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World War 1 One ww1 wwII greatwar great

Army Corps German



 German Army Corps  German Army Corps

The main battle formation was the Army Corps (Armeekorps). Each corps consisted of two or more divisions and various support troops. It covered a specific geographical area. The corps was also responsible for maintaining the Reserves and Landwehr in the corps area.

By 1914, there were twenty-one Army Corps areas under Prussian jurisdiction and three Bavarian Army Corps. Besides the regional corps, there was also a Guard Corps (Gardecorps), which controlled Prussia's elite Guard units. Besides it's divisions, a corps generally included a light infantry (Jäger) battalion, a heavy artillery (Fußartillerie) battalion, an engineer battalion, a telegraph battalion and a trains battalion. Some corps areas also included fortress troops.

Each of the 25 corps had a Field Aviation Unit (Feldflieger Abteilung) attached to it.

During World War One, the Army Corps became a mobile tactical formation. In addition four Higher Cavalry Commands were formed from the Cavalry Inspectorate. These were the equivalent of corps as they each had at least two divisions of cavalry.

The former corps areas each became the responsibility of a Wehrkreis (Military District, sometimes translated as Corp Area). Their primary purpose was to supervise the training and enlisted of reservists and new recruits. Originally each Military District was linked to an Army Corps, so Wehrkreis I took over I Armeekorps area of responsibility and sent replacements to it's designated Army Corps units.

The first sixteen Reserve Corps raised followed this pattern, however these links between rear areas and front line units were gradually broken as the war went on and later Corps were raised or reinforced with troops from all over Germany.

 Corps structure  21st Army Corps part of 6th Army

Divisions

  • 31st Infantry Division
  • 42nd Infantry Division


 Corps structure  2nd German Army Corps part of 1st Army

Divisions

  • 3rd Infantry Division
  • 4th Infantry Division

Later transformed as Headquarters of the German South Army from 11th January 1915 to 25th January 1918, serving exclusively on the Eastern Front.

 Corps structure  3rd German Army Corps part of 1st Army

Divisions

  • 5th Infantry Division
  • 6th Infantry Division


 Corps structure  4th German Army Corps part of 1st Army

Divisions

  • 7th Infantry Division
  • 8th Infantry Division


 Corps structure  9th German Army Corps part of 1st Army

Divisions

  • 17th Infantry Division
  • 18th Infantry Division


 Corps structure  7th German Army Corps part of 2nd Army

Divisions

  • 13th Infantry Division
  • 14th Infantry Division


 Corps structure  10th German Army Corps part of 2nd Army

Divisions

  • 19th Infantry Division
  • 20th Infantry Division


 Corps structure  5th German Army Corps part of 5th Army

Divisions

  • 9th Infantry Division
  • 10th Infantry Division


 Corps structure  13th German Army Corps part of 5th Army

Divisions

  • 26th Infantry Division
  • 27th Infantry Division


 Corps structure  16th German Army Corps part of 5th Army

Divisions

  • 33rd Infantry Division
  • 34th Infantry Division


 Corps structure  11th German Army Corps part of 3rd Army

Division

  • 22nd Infantry Division
  • 38th Infantry Division


 Corps structure  12th German Army Corps part of 3rd Army

Divisions

  • 23rd Infantry Division
  • 32nd Infantry Division


 Corps structure  19th German Army Corps part of 3rd Army

Divisions

  • 24th Infantry Division
  • 40th Infantry Division


 Corps structure  6th German Army Corps part of 4th Army

Divisions

  • 11th Infantry Division
  • 12th Infantry Division


 Corps structure  8th German Army Corps part of 4th Army

Division

  • 15th Infantry Division
  • 16th Infantry Division


 Corps structure  18th German Army Corps part of 4th Army

Divisions

  • 21st Infantry Division
  • 25th Infantry Division


 Corps structure  14th German Army Corps part of 7th Army

Divisions

  • 28th Infantry Division
  • 29th Infantry Division


 Corps structure  15th German Army Corps part of 7th Army

Divisions

  • 30th Infantry Division
  • 39th Infantry Division


 Corps structure  1st German Army Corps part of 8th Army - Eastern Front

Divisions

  • 1st Infantry Division
  • 2nd Infantry Division


 Corps structure  17th German Army Corps part of 8th Army

Divisions

  • 35th Infantry Division
  • 36th Infantry Division


 Corps structure  20th German Army Corps part of 8th Army

Divisions

  • 37th Infantry Division
  • 41st Infantry Division


 Divisional Structure 1918  Jäger Division part of 54th Corps z.b.V - German Second Army.

Divisional Order of Battle on formation in 1917.

Stab 5th Ersatz Infantry Brigade

  • Stab 4th Dragoon Regiment - von Bredow (1st Schlesisches)
  • Guards Reserve Jäger Battalion
  • Guards Reserve Schützen Battalion

  • Stab 2nd Uhlen Regiment - von Katzler (Schlesisches)
  • 1st Reserve Jäger Battalion
  • 2nd Pomeranian Jäger Battalion (Fürst Bismarck)

  • Stab 8th Royal Bavarian Chevalliers Regiment
  • 8th Reserve Jäger Battalion
  • Wurttemberg Mountain Battalion
  • Brandenberg Jäger Battalion

Notes

Stab refers to a Headquarters or Command to which units can be attached.

In the Corps title - z.b.V (zur besonderen Verwendung) translates to "For Special Use"

 Divisional Structure 1918  Jäger Division part of 54th Corps z.b.V - German Second Army.

Divisional Order of Battle 1918

5th Ersatz Infantry Brigade

  • Jäger-Regiment Nr. 11
    • The Regiment was formed in October 1917 on the Italian front.
    • The regimental staff was the staff of the Dragoner Nr. 4
    • Garde Reserve Jäger Bataillon,
    • Garde Reserve Schützen Bataillon,
    • Jäger Bataillon Nr. 1
    • The Regiment was part of the Deutsche Jäger Division, the commander was Oberstleutnant Freiherr von Bettendorf
  • Jäger-Regiment Nr. 12
    • The Regiment was formed in October 1917 on the Italian front.
    • The regimental staff was the staff of the Ulanen Regiment Nr. 2
    • Jäger-Bataillon Nr. 2,
    • Reserve Jäger Bataillon Nr. 1,
    • Jäger Bataillon Nr. 12 (from 1.12.1917)
    • The Regiment was part of the Deutsche Jäger Division, the commander was Oberstleutnant von Pappritz of the Ulanen Regiment Nr. 2
  • Jäger-Regiment Nr. 13
    • The Regiment was formed in October 1917 on the Italian front.
    • The regimental staff was the staff of the 8. Bayerische Chevauleger-Regiment
    • Reserve Jäger Bataillon Nr. 8,
    • Reserve Jäger Bataillon Nr. 20,
    • Reserve Jäger Bataillon Nr. 21
    • The Regiment was part of the Deutsche Jäger Division, the commander was Oberstleutnant von Bibra of the 8, Bayerische Chevauleger-Regiment
  • 1st Squadron 10th Dragoon Regiment - King Albert of Saxony (east Prussian)

    224th Artillery Command

    • 24th Holstein Field Artillery Regiment
    • 4th Bavarian Foot Artillery Regiment

    422 Pioneer Battalion

    901 Communications Command

    Divisional Commanders

    • Oberst Georg von Wodtke - 14th Sep to 23rd Nov. 1917
    • Generalmajor Johannes von Dassel - 24th Nov 1917 to 14th Dec 1918.



     Corps structure  55th German Army Corps (zbV) part of 6th German Army

    zbV (zur besonderen Vervendung) [for special use]

    Divisions

    • 38th Division
    • 12th Bavarian Division
    • 5th Bavarian Division
    • 4th Ersatz Division (two-thirds)
    • 9th Reserve Division



     Corps structure  40th German Army Reserve Corps part of 6th German Army

    Divisions

    • 16th Division
    • 8th Division



     Corps structure  51st German Army Corps (zbV)part of 2nd German Army

    zbV (zur besonderen Vervendung) [for special use]

    Divisions

    • 2nd Cyclist Brigade
    • 243rd Division
    • 121st Division
    • 54th Division
    • 1st Guards Reserve Division
    • 22nd Reserve Division

    Army Troops

    17th Reserve Division



     Corps structure  54th German Army Corps (zbV) part of 2nd German Army

    zbV (zur besonderen Vervendung) [for special use]

    Divisions

    • 21st Reserve Division
    • 22nd Division
    • 4th Division
    • 113th Division
    • 239th Division
    • 12th Reserve Division
    • Jäger Division
    • 185th Division



     Corps structure  German Army Group Metz part of Armee Abteilung C

    Divisions

    • 31st Landwehr Division
    • 10th Division
    • 18th Landwehr Division
    • 2nd Landwehr Division



     Corps structure  57th German Army Corps (zbV) part of Armee Abteilung C.

    zbV (zur besonderen Vervendung) [for special use]

    Divisions

    • 8th Landwehr Division
    • 255th Division



     Corps structure  58th German Army Corps (zbV) part of 5th German Army

    zbV (zur besonderen Vervendung) [for special use]

    Divisions

    • 240th Division
    • 15th Bavarian Division
    • 52nd Division
    • 31st Division



     Corps structure  59th German Army Corps (zbV) part of Armee Abteilung A.

    zbV (zur besonderen Vervendung) [for special use]

    Divisions

  • 96th Division
  • 21st Landwehr Division
  • 75th Reserve Division



 Corps structure  64th German Army Corps (zbV) part of Armee Abteilung B.

zbV (zur besonderen Vervendung) [for special use]

Divisions

  • 6th Bavarian Landwehr Division
  • 4th Cavalry Schützen Division
  • 7th Cavalry Schützen Division
  • 26th Landwehr Division



 Corps structure  66th German Army Corps (zbV) part of 19th German Army

zbV (zur besonderen Vervendung) [for special use]

Divisions

  • 2nd Bavarian Landwehr Division
  • 19th Ersatz Division
  • 17th Reserve Division



 Corps structure  65th German Army Corps (zbV) part of 7th German Army

zbV (zur besonderen Vervendung) [for special use]

Divisions

  • 5th Division
  • 4th Guards Division
  • 216th Division
  • 50th Division



     Divisional Structure 1914  1st German Division part of 1st Army Corps and 8th Army

    Divisional Order of Battle 1914

    Infantry Brigades

    • 1st Infantry Brigade
      • 1st Grenadiers Regiment
      • 41st Regiment
    • 2nd Infantry Brigade
      • 3rd Grenadiers Regiment
      • 43rd Regiment

    Cavalry

    8th Uhlan Regiment

    Artillery

    1st Artillery Brigade

    • 16th Field Artillery Regiment
    • 52nd Field Artillery Regiment



     Divisional Structure 1915  1st German Division part of 1st Army Corps and 9th Army of the North

    Divisional Order of Battle 1915

    Infantry Brigades

    • 1st Infantry Brigade
      • 1st Grenadiers Regiment
      • 41st Regiment
    • 2nd Infantry Brigade
      • 3rd Grenadiers Regiment
      • 43rd Regiment

    Cavalry

    8th Uhlan Regiment

    Artillery

    1st Artillery Brigade

    • 16th Field Artillery Regiment
    • 52nd Field Artillery Regiment

    Engineers and Liaison

    • 1st Engineers Battalion (1st Command District)
    • 1st Pioneers Field Company
    • 1st Pontoon Engineers
    • 1st Telephone Detachment



     Divisional Structure 1916  1st German Division part of 1st Army Corps and 10th Army of the South

    Divisional Order of Battle 1916

    Infantry Brigades

    • 1st Infantry Brigade
      • 1st Grenadiers Regiment
      • 41st Regiment
    • 2nd Infantry Brigade
      • 3rd Grenadiers Regiment
      • 43rd Regiment

    Cavalry

    8th Uhlan Regiment

    Artillery

    1st Artillery Brigade

    • 16th Field Artillery Regiment
    • 52nd Field Artillery Regiment

    Engineers and Liaison

    • 1st Engineers Battalion (1st Command District)
    • 1st Pioneers 3rd Field Company
    • 1st Pontoon Engineers
    • 1st Telephone Detachment
    • 1st Trench Mortar Company
    • 271st Pioneer Company

    Attached 100th Labour Battalion



     Divisional Structure 1917  1st German Division part of 1st Army Corps and 8th Army

    Divisional Order of Battle 1917

    Infantry Brigades

    • 1st Infantry Brigade
      • 1st Grenadiers Regiment
      • 3rd Grenadiers Regiment
      • 43rd Regiment

    Cavalry

    3rd Squadron 8th Uhlan Regiment

    Artillery

    1st Artillery Command (z)

    • 16th Field Artillery Regiment
    • 52nd Field Artillery Regiment

    Engineers and Liaison

    • 112th Engineers Battalion
    • 1st Pioneers 3rd Field Company (z)
    • 1st Telephone Detachment
    • 1st Trench Mortar Company
    • 271st Pioneer Company
    • 305th Searchlight Section
    • 311th Searchlight Section
    • 312th Searchlight Section
    • 392nd Searchlight Section

    Medical and Veterinary

    • 4th Ambulance Company
    • Field Hospital
    • 1st Veterinary Hospital

    Transport

    534th Motor Transport Column

    Attached units

    • 66th Machine Gun Sharpshooting Detachment
    • 54th Light Machine Gun Section
    • 55th Light Machine Gun Section
    • 56th Light Machine Gun Section
    • 57th Light Machine Gun Section



     Divisional Structure 1918  1st German Division part of 1st Army Corps and 8th Army

    Divisional Order of Battle 1918

    Infantry Brigades

    • 1st Infantry Brigade
      • 1st Grenadiers Regiment
      • 3rd Grenadiers Regiment
      • 43rd Regiment

    Cavalry

    3rd Squadron 8th Uhlan Regiment

    Artillery

    1st Artillery Command

    • 16th Field Artillery Regiment
    • 10th Field Artillery Regiment - 1st Abteilung (Staff, 1, 3 and 4 Batteries)
    • 1083 Light Ammunition Column
    • 1095 Light Ammunition Column
    • 1096 Light Ammunition Column

    Engineers and Liaison

    • 110th Pioneer Battalion
    • 1st Pioneers 3rd Field Company (z)
    • 1st Trench Mortar Company
    • 271st Pioneer Company
    • 108th Searchlight Section
    • 1st Signal Command
    • 1st Telephone Detachment
    • 43rd Wireless Detachment

    Medical and Veterinary

    • 4th Ambulance Company
    • 13th Field Hospital
    • 16th Field Hospital
    • 1st Veterinary Hospital

    Transport

    534th Motor Transport Column



     Divisional Structure 1914  2nd German Division part of 1st Army Corps and 8th Army

    Divisional Structure in 1914

    Infantry

    • 3rd Infantry Brigade
      • 4th Grenadier Regiment
      • 44th Infantry Regiment
    • 4th Infantry Brigade
      • 33rd Fusilier Regiment
      • 45th Infantry Regiment

    Cavalry

    10th Horse Jäger Regiment

    Artillery

    2nd Artillery Brigade

    • 1st Field Artillery Regiment
    • 37th Field Artillery Regiment



     Divisional Structure 1915  German 2nd Division part of 1st Army Corps and 8th Army

    Divisional Structure in 1915

    Infantry

    • 3rd Infantry Brigade
      • 4th Grenadier Regiment
      • 44th Infantry Regiment
    • 4th Infantry Brigade
      • 33rd Fusilier Regiment
      • 45th Infantry Regiment

    Cavalry

    10th Horse Jäger Regiment

    Artillery

    2nd Artillery Brigade

    • 1st Field Artillery Regiment
    • 37th Field Artillery Regiment

    Engineers and Liaison

    • 1st Pioneer Battalion
    • 1st Field Company Pioneer Battalion
    • 2nd Pontoon Engineers
    • 2nd Telephone Detachment



     Divisional Structure 1916  German 2nd Division part of 1st Army Corps and 8th Army

    Divisional Structure in 1916

    Infantry

    • 3rd Infantry Brigade
      • 4th Grenadier Regiment
      • 44th Infantry Regiment
      • 33rd Fusilier Regiment
      • 3rd Landsturm Regiment

    Cavalry

    10th Horse Jäger Regiment

    Artillery

    2nd Artillery Brigade

    • 1st Field Artillery Regiment
    • 37th Field Artillery Regiment

    Engineers and Liaison

    • 1st Pioneer Battalion
    • 2nd Field Company Pioneer Battalion
    • 2nd Trench Mortar Company
    • 2nd Pontoon Engineers
    • 2nd Telephone Detachment



     Divisional Structure 1916  German 2nd Division part of 1st Army Corps and 8th Army

    Divisional Structure in 1917

    Infantry

    • 3rd Infantry Brigade
      • 4th Grenadier Regiment
      • 44th Infantry Regiment
      • 33rd Fusilier Regiment

    Cavalry

    10th Horse Jäger Regiment, 2nd Squadron

    Artillery

    2nd Artillery Command

    • 1st Field Artillery Regiment

    Engineers and Liaison

    • 1st Pioneer Battalion
    • 2nd Company Pioneer Battalion
    • 4th Company Pioneer Battalion
    • 2nd Trench Mortar Company
    • 2nd Searchlight Section
    • 2nd Telephone Detachment

    Medical and Veterinary

    • 5th Ambulance Company
    • 11th Field Hospital
    • 12th Field Hospital
    • 195th Veterinary Hospital

    Transport

    535 Motor Transport Column

    Attached

    • 150th Bavarian Anti-Aircraft Section
    • Cyclist Detachment - 2nd Landsturm Battalion.



     Divisional Structure 1918  German 2nd Division part of 1st Army Corps and 8th Army

    Divisional Structure in 1918

    Infantry

    • 3rd Infantry Brigade
      • 4th Grenadier Regiment
      • 44th Infantry Regiment
      • 33rd Fusilier Regiment

    Cavalry

    10th Horse Jäger Regiment, 2nd Squadron

    Artillery

    2nd Artillery Command

    • 1st Field Artillery Regiment
    • 4th Abteilung 6th Reserve Foot Artillery Regiment
    • 872 Light Ammunition Column
    • 1364 Light Ammunition Column
    • 1392 Light Ammunition Column

    Engineers and Liaison

    • 1st Pioneer Battalion
    • 2nd Company Pioneer Battalion
    • 4th Company Pioneer Battalion
    • 2nd Trench Mortar Company
    • 4th Searchlight Section
    • 2nd Telephone Detachment
    • 159th Wireless Detachment

    Medical and Veterinary

    • 5th Ambulance Company
    • 11th Field Hospital
    • 12th Field Hospital
    • 195th Veterinary Hospital

    Transport

    535 Motor Transport Column

    Attached



     Divisional Structure 1918  2nd Bavarian Landwehr Division part of 8th Army

    Later (1918) part of 66th Corps(zbV) and 19th Army (zbV = zur besonderen Vervendung) (for special use)

    Divisional Structure 1918

    Infantry

    9th Bavarian Landwehr Brigade

    • 2nd Landwehr Bavarian Regiment
    • 5th Landwehr Bavarian Regiment
    • 10th Landwehr Bavarian Regiment

    Cavalry

    3rd Squadron, 1st Bavarian Reserve Cavalry Regiment

    Artillery Command

    • 2nd Bavarian Landwehr Field Artillery Regiment

    Engineers and Liaisons

    • 25th Bavarian Engineers Battalion
    • 2nd Bavarian Landwehr Pioneer Company
    • 3rd Bavarian Landwehr Pioneer Company
    • 12 Bavarian Searchlight Section
    • 502 Telephone Detachment
    • 502 Signals Command

    Medical and Veterinary

    • 24th Bavarian Ambulance Company
    • 17th Bavarian Field Hospital
    • 63rd Bavarian Field Hospital



    1st August 1914 Early actions 1914  1st German Division part of 1st Army Corps and 8th Army then with 9th and 10th Armies

    1914-1915

    Along with the 2nd Division, the 1st Division formed the 1st Army Corps (Koenigsberg).

    Russia

    The 1st Army Corps was engaged on the Russian Front at the very beginning of the war.

    Up until November, the 1st Division participated in the operations of East Prussia and notably in the battle of Tannenberg (Aug. 27-29).

    In December the two division of the 1st Corps separated. The 2nd Division remained in the north and the 1st Division went to the 9th Army, from December, 1914, to January, 1915 (Bzura-Rawka), then to the Army of the South, operating in the Carpathians and on the Dniester, from February, 1915, to February, 1916.

    1st August 1914 Actions during 1914  German 2nd Division part of 1st Army Corps and 8th Army

    Divisional activity during 1914

    The first and second divisions formed the 1st Army Corps.

    Russia. At the beginning of the war the 2nd Division was sent to the Russian front. Up to the month of November it participated in the operations in Oriental Prussia (Tannenberg, Aug. 27-29). In November 1914, the 2nd Division, minus one brigade, which continued to hold its old sector, was withdrawn and included in the group which attacked in the direction of Lodz and operated between the Vistula and the Warta continuing its activities, it attempted to cross the Bzura-Rawka opposite Warsaw in the district of Lowicz.

    1st February 1915 Actions during 1915  German 2nd Division part of 1st Army Corps and 8th Army

    Divisional Activity in 1915

    At the beginning of February 1915, it reappeared in Oriental Prussia and participated in the offensive which ejected the Russians from this Province. It was engaged in its entirety in the district of Lyck and marched upon Augustowo and Grodno.

    The Russian counter attack launched in the vicinity of Prasnysz toward the end of March drew the 2nd Division to this sector.

    In July during the development of the Hindenburg offensive, it emerged from the Ostrolenka-Pultusk line and proceeded in a northerly direction.

    Upon the stabilization of the front the 2nd Division held a sector between Illukst and Lake Drisviaty (Dwinsk District).

    1st March 1916 Further moves  1st German Division part of 1st Army Corps 10th and 8th Army

    1916

    France.

    The division went to France in March 1916. The 41st Infantry Regiment detrained on the 13th March near Metz and the 48th Infantry Regiment at Hagondange on the 5th March 1916.

    Verdun.

    The division was put into the line near Vaux on the 20th April 1916, fought in the Bois de la Caillette in May, in the Bois de Vaux Chapitre and the Bois Fumin in June and July. It suffered enormous losses there. In the 1st Company of the 41st Infantry Regiment, the numbers on the pay books passed from 1,359 (10th Apr) to 1,674 (19th July), indicating the arrival of at least 316 reinforcements. From the beginning of the war until July, 1916, the regiment had received an average of 1,360 men per company.

    Russia.

    At the end of July, 1916, the 1st Division, leaving behind the 41st Infantry Regiment, which fought before Verdun in August, was once more taken to the eastern front, where it formed part of the Carpathian Corps.



    1st July 1916 Actions during 1916  German 2nd Division part of 1st Army Corps and 8th Army

    Divisional Actions during 1916

    At the end of July 1916, portions of the 2nd Division were assigned to duty in Galicia to oppose the Russian advance.

    1st January 1917 Actions during 1917  German 2nd Division part of 1st Army Corps and 8th Army

    Divisional Actions during 1917

    The reconstituted 2nd Division was engaged in the Mitau sector up to the end of January 1917. All its units were identified in the vicinity of Kalnzen. On February 8th it entrained at Mitau for the western front. (Itinerary: Chavli, Kovno, Insterburg, Konigsberg, Stettin, Hamburg, Munster, Aix-la-Chapelle, Liege, Louvain, Bruxelles, Audenarde.)

    Belgium.

    Detrained on February 13th and remained at rest up to the end of March. It received reinforcements of various classes of men (wounded, convalescents and class 1917 reservists). The division occupied the Wytschaete sector from the 25th of March to the beginning of June. (On April 15th and May 10th and 15th it received the first reinforcements from the class of 1918, the last having had only three months instruction. In all, 4,460 men between 1st January 1 and 1st June). On the 7th June, it left 2,825 men in the hands of British troops. On June 10th the 2nd Division retired from the Belgian front. It was placed at rest in the district of Audenarde in June and then entrained for the eastern front(end of June).

    Russia.

    It arrived in Russia at the beginning of July and was put at rest in the district of Vilna. On July 14th it was identified in the Illukst District.

    France.

    It returned to France on the 25th of November. It entrained on this date at Kovno and was transported over the following itinerary: Insterburg, Thorn, Posen, Frankfort-sur-Oder, Berlin, Paderborn, Crefeld, Aix-la-Chapelle, Liege, Namur and Vouziers (Nov. 30).

    On December 27th it relieved the 1st Bavarian Division in the Souain-Somme-Py sector.

    Allied Intelligence 1917 Value Estimate.

    Except during the period March-June 1917, when the 2nd Division was fighting in Belgium, it continuously occupied the Russian front from the beginning of the war till December, 1917.

    1st January 1917 Actions 1917 to 1918  2nd Bavarian Landwehr Division part of 8th Army. Later part of 66th Corps(zbV) and 19th Army (zbV = zur besonderen Vervendung) (for special use)

    Divisional Actions and review.

    The 2nd Bavarian Landwehr Division was formed in Lorraine at the end of December 1916 and the beginning of January 1917. Two of its regiments, the 5th Bavarian Landwehr and the 10th Bavarian Landwehr, were assigned respectively to the 1st Bavarian Landwehr Division and the 33rd Reserve Division at that time on the Lorraine front. The 2nd Bavarian Landwehr was ceded by the 6th Bavarian Landwehr Division, which held a Vosges sector.

    Russia.

    As soon as it was constituted the 2nd Bavarian Landwehr Division was transported to the Eastern front via Frankfort and Leipzig.

    Courlande.

    Directed to Courlande and attached to the 8th Army it entered the line in the vicinity of Friedrichstadt (middle of January, 1917) and remained in this district up till February, 1918. In September it participated in the operations against Riga. In December a number of men were detached in order to reinforce the 10th Bavarian Division.

    1917 Allied Intelligence Value Estimate.

    It remained on the Russian front from the time of its formation (January, 1917). It held the calm sector of Courlande in 1917; it occupied Livonia in 1918 (May). Men under 35 years of age were withdrawn from the 5th Bavarian Landwehr in December 1917. It is rated as a 4th class division.

    The 2nd Bavarian Landwehr Division initially served on the Eastern Front, entering the line in the Baltic region near Riga. In September 1917, it participated in the Battle of Riga. The division then remained on the line on the Duna River until the armistice on the Eastern Front in December 1917. For most of 1918, it served in Livonia and Estonia as part of the German occupation forces. In October 1918, it was transferred to the Western Front, and occupied a portion of the trench line in Lorraine until the end of World War I. Allied intelligence rated the division as fourth class.

    1st January 1918 Actions during 1918  German 2nd Division part of 1st Army Corps and 8th Army

    Divisional Actions during 1918.

    Champagne.

    The 2nd Division remained in line in the Souaine-Somme-Py region until relieved by the 87th Division about April 2nd. It went back to the Army depot at Semide, where it stayed about a week drilling and maneuvering. On April 10th, it entrained at Machault and went via Rethel, Liart, Marle, then detrained at La Ferte-Chevresis, encamping in the vicinity. It traveled by St. Simon (Apr. 11), Ham, Solente (5 km. east of Roye), and Laboissiere, where it stayed until April 30th.

    Montdidier.

    On May 1st the division relieved the 51st Reserve Division at Monchel, south of Montdidier until relieved on the 31st August.

    St. Quentin.

    The division was identified in line near Essigny-le-Grand, south of St. Quentin on September 5th. It was relieved about the 15th by the extension of the fronts of the neighboring divisions. During the night of September 20-21 it went back into line north of St. Quentin, in the Bellenglise sector. It was withdrawn about the 10th. The division rested for a fortnight in the Avesnes area, then came into the line on October 24th, relieving the 19th Reserve Division east of Ribeinont (southeast of St. Quentin). It was withdrawn from line early in November and did not return.

    1918 Allied Intelligence Value Estimate.

    The 2nd is rated as a third-class division. It was used in a great deal of heavy fighting and suffered severe losses (July 23 it lost 54 officers and 1,800 men in prisoners alone) west of the Avre; the 9th and 10th of August it lost 443 prisoners; in its engagements between August and October it lost over 1,500 prisoners). Nevertheless, it was never used as an attacking division, but confined itself to holding the sectors allotted it; on account of its weakened condition and lowered morale (there are several cases of insubordination on record), it did not acquit itself any too well.

    9th Oct 1918 Final Actions in 1918  Jäger Division part of 54th Corps z.b.V German Second Army. are engaged in fighting in and around the Hermannstellung from 9th to 21st of October.

    After the Armistice (1100 on the 11th November 1918) the Division began the clearance of occupied areas and the march home to Berlin where it was disbanded on the 18th December 1918.

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