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Bavarian Division 1st



 Divisional Structure 1914  1st Bavarian Division part of 1st Bavarian Corps and 6th German Army.

Divisional structure 1914

Infantry

  • 1st Bavarian Brigade
    • Body Infantry Regiment
    • 1st Bavarian Regiment
  • 2nd Bavarian Brigade
    • 2nd Bavarian Regiment
    • 16th Bavarian Regiment

Cavalry

8th Bavarian Light Cavalry

Artillery

  • 1st Bavarian Artillery Brigade
  • 1st Bavarian Field Artillery Regiment
  • 7th Bavarian Field Artillery Regiment

Engineers and Liaison

  • 1st Bavarian Engineers Battalion - 1st Field Company
  • 1st Bavarian Engineers Battalion - 3rd Field Company



 Divisional Structure 1915  1st Bavarian Division part of 1st Bavarian Corps and 2nd German Army.

Divisional structure 1915

Infantry

  • 1st Bavarian Brigade
    • 1st Bavarian Regiment
  • 2nd Bavarian Brigade
    • 2nd Bavarian Regiment
    • 24th Bavarian Regiment

Cavalry

8th Bavarian Light Cavalry

Artillery

  • 1st Bavarian Artillery Brigade
  • 1st Bavarian Field Artillery Regiment
  • 7th Bavarian Field Artillery Regiment

Engineers and Liaison

  • 1st Bavarian Engineers Battalion - 1st Field Company
  • 1st Bavarian Engineers Battalion - 3rd Field Company
  • 1st Bavarian Pontoon Engineers
  • 1st Bavarian Telephone Detachment



 Divisional Structure 1916  1st Bavarian Division part of 1st Bavarian Corps and 2nd German Army.

Divisional structure 1916

Infantry

  • 2nd Bavarian Brigade
    • 1st Bavarian Regiment
    • 2nd Bavarian Regiment
    • 24th Bavarian Regiment

Cavalry

8th Bavarian Light Cavalry - 3 Squadrons

Artillery

  • 1st Bavarian Artillery Brigade
  • 1st Bavarian Field Artillery Regiment
  • 7th Bavarian Field Artillery Regiment

Engineers and Liaison

  • 1st Bavarian Engineers Battalion - 1st Field Company
  • 1st Bavarian Engineers Battalion - 3rd Field Company
  • 1st Bavarian Trench Mortar Company
  • 1st Bavarian Pontoon Engineers
  • 1st Bavarian Telephone Detachment



 Divisional Structure 1917  1st Bavarian Division part of 1st Bavarian Corps and 2nd German Army.

Divisional structure 1917

Infantry

  • 2nd Bavarian Brigade
    • 1st Bavarian Regiment
    • 2nd Bavarian Regiment
    • 24th Bavarian Regiment

Cavalry

  • 8th Bavarian Light Cavalry - 2nd Squadron
  • 8th Bavarian Light Cavalry - 3rd Squadron

Artillery

  • 1st Bavarian Artillery Command
  • 1st Bavarian Field Artillery Regiment

Engineers and Liaison

  • 1st Bavarian Pioneers Company
  • 3rd Bavarian Pioneers Company
  • 1st Bavarian Trench Mortar Company
  • 1st Bavarian Pontoon Engineers
  • 1st Bavarian Telephone Detachment
  • 1st Bavarian Searchlight Section

Medical and Veterinary

  • 1st Bavarian Ambulance Company
  • Field Hospital
  • Veterinary Hospital

Transport

Motor Transport Column



 Divisional Structure 1918  1st Bavarian Division part of 1st Bavarian Corps and 2nd German Army.

Divisional structure 1918

Infantry

  • 2nd Bavarian Brigade
    • 1st Bavarian Regiment
    • 2nd Bavarian Regiment
    • 24th Bavarian Regiment

Cavalry

  • 8th Bavarian Light Cavalry - 2nd Squadron

Artillery

  • 1st Bavarian Artillery Command
  • 1st Bavarian Field Artillery Regiment
  • 9th Bavarian Foot Artillery Regiment
  • 123rd Bavarian Light Ammunition Column
  • 146th Bavarian Light Ammunition Column
  • 158th Bavarian Light Ammunition Column

Engineers and Liaison

  • 1st Bavarian Pioneers Battalion
  • 1st Bavarian Pioneers Company
  • 3rd Bavarian Pioneers Company
  • 1st Bavarian Trench Mortar Company
  • 1st Bavarian Signal Command
  • 1st Bavarian Telephone Detachment
  • 40th Wireless Detachment
  • 1st Bavarian Searchlight Section

Medical and Veterinary

  • 1st Bavarian Ambulance Company
  • 3rd Bavarian Field Hospital
  • 4th Bavarian Field Hospital

Transport

Motor Transport Column



1st August 1914 Early actions 1914  1st Bavarian Division part of 1st Bavarian Corps and 6th German Army.

1914.

Lorraine.

At the beginning of the war the 1st Bavarian Division, forming, with the 2nd Bavarian Division, the 1st Bavarian Corps, was part of the 6th Army (Bavarian Crown Prince). It detrained at Sarrebruecken (Aug. 8-9), crossed the frontier, sacked Badonviller on the 12th and withdrew to the north of Sarrebruecken on the 17th. It fought at Sarrebruecken on the 20th. In liaison on the left with the Badeners of the 14th Corps, it crossed the frontier and advanced to Nossoncourt and Xaffevillers (Sept. 6th) via Baccarat. On September 12th, the division, having been withdrawn, was reassembled at Peltre (near Metz). It then entrained at Metz on the 14th and 15th, and detrained near Namur, reaching Peronne on the 24th.

24th September 1914 Race to the sea  1st Bavarian Division part of 1st Bavarian Corps and 2nd German Army.

Somme 1914.

In the last days of September, 1914, at the time of the "race to the sea," the two divisions of the 1st Bavarian Corps were in the 2nd Army (Von Buelow), which operated on the Somme in the Peronne region. They became heavily engaged notably at Combles (Oct. 24th) and at Maricourt (Dec. 17th). By the 4th November, the 1st Bavarian Regiment had had casualties of 63 officers and 2,090 men since the beginning of the war.

1st January 1915 1915 actions  1st Bavarian Division part of 1st Bavarian Corps and 2nd German Army.

1915.

Artois. The 1st Bavarian Division was kept in line on the Somme (Dompierre-Maricourt) until October, 1915. Its composition was changed - the Body Infantry Regiment went to the Alpine Corps and the 10th Infantry to the 10th Bavarian Division. In return, the 24th Infantry (a new formation) was received.

The division was taken to the region north of Arras (Neuville-Souchez sector), where it remained for almost seven months (October 1915 - May 1916).

1st January 1916 1916 Actions  1st Bavarian Division part of 1st Bavarian Corps and 2nd German Army.

1916.

Verdun.

About May 1916, the division was relieved to the west of Vimy and sent to the Verdun front, where it took part in the battles near Douaumont (May 23) and in those of June 1st and 8th. Re-formed in the Romagne sous les Cotes area, it re-entered line about June 22nd for new attacks. During this offensive the division suffered severely. It was relieved at the beginning of July. After a short rest behind the Verdun front the division reoccupied the Apremout - St. Mihiel sector, remaining there until October 11th, when it was reconstituted, receiving large reinforcements (recuperates and men of the 1916 class).

Somme.

Taken to the Caudry sector (near Cambrai), it was engaged on the Somme (Sailly-Saillisel, Morval) from October 13th to the end of November, where its losses were once again exceedingly heavy. The division reappeared in the region of St. Mihiel (Bois d'Ailly - Foret d'Apremont sector) at the beginning of December, and remained there until the early days of May, 1917.

1st January 1917 1917 Actions  1st Bavarian Division part of 1st Bavarian Corps and 2nd German Army.

1917.

Plateau du Californie.

Entrained about May 7th at Vigneulles, it proceeded to the Laon region, where it was in reserve (May 8-12th). The following day it took over the sector west of Hurtebise, where it participated in several attacks (May 20th - June 17th), losing heavily therein. The division was relieved June 21st and went to rest south of Mezieres (La Francheville, etc.), where it was reconstituted.

Champagne.

On July 25th it went back into the line on the Champagne front. (sector south of Ste. Marie a Py). It did not take part in any important engagements there. The division was withdrawn on the 27th December 1917.

Allied Intelligence Value Estimate

The division was recruited in the southern part of Bavaria. The presence of contingents from the Bavarian Alps was responsible for the withdrawal of the Body Regiment to form the Alpine Corps. Despite the losses it suffered during May and June in the Hurtebise sector, the 1st Bavarian Division may still be considered a good division. It has had time to reconstitute itself during the long calm period spent in Champagne (July 25th to Dec. 27,1917).

1st January 1918 1918 Actions  1st Bavarian Division part of 1st Bavarian Corps and 2nd German Army.

1918.

Argonne.

Withdrawn from the line, the Division was put through a course of training. It relieved the 80th Reserve Division north of Vauquois on February 17th. It was relieved by the 80th Reserve Division about the 1st of March.

St. Quentin.

On the opening day of the March offensive the division reinforced the front south of St. Quentin. It was withdrawn the next day. On March 23rd it came back into line north of Chauny. It was withdrawn about the 30th.

Lassigny.

On April 6th, it relieved the 3rd Bavarian Division west of Lassigny. It was in turn relieved by the 3rd Bavarian Division on the 12th.

Champagne.

Having suffered a great deal in the fighting on the Somme, the division was taken to a quiet sector in Champagne, relieving the 52nd Reserve Division on May 1st, north of Souain. About June 30th, it was relieved by the 30th Division. It reinforced the front near Souain on July 15th. It was withdrawn about the 31st.

Soissons.

The division entered the line northeast of Soissons on August 11th.

Noyon.

It was relieved by the Jaeger Division about August 19th and moved to the west, taking over the Cuts sector, southeast of Noyon on August 20th and was withdrawn on the 22nd.

Coucy le Chateau.

On the 31st August the division was identified at Folembray, northwest of Coucy-le-Chateau and was withdrawn about September 12th.

Champagne.

On about the 27th September it took of over the Maure sector, southeast of Vouziers, where it remained, fighting, until the signing of the armistice.

Allied Intelligence 1918 Value Estimate.

The 1st Bavarian is rated as a first-class assault division and it was utilized as such throughout 1918. It fought well and its losses were severe.

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Bavarian Division 1st

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