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1st Battalion, The Scots Guards
1st Battalion, The Scots Guards were based in Aldershot with the 1st (Guards) Brigade, 1st Division when war broke out in August 1914. They proceeded to France landing at le Harve on the 14th, being amongst the first troops of the British Expeditionary Force. They fought in The Battle of Mons and the retreat from Mons, The Battle of the Marne, The Battle of the Aisne, the First Battle of Ypres and the Winter Operations of 1914-15. In 1915 they were in action during The Battle of Aubers. On the 25th of August 1915 they transferred to 2nd Guards Brigade, Guards Division and were in action in The Battle of Loos. In 1916 they fought on The Somme in The Battle of Flers-Courcelette and The Battle of Morval, capturing Lesboeufs. In 1917 they were in action in The German retreat to the Hindenburg Line, the Third Battle of Ypres and The Battle of Cambrai. In 1918 they fought on The Somme, during the Battles of the Hindenburg Line, The pursuit to the Selle, The Battle of the Selle and The Battle of the Sambre. At the Armistice they were near Maubeuge and were then ordered to the Rhine, crossing the German frontier on the 11th of December. They returned to England in early 1919.Can you add to this factual information? Do you know the whereabouts of this unit on a particular day? Which battles they took part in? Or any other interesting snipts?
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Please note we currently have a backlog of submitted material, our volunteers are working through this as quickly as possible and all names, stories and photos will be added to the site. If you have already submitted a story to the site and your UID reference number is higher than 215679, your information is still in the queue, please do not resubmit without contacting us first.
Those known to have served with 1st Battalion, The Scots Guards during the Great War 1914-1918.
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- L/Sgt. Samuel Alexander Richardson (d.20th Sep 1914) Read their Story.
- Sgt. Randolph Churchill Spencer MID Read their Story.
- Sgt. Brown Webster Read their Story.
The names on this list have been submitted by relatives, friends, neighbours and others who wish to remember them, if you have any names to add,, or any recollections or photos of those listed, please get in touch.
L/Sgt. Samuel Alexander Richardson 1st Battalion Scots Guards (d.20th Sep 1914)My grandfather, Samuel Richardson sustained a gunshot wound to the right shoulder during the Battle of Aisne on the 14th September 1914. His death certificate which was written in French by a medical officer by the name of Armstrong Smith states that he died from serious chest complications.
The war diary for this day states 'The Batallion moved at 5.30am via Moulins and Vendresse to a hill between that place and Troyon - 2 companies in Brigade reserve and 2 companies sent as artillery escort to Tour de Passy'. The casualties for this day is recorded as 3 officers and 16 men killed, 3 officers and 86 men wounded and 12 missing. Information kindly supplied by the Headquarters Scots Guards, London SW1.
Sgt. Randolph Churchill Spencer MID 1st Battalion Scots Guards/Tank CorpsMy grandfather Randolph Spencer was born 11.4.1894 in Auchenflower, Queensland. His parents had emigrated in 1883. He came to the UK and joined the Scots Guards. He saw action at Ypres, Festubert and Loos. He was made up to Acting Sgt 22.6.1915 1st Battalion Scots Guards (London Gazette). He married at the Parish Church, Willesden having met my grandmother (I believe she was a nurse during WW1) on 10.6.1916. A photo shows him centre with a couple of his men at his wedding. He was Mentioned in Dispatches a couple of times having rescued his men whilst wounded. His first son Paul was born in December 1917 in Wareham (I assume as he was now part of the Tank Corps his wife was living near Wareham where they were training men). He was commissioned after the war but retired 28.10.1921.
Sgt. Brown Webster 1st Battalion Scots GuardsBrown Webster was my husband's grandfather. He enlisted in the Scots Guards on 5th November 1914, lying about his age. He was actually 16. He was sent to France on 6th April 1916 and was promoted to Sergeant on 10th October 1916. He was wounded and sent home on 10th August 1917. He was treated (we believe) for shrapnel wounds in Endell St Hospital in London and was then declared unfit for further service. He was discharged from the reserve battalion in 1919. He became a draper after the war but died in 1930 aged 32.
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