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The Northumberland Fusiliers



The Northumberland Fusiliers was formed in 1881 from the 5th (Northumberland) Regiment of Foot
Battalions during the Great War 1914-1918:


Can you add to this factual information? Do you know the whereabouts of this unit on a particular day? Which battles they took part in? Or any other interesting snipts?







Those known to have served with The Northumberland Fusiliers during the Great War 1914-1918.

Select a story link or scroll down to browse those stories hosted on this site.

The names on this list have been submitted by relatives, friends, neighbours and others who wish to remember them, if you have any names to add,, or any recollections or photos of those listed, please get in touch.





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Mar 2014

    Please note we currently have a backlog of submitted material, our volunteers are working through this as quickly as possible and all names, stories and photos will be added to the site. If you have already submitted a story to the site and your UID reference number is higher than 215485, your information is still in the queue, please do not resubmit without contacting us first.

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1

Sjt Mjr John Errol Tompkins Northumberland Fusiliers

I am trying to find information about paternal grandfather John Errol Tompkins. He was born in Cullercoats and became a Sergeant Major. My mother said he was severely injured in WW1 and served in the Northumberland Fusiliers.



799

Sergeant William Henry Grant Tyneside Scottish Fusilliers

I’m trying to find out about my great-grandfather and the circumstances of his death. Any history and information regarding my great-grandfather would be would be greatly appreciated.



802

Harold John Thomas Wood 2nd Battalion Northumberland Fusiliers (d.5th October 1918)

Harold John Thomas Wood, Service number 16677, served with the 2nd Battalion Northumberland Fusiliers. He died on October 5th 1918 and is buried in Doingt Cemetery, near Peronne, Somme, France. He was the elder brother of my wife's grandmother and it would be fitting if he could be listed with those others who fought with the Fusiliers in the Great War.



855

Pte. Thomas Frain 25th Btn. Northumberland Fusiliers

Thomas Frain 2nd Tyneside Irish.

This is a extract from an Autograph Book which at a guess belonged to a nurse who treated wounded soldiers in various hospitals in the UK between 1913 and 1917. My Mother rescued the book which was about to be thrown away with the rubbish in 1968.

Thomas Frain served with the 2nd Tyneside Irish, 25th Btn, Northumberland Fusiliers. He signed this autograph book whilst he was being treated at the Acute Hospital Alnwick on the 13th July 1917.



857

H. Wilkinson 9th Btn. Northumberland Fusiliers

Poem written in an autograph book by H Wilkinson


This is a extract from an Autograph Book which at a guess belonged to a nurse who treated wounded soldiers in various hospitals in the UK between 1913 and 1917. My Mother rescued the book which was about to be thrown away with the rubbish in 1968.

H Wilkinson served with the 9th Northumberland Fusiliers and was treated in the Acute Hospital at Alnwick in July 1917.



954

Lance Sjt. William Watson 10th Btn Northumberland Fusiliers

William Watson was my husband's father who had a very colourful war. He enlisted in the Northumberland Fusiliers his Reg No was 19837, he was in the 10th Northumberland Fusiliers he became a L/Sgt. The principle actions he took part in were:

1916 Battles of the Somme - Battle of Albert 4 - 11th July - Capture of Contalmaison 10th July - Battle of Pozieres Ridge 26th July - 8th Aug - Battle of Flers Courcelette 19 - 22 Sep - Battle of Morval 25 28 Sep - Battle of Transloy Ridges 1 - 9th Oct - Capture of Le Sars 7th Oct

1917 Battle of Messines 7 - 14th July - Battles of Ypres - Battle of Menin Road Ridge 20 - 24th Sep - Battle of Polygon Wood Sep 2nd Oct - First Battle of Passchendaeles 12th Oct

He was wounded three times but only one wound recorded in Regimental magazine dated April 1917 I'm not sure which battle he received his wound.

I have a blank space before he turns up again in the Royal Flying Corps his number is 319479. He was Gazetted 2nd Lieutenant 4th July 1919. Any information to fill in my blanks would be greatly appreciated



991

Pte. William Bainbridge Bailey 13th Btn. Durham Light Infantry

I have been doing some research into my great-grandfather who fought in the Great War.

His name was William Bainbridge Bailey. Rank: Private. He fought with the 13th Durham Light Infantry at Contalmaison on the Somme and also with the Northumberland Fusiliers in many fronts, including the Third Battle of Ypres.

There is some confusion with the Battle of Contalmaison; his war diary (now in the University of Leeds) says he fought on the 4th August 1916. However the websites I have researched show the Battles of Contalmaison were in July 1916. If anyone has any information on this I would be grateful. I would also love to hear about any connections with my grandfather.

Main Events from 1915 – 1917

Joined the Royal Fusiliers on November 1915, aged 19. Transferred to Northumberland Fusiliers June 24th (part of Tyneside Scottish Regiment). Arrived in France July 15th. Transferred to 13th Durham Light Infantry in Franvilliers. Fought at Albert in front line 28th July. Said there were very heavy casualties. August 1st was deployed to Contalmaison (part of the Somme front). 4th August attacked Contalmaison at dusk (hit by machine gun bullet in right thigh and lay in no-man’s land for three days). 7th August crawled back to trenches. Sent home to England for treatment 13th August.

Served in reserve Northumberland Fusiliers four miles from Hull. Transferred to Northumberland Fusiliers (Tyneside Scottish) 9th January 1917. Deployed to Armentiers. 11th February went on bombing raid at Armentiers. Not injured although the battalion suffered heavy casualties.13th February came back to battalion at Gadewelde. 9th April (Easter Monday) went over top at Arras. 24th April left Arras reserve and went to front line. Had a rough time taking position and Battalion suffered heavy casualties. 30th April, just one hour before being relieved, the unit was shelled heavily. Had a very narrow escape, five men killed next to him and two wounded.

After being in and out of hospital with a skin disease, he returned to Northumberland Fusiliers. 5th July left for front lines at Peronne. 8th July went to front for four days. Said it was ‘very hot’ with no let up at all. Went over the top just East of Hardecourt. Captured 600 yards of enemy trench.

7th October deployed to Ypres. 16th October was sent to Ypres front line (Passchendaele). Night of 16th October was hit with shrapnel in both legs and right arm. Sent to Number 2 Canadian General Hospital, had three operations and left leg was amputated just above knee. Left for England, or in his words, ‘Back to Blighty.’

Overview

  • - Trained with Royal Fusiliers
  • - Fought for Durham Light Infantry at Albert and Contalmaison (The Somme).
  • - Fought for Northumberland Fusiliers (Tyneside Scottish) at: Armentiers, Arras, Peronne, Hardecourt and Ypres. (Passchendaele).

    War Reminiscences

  • “Enough of War”
  • “I realized how close God always is to us, one always feels a little reserved about one’s own experience, suffering and hardships. Never boast. And your never alone in trouble.”

    Main Reminiscences

  • - Laying alone in no-man’s land.
  • - Crossing channel for third time in a paddleboat when he encountered a mine. Suffered worst sea-sickness but said, “Navy, good work.”
  • - Etaples, never ending stream of men.
  • - Doing gas guard.

    His Lucky and Unlucky Fridays

  • - Born on Good Friday April 3rd 1896.
  • - Sworn into the army Friday November 19th 1915.
  • - Left England for France Friday July 14th 1916.
  • - Wounded at Contalmaison Friday August 4th 1916
  • - Home on sick furlough Friday October 1916.
  • - Left leg amputated Friday November 12th 1917.



  • 204746

    Pte. Thomas Bell Shepherd 3rd Btn. Northumberland Fusiliers

    My grandfather Thomas Bell Shepherd joined the 3rd Battalion Northumberland Fusiliers c 1915, transferring to the 1st Platoon of the Machine Gun Corps where he fought in the Battle of the Somme. At some point he was wounded by shrapnel and spent time recovering at Frodsham Auxiliary Military Hospital, Cheshire, where he met local girl Minnie May Duncalf. He transferred to the Royal Flying Corps at the beginning of 1918. He ended the war as a 2nd Lieutenant in the RAF. On February 1st 1919, he married Minnie May, my grandmother, in Aberdeen. He was at that time posted at Longside Airship Station, near Peterhead, Scotland. By 28th February 1919 he was transferred to the unemployed list.



    204510

    Cpl. George Henry Collins 26th (Tynside Irish) Btn. Northumberland Fusiliers (d.10th Nov 1916)

    I am looking for any information at all on my Great Uncle George Collins. There is a Supplementary Note that he was Formerly 18188 West Riding Regt from CWGC but I believe his records were lost in a fire. Any help will be greatly appreciated



    205962

    L/Cpl. Edward Alfred Williamson 8th Btn. Northumberland Fusiliers (d.17th Sep 1917)

    The above was my great uncle, older brother of my maternal grandmother. He along with his older brother both enlisted as part of Kitcheners army of 1914, His older brother John also died as a result of wounds during the Somme battle of 1916. He was in the 11th Battalion of the Northumberland Fusiliers. They were both coal miners around the Wakefield coal fields, both married, but never to return home. John left a wife and four children, Teddy as he was known by his family had one child. All I know about Teddy is that he voluntered and was killed in action just pror to the battle of the Menin Rd,20th September 1917. His body was never found and he is commemerated at the Tyne Cot cemetery.



    1205533

    2nd Lt. Oscar Ralph Kelly 53rd Sqd. (d.12th May 1917)

    Oscar Kelly was commissioned into the Northumberland Fusiliers in 1916 and transferred to the RFC in May 1917. He was killed whilst on a photographic mission flying in an RE8 from Bailleul over the front lines near Messines, when his aircraft was shot down. He is buried at Oosttaverne Cemetery.



    204997

    Pte. Alexander John Lawrence Northumberland Fusiliers (d.12th May 1918)

    Any information on Alex would be gratefully received. Believed to have been killed accidentally by a colleague.



    205120

    Pte. Aaron Hare 1st Btn. Northumberland Fusiliers (d.29th Mar 1918)

    Aaron Hare was my great great uncle. He was born in 1885 in Kelloe, East Hetton in the county of Durham one of seven children,the youngest son of John & Elizabeth Hare. He had a number of siblings (in age order) Henry, Samuel, John, Mary Ann, Francis (my great grandmother) & Elizabeth.

    Aaron Hare was married to Isabella Ann Hare and lived in Choppington, Northumberland. He was killed in WW1 in France on 29th March 1918 aged 32 years and is remembered at the Arras Memorial.

    His brother John was a private in the 12th Battalion Northumberland Fusiliers, service No. 10627, he was killed in action aged 39 on 27th of Sep 1915, and is remembered at the Loos Memorial.



    205119

    Pte. John Hare 12th Btn. Northumberland Fusiliers (d.27th Sep 1915)

    John Hare was my great great uncle. He was born in 1876, one of seven children, the 3rd eldest,son of John & Elizabeth Hare. He had a number of siblings (in age order) Henry, Samuel, Mary Ann, Francis (my great grandmother), Aaron & Elizabeth.

    John Hare was married to Margaret and lived in Choppington, Northumberland. He was killed in France on 27th September 1915 and is remembered on the Loos Memorial.

    His brother Aaron also died in WW1 on 29th March 1918 aged 32 years as a member of the 1st Btn. Northumberland Fusiliers, service No.777 He is remembered on the Arras Memorial.



    205306

    Pte. William Clarke 21st Btn. (Tyneside Scottish) Northumberland Fusiliers (d.1st Jul 1916)

    William Clark was my great grandfather and sadly we don't know very much about him at all apart from the fact that he was killed on the first day of the battle of the Somme.



    1205697

    Pte. Thomas Rudge 12th Btn. Northumberland Fusiliers (d.27th Sep 1915)

    This photo is the only one my family have of my Great uncle Thomas Rudge and his fellow soldiers, sadly we do not know which one is Thomas.

    Thomas was killed at the battle of Loos and died aged just 21.



    207047

    Pte. John Thomas Noble 10th Battalion Northumberland Fusiliers (d.2nd Jun 1917)

    when my father who was 13 read out the telegrame informing his family of the death of his father, he stuttered out the words and continued to speak in this way until he died 77 years later.all three of us suffered in some way because of that battle



    207119

    2nd Lt. George Alfred Peacock att Royal Air Force. Northumberland Fusiliers

    My father George Peacock served in the First World War and was promoted from the ranks of the Royal Engineers in France to 2nd Lt in the Northumbrian Fusilliers. While serving with the Fusiliers he was attached to the RAF as flying Officer and sent to a School of Aeronautics where he flew a Bi Plane over Salisbury Plain. Probably an RE8/9 target spotting or towing. He was latter promoted a Lt. The family used to have a picture of him standing next to the plane together with a roll of Gun Camera film, so we know it is fact.

    I am desperately trying to find out more about the SofA and the RAF connection and have obtained his Officer Service Records from the national archives.



    206562

    Pte Ethelbert Samuel Gerald Elliott Tyneside Scottish Northumberland Fusiliers

    Bert Elliott was my Grandad. He died when my father was young so I never had the privilege of meeting him sadly.

    He served in the Tyneside Scottish Battalion, Northumberland Fusiliers and was shot in the face during the Battle of Arras. He was injured on 9.4.17 with a gunshot wound to the face which gave him a 40% disability to his face. He was discharged on 13-11-17.

    He came from Aldershot in Hampshire, and was the son of George and Eleanor Elliott. According to his short service record he joined up in Hartley Wintney on 7/10/15. He died in 1937 at the age of 37 and is buried in Aldershot Cemetery as most the the Elliott family with his wife Frances Amy Elliott. He had one daughter Brenda who died some years ago and my father who is still alive living in Hampshire.



    206463

    Pte. John Arthur March 1/6th Btn. Durham Light Infantry

    John Arthur March just before he was sent to France with the Durham Light Infantry.

    John Arthur March was my Great Grandfather. He passed away in 1987, when I was 4 years old and because of this I don't remember him, but I'm always interested in hearing about him.

    Jack joined the Army on the 5th January 1916 at the Glen Parva Recruitment Office in Leicester. On the 12th February 1916 he enlisted in the Durham Light Infantry and was sent to France and fought, as you might expect, in the Trenches. Because of his time in the Trenches he developed Trench Feet. It became seriously infected and it required him to be sent to the Graylingwell War Hospital in Chichester, England for 8 days. He was admitted on the 24th April 1917 and discharged on the 2nd May 1917. After that period he was then transferred to the Convalescent Hospital in Eastbourne, England and stayed there for 48 days. He was admitted on the 2nd May 1917 and was discharged on the 19th June 1917 and was then deemed reasonably fit to return active service, but had to stay in England. In total he spent 1 year, 7 months in France and 1 year 6 months in England as, but was also transferred to the Northumberland Fusiliers at some point during the War. I'm trying to gather as much information about his time in the Northumberland Fusiliers as I can but it's proving to be tough to find out anything about it. During his time in the Trenches he would get bored at times and end up shooting the rats which may sound funny but this ended with him getting into trouble and he was called up on a Disciplinary, but he got off lightly and was cautioned. Whether he continued his assault on the rats I don't know.

    John March (Benfield) and his son John Arthur March. John Arthur March c1916 just before he was sent to France with the Durham Light Infantry & John March just before he was to join the National Reserves in England

    On the 4th April 1919, after the end of the War, he wasn't formally discharged. Instead he was transferred to the Royal Defence Corps as he was deemed too physically unfit to be able to be on the front line. Which I believe was due to developing Trench Foot. So, he survived the War and was able to return to his family and friends. Which I am extremely pleased about as it meant that I had a chance to meet my Great Grandfather. One strange thing is that both of his discharge dates are birthdays in my immediate family. Excluding the years, the 2nd May is my Mum's birthday and the 19th June is my brother's birthday.



    206397

    L/Cpl. George Neale MM & Bar 22nd Btn. (Trench Mortars) Northumberland Fusiliers (d.30th Aug 1916)

    George Neale MM & bar (Sitting)

    I was researching our Family Trees and attended a course at our local library. The tutor on the course was researching his ancestor in The Tyneside Irish and he was very interested when I told him about the MM and Bar of my husband's grandfather, George Neale. He arranged for my husband and I to accompany him to the Archives in Alnwick Castle. I did not find out much more than I had already researched.

    However during the course I told the tutor that I remembered my uncle William Emmerson Metcalfe had several medals which I had seen when I was a child. I thought he was in the Durham Light Infantry, but after much searching on the internet I found he too had served with the Northumberland Fusliers and he too had been awarded the MM. He did survive the war and lived into his 70s. Other than his Medal card I could not find anything more as he and his family are all deceased now .

    I thought that was the end of it until someone on one of my genealogy sites informed me that uncle Emmerson's medals were for sale at a Medal Dealers shop in Hexham. I was able to buy back the medals - I don't know how they came to be for sale - and now, along with George Neale's MM and Bar, we will pass them down through the family. Sadly, however, when George's widow died his other medals and many mementos were split among the family and are now in Canada with the family of George's only daughter.

    This is not the end. On reading on your website today I think I am right in assuming that both George Neale and William Emmerson Metcalfe were involved in the same assault on the first day of the Battle of the Somme, the day that George was awarded his MM. Emmerson Metcalfe had to wait until 2 Nov 1918 for his MM and he survived but George was killed on 30 Aug 1916 .



    206192

    Pte. Joseph Brunton McNally MM. 149th MGC Machine Gun Company

    Joseph McNally was born in the Walker area of Newcastle-upon-Tyne enlisted as No 5/1334 in 1/5th Nortumberland Fusiliers

    On the outbreak of War in August 1914 the Regiment consisted of the

      1st Battalion at Portsmouth in the 9th Brigade,
    • 3rd Division,
    • the 2nd Battalion at Sabathu, India,
    • the 3rd (Reserve) Battalion, which mobilised to train recruits, and
    • four Territorial Force Battalions,
    • The 4th at Hexham,
    • 5th at Walker, Newcastle-upon- Tyne,
    • 6th at St George’s Drill Hall, Northumberland Road, and
    • 7th at Alnwick.
    By November 1918 the Regiment had raised a further 44 Battalions, earned 67 Battle Honours, won five Victoria Crosses and sustained an estimated 16,000 casualties

    Joseph served in the 1/5th Battalion The Northumberland Fusiliers, on the outbreak of War was at Walker, Newcastle-upon-Tyne part of the Northumberland Brigade, Northumbrian Division, (later called the 149th Brigade, 50th Division) . On Tyne defences until April 1915 and then sent to France.

    The 50th (Northumbrian) Division

    The Northumbrian Division, a pre-war Territorial Force formation, was drawn from Northumberland, Durham, North Riding and East Riding of Yorkshire. The Divisional HQ was at Richmond Castle. Brigade HQs at Newcastle, Malton and Durham, and titled Northumberland , York & Durham and Yorkshire Brigades. The Infantry came from Alnwick, Newcastle (2), Hexham, Stockton, North-Allerton, Scarborough, Hull, Gateshead, Sunderland, Durham and Bishop Auckland.

      The Artillery Brigades, No I Northumberland concentrated at Newcastle,
    • No II at Hull,(a battery at Scarborough),
    • No III at Seaham Harbour (batteries at Durham and West Hartlepool),
    • No IV Howitzer Brigade at South Shields (a battery at Heburn) and the
    • Heavy Battery from Middlesborough.

    The Field Companies their HQ and No 1 Signal Company were at Newcastle. The Field Ambulances were at Newcastle, Darlington and Hull. The Divisional Transport and Supply Column companies were at Newcastle, Gateshead, Sunderland and Hull. On the 3 August, units returned from their annual training camps. On 4 August orders to mobilise were received, the Division became part of the Central Force, Home Defence; it garrisoned the Tyne Defences and trained for war.

    Early April 1915 the division was informed it would be sent to France, embarkation orders were issued 5 April. 16 April units began to entrain for the ports of Southampton and Folkestone. After crossing to France the 50th Division completed its concentration in the vicinity of Steenvoorde on 23 April 1915. The next day, units of the division were under fire.

    The 50th (Northumbrian) Division was engaged in the following actions in France and Belgium.

    1915

    Battles of Ypres

    4 April/3 May Battle of St Julien (V Corps, Second Army until 28/4 then Plumer’s Force “The St George’s Gazette”, the Regimental Magazine of the Northumberland Fusiliers, reported that Joseph was wounded in action in April 1915. There are no further details recorded. Thus we do not known when (or if) Joseph returned to his Battalion on recovery, or indeed if he was required to leave the Battalion.

    11/13 May Battle of Frezenberg Ridge (V Corps, Second Army)

    24/25 May Battle of Bellewaarde Ridge (V Corps, Second Army)

    16 June Bellewaarde (149 Bde) (V corps, Second Army)

    1916

    149th Brigade Machine Gun Company formed in the 149th Infantry Brigade from the machine gun sections of the 1/4th, 1/5th, 1/6th and 1/7th Battalions Northumberland Fusiliers on 6 February 1916. Joseph was a founder member of this unit. He transferred, willingly into the Machine Gun Corps and allotted the number 23981. The following incomplete list is of men with similar numbers who therefore transferred at the same time:

      23962 Pte Walker J NF 1645 Disch 050918
    • 23963 Lcpl Irwin J NF 1751 Kia 031016 149 Co, 50 Division
    • 23964 Pte Robinson J NF 1035 Dismb 150119
    • 23965 Cpl Gordon FH NF 1744 Dismb 110319
    • 23967 Pte Callender G NF 19 Battalion, A Co
    • 23968 Pte Simpson S NF 50 Battalion
    • 23969 Pte Turnbull J NF 1942 Demob 250219
    • 23970 Pte Lowrey W NF 558 Dismb 030219
    • 23973 Pte Robson J NF 2733 Dow 190916 150 Co, 50 Division
    • 23980 Pte Nesbitt C NF 2616 Dismb ??0119 5 Battalion
    • 23981 Pte McNally J MM NF 1334 Dismb 110319
    • 23982 Pte Bly J NF 1371 Disch 14??18
    • 23983 Pte Fox A NF 1890 Demob 090319
    • 23984 Pte Oldham A NF 2357 Demob 100219
    • 23985 Sgt Gascoigne J MM NF 2373 Died 030118 218 Co, 18 Division
    • 23986 Pte Bell WJ NF 2471 Dismb 190219
    • 23987 Lcpl Douglas J MM NF 2988 Dismb 150319 50 Battalion
    • 23988 Lcpl Plumb C NF 2994 Dow 271016
    • 23989 Pte Young A NF 3172 Dismb 150419 50 Battalion
    • 23890 Cpl Wilding JH NF 2495

    Battles of The Somme:

    15/22 September Battle of Flers-Courcelette (III Corps, Fourth Army)

    25/28 September Battle of Morval (III Corps, Fourth Army)

    1/3 October Battle of the Transloy Ridges (III Corps, Fourth Army)

    In mid May 1917 the 245th Machine Gun Company disembarked in France from Grantham and joined the Division on 30 May 1917.

    1917 Battles of Arrass:

    11/14 April First Battle of the Scarpe (XVIII Corps until 11/4 - VII Corps, Third Army

    13/15 April Capture of Wancourt Ridge (VII corps)

    23/24 April Second Battle of the Scarpe (VII Corps, Third Army)

    Battles of Ypres:

    26 October/9 November Second Battle of Passchendaele (XIV Corps until 29/10 XIX Corps Fifth Army

    50th Battalion Machine Gun Corps formed February 1918, with the unification of 149th, 150th, 151st and 245th Machine Gun Companies, which then became “A” to “D” Companies, of the battalion.

    1918

    Battles of The Somme:

    21/23 March Battle of St Quentin (Fifth Army Reserve til 21/3 - XIX Corps, Fifth Army)

    23 March Actions at the Somme Crossings (XIX Corps,)

    26/27 March Battle of Rosieres (XIX Corps, Fifth Army)

    Battles of The Lys

    9/11 April Battle of Estaires (XV Corps, First Army)

    12 April Battle of Hazebrouck (XV Corps, First Army)

    Friday 26 April the Division entrained for the Aisne. 28 April detrained joining IX Corps, under the Sixth French Army. Monday 6 May moved into the line taking over the Beauriex Sector from the French.

    27 May/6 June Battle of Aisne (IX Corps, Sixth French Army until 29/5 Fifth French Army)

    Between 3 and 5 July the Division returned to the British Zone, by 14 July it was in the Dieppe area, where it reorganised. (Due to the heavy casualties sustained whilst under French command. For example, 21 officers of the 50th Battalion were captured during this action).

    The Advance to Victory:

    Battle of The Hindenburg Line

    1 October Battle of the St Quentin Canal (XIII Corps, Fourth Army)

    3/5 October Battle of the Beaurevoir Line (XIII Corps, Fourth Army)

    8 October Battle of Cambrai (XIII Corps, Fourth Army

    11/12 October Pursuit to the Selle (XIII Corps, Fourth Army)

    The Final Advance in Picardy

    17/18 October Battle of the Selle (XIII Corps, Fourth Army)

    The London Gazette published the award of a Military Medal to 23981 Pte J McNally on 21 October. No citation was published at that time.

    4 November Battle of the Sambre (XIII corps, Fourth Army)

    After crossing the Sambre the division remained in the line until it was relieved on 10 November. By this date it had fought its way forward to Solre le Chateau. 11 November in billets between Flourcies and Monceau. On 2 December HM the King accompanied by Major General Jackson visited le Catelet where the division had crossed the St Quentin Canal in October. On 3 December His Majesty visited the division in its billeting area. In the middle of the month the division moved back to billets in the le Quesnoy area.

    Demobilisation started in December and continued steadily until units were reduced to cadre and ceased to exist in France.

    Joseph was transferred to the Army “Z” reserve on 11 March 1919, a veteran of the Corps. A VETERAN OF THE CORPS



    205956

    Sjt. John Edward Christie MM. 10th Btn. Northumberland Fusiliers

    John Edward Christie was my grandfather, he never talked very much about the war so I know very little about his time in the Army. He was wounded at the Battle of Passchendaele in September 1917 and he once spoke about going to make some tea in the trench - as he was doing this a shell landed and killed his younger brother who was in the same unit.



    205846

    Pte. Ethelbert Samuel Gerald Elliott Northumberland Fusiliers

    Bert Elliott

    Bert Elliott was my grandfather on my father's side, he served with the Northumberland Fusiliers from 7th October 1915 to the 13th of November 1917.



    205654

    Pte. Frank Monaghan 2nd Battalion Northumberland Fusiliers (d.22nd Feb 1915)

    Frank Monaghan.

    Francis was the youngest son of William and Catherine Monaghan (nee Casey) He was born 30th April 1891 at the Caretakers house at 10 Dunn Street Jarrow. His father William had been Caretaker of Dunn Street School since about 1885. Both of his parents were Catholics from County Monaghan in Ireland. He had four older sisters and a brother. Catherine born 1881 in Watson Street. Margaret born 1883 and Mary born 1884 in Tyne Street. William born 1887 and Sarah Ann born 1889 at 10 Dunn Street. Francis was baptised at St. Bede’s RC Church in Jarrow by Fr. Denis Duggan on 23rd May 1891. In 1893 another daughter Elizabeth was born at the Caretakers house at 10 Dunn Street. Frank attended St. Bede’s RC Primary School at Monkton Road Jarrow, then at St. Bede’s RC School at Low Jarrow, were he was taught by the Marist Brothers. Frank was an amateur weightlifter who probably trained at St. Kilda’s in Wear Street.

    Around 1900 his father decided to go over to North America to start a new life, and when he got established, fetch his family over. William Monaghan senior had lived and worked previously in New York for about 12 years, and had other members of his family there. He had left New York in 1880 and came to Jarrow visiting a family he knew from County Monaghan. He ended up marrying one of the daughters in Jarrow. So Catherine Monaghan and the rest of the family had to move out of the caretaker’s house in Dunn Street, when her husband left his job. They moved over to Hodgson Street in Willington Quay, next to the oldest daughter Catherine, who had just married Thomas Wadey. The oldest son William at this time was at the Chadwick Memorial, Industrial School for Catholic Boys at the Moor Edge in Newcastle, training as a Tailor, he had been sent there for some minor misdemeanour.

    In early 1903 Frank’s mother Catherine died at Hodgson Street (she is buried in Holy Cross Cemetery in Wallsend) So the father William Monaghan had to relinquish his plans, and come home from North America. William Monaghan and his family moved back over to Jarrow again. By now Frank had followed his older brother William into the Tailoring trade. After his apprenticeship was completed, there was little work for Frank and his brother William So William joined the Army. And Frank the Royal Navy. Frank signed on at Devonport on 11th August 1909. He served on board the HMS Vivid I, Mars, Andromeda and the Monmouth It was whilst serving on HMS Monmouth 1910-11 that photo was taken (the only photo of him known that exists today) In August 1911 he got into an affray with a non-commissioned officer and spent 7 days in the cells. When HMS Monmouth got to port he was unceremoniously drummed out of the Senior Service at Devonport.

    Frank was 20 years old now, when he got back to Jarrow, and there was very little work in the tailoring as times at the shipyard was hard in Jarrow. Frank’s older brother William had signed up to the Regular Army in 1908 at Haddington into the 1st Royal Scots, and was now stationed at Allahabad in India.

    In July 1912 Frank signed up into the Regular Army at the Recruiting Office at 21 Ellison Street, Jarrow. He stressed he wanted to serve in India with his brother. Frank was signed up in the 2nd Battalion Northumberland Fusiliers as Private 3428 to be stationed at Sabathu in India. When his father found out he said 'No true Irishman would wear the khaki' He did his basic training at Hillsborough Barracks in Sheffield and got a 3rd Class Certificate of Education awarded on the 30th July 1912.

    In September 1913 the 2nd Battalion Northumberland Fusiliers sailed from Plymouth (where he had seen service in the Royal Navy 2 years before) In November 1913, the 2nd NF disembarked at Karachi, to relieve 1st Battalion Northumberland Fusiliers of the 9th Sirhind Brigade at Sabathu. It is not known if he seen his older brother William in India, as it is 585 miles from Sabutha to Allahabad where the 1st Battalion Royal Scots were stationed.

    War was declared in August 1914 and by October the BEF was getting a hammering at Ypres. So Britain had to start withdrawing troops from the colonies.

    • August 1914 the 2nd Battalion Northumberland Fusiliers in Sabathu.
    • November 1914 the 2nd NF are recalled from India.
    • Tuesday 20th November 1914 the 2nd NF sailed from Karachi.
    • Thursday 22nd November the 2nd NF arrived at Devonport and entrained for Winchester, transferred to 84th Brigade, 28th Division.
    • Saturday 16th January 1915 the 2nd NF are mobilised to join the BEF in Belgium.
    • Sunday 17th January 25 officers and 970 other ranks of the 2nd NF depart Southampton for Le Havre, France on the troopship S.S. Australind.
    • Monday 18th January the 2nd NF disembark at Le Havre.
    • Tuesday 19th January the 2nd NF arrived Hazebrouk by train. (first fatality) Private Robert Henry Fisher 3078 (commemorated Ypres Menin Gate)
    • Tuesday 2nd February 1915 moved forward in buses to Vlamertinghe. Then took over trenches near Zwarteleen, and to the south and south-east of Zillebeke. (Brigadier H. R. Sandilands records in his book "The fifth in the Great War" that the line taken over was 1,140 yards in length and ran from opposite Hill 60 to the left boundary of the 28th Division)
    • Wednesday 3rd February (5 fatalities) Private Leo Manley 613 "B" Coy. - Private John Murphy 2949 – Private Bernard Pike 2027 "B" Coy. – L/Cpl Matthias William Purchase 2712 "B" Coy. (all commemorated Ypres Menin Gate) – Private Arthur William Taylor 2986 (buried Divisional Collecting Post Cemetery)
    • Thursday 4th February (1 fatality) Private John Charles Goudie 4035 (commemorated Ypres Menin Gate) Relieved by the 1st Welsh and moved back to support line at Zillebeke. Casualties from first tour in the trenches - 6 other ranks killed, two officers and 27 other ranks wounded.
    • Friday 5th February (1 fatality) Private James Brown 3864 “A" Coy. (died of wounds and buried Hazebrouk Communal Cemetery)
    • Tuesday 9th February (1 fatality) L/Cpl George Gray 2783 (died of wounds and buried Hazebrouk Communal Cemetery)
    • Thursday 11th February (1 fatality) Cpl William Johnson 3147 (commemorated Ypres Menin Gate) Carried out further tours in Zillebeke area then moved in reserve at Ouderdom.
    • Friday 12th February (4 fatalities) Private George Buglass 2570 (commemorated Ypres Menin Gate) – Private George Burton (died of wounds and buried Les Gonards Cemetery, Versailles) – Sgt Arthur Robson 2721 – Private John Shortt 2441 (both commemorated Ypres Menin Gate) Sunday 14th February (1 fatality) Private Arthur Denbigh Williams 3183 (died of wounds and buried Longuenesse St. Omer Souvenir Cemetery) Moved to Ypres then later in dug-outs on canal bank near St Eloi. Monday 15th February (4 fatalities) Private Robert Holmes 8823 – Private George McLeod 8831 – Private Stanley Pendall 3301 – Private Alfred Edward Reavell 2386 (all commemorated Ypres Menin Gate)
    • Tuesday 16th February (5 fatalities) Private William Day 2296 (commemorated Ypres Menin Gate) L/Cpl Samuel Forrest – Sgt Daniel Smith 7198 (both died of wounds and buried Ypres Town Cemetery Extension) Sgt Arthur Edward Frame 920 (commemorated Ypres Menin Gate) Private Andrew Wilkinson 2083 (buried Bedford House Cemetery) 'A' and 'B' companies withdrew to Bedford House during night, then 'C' and 'D' companies took part in counter-attack on 'O' trench. Withdrew later to Bedford House. C.O. Lt Col S. H. Enderby (wounded) among the casualties. Took over front line North of Canal.
    • Wednesday 17th February (5 fatalities) Private George Brookes 2798 – Private Thomas Fearnley 2987 – Sgt Edward George Harvey 1446 – Private Abram Walker (all commemorated Ypres Menin Gate) Relieved by 1st Suffolk’s.
    • Thursday 18th February (7 fatalities) L/Cpl Edward Lawson 3387 (buried Ramparts Cemetery, Lille Gate) Private William Herbert Ingram 2914 (died of wounds and buried Poperinghe Old Military Cemetery) Private Henry Poulton – Private Charles Smalles 11981 - L/Cpl Henry Sykes 3449 – Private William Webster 2937 – Private Thomas White 12483 (all commemorated Ypres Menin Gate)
    • Friday 19th February (3 fatalities) Private Thomas Green 2942 – Private John Morgan 3355 – Private Joseph Sanderson 2269 (all commemorated Ypres Menin Gate)
    • Saturday 20th February (1 fatality) L/Cpl Harry Forrester 2706 (commemorated Ypres Menin Gate) On to Kruisstraat. Moved forward again, later to La Chapelle Farm, and during night took part in attack on 'Z' trench. 'A' Company went forward at 12.30 am followed by 'C' and 'D'. (Brigadier Sandilands records that the ground to be crossed was a quagmire, the troops struggling on to within a close distance of their objective. An attempt to charge the enemy's line was met by heavy fire-two officers being wounded and the leading wave’s almost wiped out) 'B' company was later sent in, but a renewed attack at 2 am also failed. Battalion withdrew at 5 am to Kruisstraat. Casualties - 3 officers wounded, 6 other ranks killed, 61 wounded, 40 missing.
    • Sunday 21st February (22 fatalities) L/Sgt Edwin Abbott – Private William Whitfield Anderson 3110 – Sgt Bertie George Annets 7878."B" Coy. – Private Thomas Blades 8930 – L/Cpl Thomas Alfred Charlesworth 1627 – Private Peter Cornwall 8735 – Private William Donnison 12743 – Private William Arthur Fuller 2308 – Private John Gilbert Hope 8745 Private William Arthur Hurley 2293 Sgt Samuel Albert Jackson 1131 – Cpl William Campbell McDonald 2640 – Sgt Henry Morris 1271. "A" Coy – Private John James O’Hare 8321 - L/Cpl Tom Priestley 819 Private John Rudd 2354 - L/Cpl Arthur Slingsby 475 – Private Hugh Smith 2458 – Private John Ernest Spencer 3049 – Sgt Wilfred George Woodward 9798 – Private Joseph Wright 3416 born Jarrow - (all commemorated Ypres Menin Gate) Private John Burn 8806 (buried Bedford House Cemetery) There is a soldier from Jarrow and he is not on a Cenotaph in Jarrow. "Hill 60" was one of the heights from where the Germans had an excellent view on Ypres and the front area. Which made it a thorn in the flesh for the British.
    • Monday 22nd February (8 fatalities) Private Edward Felix Baker – Private Alexander Boothman 2822 from Jarrow – Sgt William Burnip 7839 – Private John Butler 3295 – Private Michael James Cavagin 2923 – Private Robert Reed 2459 (all commemorated Ypres Menin Gate) Private Frederick Webb 3141 (died of wounds and buried Bedford House Cemetery) Private Frank Monaghan 3428 born Jarrow (commemorated Hooge Crater Cemetery) The 2 soldiers from Jarrow are not on a Cenotaph in Jarrow. To date - 69 Other Ranks had been killed.

      After four days of heavy fighting near Verbrandenmolen. Zillebeke. Belgium (Hill 60) Frank Monaghan was killed at La Chapelle Farm. Years later an old soldier who had served with him, told his sister, that Frank was resting in the trench with his boots off, when the Germans led an attack. The whistle sounded to counter attack and Frank went over the top in his puttees. Frank was buried at La Chapelle Farm with a wooden cross as a marker (most probably by the Germans as they held it for most of the war) Out of nearly 50 killed from the 2nd battalion Northumberland Fusiliers, during the four days fighting Frank was the only one who got buried at La Chapelle Farm. Did he make it to the German Trenches? All the others that died in the counter attack, were lost without trace and are commemorated on the Menin Gate. Buried alongside him were 12 other crosses, 10 from the 1st Lincolnshire's, 1 from the 1st Dorsetshire's and one from the 1st Bedfordshire's. (these battalions served alongside 2nd NF)

      During the preceding years the little wooden cross cemetery was pounded by shellfire and by the end of the war there was no trace of any graves. After the war the Commonwealth Graves Commission made a Duhallow (special memorial) at Hooge Crater Cemetery, to those lost graves at La Chapelle farm (the Cemetery is a kilometre away from La Chapelle farm.

    • Tuesday 23rd February 2nd Battalion Northumberland Fusiliers left the 28th division and joined the 5th division for a month due to heavy casualties in the 5th division.
    • Wednesday 24th February Heavy snow blizzards.
    • Thursday 25th February (1 fatality) Private George Jewitt 3513 (died of wounds and buried Boulogne Eastern Cemetery)
    • Saturday 27th February (1 fatality) Private James Moorhead 9619 (died of wounds and buried Zantvoorde British Cemetery)
    • Sunday 28th February (1 fatality) Private Frank Tanner 3193 (died of wounds and buried Entratat Churchyard)
    • Monday 1st March 1915 (1 fatality) Private Frederick Foster 3529 (buried Wulverghem-Lindenhoek Road Military Cemetery)
    • Friday 5th March (1 fatality) Private William Henry Holmes 3098 (died of wounds and buried Netley Military Cemetery)
    • Saturday 6th March (1 fatality) L/Cpl Edward Eddy 8603 (died of wounds and buried St. Quentin Cabaret Military Cemetery)
    • Sunday 7th March Private Arthur Thomas Barron 581 (died of wounds and buried Boulogne Eastern Cemetery)
    • Thursday 11th March (1 fatality) L/Cpl Edward George Burling 2317 (died of wounds and buried Wimereux Communal Cemetery)
    • Friday 12th March (7 fatalities) Private James Allison 9923 from Jarrow – Private Albert Brown 1518 - L/Cpl Michael Coyne born Jarrow - Private Arthur Lake 3921 – Private Alfred Scott 1830 "A" Coy. (all commemorated Ploegsteert Memorial) Private James Hough 9758. "D" Coy. (commemorated Ypres Menin Gate) Private Henry George Reinbach 3281 (commemorated Loos Memorial) - (his date could be wrong?) The 2 soldiers from Jarrow are not on a Cenotaph in Jarrow. Saturday 13th March (2 fatalities) Private Walter Starling 2128 (died of wounds and buried Bailleul Communal Cemetery) Private George Whitham 3235 (died of wounds commemorated Ploegsteert Memorial) Monday 15th March (1 fatality) Private Anthony Sanderson 9621 (died of wounds and buried Loker Churchyard) Sunday 21st March (2 fatalities) Private Francis Cannon 2990 – Private Benjamin Stewart (both commemorated on Ploegsteert Memorial) Wednesday 24th March (2 fatalities) Private Felix Leonard Chatter 16895 (commemorated on Ploegsteert Memorial) Private William Dews 7805 (died of wounds and buried Brompton Cemetery)
    • Saturday 27th March (2 fatalities) L/Cpl Jeffrey Liddell 7905 (died of wounds and buried Newcastle-upon-Tyne Byker and Heaton Cemetery)
    • Monday 29th March (1 fatality) L/Cpl Frederick Smith 3858 (died of wounds) Commemoration not known
    • Tuesday 30th March (2 fatalities) A/Cpl Joseph Holland 8805 (buried Dranoutre Military Cemetery) Private George Patterson 8466 (buried Dranouter Churchyard)
    • Friday 2nd April 1915 (1 fatality) L/Cpl Thomas Crossland 9707 (died of wounds and buried Bailleul Communal Cemetery)
    • Friday 16th April (8 fatalities) L/Sgt Arthur Adcock 2729 – Private William Ewart Gladstone Bagshaw 3072 - Private William Brown 3209 – Private George Francis Lawrence 2896 – Private Matthew McMillam 17200 (all commemorated Ypres Menin Gate) Private George Henry Anderson 4209 (buried La Laiterie Military Cemetery) L/Cpl John Skelton 8844 Commemoration not known Private Peter Welsh 2488 (died of wounds and buried Newcastle-upon-Tyne Byker and Heaton Cemetery)
    • Saturday 17th April (6 fatalities) Sgt. Albert Henry Gold – Private Horace Green 16669 – L/Cpl James Kyle 4799 – Cpl Albert Arthur Moran – Private Alexander Walker 6901 – Private Frederick Young 7440 (all buried La Laiterie Military Cemetery
    • Wednesday 21st April (1 fatality) Joseph James Hughes 3020 (commemorated Ypres Menin Gate) 2nd battle of Ypres.
    • Thursday 22nd April (1 fatality) Private Robert Jackson 2998 (commemorated Ypres Menin Gate)
    • Friday 23rd April (2 fatalities) Private Henry Devlin 8590 (buried Divisional Cemetery) Private David Lynn Wharton 8554 (died of Wounds and buried Boulogne Eastern Cemetery
    • Saturday 24th April (10 fatalities) Private John James Ashton 9102 – Cpl Frederick Barnes 2325 – Private John Alfred Brown 8960 – Private Morris Dawson 9742 – Private Daniel Doran 9107. "B" Coy – Private Private Henry Snow Foy 1769 – Private Henry Small 8958 – Private Fred Woolf 3324 (all commemorated Ypres Menin Gate) Private Charles Emmerson 6828 (buried Bedford House Cemetery) Private John Hodd 2848 Commemoration not known
    • Sunday 25th April (9 fatalities) Private Patrick Carroll 7911 - Private Robert Fuller 9363 – Private Gilbert Greening 3562 – Private Robert Savage 6319 (all buried Tyne Cot Cemetery) ('Tyne Cot' or 'Tyne Cottage' was the name given by the Northumberland Fusiliers to a barn which stood near the level crossing on the Passchendaele-Broodseinde road) Private William Dunn 9452 – Cpl Herbert Green 452 – Private Matthew Leach 9904 – Private Maurice Simmonds 4945 (all commemorated Ypres Menin Gate) L/Cpl Alweyne Montague Fisher Turner 3532 (buried Bedford House Cemetery)
    • Monday 26th April (7 fatalities) Private George Henry Blanch 8385 – Private William Davison 16492 – Private William Willett 16889 (all commemorated Ypres Menin Gate) Private James Fitzpatrick 3134 (buried Bedford House Cemetery) Private Walter Fletcher 2753 – Private Harold Snowdon 3395 (both died of wounds and buried Bedford House Cemetery) Private Charles Albert Musgrove 3247 (buried Tyne Cot Cemetery)
    • Tuesday 27th April (1 fatality) Private Sidney Clarence Wheels 3143 (died of wounds and buried Hazebrouck Communal Cemetery)
    • Wednesday 28th April (1 fatality) Private William Brayson 8947 (buried Bedford House Cemetery)
    • Thursday 29th April (1 fatality) Private James Edwin Tait 15395 (commemorated Ypres Menin Gate)
    • Friday 30th April (2 fatalities) Private Earnest Payne 2888 (commemorated Ypres Menin Gate) Private John Smith 8218 Commemoration not known
    • Saturday 1st May 1915 (3 fatalities) Private George Gunn 12370 – Private William Rowan 3488 (both buried Tyne Cot Cemetery) Private James White 2388 (died of wounds and buried Le Treport Military Cemetery) Sunday 2nd May (1 fatality) Private Thomas Lamb 328 (buried Bedford House Cemetery)
    • Monday 3rd May (2 fatalities) L/Sgt Bert Butler 939 real name Bert Munday – Private George William Darling 2490 (both commemorated Ypres Menin Gate)
    • Thursday 6th May (1 fatality) Drummer William Albert Titterton 2586 (commemorated Ypres Menin Gate)
    • Friday 7th May (6 fatalities) Private Thomas Crone Brown 5125. ‘B’ Coy. – Private Tom Denton 3923 – William Elsdon 2996 – Private Michael Morton 3327 – Sgt James Henry Spaxman 3362 (all commemorated Ypres Menin Gate) Private Hugh Makin 4846 Commemoration not known
    • Battle of Frezenberg (8 - 13 May) The battle began on May 8 with a bombardment that disrupted the 83rd Brigade holding trenches on the forward side of the ridge but the first and second assaults by German infantry were repelled by the survivors. The third German assault of the morning pushed the defenders back. While the neighbouring 80th Brigade stopped the advance, the 84th Brigade was broken giving a two mile gap in the line. Further advance was stopped through counterattacks and a night move by the 10th Brigade.
    • Saturday 8th May (96 fatalities) Private James Askew 9527 – Private George Bartley 8670 – Private Samuel Bennett 8886 – Private Charles Birkitt 2244 – Private Thomas Bowman 8938 – L/cpl Thomas Boyd 1387 – Cpl James Bradford 2593 – Private John Brooks 2971 – Private Samuel Broome 3708 - Private Walter Browne 8579 – Private James William Bulmer 3521 – Private George Henry Calvert 2947 – Private Thomas Gregory Chambers 7356. "A" Coy. – Private Joseph Chater 5114 – L/Cpl Peter Clarke 2152 – Private James Connolly 9937 – Private Joseph Craik 3260 from Jarrow - Private Robert William Daglish 2439 – Private James Davison 2086 – Private Matthew James Disberry 8397 – L/Cpl William Henry Dixon 8744 – Sgt William Donaldson 7703 – Private Martin Duffy 8512 from Jarrow – Sgt William Donaldson 7703 – Private Arthur Dye 16608 – Private Eaton Horace 2599 – L/Cpl Ernest Edgar Elsworth 3263 – L/Cpl Frederick Evans 3212 – L/Cpl Joseph Fogarty 1763 – Private George Garrett 16890 – Private Henry Gibson 9892 – Private Robert Hall 8405 - Private George Hallam 8348 – Private George Edward Halliday 10718 - Private William Henderson 2158 – Private Joseph Hine 2159 – Private John Thomas Hirst 9183 – Private Stirling Hood 12473 - Private Andrew Jardine 3371 from Jarrow – Cpl Walter William Kerner 2281 "G" Coy. – Private George Lichfield 2654 – Private Edward Marshall 4134 – L/Cpl William Martin 17019 – Private Peter McCluskey 8667 – Private Edward McCormack 4112 – L/Cpl John McGurk 8697 - Private James McMorris 8650 - L/Cpl James Melville 9718 born Jarrow – Private Thomas Mulgrew 4831 - Private Joseph Mumford 8111 born Jarrow – Private Ronald Murray 9738 – Private Thomas Frederick Newbury 3427. "F" Coy. – Private Robert Oliver 16715 – Private Robert Penrose 3304 – L/Cpl Frederick Pierson 2897 – Private Ernest Price 16640 – Private Charles Edward Puxty 2405 – Private Peter Guinn 3158 – L/Cpl Arthur Rhodes 3019 – Private Albert Robson 3383 – Private Thomas Rutherford Robson 3680 - Private Thomas William Robson 9324 – Private Harry Seed 16674 – Private David Smith 3754 – Private James Herbert Spencer 3489 – Private Joseph Stanley 2627 – Private Geoffrey Leonard Storey 16610 – Private John Thomas Straker 9929 – Private Michael Talbot 8415 – Sgt Thomas Taylor 7536 – Private Joseph Thoms 20927 - Private Ernest Towler 1124 – Private Fred Charles Waite 9914. "B" Coy. - Private Maddison Horsley Watt 3294 – L/cpl Frank John Wiffen 830 – Private George Vincent Wilkins 16509 – Private Thomas Wilks 8955 – Private John Wilson 253 – Private Robert Wilson 11223 – Private Thomas Wright 16703 born Jarrow – Sgt James Young 2377 – L/Cpl John Young 2381 (all commemorated Ypres Menin Gate) All 83 soldiers from one battalion killed on the same day have no known grave. Out of the 6 soldiers from Jarrow, only one, Private Joseph Mumford 8111, is on a Cenotaph in Jarrow. Private Peter Byrne 2808 – Private James Christie 3091 – Private James Albert Hardy 2880 – L/Sgt Percy Douglas Webb 2625 (all buried Sanctuary Wood Cemetery) Private David Scott 2938 (buried Perth Cemetery, China Wall) Private John Sheard 2650 (buried New Irish Farm Cemetery) Private James Trall 16639 – Private Robert William Daglish 2439 – Private Basil Clement Ferninger 1980 – Private Lionel William Kennersley 3097 – Private Alexander McCleanghan 17199 – L/Cpl Patrick McDonald 8711 - Private George Miller 2611 (all Commemoration not known) 96 soldiers from one battalion (10%) Private Charles Lazenby (wounded taken POW)
    • Sunday 9th May Frank Monaghan’s older brother Private William Monaghan 9918 1st Battalion Royal Scots, was killed today, within a mile of here at Sanctuary Wood (Hill 62)
    • Monday 10th May (1 fatality) Cpl Charles William Finch 2725 (buried Roeselare Communal Cemetery (POW) Tuesday 11th May (3 fatalities) Sgt Hugh Frazer 2091 (died of wounds and buried Hazebrouck Communal Cemetery) Private John William Hall 16846 (buried Cologne Southern Cemetery (POW) Private Harold George James Woodbridge 3903 (buried Tyne Cot Cemetery (POW)
    • Wednesday 12th May (1 fatality) L/Cpl James Higgins 8366 (buried Poelcapelle British Cemetery)
    • Sunday 16th May (1 fatality) Bernard Reynolds13852 (buried Tyne Cot Cemetery (POW)
    • Thursday 20th May (1 fatality) Sgt George Ernest Victor Cullingworth 2492 (buried Cologne Southern Cemetery (POW)
    • Friday 21st May (1 fatality) Private Thomas William Morris 3365 (buried Cologne Southern Cemetery (POW) Sunday 23rd May (1fatality) L/Cpl William Bell 2840 (buried Tyne Cot Cemetery (POW)

    • Battle of Bellewaarde (24 - 25 May) On 24th May the Germans released a gas attack on a 4.5-mile (7.2 km) front. British troops were able to defend against initial German attacks but eventually they were forced to retreat to the north and south. Failed British counterattacks forced a British retreat 1000 yards northwards. Upon the end of the battle the Ypres salient was 3 miles (4.8 km) deep. By the end of the battle the size of the Ypres Salient had been reduced such that Ypres itself was closer to the line. In time it would be reduced by shelling until virtually nothing would remain standing. The surprise use of poison gas was not a historical first (poison gas had already been used on the Eastern Front) but did come as a tactical surprise to the Allies.
    • Monday 24th May (45 fatalities) Private Arthur Surtees Adamson 16374 "A" Coy. – Private George Frederick Atkin 17009 – Private Robert Bell 20909 – Private John Bennett 1577 – Private Stanley Birlinson 2565 – Private Neville Bell Bradford 15537 – Private John Robert Brown 20895 from Jarrow – Private Edward Carroll 8647 born Jarrow – L/Cpl George Collinson 20906 – Private John Cooke 17008 – Private Samuel Drydale 5960 – Private John Fenton 21075 from Jarrow – CSM John Fletcher 9273 – Sgt Benjamin Hague 8625 – Private John Edward Hamplett 16549 – Private William Joseph Hann 3167. "H" Coy. – Private Charles Edward Higgins 6833 – Private Frank Howard 16817 – Frederick William Howes 8697 – Private John Hutson 44767 – Private John Hynes 3190 – Cpl John Innerd 3244 – Private Stephen Joyce 2182 from Jarrow - Private John William Kemp 8493 – Private James Logue 3215 (DCM) – Private Albert Makin 6066 "B" Coy. – Private Archibald Alexander McCorkindale 2130 – Private James William McCoy 21069 – L/Cpl Robert James McIntyre l 8710 – Patrick McMullen 21054 – Cpl Richard Mitchell 2877 – Private Richard Newton 21013 – Private James Nicholson 20993 – L/Cpl Joseph Paddin 3940 – Private John Pumford 1086 – Private Ernest Reed 6065 – Private Alfred Shinn 2505 Private William Stewart 4193 – Sgt George Wilson 20915 – Private Ralph Wilson 21084 – Private William Wynn 17348 – Cpl George Henry Yendell 3303 - (all commemorated Ypres Menin Gate) All of the above 42 soldiers from one battalion killed on the same day have no known grave. Private John Ayres 20936 – Private James Erby 14054 – L/Cpl George Victor Whitford 8210 (all Commemoration not known) Out of the 4 soldiers from Jarrow, only one, Private Edward Carroll 8647, is on a Cenotaph in Jarrow.
    • Tuesday 25th May (8 fatalities) Private Edward Burke 20918 (buried Klein-Vierstraat British Cemetery)
    • Private James Clark 3091 – Private John Elliott 20974 – Private James Fish 21021 – Private George Richardson 20976 – Private William Sanderson 9526 – Private George Webster 20903 – Private Richard William Winter 615 (all commemorated Ypres Menin Gate)
    • Wednesday 26th May (62 fatalities) Private James Aram 16767 – Private Patrick Aspell 12468 from Jarrow – Private Stanley Robert Atkinson 16701 – Private John Bailey 21031 – Private Richard Bayldon 8799 – Private Stephen Blyth 2561 – Private Arthur Bell Browbank 21038 – Private William Burton 20928 – Private Robert Carr 16934 – Cpl Harry Cave 2747 – Private Charles Edward Chapman 20949 – Private William Clelland 16808 – Private John Crawford 20899 – Private Robert Croft 21000 – Cpl Thomas Edwin Cummin 6634 – Private Robert Dixon 17076 – Private Patrick Dorian 20958 Private Joseph Dyson 21014 – Cpl William John Donald Stuart Frazer 8774 "B" Coy. – Private James Goodman 20990 – Private Joseph Henry Hall 14658 born Jarrow - Private James Edward Harwood 21005 - Private William Hutcheon 21003 from Jarrow – Private John William Irving 21076 – Private John George Lawson 21088 – Private William Lee 3403 – Private William Lynn 20972 – Privte Robert McGuire 16717 – L/Cpl William George Malyon 3726 – Private Samuel Martin 21052 – L/Cpl Martin McCail 21043 – Private Robert McDonough 20984 – Private William James Merritt 20931 – Private Robert Walter Nealings 19357 – Private Thomas Alfred Newell 3018 Private Alfred Noble 3777 – Private Robert Paul 2919 – Cpl Archibald Pearson 3815 – Private Edward Pearson 20992 born Jarrow – Cpl Herbert Roe 2963 – Private John Sanderson 20980 – Private Albert James Scott 3381 - Private Samuel Spears 21062 – Private Frank Stephenson 6875 – Cpl Albert Stone 3264 – Private David Storey 5111 – Private George Swaddle 21072 – Private Edward Theaker 16577 – Private John Thompson 21091 – Private George William Urwin 21055 – Sgt John Walker 2847 – Private Matthew Musk Ward 20902 – Private Charles Waterhouse 21060 - Private Stephen Watt 21058 from Jarrow – Private George Robert Wheatley 10985 – Private Robert Edward White 9440 – Private James Younger 2667 (all commemorated Ypres Menin Gate) All of the above 58 soldiers from one battalion killed on the same day have no known grave. Private John McCauley 20932 born Jarrow (buried Brandhoek Military Cemetery) Private John Thomas Smith 16712 (buried Klein-Vierstraat British Cemetery) Private John Barraclough 20896 – Private Thomas Ealy 20904 – Private Charles Francis Sowell 20908 (all Commemoration not known) The 5 soldiers from Jarrow are not on a Cenotaph in Jarrow.
    • Thursday 27th May (2 fatalities) Private Thomas McClusky 15383 (died of wounds and buried Hazebrouck Communal Cemetery) Private John Wilson16680 (died of wounds) Commemoration not known
    • Friday 28th May (1 fatality) Private Edwin Shanks 8528 (died of wounds and buried Cologne Southern Cemetery)
    • Wednesday 29th May (1 fatality) L/Cpl Jim Harold Fletcher 2587 (died of wounds and buried Wandsworth (Earlsfield) Cemetery)
    • Monday 31st May (1 fatality) Sgt Henry Victor 1258. "D" Coy. (died of wounds and buried Bailleul Communal Cemetery)
    • Wednesday 2nd June 1915 (1 fatality) Sgt George Shepherd 3084 (died of wounds and buried Hazebrouck Communal Cemetery)
    • Monday 7th June (1 fatality) Private Matthew Ellison Wood 8979 (died of wounds and buried Newcastle-upon-Tyne All Saints Cemetery)
    • Tuesday 8th June (1 fatality) Sgt Samuel Barlow 197 (died of wounds) Commemoration not known
    • Thursday 10th June (1 fatality) Cpl William Hoare 2865 (died of wounds and buried Paddington Cemetery)
    • Saturday 12th June (1 fatality) Private William Mirrilees 3086 (commemorated Ypres Menin Gate)
    • Monday 14th June (1 fatality) Private Thomas Robey 21158. "C" Coy. (commemorated Ypres Menin Gate)
    • Monday 28th June (1 fatality) Cpl John Sinclair 20962 (died of wounds and buried La Clytte Military Cemetery)
    • Wednesday 30th June (1 fatality) Private Frederick Allen 7793 (died of wounds and buried Leicester Welford Road Cemetery)
    • Thursday 8th July 1915 (4 fatalities) Private Thomas Hirst – Private William John Little 8504 – Private William Murray 21111 – Private Sharp Watson 21179 (all buried Ridge Wood Military Cemetery) Monday 12th July (1 fatality) Private Frederick Richard Rowden 2911 (commemorated Ypres Menin Gate)
    • Tuesday 13th July (1 fatality) Private Edward Rumney 16763 (died of wounds and buried Bailleul Communal Cemetery)
    • Saturday 31st July (2 fatalities) Private Harry Elcock 980 – Private Patrick Masterson 9607 (both buried Kemmel Chateau Military Cemetery) Tuesday 3rd August 1915 (1 fatality) Private Robert Dunn (commemorated Ypres Menin Gate)
    • Saturday 7th August (1 fatality) Private Frederick Evans 16936 (buried Etaples Military Cemetery) Wednesday 11th August (1 fatality) Private John Mason 20901 born Jarrow (buried Kemmel Chateau Military Cemetery) The soldier from Jarrow is not on a Cenotaph in Jarrow.
    • Saturday 28th August (2 fatalities) Private Andrew Hedley 17339 (buried Bailleul Communal Cemetery) Private James Thompson 2478 (Kemmel Chateau Military Cemetery)
    • Sunday 29th August (2 fatalities) Private William Harris 8379 – Private Thomas Shannon 335 (both Kemmel Chateau Military Cemetery)
    • Monday 30th August (1 fatality) Private Henry Woodcock 14681 (buried Lijssenthoek Military Cemetery) During the First World War, the village of Lijssenthoek was situated on the main communication line between the allied military bases in the rear and the Ypres battlefields. Close to the front, but out of the extreme range of most German field artillery.
    • Monday 6th September 1915 (1 fatality) Private John Alfred Tillotson 2791 (died of wounds and buried Kemmel Chateau Military Cemetery) Friday 10th September (1 fatality) L/Sgt Snowden Foggan Orange 14588 (died of wounds and buried Loker Churchyard) Saturday 11th September (1 fatality) Private Tom Whittles 21446 (buried Kemmel Chateau Military Cemetery)
    • Thursday 16th September (1 fatality) Private William Edward James 3371 born Jarrow (died of wounds and buried Loker Churchyard) The soldier from Jarrow is not on a Cenotaph in Jarrow.
    • Saturday 18th September (1 fatality) Private Joseph Harold Darling 17129 (buried Kemmel Chateau Military Cemetery)
    • Sunday 19th September (6 fatalities) Private Joseph Cawley 21145 – Private James William Elliott 21378 – Private Charles Gott 15328 – Private John James Ramsey 21372 – L/Cpl Edward Sykes 9115. "B" Coy. – Private Alan Young 15337 (all buried Kemmel Chateau Military Cemetery)
    • The Battle of Loos (25 September – 14 October) The first time the British used poison gas during the war, and is also famous for the fact that it witnessed the first large-scale use of new army or "Kitchener's Army" units. The battle opened on 25 September and the British were able to break through the weaker German trenches and capture the town of Loos, mainly due to numerical superiority. However, the inevitable supply and communications problems, combined with the late arrival of reserves, meant that the breakthrough could not be exploited.

      A further complication for many British soldiers was the failure of their artillery to cut the German wire in many places in advance of the attack. Advancing over open fields in full range of German machine guns and artillery, British losses were devastating.

    • Sunday 26th September (1 fatality) Private Joseph Hartshorne Newsome 6072 (commemorated Ypres Menin Gate)
    • Thursday 30th September (1 fatality) Private William Chalk 8338 (commemorated Loos Memorial)
    • Friday 1st October 1915 (61 fatalities) Private Robert Bailey 17286 – Private Arthur Barker 21482 – Private William James Beal 3017 – Private Thomas Bell 16947 - Private James Henry Bentley 18055 – Private Thomas Bisset 10101 – Private Thomas William Bland 18364 - Private James Brankston 21034 – Private John Byrne 9817 – Private Arthur Calladine 16908. "D" Coy. – Private Albert Carr 4817 – Private James Carroll 17360 – Private Thomas James Dixon 17665 – Private Alexander Douglas 8998 – Private Frank Dunlavey 17560 – Private John Farrier 5618 – Sgt Edgar Gater 17250 – Private George Getley 16995 – Private John Allison Hall 9189 – Private James Henderson 667 – Private Harry Hill 17466 – Private John Howitt 8530 - Private Alexander Mather Johnson 15445 – Private Thomas Johnson 15289 – Private John William Johnston 15520 – Private Walter Kitching 18386 – Private Harry Lawson 6022 – Private Thomas James Leather 21006 – Private William Lowery 15458 – Private Charles William Marsden 16690 – Private George Horace Massey 16901 – Private Alfred Mawhood 21444 - Private John Mole 5814 (real name McCarthy) – Private Peter William McDonald 9737 – Private Harold Mercer 16463 – Private Henry Morrison 21068 - Private Robert Chrishome Pearson 14626 – Private Harry Pettit 17060 – Private Edward Poole 8402 - Private John Alfred Preddy 16836 – Private James Punton 18497 – Private William Pyecroft 21019 – Private Benjamin Rackham 17542. "D" Coy. – Private Joseph Robshaw 3548 – Private Alfred Henry Saunders 1925. "D" Coy – Private Jack Scholes 17227 – Cpl John Shearer 8622 – Private John Sheehan 17203 – Private George Henry Speller 2699 – Private John Storey 15890 – Private Joseph Tinnion 15336 – Cpl George Vose 9540 "A" Coy. – Private Richard Warden 18116 – Private Albert Edwin Webb 2967 – Private Thomas Williams 21082 – Private Walter Richard Willis 17741 Private Joseph Young 21480 (all commemorated Loos Memorial) Private John Auld 21033 (buried Cabaret-Rouge British Cemetery) Private Thomas Frisby 9709 (buried Cabaret-Rouge Cemetery Souchez) Private Charles Baines 21070 – Private Edward Hutchinson 10162 (both Commemoration not known) 59 soldiers from one battalion in one day with no known grave
    • Saturday 2nd October (13 fatalities) Private Michael Brannan 20898 – L/Cpl Alfred Brierley 1257 – Private Herbert Carrier 5735 – Private Isaac Longbottom 18384 – Private John Macdonald 15241 – Private Thomas Smith 3013 – Private William Smith 20952 – Private James Stonehouse 15211 – Private Henry Sweet 16349 – Private John William Taylor 9500 – Private Claude Eugene Turton 8663 – Private Thomas Hagarty Watson 21140 (all commemorated Loos Memorial) 2nd Lt. Ivan Hamilton Learmouth Gilchrist (buried Vermelles British Cemetery) 12 soldiers with no known grave
    • Sunday 3rd October (1 fatality) Private Albert Battle 18473 (commemorated Vis-En-Artois Memorial)
    • Monday 4th October (25 fatalities) Private James Albert Barnes 15095 – Private Frederick Binks 21491 – Private John Robert Burns 18331 – Private John Smith Coggings - 21506 Private Benjamin Byron Crossly 21016 – Private William Finnigan 17513 – Private Frederick Hall 16803 – Private John William Hall 17194 "D" Coy. – Private Thomas King 2481 – Private Thomas Lockyer 16705 – Private William Henry Marsh 16810 – Private Frederick Wallace McKay 8506 – Private William Reed 17328 – Private John Rose 3936 – Private Christopher Skipsey 16941 – Private Arthur Percival Smith 21489 "D" Coy. – Private John Stewart 17904 – Private Ralph Taylor 17418 – Private Frederick George Usher 17228 - Sgt Frank Wilkinson 2612 – Private Andrew Young 16939 (all commemorated Loos Memorial) Private John Hegarty 16938 – Temp 2nd Lt Geoffrey Wilkins (both died of wounds and buried Chocques Military Cemetery) Private John William Proctor 2084 (buried Arras Road Cemetery, Roclincourt) Private John Stoker 15486 (buried Canadian Cemetery No.2, Neuville-St, Vaast) 21 soldiers with no known grave
    • Tuesday 5th October (2 fatalities) Private Thomas Currey 22154 (died of wounds buried Abbeville Communal Cemetery) Sgt Stanley Dundas Stanley 16939 (died of wounds buried Longuenesse St. Omer Souvenir Cemetery)
    • Sunday 10th October (1 fatality) Private John Jenkins 3470 (died of wounds buried Les Gonards Cemetery, Versailles)
    • In the second week of October 1915, the 2nd Battalion Northumberland Fusiliers pulled out of Ypres for good, with the remnants of the Battalion. The 9 months the 2nd NF spent at Ypres 1915, 2 officers and 525 other ranks had been killed.
    • In January 1915, the 2nd NF had went out with 25 officers and 970 other ranks. There are 380 of the other ranks on Memorials to the missing (73% of those who died have no known grave) The 2nd Battalion Northumberland Fusiliers lost 23 soldiers from Jarrow at Ypres, and 20 of the 23 who died from Jarrow have no known grave. Only 2 of the 23 are on a Cenotaph in Jarrow. By the end of 1915 most of the Regular Army ceased to exist. That's why in mid 1915 Britain had to hurriedly formed a new army from scratch (Kitchener's Army)
    • 24th October 1915 2nd Battalion Northumberland Fusiliers sailed from Marseilles.
    • 29th October arrived Alexandria.
    • 21st November 1915 left Alexandria.
    • 24th November arrived Salonika.
    • 24th November 1917 arrived in Italy
    • 26th to 27th June 1918 sailed from Itea to Taranto, Italy.
    • June 1918 left 28th Division and sailed for France.
    • 16th July 1918 to 150th Brigade, 50th (Northumbrian) Division at Martin Eglise.
    • 11th November 1918 located at Dourlers, north of Avsesnes, France.
    • 25th March 1919 a new 2nd Battalion was formed of 6 officers and 30 other ranks from the Depot of the Northumberland Fusiliers, although the original 2nd Battalion was still at Wargnies le Grand.
    • 9th April 1919 2nd Battalion NF moves to Catterick.

    In WW1 The Northumberland Fusiliers raised more battalions, than any other of the regular army regiments. It raised 52 in all, and its total of dead was the highest, 16,159. They also had five Volunteer Battalions affiliated to them from the Northumberland Volunteer Regiment in 1918. They raised a further two battlefield clearance battalions in 1919. The Northumberland Fusiliers had a total of 59 Battalion's from 1914-1919. The Northumberland Fusiliers was one of the oldest regiments in the British Army. Descended from an Irish regiment raised in Holland by Lord Clare in 1674 it became part of the British Army in 1688. In 1747 it was numbered the 5th Regiment of Foot "Fighting Fifth" During the next 155 years it fought in North America, Canada, South America, the West Indies, the Peninsula, India (where three VCs were won during the Mutiny) and South Africa. In 1968 the Northumberland Fusiliers became the 1st Battalion of the Royal Regiment of Fusiliers.



    205640

    Pte. George Swaddle 2nd Btn. Northumberland Fusiliers (d.26th May 1915)

    I am trying to find out details about my Great Grandfather, George Swaddle, who died at Ypres on 26th May 1915. He is commemorated on the Menin Gate at Ypres. We have some old photographs of him which look as if they may have been taken around the time of the Boer War. Unfortunately, we do not know anything about his service record or how he was killed at Ypres. Any information would be greatly appreciated.



    1618

    Cpl Stanley Davis 19th Btn Northumberland Fusiliers (d.27th Mar 1918)

    Davis, Stanley, Corporal 45078 Died 27th March 1918, Remembered on Panel 16 to 18.Pozieres Memorial 19th Northumberland Fusiliers Roll of Honour



    1617

    Cpl Martin William Dodds 19th Btn Northumberland Fusiliers (d.28th Mar 1918)

    19th Northumberland Fusiliers Role of Honour Dodds , Martin William. Corporal 19/164. Died 28th March 1918. age 30 years. Remembered on Panel 16 to 18.Pozieres Memorial Killed in action. Son of the late William P. and S. Dodds; husband of Aylice Bulmer Dodds, of Lichfield House, Regent Parade, Harrogate, Yorks. Cpl Dodds enlisted in a territorial unit, 3 Tyneside Commercial Corps in 1914. He was posted to the Western Front in February 1916 where he served with a machine gun section. Cpl Dodds was killed in action at Depencourt, while waiting for his application for a commission to be approved.



    206123

    Cpl. Edward Albert Lombard 18th (Service) Battalion, Γ?Β No.2 platoon Northumberland Fusiliers

    Edward Albert Lombard, 18th Service Battalion Northumberland Fusiliers(1st Tyneside Pioneers)

    Pte Edward Albert Lombard member of 18th Service Battalion Northumberland Fusiliers(1st Tyneside Pioneers). Member of No.2 platoon of A Company. Is on the embarkation role of the battalion when they went to France on 17th January 1916. Promoted to Corporal during his service, 1520 Corporal E.A.Lombard.

    My grandfather born 9th June 1895 in South Shields, died 10th September 1963 in South Shields. After the war he became a tram driver. I believe he worked in a munitions factory during the Second World War and then became a bus conductor until his retirement. A quiet, gentle and kind man whom I wish I had known for longer.



    1180

    Pte. John Charles Goudie 2nd Btn. Northumberland Fusiliers (d.4th Feb 1915)

    John Goudie was killed near Zwarteleen and is commemorated on the Menin Gate at Ypres.



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