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Guards Reserve Division 2nd



 Divisional History  2nd Guards Reserve Division part of 10th German Army Reserve Corps and German 2nd Army

Divisional History

The 2nd Guards Reserve Division (2. Garde-Reserve-Division) was a reserve infantry division of the Imperial German Army in World War I. Despite its name, it was not a reserve formation of the Prussian Guards like the 1st Guards Reserve Division. Instead, other than the 55th Reserve Infantry Regiment, which was raised by the 4th Guards Grenadiers, it was primarily made up of non-Guards reservists from Westphalia and Hanover. It was formed on mobilization in August 1914 as part of X Reserve Corps and dissolved in 1919 during the demobilization of the German Army after the Armistice.

The division spent the entire war on the Western Front. It fought in the First Battle of the Marne in 1914, the Battle of the Somme in 1916, the Battles of Arras and Battle of Passchendaele in 1917, and occupied various parts of the front throughout the war. It participated in the 1918 German Spring Offensive. It was rated by Allied intelligence as a second class division.

 Divisional Structure 1914  2nd Guards Reserve Division part of 10th German Army Reserve Corps and German 2nd Army

Divisional Structure in 1914

On mobilization in August 1914, reserve infantry regiments from Westphalia and Hannover, as well as smaller German states adjoining these Prussian provinces, were called up and formed the core of the 2nd Guards Reserve Division. They were joined by artillery, cavalry, and engineer units also from various parts of Germany. The 2nd Guards Reserve Division's initial wartime organization was as follows:

Infantry

  • 26th Reserve Infantry Brigade
    • 15th Westfälisches Reserve Infantry Regiment
    • 55th Westfälisches Reserve Infantry Regiment
  • 38th Reserve Infantry Brigade
    • 77th Hannoversches Reserve Infantry Regiment
    • 91st Hannoversches Reserve Infantry Regiment
    • 10th Hannoversches Reserve Jäger Battalion

Cavalry

2nd Reserve Uhlan Regiment

Artillery

20th Reserve Field Artillery Regiment

Engineers and Liaison

10th Battalion 4th Hannoversches Pioneers

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Those known to have served with

Guards Reserve Division 2nd

during the Great War 1914-1918.

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    Mar 2017

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