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Bavarian Army Reserve Corps 1st



 Corps structure  1st Bavarian Reserve Army Corps part of 6th Army

Divisions

  • 1st Bavarian Reserve Infantry Division
  • 5th Bavarian Reserve Infantry Division


 Divisional Structure 1914  1st Bavarian Reserve Division part of 1st Bavarian Reserve Corps and 6th German Army

Divisional Structure in 1914

Infantry

  • 1st Bavarian Reserve Brigade
    • 1st Bavarian Reserve Regiment
    • 2nd Bavarian Reserve Regiment
  • 2nd Bavarian Reserve Brigade
    • 3rd Bavarian Reserve Regiment
    • 12th Bavarian Reserve Regiment

Cavalry

1st Bavarian Reserve Cavalry Regiment

Artillery

1st Bavarian Reserve Field Artillery Regiment



 Divisional Structure 1915  1st Bavarian Reserve Division part of 1st Bavarian Reserve Corps and 6th German Army

Divisional Structure in 1915

Infantry

  • 1st Bavarian Reserve Brigade
    • 1st Bavarian Reserve Regiment
    • 2nd Bavarian Reserve Regiment
  • 2nd Bavarian Reserve Brigade
    • 3rd Bavarian Reserve Regiment
    • 12th Bavarian Reserve Regiment

Cavalry

1st Bavarian Reserve Cavalry Regiment

Artillery

1st Bavarian Reserve Field Artillery Regiment

Engineers and Liaison

  • 1st Bavarian Reserve Engineering Battalion
  • 1st Bavarian Reserve Telephone Detachment
  • 1st Bavarian Reserve Pontoon Engineers



 Divisional Structure 1916  1st Bavarian Reserve Division part of 1st Bavarian Reserve Corps and 6th German Army

Divisional Structure in 1916

Infantry

  • 1st Bavarian Reserve Brigade
    • 1st Bavarian Reserve Regiment
    • 2nd Bavarian Reserve Regiment
    • 3rd Bavarian Reserve Regiment

Cavalry

1st Bavarian Reserve Cavalry Regiment

Artillery

1st Bavarian Reserve Field Artillery Regiment

Engineers and Liaison

  • 2nd Bavarian Reserve Pioneer Company
  • 4th Bavarian Reserve Pioneer Company
  • 201st Bavarian Trench Mortar Company
  • 1st Bavarian Reserve Telephone Detachment
  • 1st Bavarian Reserve Pontoon Engineers



 Divisional Structure 1917  1st Bavarian Reserve Division part of 1st Bavarian Reserve Corps and 6th German Army

Divisional Structure in 1917

Infantry

  • 1st Bavarian Reserve Brigade
    • 1st Bavarian Reserve Regiment
    • 2nd Bavarian Reserve Regiment
    • 3rd Bavarian Reserve Regiment

Cavalry

3rd Squadron, 3rd Bavarian Light Cavalry Regiment

Artillery

  • 13th Bavarian Artillery Command
  • 1st Bavarian Reserve Field Artillery Regiment

Engineers and Liaison

  • 17th Bavarian Engineering Battalion
  • 1st Bavarian Reserve Pioneer Company
  • 3rd Bavarian Reserve Pioneer Company
  • 17th Bavarian Reserve Pioneer Company
  • 201st Bavarian Trench Mortar Company
  • 401st Bavarian Telephone Detachment
  • 1st Bavarian Reserve Searchlight Section

Medical and Veterinary

  • 15th Bavarian Ambulance Company
  • 45th Bavarian Field Hospital
  • 48th Bavarian Field Hospital
  • 49th Bavarian Field Hospital
  • Veterinary Hospital

Transport

750th Motor Transport Column



 Divisional Structure 1918  1st Bavarian Reserve Division part of 1st Bavarian Reserve Corps and 6th German Army

Divisional Structure in 1918

Infantry

  • 1st Bavarian Reserve Brigade
    • 1st Bavarian Reserve Regiment
    • 2nd Bavarian Reserve Regiment
    • 3rd Bavarian Reserve Regiment

Cavalry

3rd Squadron, 3rd Bavarian Light Cavalry Regiment

Artillery

  • 13th Bavarian Artillery Command
  • 1st Bavarian Reserve Field Artillery Regiment
  • 1st Abteilung, 1st Bavarian Foot Artillery Regiment (Staff, 1,2 and 4 Batteries)
  • 101st Bavarian Light Ammunition Column
  • 145th Bavarian Light Ammunition Column
  • 147th Bavarian Light Ammunition Column

Engineers and Liaison

  • 17th Bavarian Pioneer Battalion
  • 1st Bavarian Reserve Pioneer Company
  • 17th Bavarian Reserve Pioneer Company
  • 201st Bavarian Trench Mortar Company
  • 18th Bavarian Reserve Searchlight Section
  • 401st Bavarian Signals Command
  • 401st Bavarian Telephone Detachment
  • 106th Bavarian Wireless Detachment

Medical and Veterinary

  • 15th Bavarian Ambulance Company
  • 45th Bavarian Field Hospital
  • 48th Bavarian Field Hospital

Transport

750th Motor Transport Column



1st August 1914 Early actions 1914  1st Bavarian Reserve Division part of 1st Bavarian Reserve Corps and 6th German Army

1914 Lorraine.

The Bavarian Reserve Division(1st Bavarian Reserve Corps, with the 5th Bavarian Reserve Division) was at the beginning of the war part of the 6th Army (Prince Rupprecht of Bavaria), and detrained in Lorraine August 13-14. After having helped to check the French offensive in Lorraine, participated in the battle of August 20, entered Luneville, and after having fought at Einville, early in September, it went to rest in the vicinity of the Paris-Avricourt railroad, and later marched to Metz by stages.

Arras.

On September 27-28 the division entrained at Metz and was carried to Cambrai. Entering the line between Douai and Arras, it fought at Izel, Gavrelle, Rouvroy (Oct.2-3). On the 5th its right wing was at Souchez, the whole 1st Bavarian Reserve Corps being then in line north of Arras. October 23 the two divisions of the corps attacked violently along the Carency-Roclincourt front; they remained in the line until June, 1915, the lst Bavarian Division being between Roclincourt and Ecurie.

1st January 1916 Actions in 1916  1st Bavarian Reserve Division part of 1st Bavarian Reserve Corps and 6th German Army

1916.

The division remained in line east of Arras, straddling the Scarpe until August 1916. From May to August, it comprised the 12th Bavarian Reserve Regiment, instead of the 3rd Bavarian Reserve Regiment, loaned temporarily by the 5th Bavarian Reserve Division.

Somme.

Withdrawn on August 8th, it went to the Somme. It was engaged on the 12th in the Clery sector, and was relieved as early as the 15th by the 1st Guard Division after having suffered heavily. The second fortnight in August the division was at rest near Cambrai. The end of that month and early in September, some elements of the division were engaged near Clery and Martinpuich in order to facilitate reliefs.

Aisne.

About the middle of September the 1st Bavarian Reserve Corps was withdrawn from the region of the Somme and sent to the Aisne, where the 1st Bavarian Reserve Division occupied a sector to the west of Craonne until the beginning of December. Brought back north of the Somme, it sent some elements into line in the Beaumont-Hamel sector (north of the Ancre, December 1916 - January 1917).

1st May 1915 Actions during 1915  1st Bavarian Reserve Division part of 1st Bavarian Reserve Corps and 6th German Army

1915.

Neuville - St. Vaast.

In May, 1915, the 1st Bavarian Reserve Division was engaged at Neuville-St. Vaast, when it was reinforced by two battalions of the 99th Reserve Infantry Regiment. The 2nd Bavarian Reserve Regiment suffered casualties of 14 officers and 1,413 men.

Le Labyrinthe.

In June the division fought at the Labyrinth. It continued to hold the sector north of the Scarpe, but moved toward the south in December, the front of the 1st Bavarian Reserve Corps extending as far as Blaireville.

1st January 1917 Actions in 1917 and 1918  1st Bavarian Reserve Division part of 1st Bavarian Reserve Corps and 6th German Army

1917.

Artois.

After sometime at rest, the division went back into line February 27 to the north of Arras (Roclincourt-Neuville-St. Vaast). On April 9th, it received the full shock of the British attack, lost the villages of Thelus and Bailleul together with 1,500 prisoners.

Regrettably the pages for the remainder of 1917 and 1918 are missing from our main source.

Summary

The 1st Bavarian Reserve Division (1. Bayerische Reserve-Division) was a unit of the Royal Bavarian Army, part of the German Army, in World War I. The division was formed on mobilization of the German Army in August 1914 as part of I Royal Bavarian Reserve Corps. The division was disbanded in 1919 during the demobilization of the German Army after World War I. The division was raised and recruited in Bavaria. As a reserve division, it included a large number of recalled reservists and war volunteers.

The 1st Bavarian Reserve Division fought in the opening phases of the war in the Battle of the Frontiers. It then participated in the Race to the Sea, including the Battle of Arras in October 1914. It remained in the trench lines in Flanders until 1916, when it entered the Battle of the Somme in August 1916. In late 1917, it participated in the Battle of Passchendaele. In 1918, the division fought in the Battle of the Lys. The division ended the war still fighting in the Lys region.

Allied intelligence rated the division as a good division in 1917, but third class in 1918.

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Bavarian Army Reserve Corps 1st

during the Great War 1914-1918.

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