- HMS Resolution during the Great War -
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1st July 1914 HMS Resolution
HMS Resolution, Revenge Class Battleship, was built by Palmers Shipbuilding and Engineering, Tyneside, laid down 29 November 1913, launched 14 January 1915 and commissioned on 30 December 1916. She was broken up in Faslane 1949.
The Revenge-class battleships (listed as Royal Sovereign class in several editions of Jane's Fighting Ships, as with the 1919 and 1931 editions, and sometimes also known as the "R" class) were five battleships of the Royal Navy, ordered as World War I loomed on the horizon, and launched in 1914–1916.
There were originally to have been eight of the class, but two were later redesigned, becoming the Renown-class battle cruisers, while the other, which was to have been named HMS Resistance, was cancelled.
- Class overview : Revenge class battleships
- Operators: Royal Navy and (one ship as "war loan", 1944–45 for Soviet Navy)
- Preceded by: Queen Elizabeth class, Succeeded by: N3 class (planned) Nelson class (actual), In commission: 1916–1949.
- Planned:8 - HMS Revenge(ex-Renown), Resolution, Royal Oak, Royal Sovereign, Ramilles, Resistance, Renown and Repulse
- Completed:5 - Revenge, Resolution, Royal Oak, Royal Sovereign and Ramilles.
- Cancelled:3 - (Resistance and 2 re-ordered to different design Renown and Repulse (as Renown type Battle Cruisers))
- Displacement: 29,150 tons standard, 33,500 tons full load
- Length: 624 ft (190 m), Beam: 88.5 ft (27.0 m), Draught: 28.6 ft (8.7 m)
- Propulsion: Steam turbines, 4 shafts, 24 boilers, 26,500 shp (20 MW)
- Speed: 21 knots (39 km/h), Range: 5,000 nmi (9,000 km) at 12 knots (22 km/h)
- Ships Complement: 997–1,150 officers and ratings
- 8 × 15 in /42 guns (381 mm)
- 14 × BL 6-inch (152.4 mm) Mk XII guns
- 2 × QF 3-inch (76.20 mm) 20 cwt anti-aircraft guns
- 4 × 47 mm guns
- 4 × 21 in (533 mm) torpedo tubes (submerged)
- Belt: 13 in (330 mm) amidships; 4–6 in (102–152 mm) ends
- Deck: up to 5 in (127 mm)
- Turrets: 13 in (330 mm) faces; 5 in (127 mm) sides; 5 in (127 mm) roof
- Barbettes: up to 10 in (254 mm)
- Citadel: 11 in (279 mm)
Resolution was laid down at Palmers Shipbuilding and Iron Company, Jarrow on 29 November 1913, launched on 14 January 1915, and commissioned on 30 December 1916. From 1916 to 1919, she served in the 1st Battle Squadron (United Kingdom) of the Grand Fleet. Between the wars, she served in the Atlantic Fleet and Mediterranean Fleet, with the exception of a short refit in 1930–31.
On 10 January 1924 Resolution ran into and sank the British submarine HMS L24 as she was surfacing.
World War II service
On the outbreak of World War II, Resolution was part of the Home Fleet, and carried out convoy escort duties in the Atlantic. Whilst supporting the Narvik campaign in May 1940, she was struck by a bomb at Tjeldsundet. In June, 1940 she joined 'Force H' at Gibraltar, and took part in the destruction of the French Fleet at Mers-el-Kebir on 3 July 1940.
In September 1940, Resolution joined 'Force M' at Freetown, shelling French warships at the Battle of Dakar on 24 September 1940. The next day, she was torpedoed by the French submarine Bévéziers and badly damaged.
Following repairs in the United States, Resolution departed in February 1942 for Colombo, and served in the Indian Ocean during 1942 and 1943.
She returned to Great Britain in September 1943 and became a stokers' training ship in 1944 as part of the establishment HMS Imperieuse. HMS Resolution was sold for scrap on 5 May 1948 and broken up at Faslane.
One of Resolution's 15-inch guns, which was later fitted to the monitor HMS Roberts, is on display at the Imperial War Museum in London.John Doran
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