- HMS Majestic during the Great War -
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1st September 1914 U-Boat Index - WW1 SM U-21
Type U 19 Shipyard Kaiserliche Werft, Danzig (Werk 15) Ordered 25 Nov 1910 Laid down 27 Oct 1911 Launched 8 Feb 1913 Commissioned 22 Oct 1913.
22 Oct 1913 - 31 Aug 1918 Otto Hersing 1 Sep 1918 - 11 Nov 1918 Friedrich Klein
Career 11 patrols.
start date unknown - 4 Mar 1917 Pola Flotilla.
1 Aug 1914 - 5 Jun 1915 III Flotilla.
5 Jun 1915 - end date unknown Constantinople Flotilla.
4 Mar 1917 - 11 Nov 1918 III Flotilla.
Successes 36 ships sunk with a total of 79,005 tons.
2 ships damaged with a total of 8,918 tons.
4 warships sunk with a total of 34,575 tons.
- 5 Sep 1914 U 21 Otto Hersing Pathfinder (hms) 2,940 br
- 23 Nov 1914 U 21 Otto Hersing Malachite 718 br
- 26 Nov 1914 U 21 Otto Hersing Primo 1,366 br
- 30 Jan 1915 U 21 Otto Hersing Ben Cruachan 3,092 br
- 30 Jan 1915 U 21 Otto Hersing Kilcoan 456 br
- 30 Jan 1915 U 21 Otto Hersing Linda Blanche 369 br
- 25 May 1915 U 21 Otto Hersing Triumph (hms) 11,985 br
- 27 May 1915 U 21 Otto Hersing Majestic (hms) 14,900 br
- 4 Jul 1915 U 21 Otto Hersing Carthage 5,601 fr
- 1 Feb 1916 U 21 Otto Hersing Belle Of France 3,876 br
- 8 Feb 1916 U 21 Otto Hersing Admiral Charner 4,750 fr
- 30 Apr 1916 U 21 Otto Hersing City Of Lucknow 3,669 br
- 26 Oct 1916 U 21 Otto Hersing Marina G. 154 it
- 28 Oct 1916 U 21 Otto Hersing Gilda R. 37 it
- 28 Oct 1916 U 21 Otto Hersing Tre Fratelli D. 190 it
- 31 Oct 1916 U 21 Otto Hersing Glenlogan 5,838 br
- 1 Nov 1916 U 21 Otto Hersing Bernardo Canale 1,346 it
- 1 Nov 1916 U 21 Otto Hersing Torero 767 it
- 2 Nov 1916 U 21 Otto Hersing San Antonio O. 113 it
- 3 Nov 1916 U 21 Otto Hersing San Giorgio 258 it
- 23 Dec 1916 U 21 Otto Hersing Benalder (d.) 3,044 br
- 16 Feb 1917 U 21 Otto Hersing Mayola 146 br
- 16 Feb 1917 U 21 Otto Hersing Rose Dorothea 147 br
- 17 Feb 1917 U 21 Otto Hersing Emilia IÂ° 25 pt
- 17 Feb 1917 U 21 Otto Hersing Lima 108 pt
- 20 Feb 1917 U 21 Otto Hersing Cacique 2,917 fr
- 22 Feb 1917 U 21 Otto Hersing Bandoeng 5,851 nl
- 22 Feb 1917 U 21 Otto Hersing Eemland 3,770 nl
- 22 Feb 1917 U 21 Otto Hersing Gaasterland 3,917 nl
- 22 Feb 1917 U 21 Otto Hersing Jacatra 5,373 nl
- 22 Feb 1917 U 21 Otto Hersing Noorderdijk 7,166 nl
- 22 Feb 1917 U 21 Otto Hersing Normanna 2,900 nw
- 22 Feb 1917 U 21 Otto Hersing Zaandijk 4,189 nl
- 22 Feb 1917 U 21 Otto Hersing Menado (d.) 5,874 nl
- 22 Apr 1917 U 21 Otto Hersing Giskö 1,643 nw
- 22 Apr 1917 U 21 Otto Hersing Theodore William 3,057 nw
- 29 Apr 1917 U 21 Otto Hersing Askepot 1,793 nw
- 30 Apr 1917 U 21 Otto Hersing Borrowdale 1,268 ru
- 3 May 1917 U 21 Otto Hersing Lindisfarne 1,703 ru
- 6 May 1917 U 21 Otto Hersing Adansi 2,644 br
- 8 May 1917 U 21 Otto Hersing Killarney 1,413 br
- 27 Jun 1917 U 21 Otto Hersing Baltic 1,125 sw
Fate 22 Feb 1919 - Sunk in an accident in position 54.19N, 03.42W while on passage to surrender.
On 5 September, 1914 the small British cruiser HMS Pathfinder was torpedoed and sunk in the North Sea by U 21. This was the first warship to be sunk by a German U-boat during the First World War.John Doran
27th May 1915 HMS Majestic
HMS Majestic. (1895 - 1921)
Majestic Class - pre-dreadnought Battleships.
The Majestic class was a class of pre-dreadnought battleships, built under the Spencer Programme (named after the First Lord of the Admiralty, John Poyntz Spencer, 5th Earl Spencer) of 8 December 1893, that sought to counter the growing naval strength of France and the Russian Empire. With nine units commissioned, they were the largest class of battleships in history in terms of the number of member ships. This class was designed by Sir William White.
- Ships in Majestic Class
- Prince George
When the lead ship, Majestic, was launched in 1895, at 421 ft (128 m) long and with a full-load displacement of 16,000 tons, she was the largest battleship ever built at the time. The Majestics were considered good seaboats with an easy roll and good steamers, although they suffered from high fuel consumption. They began life as coal-burners, but HMS Mars in 1905–1906 became the first battleship converted to oil-burning, and the rest were similarly converted by 1907–1908. The class was the last to have side-by-side funnels, with successor battleship classes having funnels in a line.
Except for Caesar, Hannibal, and Illustrious, they had a new design in which the bridge was mounted around the base of the foremast behind the conning tower to prevent a battle-damaged bridge from collapsing around the tower. Although the earlier ships had pear-shaped barbettes and fixed loading positions for the main guns, Caesar and Illustrious had circular barbettes and all-around loading for their main guns, which established the pattern for future classes.
Although Harvey armour had been used on battleship HMS Renown of the Centurion class, in the Majestics it was used in an entire class of British battleships for the first time. It allowed equal protection with less cost in weight compared to previous types of armour, allowing the Majestic class to have a deeper and lighter belt than previous battleships without any loss in protection.
The Majestics were given a new gun, the 46-ton BL 12 inch (305 mm) Mk VIII /35 gun. They were the first new British battleships to mount a 12 inch main battery since the 1880s. The new gun was a significant improvement on the 13.5 inch (343 mm) gun which had been fitted on the Admiral and Royal Sovereign classes that preceded the Majestics and was lighter. This saving in weight allowed the Majestic class to carry a secondary battery of twelve 6 inch (152 mm) 40-calibre guns, a larger secondary armament than in previous classes.
The Majestics were to be a benchmark for successor pre-dreadnoughts. While the preceding Royal Sovereign-class battleships had revolutionized and stabilised British battleship design by introducing the high-freeboard battleship with four main-battery guns in twin mountings in barbettes fore and aft, it was the Majestics that settled on the 12 inch (305 mm) main battery and began the practice of mounting armoured gunhouses over the barbettes; these gunhouses, although very different from the old-style, heavy, circular gun turrets that preceded them, would themselves become known as "turrets" and became the standard on warships worldwide.
More directly, the Majestic design itself also was adapted by the Imperial Japanese Navy for its own Shikishima-class pre-dreadnoughts, as well as Mikasa, which was largely based on the Shikishimas.
World War 1 Service
HMS Majestic served in the Channel Fleet and Atlantic Fleet 1895–1907, then in the Home Fleet 1907–1914. Her early World War I service was in the Channel Fleet August–November 1914, as a guard ship on the British coast November–December 1914, and in the Dover Patrol December 1914 – February 1915; during the latter service she bombarded German positions in Belgium. She served in the Dardanelles Campaign February–May 1915, seeing much service in action against Ottoman Turkish forts and shore batteries before being sunk on 27 May 1915 by the German submarine U-21 while stationed off Cape Helles with the loss of 40 of her crew.John Doran
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