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Gordon Highlanders




Want to know more about Gordon Highlanders ?


There are:41580 pages and articles tagged Gordon Highlanders available in our Library


Those known to have served with

Gordon Highlanders

during the Great War 1914-1918.

  • Alderman Percy Robert. Pte. 51st Btn.
  • Alexander Edward Lyon. Pte. 5th Battalion (Buchan & Formartin),D Company
  • Angus Henry. Pte. 1st/7th Btn. (d.13th June 1916)
  • Barr David. 2nd Lt. 12th Btn
  • Blackmore Arthur James Cyril. Pte 1st/6th (d.29th May 1915)
  • Booth Cecil Richard. 2nd Lt. 1st Battalion, A Company. (d.21st March 1916)
  • Brooke James Anson Otho. Capt. 2nd Btn. (d.29th Oct 1914)
  • Bruce John Robert. Capt. 2nd Btn.
  • Bruce Robert. Pte. 1st Btn.
  • Burgess Joseph. Pte. 10th Btn. (d.26th Sep 1915)
  • Burgess Robert. Pte. 7th Btn. (d.23rd April 1917)
  • Campbell John. Pte. 2nd Btn. (d.16th May 1915)
  • Carnegie James. Pte. 1st Battalion (d.26th Sept 1917)
  • Carrick John. Pte. 1st Btn. (d.9th April 1917)
  • Cassie Omond Stewart. Pte. 1st Btn. (d.13th May 1917)
  • Cassie William. Pte. (d.13th November 1916)
  • Cleary Peter Flemming. Pte. Highland Light Infantry
  • Coles Herbert Thorwald. 2/Lt.
  • Coles John Godfrey. 2/Lt.
  • Cowie Walter James. Pte. 1st Bat. B Co. (d.23rd Aug 1916)
  • Craigmile Francis. Sgt. 4th Btn.
  • Craigmile James. Sgt. 4th Btn.
  • Craik William. Pte 2nd (d.13th Mar 1915)
  • Davion Henry. WO1 (RSM) 2nd Battalion
  • Dawson William. Pte. 10th Btn. (d.8th Apr 1917)
  • Dooner Patrick. L/Cpl
  • Duguid Peter. L/Cpl. 8/10th Btn.
  • Duncan J. Cpl. 1st Btn., Attchd. 40th Trench Mortar Bty. (d.13th Sep 1915)
  • Easton William. Pte. 8th/10th Btn. (d.4th Jul 1916)
  • Finlayson Robert Watson Golan. Pte. 1st Btn (d.29th Aug 1918)
  • Forbes Alexander W.. Sgt. 1st Btn.
  • Forbes-Sempill Robert Abercromby. Lt. 5th Battalion (d.2nd Jun 1915)
  • Gillespie Peter. L/Cpl. 9th Service Battalion (d.24th March 1918)
  • Gordon Albert. Pte. 1/4th Btn. (d.10th Aug 1915)
  • Gove Andrew. Pte. 7th. Bn "C" Coy. (d.14th Nov 1916)
  • Grant Alexander John. Pte. 6th Btn. B Company
  • Grant Charles. Pte. 1st/4th Btn. (d.5th June 1916)
  • Grant Francis Morrison. Pte. 1st Btn. (d.22nd April 1915)
  • Hardie George. Pte. 1st Battalion (d.14th Dec 1914)
  • Hart David Hynd. Sgt. 1st Btn. (d.2nd Mar 1916)
  • Haxton John. Pte. 6/7th Btn. (d.13th Oct 1918)
  • Hay William. Sgt. 1st Btn. (d.14th Dec 1914)
  • Henderson John. Pte. 1st/4th Btn. (d.19th July 1918)
  • Heron George. CCpl. 2/5th Battallion (d.20 November 1917)
  • Heron Lewis. Pte. 4th Btn.
  • Heywood John Charles. Pte. 9th (Pioneers) Btn. G Coy. (d.26th Sep 1915)
  • Hines John Cecil Newhall. CSM. 10th Btn.
  • Jackson Joseph. Pte. 6th Btn.
  • Johnstone Barclay. Pte. 9th Btn. (d.21st Mar 1918)
  • Jones Stanley. Pte. 1st Btn.
  • Kay Elias James. Pte. 9th (Pioneers) Battalion
  • Kelly Terence O'Neil William. 2nd Lt. 4th Btn. (d.23rd April 1917)
  • MacDonald . Pte.
  • Main Alexander. Pte. 6th Btn. (d.23rd November 1916)
  • Manson Magnus. Pte. 1st Battalion (d.18th Aug 1916)
  • Martin Edward. Pte. 2nd Battalion (d.29th Mar 17)
  • McDonald John Christopher. L/Cpl (d.24th Feb 1919)
  • McIntyre Sinclair. Pte. 9th Battalion (d.29th June 1917)
  • McKnight William. Sgt. 1st Btn. (d.22nd July 1915)
  • McLauchlan James Smith. Pte. 44th MGC (d.18th Aug 1916)
  • Mcleod James Goodall. Sgt. 5th Btn.
  • McMeeking Robert. 1st Btn.
  • McNeil William McPherson Reid. Pte. 8/10th Battalion (d.9th Sep 1916)
  • McNeill John. Cpl. 2nd Btn (d.4th Oct 1917)
  • McQuillian Peter B.. Cpl. 2nd Btn.
  • McRae James. Pte. 5th Btn. (d.2nd Dec 1916)
  • Michie Joseph. Pte. 7th Battalion (d.1st June 1917)
  • Moore Percy Frank. Pte. 1st Btn.
  • Morrison Alexander. Pte. 6th Btn. (d.4th June 1915)
  • Murray Francis. Pte. 9th Btn. (d.1st Oct 1916)
  • Murray James. Pte. 8th Btn.
  • Parkinson J.. Pte. 1st Btn. B Company
  • Paterson John. Pte 10th Battalion (d.25th Sep 1915)
  • Pitblado Edward Stevenson. Pte. 7th Battalion (d.26th Aug 1917)
  • Radcliffe William. Pte. 1st Btn. (d.23rd September 1917)
  • Richmond Malcolm R.. Pte. 1/6th Btn. (d.26th May 1918)
  • Robertson David. Pte.
  • Robertson James Simpson. Sgt. 2nd Btn.
  • Robertson Robert. Pte. 9th Btn. (d.27th September 1915)
  • Robertson Thomas Paterson. Pte 9th Btn (d.23rd May 1916)
  • Rogers John. Lt. (d.13th June 1918)
  • Ross James Milne. Sgt. 6th Btn.
  • Ryrie David Ross. Pte. 9th Btn. (d.28th Aug 1916)
  • Scott James. Lt. 6th Btn. (d.25th Sept 1915)
  • Scott Joseph McKnight. Private 6th Battalion (d.9th Apr 1917)
  • Slorach James. Pte. 1st/4th Battalion
  • Smith Albert Duncan. Pte. 8th/10th Btn. (d.1st August 1917)
  • Smith James. Pte. 9th Btn. (d.29th Aug 1916)
  • Smith Leonard Francis. 1st/6th Bn. (d.12th Apr 1917)
  • Stephens George. (d.28th Mar 1918)
  • Stevenson William. Sgt. 1st Btn (d.2nd Mar 1916)
  • Taylor Peter. Pte. 6th Btn. (d.3rd March 1917)
  • Ward Thomas. Pte. 8th/10th Btn. (d.16th Oct 1917)
  • Webster Alexander. L/Cpl. (d.24th July 1916)
  • Westhorp Robert. Pte. 9th Battalion (d.29th August 1916)
  • Wightman Archie. Pte. 9th Battalion (d.28th June 1917)
  • Wright William. L/Cpl. 2nd Battalion (d.26th Oct 1917)
  • Young Thomas.

All names on this list have been submitted by relatives, friends, neighbours and others who wish to remember them, if you have any names to add or any recollections or photos of those listed, please Add a Name to this List



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Feb 2018

    Please note we currently have a backlog of submitted material, our volunteers are working through this as quickly as possible and all names, stories and photos will be added to the site. If you have already submitted a story to the site and your UID reference number is higher than 239080 your submission is still in the queue, please do not resubmit without contacting us first.

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1206644

Sgt. William "Willie" Stevenson 1st Btn Gordon Highlanders (d.2nd Mar 1916)

My grandfather, William Stevenson was born in Middlesbrough. He joined the Police Force in 1907. He and my grandmother were married in 1910 and lived in South Hetton, Durham. They had three children, the eldest being my mother. William travelled to Sunderland where he enlisted on 22nd March 1915; he resigned from the Police the following day. His war records, though badly burnt, have provided a few details.

He embarked at Southampton 29th April that year and joined the Battalion on 1st May. He was promoted to Corporal then Sergeant in September, 1915. He went on leave to the UK from 2nd to 10th January, 1916.

According to a war diary on the Gordon Highlanders website an assault began in the Reninghelst area at 4.30am on 2nd March, 1916. Witnesses, L/C Hughes and Pte Ledlingham, told of my grandfather being wounded in a Bombing Post which was subsequently blown up. About a week later, while trench clearing, his body was found and reburied.

My grandmother was awarded a pension of 21/6d per week for herself and the three children with effect from 25th September, 1916. My grandfather's body was found again and reburied in trenches south of Verbrande Molen. However, it wasn't until some time between 1924 and 1928 that his body was discovered once more and identified by a ring he was wearing. He was finally laid to rest in Sanctuary Wood Cemetery. I have visited his grave a number of times and plan to go there once more for the Armistice Centenary in November.

Patricia Galley




1206203

Pte. John Henderson 1st/4th Btn. Gordon Highlanders (d.19th July 1918)

John Henderson was killed in action on the 19thof July 1918, aged 34. Buried in the Marfaux British Cemetery in France, he was the husband of Betsy Henderson and father of Janet Henderson, 2 Fleuchar Street, Dundee, Scotland. In 1915, John enlisted in the Highland Cyclist Battalion and was later transferred to the Gordons. He had been in France for 10 months.

s flynn




1206111

Pte. Edward Stevenson Pitblado 7th Battalion Gordon Highlanders (d.26th Aug 1917)

Edward Stevenson Pitbladdo 7th Battalion Gordon Highlanders died on 27th August 1917 Aged 39. He was the husband of Mary Jane Sandison Pitblado of 45 Sandport Street Leith. His name is inscribed on the Tyne Cot Memorial in Belgium.





1206074

Pte. Robert Watson Golan Finlayson 1st Btn Gordon Highlanders (d.29th Aug 1918)

Robert Finlayson joined on his 18th birthday in October 1917. He was sent to France in June 1918, was wounded August 27th and died two days later. He was the son of John and Catherine Finlayson, 5 Shore Street, Cromarty. His occupation, upon enlistment, is shown as Rivet Boy. He is buried in the Ligny-sur-Canche cemetery in France.

Sister Kathleen Flower who tended Robert prior to his death and wrote letter to his relatives.





1206057

Pte. William Easton 8th/10th Btn. Gordon Highlanders (d.4th Jul 1916)

William Easton died on the 4th of July 1916, aged 20. He is buried in the Etaples Military Cemetery in France, son of Henry and Mary Easton, of 91, Albert Buildings, Burnbank, Hamilton, Lanarkshire.

s flynn




1206051

CSM. John Cecil Newhall Hines MC DCM MM. 10th Btn. Gordon Highlanders

John Hines served with the 10th Battalion, Gordon Highlanders during WW1.

David Collin




1205977

Pte. Edward Martin 2nd Battalion Gordon Highlanders (d.29th Mar 17)

This young soldier, resplendent in the smart uniform of the illustrious Gordon Highlanders, is my great uncle, Private Edward Martin, a working lad from Longton, Staffordshire. At the age of just 19 he died on the killing fields near Arras, on the 29th March 1917.

After 97 years, I was the first in his family to be able to see where he lies. I travelled in the anniversary year of 2014 to pay my respects on behalf of us all, and to say Thank You on behalf of the nation. How blind we are to our great good fortune, in living our lives in this country and in these times.

Julia Callaghan




1205895

Pte. Charles Grant 1st/4th Btn. Gordon Highlanders (d.5th June 1916)

Charles Grant was killed in action on the 5th of June 1916, aged 25. Buried in Aubigny Communal Cemetery Extension in France, he was the son of John and Mary Grant, of 62 Gordon St., Aberdeen.

s flynn




1205813

Capt. John Robert Bruce 2nd Btn. Gordon Highlanders

Captain John R Bruce served in the Second Battalion, Gordon Highlanders during WW1.

Sue Horn




1205803

Capt. James Anson Otho Brooke VC. 2nd Btn. Gordon Highlanders (d.29th Oct 1914)

James Brooke was killed in action on 29th of October 1914, aged 30 and isburied in the Zandvoorde British Cemetery in Belgium. He was the son of Sir Harry Vesey Brooke, K.B.E., and Lady Brooke, of Fairley, Countesswells, Aberdeenshire. Awarded the Sword of Honour at Sandhurst.

An extract from The London Gazette, dated 16th Feb., 1915, records the following:- "For conspicuous bravery and great ability near Gheluvelt on the 29th October, in leading two attacks on the German trenches under heavy rifle and machine-gun fire, regaining a lost trench at a very critical moment. He was killed on that day. By his marked coolness and promptitude on this occasion Lieutenant Brooke prevented the enemy from breaking through our line, at a time when a general counter-attack could not have been organised."

s flynn




500684

Pte. Stanley Jones 1st Btn. Gordon Highlanders

My husband's father Stanley Jones was born in the parish of Mynyddislwyn, Monmouthshire, Wales, in 1895. Stanley travelled all the way to Perth to join the Gordon Highlanders on 4th August, 1914. Unfortunately his records were lost in the "burnt papers" but we have pieced together his records as far as we can. Stanley was in the Battle of Loos, September 1915 - 13 months in line. Battle of the Somme July 1916 - 7 months in the line. Battle of Arras April 1917v- 5 months in the line - Battle of Paschendele October 4th - November 27th 1917. Stanley was shot and gassed in 1917 and he was sent home to Perth in Scotland then to the hospital in Cardiff.

Recently going through his papers we found a faded photograph of a Gordon Highlander, on the back is written James Carnegie (Barry Carnoustie). This gentleman appeared to have been a great friend of his. Researching on the internet we have found that a James Carnegie S/17411 lst Btn. Gordon Highlanders died at the age of 22 on 26th September, 1917 and is remembered with honour on the Tyne Cot Memorial. Stanley was in the lst Btn Gordon Highlanders (service number S/6402) so we think we have found the young James Carnegie in the picture lovingly kept by Stanley in his precious papers of the Great War.

If anyone of James's family would like to get in touch we would be so happy to hear from them.

Irene Jones




238679

Pte. John Campbell 2nd Btn. Border Regiment (d.16th May 1915)

John Campbell was one of 11 siblings and was born in Liverpool. At the time of his death, his parents Mary and Henry Campbell lived at 48 Sterne Street in Liverpool, but the family had at some point in the past lived briefly in Bolton, Lancashire.

John originally served in the Wiltshire Regiment for about 11 years before coming back to civilian life just prior to the First World War, and rejoined the Army as part of a draught in the second Border Regiment around March 1915 and by May 1915 he was with his unit at Festubert and was part of an attack on the 16th May in which he was killed in action. He is commemorated on the wall at Le Touret Military Cemetery as his body was never found and he has no known grave.

Ian Campbell




238672

Pte. John Haxton 6/7th Btn. Gordon Highlanders (d.13th Oct 1918)

John Haxton's parents were John Haxton and Margaret Heggie of Markinch, Fifeshire, Scotland. John was my grandmother's brother, and was aged 35 when he died on 13th October 1918. He was killed in action in France during WW1 and is buried in Avesnes-le-Sec Communal Cemetery. I am still researching the details, eg where he was killed, whether he left a wife and family etc. He was in 7th Battalion Gordon Highlanders, which amalgamated with 1/6th Battalion to form the 6/7th Battalion on 6th October 1918.

S Jones




238622

Pte. Percy Frank Moore 1st Btn. Gordon Highlanders

Percy Moore enlisted on 2nd February 1910 at Aberdeen. He stated his place of birth as Aberdeen, probably in the hope it would sound more desirable for the Gordon Highlanders than his actual birth place of Guernsey. His age on enlistment was 19 years and 5 months, his service numbers were 405, and later as a reservist 2865163 - which he was from 11th April 1921 to 7th April 1926.

Percy was taken a Prisoner of War. He was captured near the village of Bertry south of Le Cateau, France on 26th of August 1914. Sadly, my Grandfather talked very little about his experiences, in fact my mother says it was a taboo subject all of her childhood. She was amazed to find that he talked a little more openly to his grandchildren, my brother and I during the 1960/70s.

All that I remember him saying was that if it wasn't for a shrapnel wound to his leg he would have managed to escape the Germans. By the accounts above some soldiers did make it out of the conflict at Le Cateau. Cruelty - I remember so clearly that when I was about 7-8 ish my grandfather told my brother and I about the time he nearly lost an eye. "A German soldier was bullying us British and he took a particular dislike to me, he followed me and when I entered a room on my own he came at me with a pen-knife and said he was going to remove my eye with it. I believed him and was very frightened! Luckily for me and just in the nick of time a higher ranking soldier came in and stopped him." There is probably so much more to this story, but as with many of my fellow genealogists I just wish I'd asked the right questions and recorded the stories at the time, but in fairness I was only 7 years old at the time.

Another anecdote Percy told was that he was imprisoned with the entertainer Maurice Chevalier. All these years later I am able to verify that Maurice was indeed imprisoned in WW1, and in two of the same camps as Percy. How well he knew him I cannot be sure, but my mother was sure that he shared quarters with him.

Percy worked as a personal butler for Rupert Keppel after the war. My mother told me that they met whilst imprisoned, and remained in contact on their repatriation. In what capacity a bond developed - a friendship, or in service I cannot be sure, but they were both taken prisoner a day apart Landrecies and Le Chateau. I suspect their association started shortly after capture. Records suggest that prisoners of officer ranks were held in different camps to other ranks and it is difficult to decipher from the Red Cross records whether they were in the same camps at the same time, thus placing them together during their internment. A bond between them certainly did occur, because Percy worked for Rupert Keppel as soon as he got married and came back from Switzerland. I assume his employment terminated soon after the annulment of Keppel's marriage in 1921. My Grandfather was very respectful of Hon. Rupert Keppel and later named his son Derek in his honour.

From all that I have read, it would seem that Percy would have been sick or injured to be transferred to Switzerland. I know that he received a leg injury during the retreat of the Battle at Le Cateau, but I always assumed he recovered from that quite well - he never limped or used a walking stick in later life. Infectious disease were rife in the camps, and by 1918 Percy had had three and half years of internment so it would be no wonder that he was susceptible to some infection - a lung problem perhaps, or malnutrition. Whatever it was there is no mention of it in his postcards to Hilda, and in general afterwards. I have also learned that it became every prisoners' goal to get to a neutral country. All manner of bribery and trickery was employed (understandably) to get the authority to be moved.

Another reason to be moved was if the Rt. Hon R Keppel was moved to Switzerland and he persuaded the authorities to let him take Percy too as a valet, I have read that other officers did this - just my theory. I always assumed from what my mother told me that they were together in Leysin, but I have not found any evidence to this end. Further research revealed mention that prisoners in Germany of four years or more could apply to be transferred to Switzerland, so maybe that was reason enough!

At present I don't know where Percy returned too in December 1918. Newspapers in Aberdeen listed returning soldiers and their names, but his is not on those lists.

He would have no reason to want to return to Scotland because his parents were now living in Whittlesea, Cambridgeshire, and Hilda would be living with his sister Lily in Coventry. He may have been received back to Barracks in Colchester, Plymouth or Aldershot. Whether or not he was then confined as he puts it in one of his cards I'm not sure, but I should imagine he would have wanted to get straight to see Hilda for her birthday on 15th December. In any case, it couldn't have been long because they were married in Whittlesea, Cambridgeshire on 1st January 1919.

Carole Chiverton




238316

L/Cpl. William Wright 2nd Battalion Gordon Highlanders (d.26th Oct 1917)

William Wright enlisted in Edinburgh in April or May 1916 and following basic training joined the 2nd Battalion in France in the autumn of 1916. He was in the offensive against the Hidenburg Line on 7th May 1917 at Bullecourt.

William fought in the Third Battle of Ypres (Passchendaele) which started on 31st July 1917, the Battalion was not involved until the attack on Broodseinde Ridge on 4th October in conjunction with Australian forces. Advancing under artillery barrage the Battalion soon achieved its objectives but in turn came under intense German shellfire during the next three days that it occupied the captured positions and suffered correspondingly heavy casualties. A further adverse factor during this time was the terrible weather especially the rain which made movement off the duck boards all but impossible and conditions almost unbearable with the resulting mud causing death to both men and pack animals.

After a few days rest the Battalion was tasked to take part in the capture of the ruined village of Gheluvelt where it had experienced terrific fighting years earlier. In short, the attack, on 26th October was stopped in its tracks by intense artillery and machine gun fire but most of all by the mud which clogged or jammed most of the men's weapons.

The Regimental War Diary for that day recorded 73 killed in action; 480 wounded; and 117 missing. However, subsequent research has shown that the fatalities, including those who subsequently died of their wounds shortly thereafter, amounted to 203 which included practically all of those originally recorded as missing in action.

William was recorded as missing in action and his body was never recovered. He was awarded the Victory Medal and the British War Medal for his services and his parents received the Memorial Plaque (Dead Man's Penny) and commemorative scroll which went to all families of men who died in the war. William is commemorated on the Tyne Cot Memorial.

Jon Bond




237674

Pte. William McPherson Reid McNeil 8/10th Battalion Gordon Highlanders (d.9th Sep 1916)

William McNeil enlisted on the 3rd of November 1914, and was assigned to the 8th Battalion, Gordon Highlanders. He was killed on 9th of September 1916 in Bazentin le Petit. He is buried in Flatiron Copse Cemetery in Mametz, France.

Roderick McLellan




237312

2nd Lt. Terence O'Neil William Kelly 4th Btn. Gordon Highlanders (d.23rd April 1917)

Terence Kelly was born on 20th of August 1893, in Quetta, Balochistan, Pakistan, the only son of William and Ellen Mary. He married Vaurie Ross (Vaevria) Fraser in 1912 in Old Machar, Aberdeenshire. They had one child during their short marriage, Terence who was born 28th August 1917, four months after his father's death in France on 2nd of May 1917, at the age of 23. He was a 2nd Lieutenant with the 4th Battalion Gordon Highlanders, and his wounds were sustained in action on 23rd April. Prior to enlisting he was a mining engineer in South Africa.

Peter Wright




236956

WO1 (RSM) Henry Davion MC MM 2nd Battalion Scots Guards

My grandfather, Henry Davison, served in WW1 as did his 3 brothers, William, Alfred George and Frank. Henry enlisted into 2nd Battalion Scots Guards in 1905 and completed various courses including a Physical Training course from which he was attached to the Lincolnshire Regiment as a PT Instructor (L/Sgt).

He returned to the Guards before leaving UK for France in June 1915. He fought at the Battle of Loos winning the Military Medal. Very soon after this he took over as RSM of this battalion. In the New Year honours list he was awarded the Military Cross.

On 17th January 1917 he took over as RSM of 6/7th Battalion Gordon Highlanders. He continued to serve with the Gordons eventually serving as depot RSM from where he retired in 1926 and returned to Faversham.

Whilst researching our family history I noted that he had been married and divorced in August 1918. Whilst going through his regiments war record it states that in August 1918 the 'RSM on leave'.

After the war ended he took over as RSM of 2nd Battalion Gordons and was based in Glasgow where he married my grandmother whose husband had been KIA whilst serving with the Argyles. It was after this that he was posted to the depot who were based in Aberdeen and this is where my father was born. After he retired the family moved back to Faversham. During the 2nd WW he was the Chief Air Raid warden in Faversham.

He passed away in September 1953 just as I was starting school, my other grandfather passed away on Boxing day the same year.

Ian Davison




236204

Pte. Robert Bruce 1st Btn. Gordon Highlanders

My great uncle Robert Bruce served in WW1. He was a prisoner of war for two and a half years. I don't have much more information on this but I do have his letters from the War office.

Jackie Dixon




235178

Pte. John Charles Heywood 9th (Pioneers) Btn. G Coy. Gordon Highlanders (d.26th Sep 1915)

John Charles Heywood's Battalion, the 9th Pioneer Gordon Highlanders, assisted the Cameron Highlanders in capturing Hill 70 on 26th September before having to withdraw under great pressure. The Hun used artillery fire and JC's body was never found. RIP

Denis Haslam




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History of the 51st (Highland) Division 1914-1918

F.W. Bewsher


The Highland Division was one of the pre-war Territorial divisions. Its HQ was in Perth with brigade HQs in Aberdeen, Inverness and Stirling. On mobilization the division moved down to its war station in Bedford where it remained, carrying out training till embarking for France in May 1915. During this period six of its battalions were sent to France, three in November 1914 and three in the following March, replaced by two Highland battalions and a brigade of four Lancashire battalions; it is not clear whether the latter were required to wear kilts. They were transferred to the 55th (West Lancashire) Division when that division reformed in France in January 1916 and were replaced, appropriately, by Scottish battalions. It was in May 1915, just as the division arrived in France, that it was designated 51st and the brigades 152nd, 153rd and 154th; by the end of the war the 51st (Highland) Division had become one of the best known divisions in the BEF.




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