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17th October 1917 - The Great War, Day by Day - The Wartime Memories Project

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The Wartime Memories Project - The Great War - Day by Day



17th October 1917

On this day:


  • Daily Activity   9th Btn. (North Irish Horse) the Royal Irish Fusiliers.

    Ruyaulcourt.

    Captain Barefoot assumed the duties of Adjutant.

    The enemy shelled this village this morning from 0800 to 0930. He sent over about twenty shells (4.2 inch) and slightly wounded one man of the Battalion and one Other Rank of the Labour Battalion.

    Captain Despard C.B and Lieutenant Vesey G.W having reported for duty were taken on the strength.

    War Diaries


  • 17th Oct 1917 Patients

  • Lerwick Action 1917   The Action off Lerwick was a small naval battle on the 17th October 1917 fought in the North Sea. Two German light cruisers attacked a convoy of coal-carrying ships and their escort. In the course of the battle the two escorting destroyers and nine neutral Scandinavian ships were sunk off Shetland.

    Background

    The British regularly shipped coal across the North Sea from Norway in 1917. These convoys were lightly defended so the Kaiserliche Marine took advantage of the situation. At first submarines were deployed to sink the merchantmen, but after these attacks failed the German Admiral Reinhard Scheer ordered an attack with surface vessels. U-boats informed Admiral Scheer that a fleet of nine Scandinavian, one Belgian and two British steamers laden with coal were headed west from Lerwick. The two light cruisers Brummer and Bremse, each armed with four 5.9 inch naval guns and two 3.5 inch anti-aircraft guns, were sent to ambush to convoy on 17 October, 65 miles off Lerwick. Escorting the convoy were two British destroyers, Mary Rose and Strongbow with two naval trawlers, HMS Elise and P. Fannon. The destroyers had complements of about 80 men and armament of three 4 inch guns, three 2-pounders and two 21 inch torpedo tubes. Lieutenant Commander Charles Fox led the Allies convoy in his flagship Mary Rose and Lieutenant Commander Edward Brooke skippered Strongbow.

    Action

    At about 0600, lookouts on Strongbow spotted the two German light cruisers approaching their ship at a distance of over 4,000 yards. They were mistaken for British cruisers and signaled to identify themselves but no response was received. The Germans mistook the destroyers for cruisers themselves and they began signaling the British to come out and fight. Eventually the range closed to within 3,000 yds, so the German ships opened fire with their 5.9-inch guns. The two destroyers turned to attack and opened up with their 4-inch guns. They were followed by Elise while P. Fannon was ordered to continue west with the convoy. HMS Strongbow was struck first, shells damaged her main steam pipe and others knocked out her radio communications. After a few more minutes of firing, Strongbow was heavily damaged so the Germans turned their attention to Mary Rose and quickly sank her. The Germans then opened fire on Strongbow again and damaged her further while Elise was maneuvering to rescue her crew. Elise opened fire and her shots missed but she drew German fire which was now being concentrated on the merchant ships. Both of the light cruisers fired on Elise and forced her to flee out of range. The convoy was then attacked again and all nine of the Scandinavian vessels were sunk. All together, about 250 Allies and Scandinavians were killed, at least 50 others were wounded. Lieutenant Commander Fox was killed along with about 70 others from Mary Rose with only two officers and eight enlisted men surviving. Strongbow lost half of her complement and four officers and 44 men were rescued. She sank hours later at around 0930. The German forces were accused of shelling survivors in the water but they later denied the accusation.

    Aftermath

    When the action was over the German ships returned to base without damage or loss of life. Other British naval forces in the area were unaware of the engagement until almost 1600, so Brummer and Bremse could not be intercepted. The event was regarded as an outrage by the Allies who protested that the attack on neutral ships was illegal and that the Germans gave the crews of the merchant vessels no time to evacuate. This resulted in a large loss of civilian lives. Both of the British destroyer commanders received credit for bravery though some members of the Admiralty felt that by leaving the convoy to engage a superior enemy force, they left the merchant steamers open for attack.

    Order of Battle

    Royal Navy HMS Mary Rose, destroyer, flagship HMS Strongbow, destroyer HMS Elise, naval trawler HMS P. Fannon, naval trawler Kaiserliche Marine SMS Bremse, light cruiser, flagship SMS Brummer, light cruiser

    John Doran


  • 17th Oct 1917 Brigade Reserve

  • 17th Oct 1917 Aeroplane Shoot

  • In Support   18th DLI are at Arleux. Lt Col Cheyne returned from leave and took over from Major Ince. Enemy shelled Battalion front and back area. 1 man wounded (slightly). Weather fine.

    The National Archives Reference WO95/2361/1


  • 17th Oct 1917 Blighty Cases

  • 17th Oct 1917 Reorganisation

  • 17th Oct 1917 Shelling

  • 17th Oct 1917 On the March

  • 17th Oct 1917 Training

  • 17th Oct 1917 In the Trenches

  • 17th of October 1917 Quiet continues





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Killed, Wounded, Missing and Prisoner Reports published this day.





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There are:13 articles tagged with this date available in our Library

  These include information on officers service records, letters, diaries, personal accounts and information about actions during the Great War.




Remembering those who died this day.

  • Pte. William Henry Carrick. Northumberland Fusiliers 21st Battalion Read their Story.
  • 2nd Lt. Paul Norman Jones Christie. Bedfordshire Regiment 1st Btn. C Coy Read their Story.
  • Pte. John Clarke. Northumberland Fusiliers 24th (Tyneside Irish) Battalion Read their Story.
  • Pte. Joseph Cork. Durham Light Infantry 19th Btn. Read their Story.
  • Probationer Surgeon. Wesley Cope Holdsworth. HMS Begonia Read their Story.
  • Pte Thomas Mates. Northumberland Fusilliers 21st Battalion Tyne side Scottish Read their Story.
  • L/Cpl. Ernest Newby. Manchester Regiment 11th Btn Read their Story.
  • Pte. John Robert Scott. Norfolk Regiment 7th Battalion Read their Story.
  • Spr. Arthur Elgar Taylor. Royal Engineers 249th Field Coy. Read their Story.
  • Pte. William Trull. Coldstream Guards 3rd Btn. Read their Story.

    Add a name to this list.


  • Items from the Home Front Archive


    Do you have any letters, photos, postcards, documents or memorabilia from the Great War? We would love to include copies. Please use this form to submit diary entries and letters or photographs for this new Section: add to this archive.





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