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German Army 5th (formerly VII Army Inspectorate) in the Great War - The Wartime Memories Project -

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German Army 5th (formerly VII Army Inspectorate)



 German Army - ORBAT  5th Army was commanded by Generalmajor Wilhelm, Crown Prince of Germany.

V Corps (General der Infanterie Hermann von Strantz)

  • 9th Infantry Division
  • 10th Infantry Division

XIII (Royal Württemberg) Corps (General der Infanterie Max von Fabeck)

  • 26th Infantry Division
  • 27th Infantry Division

XVI Corps (General der Infanterie Bruno von Mudra)

  • 33rd Infantry Division
  • 34th Infantry Division

V Reserve Corps (General der Infanterie Erich von Gündell)

  • 9th Reserve Division
  • 10th Reserve Division

VI Reserve Corps (General der Infanterie Konrad von Goßler)

  • 11th Reserve Division
  • 12th Reserve Division
  • 13th Mixed Landwehr Brigade

2nd Landwehr Division(Senior Landwehr Commander 2)

  • 43rd Mixed Landwehr Brigade
  • 45th Mixed Landwehr Brigade
  • 53rd Mixed Landwehr Brigade
  • 9th Bavarian Mixed Landwehr Brigade
  • 13th Mixed Lanfwehr Brigade

Army Troops

  • 4 Mortar Battalions
  • 2 Pionier Regiments



 Corps structure  5th German Army Corps part of 5th Army

Divisions

  • 9th Infantry Division
  • 10th Infantry Division


 Corps structure  13th German Army Corps part of 5th Army

Divisions

  • 26th Infantry Division
  • 27th Infantry Division


 Corps structure  16th German Army Corps part of 5th Army

Divisions

  • 33rd Infantry Division
  • 34th Infantry Division


 Corps structure  5th German Army Reserve Corps part of 5th Army

Divisions

  • 9th Reserve Infantry Division
  • 10th Reserve Infantry Division


 Corps structure  6th German Army Reserve Corps part of 5th Army

Division

  • 11th Reserve Infantry Division
  • 12th Reserve Infantry Division


 Corps structure  4th German Cavalry Corps - preceding 4th and 5th Armies (General der Kavallerie Gustav Freiherr von Hollen)

Divisions

Each Cavalry Division consisted of 3 Brigades, each of 2 Cavalry Regiments (24 squadrons in total), 3 horse artillery batteries (of 4 guns each) and an MG detachment (with 6 Machine Guns).

  • 3rd Cavalry Division
  • 6th Cavalry Division



 Corps structure  18th Austro-Hungarian Army Corps part of 5th German Army

Divisions

  • 33rd Division
  • 32nd Division
  • 106th Austro-Hungarian Division (less elements)
  • 37th Division
  • 236th Division
  • 20th Division



 Corps structure  58th German Army Corps (zbV) part of 5th German Army

zbV (zur besonderen Vervendung) [for special use]

Divisions

  • 240th Division
  • 15th Bavarian Division
  • 52nd Division
  • 31st Division



 Divisional Structure 1914 and 1915  2nd Landwehr Division part of 5th German Army

Divisional Structure in 1914 and 1915

Infantry

  • 53 Mixed Landwehr Brigade
    • 124 Landwehr Regiment
    • 125 Landwehr Regiment
  • 9th Bavarian Mixed Landwehr Brigade
    • 6th Bavarian Landwehr Regiment
    • 7th Bavarian Landwehr Regiment

    Cavalry

    3rd Landwehr Squadron, 13th Cavalry District.

    Artillery

    1st Landwehr Battery, Landsturm Battalion (13th Cavalry District).



     Divisional Structure 1916  2nd Landwehr Division part of 5th German Army

    Divisional Structure in 1916

    Infantry

    • 53 Mixed Landwehr Brigade
      • 124 Landwehr Regiment
      • 125 Landwehr Regiment
      • 120 Landwehr Regiment
      • 122 Landwehr Regiment
      • 6th Reserve Jäger Battalion

      Cavalry

      • 3rd Landwehr Squadron, 13th Cavalry District.
      • 3rd Landsturm Squadron, 13th Cavalry District.

      Artillery

      2nd Landwehr Regiment.

      Engineers and Liaison

      • 6th Company, 13th Pioneers
      • 3rd Company, 18th Pioneers
      • 302nd Trench Mortar Company



       Divisional Structure 1917  2nd Landwehr Division part of 5th German Army

      Divisional Structure in 1917

      Infantry

      • 54 Landwehr Brigade
        • 120 Landwehr Regiment
        • 122 Landwehr Regiment
        • 125 Landwehr Regiment

      Cavalry

      • 3rd Landwehr Squadron, 13th Cavalry District.
      • 4th Squadron, 20th Uhlan Regiment.

      Artillery

      • 142nd Artillery Command
      • 2nd Landwehr Field Artillery Regiment

      Engineers and Liaisons

      • 402 Engineering Battalion
      • 1st Landwehr Company 13th Pioneers
      • 5th Landwehr Company 13th Pioneers
      • 302 Trench Mortar Company
      • 299 Searchlight Section
      • 502 Telephone Detachment

      Medical and Veterinary

      • 572 Ambulance Company
      • 254 Field Hospital
      • 25 Landwehr Field Hospital
      • 502 Veterinary Hospital

        Transport

        772 Motor Transport Column



         Divisional Structure 1918  2nd Landwehr Division part of 5th German Army

        Divisional Structure in 1918

        Infantry

        • 54 Landwehr Brigade
          • 120 Landwehr Regiment
          • 122 Landwehr Regiment
          • 125 Landwehr Regiment

        Cavalry

        • 3rd Landwehr Squadron, 13th Cavalry District.
        • 4th Squadron, 20th Uhlan Regiment.

        Artillery

        • 142nd Artillery Command
        • 2nd Landwehr Field Artillery Regiment

        Engineers and Liaisons

        • 402 Engineering Battalion
        • 1st Landwehr Company 13th Pioneers
        • 5th Landwehr Company 13th Pioneers
        • 302 Trench Mortar Company
        • 224 Searchlight Section
        • 502 Signal Command
        • 502 Telephone Detachment
        • 176 Wireless Detachment

        Medical and Veterinary

        • 572 Ambulance Company
        • 254 Field Hospital
        • 25 Landwehr Field Hospital
        • 502 Veterinary Hospital

        Transport

        772 Motor Transport Column



        1st August 1914 Actions 1914 to 1917  2nd Landwehr Division part of 5th German Army

        (Thirteenth District-Wurttemberg.) 1914 Argonne. The 2nd Landwehr Division (Franke Division) forms a part of the Argonne group and has continuously occupied sectors of this district since September 1914. At the beginning of the campaign it comprised a Wurttemberg and a Bavarian brigade. Engaged at Etain August 24, 1914, it crossed the Meuse at Stenay on the 31st.

        Beginning with September it occupied the line in the woods of Cheppy and Malancourt.

        1915 Argonne.

        Vauquois-bois de Malancourt sector. At the end of September 1915, portions of the division (one battalion of the 6th and one of the 7th Bavarian Landwehr) were assigned to service in the district of Massiges. They rejoined the Vauquois sector at the end of October.

        1916 Argonne.

        Vauquois-bois d'Avocourt and Malancourt sector. At the beginning of 1916 the 2nd Landwehr Division was reconstituted with exclusively Wurttemberg elements, including the 120th Landwehr, withdrawn from the Bavarian Ersatz Division, and the 122nd Landwehr, proceeding from the 1st Bavarian Landwehr Division. The 9th Bavarian brigade went over to the 1st Bavarian Landwehr Division.

        1917 Argonne.

        In the Cheppy-bois d'Avocourt wood sector. At the end of August 1917, the 2nd Landwehr Division changed places with the 2nd Bavarian Division and took the Nord Four sector of Paris-Bolante-Courte-Chausse.

        Allied Intelligance 1917 Value Estimate.

        Sector division. Did not leave Argonne from the beginning of the war. On several occasions it furnished young men to active and reserve Wurttemberg regiments, replacing them by older Landsturm men.

        1st January 1918 Actions during 1918  2nd Landwehr Division part of 5th German Army

        1918 Argonne.

        The division remained in line in the Apremont sector, engaging in but little activity until the American attack of September 26th. From that time on until it was withdrawn, October 25th, it fought a great deal.

        Allied Intelligence 1918 Value Estimate.

        Most of the young men of the division were taken from it to be sent to other organizations early in the year. On October 12th the corps commander telegraphed the King of Wurttemberg (the 2nd Landwehr Division comes from Wurttemberg): The 2nd Landwehr Division has particularly distinguished itself by its bravery and intrepidity during the last combats in the Argonne and has thus contributed toward the failure of the enemy's attempt to break through. It was badly used on the opening day of the American attack, but it fought hard. It loaned companies to various other divisions, including the 1st and 5th Guard Divisions and for days at a time these Landwehr troops were making the greatest resistance in the Aire Valley. While the division lost only 795 prisoners during the offensive, its total losses undoubtedly are above 5,000, there being evidence to show that many companies did not have more than 25 men, there being only three companies per battalion and, in at least one case, only two battalions in the regiment. It is rated as a fourth-class division.

        If you can provide any additional information, please add it here.



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German Army 5th (formerly VII Army Inspectorate)

during the Great War 1914-1918.

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