- RAF Aldermaston during the Second World War -
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RAF Aldermaston was located 8 miles (13 km) southeast of Newbury, Berkshire, it as was opened by No. 92 Group RAF on the 1st of July 1942, and was handed over to the United States Army Air Forces in August. Aldermaston became home to the Eighth Air Force 60th Troop Carrier Group which arrived from RAF Chelveston and RAF Podington with their Flying Douglas C-47s and C-54 Skytrains. 60th TCG trained with paratroops until 6th of November when they moved to Relizane Airfield, Algeria. On 25th of November 1942 107th Observation Squadron, 67th Observation Group arrived from RAF Membury flying A-20s, L-4s and Supermarine Spitfires until the 8th of January 1943 when they moved back to Membury. On 12th of December 24 C-47s and C-53s of the 315th Troop Carrier Group arrived from Florence Army Airfield, South Carolina via Montford Bridge Shropshire, where they had made an emergency landing. On 25th of May, twenty-one of 315th's aircraft flew to Algeria to support the invasions of Sicily and Italy. On 6th of November 1943 the remaining aircraft were reassigned to the Ninth Air Force and moved to RAF Welford. In December 1943 the 15th Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron, 73d Tactical Reconnaissance Group, arrived from Esler Field, Louisiana without their aircraft. They were transferred to RAF Middle Wallop. On 12th Feb 1944 370th Fighter Group arrived from Bradley Field, Connecticut, they moved to RAF Andover. 434th Troop Carrier Group arrived from RAF Fulbeck on 3rd of March 1944 and remained at Aldermaston until 12 February 1945 moving to an Advanced Landing Ground at Mourmclon-le-Grand, France.
Aldermaston was returned to the Air Ministry on 15 June 1945. After the war it was in use as a flying school, where more than 1,000 former RAF pilots retrained to fly civilian aircraft.
Units based at RAF Aldermaston:
- 318th Service Group (53d Troop Carrier Wing)
- 458th Service Squadron
- 459th Service Squadron
- HHS 318th Service Group
- 21st Weather Squadron
- 40th Mobile Communications Squadron
- 819th Medical Air Evacuation Transportation Squadron (53d Troop Carrier Wing)
- 97th Station Complement Squadron
- 1052nd Quartermaster Company
- 1068th Quartermaster Company
- 1075th Signal Company
- 1229th Military Police Company
- 1465th Ordnance Medium Maintenance Company
- 2249th Quartermaster Truck Company
- 2142nd Engineer Fire Fighting Platoon
- Detachment ZB (40th Mobile Communications Squadron)
- Weather Detachment ZB
- 10th Troop Carrier Squadron (from 7th August 1942)
- 11th Troop Carrier Squadron (from 15th August 1942)
- 12th Troop Carrier Squadron (from 15th August 1942)
- 28th Troop Carrier Squadron (from 7th August 1942)
- 315th Troop Carrier Group
- CG-4A Waco Glider of the 315th Troop Carrier Group (1943)
- 34th Troop Carrier Squadron
- 43d Troop Carrier Squadron
- 15th Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron
- 370th Fighter Group
- 401st Fighter Squadron
- 402d Fighter Squadron
- 485th Fighter Squadron
- 434th Troop Carrier Group
74th Troop Carrier Squadron.
- 72d Troop Carrier Squadron.
- 71st Troop Carrier Squadron
- 72d Troop Carrier Squadron
- 73d Troop Carrier Squadron
- 74th Troop Carrier Squadron
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Those known to have served at
during the Second World War 1939-1945.
- Lesmes George. S/Sgt.
The names on this list have been submitted by relatives, friends, neighbours and others who wish to remember them, if you have any names to add or any recollections or photos of those listed, please Add a Name to this List
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S/Sgt. George Lesmes 12th Tactical Reconaissance SquadronMy grandfather, George Lesmes, served in the USAAF Staff Seargent in the 12th Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron linked to 67th TRS Group and stationed here in the UK during 1942-1944. He was based at various bases throughout England during this time; Membury from Sept 1942, Aldermaston, Chilbolton, Middle Wallop left 1944 for France. I was wondering if anyone has any photographs?Nigel O'Hanlon
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