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1st September 1916 - The Great War, Day by Day - The Wartime Memories Project

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The Wartime Memories Project - The Great War - Day by Day



1st September 1916

On this day:


  • HMEF Avonmouth opens.   H.M. Explosive Factory Avonmouth, Gloucestershire started in September 1916 for the production of mustard gas. First output was in July 1918. It was under the direct control of the Ministry of Munitions.

  • Continuous Barrage    236th London Brigade Royal Field Artillery at Bottom Wood. Continuous barrage kept up by Brigade all day except by B236 and A236 Batteries who dropped out about midday after being violently shelled by 8 inch guns. They had to abandon position. The barrage was taken on by C236 Battery until relieved by the 238th Brigade. One man was wounded and one or two others were rather badly shaken. Enemy artillery very active. It was decided to change position of one section of A236 Battery.

    War Diaries


  • Messines Sector - Flanders   16th Btn. Royal Irish Rifles - Pioneers.

    Towards the end of August the 36th Division moved a little further north to take over from the 50th Division with its left boundary south of the Kemmel – Wytschaete Road and its right flank being the River Douve. As a result the 16th moved its HQ and numbers 2 and 4 Companies to Dranoutres.

    The heat of August turned to the arrival of September and torrential rain. The new trench positions also needed extensive repairs, which were too much for a single Pioneer Battalion, so each Brigade was tasked to form labour squads and carry out repairs to their own sections. To assist in management of the work some experienced members from the 16th were attached to each work group. The Battalion’s own workload still included the full range of Wiring, Trenches, Saps, Dugouts and Screening.

    When it rained (as it often did for days and weeks on end) water would still gather within the defensive lines so it was necessary to use inverted timber A-frames in upright positions at regular intervals and insert timber planks(duck-boarding)to provide reasonably dry underfoot movement throughout the trenches. Beneath the decking was a void one or two feet in depth through which the excess water could flow to outlet drains. A small stream running through the area caused deep flooding in rainy periods all of which added to the Pioneer’s tasks which were carried out, often in full view of the German Artillery observers.

    The Divisions positions were also on low lying ground with little or no cover and the enemy had a commanding view from his positions on the Messines Ridge. Another necessary defensive measure was the need for extensive screening along roads and communication routes to protect personnel and traffic from being in full view of enemy artillery and snipers. This also helped to protect work parties after the screens were in place.

    Improvements to Billets and Quarters together with the construction of Horse standings continued until the end of September.

    Major Gardiner, Second in Command, was posted to 20th Bn Royal Irish Rifles in Newtownards and his place taken by Captain Allen, promoted to Major with Lt Maxwell appointed as Adjutant.

    September Casualties - Other Ranks several wounded, numbers not given.

    The Terrors by SN White


  • 1st of September 1916 Leaky Gas Cylinders

  • Brigade Day   6th Battalion Lincolnshire Regiment take part in the Brigade Day at Houvigneul.

    war diaries


  • 1st September 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

  • Hotchkiss training   9th Queens Royal Lancers are in Billets at Incheville - Regimental Parade at 1300. Hotchkiss field firing was carried out on the Belgian Field Firing Range at Hautebut from 1600 to 1730.

    war diaries


  • 1st Sep 1916 Difficult to Convey

  • Sep 1916 In Action

  •    18th DLI are in trenches in the Festubert Sector: "Fair. 92 Bde on our left bombarded hostile trenches. Very weak reply. Exceptionally quiet day.

    20.30. 18th Battn DLI, less D Co. which remained in Left O.B.L relieved by 15th West Yorks without casualties & proceeded into billets at Le Touret."

    The National Archives Reference WO95/2361/1


  • Sep 1916 Transfer

  • 1st Sep 1916 In the Trenches

  • 1st Sep 1916 Reliefs Completed

  • 1st Sep 1916 Reliefs

  • 1st Sep 1916 Reinforcements

  • 1st of September 1916 Gas Attack





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Want to know more?


There are:16 articles tagged with this date available in our Library

  These include information on officers service records, letters, diaries, personal accounts and information about actions during the Great War.




Remembering those who died this day.

  • Cpl. John Bennett. Royal Welsh Fusiliers 2nd Battalion Read their Story.
  • Rfmn. James Bede Linskey. Rifle Brigade 3rd Battalion Read their Story.
  • Pte. Matthew Nightingale. Northumberland Fusiliers 24th (Tyneside Irish) Battalion Read their Story.
  • Pte. Patrick O'Keeffe. Royal Irish Regiment 6th Battalion Read their Story.
  • Pte. Patrick O'Keeffe. Royal Irish Regiment 6th Btn. Read their Story.
  • Pte. Alexander Henry Parkes. Royal Fusiliers 2nd Bn. Read their Story.
  • Pte. Edwin Sagar. East Lancashire Regiment 1st Btn. Read their Story.
  • Pte. William Stephenson. Royal Army Medical Corps 21st Field Ambulance Read their Story.

    Add a name to this list.


  • Items from the Home Front Archive


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