The Wartime Memories Project - The Great War - Day by Day
1st August 1918On this day:
- Remembrance Day
The Lord Mayor of London in a letter to The Daily News, invites his fellow citizens to attend with him the 10.30 am service t St Paul's on Sunday next, when the fourth anniversary of Great Britain's entry into the war will solemnly be observed as a "Day of Remembrance"
"Such an occasion" says the Lord Mayor, "will enable us as a community to recall all that has befallen our Empire in these four fateful years, and especially the services and sacrifices of those who have fought and fallen in the scared cause of freedom, justice and humanity. It will also permit us to reconsecrate ourselves, in the memory of all the high traditions and ideals for which we have been fighting, for the possibly greater demands of the future."
He adds that there will be a simultaneous offering of prayer and thanks giving in every city, town and village throughout the country and throughout the Empire.
The Daily News
- Striking Back at the enemy 16th Btn. Royal Irish Rifles - Pioneers.
St Jans Capel.
Work continued in the St Jans Capel sector into August.
No.1 Company was detailed with maintenance and repairs of the following roads:
Fontaine – Berthen, Berthen – Schaexken, Rossignol – Piebrouk, Piebrouk – Berthen and Staines House roads.
No.3 Company was tasked with constructing mined dugouts near Rossignol, for the Medical Dressing Station and Brigade HQ. It was also responsible for deepening, duck-boarding and wiring trenches as part of Blue Line. These tasks continued with a number of variations until 21st August.
By now the German offensive seemed to have ground to a halt and indeed great Allied offensives had been launched further south. Employing tanks and with long sought after Artillery superiority Rawlinsons 4th British Army together with the First French Army commenced an offensive along the Amiens – Roye road with advances being made in the area of Chateau Thierry. The First and Third British Armies were driving across the old Somme battlegrounds and again approaching the Hindenburg Line.
The turning point for the Second Army at the St Jans Capel sector to go on the offensive had now been reached.
The 9th Division had captured Meteren and then the Hoegenecker Ridge south east of Meteren which left the Germans facing the 36th Division in a precarious salient which the Division proposed to push in thus shortening their own defensive line. On the night of 21-22 August the 16th Pioneers were to support an action by the 15th Bn Royal Irish Rifles to straighten the line by the capture of Mural and Wirral Farms. They were to erect a single wire fence in front of newly captured ground. During this they were involved in some fighting and captured an enemy machine gun. Only about 2/3rd of the work was completed and casualties were 8 other ranks wounded. The following night the companies were back on their tasks again.
On the 23-24th Nos. 1 and 3 Companies were employed to construct a new front line trench. Casualties were 2 other ranks killed and 3 wounded. Work continued on the night 24/25 August with about 1 mile of trenches completed. The left Brigade attacking with 1st and 9th battalions the Royal Irish Fusiliers advanced the line to the Haegedoorne – Dranontre Road on the 24th August, so on the night of 25 – 26th another 500 yards of new trenches were dug and over the next two nights a further 1500 yards were completed.
On the morning of the 30th August the 36th Division were to be relieved by the 35th Division but this did not take place as the Germans withdrew from the salient overnight and lit up the night sky with the burning of their equipment as they withdrew. So the 36th had to stay in touch with the active and aggressive pursuit of the enemy. On the 31st of August the pioneers were unsurprisingly opening and repairing roads to keep up with the advance.
1st August Officers 33 ORs 1048
31st August Officers 36 ORs 1022
Officers Killed 1 Wounded 10
Other Ranks Killed nil Wounded 10
The Terrors by SN White
- Daily Activity 9th Btn. (North Irish Horse) the Royal Irish Fusiliers.
Map Reference Sheet 28 Berthen 1/10000. Mont des Cats.
One Company carried on with training. Lewis Gun Sections from each Company fired at range and men with revolvers had parade for instruction. At night three Companies were working on Berthen defences. Two men were slightly wounded.
In afternoon the Division Band played for two hours. Captain J Gibson joined the Battalion from transport lines. Two men were wounded on working party.
- Recce. Orders for New positions 59th Heavy Artillery Brigade
Orders received to reconnoitre and prepare positions for covering the defence of the West Poperinghe Line.
- 1st August 1918 Trench improvements
- VIEUX BERQUIN
The Battalion moved forward and took over the R3 Sub Sector from the 13th YORK & LANCS Regt. A Coy right front, B Coy left front, C Coy in the Y line, D Coy Z line. Relief complete 2.30am,
The National Archives Reference WO95/2361/1
- 1st Aug 1918 Dawn Raid
- 1st Aug 1918 Attack Made
- 1st Aug 1918 Training
- 1st Aug 1918 Artillery Active
- 1st of August 1918 An Operation
- August 1918 Into Belgium
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