- No. 114 (Hong Kong) Squadron Royal Air Force during the Second World War -
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No. 114 (Hong Kong) Squadron Royal Air Force
No. 114 Squadron was first formed at Lahore, India, in September 1917
In 1936 No. 114 re-formed at Wyton as a bomber squadron flying Hinds, and later was the first squadron to be equipped with Blenheims. In December 1939, the squadron, with Blenheim IVs, was posted to Vraux, in France for reconnaissance and then employed on bombing of enemy troop columns. 114 squadron was evacuated from France in May 1940.
Early in March 1941, 114 squadron was loaned to No. 18 Group, Coastal Command, to provide convoy escorts and anti-shipping and anti-submarine patrols. They returned to Bomber Command in July. In November 1942, No. 114, moved to North Africa to support the First Army in "Operation Torch". In April 1943 the Squadron converted to Bostons was posted to Sicily, moving on to Italy in October. After the was 114 Squadron was posted to Aden and converted to Mosquitoes. On the 1st of September 1946 114 Sqaudron was renumbered No. 8 Squadron.
Airfields 114 Squadron flew from.
- Wyton. 3rd to 12th Sep 1939
- Conde-Vraux, France 12th Sep 1939 to 21st May 1940
- Nantes-Chateau Bougon, France 21st May 1940 to 31st May 1940
- Wattisham. 31st May 1940 to 10th Jun 1940
- Horsham St. Faith. 10th Jun 1940 to 10th Aug 1940
- Oulton. 10th Aug 1940 to 19th Jul 1941
- West Raynham. 19th Jul 1941 to 15th Nov 1942
- North Africa. 15th Nov 1942
- Sicily. Apr to Oct 1943
- Italy Oct 1943 to Sep 1945
- Aden. Sep 1945
11th Nov 1939 114 Squadron Benheim lost
11th Nov 1939 114 Squadron Benheim lost
14th May 1940 114 Squadron Benheim lost
31st Jul 1940 114 Squadron Blenheim lost
19th Aug 1940 114 Squadron Blenheim lost
27th Sep 1940 114 Squadron Blenheim lost
8th Aug 1941 Aircraft Lost
10th Aug 1941 Aircraft Lost
12th Aug 1941 Aircraft Lost
19th Aug 1941 114 Squadron Blenheim lost
19th Aug 1941 Aircraft Lost
23rd Aug 1941 Aircraft Lost
1st Sep 1941 Aircraft Lost
22nd Sep 1941 Aircraft Lost
12th Oct 1941 Aircraft Lost
14th Oct 1941 Aircraft Lost
15th Oct 1941 Aircraft Lost
27th Oct 1941 Aircraft Lost
27th Dec 1941 Aircraft Lost
14th Jan 1942 Aircraft Lost
17th Apr 1942 114 Squadron Lancaster lost
27th Apr 1942 114 Squadron Blenheim lost
31st May 1942 114 Squadron Blenheim lost
If you can provide any additional information, please add it here.
Those known to have served with
No. 114 (Hong Kong) Squadron Royal Air Force
during the Second World War 1939-1945.
- Barrie David. Flt.Sgt.
- Bates Derek Jones. Flt.Sgt. (d.21st Feb 1945)
- Bowman Alan Peter. (d.15th Apr 1944)
- Broom Ivor Gordon. Wing Co.
- Campbell John Bertram. Sgt. (d.12th Jun 1942)
- Cole Grahame. Sgt.
- Cook Norman Wallace. Flt.Sgt. (d.5th July 1941)
- Cook Norman Wallace. Flt.Sgt. (d.5th Jul 1941)
- Cox Charles Dudley Gough.
- Davidson William Howard. P/O. (d.15th Oct 1941)
- Dawson. Norman Frederick . P/O.
- Day Norman Buckenham. Flt. Sgt. (d.12th Jun 1942)
- Finney Francis. A/Sqn.Ldr.
- Hamilton Matthew Miller . F/Sgt
- Howden Stanley Beatty. Sgt.
- Kennedy Melville. Sq.Ldr.
- Laing David. Sgt. (d.10th Mar 1941)
- Long John George Keith. F/O. (d.28th Apr 1941)
- Mann R.. Flt.Sgt. (d.14th Jul 1941)
- Potter John Leonard. F/Sgt. (d.25th Aug 1944)
- Taylor. Norman Frank . Sergeant
- Tofts Robert Arthur. Flt.Lt.
The names on this list have been submitted by relatives, friends, neighbours and others who wish to remember them, if you have any names to add or any recollections or photos of those listed, please Add a Name to this List
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Flt. Sgt. Norman Buckenham Day pilot 114 sqd. (d.12th Jun 1942)Norman is buried in Barkingside Cemetery, Iford. His brother Raymond also lost his life whilst serving with 106 squadron.
Alan Peter Bowman 114 Sqd. Royal Air Force (d.15th Apr 1944)I am trying to find out a little about my Uncle Alan Peter Bowman who left Australia in RAAF but later became part of the 114 RAF Squadron. From family stories I believe he was shot down by the Italians over the Mediterranean Sea on 15.04.1944. If anyone has any further information about my uncle I would greatly appreciate it.Sue Richardson
A/Sqn.Ldr. Francis Finney DSO. 114 Sqd.My father was Frank Finney. At the beginning of WW2 he was sent to be a flying instructor in Rhodesia and South Africa, then in 1943 he travelled north through Africa, by land and sea, to Egypt where he converted onto Baltimores. Then he joined 55 and later 114 Sqns, converted to Boston III, then IV and finally in early 1945 to Boston V, as they progressed through Italy when the Germans retreated. The task was to hinder the Germans as much as possible. There was much 'flak'.
In Feb 1945 my father led a raid on railway marshalling yards and his a/c was set alight by flak. His comms with the crew in the belly of the a/c ceased to operate and although he gave the command to bale out, he was unaware if this had happened so felt unable to bale out himself and elected to stay with the a/c as long as possible. The heat was intense and the a/c was at imminent risk of explosion owing to the proximity of flames and fuel. Nevertheless he got back to the nearest airfield across the line and managed to pump down the under carriage manually although he had no idea whether it had lowered or not or if the tyres were OK. But he landed successfully. The charred remains of the mid-upper gunner were in the fuselage but the other 2 crew had gone. It was discovered later that one had been hidden and repatriated by Partisans whilst the other had died owing to a burning 'chute. Flt Lt Finney was awarded the DSO and given acting rank of Sqn Ldr.
The Wing was at Aviano, NE Italy, when the war ended. Sqn Ldr Finney, having been overseas since 1940, was repatriated in May 45, flying a Boston to Marseilles to catch a troopship. Little did he realise that day, it was to be his final flight in the RAF. His pre-war civilian employers, discovering he was home on leave, asked the Air Ministry to release him, this was agreed and he found himself back as Clerk of the County Court in Stoke. Frank Finney died aged 87 in 2005.Steve Finney
Flt.Sgt. R. Mann 114 Â Squadron (d.14th Jul 1941)I found this picture of the grave marker of R.Mann of 114 Squadron from RAF Thornaby in my grandfather's collection in Norway.Staale Grude Haaland
Sgt. John Bertram Campbell 114 Sqd. (d.12th Jun 1942)My wife's uncle Sgt. John Bertram Campbell RAF(VR) was killed by a stray German bomb on the Eagle Pub in Kings Lynn on June 12th 1942. I am trying to find some more information, can anyone help?Phil Simpkin
F/Sgt. John Leonard Potter 114 Squadron (d.25th Aug 1944)This is the story of my late mum's "baby" brother John Potter that I never remember meeting. I am now doing my Family History and found details and photos of him which my mum had kept. I have the last letter which he wrote to her on 22nd July 1944, just one month before his plane crashed in the sea on the 25th August 1944 and he was drowned. He was only 21 years old and such a handsome young man with his life ahead of him. I also have the letter from F/L D. G. Smith, Adjutant, informing my grand parents that his body had been recovered from the sea on the 3rd September and buried that day in the Allied Cemetery,nearby at Florence. I have a picture of the grave showing his number and name. Also the letter from the Air Ministry dated 10th January 1945 detailing the balance of monies due to my grandmother who was to inherit under his will. The amount was £80, 17 shilling and 10pence, not much for a life was it? He was just one of many who gave their lives, long may they be remembered.Rita Keeler
Sgt. Stanley Beatty "Mick" Howden 114 SquadronMy dad, Stanley Howden, served in the RAF 114 Squadron. Apparently he was a gunner on a Boston Bomber. He spoke very little of the war- I know that he burst an eardrum on one mission. He was very proud of the squadron and wore with pride, the badge of 114 Squadron on his blazer. He lived for many years in London and had a wife a three daughters. Later in life he and my mother moved to Weeting in Norfolk.Linda Coleman
Flt.Sgt. David Barrie A Flight 114 SqadronDavid Robertson Barrie served with 114 Squadron from March 1944 as an air gunner. His pilots were F/Sgt Knight and Sgt Hibbs. His Squadron leader in April and June was F Finney O.C. A' flight then W/Cmdr D O Paton.David Barrie Jnr
Flt.Sgt. Norman Wallace Cook 114 Squadron (d.5th July 1941)I have a photo of the grave of F/Sgt Cook probably taken 1940/50's.Nigel
Sgt. Grahame "Gus" Cole 114 SquadronIan Cole
Sgt. David Laing 114 Sqd. (d.10th Mar 1941)David Laing who died aged 21 whilst serving as a Wireless Operator with the RAF, was the son of William and Mabel Laing (nee Holstead) of Jarrow.
David is buried in Jarrow Cemetery and is commemorated on the WW2 Roll of Honour Plaque in the entrance of Jarrow Town Hall.Vin Mullen
F/O. John George Keith Long 114 Sqd (d.28th Apr 1941)I am researching the loss of Bristol Blenheim IV V6022 and her crew from 114 Squadron. They took of from Thornaby at 18.00hrs on the 28th of April 1941 on escort duty for Convoy FN 59 with a crew of:
- Flying Officer John George Keith Long Pilot
- Pilot Officer Norman Frederick Dawson Nav
- Sergeant Norman Frank Taylor Air Gunner
The aircraft crashed 2 miles from the airfields flare path at 23.14 hrs returning from the op. Any information that anybody could provide regarding the crew, the aircraft or the actual crash would be gratefully accepted as I am trying to put something together regarding the background to the crash and the crew involved.Jonathan Shipley
Flt.Sgt. Norman Wallace Cook 114 Squadron (d.5th Jul 1941)Norman Wallace Cook was the son of William and Lilian Cook (sister of my husband's grandfather) and husband of Murielle Raie Cook. From research it would appear that Sergeant Cook together with his crew of Sergeant W. Jenkins and Sergeant B.W.F. Bates took off in formation to attack floating dock and shipping in Bergen Harbour. His Bristol Blenheim IV was either shot down or crashed. Norman was aged 27 at the date of his death, Bates W.Op/Air Gunner was aged 20. Unfortunately there is no information regarding Sergeant Jenkins. Sergeant Cook and Sergeant Bates rest locally in Mollendal Church Cemetery, Bergen, and Sergeant Jenkins is commemorated at Runnymede Memorial.Denniese Haynes
P/O. William Howard Davidson 114 Sqdn. (d.15th Oct 1941)William Howard Davidson (known as Howard) was born on 19th February 1919 and was the oldest of five children of Franklin Bertram and Sarah Davidson. He lived in Preston, Waterloo County, Ontario, Canada (Preston is now part of Cambridge, Ontario). He always wanted to learn to fly. He completed Course Number 14 at RCAF Camp Borden held November 1929 to February 1941. He was assigned to 114 Squadron at West Raynham, UK. On October 15, 1941 his Bristol Blenheim L9382J was shot down over the North Sea on an anti-shipping patrol in which they attacked a convoy of 15-20 ships. One of the other planes lost was located some 130km WNW of Den Helder, Holland. His plane has not been located. Flying with him that day were Sgt. D.G. Peppler and Sgt. E.K. Saul. All were lost. His named is inscribed on the Runnymede Memorial in Surrey, England.Sharon Halpenny
Charles Dudley Gough Cox 114 SquadronCharles Cox Qualified as Air Crew Wireless Operator (WOP sending and receiving morse at 18 words per minute) with effect from 6th of August 1941 at Yatesbury. He Qualified as Air Gunner (AG) with effect from 25th of July 1942 at No1 A.G.S Pembrey.
From 26th of August 1942 to 3rd of October he flew with 42 O.T.U from Andover as a WOP/AG. From the 19th of October to 30th of November he flew from Ashbourne WOP/AG, then during December from Thruxton. In January they moved to Hartford Bridge and on the 21st of February returned to Ashbourne. Charles and his crew transferred to 301 flight training unit on the 12th of March 1943 at RAF Lyneham qualifying on the 20th of March 1943. On the 4th of April they joined 13 Squadron at Oulmene, then transferring to 114 Squadron on the 20th of May 1943, flying from Grombalia until the 7th of August 1943. They moved to Comiso, Sicily from 9th to the 28th of August then flew from Gerbini, Sicily from the 1st to 14th of September. From the 20th to 30th of October they were based at Brindisi in Italy, then from the 1st of November 1943 to the 30th of April 1944 they flew from Foggia I, Italy. On the 1st of May until the 2nd of June they flew from Marcianese. On the 23rd of September 1945 Charlie joined 10 Squadron at Mount Batten, Plymouth. He flew a total 62 Bombing Raids and his log book is signed by Flight Lt C.H Thomas Commanding Officer.Sharon Jefferies
Flt.Lt. Robert Arthur Tofts 114 SquadronMy father Robert Tofts was a sergeant in the Volunteer Reserves. He served with 114 Squadron in Blenheim IVs. His log books show a variety of aircraft and operations. He remained in the RAF until 1964 when he retired. He was also with 55 Squadron for a time. Whilst I have a variety of photographs I am attaching a picture of the entire 114 Squadron. I am not certain when this was taken but suspect it was circa 1940. I met Richard Rook (Dickie) who died approx 4-5 years ago. Some people may recognise some of members of the Squadron in this photograph. Father was commissioned in 1944 and retired as a Flt/lt.
I also attach two photgraphs of my father (extreme left) with W/C Monson, Flt/Lt Adam and Flt/Lt Bedford. This was taken in January 1946 in Elmas, Sardinia. The aircraft is a Buckingham which was on a test flight at the time.Ian Tofts
Wing Co. Ivor Gordon Broom DSO, DFC. 163 SquadronIvor Broom was born at Cardiff on June 2 1920 where his father was district manager for the Prudential Assurance Company and a Baptist preacher. Ivor was educated at the Boys' County School, Pontypridd. When he was 17, Broom passed the Civil Service exam and began work with the Inland Revenue.
He joined the RAF in 1940 and was posted to No 114 Squadron at the rank of Sergeant, where he flew Bristol Blenheim bombers against targets in the Channel along the French and Dutch coasts as well as in Germany. In September 1941 he was detailed to lead six Blenheims to Malta, en route to reinforce Singapore. At Malta Air Vice Marshal Hugh Lloyd commandeered Broom and his aircraft due to the heavy losses his squadron had suffered, leaving the other five planes to proceed to the Far East. Broom was then transferred to 107 Squadron, which was engaged in attacks upon Axis shipping, and land targets in North Africa and Italy.
During 1941 Broom was promoted to Pilot Officer. On November 17 1941 he bombed and set ablaze a 4,000-ton ship in the Gulf of Sirte, and helped attack a destroyer for which he was awarded the DFC. By January 1942 when he returned to England he had survived 43 operations with 107 Squadron.
After his return from Malta, Broom took an instructor's course at the Central Flying School at Upavon, and he then spent a year there teaching novice Blenheim pilots how to attack at low level. Later he became an instructor for pilots on the de Havilland Mosquito twin-engined fighter-bombers for No 8 Pathfinder Group.
In May 1944 Broom went back onto operational flying and joined No 571 squadron, flying the Mosquito XVI. There he teaming up with his navigator (and namesake), Flt Lt Tommy Broom, and they became known as the 'Flying Brooms' and had their plane emblazoned with crossed broomsticks. At this time 571 squadron was part of the Light Night Striking Force (LNSF) making targeted raids into Germany. In their Mosquito - modified to carry a 4,000lb bomb known as 'cookies' they made numerous raids over Germany undertaking precision bombing of selected targets. They also excelled at mine-laying, and Ivor Broom was awarded his second DFC followed a neat low-level operation in which he dropped mines in the path of shipping in the Dortmund-Ems canal. On another raid the Flying Brooms with two fighters on their tail dropped a cookie up the mouth of a railway tunnel in Germany, for which Ivor Broom received a second Bar to his DFC.
In autumn 1944 he was promoted acting squadron leader in command of a flight in No 128 (another LNSF Mosquito squadron). A few months later he was appointed acting wing commander to lead No 163 Squadron. Tommy Broom, now DFC and Bar, joined him as squadron navigation officer. The pair then led a series of brilliant offensive operations over Germany and Occupied Europe. When the war in Europe ended on May 8 1945, the Flying Brooms had undertaken 58 missions together (including 22 raids on Berlin). Ivor Broom was awarded a DSO, and Tommy a third DFC.
After VE Day, Broom was posted to Ceylon, but was spared further action by the Japanese surrender.
Ivor Broom remained in the RAF for the rest of his career, commanding No 28 Spitfire fighter squadron in Singapore and then 57 squadron flying English Electric Canberra jet bombers. In 1955 Broom piloted a specially-modified Canberra from Ottawa to London via the North Pole after which Broom was awarded the AFC. In 1956 he was made responsible for the Bomber Command Development Unit at Wittering, where he led intensive trials on Valiants and Canberras of the nascent nuclear deterrent, V-Force. In 1959 he moved into the Air Secretary's department until 1962, when he was appointed station commander at RAF Bruggen in Germany. Following a year at the Imperial Defence College, two years at the Ministry of Defence, and a spell as commandant of the Central Flying School (relocated by then to Rissington), Broom took command in 1970 of No 11 fighter Group. He was appointed CB in 1972, and KCB in 1975. He concluded his RAF career as controller of National Air Traffic Services and retired in 1980.
He died on the 24th January 2003.
Flt.Sgt. Derek Jones Bates 114 Sdqn. (d.21st Feb 1945)Derek Bates was a volunteer RAF navigator. He was in a Boston Mark IV taking part in an armed reconnaissance flight on 21st of February 1945. His plane was shot down in the sea off the coast of Falconara, Italy. Wreckage was found, but no trace of the crew. Crew names are on the Malta Memorial, Floriana, Valletta.G Davies
Sq.Ldr. Melville "Bush" Kennedy 114 Sqdn.My father flew Bristol Blenheims with 114 Squadron. He was shot down on 31st July 1944. After being in various camps, he fetched up at Sagan (twice). He was there during the Great Escape and the Wooden Horse Escapes. I understand he was a hut leader at Sagan. I have spoken to Red Eames who was there with him and who is contactable through the Blenheim Society. I would love to know if anyone else out there knew my father and has any stories to tell. Unfortunately, Bush died in 1978.Angus Kennedy
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