The Wartime Memories Project - The Great War - Day by Day
31st May 1915On this day:
- Zeppelin raid on London 31st May 1915.
On 31 May, Captain Linnarz again commanded LZ38 on the first London raid;
LZ 37 was also to be part of the raid but suffered structural damage early on and returned to Namur. Flying from Evere LZ 38 crossed the English coast near Margate at 2142 before turning west once over Southend. London police were warned of an incoming raid around 2300, a few minutes later small incendiaries began to fall. These devices, weighing 11 kg (25 lb), were filled with thermite and the exterior was wrapped in tarred rope.
In total some 120 bombs were dropped on a line stretching from Stoke Newington south to Stepney and then north toward Leytonstone. Seven people were killed and 35 injured; 41 fires were started, burning out seven properties and the total damage was assessed at £18,596.
Aware of the problems that the Germans were experiencing in navigation, this raid caused the government to issue a D notice prohibiting the press from reporting anything about the raid that was not mentioned in official statements, previous press reports had contained detailed information about where bombs had fallen.
Fifteen defensive sorties were flown against the raiders, only one of whom managed to make visual contact with the enemy. No ground-based guns fired and no searchlights found the airship also one pilot was killed when attempting to land.
- 47th Divisional RFA Move 6th County of London Brigade RFA report the remaining section in each Battery were replaced and the 17th London Battery was moved south and took up position in the neighbourhood of Vermelles. Signed:
J H Van Dan Bergh TA.
6th London Brigade RFA.
- 12th Heavy Battery proceed to France 12th Heavy Battery RGA proceeded to France
- Field Artillery takes over 3rd Corps orders state: 19th Infantry Battalion will be attached to 27 Division from this date, 6th Division has officially left this area.
81st Field Artillery takes over Factory and billets of 16th Field Artillery and works Divisional Rest Station at Bac St Maurice.
82nd Field Artillery takes over the Institution St Jude, Armentières and
83rd Field Artillery the École Professionale, Armentières
- 1st Bn Herts at Nouex les Mines The Bn paraded at 4.10am and marched to Nouex les Mines. The Brigade went into billets there in reserve to the 5th and 6th Brigades.
- Relief by O battery E Battery 3rd Brigade RHA
Attached to 8th Division.
Withdrawn from action at 2100 on being relieved by O Battery RHA and marched by La Gorgue, Melville and Hazebrouck to bivouac and billet in a farm one mile east of Chateau le Nieppe on the Cassel - St Omer road. In at 0300 - about 24 miles - on morning of 1st June when rejoined 5th Cavalry Brigade.
- 31st May 1915 19th Seige Bty RGA on the move
- 31st May 1915 Waiting for the wind
- 31st May 1915
- 31st May 1915 Under Fire
- 31st May 1915 Turks in Retreat
- 31st May 1915 Kensingtons Depart
- 31st May 1915 To Bivouacs
- 31st May 1915 Inspection
- 31st May 1915 Inspection
- 31st May 1915 In the Trenches
- 31st May 1915 On the Move
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