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Pine Grove Furnace POW Camp / Camp Michaux, Gettysburg, PA, USA in the Second World War 1939-1945 - The Wartime Memories Project -

The Wartime Memories Project

- Pine Grove Furnace POW Camp / Camp Michaux, Gettysburg, PA, USA during the Second World War -

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Pine Grove Furnace POW Camp / Camp Michaux, Gettysburg, PA, USA

       Pine Grove Furnace POW Camp was originally intended to house German Naval Officers, it was enlarged to include prisoners from Rommul's African Corps. Later Japanese Officers were also imprisoned here.

    Pine Grove Furnace POW camp was utilized by the Provost Marshal General as an interrogation camp for enemy officers. the P0Ws were kept for a short period of time for interrogation and then dispersed to other POW camps.

    The Camp was located at Michaux, a two-hour drive to Washington, D.C. It was under supervision of the Intelligence Department of the Army and had a private telephone line to Washington, D.C. The camp was classified as secret until 14 July 1943 when it was redesigned as & POW camp assigned to the Third Service Command.

    At one time during the war a German Naval Officer was quartered in Trail Lodge. He was a very stubborn prisoner and for two weeks would not divulge any secrets. Someone found out that this prisoner was very fond of American Whiskey. So they brought him down to Michaux Lodge and put him in with another prisoner. The Americans gave them two bottles of whiskey. They became very drunk and the conversation which ensued was recorded by means of a Dictaphone hidden in the ceiling. A few days later a submarine base in Germany was bombed for the first time.

    The camp was also known a. Pine Grove Furnace Internment Camp, Camp Michaux and Camp S-51-PA.

    The camp was occupied by 1500 prisoners and 150 American personnel. Approximately 60 to 150 guards were utilized at the camp at varying times during the existence of the camp. When questioned by outsiders, guards were instructed to say they were stationed at Carlisle Barracks, which was located approximately 30 minutes away, to maintain the secrecy of Pine Grove Furnace POW camp.

    The inventor of the German Buzz Bomb was held here. A reported 15 prisoners escaped from the camp. The Michaux Prisoner of War Camp is mentioned by President Eisenhower in his book "Crusade in Europe."

    The POW camp was declared surplus on 29 November 1945. The entire camp became home to as Camp Michaux, operated by the Dickinson United Presbyterian Church, as a youth church camp.


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    Those known to have been held in or employed at

    Pine Grove Furnace POW Camp / Camp Michaux, Gettysburg, PA, USA

    during the Second World War 1939-1945.

      This page is new, as yet no names have been submitted.
    • Hartig Georg. (d.3rd Nov 1944)

    The names on this list have been submitted by relatives, friends, neighbours and others who wish to remember them, if you have any names to add or any recollections or photos of those listed, please Add a Name to this List

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