The Wartime Memories Project - The Great War - Day by Day
5th December 1917On this day:
- 5th Dec 1917 Training
- 21st Londons withdraw from Bourlon Wood At just after 12 midnight on the morning of the 5th December, 21st Battalion, London Regiment withdraws from Bourlon Wood according to plan to Hindenburg Support Line – casualties Lieut. Hunt killed, 2 o.r. wounded.
4 a.m. Outpost line (2 platoons from C Coy 21st Londons) under Lieut J Edmunds withdrew without casualty from Bourlon Wood.
6.30 a.m. Outpost line reported back with the 21st London Battn.
The Battalion extended in accordance with 142 Inf Bde: Operational Order 240. Dispositions being 4 Companies, each disposed in depth, 2 platoons in main line of resistance, 1 platoon in outpost line. Major R.H. Tolerton came forward to relieve Lt Col Dawes, & temporarily assumed command of the Battn. Battn HQ in 5.9’ gunpits in forward trench system.
War Diary 21 Londons
- Daily Activity 9th Btn. (North Irish Horse) the Royal Irish Fusiliers.
Trenches south of Marcoing.
Battalion in the line. Captain Flood was killed at 0900 by shrapnel.
- Gotha Night raids Poor weather prevented raids in November, and the Gotha crews occupied themselves with training flights. To lessen the chance of a raid meeting adverse weather, in December the Germans began to send out a radio-equipped Rumpler C.IV to make weather observations off the English coast. The weather cleared on 5 December, when 19 Gothas and two Giants attacked in several waves. Casualties were light but over £100,000 of damage was caused, most of this in London. Two Gothas were brought down by anti-aircraft fire: one, with one engine disabled, attempted a landing at Rochford aerodrome, but struck a tree on approach and crashed, and the second came down near Canterbury. In both cases all the crew survived, but a third aircraft and crew was reported as missing.
- U-Boat Index - WW1 SM U-108
Type U 93
Shipyard Germaniawerft, Kiel (Werk 277)
Ordered 5 May 1916
Launched 11 Oct 1917
Commissioned 5 Dec 1917
5 Dec 1917 - 11 Nov 1918 Martin Nitzsche
Career 3 patrols.
start date unknown - 11 Nov 1918 IV Flotilla.
Successes 1 ship sunk with a total of 7,484 tons.
15 Jul 1918 U 108 Martin Nitzsche Barunga 7,484 br.
Fate 20 Nov 1918 - Surrendered to France. Became the french submarine Léon Mignot until 24 July 1935. Broken up.
There was another U 108 in World War Two.
That boat was launched from its shipyard on 15 Jul 1940 and commissioned into the Kriegsmarine on 22 Oct 1940.
- 5th December 1917 Mid-air collision
- ARLEUX EN GOHELLE
Enemy artillery active during the morning. He shelled TIRED ALLEY (from its junction with RED LINE) to ARLEUX LOOP NORTH. ARLEUX LOOP NORTH near the ARLEUX SUGAR FACTORY ROAD also received attention. This shelling was rather heavy, 5.9 being principally used, and considerable damage was done to the trenches. At 10pm he opened a very heavy gas shell bombardment on the SUGAR FACTORY, WILLERVAL and in B.5.a. which continued until midnight, however, as we had previous warning that gas was expected, our men were fully alert. Our artillery were active during the day. 6 enemy balloons were seen up during the day & E.A. were also active.
The National Archives Reference WO95/2361/1
- 5th Dec 1917 Reliefs Completed
- 5th Dec 1917 Training & Football
- 5th Dec 1917 In the Trenches
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Killed, Wounded, Missing and Prisoner Reports published this day.
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