The Wartime Memories Project - The Great War - Day by Day
15th September 1916On this day:
- 15th Hampshires suffer heavy losses The 15th Battalion, Hampshire Regiment attacked at Flers, aided by the first appearance of 4 tanks. The objective was reached, but heavy losses caused the battalion to retire. Almost half the battalion was lost in the attack.
- 2nd Sherwoods make attack 2nd Battalion Sherwood Foresters attack the Quadrilateral, on the Somme.
- New Positions 236th London Brigade Royal Field Artillery report:
At 0620 all our Artillery bombarded violently the selected German positions and the 4th Army offensive commenced. The Divisions on our left and right (50th Division and New Zealand Division) made satisfactory progress. The right Battalion of the 140th London Brigade made progress but the left Battalion and the 141st London Brigade were held up at the start by machine gun fire.
At 0800 the artillery again bombarded the enemy front line in High Wood. After half an hour's bombardment the artillery lifted. The Infantry again attacked and captured the Wood chiefly by working round the flanks.
A line was then dug running more or less East to West in front of the North East corner of the Wood. At 1815 the 23rd London regiment and 24th London Regiment assaulted the second objective with the 21st London Regiment on their right.(These are 3 Battalions in the 142nd London Brigade) The 2nd objective was not taken but a new line was dug about 250 yards in front of High Wood.
The Brigade employed 7.0.0. to go forward and find out position of Infantry.
A236 B236 and C236 Batteries moved up during the night to new positions about 500 yards to the North East of Bazentin le Petit. During the night the enemy shelled Bazentin le Grand and valley moving North West and South East with tear gas shells. Otherwise all was fairly quiet on this front.
Col Lowe DSO OC. 236 Brigade RFA was liaison officer to 141st Infantry Brigade.
Lt Blackwell A236 Battery was awarded the Military Cross.
(Note-Bazentin Le Petit is directly behind High Wood and Mametz Wood, mentioned next day, is directly behind that.)
[Comment: Tanks were used for the first time in this battle but could not move well on the terrain and were very unreliable, (only 13 took part in the attacks out of an intended 49 tanks and most of those broke down as well) so they are highly unlikely to have featured in observation work.
More relevant is the fact that 7th Squadron Royal Flying Corps were working with a primary role of reconnaisance support in this sector which gives three other possibilities for BAZ 7.0.0 as follows:
- 1. It could be an aircraft from the squadron, with an Artillery officer as passenger, in wireless or message communication reporting on enemy movements.
- 2. Planes were used to drop spies behind enemy lines to carry out spotting work and report enemy movements.
- 3. Balloons were also used for observations either tethered or towed.
One cannot be really sure but No.1 seems the best guess.
It is also possibly just a reference for an Observation Point in the Bazentin area, but there is a mention of sending it forward to observe and locate enemy troop movements so that seems unlikely as well.}
- 15th Sep 1916 Tanks in Action
- Ongoing actions 42nd Siege Battery RGA
Ongoing activity in Somme Offensive with the great Allied Tank attack and encounters at Highwood, Longueval, Delville Wood, Switch Trench, Guillemont and Gavinchy.
Incessant bombardments by the Germans at Warlencourt/Bapaume and Thilloy.
extracts from memoirs
- 15th September 1916 Ongoing positional defence
- 15th September 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary
- 15th September 1916 Immediate standby all day
- 15th Sep 1916 Heavy Casualtiesin 8th Bedfords
- Sucess 15th (Portsmounth) Battalion, Hampshire Regiment, as part of the 41st Division, attacked and gained Flers on the first day with the assistance for the first time of tanks. The 41st Division Memorial is in Flers.
- 15th Sep 1916 Anxious for News
- 15th Sep 1916 Tanks in Action
- Quiet In the Neuve Chapelle Sector 18th Durhams report: "Bright & cold. Quiet throughout the day."
The National Archives Reference WO95/2361/1
- 15th Sep 1916 Attack Made
- 15th Sep 1916 Casualties Evacuated
- 15th Sep 1916 Rescued
- 15th Sep 1916 Reinforcements
- 15th Sep 1916 Quiet
- 15th Sep 1916 Assault Made
- 15th Sep 1916 Onwards
- 15th Sep 1916 Thoughts
- 15th Sep 1916 Excerise
- 15th Sep 1916 Route March
- 15th of September 1916 New Organisation
- 10th Cameronians on The Somme The 10th Bn Cameronians were on the Somme and had just taken the village of Martinpuich on the 15th Sept, a great success with 300 prisoners captured. Unfortunately due to the attack being held up on both flanks the 10th had to dig in, instead of advancing through unbroken country relatively unopposed. The Germans took a while to discover the new front line, but about mid-day on 16th got there artillery bringing down heavy fire on the 10th's positions, it is likely this was when James Woods was killed.
The casualties in this battle were 3 Officers and 47 men killed, 10 Officers and 250 men wounded.
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There are:25 articles tagged with this date available in our Library These include information on officers service records, letters, diaries, personal accounts and information about actions during the Great War.
Remembering those who died this day. Pte. Harry Sidney Augustus Anstiss. Queen's Own Royal Kent West Regiment 11th Btn. Read their Story. Cpl. Thomas Oswald Austin. Northumberland Fusiliers 1/7th Btn. Read their Story. Rflmn. Albert Beechey. Rifle Brigade 9th Btn Read their Story. Pte Ernest Charles William Bellamy. Kings Own Yorkshire Light Infantry Pte. Thomas Bodie. Irish Guards 2nd Btn. Pte. Samuel Walter Bolch. Coldstream Guards 1st Btn. Read their Story. Pte. Henry Victor Bosonnet. Hampshire Regiment 15th (Service) Battalion Read their Story. Pte Joseph Branton. London Regiment (City of London Rifles) 1st/6th Bn. Read their Story. Sgt. Donald Forrester Brown. VC. Otago Infantry Regiment 2nd Battalion Read their Story. Pte. William Buckingham. VC Leicestershire Regiment 1st Btn. Read their Story. Pte. Joseph Carey. Royal Irish Fusiliers 7th Btn. Read their Story. Pte. Joseph Carey. Royal Irish Fusiliers 7th Btn. Read their Story. Hugh Carton. MM. Irish Guards 1st Battalion Read their Story. Sgt. Alfred Oliver Clarkson. Scots Guards 2nd Btn. Read their Story. L/Cpl Anthony Coates. Durham Light Infantry 1/5th Btn. Read their Story. Sgt. Robert Constantine. Durham Light Infantry. 9th Btn. Read their Story. Pte. John Cook. Yorkshire Regiment 1/5th Battalion Read their Story. Rfm. Leonard William Corner. Rifle Brigade 7th Battalion Read their Story. L/Cpl. William Oliver Crathorn. Coldstream Guards 4th Battalion Read their Story. Act Co. Sjt Mjr. Stanley Alistair Creek. The London Regiment Pte. William Anthony Dewing. Norfolk Regiment 9th Battalion Read their Story. L/Cpl. William J. Dobson. Durham Light Infantry 5th Btn. Pte. William Alexander Donald. Kings Royal Rifle Corps 7th Btn. Read their Story. Pte. George Dennis Douglas. Norfolk Regiment 9th Btn. Read their Story. Durrent. Suffolk Regiment Read their Story. Pte. Frederick Ebdy. Yorkshire Regiment 6th Btn. Read their Story. Pte. Joseph Edwards. Kings Royal Rifle Corps 8th Btn. Pte. David Elliott. Yorkshire Regiment 6th Btn. Read their Story. Rfm. Arthur Emeny. Rifle Brigade (The Prince Consort's Own) 9th Battalion Read their Story. Rflmn. John Alexander Evans. Rifle Brigade 9th Battalion Read their Story. Pte. John Fairburn. Durham Light Infantry Pte. Robert James Gaffikin. 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Company. Pte. Henry Garner. East Kent Regiment 1st Btn. Read their Story. Pte. James Green. Coldstream Guards 3rd Btn. Read their Story. Pte Louis Gunton. Norfolk Regiment 9th Btn Pte. Louis Gunton. Norfolk Regiment 9th Btn. Pte. Charles William Gutberlet. Norfolk Regiment 9th Btn. Read their Story. Pte. Thomas Haddigan. Hampshire Regiment 15th Battalion Pte. Charles Ernest Hadley. London Regiment 19th Btn. Read their Story. Pte. John William Handley. Northumberland Fusiliers 1/7th Btn., A Coy. Read their Story. Cpl. John Joseph Haynes. King's Royal Rifle Corps 18th Btn. Read their Story. L/Cpl. Harry Robert Heaver. King's Royal Rifle Corps 7th Btn. Read their Story. Pte. Albert Victor Hewitt. Rifle Brigade 9th Btn. Read their Story. Rfm. Charles Alfred Edward Hipwell. London Regiment 17th Poplar & Stepney Rifles Btn. Read their Story. Rifleman Alexander E R Hirst. London Regiment (City of London Rifles) 1st/6th Bn. Read their Story. Pte. Frederick Herbert Hiscox. Kings Royal Rifle Corps 18th Btn. Read their Story. Pte. James Richard Hodgson. Yorkshire Regiment 4th. Pte. Frederick William Holt. Coldstream Guards 3rd Btn. L/Cpl. Emsley Hopkins. London Regiment 18th (London Irish Rifles) Btn Read their Story. L/Cpl. Reginald Louis Hull. London Regiment Read their Story. L/Cpl. James Adam Jamieson. Northumberland Fusiliers 4th Battalion Read their Story. Pte. Frank A. Kelly. Canadian Infantry (New Brunswick Regiment) 26th Btn. Read their Story. Pte. Charlie King. Durham Light Infantry 1st/5th Btn. Read their Story. Pte. George Knight. Hampshire Regiment 15th Bn. Read their Story. L/Cpl. Alfred Knowlden. Rifle Brigade 8th Btn. Read their Story. Pte. Benjamin Lane. Sherwood Foresters (Notts & Derby Regiment) 2nd Battalion Read their Story. George Lawless. Irish Guards 1st Btn. Read their Story. Pte. John Charles Lidgley. London Regiment 1st/21st (Surrey Rifles) Btn. Read their Story. Pte. Solomon Llywarch. Cheshire Regiment 9th Btn. Read their Story. Pte Bernard Richard Lowe. Coldstream Guards 3rd Btn. Read their Story. Pte Francis Mannion. Irish Guards 2nd Btn Pte. Francis Mannion. Gunner Miles Farrar Hemming Mason. Royal Garrison Artillery 40th Siege Battery L/Cpl. Thomas Monk. Duke of Wellingtons West Riding Regiment 1st/6th Battalion Read their Story. 2nd Lt. Cecil Newton. Cameron Highlanders 6th Btn. Read their Story. Pte. George William Nixon. Leicestershire Regiment 1st Btn. Sgt. Francis O'Leary. London Regiment 1/6th Btn. Pte. Harold Edgar Parnaby. King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry 6th Btn. Read their Story. Sgt. Henry Parrish. MM. Rifle Brigade C Coy. 9th Btn. Read their Story. Sgt. Reginald Perry. Hampshire Regiment 15th Btn. Read their Story. Rfmn. Arthur Prestidge. King's Royal Rifle Corps 9th Btn. Read their Story. Rifleman James Arthur Quarmby. King's Royal Rifle Corps 7th Battalion Pte. Herbert Leonard Ramm. Norfolk Regiment 9th Btn. Pte. John Elder Richardson. Kings Own Yorkshire Light Infantry 6th Btn Pte. Albert Rickman. Royal Dublin Fusiliers 1st Btn. Read their Story. Rfm. Robert Beeley Robinson. London Regiment 1/7 Btn, C Coy. Read their Story. Rifleman William James Robinson. The Rifle Brigade 8th Battalion, C Coy. Read their Story. Pte. James Robson. Northumberland Fusiliers 1/7th Read their Story. Pte. Thomas Sloan. Scots Guards 1st Btn. Read their Story. Pte. Gustav Adolph Stromberg. 31st Bn. Read their Story. Pte. Cecil George Tappin. Coldstream Guards 3rd Btn. L/Cpl. Valentine Sullock Aveline Tardif. London Regiment 15th (Civil Service Rifles) Battalion Read their Story. Pte. Henry William Tullett. Royal West Kent Regiment 11th Btn. Read their Story. Pte Charles Walford. Royal West Kents 11th Btn. B Voy. Read their Story. Pte. John Edward Widdas. Yorkshire Regiment 5th Btn. Read their Story. Rfmn. George Williams. Rifle Brigade 16th Btn Read their Story. Sgt. Henry George Willmott. Rifle Brigade 9th Btn. Read their Story. Rfmn. Frederick John Wiltshire. Rifle Brigade 9th Battalion Read their Story. Pte. Frederick John Wiltshire. Rifle Brigade 9th Battalion Read their Story.
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