The Wartime Memories Project - The Great War - Day by Day
1st September 1914On this day:
- U-Boat U4 joins training flotilla SM U-4 was a Type U 3 U-boat built at the Shipyard Kaiserliche Werft, Danzig (Werk 3) Ordered 13 Aug 1907, launched 18 May 1909 and commissioned 1 Jul 1909. On the 1 Aug 1914 she joined the training Flotilla
On gthe 27 Jan 1919 she was stricken,and broken up at the Imperial Navy Dockyard, Kiel. The hull was sold to Stinnes on 3 Feb 1920.
- Sep 1914 9th Battalion Sussex Regiment raised.
- 8th Battalion Yorks and Lancs raised York and Lancaster Regiment 8th Battalion was raised at Pontefract in September 1914 as part of Kitcheners Third Army and joined 70th Brigade, 23rd Division. They moved to Frensham for training.
- 12th Battalion Northumberland Fusiliers raised 12th (Service) Battalion Northumberland Fusiliers was formed at Newcastle in September 1914 as part of K3, they joined 62nd Brigade, 21st Division.
- Manchester City Battalion Recruiting Signing up for the 1st City Battalion, Manchester Regiment took place at the Artillery HQ on Hyde Road and later at Manchester Town Hall
- Lever Brother's employees join up 500 men volunteered to join up with what would become the 13th Cheshires at the first meeting at Gladstone Hall, PortSunlight. All being employees at Lever Brothers soap factory.
By 7 th September 1914 700 employees had joined
( All original members had W prefixes to their service number)
- Recruitment of 16th (Service) Battalion Royal Irish Rifles 16th (Service) Battalion Royal Irish Rifles (Pioneers).
[Second County Down Volunteers]
Introduction: This summary of the history of the 16th Battalion from September 1914 to May 1919, is recorded mainly on a monthly basis with events listed on the 1st day of each month except in circumstances requiring further breakdown when details of other dates entered will be listed on the 1st of each month as a guide to the reader.
The actual War Diaries did not commence until the move to France in October 1915. Since I do not have direct access to the diaries, I have, by kind permission of the Somme Heritage Centre, used extracts from the book "The Terrors" by Lt.Col SN White (deceased)as the source.
At the outbreak of war in 1914 the Home Rule Issue in Ireland had a considerable effect on volunteer recruitment. The Ulster Volunteer Force had over 80,000 armed volunteers in its ranks, but there was a reluctance to enlist due to the Home Rule concerns which existed at the time. It was thought that resistance to Home Rule would be weakened by reducing the force available should armed opposition prove necessary. The issue was eventually set aside for the duration of the war and it was then agreed between Lord Kitchener and Sir Edward Carson that 10,000 volunteers would be raised in the war effort with uniforms and equipment ordered for that number. Home Rule meant a parliament in Dublin at which Ulster Protestants felt they would be outnumbered and they might eventually finish up as a minority in a Catholic State separate from the United Kingdom.
- 2/4th Btn Black Watch Raised 2/4th (City of Dundee) Battalion Black Watch is formed at Dundee in early September 1914, they moved to Broughty Ferry to man the Tay Defences.
- 2nd Life Guards appointment of Brigadier General Kavanagh 2nd Life Guards war diary records; The Brigade assembled at Windmill Court, Ludgershall. Squadron and Regimental Training then continued.
- Guns to defend the Ardeer Factory In September 1914 the Ardeer Battery was built on the shoreline to defend the Noble's Explosives Ardeer Factory, against attack from the sea. The a 12-pdr Breech Loading gun, being the property of the Nobel Company, was manned by a detachment of Royal Garrison Artillery. The entire six mile perimeter of the works was protected by barbed wire entanglements and fences.The factory was situated between the sea and the River Garnock near Stevenson, Ayrshire. It had been opened in 1873 by The British Dynamite Company, for the manufacture of dynamite.
- 2nd Queens in St. Helena The 2nd Battalion Queens vessel 'HMT Kenilworth Castle' is now anchored in St Helena.
Garrison recently supplemented with 300 Royal Garrison Artillery. Volunteer Corps of 150 formed.
- 12th Battalion Yorkshire Regiment in Middlesbrough The 12th Battalion Yorkshire Regiment established their Drill Hall in Lytton Street, Middlesbrough.
- U-Boat SM2 Joins Training Flotilla SM U-2 joined the Training Flotilla on the 1st of August 1914. A
Type U 2 she was built at the Shipyard Kaiserliche Werft, Danzig (Werk 1)
Ordered 4 Mar 1906, she was launched 18 Jun 1908 and commissioned a month later. On the 19 Feb 1919 she was stricken and broken up at Stinnes.
- Sheffield City Battalion to be raised At the end of a lecture on the war at the Victoria Hall in Sheffield, the University Vice Chancellor Mr H.A.L. Fisher announced that formal War Office approval was expected to be given for the formation of the Sheffield City Battalion and that enrolment of volunteers would begin on the afternoon of the 2nd at the Town Hall.
The idea of the battalion had been proposed by two students of Sheffield University and had approached Mr Fisher who had taken up the cause.
- 415 Active Service Lodge formed 415 Active Service Lodge, a masonic lodge is formed of about two dozen officers and men 7th Royal Irish Fusiliers. Few records of it survive.
- Retire to Antilly E Battery 3rd Brigade RHA
Started out at farm, fell back to Antilly and bivouacked. In action several times but did not get a chance to shoot. In bivouac by 2000.
- 1st September 1914 Continued withdrawals
- 1st September 1914 Further Action
- 1st Sep 1914 Caught with their Coats Off
- 1st Sep 1914 A Sharp Fight
- 1st Sep 1914 After our Blood
- Sep 1914 1st Scots Guards appoint photographer
- 8th DLI on the Move 8th Btn. Durham Light Infantry arrived at Scotts House Camp, East Boldon where they remained for three weeks.
- 1st Sep 1914 Rear Guard
- Formation of the County of Durham Battalion
In the bitter days of early September 1914, under the chairmanship of the Earl of Durham, a committee of gentlemen from the County of Durham, including Colonel R. Burdon, V.D., M.P., Sir William
Gray, Bart., and H. Pike Pease, M.P., agreed to raise and equip at their own expense a Battalion from County of Durham, making special appeals to Durham, Darlington, the Hartlepools, Middlesbrough,
Stockton, Sunderland and Bishop Auckland.
The raising of such a Battalion was actually first mooted by Major F. T. Tristram in a letter to Colonel R. Burdon, and it was brought into being as a direct outcome of their strenuous efforts seconded by
Lieutenant-Colonel H. Bowes and cordially supported by the Lord-Lieutenant of the County.
The idea, conceived and carried into effect, was to raise and
equip a Battalion in the County at the sole expense of subscribers, and it should be observed that this Battalion was the only unit in the country that was so raised, the initial expenses connected with the
formation of other Battalions being refunded by the
Appeals were at once made for funds for the provision of equipment, etc., and the response amounted to upwards of £10,000. Lord Durham in addition generously offered to place Cocken Hall at the disposal of the Committee : this certainly saved the county a further expenditure of between £6000 and £??? and without its use it would have been impossible to house the recruits who poured in rapidly directly the
proposal to form a County Battalion was made public.
List of Subscribers:
- The Earl of Durham, K.G., etc., Lambton Castle, Fence Houses.
- Colonel R. Burdon, V.D., M.P., J.P., Castle Eden.
- Mrs. Matthew Gray.
- Sir Lindsay Wood, Bart, The Hermitage, Chester-le-Street.
- The Executors of the late Sir Stephen Furness, Baltic Chambers, West Hartlepool.
- Colonel H. Doughty, J.P., Seaton Carew.
- C. E. Hunter, Esq., Wemmergill, Middleton-in-Teesdale.
- Colonel Sir Robert Ropner, Bart., Preston Hall, near Stockton-on-Tees.
- A. F. Pease, Esq., J.P., Middleton Lodge, Middleton Tyas.
- The Right Hon. H. Pike Pease, M.P., House of Commons.
- Colonel J. H. Ropner, V.D., J.P., Ragworth, Norton-on-Tees.
- Colonel C. W. Darwin, C.B., J.P., Dryburn, Durham.
- R. Hutton Wilson, Esq., Egglescliffe S.O.
- F. Fenwick, Esq., J. p.. Forester's Lodge, Wolsingham.
- W. O. Wood, Esq., J.P., South Hetton.
- Colonel Roberts, Hollingside, Durham.
- W. Sewell, Esq., Manor House, North Bridge Street, Sunderland.
- John Feetham, Esq., Whinfield, Darlington.
It is not to be supposed, however, that the formation of the battalion was carried out at the cost of little or no trouble. As a matter of fact, the work was attended with considerable difficulty.
At the outset the War Office was totally opposed to Battalions
being raised in such a way, and obstacles were thrown in the way of the promoters, but Colonel R. Burdon, by dint of perseverance, eventually succeeded in obtaining official sanction to go ahead with the scheme.
Curiously enough, after first strongly opposing the project, the War Office subsequently commended highly the success achieved in Durham, and Lord Kitchener summoned Colonel Burdon to London and expressed the thanks of the country to the county for having presented the nation with so fine a Battalion. Composed, as it was, of picked officers and men, the Battalion was unquestionably a unit of which any county and any country might well have been proud.
- 1st Sep 1914 Back in Blighty
- 1st Sep 1914 A Rude Awakening
- 1st Sep 1914 Outpost Duty
- 1st Sep 1914 Reorganisation
- 1st Sep 1914 Allowances
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