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German Army of the South in the Great War - The Wartime Memories Project -

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German Army of the South



 Corps structure  2nd German Army Corps part of 1st Army

Divisions

  • 3rd Infantry Division
  • 4th Infantry Division

Later transformed as Headquarters of the German South Army from 11th January 1915 to 25th January 1918, serving exclusively on the Eastern Front.

 Divisional Structure 1916  1st German Division part of 1st Army Corps and 10th Army of the South

Divisional Order of Battle 1916

Infantry Brigades

  • 1st Infantry Brigade
    • 1st Grenadiers Regiment
    • 41st Regiment
  • 2nd Infantry Brigade
    • 3rd Grenadiers Regiment
    • 43rd Regiment

Cavalry

8th Uhlan Regiment

Artillery

1st Artillery Brigade

  • 16th Field Artillery Regiment
  • 52nd Field Artillery Regiment

Engineers and Liaison

  • 1st Engineers Battalion (1st Command District)
  • 1st Pioneers 3rd Field Company
  • 1st Pontoon Engineers
  • 1st Telephone Detachment
  • 1st Trench Mortar Company
  • 271st Pioneer Company

Attached 100th Labour Battalion



   German Army of the South

10th South German Army

The South Army was formed in Breslau, on 11 January 1915, by the transformation of II Corps for the Hungarian Carparthian Front. II Corps commander, General der Infanterie Alexander von Linsingen took over the new army command.

On 8 July 1915, von Linsingen transferred as commander of the new Army of the Bug. In his place, General der Infanterie Felix Graf von Bothmer of II Bavarian Reserve Corps took command of the South Army. With the Russians withdrawing from the war (Treaty of Brest-Litovsk) and the run down of German forces on the Eastern Front, the army was dissolved on 25 January 1918.

The headquarters of the army was located in Mukachevo (from 11 January 1915), Stryi (from 5 June 1915), Berezhany (from 4 September 1915), Khodoriv (from 15 November 1916) and Chortkiv (from 4 August 1917).

Commanders

The South Army had the following commanders during its existence

  • From the 11th January 1915 General der Infanterie Alexander von Linsingen, previously II Corps and later moved to Army of the Bug (8th July 1915).
  • From the 8th July 1915 General der Infanterie Felix Graf von Bothmer, previously II Bavarian Reserve Corps and later moved to 19th Army (25th January 1918).



1st August 1914 Early actions 1914  1st German Division part of 1st Army Corps and 8th Army then with 9th and 10th Armies

1914-1915

Along with the 2nd Division, the 1st Division formed the 1st Army Corps (Koenigsberg).

Russia

The 1st Army Corps was engaged on the Russian Front at the very beginning of the war.

Up until November, the 1st Division participated in the operations of East Prussia and notably in the battle of Tannenberg (Aug. 27-29).

In December the two division of the 1st Corps separated. The 2nd Division remained in the north and the 1st Division went to the 9th Army, from December, 1914, to January, 1915 (Bzura-Rawka), then to the Army of the South, operating in the Carpathians and on the Dniester, from February, 1915, to February, 1916.

1st March 1916 Further moves  1st German Division part of 1st Army Corps 10th and 8th Army

1916

France.

The division went to France in March 1916. The 41st Infantry Regiment detrained on the 13th March near Metz and the 48th Infantry Regiment at Hagondange on the 5th March 1916.

Verdun.

The division was put into the line near Vaux on the 20th April 1916, fought in the Bois de la Caillette in May, in the Bois de Vaux Chapitre and the Bois Fumin in June and July. It suffered enormous losses there. In the 1st Company of the 41st Infantry Regiment, the numbers on the pay books passed from 1,359 (10th Apr) to 1,674 (19th July), indicating the arrival of at least 316 reinforcements. From the beginning of the war until July, 1916, the regiment had received an average of 1,360 men per company.

Russia.

At the end of July, 1916, the 1st Division, leaving behind the 41st Infantry Regiment, which fought before Verdun in August, was once more taken to the eastern front, where it formed part of the Carpathian Corps.



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Those known to have served with

German Army of the South

during the Great War 1914-1918.

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