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27th May 1915 - The Great War, Day by Day - The Wartime Memories Project

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The Wartime Memories Project - The Great War - Day by Day

27th May 1915

On this day:

  • 6th London Brigade RFA in action   15th and 16th London Batteries again formed a barrage, the former firing one hundred and seven rounds on J10 - J14. During the day, the observation stations of their Batteries at Le Platin were shelled in retaliation. New observation stations had to be found. A New shell type has been issued except to 17th London Battery and is considered a great improvement.

    War Diaries

  • 27th May 1915 Concern over gas

  • HMS Majestic   

    HMS Majestic

    HMS Majestic. (1895 - 1921)

    Majestic Class - pre-dreadnought Battleships.

    The Majestic class was a class of pre-dreadnought battleships, built under the Spencer Programme (named after the First Lord of the Admiralty, John Poyntz Spencer, 5th Earl Spencer) of 8 December 1893, that sought to counter the growing naval strength of France and the Russian Empire. With nine units commissioned, they were the largest class of battleships in history in terms of the number of member ships. This class was designed by Sir William White.

    • Ships in Majestic Class
    • Caesar
    • Hannibal
    • Illustrious
    • Jupiter
    • Magnificent
    • Majestic
    • Mars
    • Prince George
    • Victorious

    When the lead ship, Majestic, was launched in 1895, at 421 ft (128 m) long and with a full-load displacement of 16,000 tons, she was the largest battleship ever built at the time. The Majestics were considered good seaboats with an easy roll and good steamers, although they suffered from high fuel consumption. They began life as coal-burners, but HMS Mars in 1905–1906 became the first battleship converted to oil-burning, and the rest were similarly converted by 1907–1908. The class was the last to have side-by-side funnels, with successor battleship classes having funnels in a line.

    Except for Caesar, Hannibal, and Illustrious, they had a new design in which the bridge was mounted around the base of the foremast behind the conning tower to prevent a battle-damaged bridge from collapsing around the tower. Although the earlier ships had pear-shaped barbettes and fixed loading positions for the main guns, Caesar and Illustrious had circular barbettes and all-around loading for their main guns, which established the pattern for future classes.

    Although Harvey armour had been used on battleship HMS Renown of the Centurion class, in the Majestics it was used in an entire class of British battleships for the first time. It allowed equal protection with less cost in weight compared to previous types of armour, allowing the Majestic class to have a deeper and lighter belt than previous battleships without any loss in protection.

    The Majestics were given a new gun, the 46-ton BL 12 inch (305 mm) Mk VIII /35 gun. They were the first new British battleships to mount a 12 inch main battery since the 1880s. The new gun was a significant improvement on the 13.5 inch (343 mm) gun which had been fitted on the Admiral and Royal Sovereign classes that preceded the Majestics and was lighter. This saving in weight allowed the Majestic class to carry a secondary battery of twelve 6 inch (152 mm) 40-calibre guns, a larger secondary armament than in previous classes.

    The Majestics were to be a benchmark for successor pre-dreadnoughts. While the preceding Royal Sovereign-class battleships had revolutionized and stabilised British battleship design by introducing the high-freeboard battleship with four main-battery guns in twin mountings in barbettes fore and aft, it was the Majestics that settled on the 12 inch (305 mm) main battery and began the practice of mounting armoured gunhouses over the barbettes; these gunhouses, although very different from the old-style, heavy, circular gun turrets that preceded them, would themselves become known as "turrets" and became the standard on warships worldwide.

    More directly, the Majestic design itself also was adapted by the Imperial Japanese Navy for its own Shikishima-class pre-dreadnoughts,[6] as well as Mikasa, which was largely based on the Shikishimas.

    World War 1 Service

    HMS Majestic served in the Channel Fleet and Atlantic Fleet 1895–1907, then in the Home Fleet 1907–1914. Her early World War I service was in the Channel Fleet August–November 1914, as a guard ship on the British coast November–December 1914, and in the Dover Patrol December 1914 – February 1915; during the latter service she bombarded German positions in Belgium. She served in the Dardanelles Campaign February–May 1915, seeing much service in action against Ottoman Turkish forts and shore batteries before being sunk on 27 May 1915 by the German submarine U-21 while stationed off Cape Helles with the loss of 40 of her crew.

    John Doran

  • 2nd Monmouths amalganate   The 2nd Monmouth's joined the amalgamated Battalion on May 27th and the official amalgamation of the battalions took place on May 28th. Also the amalgamated battalions moved to Herzeele where the Brigadier (General Bols) who stated that the three battalions would be eventually reformed addressed them. It is interesting to note the strength of the three units on July 24th , when they were still far below strength:- 1st Battalion: 7 Officers 193 Other ranks, 2nd Battalion: 12 Officers 476 Other ranks, 3rd Battalion: 8 Officers 273 Other ranks.

  • 19th Seige Bty RGA arrive France   19th Seige Battery RGA arrive at Bologne early on the 27tth of May and went to the rest camp to await the arrival of the traction engines for pulling the guns.

  • 27th May 1915 The fate that has befallen Belgium

  • 27th May 1915 Tour of new Trenches

  • 27th May 1915 Inspection

  • 27th May 1915 Trench Work

  • 27th May 1915 Under Continuous Fire

  • 27th May 1915 On the March

  • 27th May 1915 Working Parties

  • 27th May 1915 Whizz Bangs

  • 27th May 1915 On the Move

  • 27th May 1915 In the Trenches

  • 27th May 1915 On the March

  • 27th of May 1915 GOC visits 5th Corps

  • 27th of May 1915 Corps composition

  • 27th of May 1915 Artillery relief

  • 27th of May 1915 Troops re-assigned

  • 27th of May 1915 New Commander

Can you add to this factual information? Do you know the whereabouts of a unit on a particular day? Do you have a copy of an official war diary entry? Details of an an incident? The loss of a ship? A letter, postcard, photo or any other interesting snipts?

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Want to know more?

There are:21 articles tagged with this date available in our Library

  These include information on officers service records, letters, diaries, personal accounts and information about actions during the Great War.

Remembering those who died this day.

  • Firmn. Joseph Brady. HMS Princess Irene Read their Story.
  • PO Harold Challis. HMS Princess Irene Read their Story.
  • Drvr. T. B. Howe. Royal Field Artillery 173rd Brigade Read their Story.
  • Pte. Wilfred Henry Lewis. London Regiment 1/23rd Btn. B Company. Read their Story.
  • Pte James McConnell. Northumberland Fusiliers 27th Battalion (Tyneside Irish) Read their Story.

    Add a name to this list.

  • Items from the Home Front Archive

    Do you have any letters, photos, postcards, documents or memorabilia from the Great War? We would love to include copies. Please use this form to submit diary entries and letters or photographs for this new Section: add to this archive.

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