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20th December 1915 - The Great War, Day by Day - The Wartime Memories Project

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The Wartime Memories Project - The Great War - Day by Day



20th December 1915

On this day:


  • 25th Sep 1915 Signaller's Bravery

  • 16th Northumberland Fusilers second stint in front line   16th Northumberlands return to the trenches in sector e2 to left of their first position.

  • Enemy Active   6th County of London Brigade RFA report at 1315, 1352 and 1440 15th London Battery fired on trench A,28,c,2.3. This silenced a trench mortar shelling our front line at A.28.c.2.3. 17th London Battery reported that from 0700 to 0730 digging went on in several places in the Little Willie and Germans were seen passing various points where the parapet had been breached on the previous day. A steel loophole was visible at G.4.b.2.10 through which men could be seen passing. The 17th London Battery fired thirty rounds at a machine gun reported at G.5.6.7. 19th London Battery fired twelve rounds on G.4.b.97 in reply to enemy shelling G.4.a. and the enemy ceased firing.

  • 20th December 1915 9th Lancers in Billets

  • A & B Coys 12th York & Lancs leave Hurcott Camp   A & B Coys, Sheffield City Battalion marched out of Hurcott Camp and entrained for Devonport at Salisbury Station, the train left at 5am. C & D Coys marched out of the camp at 2.30am with their train leaving at 6.25am. The Battalion transport left the camp at 5pm.

    The trains were shunted onto the dockside at Keyham Docks and the majority of the Battalion boarded the SS Nestor. A small party from the Battalion transport boarded HMT Malakoota to travel with the Divisional Artillery.

  • U-Boat Index - WW1   SM U-71

    Type UE 1 Shipyard Vulcan, Hamburg (Werk 55) Ordered 6 Jan 1915 Launched 31 Oct 1915 Commissioned 20 Dec 1915

    Commanders.
    20 Dec 1915 - 19 Apr 1917 Hugo Schmidt.
    20 Apr 1917 - 27 Nov 1917 Walter Gude.
    28 Nov 1917 - 27 Jan 1918 Otto Dröscher.
    28 Jan 1918 - 29 Jul 1918 Oblt. Richard Scheurlen.
    30 Jul 1918 - 14 Oct 1918 Oblt. Kurt Slevogt

    Career 12 patrols.
    7 Apr 1916 - 11 Nov 1918 I Flotilla

    Successes 18 ships sunk with a total of 15,273 tons.
    1 ship damaged with a total of 3,230 tons.
    1 ship taken as prize with a total of 82 tons.
    3 warships sunk with a total of 3,481 tons.
    1 warship damaged with a total of 820 tons.

    • 18 Oct 1916 U 71 Hugo Schmidt Greta 1,370 sw
    • 19 Oct 1916 U 71 Hugo Schmidt Mercur 711 sw
    • 19 Oct 1916 U 71 Hugo Schmidt Normandie 1,342 sw
    • 21 Oct 1916 U 71 Hugo Schmidt Rönnaug 1,331 nw
    • 13 Dec 1916 U 71 Hugo Schmidt Solon 137 da
    • 17 Dec 1916 U 71 Hugo Schmidt Sjofna 528 nw
    • 18 Dec 1916 U 71 Hugo Schmidt Herř 1,106 nw
    • 18 Dec 1916 U 71 Hugo Schmidt Sieka 119 nl
    • 19 Feb 1917 U 71 Hugo Schmidt Halcyon 190 br
    • 4 Jun 1917 U 71 Walter Gude Orion 1,870 da
    • 5 Jun 1917 U 71 Walter Gude C. Thorén 269 sw
    • 5 Jun 1917 U 71 Walter Gude Götha 232 sw
    • 20 Jul 1917 U 71 Walter Gude Sirra 223 nl
    • 26 Jul 1917 U 71 Walter Gude Flore 3,553 fr
    • 26 Jul 1917 U 71 Walter Gude Ethelwynne (damaged) 3,230 br
    • 14 Aug 1917 U 71 Walter Gude Majorka 1,684 nw
    • 31 Aug 1917 U 71 Walter Gude Taurus 128 br
    • 20 Oct 1917 U 71 Walter Gude Thomas Stratten 309 br
    • 12 Dec 1917 U 71 Otto Dröscher Amadavat 171 br
    • 31 Dec 1917 U 71 Otto Dröscher De Hoop (prize) 82 nl
    • 1 May 1918 U 71 Richard Scheurlen Blackmorevale 750 br
    • 15 Aug 1918 U 71 Richard Scheurlen Scott 1,801 br
    • 15 Aug 1918 U 71 Richard Scheurlen Ulleswater 930 br
    • 20 Aug 1918 U 71 Richard Scheurlen Shirley (damaged) 820 br

    Fate 23 Feb 1919 - Surrendered to France. Broken up at Cherburg in 1921.

    There was another U 71 in World War Two.
    That boat was launched from its shipyard on 31 Oct 1940 and commissioned into the Kriegsmarine on 14 Dec 1940.

  • Ammunition problems   E Battery 3rd Brigade RHA

    20th Dec - Tested the shooting of the guns up to date the fuses seem to have been very bad.

    21st Dec - No shooting today.

  • 20th Dec 1915 7th Northumberlands into Reseve

  • 20th Dec 1915 Under Bombardment

  • 20th Dec 1915 Jam and Football

  • 20th Dec 1915 Company Training

  • 20th Dec 1915 Interesting Ground

  • 20th Dec 1915 2nd East Surreys on the Move

  • 20th Dec 1915 Convoy of Gas Cases

  • 20th Dec 1915 Under Shellfire

  • 20th Dec 1915 Working Parties

  • 20th Dec 1915 In Camp





Can you add to this factual information? Do you know the whereabouts of a unit on a particular day? Do you have a copy of an official war diary entry? Details of an an incident? The loss of a ship? A letter, postcard, photo or any other interesting snipts?

If your information relates only to an individual, eg. enlistment, award of a medal or death, please use this form: Add a story.




Want to know more?


There are:17 articles tagged with this date available in our Library

  These include information on officers service records, letters, diaries, personal accounts and information about actions during the Great War.




Remembering those who died this day.

  • Pte. John McQuade. Kings Own Yorkshire Light Infantry 20th Btn. Read their Story.
  • Cpl. Alfred Reginald Richardson. Bedfordshire Regiment 8th Btn Read their Story.

    Add a name to this list.


  • Items from the Home Front Archive

    Sketch by Pte A. E. Kaye, 11th Kings Liverpool Regt
    Sketch by Pte A. E. Kaye, 11th Kings Liverpool Regt

    More about this item


    Do you have any letters, photos, postcards, documents or memorabilia from the Great War? We would love to include copies. Please use this form to submit diary entries and letters or photographs for this new Section: add to this archive.





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