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Canadian Expeditionary Force, 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy in the Great War - The Wartime Memories Project -

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Canadian Expeditionary Force, 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy



8th December 1915 Organisation of 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy at Sainte-Marie-Cappel  The Company was organised at Ste-Marie-Cappel. The men at the six Brigade Mining Sections included in 1st & 2nd Canadian Divisions were gradually moved from the front line to Ste-Marie-Cappel, the 1st section arriving there about 16-12-15. One month later, on 16-1-16, the organisation of the company was about complete, and work was taken over from 182 Co. R.E. The line under control of 3rd Tunnelling Co. C.E. includes all of the 1st Divisional Front - Canadian - and trench E1 left in the 2nd Canadian front. i.e. divisional front.

16th January 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy take over from 182nd Tunnelling Coy RE  

Ploegsteert. Took over front line from 182 Co. R.E.

No1 shaft was down 40 ft. Map location N.35.c.1.3.

All workings in the front line - E1 Left and the D trenches - were full of mud and water, and with the exception of 20 ft. of gallery house A shaft, were inaccessible. This particular piece of gallery the 182 Co. were keeping pumped out.

20th January 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy take over from 250 Tunnelling Coy at Wytschaete  

Wytschaete. Took over No2 Shaft and 90 ft. of gallery from 250 Co. R.E.

Map Location N.35.b.7.7.

Front line shafts in trenches E1 Left, nos. 14 & 15, and the Ds. Given letters A B C D etc. for identification.

Did not commence work on No2 shaft owing to lack of men

26th January 1916 Work starts on No2 shaft for 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy  

Wytschaete. Commenced work on No2 shaft.

1st February 1916 Supply Issues for 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy  

No Candles supplied by Corps Troops Supply Column.

Relief's carried out as per schedule

2nd February 1916 Corporal Dickson joins 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy  

Corporal George Howard Dickson reported from 2nd C.M.R.(Canadian Mounted Rifles) re appointment to commission in this Coy.

Pay. 2 Section - 2nd Relief No4 Section. No3 shaft re started piling, interior sets.

3rd February 1916 Major Griffiths D.S.O. visits 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy  

Lt. Sissons left with a lorry for Lillers for steel caissons for sinking shaft in bad ground.

Major Norton Griffiths D.S.O., lunched, went to Saps, dined.

Leave arranged for Mr. Bullock.

4th February 1916 2nd Lt Ritchie joins 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy  

Lt. Sissons returned with 50 lineal feet steel caissons.

II Lieut. Alan Bruce Ritchie reported from 182 Co. R.E., transferred to this Coy. authority A.G.D.385. dated 29.1.16.

Gallery 2A stopped. Length 168 ft. Men transferred to front line defensive workings.

5th February 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy boosted by extra men  

Lieut. Bullock and Lieut. Dickson left Bailleul at 5.25 a.m. for London on 8 days leave.

105 NCO's and men reported as Attached Infantry from 1st Canadian Division. 35 from each Brigade.

6th February 1916 Reliefs carried out  3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy report Reliefs No4 section carried out as per schedule. Lieut. Spears relieved Lieut. Urie. Boring tackle sent to Petite Douve. Attached Infantry 1st & 2nd Brigades sent to Sappers Farm.

7th February 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy start work on Gallery 2A  

L/Cpl. Lowman sent to Proto School for special course as Instructor. 2 Ptes. sent for ordinary course.

Lt. Jolicoeur recalled from Petite Douve, Mr Sissons sent up. Relief 1 & 2 sections carried out.

Work Gallery 2A started. Mr Ritchie placed in charge of No2 Section.

Résumé of work: No. 1A driven 212 ft; No. 2A 178 ft; No. 3, No advance through quicksand.

A Sap listening, B Sap recovering galleries.

8th February 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy sink new shaft  

Decided to sink new shaft in trench, owing to reduction in size of old shaft, and use steel caissons

Borings being taken. 3 attached infantry wounded by premature shell burst.

Commenced new shaft for defensive workings in E1 trench. Shaft called M.

Paid sections resting as per schedule

9th February 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy get new vehicles  

Exchanged 2 3-ton Kelly lorries for 2 30-cwt Daimler lorries with 1st Canadian Divisional Supply Column, and 1 20-cwt Daimler for 1 2-ton Penlen with ASC 24th Siege Brigade R.G.A.

10th February 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy conduct boring tests  

Ploegsteert From boring tests carried on at Petite Douve shaft 3 U.8.a.8.7. the information indicated in accompanying sketch was obtained. In the opinion of officer who conducted boring tests the bottom hard layer is the accumulation directly on top of the clay.

Lt. Ross left on lorry for Villers for more steel caissons.

Full rum ration received for 1st time.

Received from C.E. one 20 ft. hut, canvas hut for Mess room for officers.

11th February 1916 New shaft housings started by 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy  

Lt. Ross returned 8.20 p.m. from Villers with caissons.

Stopped all workings shaft No3 and started new shaft houses.

12th February 1916 Sounds of Mining heard by 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy  Sounds of Mining reported by Infantry trench 134, Petite Douve. U.8.a.5.7. Lorry 8576 returned to shops for repairs.

13th February 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy  

Communion Service held at billets by C. of E. clergyman who came down at request of one of the men.

14th February 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

15th February 1916 Enemy Mining heard by 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy  

Lt. Spears reports sounds Enemy Mining, Trench 134 from 3 a.m. to 12 noon; 1 p.m. to 3 p.m.

Capt. Davis heard same from 6.30 p.m. to 11 p.m.

16th February 1916 trench 134 pumped out by 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy  

Noon Lt. Riley returned to 250 Co. R.E.

Shaft No3, Trench 134, pumped out, preparations made to commence shallow defensive gallery.

17th February 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

18th February 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy test new Listening Apparatus  

Lt. Hibbert tested French Electric Listening apparatus with water tank attachment.

Results very unsatisfactory.

20th February 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

21st February 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy hear Enemy Mining  

Enemy mining reported in trench 130. Lieut. Hibbert investigated and reported as follows :- "I interviewed the O.C. 171 Co. R.E. and found out the position of their workings as they have a shaft on the boundary of our territory and their workings go under the Canadian Front. The report in 130 was very vague, and as the 171 Co. are driving pilings underneath to their right front, this may account for the noises reported. I instructed the trench officer to note time etc. and will call again should there be any further report."

Lieut. Jolicoeur reported back to the 22nd Canadian Bn.

23rd February 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

24th February 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary Bombed by German Aeroplanes

25th February 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

26th February 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

28th February 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

1st March 1916 No.1 Section 1st Canadian Tunnelling Coy join 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy  

No.1 Section of 1st Canadian Tunnelling Co. attached to us for instruction reported to our H.Q. about 8 am from Ste. Marie Cappel.

7th March 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

8th March 1916 Steel Casement Sunk

11th March 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

14th March 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

17th March 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

19th March 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

23rd March 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

25th March 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

7th April 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

11th April 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

12th April 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

14th April 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

17th April 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

19th April 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

26th April 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

27th April 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

1st May 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

2nd May 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

7th May 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

9th May 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

10th May 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

11th May 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

12th May 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

13th May 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

14th May 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

15th May 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

16th May 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

19th May 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

20th May 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

21st May 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

22nd May 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

23rd May 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary  

Hill 60 Sounds enemy mining reported in sap 10 and 2 listening post.

24th May 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

25th May 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

26th May 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

27th May 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

29th May 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

30th May 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

6th June 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

21st June 1916 Pushing Ahead

4th July 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

5th July1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

7th July 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

8th July 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

9th July1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

10th July 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

11th July 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary  

Hill 60 Blue sandbags observed in Railway Cutting in Enemy lines by Major Davis and Lieut. Young.

12th July 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary  

Hill 60 Infantry Trench inspected by General Tuxford - No.16 shaft stopped, very bad quicksand encountered.

13th July 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary  

Hill 60 Noises reported at Nos.6 L.P. & 10 L.P. and in 13 main gallery.

14th July 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary  

Hill 60 Major Davis investigated noises & decided on loading in 3 places, not to tamp until further investigation.

Listening carefully carried out as arranged. Could hear plainly German Listeners walking in his gallery, from No.6 L.P. 16th Battalion relieved 15th Battalion on left, and 13th Battalion relieved 14th Battalion on right.

15th July 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary  

Hill 60 Special work carried out to get direct observation on enemy trenches to try and locate mining work.

Berlin sap B. gallery struck water & face caved. New breakaway started to right, to incline down.

16th July 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary  

Hill 60 Major Davis investigated No.6 L.P. and gave orders to load, with 1000 lbs. ammonal & tamp. Fire when ready. Division advised & camouflet fired 5.P.M. A crater was formed & smoke was observed coming from enemy lines.

Proto rescue men entered gallery 20 min: later, & reported gallery free from gas.

17th July 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary  

Hill 60 Tried to break away from steel shaft in Anzac Shaft. Ground much too soft.

Started to make chamber in I gallery for steel shaft. - Berlin sap started loading chamber in A gallery.

18th July1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary  

Hill 60 Enemy heavily bombarded our front line & supports, chiefly with trench mortars. Enemy patrol crossed to our line and entered Trench 39 close to bridge. 13th Battalion on right saw patrol & opened up with machine guns & sent out bombers. Enemy retired and left a mobile charge weighing about 35 lbs. in trench also a number of bombs.

19th July 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary  

Hill 60 Front line saps inspected by O.C.

20th July 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary  

Hill 60 A small tunnel started for the artillery Heavy groups to be used as O.P.

Verbranden Molen. 5th Battalion relieved 16th Battalion on left. 8th Battalion relieved 13th Battalion on right.

22nd July 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

23rd July 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary  

Hill 60 Had trouble with I steel shaft bad ground - Breakaway in Anzac steel shaft.

Continuing loading chambers in A gallery, as powder is available

24th July 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

25th July 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

27th July 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

28th July 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

29th July 1916 Loading

30th July 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

1st August 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

2nd August 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary  

Hill 60 Loading of chamber in 8 and 11 listening posts completed.

3rd August 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

4th August 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

5th August 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

6th August 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

7th August 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

9th August 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

11th August 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary  

Defensive System between 9 and 13 gallery connected again.

10th Battalion relieved by 60th Battalion.

12th August 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

14th August 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

15th August 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

16th August 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

17th August 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

19th August 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

20th August 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

21st August 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

22nd August 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

23rd August 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

24th August 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary  

Hill 60 By 10 a.m. enemy gallery clear of water and listeners posted at

60th Bn. Canadians relieved by Royal Warwicks 4th British Division.

25th August 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

26th August 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

27th August 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

28th August 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

29th August 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

30th August 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

1st September 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

2nd September 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

3rd September 1916 New Shaft

4th September 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

5th September 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

7th September 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

8th September 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

9th September 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

10th September 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

11th September 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

12th September 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

13th September, 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

14th September 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

15th September 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

16th September 1916 

17th September 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

18th September 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

19th September 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

20th September 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

21st September 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

22nd September 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

23rd September 1916 Water

24th September 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

25th September 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

26th Sep 1916 Water Cleared

27th Sep 1916 Countermine

29th September 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

30th September 1916 Repairs

1st Oct 1916 Pumping Resumes

2nd October 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

4th October 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

5th October 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

6th October 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

7th October 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

8th October 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

9th October 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

10th October 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

11th October 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

12th October 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

13th Oct 1916 

14th October 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

15th October 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

16th October 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

17th October 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

18th October 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

19th October 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

20th October 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

21st October 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

22nd October 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

23rd October 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

24th October 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

25th October 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

26th October 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

27th October 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

28th October 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

29th October 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

30th October 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

31st October 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

1st November 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

2nd November 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

3rd November 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

4th November 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

6th November 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

7th November 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

8th November 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary

28th Sep 1916 Pump Problems

If you can provide any additional information, please add it here.





Want to know more about Canadian Expeditionary Force, 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy?


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Those known to have served with

Canadian Expeditionary Force, 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy

during the Great War 1914-1918.

  • Chilcot Arthur Frederick. Sapper
  • Chilcot Arthur Frederick. Sapper
  • Cormier Arsene F.. Spr. (d.22nd October 1917)
  • Gaffikin Robert James. Pte. (d.15th September 1916)
  • Maclean . Pte.
  • Snowdon George Wilkinson. Pte.
  • Stewart John Hampton. (d.14/7/1961)

All names on this list have been submitted by relatives, friends, neighbours and others who wish to remember them, if you have any names to add or any recollections or photos of those listed, please Add a Name to this List


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228095

John Hampton Stewart 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Company. (d.14/7/1961)

John Hampton Stewart was attached to the 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Company from 12/3/1917 to 14/5/1917. He then returned to the NZ forces 2nd Field Company NZ Engineers.

Tony Beard




227074

Spr. Arsene F. Cormier 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy (d.22nd October 1917)

Arsene Cormier is my grandmother's half brother from St. Joseph du Moine, Cape Breton, Nova Scotia. My grandmother is Luce Chiasson. Her father Arsenne Chiasson died one year after she was born. Her mother remarried Fred Cormier - Arsene F. Cormier is their son.

Rhonda Poirier




223781

Sapper Arthur Frederick Chilcot att 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Company

Arthur Chilcot joined the NZ Expeditionary Force on 24th of December 1915 and was posted as a rifleman to 4th Btn. 3rd NZ Rifle Brigade on 20th of June 1916. Arthur was detached to the 3rd Canadian Tunnellers on 4th of May 1917, and was wounded (gunshot wound right leg) on 7th of June 1917. Arthur was sent to convalesce in Codford, UK, until 15th of November 1917 where he was transferred as a Sapper to 5 (NZ) Light Railway Operating Section.

Lyle Holt




221794

Pte. George Wilkinson Snowdon 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Company.

George Wilkinson Snowdon was my Grandfather, He left England to work in Canada. His attestation paper No. A24207 dated 25th Dec. 1915 records his army number as A424214 and was assigned to 45th Battalion Draft. On 19th July 1915 embarked to France to 5th battalion, then in Feb. 1916 attended 3rd Tunnelling Company and taken on strength on the 27th Jan. 1917.

George travelled to Canada in May 1913 From Greenside, Ryton on Tyne, County Durham, England. After the war he was given permission to marry my Grandmother Mable Alice Robson at Greenside on the 14th March 1919. He then returned to Seaford and was discharged from the Canadian Army on 2nd May 1919 in London. He returned to Greenside where he farmed on his own farm with his two sons Leslie and Ernest until his death on 6th March 1970.

Derek Snowdon




220142

Sapper Arthur Frederick Chilcot 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Company.

Arthur Frederick Chilcott of the New Zealand Expeditionary Force served with the 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Company.

Lyle Holt






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Whilst the war raged across Flanders fields, an equally horrifying and sometimes more dangerous battle took place underground. "Beneath Flanders Fields" tells the story of the tunnellers' war, which still remains one of the most misunderstood, misrepresented and mystifying conflicts of the Great War. A wealth of personal testimonies reveal the engineering, technology and science behind how this most intense of battles was fought - and won. They speak of how the tunnellers lived a relentless existence in the depths of the battlefield for almost two and a half years, enduring physical and mental stresses that were often more extreme than their infantry counterparts. Their lives were reduced to a complex war of silence, tension and claustrophobia, leading up to the most dramatic mine offensive in history launched on 7 June 1917 at Messines Ridge. Yet, Messines was not the end of their story, which continued with the crafting of a whole underground world of headquarters, cookhouses and hos
Underground Warfare 1914-1918

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Simon Jones's graphic history of underground warfare during the Great War uses personal reminiscences to convey the danger and suspense of this unconventional form of conflict. He describes how the underground soldiers of the opposing armies engaged in a ruthless fight for supremacy, covers the tunnelling methods they employed, and shows the increasingly lethal tactics they developed during the war in which military mining reached its apotheosis. He concentrates on the struggle for ascendancy by the British tunnelling companies on the Western Front. But his wide-ranging study also tells the story of the little known but fascinating subterranean battles fought in the French sectors of the Western Front and between the Austrians and the Italians in the Alps which have never been described before in English. Vivid personal testimony is combined with a lucid account of the technical challenges - and ever-present perils - of tunnelling in order to give an all-round insight into the extraord
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