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HMS Vanguard in the Great War - The Wartime Memories Project -

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- HMS Vanguard during the Great War -


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HMS Vanguard



   

HMS Vanguard

HMS Vanguard, the ninth vessel to bear the name, was ordered in 1907 and built at Vickers Barrow-in-Furness, She was laid on the 2nd of April 1908, Launched on the 22nd of February 1909 and Commissioned on 1st of March 1910. Vanguard was a St. Vincent-class dreadnought battleship with a displacement of 19,560 t. Length: 152.4 m (500 ft) Beam: 25.6 m (84 ft) Draught: 8.7 m (28.5 ft). Her propulsion was 4 shaft Parsons turbines, coal-fired boilers, 24,500 shp, giving a top speed of21.7 knots (40.2 km/h) She had a range of 6,900 nautical miles (12,780 km) at 10 knots (19 km/h) and her crew complement was 758 officers and ratings. She was armed with:

  • 10 BL 12-inch (304.8 mm) Mk XI guns (52)
  • 12 BL 4-inch (101.6 mm) Mk VII guns
  • 1 4 inch AA gun
  • 1 3 inch AA gun
  • 3 18 inch torpedo tubes (submerged)
At the outbreak of World War I, Vanguard joined the First Battle Squadron at Scapa Flow, and fought in the Battle of Jutland as part of the Fourth Battle Squadron. As one of twenty-four dreadnoughts in Jellicoe's Battle Fleet, she did not suffer any damage or casualties.

Just before midnight on 9 July 1917 at Scapa Flow, Vanguard suffered an explosion, probably caused by an unnoticed stokehold fire heating cordite stored against an adjacent bulkhead in one of the two magazines which served the amidships gun turrets 'P' and 'Q'. She sank almost instantly, killing an estimated 804 men and there were only two survivors. One of the casualties of the disaster was Captain Kyōsuke Eto, a military observer from the Imperial Japanese Navy, which was allied with the Royal Navy at the time through the Anglo-Japanese Alliance.

The site is now designated as a controlled site under the Protection of Military Remains Act. In terms of loss of life, the destruction of the Vanguard remains the most catastrophic accidental explosion in the history of the UK, and one of the worst accidental losses of the Royal Navy.

John Doran


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Want to know more about HMS Vanguard?


There are:1 articles tagged HMS Vanguard available in our Library

  These include information on officers service records, letters, diaries, personal accounts and information about actions during the Great War.


Those known to have served in

HMS Vanguard

during the Great War 1914-1918.

  • Barton Enoch. Able Sea. (d.9th Jul 1917)
  • Brideoake John Thomas. Pte. (d.9th July 1917)
  • Lewis Albert Thomas. Stkr1.

The names on this list have been submitted by relatives, friends, neighbours and others who wish to remember them, if you have any names to add or any recollections or photos of those listed, please Add a Name to this List


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Aug 2017

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Want to know more about HMS Vanguard?


There are:1 articles tagged HMS Vanguard available in our Library





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