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22nd August 1914 - The Great War, Day by Day - The Wartime Memories Project

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The Wartime Memories Project - The Great War - Day by Day



22nd August 1914

On this day:


  • The Battle of Mons   At 6:30 a.m., a patrol of the 4th Dragoon Guards spotted a group of German cavalry outside the village of Casteau, to the northeast of Mons. The Dragoons, led by Captain Hornby, gave chase. After a pursuit of a few miles, the Germans turned and fired upon the British cavalrymen, at which point the Dragoons dismounted and opened fire.

  • 4th Middlesex engaged at Mons   As the church bells of Nimy called the locals to Mass, a patrol mounted Uhlan's emerged from the wood in full view of L/Cpl Alfred Vivian and his six men of the 4th Middlesex, who were in a forward outpost in an abandoned cottage. The rapid fire of the British rifles cut down eight of the enemy and their horses at a range of eighty yards.

    In the church, the priest continued to say Mass with barely a pause, but skipped his sermon and sent the congregation home.

  • 30th Brigade RFA march to Front   30th Brigade RFA arrive at Marley in the early hours of the 22nd where it detrained and marched towards the Belgium Frontier via Bavay.

  • 35th Heavy Battery with the BEF   35th Heavy Battery, Royal Garrison Artillery moved to Wassingny via Oisy, Laundreieces and Leval.

  • 2nd West Surreys board ship for England   Battalion arrived at Cape Town, and embarked with 2nd Bn. Bedfordshire Regt: on board H.M.T “Kenilworth Castle”.

  • 31st Heavy Battery proceed to France   31st Heavy Battery RGA arrive in France

  • intelligence reports   2nd Battalion - Royal Irish Regiment

    Saturday, August 22nd, 1914 - Bettignes

    Moved Northward and ordered to hold line Nouvelles - Harveng towards Havay joining eastwards. Later orders were received to hold line road junction at Fauberge Barthelmy (just east of Mons) Harmignies - Givry. Middlesex holding northern portion, Royal Irish the southern part. 1700 Regiment was ordered to hold St. Symphorien and Villers St. Ghislain, while Middlesex were detailed to hold canal bridges:

    • 1) immediately North of Nimy
    • 2) Lock no. 5
    • 3) Near Obourg Station

    1815 Major SE St. Leger with 1/2 of the Battalion (and C Companies) proceeded to Villers St. Ghislain, relieved the Cavalry Brigade and throughout the night with help of a Company RE placed the village in a state of defense. General Hamilton met Major St. Leger at the village and told him to dig himself well in.

    Villers-St. Ghislain Report by Major St. Leger to 8th Brigade - see Appendix III.

    Lt.Col. Cox with Headquarters Battalion and D Company having proceeded to St. Symphorien remained there the night. Major Daniell with B Company moved to Givry where he was ordered to stop for the night.

    Appendix III

    Report to 8th Brigade by Major SE St. Leger, commanding ˝ Battalion, 2/Royal Irish Regiment at Villers-St.Ghislain on night 22-23 Aug. 14 8th Inf. Brigade, Maison Communal Hyon Report from Division cyclist officer attached. There were three campfires burning the whole of last night, apparently in the vicinity of Maurice, Boise, Havre and also apparently of a large force...swh. In the event of a serious attack, I should require at least two more companies to hold this village,

    O. C. (2 Companies) 2/Royal Irish Regiment. Villers St. Ghislain Ref Belgium Sheet. 0820 23rd August 1914

  • 1st East Lancs Cross to France   At 1205 1st Battalion East Lancashire Regiment, under the command of Lt Col Le Marchant DSO, sailed on the Braemar Castle and arrived at Le Havre, France about 1600, but did not disembark until 2300 and went into camp just outside Le Havre.

  • 22nd Aug 1914 Royla Horse Artillery in Action

  • 22nd Aug 1914 On the March

  • 22nd Aug 1914 On the Move

  • 22nd Aug 1914 On the March

  • 22nd Aug 1914 On the March

  • Australian Troop Transports   

    HMAT A61 Kanowna Pictured embarking from Townsville Harbour in August 1914 From: The Queenslander, 22 August 1914, p. 30

    The HMAT A61 Kanowna weighed 6,942 tons with an average cruise speed of 14 knots or 25.92 kmph. It was owned by the AUSN Co Ltd, London, and manned by Australia officers and crew. The Kanowna was leased by the Commonwealth until 18 March 1919.






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There are:14 articles tagged with this date available in our Library

  These include information on officers service records, letters, diaries, personal accounts and information about actions during the Great War.




Remembering those who died this day.



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Items from the Home Front Archive

Miniture works of Robert Burns picked up on the battlefields of Mons Aug 1914
Miniture works of Robert Burns picked up on the battlefields of Mons Aug 1914

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