You are not logged in.
No. 54 Squadron Royal Air Force in the Second World War 1939-1945 - The Wartime Memories Project -

The Wartime Memories Project

- No. 54 Squadron Royal Air Force during the Second World War -

Air Force Index
skip to content

This website uses cookies. By continuing to use this site you agree to accept cookies.

If you enjoy this site

please consider making a donation.

    Site Home

    WW2 Home

    Add Stories

    WW2 Search

 WW2 Features


    Allied Army

    Allied Air Forces

    Allied Navy

    Axis Forces

    Home Front

    Prisoners of War

    Allied Ships

    Women at War

    Those Who Served



    The Great War


    Add Stories

    Time Capsule

    TWMP on Facebook

    Childrens Bookshop


    Your Family History


    Contact us




World War 2 Two II WW2 WWII

No. 54 Squadron Royal Air Force

   No 54 Squadron was formed at Castle Bromwich on 15th May 1916. Initially tasked with Home Defence duties, at the end of the year it was sent to the Western Front, the first RFC Squadron to be equipped with the Sopwith Pup fighter, escorting reconnaissance and bombing missions. The final months of the Great War were spent flying Camels in ground attack as well as fighter sorties. The Squadron was disbanded in 1919.

The squadron reformed on 15 January 1930 at Hornchurch, once again in the fighter role. It was equipped with Spitfires in March 1939.


28th October 1939 Defence

28th April 1940 Change of Duty

23rd May 1940 Rescue

24th May 1940 In Action

25th May 1940 In Action

25th May 1940 Aircraft Lost

26th May 1940 Protection Duty

27th May 1940 Aircraft Lost

28th May 1940 Aircraft Lost

28th May 1940 Aircraft Lost

24th Jul 1940 In Action

24th July 1940 Battle of the Thames Estuary

25th July 1940 Channel Convoy attacked

28th July 1940 Move

11th August 1940  Ports and ships attacked

12th August 1940 Battle of Britain

15th Aug 1940 Eagle Day

16th August 1940 Eagle Day

18th August 1940 Airfields attacked

22nd August 1940 Battle of Britain

24th August 1940  Airfields bombed

28th August 1940 ` Battle of Britain

1st Sept 1940 Air battle over Kent

3rd September 1940 Battle of Britain

3rd September 1940 Airfields bombed

23rd February 1941 Move

17th Nov 1941 On the Move

2nd June 1942 Prepared for move to Australia

January 1943 RAF in Australia

February 1943 Recce

October 1945   No.54 Squadron, having done pretty much every mission a fighter pilot could imagine, came out of World War II as the top scoring RAF fighter unit - with an impressive haul of 131 confirmed kills. Ninety-seven of these kills were Messerschmitt Bf109s, a formidable opponent. They added to their tally in Australia until the war moved too far out of range as the Japanese retreated.

Airfields No. 54 Squadron flew from.

  • RAF Hornchurch, Essex
  • RAF Rochford, Essex from 28th October 1939
  • RAF Hornchurch from 3rd November 1939
  • RAF Rochford from 17th November 1939
  • RAF Hornchurch from 2nd December 1939
  • RAF Rochford from 16th December 1939
  • RAF Hornchurch from 29th December 1939
  • RAF Rochford from 16th January 1940
  • RAF Hornchurch from 14th February 1940
  • RAF Rochford from 23rd March 1940
  • RAF Catterick, Yorkshire from 28th April 1940
  • RAF Hornchurch from 4th May 1940
  • RAF Rochford from 25th June 1940
  • RAF Hornchurch from 24th July 1940
  • RAF Catterick from 28th July 1940
  • RAF Hornchurch from 8th August 1940
  • RAF Catterick from 3rd September 1940
  • RAF Hornchurch from 23rd February 1941
  • RAF Rochford from 31st March 1941
  • RAF Hornchurch from 20th May 1941
  • NRF Debden, Essex from 11th June 1941
  • RAF Hornchurch from 13th June 1941
  • RAF Martlesham Heath, Suffolk from 4th August 1941
  • RAF Hornchurch from 25th August 1941
  • RAF Castletown, Caithness from 17th November 1941
  • RAF Willingore, Lincolnshire from 2nd June 1942 to 19th June 1942
  • RAAF Ascot Vale, Melbourne, Victoria from 13th August 1942 (without aircraft)
  • RAAF Richmond, Syndney, NSW from 24th August 1942
  • RAAF Sydney from 13th January 1943
  • RAAF Parap, Darwin, NT from 25th January 1943 (resumed operations)
  • RAAF Potshot, Exmouth Gulf Western Australia from 9th May 1944
  • RAF Livingstone, NT from 19th May 1944
  • RAAF Parap from 23rd October 1945
  • RAAF Melbourne from 30 October 1945 (disbanded)
 More info.

October 1945 

If you can provide any additional information, please add it here.

Those known to have served with

No. 54 Squadron Royal Air Force

during the Second World War 1939-1945.

  • Rae Nicol David. Cpl.

The names on this list have been submitted by relatives, friends, neighbours and others who wish to remember them, if you have any names to add or any recollections or photos of those listed, please Add a Name to this List

The Wartime Memories Project is the original WW1 and WW2 commemoration website.


  • The 1st of September 2017 is The Wartime Memories Project's 18th Birthday. If you would like to send us a present, a donation, no matter how small, would be much appreciated, annually we need to raise enough funds to pay for our web hosting or this site will vanish from the web.
  • To commemorate the 70th anniversary of VE Day, we are launching a new feature, Second World War Day by Day and also a new Library to allow access to records which have previously been held in our offline archive.
  • Looking for help with Family History Research?   Please read our Family History FAQ's
  • The Wartime Memories Project is run by volunteers and this website is funded by donations from our visitors. If the information here has been helpful or you have enjoyed reaching the stories please conside making a donation, no matter how small, would be much appreciated, annually we need to raise enough funds to pay for our web hosting or this site will vanish from the web. In these difficult times current donations are falling far short of this target.
    If you enjoy this site

    please consider making a donation.

  • We are also looking for volunteers to help with the website. We currently have a huge backlog of submissions which need to be edited for display online, if you have a good standard of written English, an interest in the two World Wars and a little time to spare online we would appreciate your help. For more information please see our page on Volunteering.

Research your own Family History.

Dec 2017 - Please note we currently have a large backlog of submitted material, our volunteers are working through this as quickly as possible and all names, stories and photos will be added to the site. If you have already submitted a story to the site and your UID reference number is higher than 237716, your information is still in the queue, please do not resubmit without contacting us first.


We are aware of the issue with missing images, this is due to the redesign of the website, images will reappear as soon as the new version of the page is completed, thank you for your patience.

We are now on Facebook. Like this page to receive our updates.

If you have a general question please post it on our Facebook page.

Wanted: Digital copies of Group photographs, Scrapbooks, Autograph books, photo albums, newspaper clippings, letters, postcards and ephemera relating to WW2. We would like to obtain digital copies of any documents or photographs relating to WW2 you may have at home.

If you have any unwanted photographs, documents or items from the First or Second World War, please do not destroy them. The Wartime Memories Project will give them a good home and ensure that they are used for educational purposes. Please get in touch for the postal address, do not sent them to our PO Box as packages are not accepted. World War 1 One ww1 wwII greatwar great
Did you know? We also have a section on The Great War. and a Timecapsule to preserve stories from other conflicts for future generations.

Cpl. Nicol David Rae 54 Squadron

David Rae served with 54 and 95 Squadron.

Sara Brown

Recomended Reading.

Available at discounted prices.


    Suggest a link

    The Wartime Memories Project is a non profit organisation run by volunteers.

    This website is paid for out of our own pockets, library subscriptions and from donations made by visitors. The popularity of the site means that it is far exceeding available resources.

    If you are enjoying the site, please consider making a donation, however small to help with the costs of keeping the site running.

    Hosted by:

    The Wartime Memories Project Website

    is archived for preservation by the British Library

    Website Copyright MCMXCIX - MMXVII
    - All Rights Reserved