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HMS Marlborough in the Great War - The Wartime Memories Project -

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- HMS Marlborough during the Great War -

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HMS Marlborough

1st July 1914 HMS Marlborough  

HMS Marlborough

HMS Marlborough was an Iron Duke-class battleship of the Royal Navy, named in honour of John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, and launched in 1912. In World War I she served in the 1st Battle Squadron of the Grand Fleet based at Scapa Flow. She fought at the Battle of Jutland, 31 May 1916, where she was hit by a torpedo, killing two and injuring two.

Iron Duke Class overview
Preceded by: King George V class
Succeeded by: Queen Elizabeth class
Planned: 4 Completed: 4 : Iron Duke, Benbow, Marlborough and Emperor of India

General characteristics

  • Type: Battleship
  • Displacement: 25,000 tons / 29,500 full load
  • Length: 622 ft 9 in (189.8 m) , Beam: 90 ft (27.4 m), Draught: 32 ft 9 in (9.98 m)
  • Propulsion: 4 shaft Parsons steam turbines, direct drive, 18 Babcock & Wilcox or Yarrow boilers delivering 29,000 hp
  • Speed: 21.25 knots (39.4 km/h)
  • Range: 14,000 nm at 10 knots (18.5 km/h)
  • Armament:
  • 10 BL 13.5-inch (342.9 mm) Mk V guns (5 twin turrets)
  • 12 BL 6-inch (152.4 mm) Mk VII guns (single mounts)
  • 2 QF 3 inch 20 cwt AA guns
  • 4 21-inch (533 mm) torpedo tubes
  • Armour
  • Belt: 12 in
  • Bulkheads: 8 in
  • Barbettes: 10 in
  • Turrets: 11 in
  • Decks: 2.5 in

Marlborough was ordered under the 1911 Naval Estimates and the contract to build her was awarded to Devonport Dockyard, of Plymouth. She was laid down on 25 January 1912 and launched on 24 October 1912. She was commissioned in June 1914, the second of the Iron Dukes to do so, behind her sister HMS Iron Duke. She cost in region of 2,043,437. The month after commissioning she joined the 1st Battle Squadron of the Grand Fleet, then based at Scapa Flow.

Service history

Along with the remainder of the 1st battle squadron, of which she was its flagship until February 1917, Marlborough saw action at the battle of Jutland. After firing 162 13.5 inch shells, she was hit by a torpedo that killed two and wounded two others. Marlborough had to be towed back to port with a slight list. After repairs were finished on 29 July 1916, she returned to the Grand Fleet.

In 1919, in the Russian Civil War, Marlborough was on duty in the Black Sea and, on orders of King George V, rescued his aunt, Dowager Empress Maria Feodorovna, and other members of the Russian Imperial Family, including Grand Duke Nicholas and Prince Felix Yusupov.

John Doran

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There are:1 articles tagged HMS Marlborough available in our Library

  These include information on officers service records, letters, diaries, personal accounts and information about actions during the Great War.

Those known to have served in

HMS Marlborough

during the Great War 1914-1918.

  • Hardy Norman Arthur Cyril. Sub Lt.

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Want to know more about HMS Marlborough?

There are:1 articles tagged HMS Marlborough available in our Library

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