- P.G. 65 Gravina during the Second World War -
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P.G. 65 Gravina
If you can provide any additional information, please add it here.
Those known to have been held in or employed at
P.G. 65 Gravina
during the Second World War 1939-1945.
- Argent Ernest. Drvr.
- Attrill Cedric George Henry. Cpl.
- Corver Charles James. Rfn
- Cullen William. Pte.
- Emmett William Roy. Dvr.
- Hines Gordon Leslie. Cpl.
- Hughes John Owen. Gnr.
- Pinner Frederick Charles. Rifleman.
- Pitts Lewis George. Pte.
- Stratton Sidney Thomas. Pte.
- Varney Frank Ernest. L/Cpl. This page is new, as yet no names have been submitted.
The names on this list have been submitted by relatives, friends, neighbours and others who wish to remember them, if you have any names to add or any recollections or photos of those listed, please Add a Name to this List
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Gnr. John Owen Hughes Royal ArtilleryMy Grandfather, Taid as I call him, Gunner John Owen Hughes from Anglesey was captured in early 1942. I am not entirely certain of the date but have a letter dated 11th June 1942 he received from his sister Mary. There is an address on the letter of, SETT2 CAPAN8 PG65 which I believe is a holding camp in Gravina Italy. He was then transferred to Stalg 1Vb possibly during 1943, again I have correspondence dated 29th December 1943. The letters hold two different POW numbers, 4192702 and 227626.
I have read your website with intrigue and admiration for all those who served our country. If there is anyone who is able to help me with any information I would be very grateful.Nia Carlton-Jones
L/Cpl. Frank Ernest Varney 10 Troop 11th CommandoMy Dad, Frank Varney, served with 11th commando 10 troop in the raid to capture Rommel in November 1941, Operation Flipper. He also spent a period of time at a POW camp PG65 in Italy. I would love to hear from any of his mates.Andrew Varney
Rfn Charles James Corver Kings Royal Rifle CorpsRfn Charles Corver was at Calais 1940, and escaped. Then sent to Western Desert and was taken prisoner near Benghazi in 1941. First a prisoner of the Italians (POW camps P.G. 65 and P.G. 70), then into German captivity, at Stalag 4C then to Stalag 20A from which he was liberated by the Russians in early 1945 and was back in the UK in March 1945.
Whilst at Stalag 4C he was involved in an disagreement with a German Guard (Gefreitan Noack, 3 Ldsch Btl., 379). He was accused of hitting the guard with a punch. At his hearing there were three British soldiers (4457054 Pte. G. Franey DLI, 5954578 Pte. W. Lindsay, The Buffs and another Pinford ?? who gave evidence on Corver's behalf. Corver was sentenced to eight months, but only served six weeks when he was released.Martin Smith
Cpl. Cedric George Henry Attrill Royal Corps of Signals2320876 Corporal Cedric George Henry Attrill served with the Royal Corps of Signals during WW2 and details of his service is provided as follows:-
- 13th Nov 1940 Left England for Egypt, North Africa. Sailed from Liverpool on the ship T.T. Reing-dec-Pacifico Calling at Seirra Leone, Durban, Cario, Aswan, Sudan, Kerin, (Eritrea) Asmara to Alexanria Egypt.
- 21st Jan 1941 New rank - War Substantive Corporal w.e.f. After Mursa, Matru – Tobruck encounter 1st Siege by Germans
- 20th June 1942 Germans took Tobruck, North Africa.
- 21st June 1942 Capitulated to the Germans.
- 23rd June 1942 Captured in Tobruck by the Germans.
- 26th June 1942 Prisoner of War at Bari and Verona, Italy
- 17th July 1942 Freed by Italian Patriots. Travelled Brindesi, Taranto, Bari, Acona, Verona, in Italy. Headed to the Swiss border, free for a month, but due lack of clothing and not successful in remaining free.
- 6th Oct 1943 Germans helped by Fascists cordoned, Termacia and Villa Montana in Italy.
- Recaptured by the Germans and became a P.O.W. Prisoner of War Camps C.G.H.ATTRILL was imprisoned.
- 10th Sept 1943 At Campo P.G. 53 Italy.
- 17th Nov 1943 At Compo P.G. Lavoro 148/LX Italy.
- 30th Nov 1943 At Campo P.G. 53 Italy. At Campo P.G. 65 Sett 3, Cap. 4 Italy. At Stalag VII a, Mooseberg Germany. At Stalag IV B , Muklberg. Worked in mines and Lead Smelting Works
- 5th March 1944 Moved to E1.116 E - Stalag IV d Muklberg
- 6th June 1944 D-Day invasion started.
- 7th June 1944 At Stalag IV d - Fort Zinner
- 21st Aug 1944 At Stalag IV d - Fort Zinner
- 22nd Sept 1944 At Stalag IV d - Fort Zinner
- 21st Dec 1944 Moved to E1 113 E.
- 13th April 1945 Liberated by U.S.Army, 3rd Sper., 9th Battalion.
- 16th April 1945 Lesleben, Saugerhausen, Liege, Belgium
- 17th April 1945 Brussels on route to England.
- 20th April 1945 Home, Ryde I of W, and on leave and rest.
- 8th May 1945 Germans formally surrender at 23.01 hours at Reims, France.
- 7th June 1945 Army Leave expired for C.G.H. Attrill.
- 13th Jan 1946 Discharged papers issued.Michael Attrill
Rifleman. Frederick Charles Pinner Rifle BrigadeFred Pinner joined the Tower Hamlet Riffles in 1938 and was called up in early September 1939. He was trained as a Signaller. This is his story:
In September 1939, I was moved from London to Lincolnshire to become part of Motorized Infantry, January 1940. I was then moved down to Wellingborough to be billeted out with a local family and carried out training schemes around Cambridgeshire. I trained as a signaller. (Signaller’s are employed as radio/ telephone operators, relaying messages for field commanders at front line Army units) Then back to Wellingborough to prepare for embarkation in Liverpool to Egypt in early November, arriving in Port Said on New Year’s Day, 1941.
When our vehicles arrived we became 9BN Rifle Brigade and joined 22nd Guards Brigade in the first sweep up to Agedabia to relieve 2RB in the first attack by Rommel and withdrawal back to Egypt. Part of our company were cut off at Dernia but managed to break out and get to Tobruk before it was surrounded, those of us in 9BN were later taken dock side and boarded the ’Water Hen’ an Australian destroyer to Alexandria and then by road back to Beni Yusef camp in Cairo where the battalion was then encamped.
Later in October/November we took part in the 2nd sweep up the desert to relieve Tobruk and then on to Benghazi area to take up positions and prepare for further advance. Once again we came under attack and set up a defence line we called 'Knightsbridge', but came under bomb attack and had to make a quick withdrawal. It was during this move that our wireless car broke down at night and three of us were left stranded. The following morning as we were making tea we saw a British truck approach us and we thought we were alright. But it was a truck taken by a German Patrol. Captured we were taken POW’s eventually arriving at PG65 in the Bari area of Italy July 1942.
We occupied our time with reading paperbacks sent from back home, there were never enough to go round, so we swapped books with other lads. We played chess and bridge with sets sent out by the Red Cross, As well as food parcels, which were shared by four men, we were generally sent practical items that we could use straight away, things like musical instruments or games. We also received food parcels from Canada, which were generous. This led to bartering things that we were not going to need with the Italian Guards. Tins of coffee could be exchanged for several loaves of bread as coffee was in great demand by the Italians, even though they were as hungry as we were. When our troops invaded Sicily during July/August 1943 our camp was cleared and we moved to a few different camps along the way ending up at camp around Northern Italy, (Campo F.57) which was taken over by German Guards when Italy surrendered.
At this time Prisoners of War came from many different camps in Italy. This led to a lot of confusion; the German Guards were not aware which camp we came from and as our compounds were only divided by low wire fences we were able to look about us and see if we recognised anyone we knew from other camps. I was able to spot my boyhood friend and fellow ‘Tower Hamlets Rifles‘, Bill Dean. I made a quick jump over the fence and joined his lot and we stayed together for the rest of the war.
In my case it was to a place called Freiberg (Saxony) to work in a forced labour camp, lead mine, until the end of the war. On arrival we were asked our jobs before the war. Bill Dean was a carpenter and although I was an apprentice compositor, I thought that I could manage a bit of woodwork, so I said carpenter as well. Our German Guards could not speak much English and we could not speak much German so we were asked if we had anyone amongst us who could speak German. We did not, however, we did have a couple of Jewish lads and they spoke Yiddish, It was suggested that as the root of the language was similar that they would be able to understand one another. One Jewish lad then became the interpreter (Übersetzer) and another organised work parties. This meant that the only two lads who never worked in the lead mine were Jewish. Everyone was given the same work clothes so it was impossible to distinguish what nationality anyone was until we tried to converse. Bill Dean and I were set to a workshop making ladders. The following diary written at the time tells part of what happened between then and my landing back home in England.
Fred Pinner’s War Diary, April to May 1945
Saturday 14th April 1945 Move from Freiberg by train to Dresden. Spent the night in open coal truck in Dresden.
Sunday, 15th April Move from Dresden by train to Pirna, spent the night in same trucks in sidings - no food all day.
Monday 16th April Move from Pirna to Konigstein - 15 kilometres march, had rations in the evening. 400grms of bread and meat. Halt near Konigstein Castle.
Tuesday 17th April Remain in camp for the day, rations today 400grms of bread, meat, coffee and sugar.
Wednesday 18th April Still in camp, will possibly stay here for a while. Rations short owing to theft, today we get 333grms of bread, two days issue of meat coffee and sugar.
Thursday 19th April Still in camp, last day of rations from Pirna, rations today 333grms of bread, coffee and sugar.
Harold, Bill and me take a walk to nearby village in search of food, with exception of a few remarks over the allied bombing, we were treated well by civilians that we conversed with and procured potatoes, eggs and bread. Also a smoke. Pirna bombed today.
Friday 20th April Still in camp today, Jack, Don and Jack go out for food with good results, they were also well met by the Germans.
Saturday 20th April Move from Konigstein to Hellersdorf, are split up on arrival over various farms. After a few days, I find work building a summer house about 5 kilometers away and cannot find time to keep a daily log. Our camp rations have been cut down due to the fact that we are no longer on the march but many of us, in fact most of us, have ventured out of camp and secured other food.
By bartering clothes, (in some cases had given to us), I had done alright for food through working, for which our sole wages are food and cigarettes at the end of the work. I was given 200 cigarettes for working in addition to the few we have been given every day. Sunday finishes the week with rumors of a separate peace or rather capitulation of Germany to British and American forces.
Monday 30th April There are further rumors today of Germany’s capitulation and although we cannot get confirmation, the attitude of the civilians seems to support it. There is also talk of a repatriation scheme to get us away in the next few days. Tuesdays ‘griff’ says that we will move on Thursday.
Felt rather queer in the evening and could not go to work for Wednesday. Bill deputised for me at work today. We heard that ‘Hitler’ and ‘Mussolini’ are dead and that another Government has taken over Germany. This news is confirmed later on in the day.
Thursday, Bill again went to work in my place, no news today of moving. No further developments on Friday. Saturday went to work myself. Very heavy artillery fire near here.
Sunday finds us with better weather. We have managed to get food and cigarettes all week.
Monday 7th May Were told immediately we arrived at work that the Russians were very near and expected here by Wednesday. Artillery fire is very close. We learn on arrival at the camp that we move tomorrow.
Tuesday 8th May Moved off this morning at 7oclock to Teplitz among columns of German soldiers, on the way to hand ourselves over to Anglo-American Forces. This proves to be the most hectic nerve racking day I have experienced since being POW. Until sunset the area and road through which we were marching was continually bombed and strafed causing us to lose several comrades. The Russians planes could hardly be blamed for this owing to lack of orders in the marching columns which made it impossible to distinguish from the air. When we were within five kilometres from Teplitz, the Russian spearhead had already come in from the West and the North and occupied the town. There is no sign of the rest of the F.57 lads and we decide to take shelter in a farmhouse and later go through to Teplitz. On the road we meet a German soldier who thinks he can take us through to American lines and after walking a few kilometres to Bilin, we are offered a lift on a truck but the road is now packed with vehicles, civilians and Germans trying to get through to American lines and after consideration we decide to stay the night and meet the Russians next morning. We managed to find a sheltered spot and lay-us-down for the night.
Wednesday 9th May We awake at dawn and after a little reconnaissance we find two cars loaded with food, tobacco, cigars, cigarettes and all odds and ends that had been dumped the night previous by SS troops. After this we decide to stay a while, have a good feed and move off to Chemintz in the car we have succeeded to get going. We move off about 5 o'clock in the evening passing the Russian columns entering Teplitz but find that the road which is the only pass through the mountain range has been blown up and owing to Russian transport coming through continually, allows only through traffic to Teplitz. We decide to return to our rendezvous and try again first light tomorrow. On our return we go to a house to have some coffee, cooked for supper and hear the news that the Capitulation terms have been concluded between the German and Allied Forces and something of the celebrations going on back home.
Thursday 10th May Awake at first light and quick meal, are on our way again but find that the road is still blocked so decide to make our way South to Karlsbad where the Americans are supposed to be. Passing endless columns of POW civilians and German soldiers going through to Karlsbad. We arrive at Komotau to have our car taken from us by the Russians, who are commandeering all means of transport. We find billets in a library adjoining a flat that has been vacated where we are able to do our cooking. At present we have more food than we can eat and out of the seven of us, four have stomach troubles. Our policy is to stay here a few days and watch for a further development that will take us on our way home.
Friday 11th May We are given notice to quit our flat today but have already secured other billets with some German women who are cooking and looking after us. Our only task now is to secure food for all of us which although yet is not difficult, will probably be in a few days’ time owing to lack of organisation. Food is where you find it!
Saturday 12 May End
August 4th 2014 Today is the anniversary of the ‘First World War’ and I am sat with my daughter I have discovered that she has rescued this Diary from the oblivion of the loft during a recent move and I am allowed to finish the above Diary, from Saturday 12th May to the safe arrival back home to Bethnal Green.
So now Back to Saturday 12th May 1945 During our search for food the seven of us came across a First Aid Post that was set up by a Scot. He had two lads that he had being caring for and then explained to us that a coach would be coming later that day to get them to a Repatriation Centre and suggested that we also wait there and join them for the first stop back home. By the evening we had arrived to join lads from all around camps in Germany. We spent the night there and by midday about 50 or so various types of vehicles had been found and the whole column went on its way to where the nearest American Forces were based. After being provided with clean clothes and an introduction to American cooking we were taken to an airfield where about 30 ‘Dakotas’ were lined up ready to take us in groups of 20 to land in Belgium, Those of us who were English were taken to Hotels to stay overnight and in the morning to another airfield locally. Then in small groups of a dozen or so boarded ‘Lancaster’ aircraft that were returning to England from their duties in Europe and landed us safely back home to the welcome ‘Green Fields’ of England.Annette Humphery
Cpl. Gordon Leslie Hines 235 Field Park Coy. Royal EngineersGordon Hines was called up for war-time military service on 16th October 1939 to Royal Engineers, army number 1184039. He joined A Company, 1st Motor Depot (believed to be based in Tyneside). He was posted to Aldershot to join 50th Motor Division (later to become 50 th (Northumbrian) Infantry Division), 235 Field Park Company as driver on 13th of December 1939. He was posted to France as part of British Expeditionary Force, on the 23rd of January 1940 part of British 2 Corps, 50th (Northumbrian) Infantry Division. They were evacuated from Dunkirk during Operation Dynamo on 1st of June 1940, swimming out to waiting small boats. Gordon rejoined 235 Field Park Company on 29 June 1940,and was appointed Acting L/Cpl 13th July 1940. He was in hospital from the 1st to 18th October 1940. He attended the 8th Corps Vehicle maintenance course from 10th of March 1941 to 31st ofMarch 1941. He was then appointed Acting Corporal on the 15th of April 1941. The unit embarked for Egypt on the 21st of May 1941 as part of Middle East Forces where they disembarked on the 10th of July 1941. Gordon was appointed Acting Sergeant on the 19th of July 1941. Embarked 25th July 1941 for Cyprus, disembarked 26th July 1941 and was in hospital from the 2nd to 30th of September 1941. They moved from Cyprus to Palestine in January 1942 then moved to Syria on the 21st of January 1942. They made another move from Syria to Egypt on the 14th of February 1942.
Libya was captured on the 28th of May 1942 and Gordon was posted as missing in Western Desert. He was confirmed as a PoW on 30th of May 1942, in Italian hands. He was held in Italy, Campo PG 65 at Gravina near Bari (holding camp) then moved to PG 53 near Sforzacosta on east coast. He was transferred to Germany by train in July 1943 to Stalag IV-B 50 km north of Dresden, Germany, for three weeks, and given PoW number 221441. He then transferred to Stalag VIII-B (later called 344) in Lamsdorf, Poland (then Silesia) on 9th of August 1943 and joined Working Party E769, Heydebreck, Poland (IG Farben chemical plant, Blechhammer South) on 23rd of September 1944.
The POW's from Gordon's camp commenced the "Long March" from E769 on 22nd January 1945, through Poland, Czechoslovakia and south west Germany. They arrived at Stalag XIII-D, Nuremburg on 28th March 1945. They left Stalag XIII-ID on 2nd April 1945 marching south from Nuremburg, believed to be towards Moosburg POW camp. It is believed that Gordon escaped from column and was hidden in farmhouse during American bombardment. He was liberated by Americans on the 25th of April 1945 at Pietenfeld. He departed in a car given by Americans on 27th of April 1945, and drove north through Wurzberg, Frankfurt and Coblenz to Aachen on the Dutch/Belgian border. He transferred to Antwerp and Brussels on 30th April 1945 and boarded Lancaster bomber in Brussels and arrived in UK 2nd of May 1945. On the 12th of July 1945 posted to 2 Div Transport Unit. He was Posted to 1 Batt RAOC for UK service from 2nd May 1945 and was given release leave on the 26th January 1946. Before being discharged on the 13th of May 1946 going in the royal army reserves.Richard Hines.
Pte. Sidney Thomas Stratton B Company 20th Battalion
- Enlisted 13 July 1940,
- entered camp 3 October 1940.
- Embarked from New Zealand 1 February 1941,
- disembarked Egypt 16 March 1941.
- Posted to 20th Battalion 14 June 1941.
- Involved in Operation Crusader November 1941, wounded and captured (piece of German mortar bomb removed 1990)
- Shipped from Benghazi on POW ship `Jason', torpedoed HMS Porpoise 8 December 1941.
- POW in Greece then Italy at various camps
- Released when Italy capitulated but recaptured by the Germans and taken by train to Germany.
- Around April 1944 was in Stalag 4B Germany POW #267389.
- Then Stalag 4G around June 1944.
- Safe in UK 26 April 1945.
- Arrived back in New Zealand 19 July 1945.
- Discharged from Army 29 November 1945.Roger Stratton
Dvr. William Roy EmmettI have a series of P.O.W. letters sent home by Driver Emmett. Letters are very bland dealing with his health, weather conditions and his trying to keep busy. He was in P.O.W. Camp P.G. 65, P.M. 3450, Gravina Altamura before being transferred to, P.G. 53 P.M. 3300, Sforza Costa by August 1943. Then transferred to, Stammlager XVII B, Gneizendorf (Austria) by May 1944.Thomas Dean
Drvr. Ernest Argent Rifle BrigadeErnie Argent was the driver of a Bren Gun Carrier and was injured in North Africa. He was in an ambulance which was stopped by a German patrol and they were captured. The German doctor treated his damaged hand and he was taken to the coast and put on a hospital ship bound for Italy.
The ship was torpedoed by a British submarine. As the ship listed the NCO tried to get the men to line up on deck, but Ernie and friends climbed over the railings and walked down the side and found some wreckage. He spent two nights clinging on until he was rescued by an Italian destroyer. He was taken to Campo 65 before being transported to Campo 63.
When the Italian Army withdrew from the conflict, the guards left the camp gates open and Ernie and his friend Mac walked out into the fields. They spent about 10 months working on a farm helping with the harvest and were hidden from the German patrols. When the Allies advanced into Italy, Ernie and Mac walked back to the lines and were in Naples for debriefing and new uniforms. They had not had boots for a long time and when he was in the showers a whole sole of hard skin fell off his foot! Back in England he was transferred to the RASC and was based at York.Dave Sadler
Pte. Lewis George Pitts 1st Btn. Welch RegimentMy grandfather, Lewis Pitts, was captured in Crete on 2nd June 1941 and held at POW Camp 65, Gravina Altimura. He was transferred to Stalag 4f at an unknown date. I am only just beginning my research to any help would be very much appreciated.Robert Pitts
Pte. William Cullen Royal ArtilleryWilliam Cullen was a Private in the British Army during WW2. He was captured by Italians and he was out in Campo 65 in Gravina. He was moved to Campo 52 and he stayed there for a while and then was being moved again by train he managed to escape from the train and went on a 3-month journey across Italy to try get to Ireland. His son wrote a book called Italy the hard way, where he explains in detail the journey.Jamie
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