The Wartime Memories Project - The Great War - Day by Day
7th September 1915On this day:
- Personnel changes 6th County of London Brigade RFA report
Capt. R.A. Corsan came down from Mazingarbe and took back 26 men from the 15th London Battery for a working party.
215 men from the 16th London Battery went up to Les Brebis as a working party for 47th Divisional Artillery HQ.
- 7th Sep 1915 Ports Bombarded
- 7th September 1915 9th Lancers Drill
- Zeppelin raids on London Two Army Zeppelins successfully bombed London on the night of the 7th of September. SL 2 dropped bombs on the Isle of Dogs, Deptford, Greenwich and Woolwich, and LZ 74 was forced to drop weight on its approach and scattered 39 bombs over Cheshunt, before heading on to London and dropped devices on Bermondsey, Rotherhithe and New Cross,one lone incendiary bomb dropped onto a shop on Fenchurch Street in London. Eighteen people were killed and 28 injured, property damage totalled £9,616. Fog and mist prevented any aircraft taking off, but anti-aircraft guns fired at LZ 74 with no effect.
Although these raids had no significant military impact, the psychological effect was considerable.
The Zeppelins attacked between ten and eleven o’clock, when the streets were full of people. An American writer wrote “Traffic is at a standstill. A million quiet cries make a subdued roar. Seven million people of the biggest city in the world stand gazing into the sky from the darkened streets. Among the autumn stars floats a long, gaunt Zeppelin. It is dull yellow—the colour of the harvest moon. The long fingers of searchlights, reaching up from the roofs of the city, are touching all sides of the death messenger with their white tips. Great booming sounds shake the city. They are Zeppelin bombs—falling, killing, burning. Lesser noises—of shooting—are nearer at hand, the noise of aerial guns sending shrapnel into the sky. If the men up there think they are terrifying London, they are wrong. They are only making England white-hot mad.”
The writer D.H. Lawrence described the raid in a letter to Lady Ottoline Morrell, "Then we saw the Zeppelin above us, just ahead, amid a gleaming of clouds: high up, like a bright golden finger, quite small (...) Then there was flashes near the ground — and the shaking noise. It was like Milton — then there was war in heaven. (...) I cannot get over it, that the moon is not Queen of the sky by night, and the stars the lesser lights. It seems the Zeppelin is in the zenith of the night, golden like a moon, having taken control of the sky; and the bursting shells are the lesser lights."
Eighteen people were killed in the raid, and 28 were wounded. Property damage totalled £9,616. The SL-2 suffered engine failure on the return trip home and had to crash land in Germany. Shortly after this raid Admiral Sir Percy Scott was placed in charge of the air defenses around London.
- 7th Sept 1915 65th Bde in Billets
- 7th Sep 1915 Improvised Rations
- 7th Sep 1915 Newspaper Exchange
- 7th Sep 1915 Aeroplane duels
- 7th Sep 1915 Under Fire
- 7th Sep 1915 Trench Work
- 7th Sep 1915 Reinforcements
- 7th Sep 1915 Reinforcements
- 7th Sep 1915 Inspection
- 1st Royal Scots on the march 1st Battalion Royal Scots marched to billets near Vieux-Berquin.
23 men arrived from hospital.
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