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31st May 1915 - The Great War, Day by Day - The Wartime Memories Project

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The Wartime Memories Project - The Great War - Day by Day

31st May 1915

On this day:

  • Zeppelin raid on London   31st May 1915.

    On 31 May, Captain Linnarz again commanded LZ38 on the first London raid; LZ 37 was also to be part of the raid but suffered structural damage early on and returned to Namur. Flying from Evere LZ 38 crossed the English coast near Margate at 2142 before turning west once over Southend. London police were warned of an incoming raid around 2300, a few minutes later small incendiaries began to fall. These devices, weighing 11 kg (25 lb), were filled with thermite and the exterior was wrapped in tarred rope.

    In total some 120 bombs were dropped on a line stretching from Stoke Newington south to Stepney and then north toward Leytonstone. Seven people were killed and 35 injured; 41 fires were started, burning out seven properties and the total damage was assessed at £18,596.

    Aware of the problems that the Germans were experiencing in navigation, this raid caused the government to issue a D notice prohibiting the press from reporting anything about the raid that was not mentioned in official statements, previous press reports had contained detailed information about where bombs had fallen.

    Fifteen defensive sorties were flown against the raiders, only one of whom managed to make visual contact with the enemy. No ground-based guns fired and no searchlights found the airship also one pilot was killed when attempting to land.

  • 47th Divisional RFA Move   6th County of London Brigade RFA report the remaining section in each Battery were replaced and the 17th London Battery was moved south and took up position in the neighbourhood of Vermelles. Signed: J H Van Dan Bergh TA. 6th London Brigade RFA.

    War Diaries

  • 12th Heavy Battery proceed to France   12th Heavy Battery RGA proceeded to France

  • Field Artillery takes over   3rd Corps orders state: 19th Infantry Battalion will be attached to 27 Division from this date, 6th Division has officially left this area. 81st Field Artillery takes over Factory and billets of 16th Field Artillery and works Divisional Rest Station at Bac St Maurice. 82nd Field Artillery takes over the Institution St Jude, Armentières and 83rd Field Artillery the École Professionale, Armentières

    War diary RAMC 19th Field Ambulance, Erquinghem-Lys

  • 1st Bn Herts at Nouex les Mines   The Bn paraded at 4.10am and marched to Nouex les Mines. The Brigade went into billets there in reserve to the 5th and 6th Brigades.

    War Diary of the 1st Battalion Hertfordshire Regiment

  • Relief by O battery   E Battery 3rd Brigade RHA

    Attached to 8th Division. Withdrawn from action at 2100 on being relieved by O Battery RHA and marched by La Gorgue, Melville and Hazebrouck to bivouac and billet in a farm one mile east of Chateau le Nieppe on the Cassel - St Omer road. In at 0300 - about 24 miles - on morning of 1st June when rejoined 5th Cavalry Brigade.

    war diaries

  • 31st May 1915 19th Seige Bty RGA on the move

  • 31st May 1915 Waiting for the wind

  • 31st May 1915 

  • 31st May 1915 Under Fire

  • 31st May 1915 Turks in Retreat

  • 31st May 1915 Kensingtons Depart

  • 31st May 1915 To Bivouacs

  • 31st May 1915 Inspection

  • 31st May 1915 Inspection

  • 31st May 1915 In the Trenches

  • 31st May 1915 On the Move

  • 31st May 1915 Trench Work

  • 31st of May 1915 GOC visits Brigades

  • 31st of May 1915 General Plumer visits

  • 31st of May 1915 Div. HQ moved

  • 31st of May 1915 Machine Gun course

  • 31st of May 1915 Relief commands

  • 31st of May 1915 Excessive use of ammunition

  • 31st of May 1915 Stink bombs deferred

  • 31st of May 1915 Operational Order

  • 31st of May 1915 Report

  • 31st of May 1915 

  • 31st of May 1915 

  • 31st of May 1915 

Can you add to this factual information? Do you know the whereabouts of a unit on a particular day? Do you have a copy of an official war diary entry? Details of an an incident? The loss of a ship? A letter, postcard, photo or any other interesting snipts?

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Want to know more?

There are:30 articles tagged with this date available in our Library

  These include information on officers service records, letters, diaries, personal accounts and information about actions during the Great War.

Remembering those who died this day.

  • Capt. Richard Reginald Maude Brooke. Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry Read their Story.
  • Sgt. Frank Jubilee Olle. 5th Infantry Battalion Read their Story.
  • Stoker William Thomson. HMS Invincible Read their Story.
  • L/Cpl Frederick Usherwood. 3rd Dragoon Guards(Prince of Wales Own)

    Add a name to this list.

  • Items from the Home Front Archive

    Do you have any letters, photos, postcards, documents or memorabilia from the Great War? We would love to include copies. Please use this form to submit diary entries and letters or photographs for this new Section: add to this archive.

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