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No. 138 Squadron Royal Air Force in the Second World War 1939-1945 - The Wartime Memories Project -

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World War 2 Two II WW2 WWII

No. 138 Squadron Royal Air Force



   138 Squadron was formed in 1918 as a fighter-reconnaissance squadron and disbanded in 1919. It was re-formed at Newmarket in 1941 as a special duties squadron.
The Special Operations Executive (SOE) was formed to promote sabotage by stimulating subversive activities, spreading political discontent, disorganising and dislocating communications. The agents, ammunition and equipment to achieve this were dropped inside enemy territory, first by No 1419 Flight, which eventually formed the nucleus of the newly re-formed No 138 Squadron.
For the rest of the war the squadron ranged from Norway to Yugoslavia and into Poland. Flying Whitleys and Lysanders, then Halifaxes and Stirlings it flew from Newmarket, Stradishall and Tempsford with agents, arms, explosives, radio sets and other sabotage equipment, dropping them at rendezvous points for local underground members . Less frequen was the pick-up in which the aircraft (always a Lysander) landed to collect some prominent public man, or an agent, or special plans and articles. During 1942 the squadron operated with the bomber force when not required for special duties.
In March 1945 No. 138 Squadron was switched from special duties to the main force of No. 3 Group. It re-equipped with Lancasters and flew 105 sorties on 9 bombing missions, dropping approximately 440 tons of bombs on the enemy. No. 138 also carried out food-dropping operations over Holland and POW repatriation flights during which it brought home nearly 2,500 men before VE Day. Airfields No. 138 Squadron flew from:
  • RAF Newmarket, Cambridgeshire from 25th August 1941 (formed: Lysander III, Whitley V, Halifax II)
  • RAF Stradishall, Suffolk from 1st January 1942 (Special Duties)
  • RAF Tempsford, Bedfordshire from 14th March 1942 (Halifax V, Liberator III, Stirling IV)
  • RAF Tuddenham Suffolk from 9th March 1945 (Lancaster I)


 

27th Aug 1940 Training

29th Aug 1941 Aircraft Lost

29th Oct 1941 138 Squadron Whitley lost

29th Oct 1941 Aircraft Lost

1st Nov 1941 Aircraft Lost

27th Dec 1941 Aircraft Lost

23rd Oct 1942 138 Squadron Whitley lost

13th Aug 1943 138 Squadron Halifax lost

11th Dec 1943 138 Squadron Halifax lost

30th Mar 1944 Aircraft Lost

1st Apr 1944 138 Squadron Halifax lost


If you can provide any additional information, please add it here.



Those known to have served with

No. 138 Squadron Royal Air Force

during the Second World War 1939-1945.

  • Allison John. Sgt. (d.19th July 1944)
  • Armour James Alexander. F/O (d.8th May 1944)
  • Binns Herbert Dennis. F/Lt. (d.19th July 1944)
  • Bloomer J. H.. Sgt.
  • Breeze J. T.. Sgt.
  • Brown Donald. F/O (d.8th May 1944)
  • Bryce Alexander Frederick. F/O (d.8th May 1944)
  • Burke Hugh. Sgt. (d.20th Sep 1942)
  • Cable George. F/Sgt. (d.8th May 1944)
  • Callan James Richard. Sgt (d.14th April 1943)
  • Clark Laurie. Sgt
  • Cloutier Joseph Darie Louis. F/O (d.15th September 1943)
  • Cook William Arthur. Sgt. (d.14th April 1943)
  • Dalglish William Logan. Sgt. (d.8th August 1944)
  • Davidson Henry Eugene. F/Sgt. (d.14th April 1943)
  • Dove A. S.. Sgt.
  • Doy Jack. Sgt. (d.14th April 1943)
  • Fergus Thomas. Sgt. (d.19th July 1944)
  • Gay Leonard Charles. Sgt. (d.15th September 1943)
  • Green Frederick George. Flt.Sgt. (d.27th Sep 1942)
  • Hammett Edward George. Sgt. (d.14th April 1943)
  • Hart Edward Chichester. F/O. (d.15th Sep 1943)
  • Hearn Eric Richard. Sgt. (d.19th July 1944)
  • Kasprzak Eugeniusz Pawee. Sgt. (d.17th Sep 1943)
  • Kimberley Edward Joseph. Sgt. (d.14th April 1943)
  • King Archie Ernest. Ft/Sgt. (d.14th April 1943)
  • Kyle J. F.. F/O
  • Lee Raymond Leslie. Sgt. (d.19th July 1944)
  • Lynch John. Nav. (d.December 1943)
  • Maude G. M.. F/S
  • McGonagle Bernard Pierce. F/O (d.8th May 1944)
  • Mott Arnold John. Sqd.Ldr.
  • Mudge William Henry. Sgt. (d.15th September 1943)
  • Norie Kenneth Ross. Sgt. (d.15th September 1943)
  • Pleasance Nigel Leslie St George. F/O (d.19th July 1944)
  • Russell William Macfarlane. WingCdr. (d.8th May 1944)
  • Simister Norman. F/O (d.8th May 1944)
  • Skelton William. Sgt. (d.14th April 1943)
  • Smith Sidney John. Sgt. (d.15th September 1943)
  • Tilly N. E.. F/O
  • Toma Thomas Fareg. Sgt.
  • Walker Harold Allen. P/O
  • Ward Robert Weaver. P/O (d.14th April 1943)
  • Windsor Kenneth Charles. Sgt. (d.15th September 1943)

The names on this list have been submitted by relatives, friends, neighbours and others who wish to remember them, if you have any names to add or any recollections or photos of those listed, please Add a Name to this List

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F/O J. F. Kyle 138 Sqd.




F/O N. E. Tilly 138 Sqd.




Sgt. J. T. Breeze 138 Sqd.

Stirling LJ999 NF-Q crashed on Operation Tablejam on the 5th of March 1945.




Sgt Laurie Clark 138 Sqd.

My father died in 1960, 3 weeks after my birth and would never talk about his wartime experiences to my mother. However, this is what I have gleaned over the years:

Towards the end of the war his Stirling was shot down over the Danish coast. There was an emergency landing and repairs were made but while they were taking off, and 50ft in the air, a bomb on the aircraft went off. A saboteur has planted it while the repairs were being done. My father was hurled through the perspex nose but landed in a mixture of sea and marsh, went through minefields, but survived. (At this time he may have been helping an injured American airforce person, perhaps of African descent. He may have killed an enemy soldier at this time, too, as my Mum said he had nightmares about this)

Through friendly contacts he made it to Copenhagen and was in sight of Sweden when he fell into the hands of the Gestapo. He received the "full treatment" and was sent to Stalag 7a at Moonsburg.

My mum would say that towards the end of the war he was part of a crew whose mission was to drop spies behind enemy lines and he talked about the Caterpillar Club.

My mother died 12 years ago and I now have children of my own and I am aware that there is so much about my father that I do not know.

Update:

The Stirling was LJ999, NF-Q they took of at 23:48 on the 4th of March 1945 from Tempsford on Operation TABLEJAM 241 and headed for Denmark. On the return journey at 150 feet, over Ringkobing Fjord an explosion sent the aircraft out of control to crash in shallow water.

The crew were:

  • F/O L.G.Steven
  • Sgt J.T.Breeze
  • F/O N.E.Tilly
  • F/S J.F.Kyle
  • F/S G.M.Maude RAAF
  • Sgt W.L.Clark
  • Sgt J.H.Bloomer
The crew all survived and were taken POW, 5 of then were confined in Hospital due injuries until the Liberation.

Laurel Clark



Sgt. J. H. Bloomer 138 Sqd.




Sgt. Hugh Burke DFM. 218 Squadon (d.20th Sep 1942)

My father Hugh Burke was a wireless operator with 218 Sqd, flying from Gibraltar Farm, Tempsford and S.O.E, S/Ldr Dick Wilkin was the pilot.

Dick Wilkin

Dick Wilkin

Air crew group after "ops" with Hugh Burke, Dick Wilkin & crew members

Valerie Hutchinson



P/O Harold Allen "Hiram" Walker DSO, DFC, NFC. 138 Squadron

My father Hiram Walker never talked about his overseas duty. He flew 70 operational missions last crashing in the Med on a return flight from Belida after dropping load on way over. They lost Tony Farr in crash, all others were recovered by a Hospital ship and off loaded in Africa for repatriation to GB by BOAC.




Sgt. Thomas Fareg Toma 138 Sqd.

My Dad, Thomas Toma was am airman in the Second World War. He never talked about the death or destruction, but of the fun he had with his squadron. His heart was heavy and sometimes sad as he thought about that war and the depression before.

My Mom was a Rosy Riveter during the war and worked in Detroit Michigan on Canadian Air Planes riveting the wing tips on the planes.




Sqd.Ldr. Arnold John Mott MBE. 78 Squadron

John Mott was an Evader and Escaper.

In the New Year of 1941 Sergeant Mott was piloting a two-engine Armstrong Whitworth Whitley of No 78 Squadron, after attacking the U-boat pens at Lorient on the French Atlantic coast, when he was shot down over Brittany. Baling out of his burning bomber over Lanvallon, Mott was hidden by the Delavignes, a staunchly anti-Boche couple, at their home at Nantes for four months. During this time he learned sufficient French from Tantine, his hostess, to be accepted as a local; he also assisted Resistance communications with London until he learned that a fellow airman, who knew his whereabouts, was being interrogated by the Gestapo. Fearing the worst, Mott walked into Spain in November and, as he put it, "thumbed a lift home from Gibraltar in an Australian Sunderland flying-boat".

Mott was debriefed and then posted to No 138, later 161, both special duties squadrons designated to SOE. Piloting a Westland Lysander, he began to fly agents and others in and out of occupied France. On the 28th of May 1942 Mott, by now a flight lieutenant, John was forced to abandon his Lysander, bogged down in a field at Chateauroux, after landing his passenger - a Belgian fighter pilot who, having been shot down and lost an eye, had volunteered to join the MI9 escape line which had helped him back to Britain. The two men split up, Mott making his way to La Chartre, where he fell into the hands of the French police. It did not help that the town was strongly pro-Vichy. Mott was held in French prisons until he was passed on to Genoa, from where, following the Italian armistice in September 1943, he was put on a train to Austria. After cutting a hole in their cattle truck, Mott and some fellow officers escaped but encountered a band of Yugoslav partisans who mistook them for Germans; Mott was being forced to dig his own grave when a British liaison officer arrived and intervened. The partisans were attacked by German troops and Mott, anxious to distance himself from the enemy, made his way back to Italy where, in February 1944, he was befriended by a Contessa Cancellucia and provided with forged papers. In the company of a small group of others who were escaping, which had pooled borrowed money, Mott put to sea aboard a German whaler which he dragged to the water with the help of some cows. Naming the boat Pitch and Toss, Mott and his friends reached advancing Allied troops at Porto San Giorgio, south of Monte Cassino, on March 19 1944. Half-starved and seasick, Mott landed just as Mount Vesuvius was erupting. The first British officer to welcome and interrogate him was his younger brother Pip, whom he had not seen since 1937.

Arnold John Mott was born on 12th of May 1916, and was educated at Christ's Hospital, it was here that his determination to fly was inspired by the sight of a Zeppelin overhead. He joined the RAF Volunteer Reserve in 1938, and was mobilised on the outbreak of war, remaining in the regular Service until 1959 when he retired and joined the Inland Revenue as a tax inspector.

Stella Marsh



Flt.Sgt. Frederick George Green 138 Squadron (d.27th Sep 1942)

Fred Green joined the R.A.F in August 1938. After training as a Wireless Operator he joined 38 Squadron at RAF Marham, he completed two operational tours before being posted to No 11 O.T.U at RAF Bassingbourne. On the 21st April 1942 he started his third tour with No 138 (Special Duty) Squadron based at RAF Tempsford.

On the 27th September 1942 while carrying out an S.O.E mission (code named Incomparable 1) to Belgium his aircraft which had been damaged by FLAK, crashed in a field in Northern France, sadly Fred and two other crew members, David Harrison Freeland the pilot, and Edmond George Hayhoe C/O pilot were killed in the crash.

Peter Green



F/Sgt. Henry Eugene Davidson DFM. 138 Sqdn. (d.14th April 1943)

I am looking for any one that may have known my great uncle. He came down in the sea off Bournemouth. Operation Porcupine, Belgium.I would love to hear from any one with any information, stories or photos of the crew.

Update:

Your great uncle is listed in the Roll of Honour From Chorley's Bomber Comand Losses:

138 Sqdn Halifax B363 NF-T, Sgt W A Cook RNZAF, Sgt J Doy, Sgt E G Hammett, W/O R W Ward DFC, Sgt W Skelton, F/S H E Davidson DFM, F/S A E King, Sgt J R Callan, Sgt E J Kimberley.

They took off from Tempsford on operation Porcupine/Mandrill Caracal 3 and Gibbon 2 over Belgium. Presumed lost over the sea. Five are commemorated on the Runnymede Memorial; the rest are buried in various cemeteries. F/S Davidson had gained his DFM while serving with 102 Sqdn, the details being published on 6 December 1940 along with those of his skipper, then P/O G L Cheshire VC who won a DSO. The joint citation paid tribute to their courage and skill in extracting their Whitley from a most hazardous situation after flak had set fire to the fuselage, particular mention being made to the fact that F/S Davidson had been severely burnt and temporarily blinded. - Bob

Update

I write to thank you for your reply and found it most interesting as this has been the only piece of information I have found. I am awaiting F/S Davidson records from the PMA. From your note I believe you refer to Leonard Cheshire. I say this as I remember my grandfather showing me Harry's Davidson's diary. My grandfather sent this to Mr Cheshire but unfortunately never had it returned.

Samantha Cruz



F/Lt. Herbert Dennis Binns 138 Sqdn. (d.19th July 1944)

My grandfather served in 138 Squadron at Tempsford. He was killed on July 1944 at St Pair Sur Mer in France in Operation Shipwright 9 in a Halifax LL837-NF-P. The full crew were:
  • F/Lt H.D. Binns, Airbomber
  • F/O N.L.StG. Pleasance, Pilot
  • Sgt J. Allison, Airgunner
  • Sgt W.L. Dalglish, Airgunner
  • Sgt T.F. Fergus, Navigator
  • Sgt E.R. Hearn, Flt. Engineer
  • Sgt R.L. Lee, Wop/Airgunner

    Sgt Allison and Sgt Lee are buried in Bayeux War Cemetery. Sgt Dalglish is buried at Beny-sur-Mer Canadian War Cemetery and the rest of the crew are commemorated on the Runnymede Memorial.

  • Emma Fox



    F/O Nigel Leslie St George Pleasance 138 Sqdn. (d.19th July 1944)

    F/O Pleasance served in 138 Squadron at Tempsford. He was killed on July 1944 at St Pair Sur Mer in France in Operation Shipwright 9 in a Halifax LL837-NF-P. The full crew were:
  • F/Lt H.D. Binns, Airbomber
  • F/O N.L.StG. Pleasance, Pilot
  • Sgt J. Allison, Airgunner
  • Sgt W.L. Dalglish, Airgunner
  • Sgt T.F. Fergus, Navigator
  • Sgt E.R. Hearn, Flt. Engineer
  • Sgt R.L. Lee, Wop/Airgunner

    Sgt Allison and Sgt Lee are buried in Bayeux War Cemetery. Sgt Dalglish is buried at Beny-sur-Mer Canadian War Cemetery and the rest of the crew are commemorated on the Runnymede Memorial.




  • Sgt. John Allison 138 Sqdn. (d.19th July 1944)

    Sgt Allison served in 138 Squadron at Tempsford. He was killed on July 1944 at St Pair Sur Mer in France in Operation Shipwright 9 in a Halifax LL837-NF-P. The full crew were:
  • F/Lt H.D. Binns, Airbomber
  • F/O N.L.StG. Pleasance, Pilot
  • Sgt J. Allison, Airgunner
  • Sgt W.L. Dalglish, Airgunner
  • Sgt T.F. Fergus, Navigator
  • Sgt E.R. Hearn, Flt. Engineer
  • Sgt R.L. Lee, Wop/Airgunner

    Sgt Allison and Sgt Lee are buried in Bayeux War Cemetery. Sgt Dalglish is buried at Beny-sur-Mer Canadian War Cemetery and the rest of the crew are commemorated on the Runnymede Memorial.




  • Sgt. Thomas Fergus 138 Sqdn. (d.19th July 1944)

    Sgt Fergus served in 138 Squadron at Tempsford. He was killed on July 1944 at St Pair Sur Mer in France in Operation Shipwright 9 in a Halifax LL837-NF-P. The full crew were:
  • F/Lt H.D. Binns, Airbomber
  • F/O N.L.StG. Pleasance, Pilot
  • Sgt J. Allison, Airgunner
  • Sgt W.L. Dalglish, Airgunner
  • Sgt T.F. Fergus, Navigator
  • Sgt E.R. Hearn, Flt. Engineer
  • Sgt R.L. Lee, Wop/Airgunner

    Sgt Allison and Sgt Lee are buried in Bayeux War Cemetery. Sgt Dalglish is buried at Beny-sur-Mer Canadian War Cemetery and the rest of the crew are commemorated on the Runnymede Memorial.




  • Sgt. Eric Richard Hearn 138 Sqdn. (d.19th July 1944)

    Sgt Hearn served in 138 Squadron at Tempsford. He was killed on July 1944 at St Pair Sur Mer in France in Operation Shipwright 9 in a Halifax LL837-NF-P. The full crew were:
  • F/Lt H.D. Binns, Airbomber
  • F/O N.L.StG. Pleasance, Pilot
  • Sgt J. Allison, Airgunner
  • Sgt W.L. Dalglish, Airgunner
  • Sgt T.F. Fergus, Navigator
  • Sgt E.R. Hearn, Flt. Engineer
  • Sgt R.L. Lee, Wop/Airgunner

    Sgt Allison and Sgt Lee are buried in Bayeux War Cemetery. Sgt Dalglish is buried at Beny-sur-Mer Canadian War Cemetery and the rest of the crew are commemorated on the Runnymede Memorial.




  • Sgt. Raymond Leslie Lee 138 Sqdn. (d.19th July 1944)

    Sgt Lee served in 138 Squadron at Tempsford. He was killed on July 1944 at St Pair Sur Mer in France in Operation Shipwright 9 in a Halifax LL837-NF-P. The full crew were:
  • F/Lt H.D. Binns, Airbomber
  • F/O N.L.StG. Pleasance, Pilot
  • Sgt J. Allison, Airgunner
  • Sgt W.L. Dalglish, Airgunner
  • Sgt T.F. Fergus, Navigator
  • Sgt E.R. Hearn, Flt. Engineer
  • Sgt R.L. Lee, Wop/Airgunner

    Sgt Allison and Sgt Lee are buried in Bayeux War Cemetery. Sgt Dalglish is buried at Beny-sur-Mer Canadian War Cemetery and the rest of the crew are commemorated on the Runnymede Memorial.




  • Sgt. William Logan Dalglish 138 Sqdn. (d.8th August 1944)

    Sgt Dalglish served in 138 Squadron at Tempsford. His Halifax (LL837-NF-P) was shot down on 19th July 1944 at St Pair Sur Mer in France in Operation Shipwright 9. The full crew, all of whom died on 19th July except for Sgt Dalglish, were:
  • F/Lt H.D. Binns, Airbomber
  • F/O N.L.StG. Pleasance, Pilot
  • Sgt J. Allison, Airgunner
  • Sgt W.L. Dalglish, Airgunner
  • Sgt T.F. Fergus, Navigator
  • Sgt E.R. Hearn, Flt. Engineer
  • Sgt R.L. Lee, Wop/Airgunner

    Sgt Allison and Sgt Lee are buried in Bayeux War Cemetery. Sgt Dalglish died on 6th August 1944 and is buried at Beny-sur-Mer Canadian War Cemetery and the rest of the crew are commemorated on the Runnymede Memorial.




  • F/O Alexander Frederick Bryce 138 Sqdn. (d.8th May 1944)

    I am trying to find out more about the life of my uncle, Flying Officer 149705 Alexander Frederick Bryce, who was killed on 8 May 1944 during Operation Citronelle 1 in France.

    Update

    I don't know how much info you have but this may be of interest. From Chorley's Bomber Command Losses:

    Halifax v LL280 NF-O

  • W/Cdr W McF Russell DFC & Bar
  • F/S G Cable DFM
  • F/O D Brown DFC
  • F/O B P McGonagle DFC
  • F/O J A Armour DFC DFM
  • F/O A F Bryce
  • F/O N Simister DFM

    T/o Tempsfordon Operation Citronelle 1 heading for France. Shot down by a night-fighter and crashed at St Denis d'Orques (Sarthe), 40 m WNW of Le Mans and astride what in 1944 was the main road to Laval. All rest in Le Mans West Cemetery.

    I have some information on your uncle's crew that I am more than happy to share with you. A summary follows below. My uncle J W McLeod (RAAF 418296; 576 Squadron) was killed on 7 May 1944 along with most of the rest of the Lancaster crew of pilot J M Shearer (RNZAF 415721) when they were shot down about 50 kms north of Le Mans.

    The post-war paperwork on the graves of the two crews spends some time sorting out the burial arrangements for the two crews that crashed not far apart in two consecutive nights. The question is not yet fully answered and an unknown airman is buried with your uncle's crew who may be from the crew of J M Shearer.

    In May 2004 I visited St Denis d'Orques and the Le Mans Cemetery and have photos.

  • Edwin Bryce



    WingCdr. William Macfarlane Russell DFC&Bar 138 Sqdn. (d.8th May 1944)

    W/Co Russell was killed on 8th May 1944 duringOperation Citronelle 1 in France.

    Halifax v LL280 NF-O. The crew were:

  • W/Cdr W McF Russell DFC & Bar
  • F/S G Cable DFM
  • F/O D Brown DFC
  • F/O B P McGonagle DFC
  • F/O J A Armour DFC DFM
  • F/O A F Bryce
  • F/O N Simister DFM

    T/o Tempsfordon Operation Citronelle 1 heading for France. Shot down by a night-fighter and crashed at St Denis d'Orques (Sarthe), 40m WNW of Le Mans and astride what in 1944 was the main road to Laval. All rest in Le Mans west cemetery.




  • F/Sgt. George Cable 138 Sqdn. (d.8th May 1944)

    F/Sgt Cable was killed on 8th May 1944 during Operation Citronelle 1 in France.

    Halifax v LL280 NF-O. The crew were:

  • W/Cdr W McF Russell DFC & Bar
  • F/S G Cable DFM
  • F/O D Brown DFC
  • F/O B P McGonagle DFC
  • F/O J A Armour DFC DFM
  • F/O A F Bryce
  • F/O N Simister DFM

    T/o Tempsfordon Operation Citronelle 1 heading for France. Shot down by a night-fighter and crashed at St Denis d'Orques (Sarthe), 40m WNW of Le Mans and astride what in 1944 was the main road to Laval. All rest in Le Mans west cemetery.




  • F/O Donald Brown DFC 138 Sqdn. (d.8th May 1944)

    F/O Brown was killed on 8th May 1944 during Operation Citronelle 1 in France.

    Halifax v LL280 NF-O. The crew were:

  • W/Cdr W McF Russell DFC & Bar
  • F/S G Cable DFM
  • F/O D Brown DFC
  • F/O B P McGonagle DFC
  • F/O J A Armour DFC DFM
  • F/O A F Bryce
  • F/O N Simister DFM

    T/o Tempsfordon Operation Citronelle 1 heading for France. Shot down by a night-fighter and crashed at St Denis d'Orques (Sarthe), 40m WNW of Le Mans and astride what in 1944 was the main road to Laval. All rest in Le Mans west cemetery.




  • F/O Bernard Pierce McGonagle DFC 138 Sqdn. (d.8th May 1944)

    F/O McGonagle was killed on 8th May 1944 during Operation Citronelle 1 in France.

    Halifax v LL280 NF-O. The crew were:

  • W/Cdr W McF Russell DFC & Bar
  • F/S G Cable DFM
  • F/O D Brown DFC
  • F/O B P McGonagle DFC
  • F/O J A Armour DFC DFM
  • F/O A F Bryce
  • F/O N Simister DFM

    T/o Tempsfordon Operation Citronelle 1 heading for France. Shot down by a night-fighter and crashed at St Denis d'Orques (Sarthe), 40m WNW of Le Mans and astride what in 1944 was the main road to Laval. All rest in Le Mans west cemetery.




  • F/O James Alexander Armour DFC DFM 1 (d.8th May 1944)

    F/O Armour was killed on 8th May 1944 during Operation Citronelle 1 in France.

    Halifax v LL280 NF-O. The crew were:

  • W/Cdr W McF Russell DFC & Bar
  • F/S G Cable DFM
  • F/O D Brown DFC
  • F/O B P McGonagle DFC
  • F/O J A Armour DFC DFM
  • F/O A F Bryce
  • F/O N Simister DFM

    T/o Tempsfordon Operation Citronelle 1 heading for France. Shot down by a night-fighter and crashed at St Denis d'Orques (Sarthe), 40m WNW of Le Mans and astride what in 1944 was the main road to Laval. All rest in Le Mans west cemetery.




  • F/O Norman Simister DFM 138 Sqdn. (d.8th May 1944)

    F/O Simister was killed on 8th May 1944 during Operation Citronelle 1 in France.

    Halifax v LL280 NF-O. The crew were:

  • W/Cdr W McF Russell DFC & Bar
  • F/S G Cable DFM
  • F/O D Brown DFC
  • F/O B P McGonagle DFC
  • F/O J A Armour DFC DFM
  • F/O A F Bryce
  • F/O N Simister DFM

    T/o Tempsfordon Operation Citronelle 1 heading for France. Shot down by a night-fighter and crashed at St Denis d'Orques (Sarthe), 40m WNW of Le Mans and astride what in 1944 was the main road to Laval. All rest in Le Mans west cemetery.




  • F/O. Edward Chichester Hart 138 Squadron (d.15th Sep 1943)

    I'm looking for any information about Halifax JN910 NF-K, 138 Squadron, which crashed in the Baltic Sea near Rugenwalde, during operation Flat 12, Poland, 14th/15th September 1943. Only Sgt A.S.Dove survived. I need to know where the plane crashed: open sea, near the shore? Halifax JN910 NF-K was returning from an SOE mission and was hit by flak. The seven crew members who died are commemorated on the Runnymede Memorial.

    The members of the crew were:

    • F/O E.C. Hart
    • Sgt A.S. Dove
    • Sgt K.C. Windsor
    • F/O J.D.L. Cloutier
    • Sgt K.R. Norie
    • Sgt L.C. Gay
    • Sgt S.J. Smith
    • Sgt W.H. Mudge

    Michael



    Sgt. A. S. Dove 138 Sqdn.

    Halifax JN910 NF-K, 138 Squadron, crashed in the Baltic Sea near Rugenwalde, during operation Flat 12, Poland, 14th/15th September 1943. Only the pilot Sgt A.S.Dove survived. The aircraft was returning from an SOE mission and was hit by flak. The seven crew members who died are commemorated on the Runnymede Memorial.

    The members of the crew were:

  • F/O E.C. Hart
  • Sgt A.S. Dove
  • Sgt K.C. Windsor
  • F/O J.D.L. Cloutier
  • Sgt K.R. Norie
  • Sgt L.C. Gay
  • Sgt S.J. Smith
  • Sgt W.H. Mudge




  • Sgt. Kenneth Charles Windsor 138 Sqdn. (d.15th September 1943)

    Halifax JN910 NF-K, 138 Squadron, crashed in the Baltic Sea near Rugenwalde, during operation Flat 12, Poland, 14th/15th September 1943. Only the pilot Sgt A.S.Dove survived. The aircraft was returning from an SOE mission and was hit by flak. The seven crew members who died are commemorated on the Runnymede Memorial.

    The members of the crew were:

  • F/O E.C. Hart
  • Sgt A.S. Dove
  • Sgt K.C. Windsor
  • F/O J.D.L. Cloutier
  • Sgt K.R. Norie
  • Sgt L.C. Gay
  • Sgt S.J. Smith
  • Sgt W.H. Mudge




  • F/O Joseph Darie Louis Cloutier 138 Sqdn. (d.15th September 1943)

    Halifax JN910 NF-K, 138 Squadron, crashed in the Baltic Sea near Rugenwalde, during operation Flat 12, Poland, 14th/15th September 1943. Only the pilot Sgt A.S.Dove survived. The aircraft was returning from an SOE mission and was hit by flak. The seven crew members who died are commemorated on the Runnymede Memorial.

    The members of the crew were:

  • F/O E.C. Hart
  • Sgt A.S. Dove
  • Sgt K.C. Windsor
  • F/O J.D.L. Cloutier
  • Sgt K.R. Norie
  • Sgt L.C. Gay
  • Sgt S.J. Smith
  • Sgt W.H. Mudge




  • Sgt. Kenneth Ross Norie 138 Sqdn. (d.15th September 1943)

    Halifax JN910 NF-K, 138 Squadron, crashed in the Baltic Sea near Rugenwalde, during operation Flat 12, Poland, 14th/15th September 1943. Only the pilot Sgt A.S.Dove survived. The aircraft was returning from an SOE mission and was hit by flak. The seven crew members who died are commemorated on the Runnymede Memorial.

    The members of the crew were:

  • F/O E.C. Hart
  • Sgt A.S. Dove
  • Sgt K.C. Windsor
  • F/O J.D.L. Cloutier
  • Sgt K.R. Norie
  • Sgt L.C. Gay
  • Sgt S.J. Smith
  • Sgt W.H. Mudge




  • Sgt. Leonard Charles Gay 138 Sqdn. (d.15th September 1943)

    Halifax JN910 NF-K, 138 Squadron, crashed in the Baltic Sea near Rugenwalde, during operation Flat 12, Poland, 14th/15th September 1943. Only the pilot Sgt A.S.Dove survived. The aircraft was returning from an SOE mission and was hit by flak. The seven crew members who died are commemorated on the Runnymede Memorial.

    The members of the crew were:

  • F/O E.C. Hart
  • Sgt A.S. Dove
  • Sgt K.C. Windsor
  • F/O J.D.L. Cloutier
  • Sgt K.R. Norie
  • Sgt L.C. Gay
  • Sgt S.J. Smith
  • Sgt W.H. Mudge




  • Sgt. Sidney John Smith 138 Sqdn. (d.15th September 1943)

    Halifax JN910 NF-K, 138 Squadron, crashed in the Baltic Sea near Rugenwalde, during operation Flat 12, Poland, 14th/15th September 1943. Only the pilot Sgt A.S.Dove survived. The aircraft was returning from an SOE mission and was hit by flak. The seven crew members who died are commemorated on the Runnymede Memorial.

    The members of the crew were:

  • F/O E.C. Hart
  • Sgt A.S. Dove
  • Sgt K.C. Windsor
  • F/O J.D.L. Cloutier
  • Sgt K.R. Norie
  • Sgt L.C. Gay
  • Sgt S.J. Smith
  • Sgt W.H. Mudge




  • Sgt. William Henry Mudge 138 Sqdn. (d.15th September 1943)

    Halifax JN910 NF-K, 138 Squadron, crashed in the Baltic Sea near Rugenwalde, during operation Flat 12, Poland, 14th/15th September 1943. Only the pilot Sgt A.S.Dove survived. The aircraft was returning from an SOE mission and was hit by flak. The seven crew members who died are commemorated on the Runnymede Memorial.

    The members of the crew were:

  • F/O E.C. Hart
  • Sgt A.S. Dove
  • Sgt K.C. Windsor
  • F/O J.D.L. Cloutier
  • Sgt K.R. Norie
  • Sgt L.C. Gay
  • Sgt S.J. Smith
  • Sgt W.H. Mudge








  • Recomended Reading.

    Available at discounted prices.



    Runways to Freedom

    Robert Body


    The Nazi occupation of much of Western Europe in early 1940 posed many challenges for the British Secret Services. A high priority was to find an effective means of infiltrating and exfiltrating agents and, later, reliable methods for supplying the growing resistance movements with arms and ammunition. The work fell outside the normal duties of Raf squadrons so, in March 1940, RAF Tempsford in Bedfordshire became the base for No.138 (Sd) Squadron and No. 161 (Sd) Squadrons. Flying mainly by the light of the full moon, these two squadrons operated throughout the length and breadth of Western Europe, delivering agents and supplies. Without the agents the secret services would have been hamstrung, and without the supplies the resistance movements would have been unable to participate in the armed struggle. By the end of the war, the Squadrons had, between them, lost in excess of 600 men. This Is Their Story.
    More information on:

    Runways to Freedom










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