- Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry during the Great War -
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Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry
1st (Buckinghamshire) Battalion, Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry were a territorial unit based in Aylesbury, serving with South Midland Brigade, South Midland Division. The units had just departed for their annual summer camp when war broke out in August 1914 and they were at once recalled. They mobilised for war service on 5th of August and moved to concentrate in the Chelmsford area by the second week of August and commenced training. They proceeded to France from Folkestone, landing at Bologne on the 31st of March 1915. The Division had concentrated near Cassel. On the 15th of May the formation was renamed 145th Brigade, 48th (South Midland) Division. In 1916 They were in action in the Battle of the Somme, suffering hevy casualties on the 1st of July in assaulting the Quadrilateral (Heidenkopf). They were also in action at The Battle of Bazentin Ridge, capturing Ovillers, The Battle of Pozieres Ridge, The Battle of the Ancre Heights and The Battle of the Ancre. In 1917 the Division occupied Peronne during the The German Retreat to the Hindenburg Line and were in action in the Third Battles of Ypres. On the 21st of November 1917 they entrained for Italy. In 1918 they were involved in The fighting on the Asiago Plateau and The Battle of the Vittoria Veneto in the Val d'Assa area. At the Armistice the Division had withdrawn and was at Granezza. Demobilisation began in early 1919.
The 7th (Service) Battalion, Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry was raised at Oxford in September 1914 as part of Kitchener's Third New Army and joined 78th Brigade. 26th Division. The units of the new division began to to assemble in the Salisbury Plain area from September 1914. Training was much improvised as equipment and Khaki uniforms were not available until early spring 1915. They proceeded to France on the 21st September 1915, landing at Boulogne and the division concentrated at Guignemicourt to the west of Amiens. In November 1915 26th Division moved to Salonika via Marseilles. On the 26th of December they moved from Lembet to Happy Valley Camp. In 1916 hey were in action in the Battle of Horseshoe Hill in 1917 the fought in the First and Second Battles of Doiran. In mid 1918 some units of the Division moved back to France and the remainer were in action in the Third Battle of Doiran and the Pursuit to the Strumica Valley. Advance units crossed the Serbian-Bulgarian boarder on the 25th of September but the Armitice with Bulgaria came just two days later. The Division advanced towards Adrianople in Turkey, but fighting was soon at an end and 26th Division became part of the Army of the Danube and later the Occupation of Bulgaria. Demobilisation began in February 1919, with Italian troops arriving to replace British units.
6th (Service) Battalion, Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry was raised at Oxford in September 1914 as part of Kitchener's Second New Army and joined 60th Brigade, 20th (Light) Division. After initial training the in the Oxford area with little equipment, they moved to Deepcut In February 1915 they moved to Godalming and then to Salisbury Plain in April for final training and proceeded to France on the 22nd of July, landing at Bologne and the division concentrating in the Saint-Omer area. They moved to the Fleurbaix area for trench familiarisation. In 1916 they were in action at the The Battle of Mount Sorrel, in which the Division, along with the Canadians, recaptured the heights. They were in action on the Somme in The Battle of Delville Wood, The Battle of Guillemont, The Battle of Flers-Courcelette, The Battle of Morval and The Battle of Le Transloy. In 1917 they were in action during The German retreat to the Hindenburg Line, The Battle of Langemarck, The Battle of the Menin Road Ridge, The Battle of Polygon Wood and The Cambrai Operations. In early 1918 the army was reorganised and on the 15th of February th e6th Ox & Bucks were disbanded in France, with troops transferring to the 2/4th and 5th Ox & Bucks and the 14th Entrenching Battalion.
5th (Service) Battalion, Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry was raised at Oxford in August 1914 as part of Kitchener's First New Army and joined 42nd Brigade, 14th (Light) Division. After training they proceeded to France, landing at Bologne on the 21st of May 1915. They fought in the The Action of Hooge, being the first division to be attacked by flamethrowers. They were in action in The Second Attack on Bellewaarde. In 1916 they were on the Somme seeing action in The Battle of Delville Wood and The Battle of Flers-Courcelette. In 1917 they fought in The German retreat to the Hindenburg Line, The First and Third Battle of the Scarpe at Arras, The Battle of Langemark and The First and Second Battle of Passchendaele. In 1918 they returned to the Somme and were in action during The Battle of St Quentin and The Battle of the Avre, suffering very heavy casualties with almost 6,000 men of the Division killed or injured The Division was withdrawn from the front line and were engaged building a new defensive line to the rear. On the 27th of April, the battalion was reduced to a cadre and on the 16th of June thet transferred to 16th (Irish) Division and returned to England. On the 20th of June 1918 they were absorbed by the 18th Battalion, Gloucestershire Regiment.
4th Battalion, Oxfordshire and Bucks Light Infantry was a unit of the Territorial Force with its HQ in Oxford. It was part of the South Midland Infantry Brigade, South Midland Division. They had just departed for their annual summer camp when war broke out in August 1914 and they were at once recalled. They mobilised for war service on 5th of August and moved to concentrate in the Chelmsford area by the second week of August and commenced training. They proceeded to France from Folkestone, landing at Bologne on the 31st of March 1915. The Division had concentrated near Cassel. On the 15th of May the formation was renamed 145th Brigade, 48th (South Midland) Division. In 1916 They were in action in the Battle of the Somme, suffering hevy casualties on the 1st of July in assaulting the Quadrilateral (Heidenkopf). They were also in action at The Battle of Bazentin Ridge, capturing Ovillers, The Battle of Pozieres Ridge, The Battle of the Ancre Heights and The Battle of the Ancre. In 1917 the Division occupied Peronne during the The German Retreat to the Hindenburg Line and were in action in the Third Battles of Ypres. On the 21st of November 1917 they entrained for Italy. In 1918 they were involved in The fighting on the Asiago Plateau and The Battle of the Vittoria Veneto in the Val d'Assa area. At the Armistice the Division had withdrawn and was at Granezza. Demobilisation began in early 1919.
4th Aug 1914 All ready.
14th Aug 1914 2nd Ox & Bucks proceed to France 2nd Battalion Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry departed Aldershot to sail to Bolougne.
29th Aug 1914 Day of Rest
24th Sep 1914 Hell cannot be Worse
25th Oct 1914 An Unnerving Effect
28th Oct 1914 A Game of Hide and Seek
29th Oct 1914 Writting from Hospital
1st Nov 1914 Enemy All Around
2nd Nov 1914 Holding the Line
11th Nov 1914 In the Field
5th Dec 1914 Hardly a Row of Houses Left
22nd Dec 1914 Things are Better Now
27th Dec 1914 Christmas at the Front
25th Jan 1915 Swift Reinforcements
9th May 1915 2nd Ox & Bucks on the march
10th May 1915 2nd Ox & Bucks in the line.
11th May 1915 Bringing in Wounded
16th May 1915 Attack made
27th May 1915 Tour of new Trenches
28th May 1915 A sad find
30th May 1915 2nd Ox & Bucks in the trenches
11th Jun 1915 Trench Work
6th Jul 1915 Football Match
29th Jul 1915 8th Worcesters relieve 4th Ox & Bucks
12th Aug 1915 King and country come first
A Palatial Residence
9th Sep 1915 When are you Coming Over?
17th Sep 1915 Caught them on the Hop
25th Sep 1915 5th Ox & Bucks in Action
25th Sep 1915 2nd Ox & Bucks in Action
17th Oct 1915 Enemy Mine Explodes
22nd Jun 1915 5th Oc & Bucks on the attack
30th Jun 1916 Last Preparations
22nd July 1916 Move to Roneville trenches
11th Sep 1916 At 09.15. 18th Battn. Durham Light Infantry, less details moved into front line in Neuve Chapelle Sector. A, B and D Coys in Front Line C in reserve. Battalion on right is 15 West Yorks. Battalion on left 2/1st Bucks 184 Bde 61 Div. Details moved to Transport Lines South West of Lestrem. 18th Battn. DLI relieved 13 York & Lancasters. Very quiet night.
24th Oct 1916 No Rest
16th Dec 1916 On the March
10th Mar 1917 Pioneers at Work
20th Apr 1917 16th Northumberland Fusiliers relieved by 2/6th Ox & Bucks The 16th Battalion, Northumberland Fusiliers are relieved at Fayet by the 2/6th btn Oxon and Bucks Light Infantry, the Northumberlands withdraw to Germaine.
15th May 1915 Ready to Attack
30th June 1917 Battle of Messines
If you can provide any additional information, please add it here.
Want to know more about Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry?
There are:23295 pages and articles tagged Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry available in our Library
Those known to have served with
Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry
during the Great War 1914-1918.
- Bennett James. 2nd Btn.
- Betts Richard Member. Sgt. 6th Btn. (d.40 Myatt Rd, Offenham, Evesham)
- Blackwell Albert Christie. 2nd Battalion
- Bowen Alfred William. Pte.
- Bradshaw Harold. Sgt. 7th Btn. (d.9th May 1917)
- Brooke Richard Reginald Maude. Capt. (d.31st May 1915)
- Carpenter Harry. Pte. 8th Btn. (d.8th Jun 1917)
- Chant Frederick. Pte. 6th Btn. (d.20th February 1917)
- Clack Thomas. Pte. (d.13th Apr 1917)
- Clifton John. Pte. 5th Btn. (d.14th Jan 1916)
- Cooper James. Pte. 4th Btn (d.15th Jun 1918)
- Cozier Henry John. Pte. 5th Battalion (d.25th Sept 1915)
- Cross Horatio Nelson. Pte. 2nd Battalion (d.14th Mar 1915)
- Davidson John. Pte.
- Dodd Ernest. Cpl. 5th Btn. (d.16th Oct 1915)
- Dunbrill Harry. Pte.
- Freeman Henry. L/Cpl. 5th Battalion (d.24th Aug 1916)
- Hammick Stephen Frederick. Capt. (d.18th April 1916)
- Harding George. Pte. 2nd Btn. (d.3rd Nov 1914)
- Harrison Harry. Sgt. 8th Btn. (d.19th Nov 1918)
- Harrison Harry. Sgt. 8th Btn. (d.19th Nov 1918)
- James Walter. Pte. 5th Battalion (d.20th Aug 1916)
- Jones Arthur Thomas. Sgt. 6th Btn.
- King William George. Cpl. 6th Btn.
- Kitchen Aubrey Wilfred. 5th Batallion (d.3rd May 1917)
- Lyman James Jesse. Pte. 2nd Btn. B Company, 8th Platoon (d.11th Sep 1918)
- Lyman James Jesse. Pte. 2nd Btn. (d.111th Sep 1918)
- Matthews Frank. Pte. 2nd Battalion (d.21st Oct 1914)
- McKellar Quinten. Pte. 20th Battallion
- Measey Frank. Cpl. 7th Battalion (d.22nd June 1918)
- Measey George. Pte. 2/4th Battalion (d.5th Oct 1918)
- Pargeter James Henry. L/Cpl. 5th Battalion (d.15th January 1916)
- Pill Albert. Pte.
- Pratley Ernest Walter. Pte. 1st/4th Btn. (d.12th Jan 1916)
- Pritchard Edgar Joseph. Pte.
- Sherwood Charles Edward. 2nd Lt. 3rd Btn. (d.22nd Oct 1917)
- Sherwood Charles Edward. 2nd Lt. 3rd Btn. (d.22nd Oct 1917)
- Sparrow Frederick. Pte. 5th Btn. (d.25th Sep 1915)
- Toohey Frederick Thomas. Cpl (d.1914)
- Turner Frank Edward. Pte. (d.26th Nov 1914)
- Welch John William. Pte. 2nd Btn. (d.1st Aug 1917)
- West William. Pte. 5th Btn. (d.9th Apr 1917)
- White Robert James. Pte. 5th Btn. (d.23rd March 1918)
- Willis George. Pte. 7th Btn. (d.6th Oct 1915)
All names on this list have been submitted by relatives, friends, neighbours and others who wish to remember them, if you have any names to add or any recollections or photos of those listed, please Add a Name to this List
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Pte. James Jesse Lyman MM. 2nd Btn. Oxford and Bucks Light Infantry (d.111th Sep 1918)James Lyman was killed in action on the 11th of September 1918, aged 24 and is buried in the Hermies Hill British Cemetery in France. He was a resident of Gayhurst, Buckinghamshires flynn
James Bennett 2nd Btn. Ox & Bucks Light InfantryMy great grandfather, Bugler James Bennett, served with the Ox & Bucks Light Infantry between 1892 and 1919. He was appointed bugler on 5th May 1904 when he was with the 2nd Btn. I would like to trace a photo of him. Can anyone help?Joanna Haycroft
Sgt. Richard Member "John" Betts DCM. 6th Btn. Oxfordshire and Bucks Light Infantry (d.40 Myatt Rd, Offenham, Evesham)Richard Betts was my great granddad. He took part in the Battle of Guillemont where he won the DCM for galantry charging down an enemy machine gun post and was shot in both arms during the act.John Betts
2nd Lt. Charles Edward Sherwood 3rd Btn. Oxford and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry (d.22nd Oct 1917)Charles Sherwood served with the 3rd Btn. Oxford and Bucks Light InfantryJohn Snaith
2nd Lt. Charles Edward Sherwood 3rd Btn. Oxford & Buckinghamshire Light Infantry (d.22nd Oct 1917)2nd Lt. Charles Sherwood served with the 3rd Btn. Ox & Bucks Light InfantryJohn Snaith
Sgt. Harold Bradshaw 7th Btn. Oxfordshire & Buckinghamshire Light Infantry (d.9th May 1917)Harold Bradshaw was born in Radcliffe, Lancashire on the 5th June 1891. He later went to work as a coal miner in Barnsley, West Riding of Yorkshire (now South Yorkshire). On the 9th of May 1917 he was reported as missing in Salonica, Greece and was later reported as killed in action same day. Having no known grave he is remembered on the Doiran Memorial. At home he is remembered on the World War 1 Memorial Plaque inside Ardsley Christ Church, Barnsley.Valerie Parkinson
Pte. Frederick Sparrow 5th Btn. Oxfordshire & Buckinghamshire Light Infantry (d.25th Sep 1915)Frederick Sparrow died on the first day of the Battle of Loos, a young man cut down in his prime, like so many others of his generation on both sides in the Great War.Rita Sparrow
L/Cpl. Henry Freeman 5th Battalion Oxfordshire and Bucks Light Infantry (d.24th Aug 1916)Henry Freeman served with the 5th Battalion Oxford and Buckinghamshire Light InfantryDorothy McBride
Sgt. Harry Harrison 8th Btn. Oxfordshire & Buckinghamshire L.I. (d.19th Nov 1918)Harry Harrisondied of pneumonia on the 19th of November 1918, aged 28. He is buried in the Plovdiv Central Cemetery in Bulgaria.s flynn
Sgt. Arthur Thomas "Jo" Jones MM & Bar. 6th Btn. Oxfordshire and Bucks Light InfantryBorn in Oxen 1896, my Father, Arthur Jones was badly wounded in the last period of 1917 possibly winning the bar for his MM (gazetted 9/12/1916)& 12/11/1917) and was hospitalized. He was given a silver shoulder blade, and once fit enough, returned to light duties as a prisoner of war guard. We know at the end of the war (or sooner) he joined the Labour Corps as a Sergeant with the Army number 443711. He ended his service as a Quarter Master Sergeant in 1921.
We are trying to find out more details of which hospital, where and with what type of wounds? where he went next, When he joined the Corps and where did he serve, plus the date of de-mob.
To end the story he re-enlisted in the RAF in 1922 as a Sergeant 351512 and served through-out the Second World War & was awarded the MBE in 1942, retiring in 1951 as a Wing Commander. He died on 12th of July 1972Colin Arthur Jones
Pte. Frank Matthews 2nd Battalion Oxfordshire and Bucks Light Infantry (d.21st Oct 1914)Unfortunately no details known about Frank Matthews service with the 2nd Battalion, Oxfordshire and Bucks Light Infantry.Nicholas Crampton
Pte. John Davidson Oxfordshire and Bucks Light InfantryMy grandfather, John Davidson, was enlisted 19 Feb 1917 as a 'motor driver'. Needless to say, he saw little driving and a lot of battle. His two brothers were also enlisted. Amazingly, at one point, they all met up on the front completely by chance. Even more amazing, they all survived the war, although all suffered injuries. I am still uncertain of his actual regiment within the Ox and Bucks.William Brown
Pte. William West 5th Btn. Oxford and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry (d.9th Apr 1917)Billy West, was my great uncle who was killed in action at the Battle of Arras aged 20. There is little else known about him other than he was in the 5th Battalion, Oxford and Bucks and is buried in the Tolloy Cemetery.J Biddle
Capt. Stephen Frederick Hammick Oxford and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry (d.18th April 1916)Capt. Hammick died on 18 April 1916 at the age 45, from wounds received in action. He is buried in Basra War Cemetery, Iraq.S Flynn
Sgt. Harry Harrison 8th Btn. Oxfordshire & Buckinghamshire Light Infantry (d.19th Nov 1918)Harry Harrison served with the 8th Battalion, Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry during WW1 and died of pneumonia on the 19th November 1918, aged 28. He is buried in the Plovdiv Central Cemetery in Bulgaria. He was the husband of Emma Harrison, of 14, Mitella St., BurnleyS Flynn
Capt. Richard Reginald Maude Brooke Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry (d.31st May 1915)Richard Brooke served with the Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry and was killed in action in Mesopotamia in May 1915.s flynn
Pte. Edgar Joseph Pritchard Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light InfantryEdgar Joseph Pritchard, my Grandfather, fought in World War 1 with the Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry, enlisting on the 30th March 1915). He married Daisy Eva Harris, my Grandmother in September 1916. She was born in January 1900 in Tilehurst near Reading, Berkshire, (although her marriage certificate says she was aged 18). At the time she was living at 11 Picton Villas, Langley New Town (Langley Marish as it was then) near Slough. I believe there was an army base at Langley during World War 1.Josie Llewelyn
Pte. George Willis 7th Btn. Oxford and Bucks Light Infantry (d.6th Oct 1915)George Willis of the 7th Bn Oxford and Bucks Light Infantry died 6th October 1915 age 26. His name is on the Thiepval Memorial.Marilyn Hammond
Pte. James Jesse Lyman MM. 2nd Btn. B Company, 8th Platoon Oxfordshire and Bucks Light Infantry (d.11th Sep 1918)Before enlistment James Lyman worked at Coxís Dairy Farm in Gayhurst,Buckinghamshire. He was one of seven brothers to serve in the war and was the only one to die. Most of his brothers joined up within a year after war had broken out, but his eldest brother Harry was below the required height for recruitment. James enlisted at Bletchley on the 18th March 1916 and then proceeded to France in the following July. James was moved to the 2nd Ox and Bucks Light Infantry were he got his first taste of battle in Bethune.
On the evening of 11 September 1918 the men of 8th Platoon, 2nd Ox and Bucks LI were advised that they were going to go over the top after the artillery barrage had finished. The weather was terrible and the floor was thick with mud. The companies were to attack with a frontage of 1,500 Yards and 100 Yards between each wave. B company (8th Platoon) went too far to the left during the attack resulting in a considerable gap between B and D Company and therefore the Germans were able to hold off the two companies in the gap. Communication was very difficult and all signal lines gave at once.
Jim Lyman was heavily wounded during the push for Lock 7 on the evening of the 11th, He was awarded the Military Medal for bravery in the field. It was unknown what he did but from what we know from the war diaries and a letter received from the Brigade Chaplin it seemed he could have volunteered to be a runner and was injured doing so. James was brought back to the advanced field hospital where he was unconscious and beyond all human help. He died a few minutes later. The brigade Chaplin, Rev. George Galbraith, buried James in a shallow grave behind the lines where he then read a short personal service at Jamesí graveside.
In November 1918, the ribbon of the Military Medal was awarded posthumously to Private Lyman and would be sent to his mother by the Colonel, who wrote; "I knew him well. He was a good soldier, a credit to his regiment and to himself." Major General C. Pereira, C.B., C.M.G., Commanding the 2nd Division, also wrote, congratulating Mrs. Lyman on the bravery of her son.Thomas James
Pte. Walter James 5th Battalion Oxfordshire and Bucks Light Infantry (d.20th Aug 1916)Great Great Uncle Walter James died at the age of 46. His name is on Thiepval Memorial, Somme, France and the Bletchley War Memorial. The 5th (Service) Battalion, Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry was raised at Oxford In 1916 they were on the Somme seeing action in The Battle of Delville Wood and The Battle of Flers-Courcelette.Dawn Richardson
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