The Wartime Memories Project - The Great War - Day by Day
4th August 1914On this day:
- Shot fired on the Mersey The first shot by the British in the Great War was fired one of the guns of Fort Perch Rock on the Mersey, as a warning across the bow of a Norwegian vessel which ignored a signal to halt, just 30 minutes after war had been declared.
- Earthquake in Jamaica A severe earthquake was felt across the colony of Jamaica, particularly on the north side and the eastern end of the island. Considerable damage reported in Port Antonio, but no lives have been lost.
- British Army Mobilises Across Britain the trains, towns and cities were filled with soldiers and officers in khaki as they were recalled to their units after the Bank Holiday Weekend. The Territorial Forces, who had set out for their annual summer camps, were ordered home to take up their war stations.
Homefires Burning - Gavin Roynon
- 1st Royal Scots in Gosport 1st Battalion, Royal Scots Fusiliers were based in Gosport as part of 9th Brigade, 3rd Division when war broke out in 1914.
- 40th Brigade RFA mobilise 40th Brigade Royal Field Artillery were at Bulford Camp and at once began to mobilise for war.
- 1st Royal Fusiliers mobilized 1st Royal Fusiliers at the barracks at Kinsale, Ireland received the order to mobilize at 6pm.
- Berkshire Regiment at Aldershot 1st Battalion Berkshire Regiment were at Aldershot when war broke out in 1914. At 5.30pm Orders were received to mobilize
- 2nd Royal Irish Regiment at Devonport 2nd Battalion the Royal Irish Regiment were in Devonport, as part of 8th Brigade, 3rd Division when war broke out in August 1914.
- 5th Durhams deployed to Hartlepool and South Gare The territorials of the 5th Battalion Durham Light Infantry are deployed to Hartlepool and South Gare to dig coastal trenches to defend the mouth of the River Tees.
11th DLI Martin Bashforth
- 2nd West Riding Brigade leave Marske The 2nd West Riding Brigade are at their annual camp near Marske on the North Yorkshire Coast, they broke camp this morning. 3000 territorials of the 4th, 5th, 6th and 7th Battalions, Duke of Wellington's West Riding Regiment marched to Saltburn station and entrained on specially commissioned rolling stock, for their home bases.
11th DLI Martin Bashforth
- West Yorkshire Territorials march into Scarborough The Territorials of the West Riding Brigade, 5th, 7th and 8th Battalions West Yorkshire Regiment broke camp near Scarborough and marched to Scarborough railway station to entrain for the journey home.
- Anti War Meeting in Darlington A crowd of over 1000 protestors gathered in the Market Place at Darlington to attend a meeting called by Darlington Trades Council to urge the British Government to remain neutral, W.G. Loraine of the National Union of Railwaymen lead the speeches.
11th DLI Martin Bashforth
- Poplar and Stepney Rifles return from Salisbury Plain 17th (Poplar and Stepney Rifles) Battalion, The London Regiment. It was a Terratorial unit and had its headquarters at 66 Tredegar Road, Bow, when war broke out in August 1914. It was part of 5th London Brigade, 2nd London Division (later the 47th Division). The Division had just arrived for their annual summer camp on Salisbury Plain when war was declared in August 1914 and they were at once recalled to their home base and mobilised for war service.
- 5th Welsh return from Portmadoc The 5th Batalion, Welsh Regiment were at Portmadoc for their annual camp when war was declared, they at once returned to man their war station at Fort Scoveston.
- 4th Aug 1914 Battleships in Pursuit
- 2nd Battalion West Yorkshire Regiment were in Malta when war was declared in
- 59th Field Coy RE to mobilize 4th Aug. 1914, 5.30pm Ireland. Telegram 'Mobilize' received by 59th Field Company Royal Engineers
- Mobilization Order 2nd Battalion - Royal Irish Regiment
Tuesday, August 4th, 1914 - Devonport
Order to mobilize received
- 4th Aug 1914 All ready.
- Mobilise At 4.00 p.m. on 4th of August 1914, the War Office began the process of mobilising the Regular Army and to recall regular reservists to the colours. A telegram, containing one word "Mobilise" was despatched to all commands and garrisons.
At Aldershot, the signal came from the Headquarters of Aldershot Command at Stanhope Lines at 6.30 p.m. A soldier came out from the side entrance of the Headquarters Office and hoisted three large black balls on the flagstaff on the lawn outside the building.
Around the country, telegrams and policemen notified regular reservists that they were to report to their old regiments.
- 4th Aug 1914 Guiseley Territorials Mobilise
- 4th Aug 1914 Battery Ready for Service
- 4th Aug 1914 Orders to Mobilise
- 4th Aug 1914 In France
- 4th Aug 1914 Mobilisation
- Gloucestershire Hussars mobilise The Order to mobilise the Gloucestershire Hussars was given at 7pm on August 4th 1914. They joined the 1st South Midland Brigade with the Warwickshire and Worcestershire Yeomanry, based Newbury Racecourse. The Brigade then moved to the east coast of England in case of a German invasion. In September a second Regiment of the R.G.H. was raised, and later a third.
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Killed, Wounded, Missing and Prisoner Reports published this day.
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Items from the Home Front Archive
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