infanterie Felix Graf von Bothmer of II Bavarian Reserve Corps took command of the South Army. With the Russians withdrawing from the war (Treaty of Brest-Litovsk) and the run down of German forces on the Eastern Front, the army was dissolved on 25 January 1918.

        The headquarters of the army was located in Mukachevo (from 11 January 1915), Stryi (from 5 June 1915), Berezhany (from 4 September 1915), Khodoriv (from 15 November 1916) and Chortkiv (from 4 August 1917).

        Commanders

        The South Army had the following commanders during its existence

        • From the 11th January 1915 General der Infanterie Alexander von Linsingen, previously II Corps and later moved to Army of the Bug (8th July 1915).
        • From the 8th July 1915 General der Infanterie Felix Graf von Bothmer, previously II Bavarian Reserve Corps and later moved to 19th Army (25th January 1918).



         Divisional Structure 1914  1st Reserve Division part of 1st German Army Reserve Corps and 8th German Army

        Divisional Order of Battle 1914

        Infantry Brigades

        • 1st Reserve Brigade
          • 1st Reserve Regiment
          • 3rd Reserve Regiment
        • 72nd Reserve Brigade
          • 18th Reserve Regiment
          • 59th Reserve Regiment
        • 1st Jäger Battalion

        Cavalry

        • 1st Reserve Uhlan Regiment (3 Squadrons)
        • 1st Reserve Ersatz Cavalry Regiment (3 Squadrons)

        Artillery

        1st Reserve Field Artillery Regiment (6 Batteries)



         Divisional Structure 1915  1st Reserve Division part of 1st German Army Reserve Corps and 8th German Army

        Divisional Order of Battle 1915

        Infantry Brigades

        • 1st Reserve Brigade
          • 1st Reserve Regiment
          • 3rd Reserve Regiment
        • 72nd Reserve Brigade
          • 18th Reserve Regiment
          • 59th Reserve Regiment
        • 1st Jäger Battalion

        Cavalry

        • 1st Reserve Uhlan Regiment (3 Squadrons)
        • 1st Reserve Ersatz Cavalry Regiment (3 Squadrons)

        Artillery

        1st Reserve Field Artillery Regiment (6 Batteries)

        Engineering and Liaison

        • 2nd Engineers Battalion No. 1
        • 1st Reserve Company Pioneers Battalion
        • 1st Reserve Pontoon Engineers
        • 1st Reserve Telephone Detachment



         Divisional Structure 1916  1st Reserve Division part of 1st German Army Reserve Corps and 8th German Army

        Divisional Order of Battle 1916

        Infantry Brigades

        • 1st Reserve Brigade
          • 1st Reserve Regiment
          • 3rd Reserve Regiment
        • 72nd Reserve Brigade
          • 18th Reserve Regiment
          • 59th Reserve Regiment
        • 1st Jäger Battalion

        Cavalry

        • 1st Reserve Uhlan Regiment

        Artillery

        1st Reserve Field Artillery Regiment (6 Batteries)

        Engineering and Liaison

        • 4th Field Company, 2nd Pioneers Battalion.
        • 204th Trench Mortar Company
        • 1st Reserve Pontoon Engineers
        • 1st Reserve Telephone Detachment



         Divisional Structure 1917  1st Reserve Division part of 1st German Army Reserve Corps and 8th German Army

        Divisional Order of Battle 1917

        Infantry Brigades

        • 1st Reserve Brigade
          • 1st Reserve Regiment
          • 3rd Reserve Regiment
          • 59th Reserve Regiment
        • 1st Jäger Battalion

        Cavalry

        • 1st Reserve Uhlan Regiment (3 Squadrons)

        Artillery

        1st Reserve Field Artillery Regiment (9 Batteries)

        Engineering and Liaison

        • 4th Field Company, 2nd Pioneers Battalion.
        • 1st Field Company, 2nd Pioneers Battalion.
        • 301st Engineering Battalion
        • 201st Trench Mortar Company
        • 348 Searchlight Section
        • 1st Reserve Telephone Detachment

        Medical and Veterinary

        • 501st Ambulance Company
        • 399th Field Hospital
        • 9th Reserve Field Hospital
        • Veterinary Hospital

        Transport

        Motor Transport Column



         Divisional Structure 1918  1st Reserve Division part of 1st German Army Reserve Corps and 8th German Army

        Divisional Order of Battle 1918

        Infantry Brigades

        • 1st Reserve Brigade
          • 1st Reserve Regiment
          • 3rd Reserve Regiment
          • 59th Reserve Regiment

        Cavalry

        • 4th Squadron, 2nd Guards Uhlan Regiment

        Artillery

        • 1st Reserve Field Artillery Regiment (9 Batteries)
        • 2nd Abteilung 1st Reserve Foot Artillery Regiment
        • 1363 Light Ammunition Column
        • 1390 Light Ammunition Column
        • 1393 Light Ammunition Column

        Engineering and Liaison

        • 4th Field Company, 2nd Pioneers Battalion.
        • 1st Field Company, 34th Reserve Pioneers Battalion.
        • 301st Engineering Battalion
        • 201st Trench Mortar Company
        • 31st Searchlight Section
        • 401st Signals Command
        • 401st Telephone Detachment
        • 158th Wireless Detachment

        Medical and Veterinary

        • 501st Ambulance Company
        • 399th Field Hospital
        • 9th Reserve Field Hospital
        • 137th Veterinary Hospital



         Divisional History  1st Reserve Division part of 1st German Army Reserve Corps and 8th German Army

        The 1st Reserve Division (1. Reserve-Division) was a reserve infantry division of the Imperial German Army in World War I. It was formed, on mobilization in August 1914, from reserve infantry units, primarily from East Prussia and was part of I Reserve Corps. The division served on the Eastern Front from the beginning of the war until October 1917, after which it was transferred to the Western Front for the wars final campaigns. It was rated a third class division by Allied intelligence, mainly due to its losses in heavy fighting and reduced quality of replacement troops.

        1st Reserve Division (1. Reserve-Division)

        Active from 1914 to 1919

        Division Size Approx. 15,000

        World War I - Main activities: Gumbinnen, Tannenberg, 1st Masurian Lakes, Lodz, Spring Offensive, Hundred Days Offensive.

        Late World War I organization

        German Divisions underwent many changes during the war, with regiments moving from division to division, and some being destroyed and rebuilt. During the war, most divisions became triangular - one infantry brigade with three infantry regiments rather than two infantry brigades of two regiments (a square division). The 1st Reserve Division triangulated in June 1917. An artillery commander replaced the artillery brigade headquarters, the cavalry was further reduced, the engineer contingent was increased and a divisional signals command was created.



         Divisional Structure 1914  1st German Landwehr Division part of 9th German Army Reserve Corps and Army of the North

        On mobilization, the 1st Landwehr Division was created by aggregating four mixed Landwehr brigades (gemischte Landwehr-Brigaden), each of which generally included its own infantry, cavalry and artillery.

        Order of Battle in 1914

        • 33rd Mixed Landwehr Brigade
          • Landwehr Infantry Regiment No. 75
          • Landwehr Infantry Regiment No. 76
          • 2nd Guard Landwehr Squadron
          • 1st Landwehr Squadron/IX Corps
          • 1st Landwehr Battery/IX Corps
        • 34th Mixed Landwehr Brigade
          • Landwehr Infantry Regiment No. 31
          • Landwehr Infantry Regiment No. 84
          • 3rd Guard Landwehr Squadron
          • 2nd Landwehr Squadron/IX Corps
          • 2nd Landwehr Battery/IX Corps
        • 37th Mixed Landwehr Brigade
          • Landwehr Infantry Regiment No. 73
          • Landwehr Infantry Regiment No. 74
          • 2nd Landwehr Squadron/X Corps
          • 2nd Landwehr Field Artillery Battalion/X Corps
        • 38th Mixed Landwehr Brigade
          • Landwehr Infantry Regiment No. 77
          • Landwehr Infantry Regiment No. 78
          • 3rd Landwehr Squadron/X Corps

            The 33rd and 34th Mixed Landwehr Brigades were raised in the IX Corps area (the Province of Schleswig-Holstein, part of the Province of Hanover, the Grand Duchies of Mecklenburg-Schwerin and Mecklenburg-Strelitz, and the Hanseatic Cities of Bremen, Hamburg, and Lübeck). The 37th and 38th Mixed Landwehr Brigades were raised in the X Corps area (the Province of Hanover, the Grand Duchy of Oldenburg, and the Duchy of Brunswick).

            On 27 August, the division was ordered to reinforce the eastern front; however, the 37th and 38th Mixed Landwehr Brigades were left behind to guard the northern coast and later transferred to the western front.

             Divisional Structure 1918  1st German Landwehr Division part of 9th German Army Reserve Corps and Army of the North

            Order of Battle 1918

            German Divisions underwent many changes during the war, with regiments moving from division to division, and some being destroyed and rebuilt. During the war, most divisions became triangular - one infantry brigade with three infantry regiments rather than two infantry brigades of two regiments (a square division). In the case of Landwehr divisions, the mixed Landwehr brigades were converted to regular infantry brigades before being triangularized and were often used to form new units. The 1st Landwehr Division's order of battle on 15 January 1918 was as follows:

            34th Landwehr Brigade

            • Landwehr Infantry Regiment No. 31
            • Landwehr Infantry Regiment No. 33
            • Landwehr Infantry Regiment No. 84
            • 3rd Squadron, Light Cavalry Regiment No. 12
            • Artillery Command 128
            • Field Artillery Regiment No. 96
            • Pioneer Battalion No. 401
            • 1st Ersatz Company, Pioneer Battalion 'Prinz Radziwill' (East Prussian) No. 1
            • 2nd Landwehr Pioneer Company/II Corps
            • Trench Mortar Company No. 301
            • Divisional Signals Command 501



             Army Structure  German Army of the Bug

            The Army of the Bug (German: Bugarmee / Armeeoberkommando Bug / A.O.K. Bug) was an army level command of the German Army in World War I named for the Bug River. It was formed against Russia on 8 July 1915 and served exclusively on the Eastern Front. It was dissolved on 31 March 1918.

            History

            The Army of the Bug was formed on 8 July 1915 by renaming the previous South Army headquarters in Lemberg. After the commander, General der Infanterie Alexander von Linsingen, had been appointed to simultaneous command of Heeresgruppe Linsingen on 20 September 1915, the Army of the Bug was split into Armee-Gruppen that were under the direct command of the Heeresgruppe. At various times, these included

            • Armee-Gruppe Gronau (formerly XXXXI Reserve Corps) 20 September 1915 – 18 September 1916 (then raised to the status of an Armee-Abteilung)
            • Armee-Gruppe Marwitz (formerly VI Corps) 15 June 1916 – 22 August 1917
            • Armee-Gruppe Litzmann (formerly XXXX Reserve Corps) 28 July 1916 – 28 January 1918

            The dissolution of the last of these on 28 January 1918 marked the end of the Army of the Bug as well.

            Commanders

            The Army of the Bug was commanded throughout its existence by General der Infanterie Alexander von Linsingen (previously commander of South Army). Linsingen was simultaneously commander of Heeresgruppe Linsingen from 20 September 1915 and remained its commander when the Army of the Bug was disbanded.

             Divisional Structure 1914  1st Bavarian Division part of 1st Bavarian Corps and 6th German Army.

            Divisional structure 1914

            Infantry

            • 1st Bavarian Brigade
              • Body Infantry Regiment
              • 1st Bavarian Regiment
            • 2nd Bavarian Brigade
              • 2nd Bavarian Regiment
              • 16th Bavarian Regiment

            Cavalry

            8th Bavarian Light Cavalry

            Artillery

            • 1st Bavarian Artillery Brigade
            • 1st Bavarian Field Artillery Regiment
            • 7th Bavarian Field Artillery Regiment

            Engineers and Liaison

            • 1st Bavarian Engineers Battalion - 1st Field Company
            • 1st Bavarian Engineers Battalion - 3rd Field Company



             Divisional Structure 1915  1st Bavarian Division part of 1st Bavarian Corps and 2nd German Army.

            Divisional structure 1915

            Infantry

            • 1st Bavarian Brigade
              • 1st Bavarian Regiment
            • 2nd Bavarian Brigade
              • 2nd Bavarian Regiment
              • 24th Bavarian Regiment

            Cavalry

            8th Bavarian Light Cavalry

            Artillery

            • 1st Bavarian Artillery Brigade
            • 1st Bavarian Field Artillery Regiment
            • 7th Bavarian Field Artillery Regiment

            Engineers and Liaison

            • 1st Bavarian Engineers Battalion - 1st Field Company
            • 1st Bavarian Engineers Battalion - 3rd Field Company
            • 1st Bavarian Pontoon Engineers
            • 1st Bavarian Telephone Detachment



             Divisional Structure 1916  1st Bavarian Division part of 1st Bavarian Corps and 2nd German Army.

            Divisional structure 1916

            Infantry

            • 2nd Bavarian Brigade
              • 1st Bavarian Regiment
              • 2nd Bavarian Regiment
              • 24th Bavarian Regiment

            Cavalry

            8th Bavarian Light Cavalry - 3 Squadrons

            Artillery

            • 1st Bavarian Artillery Brigade
            • 1st Bavarian Field Artillery Regiment
            • 7th Bavarian Field Artillery Regiment

            Engineers and Liaison

            • 1st Bavarian Engineers Battalion - 1st Field Company
            • 1st Bavarian Engineers Battalion - 3rd Field Company
            • 1st Bavarian Trench Mortar Company
            • 1st Bavarian Pontoon Engineers
            • 1st Bavarian Telephone Detachment



             Divisional Structure 1917  1st Bavarian Division part of 1st Bavarian Corps and 2nd German Army.

            Divisional structure 1917

            Infantry

            • 2nd Bavarian Brigade
              • 1st Bavarian Regiment
              • 2nd Bavarian Regiment
              • 24th Bavarian Regiment

            Cavalry

            • 8th Bavarian Light Cavalry - 2nd Squadron
            • 8th Bavarian Light Cavalry - 3rd Squadron

            Artillery

            • 1st Bavarian Artillery Command
            • 1st Bavarian Field Artillery Regiment

            Engineers and Liaison

            • 1st Bavarian Pioneers Company
            • 3rd Bavarian Pioneers Company
            • 1st Bavarian Trench Mortar Company
            • 1st Bavarian Pontoon Engineers
            • 1st Bavarian Telephone Detachment
            • 1st Bavarian Searchlight Section

            Medical and Veterinary

            • 1st Bavarian Ambulance Company
            • Field Hospital
            • Veterinary Hospital

            Transport

            Motor Transport Column



             Divisional Structure 1918  1st Bavarian Division part of 1st Bavarian Corps and 2nd German Army.

            Divisional structure 1918

            Infantry

            • 2nd Bavarian Brigade
              • 1st Bavarian Regiment
              • 2nd Bavarian Regiment
              • 24th Bavarian Regiment

            Cavalry

            • 8th Bavarian Light Cavalry - 2nd Squadron

            Artillery

            • 1st Bavarian Artillery Command
            • 1st Bavarian Field Artillery Regiment
            • 9th Bavarian Foot Artillery Regiment
            • 123rd Bavarian Light Ammunition Column
            • 146th Bavarian Light Ammunition Column
            • 158th Bavarian Light Ammunition Column

            Engineers and Liaison

            • 1st Bavarian Pioneers Battalion
            • 1st Bavarian Pioneers Company
            • 3rd Bavarian Pioneers Company
            • 1st Bavarian Trench Mortar Company
            • 1st Bavarian Signal Command
            • 1st Bavarian Telephone Detachment
            • 40th Wireless Detachment
            • 1st Bavarian Searchlight Section

            Medical and Veterinary

            • 1st Bavarian Ambulance Company
            • 3rd Bavarian Field Hospital
            • 4th Bavarian Field Hospital

            Transport

            Motor Transport Column



             Divisional Structure 1914  1st Bavarian Reserve Division part of 1st Bavarian Reserve Corps and 6th German Army

            Divisional Structure in 1914

            Infantry

            • 1st Bavarian Reserve Brigade
              • 1st Bavarian Reserve Regiment
              • 2nd Bavarian Reserve Regiment
            • 2nd Bavarian Reserve Brigade
              • 3rd Bavarian Reserve Regiment
              • 12th Bavarian Reserve Regiment

            Cavalry

            1st Bavarian Reserve Cavalry Regiment

            Artillery

            1st Bavarian Reserve Field Artillery Regiment



             Divisional Structure 1915  1st Bavarian Reserve Division part of 1st Bavarian Reserve Corps and 6th German Army

            Divisional Structure in 1915

            Infantry

            • 1st Bavarian Reserve Brigade
              • 1st Bavarian Reserve Regiment
              • 2nd Bavarian Reserve Regiment
            • 2nd Bavarian Reserve Brigade
              • 3rd Bavarian Reserve Regiment
              • 12th Bavarian Reserve Regiment

            Cavalry

            1st Bavarian Reserve Cavalry Regiment

            Artillery

            1st Bavarian Reserve Field Artillery Regiment

            Engineers and Liaison

            • 1st Bavarian Reserve Engineering Battalion
            • 1st Bavarian Reserve Telephone Detachment
            • 1st Bavarian Reserve Pontoon Engineers



             Divisional Structure 1916  1st Bavarian Reserve Division part of 1st Bavarian Reserve Corps and 6th German Army

            Divisional Structure in 1916

            Infantry

            • 1st Bavarian Reserve Brigade
              • 1st Bavarian Reserve Regiment
              • 2nd Bavarian Reserve Regiment
              • 3rd Bavarian Reserve Regiment

            Cavalry

            1st Bavarian Reserve Cavalry Regiment

            Artillery

            1st Bavarian Reserve Field Artillery Regiment

            Engineers and Liaison

            • 2nd Bavarian Reserve Pioneer Company
            • 4th Bavarian Reserve Pioneer Company
            • 201st Bavarian Trench Mortar Company
            • 1st Bavarian Reserve Telephone Detachment
            • 1st Bavarian Reserve Pontoon Engineers



             Divisional Structure 1917  1st Bavarian Reserve Division part of 1st Bavarian Reserve Corps and 6th German Army

            Divisional Structure in 1917

            Infantry

            • 1st Bavarian Reserve Brigade
              • 1st Bavarian Reserve Regiment
              • 2nd Bavarian Reserve Regiment
              • 3rd Bavarian Reserve Regiment

            Cavalry

            3rd Squadron, 3rd Bavarian Light Cavalry Regiment

            Artillery

            • 13th Bavarian Artillery Command
            • 1st Bavarian Reserve Field Artillery Regiment

            Engineers and Liaison

            • 17th Bavarian Engineering Battalion
            • 1st Bavarian Reserve Pioneer Company
            • 3rd Bavarian Reserve Pioneer Company
            • 17th Bavarian Reserve Pioneer Company
            • 201st Bavarian Trench Mortar Company
            • 401st Bavarian Telephone Detachment
            • 1st Bavarian Reserve Searchlight Section

            Medical and Veterinary

            • 15th Bavarian Ambulance Company
            • 45th Bavarian Field Hospital
            • 48th Bavarian Field Hospital
            • 49th Bavarian Field Hospital
            • Veterinary Hospital

            Transport

            750th Motor Transport Column



             Divisional Structure 1918  1st Bavarian Reserve Division part of 1st Bavarian Reserve Corps and 6th German Army

            Divisional Structure in 1918

            Infantry

            • 1st Bavarian Reserve Brigade
              • 1st Bavarian Reserve Regiment
              • 2nd Bavarian Reserve Regiment
              • 3rd Bavarian Reserve Regiment

            Cavalry

            3rd Squadron, 3rd Bavarian Light Cavalry Regiment

            Artillery

            • 13th Bavarian Artillery Command
            • 1st Bavarian Reserve Field Artillery Regiment
            • 1st Abteilung, 1st Bavarian Foot Artillery Regiment (Staff, 1,2 and 4 Batteries)
            • 101st Bavarian Light Ammunition Column
            • 145th Bavarian Light Ammunition Column
            • 147th Bavarian Light Ammunition Column

            Engineers and Liaison

            • 17th Bavarian Pioneer Battalion
            • 1st Bavarian Reserve Pioneer Company
            • 17th Bavarian Reserve Pioneer Company
            • 201st Bavarian Trench Mortar Company
            • 18th Bavarian Reserve Searchlight Section
            • 401st Bavarian Signals Command
            • 401st Bavarian Telephone Detachment
            • 106th Bavarian Wireless Detachment

            Medical and Veterinary

            • 15th Bavarian Ambulance Company
            • 45th Bavarian Field Hospital
            • 48th Bavarian Field Hospital

            Transport

            750th Motor Transport Column



             Divisional Structure 1914  1st Bavarian Landwehr Division part of 1st Bavarian Corps and 6th German Army

            Divisional Structure in 1914

            Infantry

            • 13th Bavarian Landwehr Infantry Brigade
              • 8th Royal Bavarian Landwehr Infantry Regiment
              • 10th Royal Bavarian Landwehr Infantry Regiment
            • 14th Bavarian Landwehr Infantry Brigade
              • 15th Royal Bavarian Landwehr Infantry Regiment
              • 122nd Royal Wurttemberg Landwehr Infantry Regiment
            • 60th Landwehr Infantry Brigade
              • 60th Landwehr Infantry Regiment
              • 71st Thuringen Landwehr Infantry Regiment

            Cavalry

            • Cavalry Ersatz Abteilung -2nd Guards Uhlan Regiment
            • 1st Landwehr Squadron - 2nd Bavarian Army Corps

            Artillery

            • 2nd Ersatz Abteilung 22nd Westphalian Field Artillery Regiment
            • 1st Ersatz Abteilung 84th Strassburg Field Artillery Regiment
            • Landau Battery Royal Bavarian Landsturm

            Engineers and Liaison

            1st Landwehr Pioneer Company - Bavarian Army Corps



             Divisional Structure 1918  1st Bavarian Landwehr Division part of 1st Bavarian Corps and 6th German Army

            Divisional Structure in 1918

            Infantry

            • 5th Bavarian Landwehr Infantry Brigade
              • 4th Royal Bavarian Landwehr Infantry Regiment
              • 6th Royal Bavarian Landwehr Infantry Regiment
              • 7th Royal Bavarian Landwehr Infantry Regiment
              • 6th Machinegun Sharpshooter Abteilung

            Cavalry

            3rd Squadron - 8th Royal Bavarian Chevalliers Regiment

            Artillery

            • 22nd Royal Bavarian Artillery Command
            • 1st Royal Bavarian Landwehr Field Artillery Regiment

            Engineers and Liaison

            • 24th Royal Bavarian Pioneer Battalion
            • 1st Royal Bavarian Landwehr Pioneer Company
            • 18th Royal Bavarian Reserve Pioneer Company
            • 301st Royal Bavarian Trench Mortar Company
            • 501st Royal Bavarian Communications Command



             Divisional Structure 1914  1st German Naval Division part of German Naval Corps and 4th German Army

            Divisional Structure in 1914

            Infantry

              1st Naval Brigade 2nd Naval Brigade

            The following units alternated between the 1st and 2nd Naval Divisions and their Naval Brigades

            • 1st Marine Fusilier Regiment
            • 2nd Marine Fusilier Regiment
            • 3rd Marine Fusilier Regiment
            • 4th Marine Fusilier Regiment
            • 5th Marine Fusilier Regiment
            • 6th Marine Fusilier Regiment
            • 4th Marine Infantry Regiment

            Cavalry

            1st Landwehr Squadron, 10th Command District

            Artillery

            • 1st Landwehr Field Artillery Detachment, 10th Command District
            • 2nd Landwehr Field Artillery Detachment, 10th Command District

            Unfortunately no breakdown of which brigade and Division at any given time during WW1, but units of the German Naval Corps - (all Divisions) served by the sea on the extreme west of the Western Front throughout the Great War.

             Divisional Structure 1915  1st German Naval Division part of German Naval Corps and 4th German Army

            Divisional Structure in 1915

            Infantry

              1st Naval Brigade 2nd Naval Brigade

            The following units alternated between the 1st and 2nd Naval Divisions and their Naval Brigades

            • 1st Marine Fusilier Regiment
            • 2nd Marine Fusilier Regiment
            • 3rd Marine Fusilier Regiment
            • 4th Marine Fusilier Regiment
            • 5th Marine Fusilier Regiment
            • 6th Marine Fusilier Regiment
            • 4th Marine Infantry Regiment

            Cavalry

            1st Landwehr Squadron, 10th Command District

            Artillery

            • 1st Naval Artillery Brigade
            • 1st Naval Field Artillery Regiment
            • 2nd Naval Field Artillery Regiment
            • Torpedo-Matrosen Artillery Regiment



             Divisional Structure 1916  1st German Naval Division part of German Naval Corps and 4th German Army

            Divisional Structure in 1916

            Infantry

              1st Naval Brigade 2nd Naval Brigade

            The following units alternated between the 1st and 2nd Naval Divisions and their Naval Brigades

            • 1st Marine Fusilier Regiment
            • 2nd Marine Fusilier Regiment
            • 3rd Marine Fusilier Regiment
            • 4th Marine Fusilier Regiment
            • 5th Marine Fusilier Regiment
            • 6th Marine Fusilier Regiment
            • 4th Marine Infantry Regiment

            Cavalry

            1st Landwehr Squadron, 10th Command District

            Artillery

            • 1st Naval Field Artillery Regiment
            • 2nd Naval Field Artillery Regiment
            • 3rd Naval Field Artillery Regiment
            • Torpedo-Matrosen Artillery Regiment

            Engineers and Liaison

            • 1st Naval Pioneer Company
            • 2nd Naval Pioneer Company
            • 165th Trench Mortar Company

            Attached units

            124th Labour Battalion



             Divisional Structure 1917  1st German Naval Division part of German Naval Corps and 4th German Army

            Divisional Structure in 1917

            Infantry

            1st Naval Brigade

            The following units alternated between the 1st and 2nd Naval Divisions and their Naval Brigades

            • 1st Marine Fusilier Regiment
            • 2nd Marine Fusilier Regiment
            • 3rd Marine Fusilier Regiment
            • 4th Marine Fusilier Regiment
            • 5th Marine Fusilier Regiment
            • 6th Marine Fusilier Regiment
            • 4th Marine Infantry Regiment

            Cavalry

            4th Squadron, 6th Cuiraisier Regiment

            Artillery

            • 258th Landwehr Field Artillery Regiment
            • Torpedo-Matrosen Artillery Regiment

            Engineers and Liaison

            • 1st Naval Pioneer Company
            • 2nd Naval Pioneer Company
            • 337th Pioneer Company
            • 165th Trench Mortar Company
            • Telephone Detachment

            Medical and Veterinary

            • Ambulance Company
            • 1st Naval Field Hospital
            • Veterinary Hospital

            Transport

            Motor Transport Column

            Attached units

            41st Cyclist Company



             Divisional Structure 1918  1st German Naval Division part of German Naval Corps and 4th German Army

            Divisional Structure in 1918

            Infantry

            1st Naval Brigade

            • 1st Marine Fusilier Regiment
            • 2nd Marine Fusilier Regiment
            • 6th Marine Fusilier Regiment

            Cavalry

            4th Squadron, 6th Cuirassier Regiment

            Artillery

            • Marine Field Artillery Regiment
            • 1st Matrosen Artillery Regiment
            • Marine Corps 1st Foot Artillery Ammunition Column
            • 2nd Light Ammunition Column of Marine Field Artillery Regiment

            Engineers and Liaison

            • 1st Marine Pioneer Battalion
            • 1st Marine Pioneer Company
            • 4th Marine Pioneer Company
            • 1st Entrenching Company
            • 2nd Entrenching Company
            • 291st Marine Signal Command
            • 291st Marine Telephone Detachment
            • 291st Marine Wireless Detachment

            Medical and Veterinary

            • 1st Marine Ambulance Company
            • 1st Marine Field Hospital
            • Veterinary Hospital (Ostend)

            Transport

            Motor Transport Column

            Attached and Odd units

            • 1st Section Flanders Reconnaissance Flight
            • 2nd Section Flanders Reconnaissance Flight
            • 41st Cyclist Company



             Divisional Structure 1914  1st German Cavalry Division part of 1st Reserve Cavalry Corps and 8th German Army

            Divisional Structure in 1914

            • 1st Cavalry Brigade (from 1st Corps District)
              • 3rd (East Prussian) Cuirassiers (Count Wrangel)
              • 1st (Lithuanian) Dragoons (Prince Albrecht of Prussia)
            • 2nd Cavalry Brigade (from 1st Corps District)
              • 12th (Lithuanian) Uhlans
              • 9th Jäger zu Pferde
            • 41st Cavalry Brigade (from 20th Corps District)
              • 5th (West Prussian) Cuirassiers (Duke Frederick Eugene of Württemberg)
              • 4th (1st Pommeranian) Uhlans (von Schmidt)

            Horse Artillery

            Abteilung of the 1st (1st Lithuanian) Field Artillery (Prince August of Prussia)

            Engineers and Liaison

            • 5th Machine Gun Detachment
            • Pioneer Detachment
            • Signals Detachment
            • 17th Heavy Wireless Station
            • 7th Light Wireless Station
            • 14th Light Wireless Station

            Transport

            Cavalry Motorised Vehicle Column



             Divisional Structure 1918  1st German Cavalry Division part of 1st Reserve Cavalry Corps and 8th German Army

            Divisional Structure in 1918

            • 2nd Cavalry Brigade (from 1st Corps District)
              • 3rd (East Prussian) Cuirassiers (Count Wrangel)
              • 1st (Lithuanian) Dragoons (Prince Albrecht of Prussia)
              • 12th (Lithuanian) Uhlans

            Horse Artillery

            • Abteilung of the 1st (1st Lithuanian) Field Artillery (Prince August of Prussia)
            • Abteilung of the 35th (1st West Prussian) Field Artillery

            Engineers and Liaison

            • 1st Pioneer Detachment
            • 347th Searchlight Section

            Medical and Veterinary

              70th Ambulance Company 66th Veterinary Hospital 142nd Veterinary Hospital

            Other Units

            • 152nd Cyclist Company
            • 153rd Cyclist Company
            • 159th Cyclist Company



             Divisional Structure 1915  2nd German Naval Division part of German Naval Corps and 4th German Army

            Divisional Structure in 1915

            Infantry

            • 3rd Naval Brigade
            • 4th Naval Brigade

            The following units alternated between the 1st and 2nd Naval Divisions and their Naval Brigades

            • 1st Marine Fusilier Regiment
            • 2nd Marine Fusilier Regiment
            • 3rd Marine Fusilier Regiment
            • 4th Marine Fusilier Regiment
            • 5th Marine Fusilier Regiment
            • 6th Marine Fusilier Regiment
            • 4th Marine Infantry Regiment



             Divisional Structure 1916  2nd German Naval Division part of German Naval Corps and 4th German Army

            Divisional Structure in 1916

            Infantry

            • 3rd Naval Brigade
            • 4th Naval Brigade

            The following units alternated between the 1st and 2nd Naval Divisions and their Naval Brigades

            • 1st Marine Fusilier Regiment
            • 2nd Marine Fusilier Regiment
            • 3rd Marine Fusilier Regiment
            • 4th Marine Fusilier Regiment
            • 5th Marine Fusilier Regiment
            • 6th Marine Fusilier Regiment
            • 4th Marine Infantry Regiment

            Artillery

            • Marine Field Artillery A Battery

            Engineers and Liaison

            • 3rd Naval Pioneer Company

            Attached units

            27th Labour Battalion



             Divisional Structure 1917  2nd German Naval Division part of German Naval Corps and 4th German Army

            Divisional Structure in 1917

            Infantry

            • 3rd Naval Brigade
            • 4th Naval Brigade

            The following units alternated between the 1st and 2nd Naval Divisions and their Naval Brigades

            • 1st Marine Fusilier Regiment
            • 2nd Marine Fusilier Regiment
            • 3rd Marine Fusilier Regiment
            • 4th Marine Fusilier Regiment
            • 5th Marine Fusilier Regiment
            • 6th Marine Fusilier Regiment
            • 4th Marine Infantry Regiment

            Artillery

            • 1st Marine Field Artillery Regiment
            • 2nd Marine Field Artillery Regiment
            • 3rd Marine Field Artillery Regiment

            Engineers and Liaison

            • 3rd Naval Pioneer Company
            • 4th Naval Pioneer Company
            • 377th Pioneer Company
            • Telephone Detachment

            Medical and Veterinary

            • Ambulance Company
            • Field Hospital
            • Veterinary Hospital

            Transport

            Motor Transport Column

            Attached units

            Coast Defense Battalion



             Divisional Structure 1918  2nd German Naval Division part of German Naval Corps and 4th German Army

            Divisional Structure in 1918

            Infantry

            3rd Marine Brigade

            • 3rd Marine Regiment
            • 4th Marine Regiment
            • 5th Marine Regiment

            Cavalry

            4th Squadron, 10th Hussar Regiment

            Artillery

            • 3rd Marine Artillery Regiment

            Engineers and Liaison

            • 2nd Marine Pioneer Battalion
            • 2nd Marine Pioneer Company
            • 3rd Marine Pioneer Company
            • 3rd Entrenching Company
            • 4th Entrenching Company
            • 292nd Marine Signal Command
            • 292nd Marine Telephone Detachment

            Medical and Veterinary

            • 2nd Marine Ambulance Company
            • 3rd Marine Field Hospital
            • 4th Marine Field Hospital

            Transport

            Motor Transport Column

            Attached and Odd units

            • Coast Defense Battalion



             Divisional Structure 1917  2nd German Naval Division part of German Naval Corps and 4th German Army

            Divisional Structure in 1917

            Infantry

            4th Naval Brigade

            • 1st Marine Regiment
            • 2nd Marine Regiment
            • 3rd Marine Regiment

            Artillery

            • 9th Field Artillery Regiment

            Engineers and Liaison

            • 1st Company Marine Pioneer Battalion
            • 2nd Company Marine Pioneer Battalion
            • 337th Pioneer Company
            • 165th Trench Mortar Company

            Attached units

            Coast Defense Battalion



             Divisional Structure 1918  3rd German Naval Division part of German Naval Corps and 4th German Army

            Divisional Structure in 1918

            Infantry

            Marine Infantry Brigade

            • 1st Marine Regiment
            • 2nd Marine Regiment
            • 3rd Marine Regiment

            Cavalry

            3rd Squadron, 7th Hussar Regiment

            Artillery

            • 2nd Matrosen Field Artillery Regiment
            • 925th Light Ammunition Column
            • 1234th Light Ammunition Column
            • 1292nd Light Ammunition Column

            Engineers and Liaison

            • 115th Pioneer Battalion
            • 1st Reserve Pioneer Company
            • 4th Marine Pioneer Company
            • 293rd Signal Command
            • 293rd Telephone Detachment
            • 68th Wireless Detachment

            Medical and Veterinary

            • 610th Ambulance Company
            • 2nd Marine Field Hospital
            • 390th Field Hospital
            • 569 Veterinary Hospital (Ostend)

            Transport

            679th Motor Transport Column

            Attached and Odd units

            • Coast Defense Battalion



             Divisional Structure 1914  2nd German Guard Division part of Guard Corps and 2nd German Army

            Divisional Structure in 1914

            Infantry

            • 3rd Guard Brigade
              • 1st Grenardier Regiment
              • 2nd Grenardier Regiment
            • 4th Guard Brigade
              • 3rd Grenardier Regiment
              • 4th Grenardier Regiment
            • 5th Guard Brigade
              • 5th Grenardier Regiment
              • 5th Foot Regiment

            Artillery

            • 2nd Guard Artillery Brigade
            • 2nd Guard Field Artillery Regiment
            • 4th Guard Field Artillery Regiment


             Divisional Structure 1915  2nd German Guard Division part of Guard Corps and 2nd German Army

            Divisional Structure in 1915

            Infantry

            • 3rd Guard Brigade
              • 1st Grenardier Regiment
              • 2nd Grenardier Regiment
            • 4th Guard Brigade
              • 3rd Grenardier Regiment
              • 4th Grenardier Regiment

            Cavalry

            • 4th Guards Brigade
            • Body Guard Hussar Regiment
            • 2nd Guard Uhlan Regiment

            Artillery

            • 2nd Guard Artillery Brigade
            • 2nd Guard Field Artillery Regiment
            • 4th Guard Field Artillery Regiment

            Engineers and Liaison

            • 1st Guard Engineers Battalion
            • Field Company Guard Pioneer Battalion
            • 2nd Guard Pontoon Engineers
            • 2nd Guard Telephone Detachment



             Divisional Structure 1916  2nd German Guard Division part of Guard Corps and 2nd German Army

            Divisional Structure in 1916

            Infantry

            • 3rd Guard Brigade
              • 1st Grenardier Regiment
              • 2nd Grenardier Regiment
            • 4th Guard Brigade
              • 3rd Grenardier Regiment
              • 4th Grenardier Regiment

            Cavalry

            • Cavalry Regiment Schlotheim
            • 2nd Squadron, 2nd Guard Uhlan Regiment
            • 5th Squadron, 2nd Guard Uhlan Regiment
            • 1st Squadron, 9th Dragoon Regiment
            • Ersatz Squadron, 2nd Uhlan Regiment
            • Ersatz Squadron, 1st Horse Jäger Regiment

            Artillery

            • 2nd Guard Artillery Brigade
            • 2nd Guard Field Artillery Regiment
            • 4th Guard Field Artillery Regiment

            Engineers and Liaison

            • 1st Guard Engineers Battalion
            • 2nd Company Guard Pioneer Battalion
            • 1st Company 28th Pioneer Battalion
            • 281st Pioneer Company
            • 2nd Guard Pontoon Engineers
            • 2nd Guard Telephone Detachment
            • 2nd Guard Trench Mortar Company



             Divisional Structure 1917  2nd German Guard Division part of Guard Corps and 2nd German Army

            Divisional Structure in 1917

            Infantry

            • 3rd Guard Brigade
              • 1st Grenardier Regiment
              • 2nd Grenardier Regiment
              • 4th Grenardier Regiment

            Cavalry

            • 1st Squadron, 9th Dragoon Regiment

            Artillery

            • 2nd Guard Artillery Command
            • 2nd Guard Field Artillery Regiment

            Engineers and Liaison

            • 102nd Engineers Battalion
            • 2nd Company Guard Pioneer Battalion
            • 3rd Company Guard Pioneer Battalion
            • 278th Searchlight Section
            • 281st Searchlight Section
            • 298th Searchlight Section
            • 2nd Guard Pontoon Engineers
            • 2nd Guard Telephone Detachment
            • 2nd Guard Trench Mortar Company

            Medical and Veterinary

            • 2nd Ambulance Company
            • 2nd Field Hospital
            • 3rd Field Hospital
            • 2nd Guard Veterinary Hospital

            Attached Units

            • 2nd Machine Gun Sharpshooter Detachment
            • 1st Abteilung 43 Reserve Field Artillery Regiment
            • 3rd Abteilung 43 Reserve Field Artillery Regiment
            • 1st Abteilung 16th Foot Artillery Regiment
            • 2nd Abteilung 11th Reserve Foot Artillery Regiment
            • 10th Battery 13th Reserve Foot Artillery Regiment
            • 190th Foot Battery
            • 9th Battery 12th Reserve Foot Artillery Regiment with Transport
            • 1st Battery 57th Landwehr Foot Artillery Regiment
            • 3rd Company 87th Labour Battalion
            • 1133rd Wireless Detachment (from 27th Division)
            • 289th Pigeon Loft
            • 3rd Balloon Section
            • 327th Ammunition Train
            • 191st Motor Transport Column
            • 216th Motor Transport Column
            • 853rd Motor Transport Column
            • 865th Motor Transport Column
            • 188th Depot Supply Train



             Divisional Structure 1918  2nd German Guard Division part of Guard Corps and 2nd German Army

            Divisional Structure in 1918

            Infantry

            • 3rd Guard Brigade
              • 1st Grenardier Regiment
              • 2nd Grenardier Regiment
              • 4th Grenardier Regiment

            Cavalry

            • 1st Squadron, Body Guard Hussar Regiment

            Artillery

            • 2nd Guard Artillery Command
            • 2nd Guard Field Artillery Regiment
            • 3rd Abteilung, 3rd Foot Artillery Regiment (Staff,10,11 and 12 Batteries)
            • 535th Foot Artillery Battery
            • 965th Light Ammunition Column
            • 1385th Light Ammunition Column
            • 1386th Light Ammunition Column

            Engineers and Liaison

            • 102nd Pioneer Battalion
            • 2nd Company Guard Pioneer Battalion
            • 3rd Company Guard Pioneer Battalion
            • 211th Searchlight Section
            • 2nd Guard Signal Command
            • 2nd Guard Telephone Detachment
            • 73rd Wireless Detachment

            Medical and Veterinary

            • 2nd Ambulance Company
            • 2nd Field Hospital
            • 3rd Field Hospital
            • 2nd Guard Veterinary Hospital



             Divisional History  2nd Guards Reserve Division part of 10th German Army Reserve Corps and German 2nd Army

            Divisional History

            The 2nd Guards Reserve Division (2. Garde-Reserve-Division) was a reserve infantry division of the Imperial German Army in World War I. Despite its name, it was not a reserve formation of the Prussian Guards like the 1st Guards Reserve Division. Instead, other than the 55th Reserve Infantry Regiment, which was raised by the 4th Guards Grenadiers, it was primarily made up of non-Guards reservists from Westphalia and Hanover. It was formed on mobilization in August 1914 as part of X Reserve Corps and dissolved in 1919 during the demobilization of the German Army after the Armistice.

            The division spent the entire war on the Western Front. It fought in the First Battle of the Marne in 1914, the Battle of the Somme in 1916, the Battles of Arras and Battle of Passchendaele in 1917, and occupied various parts of the front throughout the war. It participated in the 1918 German Spring Offensive. It was rated by Allied intelligence as a second class division.

             Divisional Structure 1914  2nd Guards Reserve Division part of 10th German Army Reserve Corps and German 2nd Army

            Divisional Structure in 1914

            On mobilization in August 1914, reserve infantry regiments from Westphalia and Hannover, as well as smaller German states adjoining these Prussian provinces, were called up and formed the core of the 2nd Guards Reserve Division. They were joined by artillery, cavalry, and engineer units also from various parts of Germany. The 2nd Guards Reserve Division's initial wartime organization was as follows:

            Infantry

            • 26th Reserve Infantry Brigade
              • 15th Westfälisches Reserve Infantry Regiment
              • 55th Westfälisches Reserve Infantry Regiment
            • 38th Reserve Infantry Brigade
              • 77th Hannoversches Reserve Infantry Regiment
              • 91st Hannoversches Reserve Infantry Regiment
              • 10th Hannoversches Reserve Jäger Battalion

            Cavalry

            2nd Reserve Uhlan Regiment

            Artillery

            20th Reserve Field Artillery Regiment

            Engineers and Liaison

            10th Battalion 4th Hannoversches Pioneers

             Divisional History  2nd German Cavalry Division part of 2nd Cavalry Corps which preceded 1st and 2nd German Armies.

            Divisional History

            The 2nd Cavalry Division (2. Kavallerie-Division) was a unit of the German Army in World War I. The division was formed on the mobilization of the German Army in August 1914. The division was disbanded in 1919 during the demobilization of the German Army after World War I.

            It was initially assigned to II Cavalry Corps, which preceded the 1st and 2nd Armies on the Western Front. On 12 November 1914, it was transferred to Russia and then to Romania on 25 November 1916, returning to the West in December 1916. It served as a Frontier Guard on the Dutch border from 26 February 1917 to 10 September 1917; then it was again transferred to Russia and finally to the Ukraine in March 1918.

             Divisional Structure 1914  2nd German Cavalry Division part of 2nd Cavalry Corps wnich preceeded 1st and 2nd German Armies.

            Divisional Structure in 1914

            Cavalry

            • 5th Cavalry Brigade (from III Corps District)
              • 2nd (1st Brandenburg) Dragoons
              • 3rd (1st Brandenburg) Uhlans (Emperor Alexander II of Russia)
            • 8th Cavalry Brigade (from IV Corps District)
              • 7th (Magdeburg) Cuirassiers (von Seydlitz)
              • 12th (Thuringian) Hussars
            • Leib Hussar Brigade (from XVII Corps District)
              • 1st Life Hussars (Totenkopf)
              • 2nd Life Hussars (Queen Victoria of Prussia)

            Artillery

            Horse Artillery Abteilung of the 35th (1st West Prussian) Field Artillery Regiment

            Engineers and Liaison

            • 4th Machine Gun Detachment
            • Pioneer Detachment
            • 1st Signals Detachment Heavy Wireless Station
            • 5th Light Wireless Station
            • 6th Light Wireless Station

            Transport

            Cavalry Motorised Vehicle Column 2

             Divisional Structure 1918  2nd German Cavalry Division part of 2nd Cavalry Corps which preceded 1st and 2nd German Armies.

            Divisional Structure 1918

            From August 1916, the Division was significantly restructured.

            • Leib Hussar Brigade became independent on 20 August 1916
            • 5th Cavalry Brigade became independent on 8 August 1916
            • 8th Cavalry brigade was transferred to 1st Cavalry Division on 25 July 1916
            • 22nd Cavalry Brigade joined on 13 August 1916 from 3rd Cavalry Division
            • 25th Cavalry Brigade joined on 23 September 1916 also from 3rd Cavalry Division
            • 7th Bavarian Cavalry Brigade "Siebenburgische" joined (previously independent) and left again on 18 February 1918

            The organisation in 1918

            • 22nd Cavalry Brigade (11th Corps District)
              • 5th (Rhenish) Dragoons "Baron Manteuffel"
              • 14th (2nd Kurhessian) Hussars "Landgrave Frederick II of Hesse-Homburg"
            • 25th Cavalry Brigade (18th Corps District)
              • 23rd Guards Dragoons (1st Grand Ducal Hessian)
              • 24th Life Dragoons (2nd Grand Ducal Hessian)
            • 7th Bavarian Cavalry Brigade "Siebenburgische"
              • 4th Royal Bavarian Chevau-légers "King"
              • 5th Royal Bavarian Chevau-légers "Archduke Albrecht of Austria"

              Artillery

              Horse Artillery Abteilung of the 15th (1st Upper Alsatian) Field Artillery Regiment

              Engineers and Liaison

              • 2nd Pioneer Detachment
              • 7th Cavalry Pioneer Detachment
              • 200th Bavarian Trench Mortar Company
              • 2nd Machine Gun Detachment
              • 3rd Machine Gun Detachment

              Medical and Veterinary

              21st Ambulance Company

              Attached units

              • 4th Jager Battalion
              • 1st Cyclist Company, 3rd Jager Battalion
              • 2nd Cyclist Company, 3rd Jager Battalion



               Divisional Structure 1914  2nd German Division part of 1st Army Corps and 8th Army

              Divisional Structure in 1914

              Infantry

              • 3rd Infantry Brigade
                • 4th Grenadier Regiment
                • 44th Infantry Regiment
              • 4th Infantry Brigade
                • 33rd Fusilier Regiment
                • 45th Infantry Regiment

              Cavalry

              10th Horse Jäger Regiment

              Artillery

              2nd Artillery Brigade

              • 1st Field Artillery Regiment
              • 37th Field Artillery Regiment



               Divisional Structure 1915  German 2nd Division part of 1st Army Corps and 8th Army

              Divisional Structure in 1915

              Infantry

              • 3rd Infantry Brigade
                • 4th Grenadier Regiment
                • 44th Infantry Regiment
              • 4th Infantry Brigade
                • 33rd Fusilier Regiment
                • 45th Infantry Regiment

              Cavalry

              10th Horse Jäger Regiment

              Artillery

              2nd Artillery Brigade

              • 1st Field Artillery Regiment
              • 37th Field Artillery Regiment

              Engineers and Liaison

              • 1st Pioneer Battalion
              • 1st Field Company Pioneer Battalion
              • 2nd Pontoon Engineers
              • 2nd Telephone Detachment



               Divisional Structure 1916  German 2nd Division part of 1st Army Corps and 8th Army

              Divisional Structure in 1916

              Infantry

              • 3rd Infantry Brigade
                • 4th Grenadier Regiment
                • 44th Infantry Regiment
                • 33rd Fusilier Regiment
                • 3rd Landsturm Regiment

              Cavalry

              10th Horse Jäger Regiment

              Artillery

              2nd Artillery Brigade

              • 1st Field Artillery Regiment
              • 37th Field Artillery Regiment

              Engineers and Liaison

              • 1st Pioneer Battalion
              • 2nd Field Company Pioneer Battalion
              • 2nd Trench Mortar Company
              • 2nd Pontoon Engineers
              • 2nd Telephone Detachment



               Divisional Structure 1916  German 2nd Division part of 1st Army Corps and 8th Army

              Divisional Structure in 1917

              Infantry

              • 3rd Infantry Brigade
                • 4th Grenadier Regiment
                • 44th Infantry Regiment
                • 33rd Fusilier Regiment

              Cavalry

              10th Horse Jäger Regiment, 2nd Squadron

              Artillery

              2nd Artillery Command

              • 1st Field Artillery Regiment

              Engineers and Liaison

              • 1st Pioneer Battalion
              • 2nd Company Pioneer Battalion
              • 4th Company Pioneer Battalion
              • 2nd Trench Mortar Company
              • 2nd Searchlight Section
              • 2nd Telephone Detachment

              Medical and Veterinary

              • 5th Ambulance Company
              • 11th Field Hospital
              • 12th Field Hospital
              • 195th Veterinary Hospital

              Transport

              535 Motor Transport Column

              Attached

              • 150th Bavarian Anti-Aircraft Section
              • Cyclist Detachment - 2nd Landsturm Battalion.



               Divisional Structure 1918  German 2nd Division part of 1st Army Corps and 8th Army

              Divisional Structure in 1918

              Infantry

              • 3rd Infantry Brigade
                • 4th Grenadier Regiment
                • 44th Infantry Regiment
                • 33rd Fusilier Regiment

              Cavalry

              10th Horse Jäger Regiment, 2nd Squadron

              Artillery

              2nd Artillery Command

              • 1st Field Artillery Regiment
              • 4th Abteilung 6th Reserve Foot Artillery Regiment
              • 872 Light Ammunition Column
              • 1364 Light Ammunition Column
              • 1392 Light Ammunition Column

              Engineers and Liaison

              • 1st Pioneer Battalion
              • 2nd Company Pioneer Battalion
              • 4th Company Pioneer Battalion
              • 2nd Trench Mortar Company
              • 4th Searchlight Section
              • 2nd Telephone Detachment
              • 159th Wireless Detachment

              Medical and Veterinary

              • 5th Ambulance Company
              • 11th Field Hospital
              • 12th Field Hospital
              • 195th Veterinary Hospital

              Transport

              535 Motor Transport Column

              Attached



               Divisional Structure 1917  2nd Bavarian Landwehr Division part of 8th Army

              Divisional Structure 1917

              Infantry

              9th Bavarian Landwehr Brigade

              • 2nd Landwehr Bavarian Regiment
              • 5th Landwehr Bavarian Regiment
              • 10th Landwehr Bavarian Regiment

              Cavalry

              5th Squadron, 4th Bavarian Light Cavalry

              Artillery Command

              • 2nd Bavarian Landwehr Field Artillery Regiment
              • 811 Field Artillery Battery
              • 905 Field Artillery Battery

              Engineers and Liaisons

              • 25th Bavarian Engineers Battalion
              • 2nd Bavarian Landwehr Pioneer Company
              • 3rd Bavarian Landwehr Pioneer Company
              • 502 Bavarian Trench Mortar Company
              • 502 Telephone Detachment

              Medical and Veterinary

              • 24th Bavarian Ambulance Company
              • 17th Bavarian Field Hospital
              • 63rd Bavarian Field Hospital
              • 32nd Veterinary Hospital

              Transport

              Motor Transport Column

              Attached

              156th Labour Battalion.

               Divisional Structure 1918  2nd Bavarian Landwehr Division part of 8th Army

              Later (1918) part of 66th Corps(zbV) and 19th Army (zbV = zur besonderen Vervendung) (for special use)

              Divisional Structure 1918

              Infantry

              9th Bavarian Landwehr Brigade

              • 2nd Landwehr Bavarian Regiment
              • 5th Landwehr Bavarian Regiment
              • 10th Landwehr Bavarian Regiment

              Cavalry

              3rd Squadron, 1st Bavarian Reserve Cavalry Regiment

              Artillery Command

              • 2nd Bavarian Landwehr Field Artillery Regiment

              Engineers and Liaisons

              • 25th Bavarian Engineers Battalion
              • 2nd Bavarian Landwehr Pioneer Company
              • 3rd Bavarian Landwehr Pioneer Company
              • 12 Bavarian Searchlight Section
              • 502 Telephone Detachment
              • 502 Signals Command

              Medical and Veterinary

              • 24th Bavarian Ambulance Company
              • 17th Bavarian Field Hospital
              • 63rd Bavarian Field Hospital



               Divisional Structure 1914 and 1915  2nd Landwehr Division part of 5th German Army

              Divisional Structure in 1914 and 1915

              Infantry

              • 53 Mixed Landwehr Brigade
                • 124 Landwehr Regiment
                • 125 Landwehr Regiment
              • 9th Bavarian Mixed Landwehr Brigade
                • 6th Bavarian Landwehr Regiment
                • 7th Bavarian Landwehr Regiment

                Cavalry

                3rd Landwehr Squadron, 13th Cavalry District.

                Artillery

                1st Landwehr Battery, Landsturm Battalion (13th Cavalry District).



                 Divisional Structure 1916  2nd Landwehr Division part of 5th German Army

                Divisional Structure in 1916

                Infantry

                • 53 Mixed Landwehr Brigade
                  • 124 Landwehr Regiment
                  • 125 Landwehr Regiment
                  • 120 Landwehr Regiment
                  • 122 Landwehr Regiment
                  • 6th Reserve Jäger Battalion

                  Cavalry

                  • 3rd Landwehr Squadron, 13th Cavalry District.
                  • 3rd Landsturm Squadron, 13th Cavalry District.

                  Artillery

                  2nd Landwehr Regiment.

                  Engineers and Liaison

                  • 6th Company, 13th Pioneers
                  • 3rd Company, 18th Pioneers
                  • 302nd Trench Mortar Company



                   Divisional Structure 1917  2nd Landwehr Division part of 5th German Army

                  Divisional Structure in 1917

                  Infantry

                  • 54 Landwehr Brigade
                    • 120 Landwehr Regiment
                    • 122 Landwehr Regiment
                    • 125 Landwehr Regiment

                  Cavalry

                  • 3rd Landwehr Squadron, 13th Cavalry District.
                  • 4th Squadron, 20th Uhlan Regiment.

                  Artillery

                  • 142nd Artillery Command
                  • 2nd Landwehr Field Artillery Regiment

                  Engineers and Liaisons

                  • 402 Engineering Battalion
                  • 1st Landwehr Company 13th Pioneers
                  • 5th Landwehr Company 13th Pioneers
                  • 302 Trench Mortar Company
                  • 299 Searchlight Section
                  • 502 Telephone Detachment

                  Medical and Veterinary

                  • 572 Ambulance Company
                  • 254 Field Hospital
                  • 25 Landwehr Field Hospital
                  • 502 Veterinary Hospital

                    Transport

                    772 Motor Transport Column



                     Divisional Structure 1918  2nd Landwehr Division part of 5th German Army

                    Divisional Structure in 1918

                    Infantry

                    • 54 Landwehr Brigade
                      • 120 Landwehr Regiment
                      • 122 Landwehr Regiment
                      • 125 Landwehr Regiment

                    Cavalry

                    • 3rd Landwehr Squadron, 13th Cavalry District.
                    • 4th Squadron, 20th Uhlan Regiment.

                    Artillery

                    • 142nd Artillery Command
                    • 2nd Landwehr Field Artillery Regiment

                    Engineers and Liaisons

                    • 402 Engineering Battalion
                    • 1st Landwehr Company 13th Pioneers
                    • 5th Landwehr Company 13th Pioneers
                    • 302 Trench Mortar Company
                    • 224 Searchlight Section
                    • 502 Signal Command
                    • 502 Telephone Detachment
                    • 176 Wireless Detachment

                    Medical and Veterinary

                    • 572 Ambulance Company
                    • 254 Field Hospital
                    • 25 Landwehr Field Hospital
                    • 502 Veterinary Hospital

                    Transport

                    772 Motor Transport Column



                     Divisional Structure 1915  2nd Bavarian Division part of 1st Bavarian Corps and German 6th Army

                    Divisional structure in 1915.

                    Infantry

                    • 3rd Bavarian Brigade
                      • 3rd Bavarian Regiment
                      • 20th Bavarian Regiment
                    • 4th Bavarian Brigade
                      • 12th Bavarian Regiment
                      • 15th Bavarian Regiment

                    Cavalry

                    4th Bavarian Light Cavalry Regiment

                    Artillery

                    • 2nd Bavarian Artillery Brigade
                    • 4th Bavarian Field Artillery Regiment
                    • 9th Bavarian Field Artillery Regiment

                    Engineers and Liaison

                    • 2nd Field Company, 1st Bavarian Pioneer Battalion
                    • 2nd Bavarian Pontoon Engineers
                    • 2nd Bavarian Telephone Detachment



                     Divisional Structure 1916  2nd Bavarian Division part of 1st Bavarian Corps and German 6th Army

                    Divisional structure in 1916.

                    Infantry

                    • 4th Bavarian Brigade
                      • 12th Bavarian Regiment
                      • 15th Bavarian Regiment
                      • 20th Bavarian Regiment

                    Cavalry

                    3 Squadrons, 4th Bavarian Light Cavalry Regiment

                    Artillery

                    • 2nd Bavarian Artillery Brigade
                    • 2nd Bavarian Field Artillery Regiment
                    • 9th Bavarian Field Artillery Regiment

                    Engineers and Liaison

                    • 2nd Field Company, 1st Bavarian Pioneer Battalion
                    • 4th Field Company, 1st Bavarian Pioneer Battalion
                    • 2nd Reserve Company, 19th Pioneers
                    • 2nd Bavarian Trench Mortar Company
                    • 2nd Bavarian Pontoon Engineers
                    • 2nd Bavarian Telephone Detachment



                     Divisional Structure 1917  2nd Bavarian Division part of 1st Bavarian Corps and German 6th Army

                    Divisional structure in 1917.

                    Infantry

                    • 4th Bavarian Brigade
                      • 12th Bavarian Regiment
                      • 15th Bavarian Regiment
                      • 20th Bavarian Regiment

                    Cavalry

                    2 and 3 Squadrons, 8th Bavarian Light Cavalry Regiment

                    Artillery

                    • 2nd Bavarian Artillery Command
                    • 9th Bavarian Field Artillery Regiment

                    Engineers and Liaison

                    • 2nd Field Company, 1st Bavarian Pioneer Battalion
                    • 4th Field Company, 1st Bavarian Pioneer Battalion
                    • 2nd Bavarian Trench Mortar Company
                    • 2nd Bavarian Telephone Detachment

                    Medical and Veterinary

                    • 2nd Bavarian Ambulance Company
                    • 6th Bavarian Field Hospital
                    • Veterinary Hospital

                    Transport

                    682 Motor Transport Column



                     Divisional Structure 1918  2nd Bavarian Division part of 1st Bavarian Corps and German 6th Army

                    Divisional structure in 1918.

                    Infantry

                    • 4th Bavarian Brigade
                      • 12th Bavarian Regiment
                      • 15th Bavarian Regiment
                      • 20th Bavarian Regiment

                    Cavalry

                    3 Squadrons, 8th Bavarian Light Cavalry Regiment

                    Artillery

                    • 2nd Bavarian Artillery Command
                    • 9th Bavarian Field Artillery Regiment
                    • 1st Abteilung, 3rd Bavarian Reserve Foot Artillery Regiment
                    • 151 Bavarian Light Ammunition Column
                    • 153 Bavarian Light Ammunition Column
                    • 160 Bavarian Light Ammunition Column

                    Engineers and Liaison

                    • 7th Bavarian Pioneer Battalion
                      • 2nd Bavarian Pioneer Company
                      • 4th Bavarian Pioneer Company
                      • 2nd Bavarian Trench Mortar Company

                    2nd Bavarian Signal Command

                    • 2nd Bavarian Telephone Detachment
                    • 107th Wireless Detachment

                    Medical and Veterinary

                    • 2nd Bavarian Ambulance Company
                    • 6th Bavarian Field Hospital
                    • 8th Bavarian Field Hospital

                    Transport

                    682 Motor Transport Column



                     Divisional Structure 1916  3rd German Guards Division part of Guards Reserve Corps and 2nd German Army

                    Divisional Structure in 1916

                    Infantry

                    • 6th Guard Brigade
                      • Guard Fusiliers
                      • Landwehr Regiment
                      • 9th Grenadier Regiment

                    Cavalry

                    Guard Reserve Uhlan Regiment

                    Artillery

                    • 5th Guard Field Artillery Regiment
                    • 6th Guard Field Artillery Regiment
                    • (formed of the Juterbog Instruction Regiment)

                    Engineers and Liaisons

                    • Pioneer Company
                    • 3rd Guard Trench Mortar Company
                    • 3rd Guard Pontoon Engineers
                    • 3rd Guard Telephone Detachment

                    Attached

                    75th Anti-Aircraft Section



                     Divisional Structure 1914  3rd German Guards Division part of Guards Reserve Corps and 2nd German Army

                    Divisional Structure in 1914: Organised in August 1914 with elements taken from 1st and 2nd Guard Divisions.

                    Infantry

                    • 5th Guard Brigade
                      • 5th Foot Regiment
                      • 5th Grenadier Regiment
                    • 6th Guard Brigade
                      • Guard Fusiliers
                      • Landwehr Regiment

                    Cavalry

                    Guard Reserve Uhlan Regiment

                    Artillery

                    • 5th Guard Field Artillery Regiment
                    • 6th Guard Field Artillery Regiment
                    • (formed of the Juterbog Instruction Regiment)



                     Divisional Structure 1915  3rd German Guards Division part of Guards Reserve Corps and 2nd German Army

                    Divisional Structure in 1915

                    Infantry

                    • 5th Guard Brigade
                      • 5th Foot Regiment
                      • 5th Grenadier Regiment
                    • 6th Guard Brigade
                      • Guard Fusiliers
                      • Landwehr Regiment

                    Cavalry

                    Guard Reserve Uhlan Regiment

                    Artillery

                    • 5th Guard Field Artillery Regiment
                    • 6th Guard Field Artillery Regiment
                    • (formed of the Juterbog Instruction Regiment)

                    Engineers and Liaisons

                    • Pioneer Company
                    • 3rd Guard Pontoon Engineers
                    • 3rd Guard Telephone Detachment



                     Divisional Structure 1917  3rd German Guards Division part of Guards Reserve Corps and 2nd German Army

                    Divisional Structure in 1917

                    Infantry

                    • 6th Guard Brigade
                      • Guard Fusiliers
                      • Landwehr Regiment
                      • 9th Grenadier Regiment

                    Cavalry

                    • 3rd Squadron Guard Reserve Uhlan Regiment
                    • 1st Squadron 2nd Guard Dragoon Regiment

                    Artillery

                    • Artillery Command
                    • 5th Guard Field Artillery Regiment

                    Engineers and Liaisons

                    • 104th Pioneer Battalion
                    • 1st Company, 28th Pioneers
                    • 274th Pioneer Company
                    • 3rd Guard Trench Mortar Company
                    • 280th Searchlight Section
                    • 3rd Guard Telephone Detachment
                    • 55th Telephone Detachment

                    Medical and Veterinary

                    • 7th Ambulance Company
                    • 265th Ambulance Company
                    • 393rd Ambulance Company
                    • 35th Field Hospital
                    • 3rd Guards Veterinary Hospital

                    Transport

                    Motor Transport Column

                    Attached

                    75th Anti-Aircraft Section



                    1st August 1914 Early actions 1914  1st German Division part of 1st Army Corps and 8th Army then with 9th and 10th Armies

                    1914-1915

                    Along with the 2nd Division, the 1st Division formed the 1st Army Corps (Koenigsberg).

                    Russia

                    The 1st Army Corps was engaged on the Russian Front at the very beginning of the war.

                    Up until November, the 1st Division participated in the operations of East Prussia and notably in the battle of Tannenberg (Aug. 27-29).

                    In December the two division of the 1st Corps separated. The 2nd Division remained in the north and the 1st Division went to the 9th Army, from December, 1914, to January, 1915 (Bzura-Rawka), then to the Army of the South, operating in the Carpathians and on the Dniester, from February, 1915, to February, 1916.

                    1st August 1914 Early actions 1914  1st Bavarian Division part of 1st Bavarian Corps and 6th German Army.

                    1914.

                    Lorraine.

                    At the beginning of the war the 1st Bavarian Division, forming, with the 2nd Bavarian Division, the 1st Bavarian Corps, was part of the 6th Army (Bavarian Crown Prince). It detrained at Sarrebruecken (Aug. 8-9), crossed the frontier, sacked Badonviller on the 12th and withdrew to the north of Sarrebruecken on the 17th. It fought at Sarrebruecken on the 20th. In liaison on the left with the Badeners of the 14th Corps, it crossed the frontier and advanced to Nossoncourt and Xaffevillers (Sept. 6th) via Baccarat. On September 12th, the division, having been withdrawn, was reassembled at Peltre (near Metz). It then entrained at Metz on the 14th and 15th, and detrained near Namur, reaching Peronne on the 24th.

                    1st August 1914 Early actions 1914  1st Bavarian Reserve Division part of 1st Bavarian Reserve Corps and 6th German Army

                    1914 Lorraine.

                    The Bavarian Reserve Division(1st Bavarian Reserve Corps, with the 5th Bavarian Reserve Division) was at the beginning of the war part of the 6th Army (Prince Rupprecht of Bavaria), and detrained in Lorraine August 13-14. After having helped to check the French offensive in Lorraine, participated in the battle of August 20, entered Luneville, and after having fought at Einville, early in September, it went to rest in the vicinity of the Paris-Avricourt railroad, and later marched to Metz by stages.

                    Arras.

                    On September 27-28 the division entrained at Metz and was carried to Cambrai. Entering the line between Douai and Arras, it fought at Izel, Gavrelle, Rouvroy (Oct.2-3). On the 5th its right wing was at Souchez, the whole 1st Bavarian Reserve Corps being then in line north of Arras. October 23 the two divisions of the corps attacked violently along the Carency-Roclincourt front; they remained in the line until June, 1915, the lst Bavarian Division being between Roclincourt and Ecurie.

                    1st August 1914 Actions during 1914  1st Bavarian Landwehr Division part of 1st Bavarian Corps and 6th German Army

                    Lorraine 1914.

                    The origin of the 1st Bavarian Landwehr Division dates from the stabilization of the Lorraine front after the check of the Germans before Grand-Couronne in September, 1914. At the beginning of the war the different elements which were to enter into the composition of the division were employed in Lorraine in rear of the combatant troops. The 71st Landwehr Regiment came from the war garrison of Strasburg. These elements grouped in three brigades forming the 1st Bavarian Landwehr Division, were brought up to the front early in September and put into line in the Chateau-Salins sector (from Jallaucourt to the Rhine-Marne Canal).

                    1st August 1914 Actions 1914 to 1917  1st German Naval Division part of German Naval Corps and 4th German Army

                    1914-1917.

                    Belgium. At the beginning of the war the Field Army contained only one naval division. This division entered Belgium on September 4, 1914, detrained at Brussels and on the 6th September took up its position to the left of the corps which was besieging Antwerp. After the taking of the city on October 10 the division marched along the coast, arrived at a point between Ostend and Bruges on October 23rd and on November 2nd relieved the 4th Ersatz Division on the front of Nieuport St. Georges.

                    On the 24th November 1914, the Naval Corps was formed by adding a 2nd Naval Division to the 1st. After this time the Naval Corps occupied the sea front and the sector of the coast in occupied Flanders. The staffs of the 1st and 2nd Naval Divisions were permanently in command of this sector - the sea front (from Raversyde to the frontier of Zeeland as far as Maldegem was assigned to the 1st Naval Division; the front on land from the North Sea to Schoorbakke, 4 kilometers southeast Nieuport, to the 2nd Naval Division). The six regiments of Marine Fusiliers alternated between the two sectors, and consequently changed from one division to the other. In April 1917, the three naval infantry regiments were withdrawn from the 1st and 2nd Naval Divisions to organize a new Division, the 3rd Naval Division. These regiments had already formed a provisional division, from the end of September 1916 to January 1917, when they were engaged on the Somme. After fighting east of Ypres (August to November, 1917), the 3rd Naval Division came into line at Nieuport (Lombartzyde) to the right of the 2nd Naval Division in December.

                    Allied Intelligence - 1917 Value Estimate.

                    The Marine or Sailor Fusiliers, recruited at the beginning of the war from among the seamen or the population of the ports, had only a mediocre combat value at the time. Since 1917, in consequence of reinforcements taken from the land army and also in consequence of reducing the age of the effectives, the regiments of Naval Fusiliers seem to be of better quality. From a recruiting standpoint, they may be compared with the active divisions of the German Army.

                    1st August 1914 Actions during 1914  2nd German Guard Division part of Guard Corps and 2nd German Army

                    1914.

                    France. Entrained August 9 to 11 (notebooks). Detrained at Beutgenbach (12 kilos east of Malmedy). Entered Belgium August 14. Crossed the Meuse at Huy August 18. Crossed the Sambre at Auvelais (Aug. 22) on the right of the 1st Guard Division. Fought at Falisolle and Aisemont the 23rd; at Mettet the 24th. Fought on the 29th at Haution and Vallee-aux-Bleds; on the 30th at St. Pierre (west of Vervins), on the left of the 1st Guard Division. From there via Lugny, Boncourt, La Malmaison, Ville-aux-Bois, Sarcy, Epernay, Avize, Vertus; fought after September 6 at Ecury-le-Repos and Normee.

                    Retreated on the 9th at Vertus; 10th at Tauxieres; 11th at Thuizy. Was before Reims until September 30. In Artois in October (Bucquoy, Ivlonchy-aux-Bois, Adinfer), near the 1st Guard Division. Split up in November like the latter; sent one of its brigades, the 4th, in the region of Ypres (Gheluvelt) and remained there until the end of December.

                    1st August 1914 Actions during 1914  German 2nd Division part of 1st Army Corps and 8th Army

                    Divisional activity during 1914

                    The first and second divisions formed the 1st Army Corps.

                    Russia. At the beginning of the war the 2nd Division was sent to the Russian front. Up to the month of November it participated in the operations in Oriental Prussia (Tannenberg, Aug. 27-29). In November 1914, the 2nd Division, minus one brigade, which continued to hold its old sector, was withdrawn and included in the group which attacked in the direction of Lodz and operated between the Vistula and the Warta continuing its activities, it attempted to cross the Bzura-Rawka opposite Warsaw in the district of Lowicz.

                    1st August 1914 Actions 1914 to 1917  2nd Landwehr Division part of 5th German Army

                    (Thirteenth District-Wurttemberg.) 1914 Argonne. The 2nd Landwehr Division (Franke Division) forms a part of the Argonne group and has continuously occupied sectors of this district since September 1914. At the beginning of the campaign it comprised a Wurttemberg and a Bavarian brigade. Engaged at Etain August 24, 1914, it crossed the Meuse at Stenay on the 31st.

                    Beginning with September it occupied the line in the woods of Cheppy and Malancourt.

                    1915 Argonne.

                    Vauquois-bois de Malancourt sector. At the end of September 1915, portions of the division (one battalion of the 6th and one of the 7th Bavarian Landwehr) were assigned to service in the district of Massiges. They rejoined the Vauquois sector at the end of October.

                    1916 Argonne.

                    Vauquois-bois d'Avocourt and Malancourt sector. At the beginning of 1916 the 2nd Landwehr Division was reconstituted with exclusively Wurttemberg elements, including the 120th Landwehr, withdrawn from the Bavarian Ersatz Division, and the 122nd Landwehr, proceeding from the 1st Bavarian Landwehr Division. The 9th Bavarian brigade went over to the 1st Bavarian Landwehr Division.

                    1917 Argonne.

                    In the Cheppy-bois d'Avocourt wood sector. At the end of August 1917, the 2nd Landwehr Division changed places with the 2nd Bavarian Division and took the Nord Four sector of Paris-Bolante-Courte-Chausse.

                    Allied Intelligance 1917 Value Estimate.

                    Sector division. Did not leave Argonne from the beginning of the war. On several occasions it furnished young men to active and reserve Wurttemberg regiments, replacing them by older Landsturm men.

                    1st August 1914 Actions during 1914  2nd Bavarian Division part of 1st Bavarian Corps and German 6th Army

                    Divisional Actions during 1914

                    (First Bavarian District-Southwest of Bavaria, Bavarian Swabia.) 1914 Lorraine.

                    At the beginning of August the 2nd Bavarian Division which, with the 1st Bavarian Division, formed the 1st Bavarian Corps, was a part of the army of the Crown Prince of Bavaria (6th Army). The 3rd Brigade, covering troops, detrained at Reding near Saarburg, on the 3rd of August. On the 9th the division was at its full strength. It proceeded to the frontier, reached Badonviller and retired as far as Gosselming (west of Saarburg) by the 17th of August, gave battle there on the 20th, and recrossed the frontier. It advanced as far as Xaffevillers (Sep 7th), whence it retired to Itlorhange (Sep 10th). On September 15 the division entrained at Metz. It detrained near Namur, gained Peronne by stages, and was engaged at Foucaucourt by the 24th.

                    Somme.

                    Together with the 1st Bavarian Corps it was attached to the 2nd Army (Von Billow), operating on the Somme in the district of Peronne. It took part in the fiercely contested battles which took place there but a short time after the stabilization of the front and suffered serious losses. At the beginning of the campaign, October 30, the 12th Infantry had 50 officers and 1,910 men who were unable to take part in action.

                    The division was maintained in this district up to the month of October, 1914, first to the south of the Somme, later, at the beginning of November, 1914, between Dompierre and Maricourt.

                    5th August 1914 Early actions 1914  Bavarian Ersatz Division part of 7th Army

                    The Bavarian Ersatz Division consisted, at the outbreak of the war, of the three mixed Bavarian Ersatz brigades, Nos. 1, 5 and 9 (12 battalions), which detrained on the 17th-18th August 1914 in the region of Schelestadt. But afterwards this designation indicated a composite division (Benzin Division) formed from the 3rd Bavarian Reserve Brigade and the 59th Landwehr Brigade (28th Ersatz, Baden) and the 120th Landwehr Regiment (Wurttemberg).

                    Vosges.

                    The Benzin Division was first engaged in the Vosges (St. Marie Ridge, St. Die, Laveline) until September 1914. After a rest in the Valley of the Bruche, it entrained at the end of September for Mars-la-Tour and reinforced the 3rd Bavarian Corps in the St. Mihiel area.

                    5th August 1914 Early actions 1914  1st Guards Reserve Division part of 2nd German Army

                    Belgium 1914.

                    At the beginning of the war the 1st Guard Reserve Division together with the 3rd Guard Division forming the Guard Reserve Corps, swept into Belgium as part of the 2nd Army under von Buelow.

                    On the 16th of August it crossed the Meuse at Ardenne and pushed on as far as Namur by the 20th August. On the 29th the two divisions (Guard Reserve Corps) were brought back to Aix-la-Chapelle and left for East Prussia.

                    1st September 1914 Poland.

                    At the beginning of October the Guard Reserve Corps, attached to the Southern Army Group, took part in the invasion of the southern part of Poland. It fought at Opatow (4th Oct) and suffered severe losses at Lodz while retreating from the Russian armies.

                    During the winter of 1914-15 it fought on the Bzura.

                    24th September 1914 Race to the sea  1st Bavarian Division part of 1st Bavarian Corps and 2nd German Army.

                    Somme 1914.

                    In the last days of September, 1914, at the time of the "race to the sea," the two divisions of the 1st Bavarian Corps were in the 2nd Army (Von Buelow), which operated on the Somme in the Peronne region. They became heavily engaged notably at Combles (Oct. 24th) and at Maricourt (Dec. 17th). By the 4th November, the 1st Bavarian Regiment had had casualties of 63 officers and 2,090 men since the beginning of the war.

                    1st January 1915 Events in 1915  Bavarian Ersatz Division part of 7th Army

                    Woevre 1915.

                    The Benzino Division occupied the area east of St. Mihiel (Spada to Apremont) during the entire year 1915. In November it took the name of Bavarian Ersatz Division.

                    The division rested in Lorraine from December, 1915, to the end of February, 1916.

                    1st January 1915 1915 actions  1st Bavarian Division part of 1st Bavarian Corps and 2nd German Army.

                    1915.

                    Artois. The 1st Bavarian Division was kept in line on the Somme (Dompierre-Maricourt) until October, 1915. Its composition was changed - the Body Infantry Regiment went to the Alpine Corps and the 10th Infantry to the 10th Bavarian Division. In return, the 24th Infantry (a new formation) was received.

                    The division was taken to the region north of Arras (Neuville-Souchez sector), where it remained for almost seven months (October 1915 - May 1916).

                    1st February 1915 Actions during 1915  German 2nd Division part of 1st Army Corps and 8th Army

                    Divisional Activity in 1915

                    At the beginning of February 1915, it reappeared in Oriental Prussia and participated in the offensive which ejected the Russians from this Province. It was engaged in its entirety in the district of Lyck and marched upon Augustowo and Grodno.

                    The Russian counter attack launched in the vicinity of Prasnysz toward the end of March drew the 2nd Division to this sector.

                    In July during the development of the Hindenburg offensive, it emerged from the Ostrolenka-Pultusk line and proceeded in a northerly direction.

                    Upon the stabilization of the front the 2nd Division held a sector between Illukst and Lake Drisviaty (Dwinsk District).

                    1st April 1915 Actions 1915 to 1916  2nd Bavarian Division part of 1st Bavarian Corps and German 6th Army

                    1915 Artois.

                    In April 1915, the division was reduced to three regiments through the cession of the 3rd Infantry to the 11th Bavarian Division. Between the l0th and 15th of October 1915, the 2nd Bavarian Division was placed on the Artois front in the Neuville-Souchez sector.

                    About the 20th of December it was in the line at Bailleul-Sire-Berthoult between the western part of the Lille road and the Arras road. It remained there until the beginning of May 1916.

                    1916 Verdun.

                    At this date it was relieved and transported to Verdun. It participated in the violent battles which took place there in May and June in the vicinity of Douaumont and suffered serious losses (50 per cent of its personnel). It was reconstituted in June in the district of Merke-Romagne-sur-les-Cotes (reinforcement of from 50 to 100 men per company), and went back to the line near Thiaumont. It suffered serious losses in the attack of June 23 (the companies of the 12th Bavarian Regiment were reduced to about 40 men).

                    Lorraine.

                    The 2nd Bavarian Division was withdrawn from this zone of combat about the 15th of July and was sent to the Apremont-St. Mihiel sector, where it was reconstituted. It received numerous reinforcements(convalescents and class of 16 men). During this period, which extends up to October 15th, it did not take part in any serious operation.

                    Somme.

                    At the end of October it was transported to the Somme (Sailly-Saillisel sector), where it was again put to a severe test. After staying a month in the Somme district it reoccupied the lines in the St. Mihiel sector at the beginning of December.

                    1st January 1916 1916 Actions  1st Bavarian Division part of 1st Bavarian Corps and 2nd German Army.

                    1916.

                    Verdun.

                    About May 1916, the division was relieved to the west of Vimy and sent to the Verdun front, where it took part in the battles near Douaumont (May 23) and in those of June 1st and 8th. Re-formed in the Romagne sous les Cotes area, it re-entered line about June 22nd for new attacks. During this offensive the division suffered severely. It was relieved at the beginning of July. After a short rest behind the Verdun front the division reoccupied the Apremout - St. Mihiel sector, remaining there until October 11th, when it was reconstituted, receiving large reinforcements (recuperates and men of the 1916 class).

                    Somme.

                    Taken to the Caudry sector (near Cambrai), it was engaged on the Somme (Sailly-Saillisel, Morval) from October 13th to the end of November, where its losses were once again exceedingly heavy. The division reappeared in the region of St. Mihiel (Bois d'Ailly - Foret d'Apremont sector) at the beginning of December, and remained there until the early days of May, 1917.

                    1st January 1916 Actions in 1916  1st Bavarian Reserve Division part of 1st Bavarian Reserve Corps and 6th German Army

                    1916.

                    The division remained in line east of Arras, straddling the Scarpe until August 1916. From May to August, it comprised the 12th Bavarian Reserve Regiment, instead of the 3rd Bavarian Reserve Regiment, loaned temporarily by the 5th Bavarian Reserve Division.

                    Somme.

                    Withdrawn on August 8th, it went to the Somme. It was engaged on the 12th in the Clery sector, and was relieved as early as the 15th by the 1st Guard Division after having suffered heavily. The second fortnight in August the division was at rest near Cambrai. The end of that month and early in September, some elements of the division were engaged near Clery and Martinpuich in order to facilitate reliefs.

                    Aisne.

                    About the middle of September the 1st Bavarian Reserve Corps was withdrawn from the region of the Somme and sent to the Aisne, where the 1st Bavarian Reserve Division occupied a sector to the west of Craonne until the beginning of December. Brought back north of the Somme, it sent some elements into line in the Beaumont-Hamel sector (north of the Ancre, December 1916 - January 1917).

                    1st February 1916 Events in 1916  Bavarian Ersatz Division part of 7th Army

                    At the beginning of February, 1916, the 120th Landwehr Regiment was replaced by a Prussian Regiment, the 81st Landwehr.

                    Woevre 1916. 1. On February 28, 1916, the Bavarian Ersatz Division took over the sector of Fresnes-en-Woevre-Ronvaux. It remained there until the end of October, 1916.

                    On the 17th October 1916, the 4th Bavarian Reserve Regiment left the division temporarily to go to Galicia, to the 199th Division, and came back in November 1916.

                    Somme 1916.

                    From October 25th to November 15th, the Bavarian Ersatz Division took part in the battle of the Somme east of Gueudecourt, with the exception of the 81st Landwehr, which was definitely detached from the division.

                    Transferred to the Aisne, the Division went into line in the vicinity of Craonne at the end of November.

                    1st March 1916 Further moves  1st German Division part of 1st Army Corps 10th and 8th Army

                    1916

                    France.

                    The division went to France in March 1916. The 41st Infantry Regiment detrained on the 13th March near Metz and the 48th Infantry Regiment at Hagondange on the 5th March 1916.

                    Verdun.

                    The division was put into the line near Vaux on the 20th April 1916, fought in the Bois de la Caillette in May, in the Bois de Vaux Chapitre and the Bois Fumin in June and July. It suffered enormous losses there. In the 1st Company of the 41st Infantry Regiment, the numbers on the pay books passed from 1,359 (10th Apr) to 1,674 (19th July), indicating the arrival of at least 316 reinforcements. From the beginning of the war until July, 1916, the regiment had received an average of 1,360 men per company.

                    Russia.

                    At the end of July, 1916, the 1st Division, leaving behind the 41st Infantry Regiment, which fought before Verdun in August, was once more taken to the eastern front, where it formed part of the Carpathian Corps.



                    1st May 1915 Actions during 1915  1st Bavarian Reserve Division part of 1st Bavarian Reserve Corps and 6th German Army

                    1915.

                    Neuville - St. Vaast.

                    In May, 1915, the 1st Bavarian Reserve Division was engaged at Neuville-St. Vaast, when it was reinforced by two battalions of the 99th Reserve Infantry Regiment. The 2nd Bavarian Reserve Regiment suffered casualties of 14 officers and 1,413 men.

                    Le Labyrinthe.

                    In June the division fought at the Labyrinth. It continued to hold the sector north of the Scarpe, but moved toward the south in December, the front of the 1st Bavarian Reserve Corps extending as far as Blaireville.

                    1st July 1916 Actions during 1916  German 2nd Division part of 1st Army Corps and 8th Army

                    Divisional Actions during 1916

                    At the end of July 1916, portions of the 2nd Division were assigned to duty in Galicia to oppose the Russian advance.

                    1st January 1917 Events in 1917  Bavarian Ersatz Division part of 7th Army

                    Aisne 1917.

                    On the Aisne front, east of Craonne, the Bavarian Ersatz Division received the French offensive of April, and its conduct gained the order "Pour le Merite" for its general. Relieved at the end of April, it occupied a sector in the Apremont Wood from the middle of May to the end of August.

                    Ypres 1917.

                    On the 1st September it was in Belgium, where it was engaged on both sides of the Ypres-Henn road until September 25. The 3rd Battalion of the 4th Bavarian Reserve Regiment was almost destroyed on the 20th September 1917.

                    Galicia 1917.

                    At the beginning of October the division was transferred to the eastern front and sent into line southeast of Tarnopol in December. At the end of autumn 1917, the 28th Ersatz Regiment (Baden) was withdrawn from the division and replaced by the 18th Bavarian Reserve. The division was then entirely Bavarian.

                    Recruiting.

                    The Bavarian Ersatz Division is recruited from the 1st and 2nd Bavarian Corps districts.

                    Allied Intelligence Value - 1917 Estimate.

                    The Bavarian Ersatz Division is classed as a very mediocre division.

                    1st January 1917 1917 Actions  1st Bavarian Division part of 1st Bavarian Corps and 2nd German Army.

                    1917.

                    Plateau du Californie.

                    Entrained about May 7th at Vigneulles, it proceeded to the Laon region, where it was in reserve (May 8-12th). The following day it took over the sector west of Hurtebise, where it participated in several attacks (May 20th - June 17th), losing heavily therein. The division was relieved June 21st and went to rest south of Mezieres (La Francheville, etc.), where it was reconstituted.

                    Champagne.

                    On July 25th it went back into the line on the Champagne front. (sector south of Ste. Marie a Py). It did not take part in any important engagements there. The division was withdrawn on the 27th December 1917.

                    Allied Intelligence Value Estimate

                    The division was recruited in the southern part of Bavaria. The presence of contingents from the Bavarian Alps was responsible for the withdrawal of the Body Regiment to form the Alpine Corps. Despite the losses it suffered during May and June in the Hurtebise sector, the 1st Bavarian Division may still be considered a good division. It has had time to reconstitute itself during the long calm period spent in Champagne (July 25th to Dec. 27,1917).

                    1st January 1917 Actions in 1917 and 1918  1st Bavarian Reserve Division part of 1st Bavarian Reserve Corps and 6th German Army

                    1917.

                    Artois.

                    After sometime at rest, the division went back into line February 27 to the north of Arras (Roclincourt-Neuville-St. Vaast). On April 9th, it received the full shock of the British attack, lost the villages of Thelus and Bailleul together with 1,500 prisoners.

                    Regrettably the pages for the remainder of 1917 and 1918 are missing from our main source.

                    Summary

                    The 1st Bavarian Reserve Division (1. Bayerische Reserve-Division) was a unit of the Royal Bavarian Army, part of the German Army, in World War I. The division was formed on mobilization of the German Army in August 1914 as part of I Royal Bavarian Reserve Corps. The division was disbanded in 1919 during the demobilization of the German Army after World War I. The division was raised and recruited in Bavaria. As a reserve division, it included a large number of recalled reservists and war volunteers.

                    The 1st Bavarian Reserve Division fought in the opening phases of the war in the Battle of the Frontiers. It then participated in the Race to the Sea, including the Battle of Arras in October 1914. It remained in the trench lines in Flanders until 1916, when it entered the Battle of the Somme in August 1916. In late 1917, it participated in the Battle of Passchendaele. In 1918, the division fought in the Battle of the Lys. The division ended the war still fighting in the Lys region.

                    Allied intelligence rated the division as a good division in 1917, but third class in 1918.

                    1st January 1917 Actions during 1917  German 2nd Division part of 1st Army Corps and 8th Army

                    Divisional Actions during 1917

                    The reconstituted 2nd Division was engaged in the Mitau sector up to the end of January 1917. All its units were identified in the vicinity of Kalnzen. On February 8th it entrained at Mitau for the western front. (Itinerary: Chavli, Kovno, Insterburg, Konigsberg, Stettin, Hamburg, Munster, Aix-la-Chapelle, Liege, Louvain, Bruxelles, Audenarde.)

                    Belgium.

                    Detrained on February 13th and remained at rest up to the end of March. It received reinforcements of various classes of men (wounded, convalescents and class 1917 reservists). The division occupied the Wytschaete sector from the 25th of March to the beginning of June. (On April 15th and May 10th and 15th it received the first reinforcements from the class of 1918, the last having had only three months instruction. In all, 4,460 men between 1st January 1 and 1st June). On the 7th June, it left 2,825 men in the hands of British troops. On June 10th the 2nd Division retired from the Belgian front. It was placed at rest in the district of Audenarde in June and then entrained for the eastern front(end of June).

                    Russia.

                    It arrived in Russia at the beginning of July and was put at rest in the district of Vilna. On July 14th it was identified in the Illukst District.

                    France.

                    It returned to France on the 25th of November. It entrained on this date at Kovno and was transported over the following itinerary: Insterburg, Thorn, Posen, Frankfort-sur-Oder, Berlin, Paderborn, Crefeld, Aix-la-Chapelle, Liege, Namur and Vouziers (Nov. 30).

                    On December 27th it relieved the 1st Bavarian Division in the Souain-Somme-Py sector.

                    Allied Intelligence 1917 Value Estimate.

                    Except during the period March-June 1917, when the 2nd Division was fighting in Belgium, it continuously occupied the Russian front from the beginning of the war till December, 1917.

                    1st January 1917 Actions 1917 to 1918  2nd Bavarian Landwehr Division part of 8th Army. Later part of 66th Corps(zbV) and 19th Army (zbV = zur besonderen Vervendung) (for special use)

                    Divisional Actions and review.

                    The 2nd Bavarian Landwehr Division was formed in Lorraine at the end of December 1916 and the beginning of January 1917. Two of its regiments, the 5th Bavarian Landwehr and the 10th Bavarian Landwehr, were assigned respectively to the 1st Bavarian Landwehr Division and the 33rd Reserve Division at that time on the Lorraine front. The 2nd Bavarian Landwehr was ceded by the 6th Bavarian Landwehr Division, which held a Vosges sector.

                    Russia.

                    As soon as it was constituted the 2nd Bavarian Landwehr Division was transported to the Eastern front via Frankfort and Leipzig.

                    Courlande.

                    Directed to Courlande and attached to the 8th Army it entered the line in the vicinity of Friedrichstadt (middle of January, 1917) and remained in this district up till February, 1918. In September it participated in the operations against Riga. In December a number of men were detached in order to reinforce the 10th Bavarian Division.

                    1917 Allied Intelligence Value Estimate.

                    It remained on the Russian front from the time of its formation (January, 1917). It held the calm sector of Courlande in 1917; it occupied Livonia in 1918 (May). Men under 35 years of age were withdrawn from the 5th Bavarian Landwehr in December 1917. It is rated as a 4th class division.

                    The 2nd Bavarian Landwehr Division initially served on the Eastern Front, entering the line in the Baltic region near Riga. In September 1917, it participated in the Battle of Riga. The division then remained on the line on the Duna River until the armistice on the Eastern Front in December 1917. For most of 1918, it served in Livonia and Estonia as part of the German occupation forces. In October 1918, it was transferred to the Western Front, and occupied a portion of the trench line in Lorraine until the end of World War I. Allied intelligence rated the division as fourth class.

                    1st May 1917 Actions during 1917  2nd Bavarian Division part of 1st Bavarian Corps and German 6th Army

                    Divisional Actions during 1917

                    1917. Californie Plateau.

                    The 2nd Bavarian Division was withdrawn from the St. Mihiel sector between the 2nd and 5th of May 1917 and entrained at Mars-la-Tour on the 6th, whence it was transported via Conflans to Montcornet, where, during the night of the 8th, it gained the sector situated to the east of Hurtebise.

                    From the 9th onward the 2nd Bavarian Division engaged some of its elements on the salient northeast of Californie Plateau (May 9th and 10th).

                    The division occupied this sector up to the end of May and participated in serious engagements notably those of the 13th and 22nd of May to the northwest of the plateau. It was put to a very severe test. (The 9th Company of the 20th Battalion was reduced to 45 men.)

                    Argonne.

                    The 2nd Bavarian Division was relieved at the beginning of June and sent to rest for 15 days at Camp Sissonne. Later it was transported to the Argonne, where it occupied the Grande Courte-Chausse sector. During this rest it received two reinforcements of 700 to 800 men on the 28th June and 300 men in July.

                    At the end of August it changed sectors and went into the line toward Bois d'Avocourt (Bois de Cheppy).

                    Meuse.

                    The division was withdrawn from this sector at the end of October and remained in repose in the vicinity of Stenay up to the middle of November, whence it was directed to the sector west of the Bois-le-Chaume. The 12th Bavarian Regiment, which had been sent in reserve to the southeast of Altkirch about the 10th of November to ward off an expected French attack in Alsace, rejoined the division on the 6th December.

                    The 2nd Bavarian Division remained in this sector (southeast of Beaumont) up to January 1918 and then went to rest in the district of Longwy.

                    Allied Intelligence 1917 Value Estimate.

                    The 2nd Bavarian Division participated on the 9th and 10th of May 1917 in violent but unsuccessful counterattacks on the salient northeast of the Californie Plateau. It appears that the Bavarians were always placed in the most dangerous positions and that they were sacrificed by the Prussians. In spite of this condition the 2nd Bavarian Division still showed itself as a good division (July, 1917).

                    28th Aug 1917 Move to Eastern Front  Guard Ersatz Division part of German 6th Army

                    Riga 1917. The Division was taken to Chavli (Aug. 28), then to the Gross-Ekkau region. It entered the Front Line in the Uxkuell region and participated in the Riga offensive, entering Riga on the 3rd/4th September 1917.



                    1st January 1918 Events in 1918  Bavarian Ersatz Division part of 7th Army

                    Verdun 1918.

                    The division held the quiet Verdun sector until July 12, when it was relieved by the 231st Division.

                    Vesle 1918.

                    It was moved to the Vesle front and on July 25 relieved the 40th Division near Oulchy-le-Chateau. It remained in this sector until the 12th August, when it was withdrawn and sent to rest in the vicinity of Meubeuge.

                    Champagne 1918.

                    On the 1st September it proceeded to Mauchault and during the first days of September relieved the 88th Division in the line near Perthes. It was in the fighting between September 23 and October 3 in Champagne, losing about 2,000 men in that engagement.

                    The division was so reduced in strength that it was dissolved shortly after its retirement from line in October.

                    The 13th Bavarian Reserve Regiment was dissolved and the men drafted to the 15th Bavarian Division.

                    The 15th Bavarian Reserve Regiment was also dissolved.

                    Allied Intelligence Value - 1918 Estimate.

                    The division was rated as third class. It was used only in defensive sectors during 1918.

                    1st January 1918 1918 Actions  1st Bavarian Division part of 1st Bavarian Corps and 2nd German Army.

                    1918.

                    Argonne.

                    Withdrawn from the line, the Division was put through a course of training. It relieved the 80th Reserve Division north of Vauquois on February 17th. It was relieved by the 80th Reserve Division about the 1st of March.

                    St. Quentin.

                    On the opening day of the March offensive the division reinforced the front south of St. Quentin. It was withdrawn the next day. On March 23rd it came back into line north of Chauny. It was withdrawn about the 30th.

                    Lassigny.

                    On April 6th, it relieved the 3rd Bavarian Division west of Lassigny. It was in turn relieved by the 3rd Bavarian Division on the 12th.

                    Champagne.

                    Having suffered a great deal in the fighting on the Somme, the division was taken to a quiet sector in Champagne, relieving the 52nd Reserve Division on May 1st, north of Souain. About June 30th, it was relieved by the 30th Division. It reinforced the front near Souain on July 15th. It was withdrawn about the 31st.

                    Soissons.

                    The division entered the line northeast of Soissons on August 11th.

                    Noyon.

                    It was relieved by the Jaeger Division about August 19th and moved to the west, taking over the Cuts sector, southeast of Noyon on August 20th and was withdrawn on the 22nd.

                    Coucy le Chateau.

                    On the 31st August the division was identified at Folembray, northwest of Coucy-le-Chateau and was withdrawn about September 12th.

                    Champagne.

                    On about the 27th September it took of over the Maure sector, southeast of Vouziers, where it remained, fighting, until the signing of the armistice.

                    Allied Intelligence 1918 Value Estimate.

                    The 1st Bavarian is rated as a first-class assault division and it was utilized as such throughout 1918. It fought well and its losses were severe.

                    1st January 1918 Actions during 1918  2nd German Cavalry Division part of 2nd Cavalry Corps which preceded 1st and 2nd German Armies.

                    Divisional Actions during 1918 (Report pages from 1914 to 1917 missing)

                    The division was in the Stochod sector until February 28, when it advanced through Kiev and Kharkov to Rostov, where it was on August 4. At this date the division occupied the area between Kharkov and Rostov. The troops were frequently attacked by armed bands or by mobs. In this way they suffered some heavy losses. The German cruiser Goeben, which had been supporting them, was damaged by fire and had to put into Constantinople. Nothing was known of the divisions movements after August, 1918.

                    Allied Intelligence 1918 Value Estimate.

                    The division was considered as 4th class.



                    1st January 1918 Actions during 1918  German 2nd Division part of 1st Army Corps and 8th Army

                    Divisional Actions during 1918.

                    Champagne.

                    The 2nd Division remained in line in the Souaine-Somme-Py region until relieved by the 87th Division about April 2nd. It went back to the Army depot at Semide, where it stayed about a week drilling and maneuvering. On April 10th, it entrained at Machault and went via Rethel, Liart, Marle, then detrained at La Ferte-Chevresis, encamping in the vicinity. It traveled by St. Simon (Apr. 11), Ham, Solente (5 km. east of Roye), and Laboissiere, where it stayed until April 30th.

                    Montdidier.

                    On May 1st the division relieved the 51st Reserve Division at Monchel, south of Montdidier until relieved on the 31st August.

                    St. Quentin.

                    The division was identified in line near Essigny-le-Grand, south of St. Quentin on September 5th. It was relieved about the 15th by the extension of the fronts of the neighboring divisions. During the night of September 20-21 it went back into line north of St. Quentin, in the Bellenglise sector. It was withdrawn about the 10th. The division rested for a fortnight in the Avesnes area, then came into the line on October 24th, relieving the 19th Reserve Division east of Ribeinont (southeast of St. Quentin). It was withdrawn from line early in November and did not return.

                    1918 Allied Intelligence Value Estimate.

                    The 2nd is rated as a third-class division. It was used in a great deal of heavy fighting and suffered severe losses (July 23 it lost 54 officers and 1,800 men in prisoners alone) west of the Avre; the 9th and 10th of August it lost 443 prisoners; in its engagements between August and October it lost over 1,500 prisoners). Nevertheless, it was never used as an attacking division, but confined itself to holding the sectors allotted it; on account of its weakened condition and lowered morale (there are several cases of insubordination on record), it did not acquit itself any too well.

                    1st January 1918 Actions during 1918  2nd Landwehr Division part of 5th German Army

                    1918 Argonne.

                    The division remained in line in the Apremont sector, engaging in but little activity until the American attack of September 26th. From that time on until it was withdrawn, October 25th, it fought a great deal.

                    Allied Intelligence 1918 Value Estimate.

                    Most of the young men of the division were taken from it to be sent to other organizations early in the year. On October 12th the corps commander telegraphed the King of Wurttemberg (the 2nd Landwehr Division comes from Wurttemberg): The 2nd Landwehr Division has particularly distinguished itself by its bravery and intrepidity during the last combats in the Argonne and has thus contributed toward the failure of the enemy's attempt to break through. It was badly used on the opening day of the American attack, but it fought hard. It loaned companies to various other divisions, including the 1st and 5th Guard Divisions and for days at a time these Landwehr troops were making the greatest resistance in the Aire Valley. While the division lost only 795 prisoners during the offensive, its total losses undoubtedly are above 5,000, there being evidence to show that many companies did not have more than 25 men, there being only three companies per battalion and, in at least one case, only two battalions in the regiment. It is rated as a fourth-class division.

                    1st January 1918 Actions during 1918  2nd Bavarian Division part of 1st Bavarian Corps and German 6th Army

                    Divisional Actions during 1918.

                    1918 Meuse.

                    The division remained in line north of the Bois des Fosses until relieved by the 19th Reserve Division on January 14th. It went then to the Longwy region, where it was put through a stiff course of training in open warfare.

                    Amiens.

                    On the 23rd March it entrained at Audun-le-Roman, and traveled via Longwy-Sedan-Charleville-Hirson-Anor-Avesnes-Le Cateau-Bertry-Caudry to Cambrai, where it detrained March 24-25. At first the division marched in the direction of Bapaumes, but was diverted in a southerly direction on the way and passed through Le Transloy-Sailly-Saillisel-Peronne-Villers-Carbonnel-Estrees-Foucaucourt and billeted at Beaucourt-en-Santerre on the night of March 30-31. On April 2nd it attacked at Morisel and two days later to the southwest of Morisel. It fought then until the 15th, when it side-slipped to the north, relieving the 54th Division, its place being taken by the 15th Division. It was relieved about May 4th by the 21st Division.

                    It moved to the area southeast of Ghent, and there was reconstituted and trained. On June 2nd, it relieved the 14th Bavarian Division in the Morisel sector. It was relieved in the middle of the month by the extension of fronts of the neighboring divisions.

                    Champagne.

                    It rested in the rear of the front in Champagne for about a month and then entered line in the Navarin sector (north of Souain), being identified by prisoners on the 15th July. It was withdrawn on the 20th July.

                    Vesle.

                    On the 4th August the division relieved the 22nd Division at Jonchery (on the Vesle, east of Fismes). It remained in line, taking part in the general retirement, until the armistice.

                    Allied Intelligence 1918 Value Estimate.

                    The 2nd Bavarian is one of the very best German shock divisions. It was called upon to do a great deal of heavy fighting, and always acquitted itself well. It suffered severe losses in consequence, but these were made good as long as the German High Command had replacements at its disposal.

                    1st May 1918 Actions during 1918  1st German Naval Division part of German Naval Corps and 4th German Army

                    1918.

                    The division was out of the front line in 1918 until the 1st May. From that date until the 4th November it held the extreme right of the German line.

                    Allied Intelligence 1918 Value Estimate.

                    The division was rated as fourth class. Until the last month of the war its front was quiet.

                    9th Oct 1918 Final Actions in 1918  Jäger Division part of 54th Corps z.b.V German Second Army. are engaged in fighting in and around the Hermannstellung from 9th to 21st of October.

                    After the Armistice (1100 on the 11th November 1918) the Division began the clearance of occupied areas and the march home to Berlin where it was disbanded on the 18th December 1918.

                    If you can provide any additional information, please add it here.



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