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Battle of Ypres, 3rd 1917 in the Great War - The Wartime Memories Project -

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Battle of Ypres, 3rd 1917



   Third Battle of Ypres was launched by the allies on the 31st July 1917 and raged until the 10th November 1917, the weather was notoriously wet, turning the difficult Flanders clay into an impossible quagmire. Due to conditions on the battlefield, it was difficult to recover the remains of those who lost their lives and many remain where they fell, their names recorded on the panels of the Tyne Cot Memorial to the Missing.

The Battle was made up of a number of smaller attacks:

  • Battle of Pilckem, 31st July to 2nd August.
  • Battle of Langemarck, 16th to 18th August.
  • Battle Of The Menin Road, 20th to 25th September.
  • Battle of Polygon Wood, 26th September to 3rd October.
  • Battle of Broodseinde, 4th October.
  • Battle of Poelcapelle, 9th October.
  • First Battle of Passchendaele, 12th October.
  • Second Battle of Passchendaele, 26th October to 10th November.


 

3rd Sep 1917 Standing by

4th Sep 1917 Standing by

5th Sep 1917 Reliefs Completed

6th Sep 1917 Counter Attack

24th Jul 1917 Preparatory Bombardment

25th Jul 1917 Preparatory Bombardment

26th Jul 1917 Preparatory Bombardment

27th Jul 1917 Preparatory Bombardment

28th Jul 1917 Preparatory Bombardment

29th Jul 1917 Preparatory Bombardment

30th July 1917 Preparation for Langemark  

Canal bank dugouts - Ypres.

16th Btn. Royal Irish Rifles - Pioneers.

The Battle of Langemark - Preparation work. (Part of the Third Battle of Ypres).

The Battle of Messines was only the first part of the British High Command’s plans to bring pressure to bear and clear the Germans from the Belgian coast by threatening Roulens from the Passchendaele Ridge. The Ulster Division spent the whole of July 1917 in a rest and training area and the 16th Pioneers were assigned to work in the Ypres area, initially at the rear and later in the front.

1st July was a Sunday and churches back in Ulster were solemnly but proudly holding services to remember the events at the Somme one year earlier. For the Pioneers it was a day of moves. No. 1 Company to Wormhoudt and No. 2 Company to Winezeele. On the 2nd July No. 1 Company moved on to Boolezeele. The 3rd July was a rest and sports day for numbers 3 and 4 companies, with mule back wresting providing great amusement. Work started in earnest on the 4th July sinking wells to provide water for the large number of men and animals that would move through during the planned offensive. This work continued until the 20th July, while the other companies moved to other areas for training in rapid light railway construction.

On the 21st July time had come for moving up into forward areas and tented accommodation for HQ, 1, 2 and 3 Companies near Poperhinge. The 23rd to 25th July was spent in clearing a channel in the moat encircling Ypres and clearing the road from Hellfire Corner to Dragoon Farm. Both tasks were subject to heavy gas shelling.

The next five days 26th to 30th were devoted to Battalion move to Vlamertinghe with a break from engineering work and infantry preparation for the coming battle.

The battle was not as meticulously planned as Messines and the Battalion would be working over ground it had not seen before, nor had they much time for anticipated tasks ahead as they had in the previous battle. With the 36th Division initially held in reserve they were placed under the command of the Chief Engineer XIX Corps – not the most ideal way to start a battle.

30th July 1917 

30th Jul 1917 Destructive Bombardment

30th July 1917 

30th Jul 1917 Into Position

30th Jul 1917 On the March

31st Jul 1917 124th Heavy Battery in action at The Somme  124th Heavy Battery RGA are in action at the 3rd Battle of Ypres (Passchendaele)

31st Jul 1917 1st Bty RFA in Heavy Action

31st Jul 1917 RE8's Patrol

31st Jul 1917 Operational Action

31st July 1917 Battle of Ypres

31st July 1917 

31st Jul 1917 In Action

31st Jul 1917 Attack Made

31st Jul 1917 In Action

31st Jul 1917 In Action

31st Jul 1917 In Action

31st Jul 1917 Machine Guns

31st Jul 1917 Attack Made

31st Jul 1917 In Action

31st Jul 1917 Attack Made

August 1917 

30th August 1917 

1st Aug 1917 Field Ambulances in Action  The 1st, 2nd, 3rd and Wessex Field Ambulances (24th,25th,26th) were based at Remy Siding Lissenhoek, nr. Ypres serving with the 8th Division. The 8th Division of the 5th Army who were engaged in the battle of Pilkhem Ridge in the opening stages of the 3rd battle of Ypres which began on 31st July 1917. The Wessex Field Ambulance established an Advanced Dressing Station at Birr Cross Roads on the Menin Road. The weather turned at the beginning of August and the battlefield turned into a quagmire. It was taking up to six stretcher bearers to bring in one casualty. The War Diary of the 3rd (26th) Wessex Field Ambulance records gas attacks as well as aircraft bombing on the ADS at Birr Cross Roads and casualties in August were horrendous. Pte. Regnald James Brookes Butt was one such casualty having his thigh shattered by a German high velocity shell on the night of 4/5th August, after being called out of reserve to assist another Division's (25th possibly) RAMC unit to pick-up Front Line casualties.

1st August 1917 Battle of Langemark  16th Btn. Royal Irish Rifles - Pioneers.

The Battle of Langemark The first task was to clear and repair the Weltje to Spree Farm road from crossing the German front line to Bosseart Farm, a distance of some 650 yards. The road and surrounding land was almost level and shelling had made it difficult to distinguish the road itself. At 0530 on the 31st July, the assault began and No.1 Company moved into position to commence work on the road. They found it practically non-existent with only the outline being distinguishable. The attack had been initially successful but had then been driven back to first positions. As a result of heavy shelling work could not start until 1200. Despite this the road was cleared by 1530 to a length of 350 yards. Heavy shelling again made work impossible between 1530 and 1730, when number 3 company relieved number 1 company. The rain began to fall in torrents and with shelling continuing through the night, by morning the road had turned into a quagmire. The company could only bring materials up as close to the road as possible.

The battle continued from the 1st to 4th of August and little progress was made. The pioneers continued with their work, but shelling and continuous heavy rain made progress very slow. Because things had not gone well for the 55th Division, the Ulster Division were committed to operations so the pioneers were back with their Parent Division again but that made little difference. Work continued with better progress every night until 13/14 August. On the night 14/15 August attention was switched to 3 tracks to the front line. With the next attack due to launch at 0445 on the 16th August the company moved to billets (cellars) in Ypres in preparation for the next day’s battle.

The 36th Division’s objective was Red Line about 1900 yards from their start line but the German defences were strong and the only gain was about 400 yards by 109 Brigade. On the morning of the 18th August the 16th relieved 1/5 DLI (P) on Corps road works so once again while the Division moved to a rest area, the Pioneers were kept on the battlefield. This work had taken them back to the Weltje – Spree Farm road which they cleared for another 500 yards.

A series of orders and counter orders followed in the period 21st to 26th August. At least it gave them a welcome 3 day break from their hard labour. On 26th August Battalion HQ and numbers 3 and 4 companies moved to the camp outside Poperinghe, while numbers 1 and 2 companies moved to a camp near Vlamertinghe. The unit was now under the command of the Chief Engineer VIII Corps. Next day it received orders that on the 29th August, HQ and number 2 Company were to move to Canal Bank dugouts, north of Ypres. Work in the new area was under the command of CRE 58th Division. For the last 2 days in August work was as follows: No. 1 company – repair Weltje to St Julien road. No. 2 company – Improvements to Reigersberg Camp. No. 3 company – repair and extend track Admirals Road to Steenbeek. No. 4 company – repair and extend track Forward Cottage to Steenbeek. Following these tasks 16th were placed under orders XIX Corps for work with 42nd Division.

Battalion Strength 1st July Officers 44 ORs 930 31st July Officers 41 ORs 913 31st Aug Officers 39 ORs 845 Casualties July Officers killed 1 ORs killed 17 Officers wounded 4 ORs wounded 16 Aug Officers wounded 7 ORs killed 18 ORs wounded 125.

1st Aug 1917 Operational Action

1st Aug 1917 Terrible Weather

1st Aug 1917 Reliefs

2nd Aug 1917 Exchange of Fire

2nd Aug 1917 In the Trenches

2nd Aug 1917 Ready

3rd Aug 1917 Heavy Shelling

3rd Aug 1917 Continuous Rain

3rd Aug 1917 Preparations

4th Aug 1917 In Action

4th Aug 1917 Holding the Line

5th Aug 1917 SOS Targets

5th Aug 1917 In Bivouacs

5th Aug 1917 Holding the Line

6th Aug 1917 Under Shellfire

6th Aug 1917 Reliefs

7th Aug 1917 Battery Shelled

7th Aug 1917 Working Parties

8th Aug 1917 Heavy Shelling

8th Aug 1917 Preparations

9th Aug 1917 Heavy Shelling

9th Aug 1917 Reliefs

10th Aug 1917 Artillery Active

10th Aug 1917 Advance

11th Aug 1917 Heavy Shelling

11th Aug 1917 Reliefs

12th Aug 1917 Artillery In Action

12th Aug 1917 Diffilcult Conditions

13th Aug 1917 Artillery In Action

14th Aug 1917 Artillery In Action

14th Aug 1917 In the Line

15th Aug 1917 Communication Lost

15th Aug 1917 Assembly

16th Aug 1917 Langemarck retaken  The village of Langemarck which had been lost the the enemy in April 1915, was retaken on the 16th of August 1917 by 61st Brigade, 20th (Light) Division. They crossed the Steenbeek early in the morning with 7th KOYLI and 7th Somerset Light Infantry leading. The advance was held up by fire from the blockhouses to the west of the village, these were cleared by men of the 7th KOYLI including Pte W. Edwards who was awarded the Victoria Cross for his actions.

16th Aug 1917 Communication Restored

16th Aug 1917 Into Reserve

16th Aug 1917 Attack Made

17th August 1917 

17th Aug 1917 Reliefs

17th Aug 1917 In Action

17th Aug 1917 In Reserve

18th Aug 1917 In Reserve

19th Aug 1917 Reliefs

22nd Aug 1917 10th DLI in action  10th Durham Light infantry are in action, around Inverness copse & Glencorse wood in the third battle of Ypres.

22nd Aug 1917 Attack Made

23rd Aug 1917 Reliefs

23rd Aug 1917 Reliefs

27th Aug 1917 Reliefs

29th Aug 1917 Struggle for Inverness Copse

29th Aug 1917 Artillery In Action

30 August 1917 

31st Aug 1917 In Reserve

1st September 1917 Back to Ypres  

16 RIR moving forward near Ribecourt

16th Btn. Royal Irish Rifles - Pioneers. (Guidance note: next entry on 20th September 1917.)

Work commenced in September with two companies (2 and 4) on dugouts in the Infantry Barracks converting them to Billets. The other two companies were on road construction with No.1 Company at Ammunition Dump, Moat Farm and No.3 Company at Vancouver Dump. 4th September No.4 Company – Building new trench railway (1 mile). 5th September 2 Companies moved to forward areas to build 3 strong points. Work continued for 10 days with much shelling and enemy attacks, 11th Sep. Companies changed over with No.1 relieving No.2 and No.3 relieving No.4 Company. Companies 2 and 4 went onto road construction.

All tasks finished on 16th September with orders to concentrate the Battalion at the camp southeast of Brandhoek. The move was carried out on the 17th September and orders were received warning of move on 20th September to Third Army and to re-join the 36th Ulster Division back in the Somme area where the Division now faced the formidable Hindenberg Line.

1st September 1917 9th Btn. R.Ir.Fus. 1917-19  9th (Service) Battalion Royal Irish Fusiliers (K2) later (from 25th Sep.1917) 9th Bn (North Irish Horse) Royal Irish Fusiliers.

Havrincourt Wood. K.31.c.0.0 Sheet 57C.

Working parties were supplied to the 12th Btn. Royal Irish Rifles for front line areas.

Battalion Background introduction.

During the call to arms in September 1914 the Ulster Volunteer Force in County Armagh under the command of Colonel Stewart W Blacker enlisted en-masse and became the 9th Btn. Royal Irish Fusiliers, their nickname being "Blackers Boys". They enrolled in Belfast and moved to Clandeboye Camp near Bangor, Co. Down for training as part of 108th Infantry Brigade in the newly forming 36th (Ulster) Division. They and the 12th Btn. Royal Irish Rifles moved to Newtownards to complete their training as Clandeboye was too small for the whole Brigade.They moved to Seaford with the Division and to France in early October 1915 and fought throughout with the Division.

The present War Diary Extract by Andrew Watson covers the period from 1st September 1917, just before the two dismounted squadrons of North Irish Horse were absorbed forming the newly titled unit on the 25th September 1917, until the end of its stay in the war zone. (John Doran)

1st Sep 1917 On the March

2nd Sep 1917 Working Parties  9th Battalion, Royal Irish Fusiliers report Working parties as yesterday for tunnelling, camouflaging, etc. in front line.

2nd Sep 1917 Reliefs

2nd Sep 1917 On the March

3rd Sep 1917 Reliefs

4th September 1917 Daily Activity  9th (Service) Battalion Royal Irish Fusiliers (K2) later (from 25th Sep.1917) 9th Bn (North Irish Horse) Royal Irish Fusiliers.

Ruyaulcourt.

Working parties as usual.

5th Sep 1917 Relief in Trenches  9th Battalion Royal Irish Fusiliers took over the front line at Havrincourt Wood from 12th Btn. Royal Irish Rifles and disposed as follows.

  • A Company – Battalion Reserve at K.31.c (Broken House Dump), 2 Platoons to reserve trench at Q.2.a.4.8;
  • B Company – Headquarters at K.32.c.8.4, two Platoons front line trench from Hubert Avenue K.32.c.8.5 to K.32.a.6.8. One Platoon at Yorkshire Bank;
  • C Company – Headquarters K.32.a.2.4, front trench on Yorkshire Bank, also the four forward posts;
  • D Company at K.26.a.6.3. Locality R.3.

Relief completed before midnight with no casualties.

5th Sep 1917 In the Trenches

6th Sep 1917   During the Third battle of Ypres, 2/5th Battalion Warwicks made an unsuccessful night attack on Hill 35 on the 6th of September. They were part of the 61st Division, which had attacked several times in the previous week.

6th Sep 1917 Trench Work  9th Battalion Royal Irish Fusiliers are at Havrincourt Wood. Day very quiet. Situation normal and no casualties. They constructed wire entanglements in front of our advanced outpost line and improved our communication trenches on Yorkshire Bank.

6th Sep 1917 Carrying Parties

6th Sep 1917 Reliefs

7th Sep 1917 Exchange of Fire  At Havrincourt Wood, 9th Royal Irish Fusiliers report "Enemy fired a few small minenwerfers (pineapples) around Yorkshire Bank. Our trench mortars retaliating with good effect. Our own and enemy machine guns were quiet. Our wire entanglements and trenches were improved at Yorkshire Bank. Patrols – nothing to report. No casualties."

Note: Minenwerfer (German for mine thrower) were a range of short range mortars used extensively by the German Army during WW1. "Pineapples" on the other hand were hand grenades and in particular this was the name given to the German "Kugelhandgranate" (ball grenade).

7th Sep 1917 Reliefs

7th Sep 1917 Reliefs

7th Sep 1917 Trench Work

8th Sep 1917 Artillery Active

8th Sep 1917 Reliefs

8th Sep 1917 Shelling

9th Sep 1917 Patrols

9th Sep 1917 Enemy Attack

10th Sep 1917 Reliefs

10th Sep 1917 Shelling

11th Sep 1917 Enemy Patrol  At 0330 an enemy patrol of seven approached the line held by 9th Battalion Royal Irish Fusiliers, south of Yorkshire Bank and were driven off, but without casualties. R.3 was shelled late in the evening. Lieutenant J.A.L Johnston (D Company) was severely wounded in jaw, leg and foot, and had to go to hospital. The day generally was somewhat more lively than usual.

12th Sep 1917 Patrols  A patrol under 2nd Lieutenant Partridge, 9th Royal Irish Fusiliers which went out at 2200 on 11th inst., for purpose of ambushing an enemy patrol. It lay out at K.32.b.5.4 until 0400 without having seen the enemy. This patrol worked in conjunction with one of 13th Royal Irish Rifles. A number of 5.9 inch high explosive shells were fired by the enemy around R.3 in the area held by D Company, 9th Royal Irish Fusiliers resulting in the blocking of the communication trench. One Other Rank of B Company, 9th Royal Irish Fusiliers was badly wounded in the left eye.

12th Sep 1917 Reliefs Completed

13th Sep 1917 Reliefs  9th Battalion Royal Irish Fusiliers report from Ruyaulcourt P.15.b.9.8. "The Battalion moved into Divisional Reserve at about 8pm on being relieved in the front line by 12th Royal Irish Rifles. Earlier in the day about 1500 the enemy shelled Yorkshire Bank. We had no casualties."

13th Sep 1917 Trench Work

14th Sep 1917 Reliefs

15th Sep 1917 Fatigues

16th September 1917 Church Parade  9th Battalion Royal Irish Fusiliers are at Ruyaulcourt. Reverend. F.J Halahan, Senior Chaplain to the Forces, preached and conducted service for Church of England with the combined Bands of the 1st and 9th Battalions in attendance. A football match was held in the afternoon versus 13th Royal Irish Rifles, whom we beat by 6 – 0. A working party of twenty Other Ranks resumed work at R.3 after dusk.

17th Sep 1917 1st Siege Battery RGA defend Ypres  The 1st Siege Battery RGA was part of the defence of Ypres, probably sited in or near Zillabeke - Birr crossroads.

17th Sep 1917 Heavy Shelling

19th Sep 1917 Equipment

20th September 1917 Back to Somme and Cambrai  

16 RIR filling in German Trench near Ribecourt.

16th Btn. Royal Irish Rifles - Pioneers.

The Battle of Cambrai 1917. Back to the Somme.

The Battalion received orders on the 19th September 1917 and next day began the journey away from the bitter salient in which they had been engaged. They moved to Vlamertighe and entrained at 0630 for the transport section and 1000 for the men. The train journey took over 20 hours and they arrived at Ytres in the Somme area at about 0600 on the 21st September. They then marched some 2 miles to a tented camp north of Bertincourt and partook in 5 days infantry training – light work compared to their recent gruelling experiences in the Third Battle of Ypres.

The area being taken over from 27 Brigade had few defence lines so the immediate task was to undertake an extensive programme of trench digging and wiring. In two nights from 28th to 30th September over 2 ˝ miles of double apron wiring was erected taking about 1300 man hours. One also has to consider the enormous task of getting about 6 tons of wire to the installation point.

September 1917 Battalion Statistics. Strength 31st August 39 Officers 845 Men 30th September 38 Officers 790 Men Casualties. Killed/Died from Wounds. Wounded. Officers. nil. 2 Other Ranks. nil. Nil.

20th Sep 1917 Attack Made by 13th DLI

20th Sep 1917 In Action

20th Sep 1917 Attack Made

21st Sep 1917 Reliefs  9th Royal Irish Fusiliers relieved the 12th Royal Irish Rifles in the line, relief completed at 2145.

Dispositions:

  • A Company – Headquarters at K.32.c.8.4, two Platoons in front line trench from Hubert Avenue K.32.c.8.5 to K.32.a.6.8, one Platoon on Yorkshire Bank;
  • B Company in Battalion Reserve at K.31.c (Broken House Dump);
  • C Company – Headquarters K.32.a.2.4 Garrison – Yorkshire Bank;
  • D Company at K.26.a.6.3 locality R.3.

No casualties. Night quiet.

21st Sep 1917 Quieter Day

21st Sep 1917 Reliefs

22nd Sep 1917 Patrols  At Havrincourt Wood 9th Royal Irish Fusiliers spend a quiet day in the trenches with no casualties. 2nd Lieutenant T.E Crosbie and seven Other Ranks patrolled the right front of Slagheap from 2200 to midnight.

22nd Sep 1917 On the Move

22nd Sep 1917 Reliefs

23rd Sep 1917 Patrols  At Havrincourt Wood9th Royal Irish Fusiliers diary spend another very quiet day. 2nd Lieutenant G.H Richardson and seven Other Ranks patrolled the vicinity of Wigan Copse and brought back useful information re the German wire. The enemy were not encountered and no casualties.

23rd Sep 1917 On the Move

23rd Sep 1917 Reliefs

24th Sep 1917 Quiet  9th Royal Irish Fusiliers report "The day was very fine and quiet in trenches. A German plane was brought down by one of ours apparently in our lines near Hermies. 2nd Lieutenant Gilliard and seven Other Ranks patrolled between 2200 and 0010 the night of 24/25th near Dean Copse with no casualties."

25th Sep 1917 Artillery in Action  9th (Service) Battalion Royal Irish Fusiliers report from Havrincourt Wood. "Our guns were very active all early morning. There was no enemy retaliation until about 1000 when Slag Heap was heavily shelled with one direct hit on the front line causing four casualties to our men. Three Other Ranks were killed and one was mortally wounded and died the same afternoon.

Three-hundred and four Other Ranks from the North Irish Horse joined the Battalion today with our Band playing them in to Ruyaulcourt where they were toasted right royally."

From today the unit's title becomes the 9th (North Irish Horse) Battalion, Royal Irish Fusiliers. B Squadron, North Irish Horse had been attached to the 59th (2nd North Midland) Division in August 1915, leaving in June 1916 to form, together with C Squadron and the Service Squadron of the 6th Inniskilling Dragoons, the 2nd North Irish Horse. This unit was attached to X Corps until August 1917, when it was broken up. The personnel went to infantry training and eventually more than 300 of them joined the 9th Btn. the Royal Irish Fusiliers.

25th Sep 1917 12th Londons move up for attack  12th Battalion London Regiment moved up to assembly positions on the 25th September preparatory to the attack on the ridge North East of St. Julien.

25th Sep 1917 In Action

25th Sep 1917 Into Position

26th Sep 1917 12th Londons in action  Following a heavy artillery barrage on the morning of the 26th September at 0530hrs ‘B’ Company of the 12th London’s advanced with the 2/9th London’s (Queen Victoria Rifles). The 2/9th found it difficult to maintain the correct direction due to heavy fog, boggy ground and taking heavy casualties through fire from a German trench and machine guns in a nearby pillbox. They pressed on, neutralising both positions, however they stopped a quarter of a mile short of their objective. ‘B’ Company of the 12th Londons took their objective but having failed to make contact with the 2/9th Battalion were forced to pull back to secure its flanks.

C Company 12th Londons, led by Captain Hardy went over the top at 0611hrs and were tasked with attacking an enemy pillbox positioned on the ridge. After a sharp fight captured the German pillbox, together with numerous prisoners. The action of Rifleman Ratcliffe was noted as exceptional, having found himself in charge of the remnants of No 10 Platoon, being one of only four survivors, he collected a few men who had strayed from another Battalion (possibly 2/9ths), including a Company Sergeant Major and a Lewis Gun party and took up a position covering the flank of his Company. Together with the remaining No 10 Platoon men this disparate group held the flank with the aid of a captured German machine gun. Rifleman Ratcliffe was awarded the Military Medal for this action.

26th Sep 1917 8th East Yorks Attack

26th Sep 1917 Battle of Polygon Wood Begins  The Battle of Polygon Wood, part of the Third Battle of Ypres began on the 26th of September 1917

26th Sep 1917  Transport Issues

26th Sep 1917 In Action

24th Sep 1917 In Action

26th Sep 1917 In Action

26th Sep 1917 Into Support

26th Sep 1917 Ranging in

27th Sep 1917 Artillery In Action

27th Sep 1917 Bringing in the Wounded

27th Sep 1917 Instructions

28th Sep 1917 Heavy Shelling

29th Sep 1917 Instructions

29th Sep 1917 Gallantry Recognised

30th Sep 1917 Heavy Shelling

30th Sep 1917 The Cost

30th Sep 1917 In Reserve

1st October 1917 Somme and Cambrai  

16 RIR view of Canal du Nord.

16th Btn. Royal Irish Rifles - Pioneers.

October 1917 was devoted almost entirely to improving defensive positions on the whole divisional front including work on a switch line which carried on well into November. This included deepening and widening the original cut, wiring in front, grading and draining. When finished it was considered to be one of the finest examples of trench construction and was called the Lurgan Switch in honour of the Pioneers home town roots.

Other work included sandbagging parapets and fire bays, construction of 9 flying traverses, revetting of fire steps and construction of sumps and drains. Smaller works also took place including improvements to huts and drainage at Velu Woods. On the 11th October No. 3 Company moved to Ruyalcourt to improve winter quarters and No. 4 Company to Metz for similar work. No. 2 Company started on winter quarter improvements in Bertincourt. October finished with double apron wiring and screening work in Harsincourt Wood and Ruyalcourt.

Battalion Statistics October 1917 Strength 1st October Officers 39 Other ranks 795 31st October Officers 40 Other ranks 789 Casualties. Killed/Died from Wounds. Wounded. Officers. nil. 3 Other Ranks. 2 6

1st Oct 1917 Attack made

1st Oct 1917 At Rest

1st Oct 1917 Counter Attack

1st Oct 1917 In Position

2nd Oct 1917 1st West Kents relieve 9th York & Lancs

2nd Oct 1917 Hostile Shelling

2nd Oct 1917 On the March

3rd Oct 1917 Artillery Active

3rd Oct 1917 Preparations

3rd Oct 1917 Orders

3rd Oct 1917 Instructions

3rd Oct 1917 Instructions

3rd Oct 1917 Instructions

3rd Oct 1917 Instructions

3rd Oct 1917 Assembly

4th Oct 1917 1st South Staffs in Action

4th Oct 1917 Orders to Move

4th Oct 1917 Attack Made

4th Oct 1917 In Action

5th Oct 1917 On the Move

5th Oct 1917 Reliefs

5th Oct 1917 In Action

6th Oct 1917 Gun Dismantled

6th Oct 1917 Reliefs

7th October 1917 Daily Activity  9th Btn. (North Irish Horse) the Royal Irish Fusiliers.

Havrincourt Wood K.31.c.0.0.

Church Parades in morning.

Battalion relieved 12th Royal Irish Rifles at night and are disposed as follows:

  • A Company on right (two Platoons in front line, one Platoon in reserve line);
  • B Company in reserve (at Broken House Dump);
  • C Company Yorkshire Bank (one Platoon in reserve at Cheetham Switch north of Henley Avenue);
  • D Company R.3 (One Platoon in Mine Dugout at J.36.b.10.2).

Very wet afternoon and evening so working parties in the line were cancelled.

7th Oct 1917 Stormy Weather

7th Oct 1917 At the Ready

7th Oct 1917 Reliefs

8th October 1917 Daily Activity  9th Btn. (North Irish Horse) the Royal Irish Fusiliers.

Havrincourt Wood K.31.c.0.0.

Corps have ordered all Battalions to be continually on the offensive while holding the line. Consequently the Battalion will organize patrols nightly (weather permitting) and raids will be carried out at fixed periods. Owing to very bad weather no patrols went out on night of 7/8. Very quiet in the line, afternoon and night very wet and the men got a special issue of rum.

8th Oct 1917 On the Move

9th October 1917 Daily Activity  9th Btn. (North Irish Horse) the Royal Irish Fusiliers. have their HQ at Havrincourt Wood and report " Generally quiet day on our front with weather broken and cold. Three Other Ranks were slightly wounded by shell-fire.

Headquarters Officers, gallantly led by the CO. and the Second in Command, started on the sand-bagging of Headquarters mess. The Padre and the Doctor claimed they did the lion's share of the work, but evidently they had never worked before!

Thirty-three Other Ranks joined from reinforcement camp."

9th Oct 1917 2nd Essex & 2nd Lancs in action  2nd Essex & 2nd Lancs are in action at Poelcapple, with 12 Brigade.

9th Oct 1917 1st Norfolks attack Polderhoek Chateau  In the early hours 1st Battalion Norfolk Regiment was involved in an attack on Polderhoek Chateau close to the Menin Road during the Third Battle of Ypres.

9th Oct 1917 Artillery In Action

10th October 1917 Daily Activity  9th Btn. (North Irish Horse) the Royal Irish Fusiliers.

Havrincourt Wood.

Another very quiet day. Nothing of note occurred.

10th Oct 1917 Rail Congestion

11th October 1917 Daily Activity  9th Btn. (North Irish Horse) the Royal Irish Fusiliers.

Havrincourt Wood K.31.c.0.0.

Quiet day. Major Ferguson left Headquarters to go to Rouen to check Battalion Records at 3rd Echelon. B Company relieved D Company at R.3 and A Company relieved C Company on Yorkshire Bank.

11th Oct 1917 Two Guns in Action

12th October 1917 Daily Activity  9th Btn. (North Irish Horse) the Royal Irish Fusiliers.

Havrincourt Wood.

Quiet day. The Divisional Commander and Brigadier visited Headquarters.

Captain A Hulse detailed as member of Court Martial today at Neuville.

Draft ninety Other Ranks joined from the Divisional Reinforcement Camp, eighteen being old hands, and 72 North Irish Horse.

The Commanding Officer was busy over details regarding the North Irish Horse amalgamation with this Battalion.

2nd Lieutenant J.A Cooke to be acting Adjutant pending the arrival of Captain G.W.N Barefoot MC of the 1st Battalion.

12th Oct 1917 9th Brigade AIF in action

12th Oct 1917 Assault Made

12th Oct 1917 Under Shellfire

12th Oct 1917 Attack Made

13th October 1917 Daily Activity  9th Btn. (North Irish Horse) the Royal Irish Fusiliers.

Havrincourt Wood.

Quiet day in front line. The news of mutiny in the German Navy was received with much interest in the Battalion.

13th Oct 1917 New Position

13th Oct 1917 Heavy Shelling

14th October 1917 Daily Activity  9th Btn. (North Irish Horse) the Royal Irish Fusiliers.

Havrincourt Wood K.31.c.0.0.

Fine day and quiet in the line. Nothing of note happened.

The Commanding Officer proceeded on leave, and Major Brew assumed Command.

14th Oct 1917 2nd Grenadiers in Action

14th Oct 1917 Transport Mix Up

14th Oct 1917 Reliefs

15th October 1917 Daily Activity  9th Btn. (North Irish Horse) the Royal Irish Fusiliers.

Ruyaulcourt P.10.c.8.4.

Battalion relieved in the line by 12th Royal Irish Rifles, after a tour in which our casualties were particularly low, viz: three slightly wounded.

We are now in our new Battalion Headquarters – Nissen huts, and have quite a good Mess room. A recreation room for Officers is under construction.

We are in the Divisional Reserve during this tour out.

15th Oct 1917 Enemy Artillery Active

16th October 1917 Daily Activity  9th Btn. (North Irish Horse) the Royal Irish Fusiliers.

Ruyaulcourt. The morning was spent cleaning up, kit inspection etc. with usual working parties here and in the line.

Captain G.W.N Barefoot reported for duty (from 1st Battalion).

16th Oct 1917 Aeroplane Shoot

17th October 1917 Daily Activity  9th Btn. (North Irish Horse) the Royal Irish Fusiliers.

Ruyaulcourt.

Captain Barefoot assumed the duties of Adjutant.

The enemy shelled this village this morning from 0800 to 0930. He sent over about twenty shells (4.2 inch) and slightly wounded one man of the Battalion and one Other Rank of the Labour Battalion.

Captain Despard C.B and Lieutenant Vesey G.W having reported for duty were taken on the strength.

17th Oct 1917 Aeroplane Shoot

18th October 1917 Daily Activity  9th Btn. (North Irish Horse) the Royal Irish Fusiliers.

Ruyaulcourt.

Improvements being carried out in our reserve billets with pathway to Battalion Headquarters levelled and the Officers' Ante-room nearing completion.

The following 2nd Lieutenants are granted permission to wear badges of Lieutenant pending Gazette: E.J.L Turner, J Woods, J.A Cooke, E Hamilton, and I.E McCausland.

The 8/9 Rifles beat our Soccer team at Equancourt by one goal to nil after an excellent game.

18th Oct 1917 Guns Dismantled

19th October 1917 Improvements  9th Btn. (North Irish Horse) the Royal Irish Fusiliers. report from Ruyaulcourt. " Parades and working parties as usual and good progress is being made with improvements in the billets and village generally. The weather continues good. Captain R.S Flood granted one month's special leave and proceeded today."

19th Oct 1917 Gun Dismantled

20th October 1917 Daily Activity  9th Btn. (North Irish Horse) the Royal Irish Fusiliers.

Ruyaulcourt P.10.c.8.4.

A very fine day and the Divisional Steeplechase was held in the area. Eighty Other Ranks with many of the Officers attended and the sport was very good.

The following Officers joined the Battalion today: 2nd Lieutenants G.T.L Bayliff, S.F Moran, H.D Jack.

20th Oct 1917 Work on Guns

21st October 1917 Daily Activity  9th Btn. (North Irish Horse) the Royal Irish Fusiliers.

Church Parades were held in the morning and Rugby football in the afternoon (first practice). A very fine day.

The following decorations have been awarded for gallantry in the field at Ypres on 16th August 1917:

  • Military Cross.
  • Captain T.F Given
  • Captain R.S Flood
  • Captain O.V Burrows Royal Army Medical Corps
  • Regimental Sergeant Major C.H Turner

  • Distinguished Conduct Medal.
  • 17545 Sergeant S Carvell;

  • Military Medal.
  • 13971 Sergeant J Adams, 14555 Sergeant J McCullough
  • 14720 Sergeant A Jurkington, 16117 Acting Corporal R.W Knaggs
  • 14748 Lance Corporal Whiteside S, 23926 Private Shanks C
  • 20353 Private Rogers J, 24174 Lance Corporal Jackson E
  • 22562 Private Steele G, 14154 Private Elliott J
  • 14566 Private McCormick R.J, 15864 Private Lynn W.J, 14447 Private Morton J.

These awards were announced on 4th October 1917.

21st Oct 1917 Gun in Action

22nd October 1917 Daily Activity  9th Btn. (North Irish Horse) the Royal Irish Fusiliers.

Ruyaulcourt P.10.c.8.4.

Usual parades and working parties. Our 'Soccer' team defeated 108th Brigade team today by 8-1.

Major Ferguson reported back from Rouen.

22nd Oct 1917 Emplacement Dug

23rd October 1917 Daily Activity  9th Btn. (North Irish Horse) the Royal Irish Fusiliers.

Ruyaulcourt.

Very wet morning. Nothing of note occurred today.

23rd Oct 1917 Enemy Artillery Active

24th October 1917 Daily Activity  9th Btn. (North Irish Horse) the Royal Irish Fusiliers.

Havrincourt Wood, K.31.c.0.0.

The Battalion relieved the 12th Royal Irish Rifles in the line with relief completed at 2230.

Dispositions:

  • A Company Yorkshire Bank, one Platoon in reserve in Cheetham Switch, north of Henley Avenue;
  • B Company on right, two Platoons in front line, one Platoon in reserve line;
  • C Company in reserve;
  • D Company in R3, with one Platoon in mined dugout at J.36.b.10.20.

No casualties during a quiet night.

24th Oct 1917 Gun Mounted

24th Oct 1917 Attack Made

24th Oct 1917 Reliefs

25th October 1917 Daily Activity  9th Btn. (North Irish Horse) the Royal Irish Fusiliers.

Havrincourt Wood.

a quiet day in the line. On the night of 25/26 Oct., our fighting patrols dislodged the enemy from Wigan Copse and the rifle pits to north of it at 0200.

25th Oct 1917 Artillery In Action

25th Oct 1917 In the Wood

25th Oct 1917 Enemy Active

26th October 1917 Daily Activity  9th Btn. (North Irish Horse) the Royal Irish Fusiliers.

Havrincourt Wood.

It was quiet during the day. At night the enemy again occupied Wigan Copse and was definitely driven out again at 2100. Our fighting patrol suffered two casualties – one man killed and one slightly injured.

At 2200 the enemy obtained a direct hit on our right Lewis Gun post on Yorkshire Bank, with a heavy trench mortar, killing three men.

26th Oct 1917 Enemy Artillery Active

26th Oct 1917 At the Ready

26th Oct 1917 Attack Made

27th October 1917 Daily Activity  9th Btn. (North Irish Horse) the Royal Irish Fusiliers.

Havrincourt Wood, K.31.c.0.0.

Our machine guns were active during the day and night of 27/28 Oct. The enemy machine guns were also active as were the Artillery on both sides.

The Commanding Officer returned from leave.

The enemy did not attempt to reoccupy Wigan Copse tonight.

27th Oct 1917 Aeroplane Shoot

27th Oct 1917 At the Ready

28th October 1917 Daily Activity  9th Btn. (North Irish Horse) the Royal Irish Fusiliers.

Havrincourt Wood.

A quiet day in the line. Our artillery was active during both day and night. Some Bosche seen in Dean Copse were dispersed by our Lewis Gun fire.

Weather good with bright moonlight nights.

28th Oct 1917 Artillery In Action

28th Oct 1917 Reliefs

29th October 1917 Daily Activity  9th Btn. (North Irish Horse) the Royal Irish Fusiliers.

Havrincourt Wood.

Our artillery was active during day, firing on the usual targets and the enemy were very quiet. At night ten of the enemy left Etna and entered Dean Copse at 1715. At 2300 a patrol of about twenty enemy were seen relieving sentries at Etna and Dean. They came by way of Wigan and along the wire to Etna. They were heavily fired on by our Lewis Guns and rifles and it is believed they suffered casualties.

29th Oct 1917 Under Shellfire

29th Oct 1917 In the Trenches

30th October 1917 Daily Activity  9th Btn. (North Irish Horse) the Royal Irish Fusiliers.

Havrincourt Wood.

The enemy was more active with his machine guns. Single shots were fired from an enemy fixed rifle or machine gun on the duckboard track leading to Central Company Headquarters from Henley Lane.

An enemy machine gun was firing at No.I Lewis Gun post in R3 at 1715. A Bosche was seen going from Dean to Etna, which looks as if he had been in Dean all day.

30th Oct 1917 Artillery In Action

31st October 1917 Daily Activity  9th Btn. (North Irish Horse) the Royal Irish Fusiliers.

Havrincourt Wood, K.31.c.0.0.

Our artillery and machine guns were active. The enemy's machine guns were more active than usual, especially from 2215 to 0030. Their machine guns were seen firing from Etna, Boggart Hole and from approx K.26.d.05.90.

Our trench mortars dispersed an enemy patrol seen coming out of Etna. A medium enemy trench mortar was located at Vesuvius. An enemy working party opposite our R3 sector was scattered by our Lewis Gun fire and wounded were heard crying out at 0100.

  • Strength:
  • Officers Effective 74 Fighting 62 Ration 35
  • Other Ranks Effective 1,291 Fighting 1,110 Ration 713


31st Oct 1917 Artillery In Action

31st Oct 1917 Reliefs Completed

1st November 1917 Daily Activity

1st November 1917 Battle of Cambrai  

16 RIR working on Canal du Nord Tank Crossing

16th Btn. Royal Irish Rifles - Pioneers.

Defence was not allowed to dominate the British High Command and November saw the start of planning for an attack on Cambrai and for the Pioneers a move to road work in both improving existing and preparing new roads to help move attacking forces forward.

No. 3 Company started work on the Metz to Havrincourt Road. No. 4 Company on the Metz to Trescault road, No. 2 Company on the road from Hermies Most of No. 1 Company went to work on Slag Heap to Windy Corner road.

In preparation for the attack the following moves took place. No. 4 Company moved from Metz to Havrincourt Wood. Nos. 1, 2 and 3 Companies moved to a tented area near the beetroot factory in Metz and Headquarters moved to Harvincourt Wood.

The Battle of Cambrai – 20th November 1917.

For this battle the 36th Ulster Division along with the 51st (Highland), 56th and 62nd Divisions were part of IV Corps. The Corps objectives were to secure the capture of the Bapaume to Cambrai road and the possible capture of Bourlon Wood. The 51st Division were on the right, with the 62nd division in the centre and the 36th Division on the left with the task of advancing east of the Canal du Nord and seizing crossings at Moeuvres.

Battle commenced at 0620 on the 20th November with the pioneers, under Corps directions situated on the right supporting the 51st Highland Division tasked with constructing a 20ft wide track for cavalry use to Ribecourt and repair/improvement of the road to Ribecourt for use by lorries. This work was to be carried out in conjunction with the Divisional Engineers. Following clearance of the track, the working parties were to divide and provide round the clock operations.

At 0950 all companies moved forward. 1 and 2 Companies to commence the work allotted to them, 3 and 4 Companies to the rear of Trescault to await the opportunity to start their work which was possible from 1030. The Track was completed within two hours as scheduled, but enemy action prevented its planned usage.

Roadwork continued throughout the day despite enemy shelling. On the 21st the Highland Division made further ground leaving the Pioneers clear of artillery range and better progress was made. With the road now being used by lorries, the Pioneers were moved to a camp north of the cemetery near Hermies on the morning of the 23rd November.

On the left side of the battle line, the 36th Division had not been doing so well and with the weather worsening the Pioneers were moved to provide much needed support. Once again the opening and repair of roads were tasked. By the 23rd November the Division was at the outskirts of Moeuvres and on the night of 23/24th causeways were completed across the Canal.

The 36th Division were relieved by the 2nd Division on the 25th November but as usual the Pioneers had to stay in their positions to support the new Division.

The Germans had begun to recover and their response was now more effective so the Pioneers were diverted to strengthening wiring and building strong points for defensive purposes.

Battalion statistics 1st November Officers 41 Other ranks 789 30th November Officers 40 Other ranks 944 Casualties November Officers nil Other ranks 1 killed 2 wounded

2nd November 1917 Daily Activity  9th Btn. (North Irish Horse) the Royal Irish Fusiliers.

Ruyaulcourt P.15.b.9.8.

Day spent mainly in cleaning up. Clothing and equipment of Companies inspected during the morning. Football in the afternoon.

3rd November 1917 9th Irish Fusilers form working parties  9th Btn. (North Irish Horse) the Royal Irish Fusiliers are at Ruyaulcourt. With A & B Companies on working parties today.

At 1630 C Company left Ruyaulcourt and marched up to the line to carry out a raid. The enemy's front line was successfully penetrated from the Canal (K.26.d.05.95) to about 150 yards east of it. The fighting was very severe as the enemy refused to surrender. Our men stayed in the enemy trenches for twenty minutes and bayoneted and shot at least forty Germans.

We suffered some casualties, mostly from bombs: one Officer severely wounded, one Officer slightly wounded; one NCO killed, three Other Ranks missing believed killed, thirteen Other Ranks wounded, one R.E [Royal Engineer] (NCO) severely wounded.

4th November 1917 Daily Activity  9th Btn. (North Irish Horse) the Royal Irish Fusiliers.

Ruyaulcourt P.15.b.9.8.

The General Officer Commanding 36th Division inspected the men of C Company who took part in the raid. A, B and D Companies were on working parties. Four new Officers joined Battalion from Rocquigny.

6th Nov 1917 Passchendaele captured by Allies  On 6th November 1917 Passchendaele was captured by Allied Forces but the battle for the high ground to the north of Passchendaele was still raging.

7th November 1917 Departure for France  9th Btn. (North Irish Horse) the Royal Irish Fusiliers.

Ruyaulcourt.

A and B Companies carried out scale of parades. C and D Companies were on working parties.

8th November 1917 Daily Activity  9th Btn. (North Irish Horse) the Royal Irish Fusiliers.

Ruyaulcourt.

Morning spent in preparing to go into line. This night the Battalion relieved the 12th Royal Irish Rifles in the line.

  • A Company on Yorkshire Bank with one Platoon in Cheetham Switch,
  • B Company in R.3,
  • C Company in Locality 5, and
  • D Company in Battalion Reserve.


9th November 1917 Daily Activity  9th Btn. (North Irish Horse) the Royal Irish Fusiliers.

Havrincourt Wood K.31.c.0.0.

The night of the relief rain fell and continued until almost 12 noon today. The trenches especially in Yorkshire Bank were very badly flooded. All available men in line turned on to repairing them.

10th November 1917 Daily Activity  9th Btn. (North Irish Horse) the Royal Irish Fusiliers.

Havrincourt Wood.

Trenches still bad owing to continued bad weather. Much work done by the men in the line towards improving and draining them today.

   The Allied forces including: The 1st South Wales Borderers & The Canadian 8th Army had established a defensive line on the ‘Goudberg Spur’. This spur was situated near ‘Goudberg Copse’ and was populated with small farm houses & buildings that were occupied by the German forces. A British attack was planned for the 10th November 1917. This was to be the last offensive of the Ypres/Passchendaele battles and the 1st Battalion of the South Wales Borderers where to play a pivotal role in the attack.

At 5.00am A company from the 1st South Wales Borderers would head north from Valour Farm after the British Rolling Barrage had pummelled the German positions. The trenches were partially flooded and surrounded by shell craters. The wooden duck boards, on which the soldiers walked, were submerged. The mud was like glue and should a man slip off the duck boards, while carrying his full pack which included 3 days rations, rifle & steel helmet, extra ammunition & 2 bombs per man he would almost certainly slide into one of the many deep shell holes with no chance of rescue or escape.

When the barrage started the terrain was so unrecognisable that it became difficult for the artillery to locate the German positions. To make matters worse, as A Company went over the top they ran into their own barrage causing several casualties and resulted in the battalion edging off to the right. The soldiers had trouble locating its objectives and gradually as German counter attacks became stronger the offensive stalled.

1st December 1917 Retreat from Cambrai  16th Btn. Royal Irish Rifles - Pioneers. (Guidance Note: Next entry on 18th December 1917)

More wiring work continued into December and the Battalion camp was shelled leaving 5 killed and 22 wounded. The German counter attack was successful and had driven back the southern front of the British salient so the 36th Division were ordered back into action. The 16th Battalion re-joined the Division and moved to Dessart Woods. There were no tents available so the men had to sleep in the open with freezing temperatures. Next day they were moved to Harvincourt Wood and their work was about a 2 hour march away in very bitter wintry conditions. The Battalion was in a very poor state of health and large numbers were sent to hospital. Finally the decision was made to evacuate a large portion of the British salient including Bourlon Wood, Cantaing, Noyelles, Graincourt and Marcoing. The 36th Division were left holding on to a small salient astride the Couillet Valley with strong enemy counter attacks leaving it in a touch and go situation. On the 17th December the Battalion moved to a camp at Etricourt, to re-join the 36th Division which had been withdrawn two days earlier. Thus ended a period of hard work, under very trying conditions, with enemy shelling, drenching rain and driving snow. The men were in no fit state for further heavy exertions.“ Never since it landed in France had the troops of the 36th division been reduced to a physical ebb so low. The men became indescribably dirty; lungs, throats and hearts were affected. High as the battle casualties were the sick wastage was higher still which had not been the case at Ypres in August because the weather, if wet, was warm.

18th December 1917 move to Mezieres  16th Btn. Royal Irish Rifles - Pioneers.

On the 18th December 1917 the 36th Division was on its way back to the Doullens area and although contact with the enemy was broken off a battle with the weather commenced. The 16th Battalion entrained at Etricourt, detrained at Mondicourt (39 miles) and marched about 7 miles to Sombrin via Saulty, with the war diary stating “ heavy snowdrifts encountered”.

They spent from the 19th to 23rd December clearing snowdrifts on roads radiating from Sombrin to Grand Rulletcourt (1 mile), to Warluzel (2 miles) and to Saulty (3 miles).

Finally after another series of moves the Battalion finished 1917 in billets at Mezieres with the 36th Division taking over from the French 6th Infantry Division in the Corbie, Boves and Moreiul area. Bathing arrangements were constructed in the village on the 24th December and on Christmas Day the diary entry is again the one word “REST!” with the usual exclamation mark. The troops bathed the next day and on the 27th and 28th partook in Infantry Training.

Casualties To 13th December - Officers 1 killed 5 wounded Other ranks 7 killed 24 wounded Battalion strength. 31st December Officers 41 Other ranks 903.

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Those known to have served in

Battle of Ypres, 3rd 1917

during the Great War 1914-1918.

  • Ackroyd Harold. Capt. (d.11th Aug 1917)
  • Adams Frederick. L/Cpl. (d.30th Sep 1917)
  • Adamson Archibald. Gunner (d.30th July 1917)
  • Aitken Thomas William. Pte. (d.3rd Sep 1917)
  • Alderson Robert. Driver
  • Alexander David. Pte.
  • Allen Arthur Hewitt. Lt.
  • Allen Herbert. Pte. (d.5th Aug 1917)
  • Allen Wellington L. Pte. (d.22nd Aug 1917)
  • Anderson Henry Campbell. Pte. (d.30th Oct 1917)
  • Andrews Harry. Pte. (d.4th Oct 1917)
  • Andrews John W.. Pte. (d.22nd Sep 1917)
  • Archibald George. Pte. (d.31st Jul 1917)
  • Arnold John. L/Cpl. (d.10th Nov 1917)
  • Ashby Sampson. Pte. (d.5th Aug 1917)
  • Atkinson Harold Victor. Pte.
  • Bailey Edward. Sgt. (d.16th Aug 1917)
  • Baker Christopher. L/Cpl. (d.16th Aug 1917)
  • Ball Stephen John. L/Cpl. (d.16th Aug 1917)
  • Bance George. Pte.
  • Barber Albert. L/Cpl. (d.12th Oct 1917)
  • Barker Lionel. Pte.
  • Barnes Joseph. Pte. (d.16th Aug 1917)
  • Barnes William Patrick. Pte. (d.4th Oct 1917)
  • Barnett Henry. Pte. (d.31st Jul 1917)
  • Barnett Herbert William. 2nd Lt. (d.20th Sep 1917)
  • Barsby Charles W. W.. Pte. (d.29th Oct 1917)
  • Barton Vivian Alfred. 2nd Lt. (d.22nd Sep 1917)
  • Bateman Samuel. Pte. (d.12th Dec 1917)
  • Beaton William James. 2nd Lt. (d.24th Sept 1917)
  • Beck James. Pte. (d.8th Aug 1917)
  • Bee George William. Pte. (d.8th Apr 1917)
  • Bell John. Pte. (d.1st Aug 1917)
  • Belson Sidney Victor. Pte.
  • Bent Philip Eric. Lt.Col. (d.1st Oct 1917)
  • Bernstein Simon. Rfm. (d.12th Oct 1917 )
  • Berry George Wilfred. 2nd Lt. (d.25th Aug 1917)
  • Best-Dunkley Bertram. Lt.Col. (d.5th Aug 1917)
  • Best-Dunkley Bertram. Lt/Col. (d.5th Aug 1917)
  • Bibbins Henry. Dvr.
  • Bickle Thomas. Pte. (d.26th Oct 1917)
  • Birks Frederick. Lt. (d.21st Sep 1917)
  • Blakeborough Stanley. L/Cpl. (d.13th Oct 1917)
  • Boland Thomas. L/Cpl. (d.17th Aug 1917)
  • Booth Edwun F.. L/Cpl. (d.3rd Aug 1917)
  • Booth James. Pte. (d.26th Sep 1917)
  • Bourke John Joseph. Lt. (d.20th Sep 1917 )
  • Bowsher Thomas Leonard.
  • Bowtell James. L/Sgt. (d.22nd Aug 1917)
  • Brady Daniel. L/Cpl. (d.18th Aug 1917)
  • Brady Lawrence. Pte. (d.9th Oct 1917)
  • Bray John. Pte. (d.16th Aug 1917)
  • Bricknell George. CSM. (d.12th Oct 1917)
  • Broad Walter James. Pte. (d.10th Oct 1917)
  • Brock George Edward. Pte (d.12th Oct 1917)
  • Brooks Walter Ainger. Pte. (d.31st July 1917)
  • Brown Dennis. Pte.
  • Brown Ernest. Pte. (d.20th Sept 1917)
  • Brown Frederick William. Rfn.
  • Brown George Walford. L/Cpl. (d.31st Jul 1917)
  • Brown John Teasdale. Pte.
  • Brown Thomas Henry. Pte. (d.11th Oct 1918)
  • Bruce Thomas Fraser. 2ndLt. (d.12th Oct 1917)
  • Bryans Edward Arthur. (d.4th Oct 1917)
  • Bryanton Robert. Pte. (d.23rd Oct 1917)
  • Bullus Ralph Henry Samuel. Pte.
  • Burfield William Thomas Riley. Pte.
  • Burns William. Rfmn. (d.8th Aug 1917)
  • Bye Robert James. Sgt.
  • Cadwallader Charles Henry. Pte. (d.20th September 1917)
  • Caine Matthew. Pte. (d.17th Aug 1917)
  • Callaghan Martin. Pte. (d.26th Sept 1917)
  • Caney William. Pte.
  • Carden William George. Pte. (d.20th Sep 1917)
  • Caroll Thomas. Pte. (d.22nd Aug 1917)
  • Carpenter Sidney. Rflmn. (d.1st October 1917)
  • Carrick William Henry. Pte. (d.17th Oct 1917)
  • Carswell-Hunt William David. Mjr. (d.5th Apr 1917)
  • Carter Robert Burnside. Capt.
  • Chamberlain Francis. Sgt. (d.9th Oct 1917)
  • Christie Ralph Lindsay. Lt.
  • Clamp William. Cpl. (d.9th Oct 1917)
  • Clark Andrew. L/Sgt.
  • Clark Andrew. Segt.
  • Clark John Hood. Sjt. (d.12th Oct 1917)
  • Clarke William. Pte.
  • Clay Reuben. Pte. (d.26th Oct 1917)
  • Clutterbuck Alfred Charles. Pte. (d.27th Aug 1917)
  • Coar Edward Roland. 2nd Lt. (d.8th Jan 1918)
  • Coates Ernest. Pte. (d.5th Oct 1917)
  • Cockhead Thomas. Cpl. (d.16th Aug 1917)
  • Cole Edwin Stuart Travis. Capt.
  • Cole Thomas Henry. Rfn. (d.3rd Oct1917)
  • Colyer-Fergusson Thomas Riversdale. Capt. (d.31st Jul 1917)
  • Cork Joseph. Pte. (d.17th Oct 1917)
  • Cozens Arthur George. Cpl. (d.2nd Sep 1918)
  • Craven William. Sgt. (d.26th Sept 1917)
  • Cree John Wyse Scott. Sgt.
  • Crowder John Charles. Pte. (d.4th Sept 1917)
  • Curran James. Pte. (d.31st July 1917)
  • Daniells Frank. Capt.
  • Davies Robert Edward. (d.31st Jul 1917)
  • Davis Hedley Vickers. Dvr
  • Davis Melville Allen Duff. 2nd Lt. (d.28th May 1918)
  • Daynes James. Pte. (d.18th Oct 1917)
  • Denby William. Pte. (d.20 Sept 1917)
  • Devenny William. Pte. (d.16th Aug 1917)
  • Devine Robert Mckee. L/Cpl. (d.4th Oct 1917)
  • Disley William James. Pte.
  • Donaldson Hugh Murray. L/Cpl. (d.4th Oct 1917)
  • Donnan William Joseph. Cpl. (d.9th Oct 1917)
  • Donnelly James. Staff Sgt.
  • Douthwaite George Edward John Gough. Pte. (d.16th Aug 1917)
  • Doyle William Joseph Gabriel. Capt. (d.16th Aug 1917)
  • Duke Oriel St.Arnaud. Sgt.
  • Dunmill Joseph. Spr. (d.20th Sep 1917)
  • Dunnicliffe William Henry. Pte. (d.27th Sep 1917)
  • Dymott George Henry. Pte. (d.26th/27th Sep 1917)
  • Earlam Edwin. Pte. (d.22nd Aug 1917)
  • Eaton Charles. Pte. (d.21st Sep 1917)
  • Edwards Alexander. Sgt. (d.24 Mar 1918)
  • Edwards Alfred. Pte. (d.9th Nov 1917)
  • Eglington Thomas. Pte. (d.7th Aug 1917)
  • Ellis Guy S.. 2nd Lt. (d.12th Jul 1917)
  • Ellison William. L/Cpl. (d.31st July 1917)
  • Ellsworth Norman Griffiths. Bty.Sgt. (d.31st July 1917)
  • Evans William. Rfm. (d.22nd Oct 1917)
  • Exon John. L/Cpl. (d.16th Nov 1917)
  • Falkiner George Stride. 2nd Lt. (d.16th Aug 1917)
  • Farr Arthur James. (d.16th Aug 1917)
  • Farr William Charles. (d.9th Oct 1917 )
  • Featherstonehaugh-Wooster Robert Albert. Pte. (d.4th Oct 1917)
  • Fielding John William. Pte. (d.15th Aug 1917)
  • Findlay Angus. Spr.
  • Finlay George Lush. Capt. (d.9th Feb 1919)
  • Forshaw William. Pte.
  • Forshaw William. Pte
  • Fox William Henry. Pte. (d.25th Nov 1917)
  • Freebairn James Logan. Pte. (d.2nd Oct 1917)
  • Gaffing David. Gnr. (d.14th Oct 1917)
  • Gardner Albert. L/Cpl (d.26th Oct 1917)
  • Garland Clifford. L/Cpl. (d.28th Aug 1917)
  • Gibbs Leslie Stephen. Pte.
  • Gibson John Thomas. Gunner (d.1st April 1918)
  • Gilchrist John. Pte.
  • Gjers Lawrence. Capt. (d.4th Oct 1917)
  • Goodall Stanley Percival. Pte. (d.26th Oct 1917)
  • Goodman Joseph. (d.11th Aug 1917)
  • Gourley Thomas. Pte. (d.20th Oct 1917)
  • Graham Robert. Pte. (d.21st Nov 1917)
  • Grange William George. Pte.
  • Greenhalgh Joseph. Pte. (d.9th Oct 1917)
  • Hague Isaac. L/Cpl. (d.13 August 1917)
  • Hall William. Pte. (d.23rd Aug 1917)
  • Handy Arthur James. Pte. (d.22nd Mar 1918)
  • Hannay John Joseph. (d.19th Oct 1917)
  • Harcus Andrew. Gnr. (d.3rd Aug 1917)
  • Harcus Thomas. Gnr. (d.3rd Aug 1917)
  • Hardie John. Pte.
  • Harris Edward James. Sgt. (d.22nd Sep 1918)
  • Haynes Alfred John. Pte.
  • Haywood William. Grdsmn.
  • Helmrich Charles Robertson. Pte. (d.6th Oct 1917)
  • Henniker Ernest Edward. Pte. (d.21st Feb 1918)
  • Hern Thomas Walter. Pte. (d.12th Dec 1917)
  • Hewitt Dennis George Wyldbore. 2nd Lt. (d.31st Jul 1917)
  • Hewitt William Henry. Maj.
  • Higginson Arthur. Pte (d.12th Aug 1917)
  • Hill Arthur. Rfmn. (d.31st Jul 1917)
  • Hillier William Watson. Pte.
  • Hines John Cecil Newhall. CSM.
  • Hobday Leonard Isaac. Pte. (d.20th Sep 1917)
  • Hodges William Henry. Pte. (d.10th Nov 1917)
  • Holdsworth Joe Willie. Rfm. (d.20th Sep 1917)
  • Hollingsworth Frank. Pte. (d.9th Aug 1917 )
  • Hollington Joseph John. Pte. (d.21st Sep 1917)
  • Hopkins Thomas Henry. Pte. (d.26th Sep 1917)
  • Horne Arthur. Pte.
  • Horsman William James. L/Cpl. (d.31st July 1917)
  • Howard Harold. Pte. (d.18th Sep 1917)
  • Howell Edwin Thomas. Pte (d.31st July 1917)
  • Hoyle William. Rfmn. (d.26th Sep 1917)
  • Hubbard Joseph Henry.
  • Humphries William John. Cpl.
  • Hurdley Harold George. Pte. (d.4th Oct 1917)
  • Ingram George Morby. Capt
  • Isaacs William George.
  • Jacgung Lindsay Lee. Pte.
  • Jackson Robert. Pte.
  • Jacob Sidney Ralph. Pte (d.7th Dec 1917)
  • Jeffries Clarence Smith. Capt. (d.12th Oct 1917)
  • Jenkins Frank Mason. L/Sjt. (d.8th May 1918)
  • Johnson John Thomas. Sgt. (d.22nd Aug 1917)
  • Joicey Thomas. Pte. (d.31st July 1917)
  • Jones David Samuel William. Pte. (d.26 October 1917)
  • Jones David Tudor. Lt/Capt.
  • Jones Frederick Thomas. Pte.
  • Jones Reginald. Pte. (d.4th October 1917)
  • Jones Richard. Pte. (d.9th Oct 1917)
  • Jones Thomas William. Pte.
  • Jordan William Brinley. Pte. (d.2nd Aug 1917)
  • Kavanagh William. Pte. (d.31st Jul 1917)
  • Kay Elias James. Pte.
  • Keane William. 2ndLt.
  • Kearns Michael L.. Pte.
  • Keating Albert James. Pte.
  • Keegans John. Pte.
  • Kellaway Albert Alfred. Pte.
  • Kerr William. Rfm. (d.16th Aug 1917)
  • Knight Edward George James. Pte. (d.20th Sep 1917)
  • Lake Ernest Henry. Pte. (d.4th Oct 1917)
  • Lamb Joseph. Cpl.
  • Lauder George Herbert. L/Cpl. (d.25th Nov 1917)
  • Laverty John. L/Cpl. (d.20th Nov 1917)
  • Lawrence Ernest. Pte. (d.22nd Nov 1917)
  • Laxon Charles Norman.
  • Ledwidge Francis. (d.31st July 1917)
  • Leinthall William Charles. Pte. (d.18th Aug 1917)
  • Libby Frank Thomas. Sgt. (d.19th April 1918)
  • Liddell Sidney John. Pte. (d.26th Aug 1917)
  • Light Earl Eustace. Pte.
  • Litton Jack. Pte. (d.5th Oct 1917)
  • Lockley Tommy. Sgt.
  • Longstaff Richard Parker. Pte.
  • Lowery William Matthew. Pte. (d.26th Sep 1917)
  • Lund William Smith. Pte.
  • Luscombe Fred. Pte. (d.9th Oct 1917)
  • Lynch Patrick. Rfmn. (d.16th Aug 1917)
  • Machon Charles John. Pte. (d.7th Aug 1917)
  • Mackay Angus. Cpl. (d.5th May 1917)
  • Madden George. Pte. (d.10th Aug 1917)
  • Manly Eric. Lt. (d.18th July 1917)
  • Margrove Frederick George. Pte. (d.2nd Nov1917)
  • Martin Leslie Henry. Pte. (d.14th Oct 1917)
  • Mason Henry. Pte. (d.17th Jan 1918)
  • Mason Leonard. Sgt.
  • Masterman George Bernard. L/Cpl. (d.26th Sep 1917)
  • Maxwell Francis Aylmer. Brig. (d.21st Sep 1917)
  • McCann David Ernest. Pte. (d.4th Oct 1917)
  • McColl Charles Frederick. Pte. (d.28th Dec 1917)
  • McCormack John Robert. Sjt. (d.21st Oct 1917)
  • McGee Lewis. Sgt. (d.12th Oct 1917)
  • McGurk Bernard. Pte. (d.6th Sep 1917)
  • Mckee James. Pte.
  • McKee Patrick. Pte. (d.20th Nov 1917)
  • McKellow William Henry . Pte. (d.3rd Oct 1917)
  • McKenzie Hugh McDonald. Lt. (d.30th Oct 1917)
  • McLellan Downie. Pte. (d.12th Oct 1917)
  • McLellan Downie. Pte. (d.12th Oct 1917)
  • McNally Daniel. Pte. (d.26th Oct 1917)
  • McNeill Peter. Drum Major (d.20th Nov 1917)
  • Medlow David. Pte.
  • Mengham Frederick Louis. Pioneer (d.28 October 1917)
  • Mepham Henry. Rfmn. (d.22nd Nov 1917)
  • Mercer Alfred Sidney. Pte. (d.29th Apr 1918)
  • Metcalf Thomas. Gnr. (d.25th Oct 1917)
  • Midgley Edward Raynor. Pte. (d.27th September 1917)
  • Milburn Robert William Gutteridge. Pte. (d.27th Feb 1917)
  • Miller Bertie. L/Cpl. (d.2nd Oct 1917)
  • Miller Frederick Thomas. Rfmn. (d.14th Aug 1917)
  • Millett William H.. Cpl. (d.29th Nov 1917)
  • Mills Alfred. Fus.
  • Mills William. Pte. (d.30th Oct 1917)
  • Milton William Robert. Sgt. (d.24th Oct 1918)
  • Mitchell Colin Campbell. Capt.
  • Mitchell William Henry. Pte. (d.18th October 1917)
  • Moore Reginald Francis. Pte. (d.10th Oct 1917)
  • Mordle Thomas. Pte. (d.6th Aug 1917)
  • Morray John Robinson. Pte. (d.4th Oct 1917)
  • Morris Herbert William Ellery. Pte.
  • Moss John Ulrich. Pte. (d.31st Jul 1917)
  • Mules Arthur George. Pte. (d.26th Sep 1917)
  • Mullaly Thomas. Pte. (d.31st Jul 1917)
  • Mullin George. Sgt.
  • Mundy Samuel. Pte. (d.9th Sep 1918)
  • Murphy William. Cpl. (d.10th Oct 1917)
  • Newby Ernest. L/Cpl. (d.17th Oct 1917)
  • Nolan William. Cpl. (d.9th Aug 1917)
  • Northrop Harold. 2nd Lt. (d.9th Oct 1917)
  • Nunns Norman. 2nd Lt.
  • O'Dell Sidney Arthur. Cpl.
  • Oakes Edwin James. Pte. (d.6th October 1917)
  • Oman James Williams. Pte. (d.19th Sep 1917)
  • Ord George Henry. Pte.
  • Pattison John George. Pte. (d.4th Dec 1917)
  • Payne George Henry. Pte. (d.20th Sep 1917)
  • Phillips Charles Edgar. Pte. (d.9th Oct 1917)
  • Phillips Major. L/Cpl. (d.31st July 1917)
  • Phillips Walter Arthur. Rflman. (d.13th Oct 1917)
  • Pitblado Edward Stevenson. Pte. (d.26th Aug 1917)
  • Potts John William. L/Cpl. (d.26th September 1917)
  • Powell James. L/Cpl. (d.10th Nov 1917)
  • Pratt Edward Joseph. RSM. (d.20th Sep 1917)
  • Rackley Alfred. Pte (d.7th Oct 1917)
  • Radley Edward Kingsford. Cpl. (d.31st Jul 1917)
  • Redall Alfred. Cpl.
  • Reid James. CSM.
  • Riddiford Wallis Bristow. Pte. (d.26th Aug 1917)
  • Ritchie Thomas Geddes. Rflmn. (d.26th October 1917)
  • Robertson Clement. Capt. (d.4th Oct 1917)
  • Robertson Clement. Capt. (d.4th Oct 1917)
  • Robins Arthur. Sgt. (d.14th Oct 1918)
  • Robinson Henry Bernard. Pte. (d.23rd Sep 1917)
  • Robinson Walter. L/Cpl. (d.21st Sep 1917)
  • Robson Thomas Anthony. Pte. (d.5th May 1917)
  • Rolingson George Edward. Pte. (d.16th Aug 1917)
  • Rook Morton. Pte.
  • Ross William Houston. Spr. (d.14th Oct 1917)
  • Rowlands Edward David. Pte. (d.27th Sep 1918)
  • Rutherford William. Pte. (d.26th Feb 1919)
  • Sanderson Sam. Pte. (d.6th Apr 1917)
  • Sargeant Joseph Arthur. Cpl.
  • Savill Stanley Rust. Rfmn. (d.27th Sep 1917)
  • Saxton Frederick William. Pte. (d.18th Aug 1917)
  • Seston Charles Joseph. Drvr.
  • Shaw George Duncan. Major.
  • Sheehan Albert Frederick. L/Cpl.
  • Shepherd John. Pte. (d.21st Nov 1917)
  • Shorrock Walter. Cpl.
  • Simm Richard. Pte.
  • Simpkins Sanford Lional. Pte. (d.3rd Jan 1918)
  • Simpson William John Sydney. Lt.
  • Skilling William Milton. 2nd Lt.
  • Slimmer Louis. Pte. (d.23rd March 1918)
  • Smaje Louis Henry. Pte. (d.16th Aug 1917)
  • Smiles Edward William. Pte. (d.9th Oct 1917)
  • Smith Fred. Pte. (d.20th Oct 1918)
  • Smith James Amos. Pte. (d.6th Nov 1917)
  • Smith James Robert. Pte.
  • Smith John Edward. Pte. (d.23rd Apr 1917)
  • Smith John. Pte. (d.21st Aug 1917)
  • Smith Robert Henry. Pte. (d.12th Oct 1917)
  • Smith Walter Andrew. Pte. (d.10th Oct 1917)
  • Steel Edward. Pte.
  • Steel Oswald Leslie Jennings. Capt. (d.6th Aug 1917)
  • Stevens Samuel Edward. Rflmn. (d.25th Sep 1917)
  • Stewart James. (d.12th July 1917)
  • Stewart Thomas. L/Cpl. (d.16th Aug 1917)
  • Stobbs Henry. 2nd Lt. (d.26th Oct 1917)
  • Stockton Robert. Dvr.
  • Stone Alfred J.. Pte (d.8th Aug 1917)
  • Street Edward George. Dvr.
  • Swales George Frederick. L/Cpl. (d.23rd Sep 1917 )
  • Symonds Frederick Charles. Cpl. (d.8th Oct 1918)
  • Taylor Charles William Victor. Gnr. (d.2nd Aug 1917)
  • Taylor Joseph Alfred . Rfn.
  • Thomas Francis Albert. Pte.
  • Thomas Ralph. Pte. (d.27th July 1917)
  • Thompson John Frederick. Pte. (d.31st Jul 1917)
  • Thundercliffe Henry Francis. Pte. (d.9th Oct 1917)
  • Toman Patrick. Sgt.
  • Trull George Henry. Gnr. (d.30th Oct 1917)
  • Tubb Frederick Harold. Mjr. (d.20th Sep 1917)
  • Tyson Bertram. Pte. (d.27th Nov 1917)
  • Venning William Edwin. Sgt.
  • Vincent John Wright. Cpl.
  • Vose Francis Albert. Rfm.
  • Waghorne Sydney St.James. Spr.
  • Wakefield Albert Henry. Pte. (d.22nd Oct 1917)
  • Waldron Harry. Pte. (d.26th Oct 1917)
  • Wales Edward Ambrose. Sgt. (d.18th Nov 1917)
  • Ward Robert. Pte. (d.30th Nov 1917)
  • Wark Blair Anderson. Maj
  • Watson Arthur M.. (d.17th Nov 1917)
  • Watson John. Sgt. (d.10th Dec 1917)
  • Webster William. Pte. (d.31st July 1917)
  • White John Frederick. Pte. (d.31st July 1917)
  • Whitham Thomas. Pte.
  • Wilkinson Walter. L/Cpl. (d.9th Oct 1917)
  • Willis Reginald Grant. Pte.
  • Wills Albert Ernest. Drvr. (d.11th Nov 1917)
  • Wiseman William Ernest. L/Cpl. (d.31st Jul 1917)
  • Wood Ernest William. Pte.
  • Woodcock David Alexander. Pte. (d.15th Nov 1917)
  • Woodward Walter. Pte. (d.31 Jul 1917)
  • Woodward Walter. Pte. (d.31st Jul 1917)
  • Wright Walter Arthur. Pte. (d.4th May 1918)

The names on this list have been submitted by relatives, friends, neighbours and others who wish to remember them, if you have any names to add or any recollections or photos of those listed, please Add a Name to this List



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Wanted: Digital copies of Group photographs, Scrapbooks, Autograph books, photo albums, newspaper clippings, letters, postcards and ephemera relating to the Great War. If you have any unwanted photographs, documents or items from the First or Second World War, please do not destroy them. The Wartime Memories Project will give them a good home and ensure that they are used for educational purposes. Please get in touch for the postal address, do not sent them to our PO Box as packages are not accepted.





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Sep 2017

    Please note we currently have a backlog of submitted material, our volunteers are working through this as quickly as possible and all names, stories and photos will be added to the site. If you have already submitted a story to the site and your UID reference number is higher than 235634 your submission is still in the queue, please do not resubmit without contacting us first.

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Did you know? We also have a section on World War Two. and a Timecapsule to preserve stories from other conflicts for future generations.






Want to know more about Battle of Ypres, 3rd 1917?


There are:269 articles tagged Battle of Ypres, 3rd 1917 available in our Library





Recomended Reading.

Available at discounted prices.



The Trenches: A First World War Soldier, 1914-1918 (My Story)

Jim Eldridge


It's 1917 and Billy Stevens is a telegraph operator stationed near Ypres. The Great War has been raging for three years when Billy finds himself taking part in the deadly Big Push forward. But h is shocked to discover that the bullets of his fellow soldiers aren't just aimed at the enemy... This book while based on historical events is not portrayed as a normal history book. As it follows the character Billy Stevens, a fictional character through his experiences of WW1, serving in the British army. Basing his story on facts of the time and how he dealt with them, it really does bring home the sacrifices the men made in WW1. All in all a good read, and you dont have to like history to like this book, it is more about human endurance. BUY IT!!
Holt's Pocket Battlefield Guide to Ypres and Passchendaele

Tonie Holt & Valmai Holt


Covering the important WW1 Battles of Ypres, including the notorious Passchendaele, this guidebook takes readers on a historic trip through some of the well-known and most important sites of the area. This book, part of a new series of guides, is designed conveniently in a small size, for those who have only limited time to visit, or who are simply interested in as an introduction to the historic battlefields, whether on the ground or from an armchair. They contain selections from the Holts' more detailed guides of the most popular and accessible sites plus hand tourist information, capturing the essential features of the Battles. The book contains many full colour maps and photographs and detailed instructions on what to see and where to visit.
They Called it Passchendaele: The Story of the Battle of Ypres and of the Men Who Fought in it

Lyn MacDonald


The third battle of Ypres, culminating in a desperate struggle for the ridge and little village of Passchendaele, was one of the most appalling campaigns in the First World War. In this masterly piece of oral history, Lyn Macdonald lets over 600 participants speak for themselves. A million Tommies, Canadians and Anzacs assembled at the Ypres Salient in the summer of 1917, mostly raw young troops keen to do their bit for King and Country. This book tells their tale of mounting disillusion amid mud, terror and desperate privation, yet it is also a story of immense courage, comradeship, songs, high spirits and bawdy humour. They Called It Passchendaele portrays the human realities behind one of the most disastrous events in the history of warfare.
The German Army in World War I: v. 3: 1917-18

Nigel Thomas


."..beautifully illustrated and the eight color plates show off a variety of WWI uniforms/equipment that are appropriate for armies that fought in the RCW...fills a very necessary spot in my wargaming library... As always, Osprey books form the first line of any 'attack' on a new period of study!" -"HMG Reviewing Stand" Product Description This third volume of a mini-series covering the German forces in World War I examines the troops that fought during the climax of the war on all fronts: the last great battles of attrition in the West (Arras, Messines, 3rd Ypres - Passchendaele/Langemarck - and Cambrai, 1917) and the collapse of Russia in the East. The 'Kaiserschlacht' campaign is covered, as are the German operations in Italy, the Balkans, and in support of Turkey in the Middle East. Uniform changes during this period reflected the introduction of new tactics and weapons and new types of troops, such as tanks and assault battalions.
Lander's War: The War Diaries of Lt. Charles Herbert Lander 10th Battalion, Royal Warwickshire Regiment

Charles Herbert Lander


Written by a serving officer from 10th Battalion Royal Warwickshire Regiment in WW1 on the Western Front. This book provides detailed accounts of the Officers view of the war.
Somewhere in Blood Soaked France

Alasdair Sutherland


From the heat and dust of the Dardanelles to the mud of the Western Front, Corporal Angus Mackay had one constant companion, his diary. He wrote of the battles and campaigns he fought in, names that would go down in history: Gallipoli, the Somme, Ypres and Arras. Serving in the the 1st/5th Battalion (Queens Edinburgh Rifles) Royal Scots and later the 88th Brigade Machine Gun Corps, he left a record of one man's extraordinary and tragic war. In Somewhere in Blood Soaked France, Alasdair Sutherland reveals this previously unpublished account of the First World War, complete with historical context, orders of battle and extracts from official war diaries. This rare source - it was an offence to keep a record in a case of capture - offers a stirring insight into the bravery of Mackay and his companions, who were not afraid to die for their country. 'If I go under it will be in a good cause, so roll on the adventure.'
The Young Gunner: The Royal Field Artillery in the Great War

David Hutchison


The Young Gunner describes the history of the Royal Field Artillery in France and Flanders in the Great War, including the Battle of the Somme in 1916. The book is based on the letters and journals of Second Lieutenant Colin Hutchison who joined the army aged 19 just before the war started. He found himself in command of a single gun in battle in 1914, a section of guns in 1915, a battery of six guns in 1916, and a brigade of 24 guns by the end of the war. He tells the story of front line action in thirteen battles on the Western Front, including Mons 1914, Ypres 1915, The Somme 1916, Passchendaele 1917 and Ypres 1918. His personal stories are inspiring, but more importantly his letters and journals describe, in a consistent style, not only life on the front line with the artillery, but also the details of his tactical deployment in battle.David explains, from his perspective, why so many men died unnecessarily in that war, and why the changes in tactical thinking he saw as necessary t




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