- Scots Guards during the Great War -
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Sep 1914 1st Scots Guards appoint photographer
14th Sep 1914 Casualties for Scots Guards The war diary of the 1st Scots Guards for this date states 'The Battalion moved at 5.30am via Moulins and Vendresse to a hill between that place and Troyon - 2 companies in Brigade reserve and 2 companies sent as artillery escort to Tour de Passy'. The casualties for this day is recorded as 3 officers and 16 men killed, 3 officers and 86 men wounded and 12 missing.
6th Oct 1914 7th Division Embark for Belgium
7th Oct 1914 7th Division land at Zeebrugge The 1st and 2nd Battalion Gordon Highlanders and the 2nd Scots Guards land at Zeebrugge as part of the 7th Division BEF.
11th Oct 1914 2nd Scots Guards on the March
12th Oct 1914 2nd Scots Guards on the March
19th Oct 1914 First Fatality
25th Oct 1914 Murder
22nd Dec 1914 Recovering at Home
31st Dec 1914 In Action
31st Dec 1914 Bombed Out
1st Jan 1915 In Action
1st Jan 1915 In Action
5th Jan 1915 In the Trenches
17th Jan 1915 Divine Service Held
21st Jan 1915 Relief
25th Jan 1915 In Action
26th Jan 1915 In the Trenches
10th Mar 1915 At the Ready
30th Mar 1915 Reliefs
16th Jun 1915 Into the Trenches
26th Jun 1915 Reorganisation
3rd Aug 1915 Bravery in the Trenches
5th Aug 1915 Horse Show
27th Sep 1915 1st Scots Guards Charge
27th Sep 1915 Through the Ruins
24th Dec 1915 Into the Trenches
25th Dec 1915 To Bury the Dead
26th Dec 1915 Conduct Questioned
27th Dec 1915 Notes Issued
28th Dec 1915 Christmas Dinner
29th Dec 1915 Poker
30th Dec 1915 Row Continues
31st Dec 1915 Courts Martial
1st Jan 1916 Stormy Day
2nd Jan 1916 Gas Plant Laid
3rd Jan 1916 Gas Removed
4th Jan 1916 Confined to Billet
5th Jan 1916 Evidence Heard
6th Jan 1916 Home on Leave
11th Jan 1916 Leave Over
12th Jan 1916 In Billets
13th Jan 1916 1st Scots Guards on the Move
15th Jan 1916 Route March & Football
17th Jan 1916 Courts Martial
19th Jan 1916 Football
21st Jan 1916 Parade
22nd Jan 1916 Parade
23rd Jan 1916 Bombing Practice
24th Jan 1916 Parade
12th Feb 1916 Longing for Home
30th Mar 1916 Under Heavy Bombardment
1st May 1916 Enemy Raiding Party
If you can provide any additional information, please add it here.
Want to know more about Scots Guards?
There are:13914 pages and articles tagged Scots Guards available in our Library
Those known to have served with
during the Great War 1914-1918.
- Barry J.. Pte. 2nd Btn. (d.18th January 1918)
- Carpenter-Garnier John Trefusis. Mjr. (d.15th Sep 1914)
- Eneas Alfred. Pte. 2nd Btn. (d.1st Mar 1915)
- Geddes Robert Fyfe. Guardsman
- Gilmore John Owen. Pte. 1st Bn (d.27th Sep 1915)
- Holden Henry. Pte. 2nd Btn. (d.13th Apr 1918)
- Hunt A.. Dmr. 2nd Btn.
- Hunt William Newland . Drummer 2nd Btn. (d.28th Oct 1914)
- Mackenzie James. Pte. 2nd Btn. (d.19th Dec 1914)
- McKechnie John. L/Cpl. 2nd Battalion, F Company (d.16th May 1915)
- Murdoch Kenneth Cameron. Pte. 2nd Btn. (d.19th April 1916)
- Reid Isaac. Pte. 2nd Btn. (d.9th Apr 1915)
- Richardson Samuel Alexander. L/Sgt. 1st Battalion (d.20th Sep 1914)
- Scott George. Pte. 2nd Btn. (d.30th Nov 1917)
- Spencer Randolph Churchill. Sgt. 1st Battalion
- Webster Brown. Sgt. 1st Battalion
- Wilson William. Pte. 2nd Btn. 'F' Coy. (d.16th May 1915)
All names on this list have been submitted by relatives, friends, neighbours and others who wish to remember them, if you have any names to add or any recollections or photos of those listed, please Add a Name to this List
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L/Cpl. John McKechnie 2nd Battalion, F Company Scots Guards (d.16th May 1915)John McKechnie was the elder brother of my grandfather James, sons of Walter and Christina. John was born at Airdrie Hill Farm, New Monkland, Lanarkshire on 6th March 1890. He became a member of the Chapelhall Boys' Brigade, the Chapelhall Cricket Club and the U.F Choir. He was a baker by trade.
In late 1914 John enlisted with the Scots Guards and was sent to Caterham for his basic training. John was killed at Festubert on the morning of 16th May 1915 aged 25 years.
A letter received by his parents following his death stated that John's body was found some time later by some of his pals who placed his body in a marked grave. However, if this was so this grave was later lost as he has now has no known grave and is commemorated in the Le Touret Cemetery.
John was part of the action that led to the story of the 'Immortal Eighty'. The story goes that one of John's comrades faced a Field General Court Marshal on 26th March 1915 at La Gorgue where he was convicted of desertion and was executed on the 9th April at Laventie. It is recorded that John was called to submit evidence at this Court Marshal. The story continues that following this execution members of his company met at a local estaminet (a cafe) and decided to fight to the last man to regain their honour. Just over a month later, at the attack at Festubert, John's company lost two officers and eighty other ranks, one of who was John, fighting to the last man having been cut off. Although the facts of this action are never likely to be proven due to the fog of war and the possibility of some embellishment by recorders after the action, the sacrifice of these men impacted on the course of the battle, breaking up a German counter attack and leading to the surrender of a local strong point known as the Quadrilateral.
John's younger brother James survived the war, met my grandmother Lucy in London on being demobbed, married her and set up a blacksmith's shop in Old Dover Road, Blackheath. James had a photo of his brother in uniform but this was destroyed when a V2 demolished the shop late in World War 2 killing many people in the street but, luckily for me, all my family survived one of whom was my mum Joan, who was 18 at the time.Peter West
Pte. John Owen Gilmore 1st Bn Scots Guards (d.27th Sep 1915)John Gilmore was the son of Mr and Mrs Owen Gilmore of 269 New Chester Road, New Ferry, Cheshire.Richard Roberts
Pte. Kenneth Cameron Murdoch 2nd Btn. Scots Guards (d.19th April 1916)Kenneth Murdoch was born in Aberdeen on 25th June 1883. By 1911 he had moved to Edinburgh and was employed as a brickworks labourer. At the time of his death in Flanders, he was married to Margaret to whom he left all his possessions. He has no known grave but is commemorated on Panel 11 of the Menin Gate.
Pte. J. Barry 2nd Btn. Scots Guards (d.18th January 1918)Private Barry was a POW at Sennelager camp in Westphalia where he was shot dead by guards. He is buried in plot V.C.5 at Niederzwehren Cemetery, Kassel.
Pte. William Wilson 2nd Btn. 'F' Coy. Scots Guards (d.16th May 1915)William Wilson was killed in action on 16th May 1915 at Festubert, France. He was one of the 80 men later known as the Immortal Eighty of F Company 2nd. Btn. Scots Guards who broke through the German lines, had no backup, and were surrounded and killed to a man. They were never recognised for their bravery or sacrifice. Their remains were found later surrounded by dead German soldiers. They were never given a proper burial. He was 31 when he was killed, had a wife and two children. He was my Grandfather.William Wilson
Pte. George Scott 2nd Btn. Scots Guards (d.30th Nov 1917)George Scott was born in Coultre, Lanarkshire, Scotland. He joined the Scots Guards, age 22, and was killed at the Cambrai Front. His older brother, John Whytock Scott, also of the Scots Guards, age 27, was killed at the third battle of Ypres on 31st of July 1917. My great grandfather, James Scott, was the brother of George and John. I grew up knowing my great grandfather, who died at the age of 91 when I was 20. He never discussed the war with me, so it was surprising to learn of the details of his brothers’ service.
My mother and I were fortunate enough to visit Manor Church in the Peebles area and attend a service in May of 2014. We were so impressed with the number of war memorials we discovered throughout Scotland. The names of George and John are included on the memorial plaque in Manor Church and Manor Hall as well as the memorial outside the library in Peebles, the Book of Remembrance and within the National War Memorial in Edinburgh Castle. It is heartwarming to witness the importance placed on remembering those who served and fell during such a critical period of mankind’s history. I always assumed some of my ancestors must have fallen. Even though my mother and I never knew them personally, the emotional connection still exists.Laurie Piskun
Guardsman Robert Fyfe Geddes Scots GuardsRobert Fyfe Geddes was born 30 March 1891 in the civil parish of Auchenblae, Kincardineshire. His mother was Jessie Geddes and his father is not known.
On 17 May 1915, at age 24, Robert Fyfe Geddes enlisted in the Scots Regiment of Foot Guards (Scots Guards). Up to the time of enlistment, he had been employed at Glengall Asylum in Ayrshire as an attendant.
His WWI pension file shows that he was admitted to hospital with a gunshot wound in his left arm on 13 October 1916, and was discharged back to active duty. He was gassed on 14 September 1918 and admitted to hospital in Boulogne, France for treatment. He was evacuated to the UK in November 1918 and spent time in Stobhill Hospital, Glasgow, which had originally been a workhouse. Robert’s Medal Index Card and the UK, WWI Service Medal and Award Rolls, 1914-1920 show his rank of Guardsman with the Scots Guards and that he was entitled to the Victory Medal and British Medal.
After calling of the banns, Robert Fyfe Geddes married Annie Young on 05 February 1918 in Berryhill Toll, Civil Parish of Kilmarnock, Ayrshire. The marriage registration shows that Annie Young was born c. 1888, the daughter of Archibald Young, road surfaceman, and Annie Walker. Annie Young’s occupation on the marriage registration was “nurse”. Robert Fyfe Geddes and Annie Young had one daughter, Lily Young Geddes, born c. 1922.
Robert Fyfe Geddes died in 1971 in Kilmarnock, East Ayrshire.Patsy Javor
Dmr. A. Hunt 2nd Btn. Scots GuardsDrummer A Hunt Served with the 2nd Scots Guards, he had enlisted on the 18th of January 1904 and was discharged on the 24th March 1916 after being wounded at Festubert on the 16th of May 1915 and being a patient at the Royal Star & Garter Home in Richmond.Mike
Pte. Henry Holden 2nd Btn. Scots Guards (d.13th Apr 1918)Harry Holden served with the 2nd Battalion, Scots Guards during WW1 and was killed in action on the 13th April 1918, aged 25. He is commemorated on the Ploegsteert Memorial to the Missing in Belgium. He was the son of Mr and Mrs Thomas Holden of 63, Clarence Street, Newton Common.S Flynn
Pte. James Mackenzie VC. 2nd Btn. Scots Guards (d.19th Dec 1914)James Mackenzie served with the 2nd Battalion, Scots Guards during WW1 and was killed in action on the 19th December 1914, aged 27. He is commemorated on the Ploegsteert Memorial to the missing in Belgium. He was the son of Mrs. Marion Mackenzie, of 22, Terregles St., Maxwelltown, Dumfries.
An extract from The London Gazette, dated 16th Feb., 1915, records the following:-
For conspicuous bravery at Rouges Bancs on the 19th Dec., in rescuing a severely wounded man from in front of the German trenches, under a very heavy fire and after a stretcher-bearer party had been compelled to abandon the attempt. Private Mackenzie was subsequently killed on that day whilst in the performance of a similar act of gallant conduct.S Flynn
Pte. Isaac Reid 2nd Btn. Scots Guards (d.9th Apr 1915)Pte. Isaac Reid served with the Scots Guards 2nd Battalion. He was executed for desertion on 9th April 1915 and is buried in Longuenesse (St. Omar) Souvenir cemetery, Longuenesse, France.s flynn
Sgt. Brown Webster 1st Battalion Scots GuardsBrown Webster was my husband's grandfather. He enlisted in the Scots Guards on 5th November 1914, lying about his age. He was actually 16. He was sent to France on 6th April 1916 and was promoted to Sergeant on 10th October 1916. He was wounded and sent home on 10th August 1917. He was treated (we believe) for shrapnel wounds in Endell St Hospital in London and was then declared unfit for further service. He was discharged from the reserve battalion in 1919. He became a draper after the war but died in 1930 aged 32.Carolyn Orme
Mjr. John Trefusis Carpenter-Garnier Scots Guards (d.15th Sep 1914)John Carpenter-Garnier was killed in action in the First Battle of Aisne. He is buried in Vendresse Churchyard. On the outbreak of the European War he went to France with his regiment which formed part of the first Expeditionary Force on 13th August 1914 and served through the retreat from Mons. In the Battle of the Aisne, he was struck by shrapnel on the 14th of September, and died of his wounds on the following day.S. Flynn
Sgt. Randolph Churchill Spencer MID 1st Battalion Scots Guards/Tank CorpsMy grandfather Randolph Spencer was born 11.4.1894 in Auchenflower, Queensland. His parents had emigrated in 1883. He came to the UK and joined the Scots Guards. He saw action at Ypres, Festubert and Loos. He was made up to Acting Sgt 22.6.1915 1st Battalion Scots Guards (London Gazette). He married at the Parish Church, Willesden having met my grandmother (I believe she was a nurse during WW1) on 10.6.1916. A photo shows him centre with a couple of his men at his wedding. He was Mentioned in Dispatches a couple of times having rescued his men whilst wounded. His first son Paul was born in December 1917 in Wareham (I assume as he was now part of the Tank Corps his wife was living near Wareham where they were training men). He was commissioned after the war but retired 28.10.1921.Gol
L/Sgt. Samuel Alexander Richardson 1st Battalion Scots Guards (d.20th Sep 1914)My grandfather, Samuel Richardson sustained a gunshot wound to the right shoulder during the Battle of Aisne on the 14th September 1914. His death certificate which was written in French by a medical officer by the name of Armstrong Smith states that he died from serious chest complications.
The war diary for this day states 'The Batallion moved at 5.30am via Moulins and Vendresse to a hill between that place and Troyon - 2 companies in Brigade reserve and 2 companies sent as artillery escort to Tour de Passy'. The casualties for this day is recorded as 3 officers and 16 men killed, 3 officers and 86 men wounded and 12 missing. Information kindly supplied by the Headquarters Scots Guards, London SW1.John Richardson
Pte. Alfred Eneas 2nd Btn. Scots Guards (d.1st Mar 1915)Alfred Eneas was my mothers uncle, he and his brother Will Eneas were killed during WW1. My mother's father Herbert Eneas survived WW1, serving in the Royal Navy, as was Will. Like many families in the UK nothing was ever mentioned about the men in the family that had died. My mother was 15mths old when Will Eneas died and many years later was told briefly how he and his brother had died. Through just snippetts of conversation with my mother I have managed to find out alot more about these young men. Will Eneas left behind a wife and a baby daughter, he was awarded the Royal Humane Society's Bronze Medal for saving life at sea. Alfred Eneas was not married.
They are still remembered with affection within our family.Jennifer Davies
Want to know more about Scots Guards?There are:13914 pages and articles tagged Scots Guards available in our LibraryThese include information on officers, regimental histories, letters, diaries, personal accounts and information about actions during the Great War.
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