- Australian Imperial Force 2nd Btn during the Great War -
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Australian Imperial Force 2nd Btn
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Those known to have served with
Australian Imperial Force 2nd Btn
during the Great War 1914-1918.
- Adams MC MID.. John. Lt.
- Alderdice Arthur Gladstone. Cpl. (d.15th Aug 1916)
- Arnold Guy Hartley. Pte. (d.26th Apr 1916)
- Burgin Walter. Pte. (d.21st May 1915)
- Chapman Charles Pease. Lt.
- Coulter Jason Leslie Boyd. Sgt. (d.10th Aug 1915)
- Cumberland Joseph Hilton. Pte. (d.5th May 1915)
- Cumberland Joseph Hilton. Pte. (d.5th May 1915)
- Egan Edward Roland. 2nd Lt. (d.14th Aug 1915)
- Elwood Alfred Terah. Pte. (d.17th May 1915)
- Fergusson MM. Arthur Ernest. L/Cpl. (d.23rd Aug 1918)
- Gale Noel William Howard. L/Cpl. (d.2nd May 1915)
- Gordon Charles George. Maj. (d.25th April 1915)
- Hetherington John Wesley. S/Sgt.
- Innes William Maitland. Pte. (d.16th May 1915)
- Jarman Richard Alexander. Pte. (d.29th Apr 1915)
- MacInnes Ian Gorden. L/Sgt. (d.25th-30th April 1915)
- Mahony Eugene Patrick. L/Cpl. (d.20th May 1915)
- McAnulty Cecil Anthony. Pte. (d.8th-10th Aug 1915)
- Osborn Oliver James. Pte. (d.2nd May 1915)
- Proctor Charles Howard. Pte. (d.2nd May 1915)
- Smith Frederick George. Lt. (d.8th May 1915)
- Wood Albert Foster. Pte. (d.13th May 1915)
- Wyatt Henry Ernest. Cpl. (d.11th April 1917)
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L/Cpl. Arthur Ernest Fergusson MM 2nd Btn. Australian Infantry (d.23rd Aug 1918)Arthur Fergusson was killed in action at St. Martin's Wood near Proyart, France on 23rd August 1918, aged 22 and is buried in the Heath Cemetery in France. He was the son of James Stevens Fergusson and Mary Jane Fergusson, of 54 Rowntree St., Balmain, New South Waless flynn
Lt. Charles Pease Chapman 2nd Btn.Charles Chapman was born on Norfolk Island (even though his records show Dubbo, NSW) on 11th March 1888. His parents were John Joyce Chapman and Elizabeth Isabella (nee Taylor). He went to Australia to be a school teacher and was in Dubbo, teaching when the call came to support the country.
He joined the AIF. His rank rose from private to lance corporal, then 2nd lieutenant in 1916, lieutenant in 1916 and captain in 1920. He enlisted on 28th August 1914 at Randwick NSW Australia and he served in the following units: B Company, 2nd AIF from 28th August 1914 to 19th January 1916. The 2nd battalion was part of the 1st brigade, 1st division. He was then in the 5th battalion South Staffordshire Regiment from 19th January 1916 to 1st April 1920. Charles fought at Gallopoli and wounded there with a bomb (bullet) wound to the eye. He was taken to Malta on the Dunluce Castle to St George Hospital. He also had enteric fever. From Malta he was sent to England on the SS Huntsend to the No 1 Southern General Hospital, Birmingham.
In 1918, he was sent to France and admitted with neurasthenia to a clearing station in April. His was awarded the 1914/15 Star, the British War Medal and the Victory Medal. After the war he started a preparatory school in Kilara NSW with his wife Evelyn (nee Grummitt) who he had met and married in England.Linda Chapman
Pte. Albert Foster Wood 2nd Btn. (d.13th May 1915)Albert Wood died on the 13th of May 1915, aged 38 and is buried i in the Cairo War Memorial Cemetery, Cairo, Egypt. He was the son of Ammon and Mary Ann Wood and was born at Geelong, Victoria, Australia.s flynn
Lt. Frederick George Smith 2nd Btn. (d.8th May 1915)Frederick George Smith died on the 8th May 1915 and is buried in the Cairo War Memorial Cemetery, Cairo, Egypt. He was the son of George and Julia Smith of 154 Lawson St., Hamilton, Newcastle, New South Wales.s flynn
Pte. William Maitland Innes 2nd Btn. (d.16th May 1915)William Innes died on the 16th of May 1915 and is buried in the Cairo War Memorial Cemetery, Cairo, Egypt.s flynn
2nd Lt. Edward Roland Egan 2nd Btn. (d.14th Aug 1915)Edward Egan died on the 14th of August 1915 and is buried in the Alexandria (Chatby) Military and War Memorial Cemetery, Alexandria, Egypt. He was the son of Thomas and Sarah Ann Egan, of Kempsey, New South Wales. Born at Tenterfield, New South Waless flynn
Pte. Joseph Hilton Cumberland 2nd Btn. (d.5th May 1915)Joseph Cumberland died of wounds received at Gallipoli on the 5th May 1915, aged 21 and is buried in the Alexandria (Chatby) Military and War Memorial, Alexandria, Egypt. He was the brother of Oliver who is buried at Lone Pine Cemetery, Anzac and son of the late George A. and Sarah Cumberland. Joseph was born at Scone, New South Wales.s flynn
Pte. Walter Burgin 2nd Btn. (d.21st May 1915)Walter Burgin died on the 21st of May 1915 and is buried in the Alexandria (Chatby) Military and War Cemetery, Alexandria, Egypt.s flynn
Pte. Charles Howard Proctor 2nd Btn. (d.2nd May 1915)Charles Proctor was killed on the 2nd of May 1915, aged 23 and is commemorated on the Lone Pine Memorial in the Lone Pine Cemetery, Gallipoli, Turkey. He was the son of Richard and Elizabeth Proctor of West Maitland, New South Wales.s flynn
Pte. Oliver James Osborn 2nd Btn. (d.2nd May 1915)Oliver Osborn died on the 2nd of May 1915 and is commemorated o on the Lone Pine Memorial in the Lone Pine Cemetery, Gallipoli, Turkey.s flynn
L/Cpl. Eugene Patrick Mahony 2nd Btn. (d.20th May 1915)Eugene Mahony died on the 20th of May 1915 and is commemorated on the Lone Pine Memorial in the Lone Pine Cemetery, Gallipoli, Turkey.s flynn
L/Sgt. Ian Gorden MacInnes 2nd Btn. (d.25th-30th April 1915)Ian MacInnes died between the 25th and 30th of April 1915, aged 30 and is commemorated on the Lone Pine Memorial in the Lone Pine Cemetery, Gallipoli, Turkey. He was the son of the Rev. George MacInnes, D.D. and Margaret MacInnes, of 45, Liverpool Rd., Summer Hill, New South Wales. Native of Ashfield.s flynn
Pte. Richard Alexander Jarman 2nd Btn. (d.29th Apr 1915)Richard Jarman died 29th April 1915 and commemorated on the Lone Pine Memorial in the Lone Pine Cemetery, Gallipoli, Turkey.s flynn
Maj. Charles George Gordon 2nd Btn. (d.25th April 1915)Charles Gordon died on the 25th of April 1915, aged 45 and is commemorated on the Lone Pine Memorial in the Lone Pine Cemetery, Gallipoli, Turkey. He was the son of Robert and Annie Gordon; husband of J. M. E. Gordon. Native of Kingstown, Ireland.s flynn
L/Cpl. Noel William Howard Gale 2nd Btn. (d.2nd May 1915)Noel Gale died on the 2nd of May 1915, aged 20 and is commemorated on the Lone Pine Memorial in the Lone Pine Cemetery, Gallipoli, Turkey. He was the son of Blanche Gale, of Glengarrah, Lagoon St., Goulburn, New South Wales, and the late William Gale.s flynn
Pte. Alfred Terah Elwood 2nd Btn. (d.17th May 1915)Alfred Elwood died on the 17th of May 1915 and is commemorated on the Lone Pine Memorial in the Lone Pine Cemetery, Gallipoli, Turkey.s flynn
Pte. Joseph Hilton Cumberland 2nd Btn. Australian Infantry (d.5th May 1915)Joseph Hilton Cumberland served with the 2nd Battalion, Australian Infantry, Australian Imperial Force during WW1 and died on the 5th May 1915, aged 21. He is buried in the Alexandria Chatby Military and War Memorial Cemetery, Alexandria, Egypt. Joseph died of wounds received at Gallipoli and his brother Oliver is buried at Lone Pine Cemetery, Anzac. He was the son of the late George A. and Sarah Cumberland. Born at Scone, New South Wales.S Flynn
Cpl. Henry Ernest Wyatt 2nd Infantry Battalion (d.11th April 1917)Henry Ernest Wyatt was born at Surrey Hills, Sydney in 1895 and worked as both a boundary rider and as a labourer. At the time of enlisting, Wyatt was working in the machine room of the Sydney newspaper, the Evening News, alongside his brother, Albert Wyatt, whom he listed as his next of kin. Henry Wyatt joined the war effort at Liverpool camp, enlisting on 26 November 1914 and was assigned to the 2nd Infantry Battalion. He embarked for Egypt aboard HMAT Seang Bee, but was slowed when the vessel hit part of the Great Barrier Reef on its way out of Australian waters.
After a short period of training in Egypt, Wyatt was sent to Gallipoli. He participated in the entire campaign, from the landing on 25 April 1915 until the evacuation in December 1915. After the evacuation, Wyatt returned to Egypt with his unit and then went to France. He fought on the Somme during 1916 and earned promotion to the rank of corporal in October of that year. In early April 1917 Henry Wyatt was fatally wounded in fighting in the Bullecourt area, succumbing to his wounds on 11th April 1917 and is buried at St. Sever Cemetery in Rouen, France.s flynn
Pte. Cecil Anthony McAnulty 3rd Infantry Battalion (d.8th-10th Aug 1915)Cecil Anthony McAnulty was born at Ballarat, Victoria, in 1888. He originally enlisted with the 3rd Infantry Battalion of the Australian Imperial Force on 4th November 1914. However, he was discharged prior to embarkation for an unknown reason. Undeterred, the 26-year-old clerk enlisted again the following year on 11th February 1915, this time with the 2nd Infantry Battalion, and lft Sydney aboard HMAT Argyllshire on 10th April 1915.
In May McAnulty and several others of the battalion were sent to reinforce the 3rd Battalion on Gallipoli. He had kept a diary since the day he left Australia and recorded his experiences on Gallipoli in great detail. One of the last entries concerns the fighting at Lone Pine in early August. McAnulty described his amazement at reaching the opposing Turkish trenches, charging in a trance through the flurry of machine-gun and rifle fire. Sadly, his last entry ends mid-sentence while he is describing the battle.
Cecil McAnulty was killed in action at Lone Pine, sometime between 8th and 10th August 1915. He was originally buried at Brown's Dip North Cemetery but was later reinterred at the Lone Pine Cemetery on Gallipoli.s flynn
S/Sgt. John Wesley Hetherington 2nd Btn.John Wesley Hetherington was born in Northumberland, England on 22nd November 1878 to Thomas and Margaret Hetherington. He worked as an engineer tool maker in Sydney, Australia before enlisting in the Australian Imperial Force on 17th September 1914 as an armourer corporal. He was assigned to the 2nd Battalion, 1st Infantry Brigade and left Australia for Egypt on 18th October 1914 aboard HMAT Suffolk.
After training in Egypt, the battalion took part in the ANZAC landing on Gallipoli on 25 April 1915. Hetherington was wounded during the landing and spent four months in hospital in Malta. He re-joined the 2nd Battalion at Gallipoli, where they remained until the evacuation in December 1915.
After returning to Egypt from Gallipoli in December 1915, the 2nd Battalion arrived at Marseilles, France on 28th March 1916. Since the Gallipoli landing the previous year, Hetherington had received numerous promotions and was an armourer sergeant by March 1916. From July through to September 1916, the 2nd Battalion was engaged in its first major battle on the Western Front, the battle of Pozières. Following the end of this battle, Hetherington went to England on leave before re-joining the battalion in France. From February to May 1917, Hetherington attended the Armoury School of Instruction and was promoted to the rank of regimental quartermaster sergeant(warrant officer class 2) on 25th May 1917. Throughout 1917 and 1918, the 2nd Battalion took part in operations against the German Army in the Somme Valley in France and Belgium . Hetherington returned to Australia aboard HT Devon in October 1918. Hetherington was discharged in January 1919.
John Wesley Hetherington enlisted again during the Second World War on 10th June 1940. He reduced his age by stating his year of birth was 1888. He was discharged on 2nd February 1945 with the rank of staff sergeant.
John Hetherington died in Sydney in 1978.s flynn
Sgt. Jason Leslie Boyd Coulter Australian Imperial Forces 2nd Infantry Battalion (d.10th Aug 1915)Jason Leslie Boyd Coulter was born at Ballarat, Victoria during 1877 to parents Irvine and Mary. A farmer by trade, he enlisted at Randwick, New South Wales under the name Jason Leslie Boyd on 27th August 1914. At the time Coulter enlisted, the upper age limit was set at 35 but he was 36 at the time. His age on enlistment was recorded as 35 and he was assigned to the 2nd Infantry Battalion.
Coulter departed Sydney aboard HMAT Suffolk on 18th October 1914. In March 1915, he was transferred to the 8th Infantry Battalion before being sent to Gallipoli. Coulter's brother, Lt. Col. Graham Coulter, also served with the 8th Infantry Battalion and later commanded this unit.
Whilst at Gallipoli he was promoted through the ranks and achieved the rank of sergeant during August 1915. He also sustained severe gunshot wounds from his service in this campaign and died on 10th August 1915. Jason Coulter was 37 years old when he died and he is buried at the Alexandria (Chatby) Military and War Memorial Cemetery, Egypts flynn
Pte. Guy Hartley Arnold 2nd Infantry Battalion (d.26th Apr 1916)Guy Hartley Arnold was born in 1887 in Warwickshire, England and emigrated to Australia at the age of 23. In England he had worked as a bank clerk but in Australia he worked as a farmer in Coolamon, New South Wales. He also worked as a labourer in Mackay, Queensland.
Arnold was 27 years old when he enlisted in the Australian Imperial Force on 28th January 1915. He was assigned to the 2nd Infantry Battalion and departed Sydney aboard HMAT Seang Bee on 11th February 1915. He spent time in Gallipoli and Egypt before moving to France with this battalion. Guy Arnold was killed during heavy fighting on 26th April 1916 and is buried at Rue-Du-Bois Military Cemetery, Fleurbaixs flynn
Cpl. Arthur Gladstone Alderdice 2nd Infantry Battalion (d.15th Aug 1916)Arthur Gladstone Alderdice was born at Beechworth, Victoria and was educated at Beechworth Grammar School. At the outbreak of the First World War he was working in the shearing industry as a wool scourer.
Alderdice enlisted in the Australian Imperial Force on 6th April 1915. He was assigned to the 2nd Infantry Battalion and departed Sydney aboard HMAT Karoola on 16th June 1915. Alderdice was stationed briefly in Egypt before being deployed to Gallipoli on 6th August 1915, where he took part in the reinforcement of Lone Pine. He was reported ill, most likely suffering from diphtheria, on 26th November 1915 and subsequently sent to Malta for recovery. After Gallipoli he was redeployed to Egypt, arriving on 18th February 1916. He was promoted to corporal on 24th March 1916. Alderdice departed for Marseilles on 28th May 1916 aboard HMT Ivernia and was soon deployed to the Western Front.
He was seriously wounded in action by an enemy shell on 25th July 1916. He was transferred to a field hospital at Rouen on 27th July 1916, and then to the 3rd London General Hospital at Wandsworth. He died of tetanus on 15th August 1916. Arthur Alderdice is buried at Wandsworth (Earlsfield) Cemetery, England.s flynn
Lt. John Adams MC MID. 54th Infantry BattalionJohn Adams was born at Combe Florey, Somerset, England, on 26th September 1890. Prior to the First World War he emigrated to Australia and worked as a valet.
He had served with the Royal Navy for two-and-a-half years before he he enlisted with the Australian Imperial Force on 18th August 1914, a month before his 24th birthday. It was around this time that he also started documenting his experiences in his diary, a practice that he would continue until mid-1916. After two months of training he departed Sydney with the 2nd Infantry Battalion aboard HMAT Suffolk on 18th October 1914.
The 2nd Battalion were part of the second and third waves sent ashore at Gallipoli on 25th April 1915. He writes extensively about the landing in his diary, particularly about the confusion that pervaded the initial stages and his attempts to find members of his battalion during the subsequent days. Although Adams remained with his unit until the evacuation in December 1915, he was wounded on several occasions. During the battle of Lone Pine in August the glass of the periscope he was looking through was shattered and his eyesight was damaged. In September 1915 he was knocked unconscious by a loop-hole plate sent flying by shell-fire.
After being transferred to the newly formed 54th Infantry Battalion in February 1916, Adams served during its first major engagement on the Western Front, the disastrous battle of Fromelles. He was promoted to lieutenant on 2nd August 1916, having risen quickly through the non-commissioned ranks. In April 1917 he was Mentioned in the Despatches of Field Marshal Sir Douglas Haig, Commander of the British Expeditionary Force, for his work as an intelligence officer with 14th Brigade headquarters and also for his actions at Fromelles. This was followed by the receipt of the Military Cross in June 1918 for his work as an intelligence officer during the winter campaign on the Somme and his subsequent conduct in Belgium during 1917 on return to his battalion. It was reported that his "fearlessness, gallantry and devotion to duty" left a good impression on those with whom he came into contact. Adams was later awarded a bar to his Military Cross for "conspicuous gallantry and brilliant leadership during the operations at Peronne" in 1918, where he was wounded while rushing a machine-gun post.
After the war he left for Australia on 6th May 1919, though he would briefly return to England to be married. John Adams died at the age of 90 at Concord, New South Wales, on 21st June 1981.s flynn
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