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USS President Lincoln in the Great War - The Wartime Memories Project -

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USS President Lincoln



 American Troopship  

USS President Lincoln

USS President Lincoln was a troop transport in the United States Navy during World War I.

Formerly the German steamer President Lincoln of the Hamburg-American Line, was built by Harland and Wolff, Belfast, in 1907. It was seized in New York harbour in 1917, turned over to the Shipping Board, and transferred to the Navy for operation as a troop transport.

Having been damaged severely by her German crew, President Lincoln underwent extensive repairs and conversion at Robin's Dry Dock and Repair Company, Brooklyn, New York. The ship commissioned as a Navy troop transport at Brooklyn on the 25 July 1917, Commander Yates Sterling, Jr., in command.

President Lincoln made five voyages from New York to France, transporting approximately 23,000 American troops which she disembarked at Brest, France and St. Nazaire. Four cycles were completed without incident: October-November 1917, December 1917-January 1918, February-March, and March-May. She sailed from New York on her fifth and final trip to Europe on 10th May 1918. Arriving at Brest on the 23rd, she disembarked troops, and — escorted by destroyers — got underway on the 29th with troopships Rijndam, Susquehanna and Antigone for the return voyage to the U.S. At sundown on the 30th May 1918, having passed through the so-called "danger zone" of submarine activity, the destroyers left the convoy to proceed alone. At about 09:00 on the 31st May 1918, President Lincoln was struck by three torpedoes from the German submarine U-90, and sank about 20 minutes later. Of the 715 people aboard, 26 men were lost with the ship, and a Lieutenant Edward Isaacs was taken aboard U–90 as prisoner. Survivors were rescued from lifeboats late that night by destroyers Warrington and Smith. They were taken to France, arriving at Brest on the 2nd June 1918.

John Doran


2nd August 1917 U-Boat Index - WW1  SM U-90

Type U 87 Shipyard Kaiserliche Werft, Danzig (Werk 34) Ordered 23 Jun 1915 Laid down 29 Dec 1915 Launched 12 Jan 1917 Commissioned 2 Aug 1917

Commanders.
2 Aug 1917 - 31 Jul 1918 Walter Remy.
1 Aug 1918 - 31 Aug 1918 Oblt. Helmut Patzig.
1 Sep 1918 - 11 Nov 1918 Heinrich Jeß

Career 7 patrols.
10 Sep 1917 - 11 Nov 1918 III Flotilla

Successes 30 ships sunk with a total of 74,175 tons.
2 ships damaged with a total of 8,594 tons.

  • 25 Sep 1917 U 90 Walter Remy Union Republicaine 44 fr
  • 27 Sep 1917 U 90 Walter Remy Deux Jeannes 50 fr
  • 27 Sep 1917 U 90 Walter Remy Liberte 49 fr
  • 27 Sep 1917 U 90 Walter Remy Peuples Freres 41 fr
  • 30 Sep 1917 U 90 Walter Remy Drake 2,267 br
  • 30 Sep 1917 U 90 Walter Remy Heron 885 br
  • 1 Oct 1917 U 90 Walter Remy Neuilly 2,186 fr
  • 3 Oct 1917 U 90 Walter Remy Jeannette 226 fr
  • 20 Nov 1917 U 90 Walter Remy Robert Morris 146 br
  • 21 Nov 1917 U 90 Walter Remy Aros Castle 4,460 br
  • 22 Jan 1918 U 90 Walter Remy Corton (damaged) 3,405 br
  • 22 Jan 1918 U 90 Walter Remy Victor De Chavarri 2,957 sp
  • 24 Jan 1918 U 90 Walter Remy Charles 78 br
  • 25 Jan 1918 U 90 Walter Remy Normandy 618 br
  • 26 Jan 1918 U 90 Walter Remy Union 677 fr
  • 30 Jan 1918 U 90 Walter Remy Lindeskov 1,254 da
  • 31 Jan 1918 U 90 Walter Remy Martin Gust 248 ru
  • 1 Feb 1918 U 90 Walter Remy Arrino 4,484 br
  • 16 Mar 1918 U 90 Walter Remy Oilfield 4,000 br
  • 28 Mar 1918 U 90 Walter Remy City Of Winchester 114 br
  • 8 Apr 1918 U 90 Walter Remy Superb 489 nw
  • 29 May 1918 U 90 Walter Remy Begum 4,646 br
  • 29 May 1918 U 90 Walter Remy Carlton 5,265 br
  • 31 May 1918 U 90 Walter Remy President Lincoln 18,168 am
  • 15 Aug 1918 U 90 Helmut Patzig Montanan 6,659 am
  • 15 Aug 1918 U 90 Helmut Patzig J. M. J. 54 fr
  • 16 Aug 1918 U 90 Helmut Patzig West Bridge (d.) 5,189 am
  • 17 Aug 1918 U 90 Helmut Patzig Escrick 4,151 br
  • 17 Aug 1918 U 90 Helmut Patzig Joseph Cudahy 3,302 am
  • 24 Aug 1918 U 90 Helmut Patzig Graciosa 2,276 pt
  • 14 Oct 1918 U 90 Heinrich Jeß Dundalk 794 br
  • 16 Oct 1918 U 90 Heinrich Jeß Pentwyn 3,587 br

Fate 20 Nov 1918 - Surrendered. Broken up at Bo'ness in 1919-20.

There was another U 90 in World War Two.
That boat was launched from its shipyard on 25 Oct 1941 and commissioned into the Kriegsmarine on 20 Dec 1941.

John Doran


31st May 1918 USS President Lincoln sunk  The USS President Lincoln, the largest U.S. Naval vessel to be lost during the First World War, was torpedoed by the German submarine U-90, at about 9am, twenty minutes later she sank beneath the waves with the loss of twenty-six lives. Once the submarine had left the area, the lifeboats and rafts were lashed together to minimize the chances of further loss of life. During the night the destroyers USS Warrington and USS Smith arrived and took everyone on board, a considerable crowd for two ships of such modest size. Whilst en-route back to France, they encountered U-90 and attacked her with depth charges, but caused no damage. The survivors of USS President Lincoln arrived back at Brest on the 2nd of June.

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