The Wartime Memories Project - The Great War - Day by Day
7th October 1914On this day:
- Fierce Bombardment at Antwerp Advancing German Forces bombard the City of Antwerp, the Belgian troops and a small number of their British allies, including the Royal Naval Division Collingwood Battalion, struggled to hold the city against the fierce shelling. The Belgian government which had relocated to the city when Brussels fell, was forced to retreat again, this time to Ostend.
- British attack enemy possitions at Jabassi In West Africa, British Forces commanded by Col E.H. Georges mount an attack on the enemy entrenchments at Jabassi, they sailed up the Wuri River with four field guns, landing three miles from the German positions, they advanced through the jungle and attacked the enemy. The British were driven back by machine gun fire but regrouped and attempted to flank the German forces but were forced to retreat back along the river to Duala.
- 7th Division land at Zeebrugge The 1st and 2nd Battalion Gordon Highlanders and the 2nd Scots Guards land at Zeebrugge as part of the 7th Division BEF.
- German troops arrive in Ypres German troops entered the city of Ypres via the Menin Gate and the Lille Gate, scouting parties were seen advancing to the north and west of the city. It is estimated that by that evening ten thousand troops had arrived in the city, the street and market square were packed with soldiers, horses, artillery pieces and field kitchens. The enemy took up billets in the Cloth Hall, the railway station, the schools, the barracks and homes in the city. The Mayor of Ypres advised his people to remain calm and stay indoors. The shops did a roaring trade, but were forced to accept payment in either German currency or coupons. Local bakers were ordered to prepare eight thousand bred rolls for the troops to be ready for following morning. Forage, horses, wagons were requisitioned, some paid for in coupons which would never be redeemed. There were reports of theft from homes and damage to the railway station.
- 1st Grenadier Guards proceed overseas 1st Battalion Grenadier Guards land at Zebrugge, crossing from Southampton.
- No 6 Squadron RFC arrive Bruges Areodrome No 6 Squadron Royal Flying Corps arrive at Bruges Areodrome having flown from Dover.
- 12th Field Coy RE at Vouty 12th Field Coy Royal Engineers, 6th Division, move their HQ from Nampteuil to Vouty.
- 2nd Wiltshires proceed overseas 2nd Battalion Wiltshire Regiment land at Zebrugge with 21st Brigade, 7th Division, BEF with orders to advance to assist in the defence of Antwerp.
- Blockships sunk in Burra Sound The Admiralty sank the Steamship Dyle as a blockship in the Burra Sound. The SS Dyle had been built in 1879 by A. Leslie & Co in Newcastle as the SS Widdrington, being renamed in 1902 when she was sold to Hemelryck & Geurts of Antwerp. In 1914 she was in a British shipbreaking yard before being used as a blockship, the wreak remains in place today in about 14 metres of water.
- Rumours of atrocities circulate At a meeting of the Manchester Geographical Society, a Manchester Clergiman informed them "You will hear only one-hundredth part of the actual atrocities this war has produced. The civilized world could not stand the truth. There are, up and down England to-day, scores – I am under-stating the number – of Belgian girls who have had their hands cut off. That is nothing to what we could tell you." More info.
- 13th KRRC move to Halton Park 13th Battn KRRC moved to Halton Park Camp, Wendover Bucks on the 7th & 8th Oct in two halves and lived under canvas. The battalion was clothed in emergency blue uniform and was equipped with 400 DP rifles and 600 wooden ones, this was later upgraded to one khaki service dress per man and 1000 DP rifles.
- 2nd Queens arrive in Bruges Headquarters & the right half of the Battalion remained in billets at Oost Camp.
The left half of the Battalion disembarked from the 'SS Turcoman' during the morning and entrained about 1730 hours for Bruges, the Machine Gun Section and Transport being left to follow by route march.
The left half Battalion reached Oost Camp about 2100 hours and rejoined the Battalion and the Transport arrived at 0300 hours on the 8th October 1914.
- 13th KRRC arrive Halton Park Camp 13th Battalion Kings Royal Rifle Corps arrived at Halton Park Camp, on the 7th & 8th Oct in two halves.
- Further moves for 3rd Brigade RHA E Battery 3rd Brigade RHA started out at 0800 and halted until 1400 near Mezieres as a reserve to French Troops but were not wanted and marched through Amiens to billets at Longpre about 1900.
- 7th Oct 1914 1st East Lancs on the march
- 7th Oct 1914 Night March
- 7th Oct 1914 Chased from Village to Village
- 7th Oct 1914 In Billets
- 7th Oct 1914 On the March
- 7th Oct 1914 Enemy Fire
- 7th Oct 1914 On the March
- Second assualt on Jabassi In West Africa, British Forces commanded by Col E.H. Georges mount a second attack on the enemy entrenchments at Jabassi, as the Wuri River was once again high enough to sail the barges loaded with field guns. The British made landings on both sides of the river and were successful in capturing the position, forcing the Germans to retreat into the mountains of Kamerun. Ten European enemy were taken prisoner. In holding Jabassi the British are able to better protect their forces at Duala and Victoria from possible counter attack.
- 7th Oct 1914 Royal Horse Guards in Belgium
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