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German Army Corps 1st



 Corps structure  1st German Army Corps part of 8th Army - Eastern Front

Divisions

  • 1st Infantry Division
  • 2nd Infantry Division


 Divisional Structure 1914  1st German Division part of 1st Army Corps and 8th Army

Divisional Order of Battle 1914

Infantry Brigades

  • 1st Infantry Brigade
    • 1st Grenadiers Regiment
    • 41st Regiment
  • 2nd Infantry Brigade
    • 3rd Grenadiers Regiment
    • 43rd Regiment

Cavalry

8th Uhlan Regiment

Artillery

1st Artillery Brigade

  • 16th Field Artillery Regiment
  • 52nd Field Artillery Regiment



 Divisional Structure 1915  1st German Division part of 1st Army Corps and 9th Army of the North

Divisional Order of Battle 1915

Infantry Brigades

  • 1st Infantry Brigade
    • 1st Grenadiers Regiment
    • 41st Regiment
  • 2nd Infantry Brigade
    • 3rd Grenadiers Regiment
    • 43rd Regiment

Cavalry

8th Uhlan Regiment

Artillery

1st Artillery Brigade

  • 16th Field Artillery Regiment
  • 52nd Field Artillery Regiment

Engineers and Liaison

  • 1st Engineers Battalion (1st Command District)
  • 1st Pioneers Field Company
  • 1st Pontoon Engineers
  • 1st Telephone Detachment



 Divisional Structure 1916  1st German Division part of 1st Army Corps and 10th Army of the South

Divisional Order of Battle 1916

Infantry Brigades

  • 1st Infantry Brigade
    • 1st Grenadiers Regiment
    • 41st Regiment
  • 2nd Infantry Brigade
    • 3rd Grenadiers Regiment
    • 43rd Regiment

Cavalry

8th Uhlan Regiment

Artillery

1st Artillery Brigade

  • 16th Field Artillery Regiment
  • 52nd Field Artillery Regiment

Engineers and Liaison

  • 1st Engineers Battalion (1st Command District)
  • 1st Pioneers 3rd Field Company
  • 1st Pontoon Engineers
  • 1st Telephone Detachment
  • 1st Trench Mortar Company
  • 271st Pioneer Company

Attached 100th Labour Battalion



 Divisional Structure 1917  1st German Division part of 1st Army Corps and 8th Army

Divisional Order of Battle 1917

Infantry Brigades

  • 1st Infantry Brigade
    • 1st Grenadiers Regiment
    • 3rd Grenadiers Regiment
    • 43rd Regiment

Cavalry

3rd Squadron 8th Uhlan Regiment

Artillery

1st Artillery Command (z)

  • 16th Field Artillery Regiment
  • 52nd Field Artillery Regiment

Engineers and Liaison

  • 112th Engineers Battalion
  • 1st Pioneers 3rd Field Company (z)
  • 1st Telephone Detachment
  • 1st Trench Mortar Company
  • 271st Pioneer Company
  • 305th Searchlight Section
  • 311th Searchlight Section
  • 312th Searchlight Section
  • 392nd Searchlight Section

Medical and Veterinary

  • 4th Ambulance Company
  • Field Hospital
  • 1st Veterinary Hospital

Transport

534th Motor Transport Column

Attached units

  • 66th Machine Gun Sharpshooting Detachment
  • 54th Light Machine Gun Section
  • 55th Light Machine Gun Section
  • 56th Light Machine Gun Section
  • 57th Light Machine Gun Section



 Divisional Structure 1918  1st German Division part of 1st Army Corps and 8th Army

Divisional Order of Battle 1918

Infantry Brigades

  • 1st Infantry Brigade
    • 1st Grenadiers Regiment
    • 3rd Grenadiers Regiment
    • 43rd Regiment

Cavalry

3rd Squadron 8th Uhlan Regiment

Artillery

1st Artillery Command

  • 16th Field Artillery Regiment
  • 10th Field Artillery Regiment - 1st Abteilung (Staff, 1, 3 and 4 Batteries)
  • 1083 Light Ammunition Column
  • 1095 Light Ammunition Column
  • 1096 Light Ammunition Column

Engineers and Liaison

  • 110th Pioneer Battalion
  • 1st Pioneers 3rd Field Company (z)
  • 1st Trench Mortar Company
  • 271st Pioneer Company
  • 108th Searchlight Section
  • 1st Signal Command
  • 1st Telephone Detachment
  • 43rd Wireless Detachment

Medical and Veterinary

  • 4th Ambulance Company
  • 13th Field Hospital
  • 16th Field Hospital
  • 1st Veterinary Hospital

Transport

534th Motor Transport Column



 Divisional Structure 1914  2nd German Division part of 1st Army Corps and 8th Army

Divisional Structure in 1914

Infantry

  • 3rd Infantry Brigade
    • 4th Grenadier Regiment
    • 44th Infantry Regiment
  • 4th Infantry Brigade
    • 33rd Fusilier Regiment
    • 45th Infantry Regiment

Cavalry

10th Horse Jäger Regiment

Artillery

2nd Artillery Brigade

  • 1st Field Artillery Regiment
  • 37th Field Artillery Regiment



 Divisional Structure 1915  German 2nd Division part of 1st Army Corps and 8th Army

Divisional Structure in 1915

Infantry

  • 3rd Infantry Brigade
    • 4th Grenadier Regiment
    • 44th Infantry Regiment
  • 4th Infantry Brigade
    • 33rd Fusilier Regiment
    • 45th Infantry Regiment

Cavalry

10th Horse Jäger Regiment

Artillery

2nd Artillery Brigade

  • 1st Field Artillery Regiment
  • 37th Field Artillery Regiment

Engineers and Liaison

  • 1st Pioneer Battalion
  • 1st Field Company Pioneer Battalion
  • 2nd Pontoon Engineers
  • 2nd Telephone Detachment



 Divisional Structure 1916  German 2nd Division part of 1st Army Corps and 8th Army

Divisional Structure in 1916

Infantry

  • 3rd Infantry Brigade
    • 4th Grenadier Regiment
    • 44th Infantry Regiment
    • 33rd Fusilier Regiment
    • 3rd Landsturm Regiment

Cavalry

10th Horse Jäger Regiment

Artillery

2nd Artillery Brigade

  • 1st Field Artillery Regiment
  • 37th Field Artillery Regiment

Engineers and Liaison

  • 1st Pioneer Battalion
  • 2nd Field Company Pioneer Battalion
  • 2nd Trench Mortar Company
  • 2nd Pontoon Engineers
  • 2nd Telephone Detachment



 Divisional Structure 1916  German 2nd Division part of 1st Army Corps and 8th Army

Divisional Structure in 1917

Infantry

  • 3rd Infantry Brigade
    • 4th Grenadier Regiment
    • 44th Infantry Regiment
    • 33rd Fusilier Regiment

Cavalry

10th Horse Jäger Regiment, 2nd Squadron

Artillery

2nd Artillery Command

  • 1st Field Artillery Regiment

Engineers and Liaison

  • 1st Pioneer Battalion
  • 2nd Company Pioneer Battalion
  • 4th Company Pioneer Battalion
  • 2nd Trench Mortar Company
  • 2nd Searchlight Section
  • 2nd Telephone Detachment

Medical and Veterinary

  • 5th Ambulance Company
  • 11th Field Hospital
  • 12th Field Hospital
  • 195th Veterinary Hospital

Transport

535 Motor Transport Column

Attached

  • 150th Bavarian Anti-Aircraft Section
  • Cyclist Detachment - 2nd Landsturm Battalion.



 Divisional Structure 1918  German 2nd Division part of 1st Army Corps and 8th Army

Divisional Structure in 1918

Infantry

  • 3rd Infantry Brigade
    • 4th Grenadier Regiment
    • 44th Infantry Regiment
    • 33rd Fusilier Regiment

Cavalry

10th Horse Jäger Regiment, 2nd Squadron

Artillery

2nd Artillery Command

  • 1st Field Artillery Regiment
  • 4th Abteilung 6th Reserve Foot Artillery Regiment
  • 872 Light Ammunition Column
  • 1364 Light Ammunition Column
  • 1392 Light Ammunition Column

Engineers and Liaison

  • 1st Pioneer Battalion
  • 2nd Company Pioneer Battalion
  • 4th Company Pioneer Battalion
  • 2nd Trench Mortar Company
  • 4th Searchlight Section
  • 2nd Telephone Detachment
  • 159th Wireless Detachment

Medical and Veterinary

  • 5th Ambulance Company
  • 11th Field Hospital
  • 12th Field Hospital
  • 195th Veterinary Hospital

Transport

535 Motor Transport Column

Attached



1st August 1914 Early actions 1914  1st German Division part of 1st Army Corps and 8th Army then with 9th and 10th Armies

1914-1915

Along with the 2nd Division, the 1st Division formed the 1st Army Corps (Koenigsberg).

Russia

The 1st Army Corps was engaged on the Russian Front at the very beginning of the war.

Up until November, the 1st Division participated in the operations of East Prussia and notably in the battle of Tannenberg (Aug. 27-29).

In December the two division of the 1st Corps separated. The 2nd Division remained in the north and the 1st Division went to the 9th Army, from December, 1914, to January, 1915 (Bzura-Rawka), then to the Army of the South, operating in the Carpathians and on the Dniester, from February, 1915, to February, 1916.

1st August 1914 Actions during 1914  German 2nd Division part of 1st Army Corps and 8th Army

Divisional activity during 1914

The first and second divisions formed the 1st Army Corps.

Russia. At the beginning of the war the 2nd Division was sent to the Russian front. Up to the month of November it participated in the operations in Oriental Prussia (Tannenberg, Aug. 27-29). In November 1914, the 2nd Division, minus one brigade, which continued to hold its old sector, was withdrawn and included in the group which attacked in the direction of Lodz and operated between the Vistula and the Warta continuing its activities, it attempted to cross the Bzura-Rawka opposite Warsaw in the district of Lowicz.

1st February 1915 Actions during 1915  German 2nd Division part of 1st Army Corps and 8th Army

Divisional Activity in 1915

At the beginning of February 1915, it reappeared in Oriental Prussia and participated in the offensive which ejected the Russians from this Province. It was engaged in its entirety in the district of Lyck and marched upon Augustowo and Grodno.

The Russian counter attack launched in the vicinity of Prasnysz toward the end of March drew the 2nd Division to this sector.

In July during the development of the Hindenburg offensive, it emerged from the Ostrolenka-Pultusk line and proceeded in a northerly direction.

Upon the stabilization of the front the 2nd Division held a sector between Illukst and Lake Drisviaty (Dwinsk District).

1st March 1916 Further moves  1st German Division part of 1st Army Corps 10th and 8th Army

1916

France.

The division went to France in March 1916. The 41st Infantry Regiment detrained on the 13th March near Metz and the 48th Infantry Regiment at Hagondange on the 5th March 1916.

Verdun.

The division was put into the line near Vaux on the 20th April 1916, fought in the Bois de la Caillette in May, in the Bois de Vaux Chapitre and the Bois Fumin in June and July. It suffered enormous losses there. In the 1st Company of the 41st Infantry Regiment, the numbers on the pay books passed from 1,359 (10th Apr) to 1,674 (19th July), indicating the arrival of at least 316 reinforcements. From the beginning of the war until July, 1916, the regiment had received an average of 1,360 men per company.

Russia.

At the end of July, 1916, the 1st Division, leaving behind the 41st Infantry Regiment, which fought before Verdun in August, was once more taken to the eastern front, where it formed part of the Carpathian Corps.



1st July 1916 Actions during 1916  German 2nd Division part of 1st Army Corps and 8th Army

Divisional Actions during 1916

At the end of July 1916, portions of the 2nd Division were assigned to duty in Galicia to oppose the Russian advance.

1st January 1917 Actions during 1917  German 2nd Division part of 1st Army Corps and 8th Army

Divisional Actions during 1917

The reconstituted 2nd Division was engaged in the Mitau sector up to the end of January 1917. All its units were identified in the vicinity of Kalnzen. On February 8th it entrained at Mitau for the western front. (Itinerary: Chavli, Kovno, Insterburg, Konigsberg, Stettin, Hamburg, Munster, Aix-la-Chapelle, Liege, Louvain, Bruxelles, Audenarde.)

Belgium.

Detrained on February 13th and remained at rest up to the end of March. It received reinforcements of various classes of men (wounded, convalescents and class 1917 reservists). The division occupied the Wytschaete sector from the 25th of March to the beginning of June. (On April 15th and May 10th and 15th it received the first reinforcements from the class of 1918, the last having had only three months instruction. In all, 4,460 men between 1st January 1 and 1st June). On the 7th June, it left 2,825 men in the hands of British troops. On June 10th the 2nd Division retired from the Belgian front. It was placed at rest in the district of Audenarde in June and then entrained for the eastern front(end of June).

Russia.

It arrived in Russia at the beginning of July and was put at rest in the district of Vilna. On July 14th it was identified in the Illukst District.

France.

It returned to France on the 25th of November. It entrained on this date at Kovno and was transported over the following itinerary: Insterburg, Thorn, Posen, Frankfort-sur-Oder, Berlin, Paderborn, Crefeld, Aix-la-Chapelle, Liege, Namur and Vouziers (Nov. 30).

On December 27th it relieved the 1st Bavarian Division in the Souain-Somme-Py sector.

Allied Intelligence 1917 Value Estimate.

Except during the period March-June 1917, when the 2nd Division was fighting in Belgium, it continuously occupied the Russian front from the beginning of the war till December, 1917.

1st January 1918 Actions during 1918  German 2nd Division part of 1st Army Corps and 8th Army

Divisional Actions during 1918.

Champagne.

The 2nd Division remained in line in the Souaine-Somme-Py region until relieved by the 87th Division about April 2nd. It went back to the Army depot at Semide, where it stayed about a week drilling and maneuvering. On April 10th, it entrained at Machault and went via Rethel, Liart, Marle, then detrained at La Ferte-Chevresis, encamping in the vicinity. It traveled by St. Simon (Apr. 11), Ham, Solente (5 km. east of Roye), and Laboissiere, where it stayed until April 30th.

Montdidier.

On May 1st the division relieved the 51st Reserve Division at Monchel, south of Montdidier until relieved on the 31st August.

St. Quentin.

The division was identified in line near Essigny-le-Grand, south of St. Quentin on September 5th. It was relieved about the 15th by the extension of the fronts of the neighboring divisions. During the night of September 20-21 it went back into line north of St. Quentin, in the Bellenglise sector. It was withdrawn about the 10th. The division rested for a fortnight in the Avesnes area, then came into the line on October 24th, relieving the 19th Reserve Division east of Ribeinont (southeast of St. Quentin). It was withdrawn from line early in November and did not return.

1918 Allied Intelligence Value Estimate.

The 2nd is rated as a third-class division. It was used in a great deal of heavy fighting and suffered severe losses (July 23 it lost 54 officers and 1,800 men in prisoners alone) west of the Avre; the 9th and 10th of August it lost 443 prisoners; in its engagements between August and October it lost over 1,500 prisoners). Nevertheless, it was never used as an attacking division, but confined itself to holding the sectors allotted it; on account of its weakened condition and lowered morale (there are several cases of insubordination on record), it did not acquit itself any too well.

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German Army Corps 1st

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