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The Highland Light Infantry (City of Glasgow Regiment)

The Highland Light Infantry (City of Glasgow Regiment) was formed in 1881 The Highland Light Infantry as the county regiment of Lanarkshire from some of its Militia and Volunteer infantry [see below] and the redesignation of the 71st (Highland) Regiment of Foot (Light Infantry) and the 74th (Highlanders) Regiment of Foot
Battalions during the Great War 1914-1918.

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Did you know? We also have a section on World War Two. and a Timecapsule to preserve stories from other conflicts for future generations.

Those known to have served with The Highland Light Infantry (City of Glasgow Regiment) during the Great War 1914-1918.

Select a story link or scroll down to browse those stories hosted on this site.

The names on this list have been submitted by relatives, friends, neighbours and others who wish to remember them, if you have any names to add, or any recollections or photos of those listed, please get in touch.


Walter Sydney Hitchcock Highland Light Infantry

My Grandfather, Walter Sydney Hitchcock served in the Great War in the Highland Light Infantry. His older brothers also served in the army. He had 10 children, his son Bob served in the Royal Navy during the Second World War on HMS Hood and HMS Pandora.

June Bremner


John McCarthy Highland Light Infantry

My Granddad was John McCarthy, I have a copy of a letter to the War Pensioners' Welfare Services in Dublin, where he was living. It says that he served in the Highland Light Infantry and was discharged 21st March 1919. it seems he was in the Munster Fusiliers before the HLI. I know he received medals for Mons, Somme & Arras and was wounded twice.



Corporal Andrew Crooks Henderson 10th/11th Btn. Highland Light Infantry (d.23 April 1917)

Arras Memorial

James henderson


Pte. Arthur McWhirter D Company, 15th Btn Highland Light Infantry

Found a few photos and wanted to add some history to them

Anne Michaels


L/Cpl Thomas McDermott 10th/11th Bn Highland Light Infantry (d.29th March 1917)

I am researching my grandfather L/Cpl Thomas McDermott. He was a member of the 10th/11th Bn Highland Light Infantry killed at Arras on 29th March 1917. His name is inscribed on the Arras Memorial. His parents were Thomas and Mary Ann McDermott and his wife was Jane Malone McDermott. If anyone has any information I would be glad to hear from them.

John Keely


L/Cpl Thomas McDermott 10th/11th Battalion Highland Light Infantry (d.29th March 1917)

I am researching my grandfather, L/Cpl Thomas McDermott. He was a member of the 10th/11th Bn Highland Light Infantry and was killed at Arras on 29th March 1917; his name is inscribed on the Arras Memorial. His parents were Thomas and Mary Ann McDermott and his wife Jane Malone McDermott.

If anyone has any information I would be glad to hear from them.

John Keely


Lieutenant Corporal Thomas McDermott 10th/11th Battalion Highland Light Infantry (d.29th March 1917)

I am researching about my grandfather Lieutenant-Corporal Thomas McDermott.He was a member of the 10th and 11th Highland Light Infantry Battalion and was killed in Arras on 29th March 1917.His name is inscribed on the Arras memorial.My grandfathers parents were Thomas and Mary Anne McDermott and his wife Jane Malone McDermott. If anyone has any information I would be glad to hear from them.

John Keely


Private Alexander Gray 18th Battalion Highland Light Infantry (d.31st July 1917)

I am trying to find out about my uncle, Alexander Gray of Cambuslang, enlisted in the 18th Battalion Highland Light Infantry and died in Belgium in 1917.

I think he was also in the Queen's Own Royal Glasgow Yeomanry before the war, and would like to find out more about the history of both units. Are there any photographs of individual infantry companies taken before going into action or during initial deployment?

Tom Gray


Sjt. Althol Williamson 6th Btn. Highland Light Infantry

My Grandfather Althol Williamson was honourably discharged on the 30th November 1917

He was so badly injured during one battle that his friend hitched him to a gun carriage by his kilt. He was taken back behind British Lines where he was laid out under a sheet as he was presumed dead. We have no further details on this as my grandfather died in 1965. He didn't really want to talk much about this.

My grandfather told me that whilst he was lying on the battlefield, someone or something was moving from the bodies lying on the field and when it came to him it told him he would be aright. He said it was a bright light in the form of a man.

He was sent home, and used to sleep between his mother and father owing to the severe shellshock

One day he went out in London where he then lived using his crutches, he got onto a bus and sat on one of the side seats, the conductor took his crutches and put them under the stairwell. A couple of stops later a woman got on the bus, she was wearing a hat with white feathers in it, she took one of the feathers and put it in my grandfathers lapel. He did nothing, when he got to his stop the conductor gave him his crutches, he looked at the woman, my grandfather said he would never forget her face. He kept the feather in an England's Glory matchbox for many years, and told me he wished he could find that woman to give her back the feather

He remembered waiting in the trenches with the german machine gun bullets pinging on the top of the trench. All waiting for the officer to blow the whistle knowing that as they climbed the ladder to the top of the trench some of them would be instantly killed, my grandfather told me that even with them knowing this no-one faltered and up that ladder they went.

He was 6' 6" tall and cut himself out a special place when they were in the trenches, one day when he came back from a sortie, someone was using my grandfathers special cutout, my grandfather commented to the other soldier but he stayed in my grandfathers cutout. As my grandfather moved along the trench a shell exploded above his cutout and the occupant was killed.

Philip A Jenkins


Pte. Alaexander George "Jock" Farquhar MM and bar, MID. 2nd Battalion Highland Light Infantry

My father Alaexander Farquhar joined the HLI as a Boy soldier and was proud of it`s history and passed that pride on to me. He was a Field signaller and scout and except for short periods when he was in hospital and once home on leave, he saw all the action from 14th August 1914.

I still have his medals,although the War and Victory ones are replacements. He married my mother during his Home leave and they eventually had two sons and a daughter.

During WW2 he served with distinction in the Home Guard. I remember his disgust when in the LDV in 1939 being taught to present arms with a broomstick! after 15 years service with a rifle regiment.

A.S. Farquhar.


Pte. John Stewart 6th Battalion Highland Light Infantry

My Grandfather, John Stewart, enlisted in the 6th Battalion Highland Light Infantry on 14/1/1915. He served at Gallipoli, Mudros, Suez Canal, Gaza and Palestine, before transferring to the Western Front with the 52nd Lowland Division in early 1918, where he survived till the end of the war. He was demobbed in 1919, then rejoined the 6th HLI on 2/9/1939, aged 46. A glutton for punishment or maybe just in need of a job at the end of the great depression.



Pte. Edward Raynor Midgley 9th Btn. Highland Light Infantry (d.27th September 1917)

Edward Midgley was one of about 450 casualties at Dickebusch near Ypres on 27th September 1917. His body was not found and he is listed on the Tyne Cot Memorial where his brother John Thomas Midgley is also listed.

He was 24 years old. He was the uncle of Harry Mortimer the brass band conductor and radio personality who told how the two uncles, along with his aunt Mary Eliza Mortimer of the Women's Service, managed to have a reunion in Belgium not long before Edward's death.

Deirdre Linton


George Gardiner Highland Light Infantry

How can I find out what happened during his service. He was born in 1891. He's my great grandfather.



Lt. Frederick James Harris Highland Light Infantry (d.13th April 1918)

He was the eldest of 4 sons and 1 daughter of F W and Nellie Harris. Attended Allan Glenn School for boys in Glasgow then studied engineering at Glasgow Technical College. Killed in action at Flanders 13th April 1918. Grave is 11 G 29 at Wulverghem-Linderhoek Road Military Cemetery, Belgium.

Lorna Macgregor


L/Cpl. James Muir 1st/6th Bat. Highland Light Infantry (d.24th Aug 1918)

James was one of 19 children, he was an accountant with the Clydesdale bank in Irvine, Ayrshire, one night he was late home from work, and his sister (my grandmother) and his brother were sent to look for him, he had missed the last bus and they found him walking home, they had been a half-penny out on their balancing, and the manager of the bank made everyone stay until it had been found.

once he left for overseas service with the HLI, he never returned to Scotland, his mother got a letter one Saturday saying he would be home before Christmas, the following week she got a visit from the local doctor and the mayor tell her that Jimmy had died of wounds. He is buried in Wancourt British War Cemetery, which is near Arras.

Catherine Muir Davidson


Pte. Andrew Conley 10th/11th Btn. Highland Light Infantry (d.24 Apr 1917)

Just back from Arras, My wife and myself were shocked and amazed by the magnitude of life lost at the front, and really has to be experienced by a visit to see first hand the sacrifice these men made. The Graves, tours, sites and the people we met, made this visit a memory that will never fade.

Remembering Private Andrew Conley of the 10th/11th Bn. Highland Light Infantry. Age 22 who died on the 24th of April 1917 and is commemorated on Bay 8 of the Arras Memorial. Anyone with any extra info on this day in Arras please let me know.

Jim Conley


Pte. Robert Hamilton Elder 18th Battalion Highland Light Infantry (d.18th July 1916)

Robert Hamilton Elder, the son of David & Janet from Glasgow, was one of thousands of young men who went off to the Great War never to return. He was lost to the memory of the family, until I came across his birth and finally his tragic loss with the 18th Highland Infantry in Flanders. He is remembered on the Theipval Memorial.

Frank Micoud


Pte. Walter Bollands 5th Battalion Yorkshire Regiment

Walter Bollands of Middlesbrough, enlisted on 14/09/1915, age 16 years & 9 months. He was posted to the 3/5th Battalion Yorkshire Regiment was a Depot/training units formed in Northallerton and Scarborough, April and March 1915, transferred 08/02/1916 to 5th Yorkshire regiment.

He went to France, Embarking from Southampton with 5th Battalion Yorkshire Regiment to Rouen. On the 1st of Aug 1916 Aged 17, he saw action on the Somme in the Battle of Flers-Courcelette with the 5th Bat Yorkshire Reg. Between the 7th and 17th August 1916 the 5th Battalion moved from Kemmel to Millencourt, a village just West of Albert in the Somme. On the 11 Aug 1916, Walter joined 150th Machine Gun Corps Frances 50th (Northumbrian) Division, 150th (York & Durham) Brigade and was in action on the 16th Sep 1916 on the Somme in the Battle of Flers-Courcelette (15th-22nd September) The following day, 17 Sep 1916 he recievd a Gun shot wound to the back, and was sent to Le Treport on the French coast which was the site for some significant hospital provision.

In the 1 Oct 1916 issue of the Green Howard Gazette, Walter is amongst those listed in Sept - Oct 1916. On the 5th Oct 1916 he was admitted to the Scottish National Red Cross Hospital, Cardonald, Glasgow. But on the 6 Oct 1916 there is a AFW 3016 Army form authorising a wounded man to return to duty and he was posted to 87 Territorial Forces Depot.

On the 16th of Nov 1916 He joined the Highland Light Infantry 2/5th (City of Glasgow) Battalion who were at Danbury, going on to the Curragh in January 1917, Dublin in August, and back to the Curragh in November 1917. On the 20th of Feb 1918 Walter was posted to 14th Battalion Highland Light Infantry (120th Brigade 40th Division) (202902) in France. On the 1st of Mar 1918 The battalion moved into the front line at Fleurbaix relieving 2/10th K.O.L.R.

On the 9th of Apr 1918, then aged 19, Walter;s Service record shows him as reported missing. Walter Bollands was taken Prisoner of War after the Battle of the Lys, when the Portugeuse line collapsed and was taken to a German POW camp April 1918.

Paul Bollands


Capt. Colin Campbell Mitchell MC. 10th Battalion Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders

From Lt Col Colin Mitchell's Autobiography "Having Been a Soldier" who was the son of Colin Mitchell mentioned below:

"When the First World War broke out he (Colin Mitchell) joined up, like most of his generation, and enlisting in Glasgow was sworn in as a private in the Highland Light Infantry. He used to tell me when I was a boy that when they mustered at Maryhill Barracks there were no uniforms and no rifles, so they were issued with Glasgow Corporation tram conductor's uniforms and armed with broomsticks. He also used to joke that the British Army promoted by size and this happened to him. Anyway, he was promoted and went home to Lochgilphead on his first leave as Sergeant. In the village street he met the local laird, Malcolm of Poltalloch, who said, "You should be an officer in our own county regiment, the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders. In 1915, my father was commissioned in the Regiment and later joined the 10th Battalion in France, part of Ian Hay's immortal "First Hundred Thousand".

While convalescing from his wounds with the 3rd Argylls at Kinsale in Southern Ireland, he had met my mother and they were married when the war ended.

Like all small boys born within ten years of the First World War, the thought of it was constantly with me and I was always asking my father to tell me what had happened and about his own adventures. He was always reticent. Probably he was so amazed and thankful to have survived that he just did not want to be reminded of it. I knew that he had fought in most of the big battles and had been wounded three times and, on the last occasion in 1918, had been hit and gassed so badly that he never returned to France. I knew also that he had won the Military Cross at the Battle of Ypres but, when I asked him how, he would only say "Oh, shooting rabbits". But my mother showed me the citation, and I still treasure the gold watch chain that was presented to him by the people of Lochgilphead, for he was their local boy who had achieved distinction.

Lorne Mitchell


Pte. Charles Wilkinson 5th Btn Highland Light Infantry (d.30th Nov 1917)

My great grandfather, Charles Wilkinson served with the 1st/5th battalion HLI during World War One. He saw action in Gallipoli, Romania, Gaza and was killed in action in Egypt on 30/11/1917 at the age of 29.

I have his 'dead man's penny" mounted in a frame along with a silk embroidery bearing the HLI coat of arms, the places he served and a simple message... "to dear wife from Charles". He is remembered at the Ramleh War Cemetry near Tel Aviv, Isreal.

John Wilkinson


Pte. John Fenn 10th/11th Highland Light Infantry

My Great-Grandfather Pte John Fenn served with the 10/11th H.L.I 33964. I know nothing really about him. From his medal record he seems to have served from 1914-1920. I have a postcard type photo with his name, number and regiment are written in pencil on the back. Written next to it is the name G Waugh 33977 - which I assume is someone he knew?



Pte. Peter Flemming Cleary Highland Light Infantry Gordon Highlanders

Grandpa Peter Cleary would seldom talk about the war. But when he did, he would break into tears and hang his head. I could see the pain of WWI, and his time in the trenches, had taken their toll on his soul. Peter was wounded at the Battle of Loos on Sept. 25th, 1915. He would sometimes speak of the hand to hand fighting and the great loss of life at that location. He served through all of WWI and finally immigrating to the U.S. in October of 1920, settling in Seattle, Washington. I have his medals "Mike, Pip, and Squeak" and I proudly display them in his memory. He was very proud to have been a Scottish Highland Soldier with the Gordon Highlanders and later with the Highland Light Infantry. Peter F. Cleary died in Seattle, Washington in 1967.

From a proud grandson! "A Gordon for Me"!

James R. Barbour


Pte. William Wilson 1/7th Btn. Highland Light Infantry (d.14th Aug 1916)

William Wilson, my great uncle was born in Bridgeton Glasgow to parents Tom and Jeannie Wilson. He was killed on 14th Aug 1916 at the age of 22 and lies in Kantara War Memorial Cemetery, Egypt. He may have been killed at The Battle of Romani. Unfortunately there are not too many living relatives left in my family with any more info.

Robert Derry


Sgt. William John Mark MM. 9th Battalion Machine Gun Corps

William John Mark joined up in 1915 at the age of 17, a boy from Glasgow. He started in the Highland Light Infantry and served in France, Mesopotamia and stayed after the war in Germany. He was awarded the Military Medal for destroying a machine gun nest.

After the war he came out to Australia and eventually settled in Sydney where he had a farm. He served in the 2nd World War training cadets as a Warrant Officer. He died in the 1950's.

Amanda Joyce


Pte. William A. Woodburn 18th Btn. Highland Light Infantry (d.17th Oct 1918)

My paternal Great Uncle William Woodburn, whose details were discovered during a research of my family tree. He was born in Belfast and the family moved from Ireland to Glasgow before 1911. William died of his wounds aged 19 the month before war ended and is buried in Lijssenhoek cemetery, Belgium. He was the eldest of four children. Unfortunately I do not have any more information as contact with this branch of the family was lost in the 1940's. We are planning to visit the cemetery in October 2012.

Jacqueline Elouali


Pte. William Martin 9th Glasgow Btn. Highland Light Infantry (d.26th Sep 1917)

My Grandfather William Martin was killed in action on September 26, 1917 in Flanders/France. He was the husband of Elizabeth Anderson Campbell and they had one son, my father, William Martin. All three were born in Glasgow, Lanarkshire, Scotland. I have the original notice of death addressed to my grandmother who was living at the Maryhill Barracks. My grandmother remarried a man named Samuel Taggart in 1920 and they immigrated to Canada in 1923. They lived the rest of their lives in a small town north of Toronto on the shores of Lake Simcoe, Ontario. My father also served with the Canadian Forces from 1939 to 1944 being wounded in action.

Betty Anne Martin


Pte. Richard Ferris 1/7th Btn. Highland Light Infantry (d.28th Aug 1915)

Private Richard Ferris was my great uncle, he was my grandad's oldest brother.

Patricia Thomson


Pte. John Alexander Spence Clint 9th Btn Highland Light Infantry

My father, John Alexander Spence Clint, first served in WWI with the Glasgow 9th Battalion Highland Light Infantry (he referred to it as the Boozy Fourth!). At some point, he was sent back from France to a hospital in Bradford, W Yorkshire, to be patched up, but whether wounded or suffering from "shell shock" is undetermined. He was then sent back to France to serve with the Labour Corps 12-12-1915. He was discharged 31-10-1918. He received a small pension, but though up until he died at the age of 60 and his hands shook so that he could not hold a cup of tea without spilling it, he was considered by the pensions board to be a "malingerer," with the threat of his pension being reduced or cut off. Between 1918 and 1943 he did not have steady employment, until he got a job as an engine slinger during WWII, at which he worked until his death in 1952. My father was a quiet, gentle soul, and I can just imagine how his experiences in WWI, trench warfare, shell bombardment, etc., must have played havoc on his mental/emotional well-being. Go to Google and read how over 300 soldiers were shot, though most were likely suffering from shell-shock and the hazards of warfar were just too much for them. I think we have come a long way in understanding post traumatic stress as it is referred to nowadays.

Maisie Clint Egger


RQMS. David Douglas Hendry 18th Btn. Highland Light Infantry

David Douglas Hendry served with the 18th HLI.

Jim Hendry


Peter Stalker Miller 2nd Btn. Royal Scots Fusliers

My grandfather, Peter Stalker Miller, was a Scottish soldier in the 1st World War involved in the French trenches. My Mother was born in 1923 - shortly afterwards, maybe 3 years. Her Mother Lilian died and because of the horrors of the War in the trenches her father was never seen again. If anyone knows anything about Peter I would be grateful. My Mother will be 90 this year and has longed to find some trace of her Dad- date and burial of Peter is all unknown

Update: Peter enlisted as a private in the 2nd Royal Scots Fusiliers (RSF) (Regimental No 204679) and at some point, transferred to the Highland Light Infantry (Regimental No 330872) , though was probably still in the RSF as late as 1918. If Peter served for most of the war in the 2nd RSF, he could have fought at Ypres, Somme and Flanders and in battles at Neuve Chapelle, Aubers, Festubert, Givenchy, Loos and Pilkem Ridge. So, it is quite likely that Peter saw a significant level of action during WW1. At the end of the war, he was awarded the Victory Medal and the British Medal. Does anyone have any more information on my great grandfather Peter Stalker Miller? Thank you for anything further

Sister Chrysanthi Green

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Recomended Reading.

Available at discounted prices.

History of the 9th (Scottish) Division

John Ewing

The division’s record is graphically described in this history - what Field Marshal Lord Plumer in his foreword referred to as “a record of wonderful development of fighting efficiency.” There are useful appendices giving the Order of Battle, command and staff lists with the various changes; a table showing periods spent in the line, with locations; a table of battle casualties and the VC citations. The maps are good with adequate detail for actions to be followed.

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