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1st September 1915 - The Great War, Day by Day - The Wartime Memories Project

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The Wartime Memories Project - The Great War - Day by Day



1st September 1915

On this day:


  • 19 Squadron formed   No. 19 Squadron was formed from a nucleus from No. 5 Reserve Squadron at Castle Bromwich on 1st of September 1915.

  • 12th Battalion Northumberland Fusiliers proceed to France   12th (Service) Battalion Northumberland Fusiliers proceed to France in September 1915.

  • NPF Holm Foundry, Cathcart opens.   National Projectile Factory Holm Foundry, Cathcart, Lancashire started up in September 1915 producing 8-in. shell, with first output being in April 1916. In 1917 and 1918 aeronautical work was undertaken. It was under the control of G&I Weir.

  • NPF Tinsley opens.   National Projectile Factory Tinsley, near Sheffield, West Yorkshire started up in September 1915 producing Shell forgings for 4.5-in. and 60-pdr. shell. First output was January 1916. It was under the control of T. Firth & Sons.

  • NPF Templeborough opens   National Projectile Factory Templeborough, near Rotherham, West Yorkshire started up in September 1915 producing Shell forgings for 4.5-in. and 60-pdr. shell. . First output was January 1916. It was under the control of T. Firth & Sons.

  • NPF East Hecla Works opens   National Projectile Factory East Hecla Works, Sheffield, West Yorkshire started up in September 1915 producting 9.2-in. shell. First output was March 1916. In 1917 and 1918 produced 60-pdr. guns and undertook gun repairs. It was under the control of Hadfield Ltd.

  • NSF Corporation Tramway Department, Bury opens   National Shell Factory Corporation Tramway Department, Bury, Lancashire started in September 1915 producing. 18-pdr. and 4.5-in.shell and rectifying shell. First output was Summer 1916. It was under the control of the Board of Management

  • NSF Drill Hall, Strand Road, Carlisle opens   National Shell Factory Drill Hall, Strand Road, Carlisle, Cumbria started in September 1915 producing 18-pdr. shell and rectifying proof shot. First output was early 1916. It was under the control of the Board of Management.

  • NSF Edge Lane, Liverpool opens.   National Shell Factory Edge Lane, Liverpool, Lancashire started in September 1915 producing 4.5-in. and 6-in. shell forgings and 4.5-in. cartridge cases. First output was February 1916. It was under the control of the Board of Management.

  • Burry Extension Works, Llanelli opens.   National Shell Factory Burry Extension Works, Llanelli, Carmarthenshire started in September 1915 producing 6-in. shell. First output was February 1916. It was under the control of the Board of Management.

  • NFF Abbey Wood, London opens.   National Filling Factory Abbey Wood, London started in September 1915, filling and assembling shell components. First output was January 1916. It was under the control of the Board of Management.

  • NFF Quedgeley opens.   National Filling Factory Quedgeley, Gloucester started in September 1915, Filling 18-pdr., 4.5-in. and 60-pdr shell, cartridges and components. First output was March 1916. It was under the control of the Board of Management.

  • NFF Paisley, Georgetown opens.   National Filling Factory Paisley, Georgetown, Renfrewshire was a which started in September 1915, Filling shell (13-pdr. to 12-in.) cartridges, components, trench mortar bombs. First output was January 1916. It was under the control of the Board of Management.

  • NFF Hayes opens.   National Filling Factory Hayes, Middlesex was started up in September 1915, filling shell (18-pdr. to 12-in.), cartridges, components. First output was October 1915. It was under the control of the direct control of the Ministry of Munitions.

  • NFF Barnbow opens.   National Filling Factory Barnbow, Leeds, West Yorkshire started in September 1915, filling shell (18-pdr. to 6-in.), cartridges, components. First output was December 1915. It was under the control of the Board of Management.

  • NFF Govan opens.   National Filling Factory Govan, Cardonald, Glasgow started in September 1915, filling minor shell components. First output was January 1916. It was under the control of Nobel's Explosives Co.

  • TWFF Balmoral Road, Watford opens.   Trench Warfare Filling Factory Balmoral Road, Watford, Hertfordshire started in September 1915, filling and assembling trench warfare bombs, filling chemical shell exploders. First output was October 1915. It was under the control of the Watford Manufacturing Company.

  • NGF Great Tindal Street, Birmingham opens.   National Gauge Factory Great Tindal Street, Birmingham, Warwickshire started in September 1915 manufacturing Gauges, small tools etc. It was under the control of Chatwin Ltd.

  • NPF Ypres Factory, Renfrew opens.   Ypres Factory, Renfrew, Renfrewshire was a National Projectile Factory which started in September 1915, producing 9.2-in. and 12-in. forgings and shells. First output was Summer 1916. It was under the control of Babcock & Wilcox.

  • NSF Llanelli opens.   National Shell Factory Llanelli, Carmarthenshire started in September 1915 and was engaged in rectifying 18-pdr and 6-in shell. It was under the direct control of the Board of Management.

  • Relocations   6th London Brigade RFA moved from Gosnay, with 15th, 16th and 17th London Batteries going to Place a Bruay. 6th London Ammunition Column moved to Haillicourt.

  • Training and move preparations   16th Btn.Royal Irish Rifles - Pioneers.

    The comfort and scenic stay near the Downs and Sussex villages came to a close at the end of August when the whole 36th Division moved to Bordon and Bramshott . This was mainly to allow the Division the use of numerous ranges in the area to complete their weapon training with live ammunition including bombing, mortars, Lewis and machine guns.

    During the month most men got 4 days home leave and all returned to the battalion fit and ready for action. Colonel Leader, back from his visit to France, was pleased to note that the Battalion’s training had covered most of the requirements for active service. Finally most of the “comforts” gathered from friends at home, were distributed to the men for the winter season ahead.

    So the Battalion consisting of Headquarters and four companies was now ready for the move to France, there to be tested in extreme conditions, in which their training and sense of comradeship would enable them to maintain their discipline and military bearing over a lengthy and arduous campaign.

  • 1st Battalion Royal Scots in France 1915.   1st Battalion Royal Scots in France 1915.

  • 1st Sptember 1915 9th Lancers working party

  • Reserve position   E Battery 3rd Brigade RHA

    1st to 3rd September - in reserve near Blaringhem with 5th Cavalry Brigade.

  • 3rd Monmouth on the Yser Canal   During 1915, it had become very clear that the digging of fire trenches and communication trenches and the construction of light railways and bridges required specialist skills and knowledge and that there was a need for specialised units to do this work who were also fully trained infantrymen. It was soon recognised that units raised in mining areas had all the necessary experience and skill to fulfil this role and so the idea of the Pioneer Battalions took shape. All three battalions of the Monmouthshire Regiment become the pioneer battalions for their respective divisions.

    At the beginning of September 1915 the 3rd Mons were sent to the Yser canal front just north of Ypres. Here they set up their battalion headquarters in Elverdinghe Chateau, which stood among a largely undamaged forest of “splendid oaks”. The canal and the front line were below sea level in this are and flooding and mud was a constant problem. The battalion set about the construction of a series of drainage ditches to ease the problem.

  • 20 Squadron formed   No 20 Squadron formed at Netheravon on 1st September 1915 from crew of No. 7 Reserve Squadron. They proceeded to France in January 1916 as the R.F.C.'s first officially designated 'fighter-reconnaissance" squadron, equipped with the ungainly-looking but very strong and reliable F.E.2B design from the Royal Aircraft Factory. These 2-seater fighters were exceptionally light and agile and, with a pusher propeller at the rear and the observer/gunner positioned ahead of the pilot with uninterrupted field of fire, these proved to be one of the more successful early designs. The unit's main role was to carry out deep reconnaissance behind the German lines: photographing and reporting all German army movements, defences and troop dispositions within the patrol area, while simultaneously seeking out and destroying German aircraft and occasionally carrying out bombing raids. As an effective fighter force they were often deployed to protect and keep watch over reconnaissance missions by other squadrons.  More info.

  • 1st September 1915 Relocation

  • 1st Sep 1915 19th Seige Bty RGA suffer losses

  • 1st Sep 1915 In Hells Mouth

  • 1st Sep 1915 Determined Fighters

  • 1st Sep 1915 Orders to Get up Close

  • 1st Sep 1915 Tube Helmets issued

  • 1st September 1915 

  • 1st Sep 1915 Routine

  • 1st Sep 1915 Relief

  • 1st Sep 1915 Poor Conditions

  • 1st Sep 1915 Orders

  • 1st Sep 1915 Preparations

  • 1st Sep 1915 On the Move

  • Sep 1915 Training

  • 1st Sep 1915 Preparations

  • 1st Sep 1915 On the Move





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There are:43 articles tagged with this date available in our Library

  These include information on officers service records, letters, diaries, personal accounts and information about actions during the Great War.




Remembering those who died this day.

  • Pte. John Gallacher. Royal Scots 1st Battalion Read their Story.

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  • Items from the Home Front Archive


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