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No. 144 Squadron
No 144 Squadron RFC was formed in 1918 at Port Said, Egypt, under the Palestine Brigade, Royal Air Force. It played an important role in the capture of the Turkish Fourth Army, and was disbanded in February 1919.
No 144 was re-formed as a bomber unit in 1937, flying Handley Page Hampdens at the outbreak of WWII, for armed reconnaissance over the North Sea. In February 1940 it dropped propaganda leaflets over Hamburg and other towns, flown security patrols and attacked a mine laying seaplane base at Hornum. No 144 operated with Bomber Command until 1942 with night-bombing attacks and mine laying expeditions, some daylight bombing of German warships and some night-intruder operations. In April 1942, No 144 was transferred to Coastal Command, a detachment moving to north Russia to protect Arctic convoys. The squadron then moved to Scotland at the end of 1942 for anti-submarine patrols and shipping strikes. It converted to Beaufighters in early 1943, flying them from North Africa for attacks on shipping in the Mediterranean. In 1944, No 144 covered the west flank of the Normandy landings and help destroy German naval forces in western France. It joined a strike wing in Lincolnshire for attacks on enemy convoys off the Dutch coast, and in September 1944 a detachment went to Scotland for similar missions off Norway. In early 1945 it became an anti-flak unit, and disbanded in May 1945.
Airfields No. 144 Squadron flew from:
- RAF Hemswell, Lincolnshire, from 3rd September 1939 (Hampden I)
- RAF North Luffenham, Rutland, from 17th July 1941 (to Coastal Command)
- RAF Leuchars, Fife, from 21st April 1942 (ex-Bomber Command. Hampden I, Beaufighter VIc)
- Blida, Algeria from 25th June 1943
- Protville 2, from 30th June 1943
- RAF Tain, Caithness from 5th August 1943
- RAF Wick, Caithness, from October 1943
- RAF Davidstow Moore, Cornwall, from April 1944
- RAF Strubby, Lincolnshire, from 1st July 1944
- RAF Banff, Aberdeenshire, from September 1944
- RAF Dallachy, Caithness, from October 1944
- disbanded 25th May 1945
List of those who served with No. 144 Squadron during The Second World War
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