The Wartime Memories Project - The Great War - Day by Day
6th June 1915On this day:
- Zeppelin Raid There was a Zeppelin attack on Hull as high winds prevented Kapitšnleutnant Heinrich Mathy in L.9 from reaching his primary target which had been London.
L-9's presence was first spotted just after 19:00 by intercepted wireless traffic when it was 100 miles away over the North Sea. Major General Ferrier, commander of the Humber Defences, ordered all lights in the city to be extinguished at 21:30.
At about 23:45, L-9 was spotted above Hedon, to the east of Hull. General Ferrier's staff officer said it was distinct against a clear sky, at an altitude estimated to be 3,000ft (900m). The Zeppelin crossed the coast at Bridlington and followed the railway lines to Hull, dropping flares to light up the dockland area at 2340. The only defences were the hastily pointed guns of HMS Adventure which was under repair at Earle's shipyard at Alexandra Dock. The officer saw three bombs dropped.
One bomb landed on the city's ancient High Street, in the centre of the Old Town, making a hole 6ft (2m) deep and fracturing the water and gas mains. The gas main was ignited by the blast but a pipe layer with Hull Corporation stopped the breach with wet clay and extinguished the fire.
The inferno caused lead in the church's stained glass windows to melt, but the building survived. A drapery store, only 27ft from the church and The Fleece Inn nearby were consumed by fire.
In all 13 high explosive and 50 incendiary bombs destroyed 40 shops and dwellings killing 24 civilians. The death and destruction resulted in anti-German feeling on the ground and provoked attacks against German-owned butchers in the city.
Another raid by three Zeppelins also failed due to the weather and as the craft returned to Evere they were intercepted by RNAS aircraft flying from Furnes, France.
LZ.38 was destroyed on the ground.
LZ.37 was intercepted in the air by R. A. J. Warneford in his Morane Parasol. He dropped six 20 pounds (9.1 kg) Hales bombs on the Zeppelin which caught fire and crashed into the convent school of Sint-Amandsberg. Two nuns were killed and only one man of the crew of the Zeppelin survived. Warneford was awarded the Victoria Cross for his achievement.
As a further consequence of the raid both the Army and Navy withdrew from their bases in Belgium as their vulnerability was now clear.
- 6th London Brigade RFA in Action 15th London Battery fired 4 rounds at 1630, 4 rounds at 1735, and 4 rounds at 1810 on A.30.b.4.8. 16th London Battery did not fire. 17 London Battery in reply to 2 rounds from the enemy fired 4 rounds on the Bois Carre. At 1730 17th London Battery fired 12 rounds on Bois Carre and German front line trenches, at G.23.a. At 2000 fired 2 rounds on Aulluch Road.
A few officers attended a demonstration of the working and affect of gas.
- 6th June 1915 Memorial service
- Suspicious meningitis cases are negative Officer in charge of Mobile Laboratory visited the Field Ambulance today and saw all the suspicious cases, and also those segregated in tents of 5/Scottish Rifles, and pronounced the opinion that he considered them negative.
General Snow 27th Division visited the Field Ambulance today.
- 1st Bn Herts billets at Cambrin The Bn moved at 9.15pm. Nos. 1&2 Coys in billets at Cambrin.
- 6th Jun 1915 19th Seige Bty RGA in action
- 6th Jun 1915 Sentry Snoring
- 6th Jun 1915 In Support
- 6th Jun 1915 Inspection
- 6th Jun 1915 Reinforcements
- 6th Jun 1915 On the March
- 6th June 1915
- 7th June 1915 In Reserve
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