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1st August 1916 - The Great War, Day by Day - The Wartime Memories Project

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The Wartime Memories Project - The Great War - Day by Day

1st August 1916

On this day:

  • 8th January 1916 German aircraft bombing raid

  • GCF Angel Road, Edmonton opens.   Government Cartridge Factory Angel Road, Edmonton, London started in August 1916 for the production of small arms ammunition. First output was May 1917. In 1918 they also undertook aero-engine repair. It was under the direct control of Eley Bros.

  • CSAS Greenford opens   Chemical Shell Assembling Station Greenford, Middlesex started in August 1916 with first output in Jan 1917. Production was assembling lethal shell. It was under the direct control of the Ministry of Munitions.

  • NGF Upper Market Street, Woolwich opens.   National Gauge Factory Upper Market Street, Woolwich, London started in August 1916 for the production of gauges. It was under the direct control of Pitter's Ventilating & Engineering Co.

  • 1st Aug 1915 On the March

  • 16th Northumberlands receive reinforcements   A draft of 160 other ranks arrive at Houchain to reinforce the much depleated 16th Battalion, Northumberland Fusiliers.

  • Relocations   236th London Brigade Royal Field Artillery leave Aubrometz. Brigade marched to Beauvoir Riviere. The Brigade started at 1545 and marched by way of Buire au Bois - Noeux and Waurans.The Brigade arrived at Beauvoir Rivierre by 1900. The Brigade was inspected by Brigadier General R.A. at Noeux.

    War Diaries

  • Messines Sector - Flanders   16th Btn. Royal Irish Rifles - Pioneers.

    At the end of July the 36th Ulster Division was sent back into the line and all the moves of the 16th Battalion were to bring it into support positions around Neuve Eglise opposite enemy positions on the Messines Ridge.

    The Battalion had grown accustomed to the terrain in the Picardy region of France. Now they were to encounter the fairly flat low lying terrain of Flanders with its water table problems that made defensive position, road construction and maintenance methods a very different proposition.

    Flanders – August 1916 to December 1916.

    During August the entire 36th Division were committed to the Front and pioneering work gathered pace. Everywhere there was water just below the surface and even on the highest ground this was encountered within a few feet. Communication trenches could only be dug down a couple of feet, so construction had to be above ground by piling earthworks or sandbags to the required heights.

    The war diaries describe August as being routine work but with increased enemy shelling and resultant higher casualties. Summary as follows:

    • 4th August: Several shells fell near No. 3 Company’s farm and two hit it killing all the mules and wounding the company commander’s charger. Some rifles and equipment were damaged and a fire exploded some ammunition. The men sheltered in the basement of a house until shelling was over.
    • 6th August: Two companies relocated from Bulford to Le Grande Munque Farm to get closer to work. It could hold about 400 men and was about 2000 yards behind the front line.
    • 7th August: Battalion HQ moved to a point south of Petit Pont and camped there.
    • No.4 Coy’s work assignment moved from Subsidiary Line to Gas Trench.
    • 13th August: Artillery active from both sides.
    • 14th August: GOC visited trenches and expressed approval of progress.
    • 19th August: A note of irritation in the war diary entry. “Without previous warning our artillery started a bombardment. The Boche retaliated killing 2 men and wounding 3 of No. 2 Company also wounding 3 men of No.3 Company, one of whom died later from his wounds.
    • 23rd August: 3 NCOs and 33 men were assigned to construct emplacement for a mortar battery.
    • 24th August: A sentry from No.3 Company challenged another man of No.2 Company and getting no reply, bayoneted him. The injured man was sent to hospital.
    • 26/27th August: All available men in Battalion, about 300, were used to carry gas cylinders up to the front line trenches each night.
    • 30/31st August: Gas attack on enemy took place at 0130 accompanied by a bombardment and a raid.
    • 31st August: There was general retaliation by the enemy all day and No.1 Company was shelled on its way to the trenches. Another small gas attack on the enemy was carried out that night

    Also during the month 2 officers and 44 ORs were attached to the 1st Australian Tunneling Company for work on Hill 63. This involved digging two galleries into its steep southern slope capable of holding two battalions completely safe from any form of artillery fire.

    An amusing incident was reported in Colonel Leader’s Memoirs. After he left one of the billets he had been occupying, his landlady complained to Divisional HQ that a grandfather cuckoo clock was missing. The following correspondence took place:

    • HQ to Leader: Can you offer any explanation?
    • Leader to HQ: No.
    • HQ to Leader: The GOC desires that you answer this question more fully.
    • Leader to HQ: No I can’t.
    • HQ to Leader: The GOC considers your answer most impertinent. Kindly send more particulars about this cuckoo clock.
    • Leader to HQ: Cuckoo; cuckoo; cuckoo.

    It then transpired that the lady’s son-in-law not trusting the British had removed the clock before the colonel’s occupation. So he sent off a final message:

    Leader to HQ: Soldiers I am innocent, the cuckoo clock has been found.

    Later an officer from the Division on leave met a relative of the Colonel who asked him if he knew John Leader, to which he replied: “Oh yes, everyone knows the cuckoo colonel”.

    Colonel Leader was suffering from injuries received when his dugout was blown in and eventually on the 8th August he allowed the Medical Officer to evacuate him to No.12 Casualty Clearing Station and he was returned to the UK.

    His place as Commanding Officer was taken by Major Meares, who was promoted to Temporary Lt Colonel in September.

    Casualties for August reported as: Other Ranks 2 killed, 6 wounded and 1 died from wounds.

    The Terrors by SN White

  • Schütte-Lanz Airship.   

    Burial of Crew SL11 at Potter's Bar Cemetery

    Schütte-Lanz SL11

    • First Flight: 1st August 1916
    • Length: 174 metres (571 ft)
    • Diameter: 20.1 metres (66 ft)
    • Gas Capacity: 38,780 cubic meters
    • Performance: 91.8 km/h
    • Payload: 21 tonnes
    • Engines: 4 Maybach 960 hp/716 kW total

    Army airship based at Spich and Commanded by Hauptmann Wilhelm Schramm. The first German airship to be shot down over Britain. It was attacked over Hertfordshire by Lt. W.L. Robinson in a BE 2C with incendiary ammunition on the 3rd September 1916. It crashed at Cuffley, having bombed Saint Albans. The crew were buried at Potters Bar Cemetery and in 1962 they were re-interred at Cannock Chase German war cemetery. The press incorrectly reported it as the L21 Zeppelin which was only corrected much later. It was probably a touch of propaganda as the death of a baby-killer Zeppelin rather than the lesser known SL Airship would create greater public interest.

    John Doran

  • 1st August 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

  • 1st August 1916 Move to Somme area

  • 1st August 1916 Trench activities

  • 1st August 1916 Actions during 1916

  • 1st August 1916 Staff ride and Regimental strength

  • 1st August 1916 

  • August 1916 

  • 1st Aug 1916 Steel Arrows Collected

  • 1st Aug 1916 Bathing

  • 1st Aug 1916 Training

  • 1st Aug 1916 Under Shellfire

  • 1st Aug 1916 Reliefs

  • 1st of August 1916 New Emplacements

  • 1st of August 1916 At Rest

  • 1st Aug 1916 Grenades

  • 1st August 1916 

Can you add to this factual information? Do you know the whereabouts of a unit on a particular day? Do you have a copy of an official war diary entry? Details of an an incident? The loss of a ship? A letter, postcard, photo or any other interesting snipts?

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Want to know more?

There are:25 articles tagged with this date available in our Library

  These include information on officers service records, letters, diaries, personal accounts and information about actions during the Great War.

Remembering those who died this day.

  • Pte. Alfred Joseph Deadman. Middlesex Regiment 17th Battalion Read their Story.
  • Sgt. John Thomas Gilbert. Royal Warwickshire Regiment 2/7th Battalion Read their Story.
  • Pte John Henry Harradine. Suffolk Regiment 2nd Btn
  • Pte. Thomas Richard Rogers. Northumberland Fusiliers 14th Btn. Read their Story.
  • Pte. Thomas Richard Rogers. Northumberland Fusiliers 14th Btn.
  • Pte. Joseph Porteous Skinner. Gloucestershire Regiment 12th Btn. Read their Story.
  • WO2 Robert Smith. MM. Royal army Medical Corps 1st Northumbrian Field Ambulance Read their Story.
  • L/Cpl George William Spencer. Middlesex Regiment 13th Btn. Read their Story.
  • Pte. Thomas Albert Weaver. Durham Light Infantry 18th Btn. Read their Story.

    Add a name to this list.

  • Items from the Home Front Archive

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