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14th September 1914 - The Great War, Day by Day - The Wartime Memories Project

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The Wartime Memories Project - The Great War - Day by Day



14th September 1914

On this day:


  • Casualties for Scots Guards   The war diary of the 1st Scots Guards for this date states 'The Battalion moved at 5.30am via Moulins and Vendresse to a hill between that place and Troyon - 2 companies in Brigade reserve and 2 companies sent as artillery escort to Tour de Passy'. The casualties for this day is recorded as 3 officers and 16 men killed, 3 officers and 86 men wounded and 12 missing.

  • 4th Yorks join Division   4th Yorks leave Hummersknott Park, Darlington and move to Newcastle to join with the other battalions of the Northumbrian Division for further training.

  • 21st Division at Halton Park   At the outbreak of war, Halton Park in Buckinghamshire was offered to the War Office by Alfred de Rothschild for use as a training camp. The first division to arrive was the 21st Yorkshire Division comprising; 8th East Yorkshire, 10th Green Howards, 14th Northumberland Fusiliers, 8th Lincolns, 12th West Yorkshire, 10th York & Lancaster and 9th and 10th KOYLI. They had their Divisional HQ at Aston Clinton House. Halton House was lent to the RFC who also trained in the grounds.

  • Sheffield City Battalion hold first parade   The first parade of the newly formed Sheffield City Battalion is held at Norfolk Barracks, Edmond Road, the Drill Hall of the West Riding Territorial Force. The men were organised into Companies, platoons and sections. They were inspected by their CO Col Hughes and the Lord Mayor then listened to speeches from the gallery by the Lord Mayor, Mr Fisher of the University and Col Hughes who declared them a wonderful looking crowd. The men were dismissed to return to their own homes or lodgings for the night as there was no accommodation available for the new battalion en-mass.

  • Battle of Trindade 1914   The Battle of Trindade was a single-ship action fought during the First World War on 14 September 1914 off the coast of the Brazilian island of Trindade.

    Battle

    The German auxiliary cruiser Cap Trafalgar was steaming in South American waters on her commerce raiding mission when she came across several German colliers, trapped in the region by the Allied navies in the Western approaches. Cap Trafalgar, in need of supplies, was led to the Trindade and Martim Vaz islands where the Germans had established a small, hidden supply base. Cap Trafalgar arrived at the base on September 14, giving away her position early that morning by smoke from her steam engines. The British auxiliary cruiser Carmania, a former ocean liner which was designed to fight merchant vessels and small enemy warships, noticed the smoke and moved to engage. Coincidentally, the Cap Trafalgar, also intended for use against enemy merchant fleets, had been altered to resemble the Carmania. Some accounts wrongly claimed that both ships were disguised as each other. Carmania moved into Trindade's only sheltered anchorage, surprising Cap Trafalgar and two enemy colliers. Both the British and German commanders believed that in order to obtain a decisive victory, they would need more space to manoeuver their ships. They steamed several miles into open sea before turning into each other and commencing hostilities. Carmania fired the first shots, which fell short, thus allowing Cap Trafalgar to give out the first hit. For some ninety minutes the two ships fought a gunnery duel. They also used machine guns to target each other's crew. At first the German fire was more effective. Eventually, as the two ships closed to within a few hundred yards of each other, British shots became more accurate and fires began to spread aboard the German raider. Carmania received most of the hits during the fight, 73 hits in total. Her bridge was completely destroyed and she had taken hits below the waterline. However, just when things began to look dire for the British, the Cap Trafalgar turned away and began lowering life rafts, having been holed below the waterline and taking on water. She soon sank. The German colliers were able to rescue 279 German sailors from the sea and rafts. Between 16 and 51 of the crew are cited by different sources as killed in action or drowned. Carmania's crew suffered 9 dead, several wounded and the ship was severely damaged.

    Aftermath

    After receiving Cap Trafalgar's distress call, the SMS Kronprinz Wilhelm arrived near the battle scene. Fearing a British attack, assuming the Cap Trafalgar had already been sunk and not knowing the poor condition of Carmania, she turned around and steamed away. The day after the battle, Carmania was rescued and escorted to the port of Pernambuco. The surviving Germans were dropped off by the colliers in Montevideo

  • Setback in action    E Battery 3rd Brigade RHA Started at 0500 and after a long wait at the Chateau ready to cross the river at Vailly, had to fall back under very heavy shell fire from big howitzers, could only move up the big spur crest of Chassemy. By great good fortune only one horse was killed while all around us on top of spur III Divisional Artillery were having a bad time this fire coming from behind Condefort. Went into bivouac at Lime at 1900.

  • 14th September 1914 Ongoing Action

  • 14th September 1914 Ongoing actions

  • 14th Sep 1914 Bravery on the River

  • 14th Sep 1914 Under Shellfire

  • 14th Sep 1914 In Action

  • 14th Sep 1914 On the March

  • 14th Sep 1914 Course





Can you add to this factual information? Do you know the whereabouts of a unit on a particular day? Do you have a copy of an official war diary entry? Details of an an incident? The loss of a ship? A letter, postcard, photo or any other interesting snipts?

If your information relates only to an individual, eg. enlistment, award of a medal or death, please use this form: Add a story.




Want to know more?


There are:13 articles tagged with this date available in our Library

  These include information on officers service records, letters, diaries, personal accounts and information about actions during the Great War.




Remembering those who died this day.

  • Pte. Sidney Augustus Bartlett. Royal Berkshire 1st Btn. Read their Story.
  • Pte. John Brown. Irish Guards 1st Btn.
  • Major. Hubert Francis Fitzwilliam Brabazon Foljambe. King's Royal Rifle Corps 3rd Btn. Read their Story.
  • Lt. Archibald Charles Gibson-Craig. MID Highland Light Infantry 2nd Btn. Read their Story.
  • Rflmn. Edward Walter Hammer. King's Royal Rifle Corps 1st Battalion
  • Cpl. William Home. Queens Own Cameron Highlanders 1st Battalion Read their Story.
  • 2nd Lt. Richard William Mark Lockwood. Coldstream Guards 2nd Btn. Read their Story.
  • Capt. Douglas Keith Lucas Lucas-Tooth. DSO MID 9th (Queen's Loyal) Lancers Read their Story.
  • Capt. Douglas Keith Lucas Lucas-Tooth. DSO MID 9th (Queen's Royal) Lancers Read their Story.
  • Lt. Godfrey Lyall Miller. Royal Engineers 11th Field Coy Read their Story.
  • Pte. Thomas Salton Murray. Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders 1st Btn. Read their Story.
  • Lt. Herbert Lyttelton Pelham. Royal Sussex Regiment Read their Story.
  • Pte. James Quinn. Kings Own Scottish Borderers 2nd Btn. Read their Story.
  • Cpt. Theodore Wright. VC Royal Engineers Read their Story.
  • Capt. Theodore Wright. VC Royal Engineers 56th Field Coy. Read their Story.

    Add a name to this list.


  • Items from the Home Front Archive

    Diary found in trenches
    Diary found in trenches

    More about this item


    Do you have any letters, photos, postcards, documents or memorabilia from the Great War? We would love to include copies. Please use this form to submit diary entries and letters or photographs for this new Section: add to this archive.





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